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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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UPPER SNAKE RIVER BRANCH 
GENEALOGICAL LIBRARY 



[OR ln&W USE CHJ 




• 



RICKS COLLEGE 




David O. McKay 
Learning Resources Center 
Rexburg, Idaho 83440 



DATE 


DUE 










OCT 2 () 1994 





























































DEMCO INC 38-293' 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 
Brigham Young University-Idaho 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistor001wate 




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T H E 



NEW ENGLAND 



historical ^r (Genealogical Ueejister, 



PfllLISIM !- KRLY I 



X e d ^ : n a Ian) if to t it, ttualoa teal Socti 1 n 



FOR Til E FEAR IS 



VOIJ MK 111. 




BOSTON: 

SAMUEL G . D R A K E , PUBLISHER. 

1849. 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

In Vol. i. — Page 1 20, line 1 4, for Rev. John Brazier, D. D., read Rev. John Brazer, D. D. 

— Page 256, line 48, for (21—3) read (321— 3). — Page 340, line 44, for Riv. B. B. Drarw, 
J). D, read Rev. R. B. Drane, D. D. — Page 342, line 12, after Rebecca Hovey, insert, m. 
James B. Curwen, Feb. 3, 1848. — Page 396, column 2, line 75, read Richardson, Lydia, 9, 
99, so. — Same page, column 2, after line 75, insert Richardson, Mary. 26, 27. 

In Vol. n.— Page V, line 20, for 398, read 395. — Page 64, column 3, line 21, for 
Roger Goeldspced, read Roger Goodspeed. — Page 157, line 10, Mr. Endicott writes: "Ow- 
ing to different records conflicting with each other, some doubt is expressed in Vol. 2, p. 
157, as to who was the wife of Ensign David Peabodv, (7) 111. Since the publication of 
that account, I have received through the politeness of a gentleman at I'airhaven, positive 
proof that the wife who survived him, (for perhaps he may have married twice,) was Sarah 
Pope, of Dartmouth. Mass., as stated in the Boxford Records. She was the daughter of 
Seth Pope, a man of much consequence in his day, who left her at his decease, in 1727 T 
£469 — which legacy was settled by his Executor, Lemuel Pope, with her oldest son, 
Thomas Peabody, (53. — 1) 22 Dec. 1735." — Same page, line 40, for Louisa, read Lucy. 

— Page 196, line 6, for John Manton, read John Martin. — Same page, line 21, John Otis. See 
Vol. in. p. 274. — Page 229. column 1, line 20, for 1848, read 1847. — Same page, column 
1, line 50, for 1848, read 1847. — Page 308, line 7, for 1780, read 1700 —Page 368, line 46, 
for Keith, read Kiff. — Page 372. line 5, for Ebm Perkins, read Ezra Perkins. — Same page T 
line 12. Error. See Vol in p. 359. — Page 376, column 3, line 29. insert " lived on Boston 
Neck, R. /." — Page 378, line 30, for dan., read wife.— Page 379, line 13, for John Parker, 
read John Barker; line 34, after Andrew Allm, Jr., insert of Small Pox; line 35. after John 
Allen, insert of Small Pox — Page 395, line 30, for Hon. James Fitch, read Rev. James 
Fitch; line 33. for Barshuah. read Bathshiba; line 37, for Mr. Benjamin Church, read Rev. 
Benjamin Cotton; line 40, after 1699, insert m. Rev. William Gager; line 49, after 1736, 
insert m. an Ashley. — Page 396, line 1, for Sarah, read Tirzah; line 38. the children of 
Rev. John Taylor were, Elizabeth ; Jabez Terry J John } Harriet, m. Roderick Terry, Esq. T 
of Hartford; Henry Wyllys; Mary, m. Josiah Wright : Nathaniel Terry. 

In Vol. hi. — Page 58, line 43, for Copps, read Copp's. — Page 65, line 16, Mr. Bolt- 
wood writes, " I am sure that this woman's name is not Pope. The first letter is R, the 
second o, and the third c. Respecting the third letter I am somewhat in the dark. I think, 
however, it is either s or c. making the reading Rose or Rofc. (perhaps for Rolfe.y — Same 
page, line 17, for Unity Smylolary, read Ewm<e Sirrgletary ; liise 19, for Richard Margnn, 
read Richard Margin. — Page 66, line 15, for Elizabeth Ping, read Elizabeth Ring; line 22 f 
for Pctume Johnson, read Relume Johnson; line 33. for 9ber 21 1677. read 9bir 22 1677. — 
Page 67, line 15, for Daniel Ennes, read Daniel Eimes; line 25. for Andrew Peters and 
Elizabeth, read Andrew Peters and Elizabeth Farmim. — Page 68, line 11, for Elizabeth 
Merritt.Yenc] Elizabeth Merrill?; line 19, for Martha Farmim, read Tabitha Farnum — Page 
84, line 16, for Lezaia. read Lydia; line 39, for Lezaia. read Lydia. — Page 88 last line, 
for Jan. 1, 1810, read Jan 1, 1801. — Page 100, line 50, column 1, for 9 Oct.. read 12 0>t.- T 
line 51, column I, for Segar, read Segtr. — Page 108, line 7, for shot, read short. — Page 123, 
line 43, the reference to the note is misplaced. It should have been inserted after Lord, 
line 46. — Page 134. Note. A slight mistake. Lewis w r as grandfather of Cap! Nathaniel 
Hamblen, but not of Hon. Frederick Hamblen, whose paternal ancestor was Thomas Mr. 
Hamblen writes, with reference to his valuable articles on the " First Settlers of Barnstable,' r 
as follows: "I have published all the Births, Marriages, and Deaths, contained in the first 
book, of Records of Barnstable, and may, at some future day, give something more n — Page 
156, line 9, for Riard Hoffeeld, read Richard Haffeeld.— Vix^a 158. line 37, for Mr. Robert 
Say, read Mr. Hobert Lay. — Page J 59, line 3, for Mr. Robert Say., read Mr Rohirt Lay. — 
Page 182. at the end of note §, read ED. — Page 183, line 19, for Piase. read Piage. — Page 
188, line 44. column I, for 7 Oct. 1650, read 7 Oct. 1640 — Page 197, line 54. column 1, 
for Josiah, read Isaiah.. — Page 202, line 28, for Cochituate, read Cheihichowirk —Page 
212. line 31, for 1848, read 1849 —Page 233, last line, the autograph of Nathaniel Pease, 
accidentally omitted in this its appropriate place, will be found on page 3S0. — Pa^e 245 T 
line 37, column 3, for Zih.hc Marsh, read Zacke Marsh ; line 48. column 3, for Denid Ashley, 
rend David Ashly. — Page 246, line 5, column 1, for Ralph King, read Ralp Kirg: line 37, 
column 1, for Enos Kinsly, read Fmos Kmsly; line 28, column 2, for Nicholas Whihiarsh, 
read Nicholas Whifmarsh; line 34, column 2, for Nathan Smith, read No/havi Smi;h : line 
42. column 2. for Abijah Whitman, read Abjah Whitman. — Page 254, line 45. for Knowles, 
read Rolls; line 47. for Kuowles, read Roll*. — Page 257, line 27, for Maltphouse. read Matta- 
hanada — Page 279, line 19, for Mr. Thomas Watirman, read Mr. Thomas Watcnnan. — 
Page 282, line 42. after execution, insert a comma -^-Page 283. line 31, for any, read an. 
— Page 286. line 64, column 1, for Vinton, Mr. C. M., read Vinson, Mr. C. M., (Harv. Coll. 
1839 ) — Page 2S7, line 32, column 2. We are informed, upon perfectly reliable authority, 
that in the obituary notice of Rev. Svlvester Dana, as compiled from the work therein in- 
dicated, there arc several inaccuracies. Our limited space not allowing us to make the 
necessary corrections ;>t this time, we arc obliged to defer the matter until the next Number — 
Page 294 line 37. column 1. for 69, read 60; Hue \\,fov April 1780. read. April i 789. — Page 
336, note t, for 1727. rear! 1827. — Page 337, line 10, for no 9 on list, read [no 9 on list.] j 
line 43, for Superscribed, read [Superscribed ] — Page 352. line 49, for line 36, read tine 37 j 
line 50 for line 47, read line 48. — Page 392, line I, for Mr. Pease, read Judge Pease. 



PREFACE. 



■ i!i- -r 3 «:ir i* dra* and time, in it- • 

broughl ii" t" the | il a her* the 

( lenenlogical R< gUter to l<><.k back upon the field of bit 1 il bil 

i the Public, return thanks for the in I hich baa kept 

with bit iteps, and to crai • 
for the ensuing j < ar. 

1 1 it to tbe present Editor -- an unti 

olar favor —tin* return of thi.« mm < tion l>] 

He finds himself obliged, for tbe Brat time, to app 

the Register, to nio-t of whom li<- i- a -I i;n \plain hi-* conix 

tion with a irork, which has 1 the I hild of 
one far more worth) of the Editorial chair. 

In the month of January but lh< riber w I man 

of the Publishing Committee of tbe N I !! (j 

and tXrofficio Editor of th< G \\ Since that ppoint* 

ment he has devot nsid\ rable portion of hi> tim< - as 
he posM'ssrd, to tin' discharge of tic 

by the hope thai his efforts might not be entirely unsu ul, and that his 

labors might not be wholly un ible to an enl 1 community. 
Fortunate, indeed, must he consider himself, in having had the benefit of 

the counsel and aid of one, whose long ex] eminently qualified him 

for an adviser j one who, ai Publisher of the K ^ister, still continued to 

watch with anxious solicitude ovet the inter this fk\ I of his 

care. 

The first (Janoary) number of this year, was issued under the ansp 
of Mr. Drake. For the remaining three numbers — April, duly, and ( ksto- 
ber — the subscriber is alone responsible. Sufficient reason for the partic- 
ularity of this statement will be found in the fact, that the P 
been called to account for articles which he had never seen until they were 
in print, and been favored with comments, which, if made at all, should 
have been addn is< 1 to the Editor, 

And now, inasmuch as his good friend the Publisher reminds him thai 

lie should like to >ay a lew words to his patron-, tic Editor hastens, in con- 
clusion, to return his grateful acknowledgment- to all who have ifl any way 
lent him assistance ; and to assure them thai their kindness and attention 
will ever be remembered by their obedient >cr\ant, 

William Tiiaddel's Hasbis, 
Cambridge, Mass., 
Oct 1, 1849. 



OUR WORK. 



Having brought a third volume of the New England Historical, 
Genealogical, and Antiquarian Register to a close, a word or two 
may be expected from its Publisher to those patrons who have continued 
to sustain him thus far ; and so long as he has the privilege of saying what 
he pleases, it is his own fault whether he says nothing, or whether he speaks 
acceptably on the occasion. 

That we have not exactly satisfied ourself, we are free to confess. Ow- 
ing to circumstances which have occurred since we wrote our last preface, 
(to the second volume,) we have, in some measure, been compelled to de- 
part from the fundamental principles therein laid down ; and furthermore, 
circumstances are still such, that it is judged best not to make any new 
promises, that we may be sure not to break any : — but to say to our pa- 
trons, one and all, that so long as we continue our labors in this w r ay, we 
shall do all in our power to make the work what it should be ; namely, a 
TREASURY OF MATERIALS ; to which all the sons of New Eng- 
land may, with the utmost confidence, appeal, for the History and An- 
tiquities of their Ancestors. 

Whatever (if any thing) may be contained in the present volume not 
generally desirable, it is the humble opinion of the Publisher, that, as a 
whole, it will be one of the most permanent value. The complete list of 
Freemen from the records of the General Court of Massachusetts is no- 
where else to be found in print ; and we are persuaded that this feature of 
the volume alone will give it a value above the cost of the whole subscrip- 
tion of all the volumes thus far ; especially, as the accuracy of the list can- 
not be questioned, nay, will not be, guaranteed, as it is, by the name that 
accompanies it. 

It is not proposed to point out faults in what we have done, for we doubt 
not too many will readily present themselves to such as seek for them. We 
only desire to remind such co-workers, that while errors, mistakes, and omis- 
sions are easily detected, and easier denounced, it would become them quite 
as much, were they to give due credit for the many that have been avoided. 
Should any be disposed to complain that we have printed some genealo- 
gies in a more extended form than it will be expedient hereafter to do, we 
must in the present case reply, that it is not done at the expense of our 
subscribers, inasmuch as we have extended our number of pages to compre- 
hend them. The Publisher. 
Boston, 5G Cornhill, 
1 October, 1849. 



<; km; 11 A I. [NDEX. 





• .u.f. 


n. .1 
















111 


M .j 



I ' 1 ' « ■ 

Ami- ' M 

And 

riinrr. 'Jl" 11 

r of WW l ; 

117 
I 

Art I iii' n Jou 

\ 

« 

A \\ < ■ • 

1 

linn i /• •-. 1 1 

1 

iphii til N 

W illti.ii i: r, -. |i U 

281 _ . K< \ ftlnioi I 

i . . 112; M I . 1 1 i i:. % 

Thon I D. D.,1 10 

101 . !;• n w iliiuii BurklU, 111 ; 11 

Burr! • D 

l 

• irk. .11^ 
K. v Ji 

Do 12 ; E»rlj I 

I 

I ■ . Rci I r .n. . D I' 

Dank I i. 

i:.x John n i i I' I' 11 - K. ■. 
ii 
.•in I i;< \ .i.i,i 

• r. 110 . Hon Calrin !'• 
Lerl r 
107 ■ I 
» H-. I Raws -ii. _"1 HI ; I) 

I; H'illLui l 

-. 1 12 . Hon \\ ughton, 117 18; 

v: Ml 
H.iij i mi ii W adsworth, 121 . I. . - 
rd, 119 21 , K. i Daniel Wj 
■ 
m, Second Church i: unan to N 

port, R. I., 107 ; ( olm in'* ervlrw 

B a Almanac, Di< Mason's, 108 
i on Grammar School, l"".. I 

i Records, 38 i ' 126 7 247-8 

on w t'«-k ' 
Bralntree, Early Records of, 126-7,247-8 
Branfbrd, Conn., Karh Records of, 
Brattle Street Church, historical noticed of, 1 \ 

1 15 22, 22 I 8 I knan'sbeoj 
Bray, Vicar of, 70 
Break Genealogy, in progress. 11 
Bristol, Barreti - History 

Buryfog-Ground*. al \ n*a P int, 125; Coneord, 
Copp'i ihii. 58, 344; Goshen, N I 

Harwich, Eng 1".". Haverhill, 152; Salem, 

128-82, 276-8 ; Woburn, 46, 148,2 2 
Calamy's Ejected Ministers 

Cambridge, Earlj Records of, 248; Deaths in, 281-2 
Chartastown, Grammar School of, I 

minister in, 113 
Ohechichowick River Rawson's grant at, 
Cheererlan Education, 106 
Chemung, Battle of, 
Cherry Valley, burning of, 360 



110 

168 

. iriuila, 26 

! 

i 

: 

I 

- 

- i 
i 
i 

i 

I 

- 
Id 

i 

■ 
.,, ,„..»;. _-.-.• ih. ^ in.iii.- • i T.P. k I'J ItiUler, 

- 

I 

- 17 

i 

Gun] 

I 
men* i 1"7 ; r*irrt I> 

in Divinit) at, 114 ; !; 
tor to. 118 . W 1 19-20, 

t". 181, 228 . ' >lm u 
II 1st 3k« -44 

Houghton Bubble, hi 
Huron \ i I ■_•• . Indian Council 
Indian Charitj School, at Lebanon. 69, 61 ; Indian 

Com Uan r> • 

Sumi 

Indians Erobisher's intercourse vith, 15-16, 
their 

number of, in Middleboro', "JH ; mortal- 
Doong the, ! • en tbf 

ime and, 216-19 ; their food, 211 
the, pre li seizure of, at I 

N. II., and Its consequences, 256. 258, 260; 



VI 



General Index, 



Grindal Rawson preaches to the, 301 ; their re- 
sorts in Middleborough, 332 ; sell tlieir lands, 
333-4 ; and disappear. 335-0 ; their relics, 33 5 ; 
lands, &e., not to be purchased of, 338; anec- 
dote concerning, 383 ; surprise of, 399. See 
Praying Indians. 

Inscriptions. Bee Epitaph*. 

Ipswich Qnmmar School. 105 

Jersey Prison Ship. 293, 324 

Josselyn Family, additional note on the, 97 

Journal of the Pilgrims, Checver's, 282-4 

King Williams War, 258-61 

Last of the Signers, 168 

Lawrence Academy, Catalogue of, 284-5 

Laws, amendments of, 204 

Leaves from Margaret Smith's Journal. 405 

Loudon, Refugees iu, 82-3 

Longevity, 152 

Maine, events in the early history of, 250-61 ; His- 
tories of. by Greenleaf and Williamson, 313 

Maiden, Instructions to her Representative, 279-80 

Manifesto Church, origin of the name, 117 

Marietta, 0., early Physicians of, 47-55. 137-47 

Marriages and Deaths, 100-3, 195-200, 285-96, 406-8 ; 
in Andover, 65-8 

Martha's Vineyard, Pease's H story of, 398 

Maryland Gazette. 45 

Massachusetts, secretaries of, 202, 205 ; laws amend- 
ed, 204 ; and the King's Commissioners, 380 ; 
first line of stages and turnpike in, 392 

Massachusetts Quarterly Review, 100 

Memoir of the Wight Family, 404-5 

Memoirs, of Rev. Benjamin Coluian, 105-22, 220-32 ; 
Sir Martin Frobisher, 9-22 ; Maj. Charles Frost, 
249-62 : the Tully Family of Saybrook, 157-63 

Memorial of the Rawson Family, 201, 297, 301, 302, 
303. 304, 305, 309, 310, 311, 316, 323, 324, 326, 
327,405 

Merry Mount, a Romance, 405 

Miami Rapids, Indian Council at, 64 

Middlesex County, Ct., Field's History of, 159, 304 

Middlesex County, Mass., abstracts of Records in, 
181-3, 401 

Minnisink, attacked by the Indians, 61 

Moderuizers, a word to, 22 

Namasket, See Middleborough. 

Naomi, or Boston Two Hundred years Ago, 405 

Never Too Late, 232 

New England, growth of toleration in, 112 ; John- 
son's History of, 205 ; revolutions of govern- 
ment in, 207-8, 252-3, 258 ; Dermer's visit to, 
215 : first Representative Legislative Assemblies 
in, 341 

New England Freemen, 41-5, 89-96, 187-94, 239-46, 
345-52 

New England Primer, 209-11 

New England Version of the Psalms, 132 

New England's Jonas Cast up, &c, 41 

New Hampshire Register, Lyon's, 100 

New Haven Plantation Covenant, 105 

Newtown, battle of, 62-3 [17 

Northwest Passage, attempts to discover, 11, 13-14, 

Notices of New Publications, 97-100, 281-5,401-5 

Oath, Freeman's, in N. E., 41, 89-90 

Oath of Fidelity, list of persons who took, 401 

Obituary Notices, of Miss Elizabeth Abbott, 196 ; 
Jonathan Alder, 196 ; Dea. Francis Appleton, 

406 ; Dr. Moses Appleton, 406 ; Maj. William 
Ashley, 286-7 ; Rev. Daniel Baker, 183-4 ; Ben- 
jamin Bigolow, Esq , l%-7 ; Lot E. Brewster, 
Esq., 406-7 ; Hon. Peter C. Brooks, 401-3 ; Gen. 
Henry Burbeck, 101-2 ; Chas Chauncey. Esq., 

407 ; Rev. Sylvester Dana, 287-8 ; Samuel II. 
Davis, 288-9 ; Prof. James Dean, 197 ; Samuel 
N. Dickinson 102 ; Noah Drake, 197-8 ; Wil- 
liam Drake, 197 ; Hon. Timothy Farrar, 289- 
91 ; Mrs Sarah French, 292 ; Hon. Albert Gal- 
latin, 407 ; Frederick Hardwick, 407 ; Miss Sa- 
rah D. Harris, l!)8 ; David C. Hinman, 292; 
Jonathan Kidney, 292-3 ; Samuel Larkin, Esq., 
186 : David Loring, 196 ; Hon. Theodore Ly- 
man. Joy ; William Manning, 407-8 : Gen. John 
Mason, 108-9 ; Lieut Thomas .Mills. 199 ; Hon. 
David L. Morrill, 199: Benjamin Mulliken, 
293-4 ; Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, 103 ; Hon. 



Dutee J. Pearce, 294 ; Rev. John Pierce, 408 ; 
John Salmon, Esq., 199 ; Dea. Nath'l Simpson, 
294 : William J Snelling, 103 ; Mrs. Nancy C. 
Stearns, 295; John II. Stott, 408; Rev William 
B Tappan, 295; Tehoragwanegen, alias Thos. 
Williams, 103 ; Benjamin F Thompson, Esq., 
200 ; Mrs. Sarah '1 ra*k, 295 ; Mrs. Mary L. 
Wave. 296 ; Silas Warren. 296. 
Old South Church, in Boston, 107 
Order of the Gospel, by I. Matlier, 220 
Pascataqua, sketch of the early history of, 250-3 
Passengers for Virginia, 184, 388-90 
Pease's Point (Edgartown), 29 
Pecoit, Rawson's grant at, 202 
Pedigrees of Ashley. 2S6 ; Belcher, 281-2 ; Bigelow, 
196 ; Brooks, 401 ; Dana. 287 ; Deane. 199: Drake, 
197-8 ; Eddy'. 334 ; Farrar, 211-12 ; French, 292 ; 
Leverett. 106 : Lougee, 407 ; Otis, 103 J Pease, 
28; Perkins, 408; Plumer, 294 : Rawson, 201; 
Rolfe, 149 ; Smith, 295 ; Sullivan, 63 ; Taintor, 
155-6; Willard, 282 
Philip's War, 255-8 : origin of, 342-4 
Pilgrims of Plvmouth, their troubles with the In- 
dians, 216-19 
Pirates, capture of, 31 
Platform ot Church Discipline, 112, 115 
Plough Patent, so called, 251 
Plymouth, mills erected at, 378 
Poetry, 22. 33, 98, 106. 112, 168, 181, 281, 402, 407 
Portraits, 9. 105, 201, 297 

Praying Indians, Randolph's statements with re- 
gard to the, 206-7 
Presbyterians, See Congregationalists, 
Primer, New England, 209-11 
Proverbs, 87, 238 

Providence, Rawson Fountain Company at, 310 
Psalms, versions of the, 132-3 
Publications, Notices of New, 97-100, 281-5, 401-5 
Quakers, persecution of. 207 
Rawson Familv Bible, 201. 299 
Revolution in N. E. Justified, 208 
Roxbury Church and the Psalms, 132-3 
Schoharie, Indian ravages al, 63 
Shakers, of New Lebanon, N. Y., 234 
Sherburne, Morse's genealogy of inhabitants of, 212 
Signers, last of the, 168 
Small Pox Inoculation, 230 
Smith's Falmouth Journals, 385 
Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge, 228 
Society for Propagating the Gospel, 205, 206, 228, 301 
Spanish possessions, E.iglish expedition against, 

19-20 
Speed's " Historie of Great Britaine," 13 
Spirit of '76, 279-80 

Stow's "General Chronicle of England,'' 12 
Sudbury, Indians sell lands in, 183 
Suffolk County, Rawson Recorder of, 207 
Surnames, 278-9 

Swansea, vulgarly called Swanzey. 343 
Tate and Brady's Version of the Psalms, 132, 133 
The Year's Remembrances, 281-2 
Tory outrage, 235 

" Trinitie and Minion," voyage of, in 1536, 9 
Tully 's Almanacs, 159 
Virginia, visited by Frobisher, 20 : Passengers for, 

184, 388-90 
Walker on the Sufferings of the Clergy, 297 
Ware, Hyde's Hist. Address at, 98 
Welles, or Wells, Family, History of the, 98 
Westchester County, Bottom's Hist. of. 99 
Y\ eymouth. Early Records of, 71-2, 166, 269-70 
Whately, Temple's Ecclesiastical History of, 403-4 
Whcelock's Narrative of the Indian Charity School, 

59 
Will of Matthew Day, 181-2 : Richard Haffeeld, 156 : 
Elizabeth Pease, 170-1 : Brian Pendleton, 122- 
3 : Simon Stone, 182 
Wills, in Suffolk County, 77-82, 177-80, 265-8 
Wonder- n orking Providence of Sinn's Saviour, 205 
Woodbury. Conn., ancient deeds in, 69-70: Coth- 

ren's History of, 69 
Wyoming, Massacre of, 2S7, 315 : Dana's History of, 

288 
Yale College, 229 
Year's Remembrances, The, 281-2 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. III. JANUARY, 1849. NO. I. 



MEMOIRS OF SIR MARTIN FROBISHER, KNIGHT. 

153G to 1594. 

One of the most determined, resolute, and practical men of the time of 
Queen Elizabeth was Martin, afterwards SIR MARTIN FROBISH- 
ER.* But we scarcely know which we should most admire, the man who, 
through a period of fifteen years, struggled with adversity and all kinds of 
disappointments before he could find himself able to undertake a voyage of 
discovery, or the man who travelled two hundred mi/csj (in those days) to 
learn the truth of such discoveries, that he might be enabled to transmit an 
account of them to posterity. 

It is often the case that great men who have been benefactors of man- 
kind, have gone off the stage without leaving behind them any key to their 
parentage or ancestry. Many took no pains to transmit any account of 
themselves, while many others may have left accounts, but which, owing to 
some one of numerous accidents, have been lost or destroyed. And thus 
Martin Frobisiier comes to us late in life, as is judged, without telling 
us whence he came; and when he leaves us, his death is merely mentioned 
by the chroniclers, because they could not well avoid it. 

It is pretty certain that Frobisher was born in or near DoneasterJ in 

* Like almost every other name which would admit of permutations, that of Frobisher 
was in early times written with great variation : hut there is probably little douht, it' any, 
that the name was originally derived from the occupation of a polisher of arms. It was 
most probahly imported from France. A sword-cutler is called in that country a fourbis- 
sew. Hence the name was of old often written Furbisher, which was more correct than 
that which obtained. 

t Hakluyt's Voyages, iii. 169-70. Hakluyt himself tells us that he made sucli a jour- 
ney to learn an account of the voyage of " The Trinitie and Minion" in 1536, "set forth 
by Master Hore of London," upon discoveries in the North. Hakluyt made his journey 
of two hundred miles to see the only survivor of the voyage, of the termination of which 
he thus speaks : " They arrived at S. Ives in Cornwall about the ende of October, from 
thence they departed unto a certain castle belonging to Sir John Luttrelh where M [aster] 
Thomas Buts, and M. Rastall, and other gentlemen of the voyage, were very friendly en- 
tertained; after that they came to the Earl of Bathe at Bathe, and thence to Bristol, "so to 
London. M. Buts was so changed in the voyage with hunger and miserie, that Sir Wil- 
liam his father, and my Lady his mother, knew him not to be their sonne. until they found 
a secret mark, which was a wart upon one of his knees, as he told me, Richard Hakluyt 
of Oxford, himself; to whom I rode 200 miles to learn the whole trueth of this voyage 
from his own mouth, as being the onely man now [about 1589] alive that was in this dis- 
coverie." The voyage spoken of was to Newfoundland. We use the edition of Hakluyt in 
5 vols., 4to, 1809-12. 

J So named from its situation upon the Don or Dun-, hence Don Castle was originally 
understood, that is, the castle upon the Don The castle has long been in ruins. The 

1 



10 Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobisher, Knight. [Jan. 

Yorkshire, and there seems to be a pretty strong probability that he was a 
son of Francis Frobisher, who, as early as 1535, was mayor of that place. 

Martin Frobisher belongs to American biography and history as 
much as he does to those of England. By his firmness, perseverance, and 
enterprise, the discovery and settlement of North America were vastly pro- 
moted. And notwithstanding his great services, we may look in vain for 
anything like a tolerable biography of him, although his name is found in 
the ordinary and common dictionaries of biography and naval memoirs. 

We have nothing that enables us to state with any degree of certainty 
the time of his birth ; but from some circumstances it is thought to have 
been about the year 1536. If that date be about right, then Frobisher was 
about forty years of age in 1576, the year he undertook his discoveries into 
the American seas. He must have been full forty at this time, or he must 
have been very young when he conceived of the undertaking; for we are 
assured by Hakluyt, his cotemporary, that he had been upon the enterprise 
fifteen years before he was able to set out in it. 

That Frobisher belonged to a family of respectability there is no doubt. 
In one of the earliest mentions we find made of him, he is styled "gentle- 
man," which never was bestowed on ordinary persons in his time. Between 
1560 and 1570 he was appointed a commissioner of the coal trade. Such 
abuses were practised at that time in the sale of coal, that a petition to the 
queen, setting forth the "greate deceit that is used aboute the measuring of 
sea coales in New Castell and elsewhere throughout Yorkshire, by the bell- 
men and others, to the greate damage of manie," desiring her "to graunte 
letters patents to Martyr? Furbusher. gentleman, and Kicharde Morley of 
London, gentleman," was set on foot.* 

We hear nothing further of him till 1572, at which time he was residing 
at Lambeth. While there overtures seem to have been made to him to aid 
in the liberation of the Earl of Desmond, then a prisoner in England, but 
no steps appear to have been taken by him to further the design, and it was 
suspended. 

The next year, 1573, there was a rumor, probably without any real 
foundation, that k, Furbisher was allured by certaine decayed men" into a 
conspiracy they had formed of joining one Thomas Stukely in Spain, where 
they were to collect followers and invade the English in Ireland. Al- 
though the plot was partially carried out, we hear nothing further implicat- 
ing Frobisher. 

What has been said of men by cotemporaries is generally interesting, 
though often to be taken with much allowance. We shall therefore give 
what several of Frobisher's cotemporaries have said about him, and as 
Camden is more full than any of them within our knowledge, his account 
shall be given first, and in his own words. As for Stow and Speed, they 
are very brief, especially the latter ; and the former appears to have hur- 
ried over his notice ; and as though aware he was doing so, he makes 

church of Doneaster is famous for a monument with what our author calls an uncouth in- 
scription, to the memory of Robert Byrks, a benefactor to the town. It is in these words: 
How, how, v;ho is heave ? That I spent, that I had, 

I Kobin of Doncastre That Igaue. that I haue 

And Margaret my Feare. That I left that I lost 

A. D. 1597. 
Quoth Robertns Byrks. who in this World did reign 
Three score years 4" seven, <Sf yet liued not one. 

Magna Britannia, vi. 429. 
* Wright's " Queen Elizabeth and her Times, i. 222. 



1 s !'.♦. I V Sir 31 I / 11 

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rrnd I ilhrr, Vail r H I H . i Dinioilir, in 

ul l.ii'jihh \n\;i'ji\." v. 

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tli.- 

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and so ill'- Wealtl and W 

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new call 1/ 

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Promontory, about S 

S 
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1/ • • / ' Pinnaces I 

ting ou( // 

a 13 S I 

with black Hair, I I 

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lost fil S t-m.ii. n !<• i 

two next fol I ! 

prise : but being incou ■ ■ 1 1 I 

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up and down w ith fow 1 w 

rc.it quantity ol S which !»•• thou 

turned homewards : which S 
oth< x I ,11 could be 

* When Stow (akluvt had • 
that of i 

Wt know nor thai the nai 
of Furbush, Furber, &c., which may ha 
rare in England. So lati 
immense cauldron of aim in its 

thai yeai The only dm 
count of a shocking 1 1 

daughter of J iq i / ih in endeavourii 

rescue her child from the Bam< - Capt. E. J O'Bi St I 

of Dcv., ii. 208. 



12 3Iemoirs of Sir Martin Frobisher, Knight. [Jan. 

the High-ways. But these matters are published at large and every where 
to be sold."* 

As has been remarked, the account of Frobisher by Stow is very brief, 
but brief as it is, it seems to have been about all that is known of him, aside 
from the narrations of his maritime expeditions. It is in this : 

"Martin Frobusher, borne neere Doncaster, in Yorkesliire, in his youth gaue him- 
selfe to Nauigation, he was the first Englishman that discoured the North way to 
China, and Cathay, and at his first discourie of the way to Cathay at which time for 
tryall of what he could find there, brought thence a black soft stone like sea coalc, 
supposed to be gold, or siluer Oare, & in that perswasion made two seuerall voyages 
againe to Cathaye, bringing with them great quantitie of the sayd supposed Oare, 
the which after due tryall & much expence prooued not worth anything, neither fit 
for any vse, a great quantity of which stuffe was layed in the nursery at Darford, no 
man regarding it, he was vice-admirall to Sir Francis Drake, at the winning of 
Saint Domingo, Saint Iago, Carthagena, and Saint Augustine 

Ilee did great seruice in the yeere one thousand Hue hundred eightie and eight, 
ypon the inuincible Spanish Armado, for which he was Knighted, after that nee was 
General of tennc ships, to keepe Brcst-hauen in Britainc, where the Spaniardcs nccre 
thereunto had strongly fortified themselucs, in whose extirpation he did speciall ser- 
uice by Sea and Land, and was there shotte into the side with a Musket, the wounde 
not mortall, he liued vntill hce came to Plimmouth, through the negligence of his 
surgeon that onely tooke out the Bullet, not sufficiently searched the Wound, to take 
out the Bombaste strucke in with the shotte the sore festered, whereof he dyed,t & 
was buried in Plimmouth, he was very valiant, yet harsh & violent.' ? + To these 
facts thus briefly stated we shall have occasion again to refer. The account 
of Speed, being short, it follows entire : 

" For the searching and vnsatisfied spirits of the English, to the great 
glory of our Nation, could not be contained within the bankes of the Med- 
iterranean or Leuant Seas, but that they passed farre, towards botli the 
Articke and Antarticlce Poles, inlarging their trades into the West and 
East Indies : to the search of whose passage, that worthy Sea-Captaine Sir 

* Camden, Annals of Elizabeth, 215-16. In another account it is said that in his first 
voyage, "one of his Company bringing back with him a large Piece of the said black Stone, 
much like Sea-coal, carried it to the refiners of Gold, who extracted from it so great a 
quantity of Gold, that they gave it the name of Gold Ore; which encouraged him to load 
his Ships with it, though it proved to no Purpose." — Mag. Brit., vi. 430. It seems likely 
that the alchemists deceived Frobisher and his friends, or he would not have brought a sec- 
ond quantity of the same kind of stone. It is difficult too to see what object they could 
have had in view. "Yet (says Fuller) will no wise man laugh at his mistake, because in 
such experiments they shall never hit the mark who are not content to miss it." Perhaps 
adventurers were slow for such an undertaking, and the gold story may have been con- 
trived to quicken them. 

t Fuller, in his Worthies of England, had evidently nothing but this account of Stow 
from which to make one for his work, but he seldom fails to add something to every thing 
he takes up, which increases its interest. "Swords and guns (he says) have not made 
more mortal wounds than probes in the hands of careless and skill-less chirurgeons, as 
here it came to pass." 

\ u Annates, or A Generall Chronicle of England. Begun by Iohn Stow. Continued 
and Augmented with matters Forraigne and Domestique, Ancient and Moderne, vnto the 
end of this present yeere, 1631." p. 809. We give the entire title-page of Stow, except 
the " horid pictures," which seem to have frightened it into an exceeding small space upon 
the verge of the lower margin, as though it would gladly escape such company. Yet to 
us the whole title-leaf of the venerable old volume is most gratifying ; and how Dibdin 
could say " it was enough to give a man the cholic to behold it," is beyond our compre- 
hension. However, even antiquaries must be allowed sometimes to indulge in a conceit 
where the real truth cannot be mistaken. The imprint of Stow is Londini, Impensis 
Richardi Meighen, 1631. Folio, 1087 pages, and an index of about 100 pages. 



• 1. 1 V u / 

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the 

collection, : 

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by chance out W I to J 

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V8 tO ( 

said in the Sir Ireland) in 

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Ml MORI! 

And lu-w the S 

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of the White Hi I tgi .A In- 

dex, of abont 20" 

I DiNOMTM written by Sir Humphrey < y tlie 

N 



II 













14 Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobisher, Knight, [Jan. 

eight yeeres before his then comming into Ireland, told him there, that he 
came from Mar del Sur into Germany through this Northwest passage, and 
shewed Saluaterra (at that time being then with him in Mexico) a Sea 
Card* made by his owne experience and trauell in that voyage, wherein 
was plainly set down and described this Northwest passage, agreeing in all 
points with Ortelius mappe." 

To give the greater credibility to his statement, Yrdanetaf [Urdeneta] 
stated that he had communicated an account of the discovery to the king of 
Portugal, and that the king charged him not to make it known to any na- 
tion. Because if the English knew it, " it would greatly hinder bothe the 
King of Spaine and me." 

Another account^ of a similar kind was afterwards promulgated, which 
produced the same encouraging effect. It states that one Thomas Cowles, 
an English seaman of Badminster in Somersetshire, made oath, that being 
some six years before (1573) in Lisbon he heard one Martin C/iacque, a 
Portuguese mariner, read out of a book which he had published six yeares 
before that, that twelve years before, (1556) he, Chacque, the author of it, 
had set out of India for Portugal, in a small vessel of the burthen of about 
eighty tons, accompanied by four large ships, from which he was separated 
by a westerly gale ; that having sailed among a number of islands he en- 
tered a gulf, which conducted him into the Atlantic, in the 59th deg. of 
latitude, near Newfoundland, from whence he proceeded without seeing any 
more land till he fell in with the northwest part of Ireland, and from thence 
to Lisbon, where he arrived more than a month before the other four ships 
with which he set out.§ 

We leave the reader now to form his own opinion of the influences which 
may have acted upon the mind of Frobisher, which caused him to under- 
take " the only thing of the world that was left yet vndone,"|| and proceed 
to give a summary of his voyages. 

Full journals of all Frobisher's three voyages are contained in Hakluyt; 
the first of which, " written by Christopher Hall, Master in the Gabriel," 
thus commences : 

"The 7. of Iune [1576] being Thursday, the two Barks, viz. the Gabriel, 
and the Michael, of which M. [aster] Matthew Kinderslye was Captaine, 
and our Pinnesse set saile at Ratcliffe, and bare down to Detford, [Dept- 
ford] and there we ancred : the cause was, that our Pinnesse burst her 
boultsprit, and foremast aboard of a ship that rode at Detford, else wee 
meant to have past that day by the Court then at Grenewich. 

"The 8. day being Friday, about 12 of the clocke we wayed at Detford, 
and set saile all three of vs, and bare dowme by the Court, where whe shotte 
off our ordinance and made the best show we could ; Her Maiestie Behold- 
ing the same, commended it, and bade vs farewell, with shaking her hand 
at vs out of the window. Afterward shee sent a gentleman aboard of vs, 
who declared that her Maiestie had good liking of our doings, and thanked vs 
for it, and also willed our Captaine to come the next day to the Court to 
take his leaue of her." 

* Charts went by this name at that time. 

t The same, we are told by John Barrow, F. R. S., (afterwards Sir John Barrow. Knight, 
not the present Sir John Barrow of the Admiralty office, but his father,) who accompanied 
Magelhanes in his voyage. 

\. Barrow, ut supra, pronounces it " utterly false." 

\ A Chronological Hist, of Voyages into the Arctic Regions, §c. By John Barrow, F. R. 
S-, (before cited) pp. 80, 81. 

U Hakluvt, iii. 86. 



1 - 1' 1 . 1 '/ M \ 

particu I ry appears in th( 

i|. . i weighed al ( ri n\ i send, bul il was pro I 

on Tuesday it is recorded, ''being ouer i I .-<l 

the latitude, w Inch was •"» I . •;■ I om- 

1 i . de nd ;i halfe." I oi the tweli 

noted* ( m the I I th of July, 

land of Friesland bearing from va West northwest 1G. 
like pinacli ""1 all i 1 !• 

was 61 deg. ' ■ \« ■ d find i 

fathoms, w •■ liois< 'I out our md tin ( 

the shoare to gel "•'> laud, bul the land I 
on land, and so th< 

I robisher >w in gn i al da 

onward in bid and <mi the I 1 th • \ , in latii 

nun . h<- di I and entei I 

bis name ( to the 1 1th of I he - une month 
where w e u 

..• from the w ales \ pward, and look ii 

Before discovering the sti rhich bear his i with 

-i\ eral i n ing 

rcome, w ithoul changing i heir purpose . W 
I'i i- dand " be lost company of his small pinm 

it gtorme he supposed t<> be -wallow.-.: lost 

onely four nun. Al~<> the other barke named 

matter conueyed thcmselues priuil) awaj with 

greul report that he a as cast - 

•• The won liv captaii Ii hi-* 

mast was sprung, and his toppe mast i'i 
weather, continued his course lowai northw< 

at length must ne< ds ha> e an < n< 
ginning that way." 

lint we ha i his entry into the straits. 

•ii. s into the Bame, he tn ent on and found - 

b< en made. 1 !«• saw might , h hich 

ranne at him, and hardly lie ■ I with 

he was faine to vs< e and policy U ■ 

The details and particulars of this firs! voi . we have com- 

prehended them almost entirely, thufi I I lining part ts of 

an account of the [ndians, and what occurred between them and thi 1 
lish, and is of an exceedingly interesting character; i 
best to comprehend that also. 

•• In this place | where Frobisher so narrowly escaped from tin* deerl he 
saw and perceiued svndry tokens of the | ing thithi \ml 

being ashore vpon the top of a hill, he perceiued a number of small thi 
fleeting in the sea atari-.' off, which he supposed to be | or 

some kinde of Btrange fish; but coming neerer, he dis them to be 

• Bul in " Master George Best's" account of Frobisber's says, 

" He (Frobisher) departed vpon the Bayd voyage from I l5of Inne anno 

Domini 1576." There can be no rlonbt die old journal is right, ai ! that though " Mi 
George Host, a Gentleman employed in the Bame < |lI "» ac- 

count it is not a more correct one. 

\ Which was aNo accompanied with an extreame 1 - doable L r ;n-<1 to that Hand 

(vncertaine weather [whether] to fortifie it, or to imprison — Porches'* His Pil- 

grimage, 739. 



16 Memoirs of /Sir Martin Frobisher, Knight. [Jan. 

men in small boats made of leather. And before he could descend downe fro 
the hill, certaine of those people had almost cut off his boat from him, hauing 
stolen secretly behinde the rocks for that purpose, where he speedily hasted 
to his boat, and bent himselfe to his halberd, and narrowly escaped the dan- 
ger and saued his boat. Afterwards he had sundry conferences with them, 
and they came aboord his ship, and brought him salmon and raw flesh and 
fish, and greedily deuoured the same before our mens faces. And to shew 
their agility, they tried many masteries vpon the ropes of the ship after our 
mariners fashion, and appeared to be very strong of their armes and nimble 
of their bodies." " After great curtesie. and many meetings, our mariners, 
contrary to their captaines direction, began more easily to trust them ; and 
fiue of our men going ashore were by them intercepted with their boat, and 
were neuer since heard of to this day againe : so that the captaine being 
destitute of boat, barke, and all company, had scarcely sufficient number to 
conduct backe his barke againe. He could now neither conuey himselfe 
ashore to rescue his men (if he had been able) for want of a boat ; and 
againe the subtile traitours were so wary, as they would after that neuer 
come within our mens danger. The captaine notwithstanding desirous to 
bring some token from them of his being there, was greatly discontented 
that he had not before apprehended some of them ; and therefore to deceiue 
the deceiuers he wrought a prety policy ; for knowing wel how they greatly 
delighted in our toys, and specially in belles, lie rang a pretty cowbell, mak- 
ing signes that he would giue him the same that would come and fetch it, 
And beeause they would not come within his danger for feare, he flung one 
bell vnto them, which of purpose he threw short, that it might fall into the 
sea and be lost. And to make them more greedy of the matter he rang a 
louder bell, so that in the end one of them came nere the ship side to receiue 
the bel ; which when he thought to take at the captaines hand, he was there- 
by taken himself: for the captaine being readily prouided let the bell fall, 
and caught the man fast, and plucked him with maine force boat and all 
into his barke out of the sea. Whereupon when he found himselfe in 
captivity, for very choler and disdaine he bit his tongue in twaine within his 
mouth : notwithstanding he died not thereof, but liued vntil he came in 
England, and then he died of eold which he had taken at sea. 

" Now with this new pray (which was a sufficient witnesse of the cap- 
taines farre and tedious trauell towards the- vnknowen parts of the world, 
as did well appeare by this strange infidell, whose like was neuer seene, 
read, nor heard of before, and whose language was neither knowen nor vn- 
derstood of any) the sayd captaine Frobisher returned homeward, and ar- 
riued in England in Harwich the 2 of October following, and thence came 
to London 157G, where he was highly commended of all men for his great 
and noble attempt, but specially famous for the great hope he brought of the 
passage to Cataya."* 

The notion that gold ore had been discovered in this voyage has been 
adverted to. A seaman by the name of Hall brought home a stone, which 
from its singular dark color had attracted his attention. This stone acci- 
dentally fell into the hands of some sailor's wife, who threw it into the fire. 
After it was heated she poured vinegar on it, and "it glistened with a bright 
marqueset of gold." Thence it went into the hands of an assayer of met- 
als, and the result we have before stated. 

* " He had taken possession of the Countrey in right of the Queene, and commanded his 
company to bring euery one somewhat, in witnesse of the same. One brought a peece of 
blacke Stone, like a Sea-coaie, which was found to hold Gold in good quantity."— Purchas, 
739. 6 . * 



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by an ignorant wi li I wai 

Salmon of La .!';•" — I . 






18 Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobisher , Knight. [Jan. 

that it was all a sham on the part of the Indians, by which they hoped to 
gain some advantage over their bold and troublesome enemy. 

Upon this affair with the Indians Pcrchas has this passage: "The 
English had some encounter with the inhabitants, which were of so fierce 
and terrible resolution, that finding themselves wounded, they leapt off the 
Rockes into the Sea, rather than they would fall into the hands of the Eng- 
lish. The rest fled. One woman, with her child, they tooke and brought 
away. They had taken another of the Sauages before. This Sauage had 
before, in the Ship seene the Picture of his Countryman, taken the yeere 
before, thought him to be aliue, and began to be offinded that he would not 
answer him ; with wonder thinking, that our men could make men Hue and 
die at their pleasure. But strange were the gestures and behauiour of this 
man and the woman, when they were brought together ; which were put 
into the same cabin, and yet gaue such apparent signes of shamefastnesse 
and chastity, as might be a shame to Christians to come so far short of 
them." 

The letter intended for the Jive men was dated on '-Tuesday morning the 
7th of August, 1577." Having dispatched this Frobisher waited therea- 
bouts for a return of his messengers till the 22d. None came, and as the 
season was getting late, and as his commission was for procuring gold ore 
rather than the further discovery of a passage to the Pacific Ocean, he set 
about loading the ships with such dirt and stones as could be found, (calling 
it ore,) then making bonfires on a high mount in an island where they now 
were, he fired a volley for a farewell, in honor of the Lady Anne, Countess 
of Warwick, (for whom he named the island,) and then set sail for England. 

Thus ended Frobisher's second voyage, unprofitable in every point of 
view ; dishonorable, even, in some points, and disgraceful in others. The 
vessels were separated on their return voyage by a storm, but they all ar- 
rived at different ports in Great Britain, with the loss of but one man by 
sickness, and one was washed overboard. The name of the latter was Wil- 
liam Smith, 4i a young man, a very sufficient mariner," who was master of 
the Gabriel The Indian captives are presumed to have been set at liberty 
in their own country. 

frobishek's third voyage. 

Notwithstanding the result of the second voyage of Frobisher, the Court 
seem to have been highly delighted with the report brought by those con- 
cerned in it, and (no doubt before trial was made of the ore) immedi- 
ately determined that the voyage should be succeeded by another with all 
dispatch. The Queen gave the name Meta Incognita to the country vis- 
ited, and it was resolved that a colony should be sent out to inhabit there. 
No one of course thought of any man but Frobisher to conduct the colony 
to its destined country. 

Accordingly fifteen ships were got ready, and one hundred persons were 
selected as settlers. They were to remain a year, and to retain for their 
use three of the ships. The rest of the fleet were to return with cargoes of 
gold ore. Frobisher was now constituted General and Admiral, and re- 
ceived from the queen a gold chain, and his captains were allowed to kiss 
her Majesty's hand. 

Frobisher sailed on his third voyage from Harwich, May 30th, 1578. In 
this voyage many of his old companions were found by his side. Capt. 
Fenton was his Lieut. General ; York, Best, Carew, Filpot, and many oth- 
ers, old captains in the former voyages were also there. They had a most 
perilous voyage, the ships were scattered, and one, which had on board the 



1 - : f Sir M I 

I 
l 

'. . 
tii- in t< < SN 

( V, ! 

N 
I 

i i 

I 

. 
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uj> ; S 

S 

■ 
us to tl i 'llll II* II.. 

\\ I •! 

• II I . l.\ • 
among .-ill run 

\ inilainU In S 

. 

admiration of all i 
cability th< - \ 

il<»ulit DOi of ■ 

required. 

In 1585, Philip IJ 
embargo on ;ill t! 
porta, Win i eupon one oi U 

of England was prepared lo reduo S Souths 

the ^ est Indies, I : ■ 
huo amen and S i I s Drai 

. I.iUuvt. iii. 112. 

v ....;' torn •• b *om t ^ 



20 Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobisher, Knight. [Jan. 

appointed General and Admiral, Capt. Martin Frobisher Vice Admi- 
ral, Francis Knolles Kear Admiral, and Christopher Carleill Was 
Lieutenant General of the land forces. 

The accounts of this expedition, while they give our Admiral due credit 
in general terms, give us no particulars or incidents with which to elucidate 
his biography. The particular history of the enterprise belongs to the life 
of Drake. Suffice it to say, it was completely successful. St. Jago, Car- 
thagena, St. Domingo, and St. Augustine were reduced, a spoil of £60,000 
in money was taken, two hundred brass and forty iron cannon were brought 
to England. 

The time employed in this expedition was about ton months. The fleet 
sailed on the 14th of September, 1585, and returned to England the 28th 
of July, 1586. After Drake and Frobisher had taken St. Augustine in 
Florida, they sailed to Virginia, whore, finding the colony in distress, they 
took the people into their ships, at their request, and carried them to Eng- 
land. In the voyage with Drake. Frobisher commanded a ship called the 
Primrose. 

We next meet with Capt. Frobisher early in 1588. The war with Spain 
was approaching a crisis. The great struggle was between papist and 
protestant. Complete annihilation of the heretics of England was confidently 
anticipated by all papal Europe. Frobisher was one among the foremost 
who stood up to breast the threatened -term. Philip had prepared an im- 
mense navy with which to attack England. To this lie gave the name of 
the Invincible Armada* Lord Howard was the nominal commander of the 
English fleet, and in writing tothe queen he mentions Frobisher ami others 
as "men whom the world doth judge of the greatest experience that this 
realme hath." 

"When the Spanish fleet arrived on the English coast, it Was drawn up 

in order of battle. Frobisher was en.- of the three commanders who in the 
most undaunted manner began the attack upon it. His separate achieve- 
ments are but. indifferently reot rded, but in hi- first onset a sensible impres- 
sion was made on the Spanish galeons; some being crippled and oth 

dispersed. Soon after, the English fleet was divided into squadrons, the 
command of one of which was given t<. Frobisher. Such were his immedi- 
ate services, that the Lord Bigh Admiral knighted him on hoard of his OWH 

ship, as he did also ('apt. John Hawkins at the same time. He was one 
of the very few knights created during this memorable invasion by the 

Spaniards, if indeed there were any others made during the expedition, 
saving himself and his valiant companion in armsjust mentioned. 

The naval operations of the English against the Armada commenced in 
May and ended in August The discomfiture of the Spaniards was a 

complete. Out of one hundred and thirty-four sail (ninety-one of which 
were immense ships, then called "galleons") only t'hirtij-thrce ever returned 
to Spain. In men their loss was more deplorable; upwards of thirteen 
thousand five hundred either fell in battle, perished by famine, or were 
swallowed up by shipwreck ! 

The rejoicing in all parts of England at this signal deliverance was un- 
bounded; shows, bonfires, and proce-ion- lasted many days. The Streets 
of London were decorated in the most superb manner that could be devised 
to honor the heroes who walked in proud procession along them. Fro- 
bisher was conspicuous there — it was the proud day of his life.* 

* Those who would have a correct idea of those doings and days would do well to read 
Strype's .account of them in his Annals. 






' / 






'■...• •• \. . I . . 



tri 
it.. • 






I ! 



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« nl «Acr oxvl rermli< 









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ark. 



22 A Word to Modernizers. [Jan. 

on the South ; and this lasted from Noon till four of the clock. At length 
the English made themselves Masters of the Western Work, and Thomas 
de Parades, the commander of the Spaniards, being slain, entered the Fort, 
plucked down the Spanish Flags, and opened an entrance for the rest, who 
put the Garrison Souldiers, in number about 400, to the Sword, and laid 
the Fort level with the Ground." " Neither was this Victory gotten by 
the English without Bloud ; many valiant Souldiers being slain, and Sir 
Martin Forbisher wounded with a small shot in the hip, who brought back 
the Fleet to Plymouth, and there died. A valourous and stout man he was, 
and to be reckoned among the famousest men of our age for Counsell and 
Conduct, and Glory gotten by Navall Exploits, as what I haue before 
spoken of him plainly appeareth." 

There is an entry in the register at Plymouth of his death, but no monu- 
ment any where to his memory. His body, after being embowelled, (a cus- 
tom of those days) was sent to London for interment. A portrait of him is 
said to be in the picture gallery of Oxford. There was an engraved por- 
trait of him published a few years after his death, and is contained in the 
Heroology. It is from this we have caused our copy to be taken. We 
have no doubt of its faithfulness, and it fully justifies the character given of 
him by the early writers. 

Although the name of Frobisher is not less poetical than many others 
often met with in poetry, yet we scarcely remember to have met with his 
above two or three times in our limited reading of that class of authors. 
Among the commendatory effusions poured out upon Captain John Smith, 
and published in his curious book of "Trvc Travels, Adventvres," &c, our 
discoverer comes in for a share, in the following lines: 

From far fetcht Indies, and Virginia's Boyle, 
Here Smith is come to shew his Art and skill. 
He was the Smith that hammered famina foyle, 
And on PowhatarCt Eraperour had his will. 

Though first Columbus, Indies true Christofcr; 
Cabots braue Florida, much admirer; 
Meta Incognita, rare Martin Frobisher; 
Gilberts brane Humphrey, Neptanes deuonrer; 
Captaine j&madis } Raleight diseourer; 
Sir Ricliard Grenvxll, '/.elands hrane coaster: 
Drake, doomes, drowne, death. Spainee scorner; 
Gosnolds Relates. Frtng prime observer. 
Though these be gone, and left behinde a name, 
Yet Smith is here to An vile out a peece 
To after Ages, and eternall Fame, 
That we may haue the golden Iasons fleece. 
He Vulcan like did forge a true Plantation, 
And chain'd their Kings to his immortall glory; 
Restoring peace and plentie to the Nation, 
Regaining honor to this worthy Story. 



A "WORD TO MODERNIZERS. 

The old style of composition, without the old mode of orthography to con- 
vey its meaning, is a falsification of the times of the original. To alter an 
original to suit modern orthography is to bastardize a performance ; such is 
neither the original author's production, nor can the modernizer with de- 
cency claim it. It always reminds us of that couplet of Pope, beginning 
"As heavy mules are neither horse nor " 



1-- 



/ • li'» • /' 






... 






I 



I 

I 


















I 



ill 






i; 



'•' 



I! 

I 









1 1 



1 



v. 









i 

1 

resent ••■ 

I 
shal '_*i\.- nol Govern' & < 

industry '1<><- n qui 

- & 
I I | 



24 Indian War Papers, [Jan. 

You shall from time to time give intelligence of all occurrences of mo- 
ment to Major Walderne, & my selfe, & as much as may be w 010 " 1 preju- 
dice of the service advise w th Major Walderne & the Gentelmen of Ports- 
mouth upon whom you must principally depend for your present supplyes 
[Then follows in another hand :] 

for Charles Frost 

These ar the Instructions Received from y e Maj r Generall at the same 
time as his Comiss of Aprill 1677 & delivered to him the 13 th according 
to order 

Yours Rob* Pike 

Serg* 
III. 
To Capt Charles Frost 
You are hereby Required in his Maj ties name to Impresse six able Soul- 
diers either of yo r Own town or others compleatly flitted w th Armes & Am- 
unition to Attend y e Service of y e Country in yo r Garrison or otherwise as 
you shall see meet, & this shall be yo r sufficient War" from 

Richard Waldern Serget maior 
2: May 1677 

IV. 
Province 

of Mayne. To Major Charles Ffrost 

Instructions as followeth. 
Pursuant to the Comission signed, & bearing same date with these 
p'sents 

You are with all care & speed to hasten gathering of your Soldjers to- 
gether, and in case Cap 4 . Simon Willard be in any wise disinabled that he 
can* attend y* service you are to comissionate such other meet person as 
you shall Judge meet. &; appoynt all other officers as you shall have occa- 
sion. 

You shall in all places & by all wayes & meanes to your power take, 
kill, & destroy y e enemy without limitation of place or time as you shall 
have opportunity. & you ar also impowred to comissionate any other 
person or persons to do the like. 

You shall carefully inspect all the Garisons in y r Province, & reduce 
them to such a number, & appoynt such places as shall in yo r wisdome 
most conduce to the preservation of the people, & y* y e great charge now 
expended for y e same may be abated. 

Comitting you to y e Co & pe 

of God almighty upon whom you 

have all yo r dependance 

I subscribe 
Ffeb. 17. 1689. Yo r Loveing friend 

Tho: Danforth. Presid*. 
[Along the margin is written] 

I have prevailed with IA Andrews to come back esteemeing him a fitt 
man for your IA and I would y* you accordingly enterteyn him. 
[Superscription.] 

To Maio r Charles 

Ffrost in 
P. IA Andros Q. D. C. Kittery 



Mm Wk /''. n. 

s 

w;irr beld il tl»« 
nu'ii Church, ' S D Cu|«i I 

EL < s.i' ". 

I (i heire M 

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Souhlicrs < ' 

S 
\ i/ : ll I 

1 Warr held in 

1 
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! Quartered in ] 

s 1 '!oart, w' s t>\ 



rtt ia Ordered 
lisoi I ' I i ■ 

In. Cm 

i the >' 

I I N ^ II.'. 

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tint 1 
1 
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s 

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n«r in ( 

[it is i : | Conduct 

s 
Hill shall K ii\ r order* from 1 ' 

- I I Sou S 

where ihey shall ' 1 whilst in <i.irri- \ 

II: 'i A I i Hill n- 

Upon ih' itin^e or march in. 

m! in;. 

i r of N I B numU] 

P D 

1 rch 

I . I 

I 

2 



26 Indian Summer. [Jan 



INDIAN SUMMER. 

As connected with the history of the Indian Wars of the western country, 
it may not be amiss to give an explanation of the term "Indian Summer." 

The reader must here be reminded, that during the long continued Indian 
Wars, sustained by the first settlers of the western country, they enjoyed no 
peace excepting in the winter season, when, owing to the severity of the 
weather, the Indians were unable to make their excursions into the settle- 
ments. The onset of winter was therefore hailed as a jubilee by the early 
inhabitants of the country, who throughout the spring and the early part of 
the fall, had been cooped up in their little uncomfortable forts, and subject 
to all the distresses of the Indian War. 

At the approach of winter, therefore, all the farmers excepting the owner 
of the fort, removed to their cabins on their farms, with the joyful feelings 
of a tenant of a prison on recovering his release from confinement. All was 
bustle and hilarity in preparing for winter, by gathering in the corn, digging 
potatoes, fattening hogs, and repairing the cabins. To our forefathers the 
gloomy months of winter were more pleasant than the zephyrs of spring 
and the flowers of May. 

It however sometimes happened, that after the apparent onset of winter, 
the weather became warm, the smoky time commenced, and lasted for a 
considerable number of days. This was the Indian Summer ; because it 
afforded the Indians an opportunity of visiting the settlements with their 
destructive warfare. The melting of the snow saddened every countenance, 
and the general warmth of the sun chilled every heart with horror. The 
apprehension of another visit from the Indians, and of being driven back to 
the detested fort, was painful in the highest degree, and the distressing ap- 
prehension was frequently realized. 

A man of the name of John Carpenter was taken early in the month of 
March, in the neighbourhood of this place [Wellsburgh, Va.] There had 
been several warm days, but the night preceding his capture there was a 
heavy fall of snow. His two horses which they took with him, nearly per- 
ished in swimming the Ohio. The Indians as well as himself suffered se- 
verely with the cold before they reached the Moravian towns on the Mus- 
kingum. In the morning after the first day's journey beyond the Moravian 
towns, the Indians sent out Carpenter to bring in the horses which had been 
turned out in the evening, after being hobbled. The horses had made a 
circuit, and had fallen into the trail by which they came the preceding day. 
and were making their way homewards. 

When he overtook the horses and had taken off their fetters, as he said, 
he had to make a most awful decision. He had a chance, and hardly a 
chance, to make his escape, with a certainty of death should he attempt it 
without success. On the other hand, the horrible prospect of being tortured 
to death by fire presented itself; as he was the first prisoner taken that 
spring, of course the general custom of the Indians of burning the first pris- 
oner every spring, doomed him to the flames. 

After spending a few minutes in making his decision, he resolved on at- 
tempting an escape, and effected it by way of forts Laurens, MTntosh, and 
Pittsburgh. If I recollect rightly, he brought both his horses home with 
him. This happened in the year 1782. — Doddridge's Notes on the Settle- 
ment and Indian Wars of the Western Parts of Virginia and Pennsylva- 
nia, p. 265-8. 



1849.] 



/' ; /' M Family. 



27 



THE PEASE FAMILY. 
Fasnamioi S PaiSBof Albany, N. Y. f no 




The ancient arms of Pease are here represented} having ! 

in the branch of which Joseph Robinson Pease ia ■ meml 

family seal for one hundred and fifty year-, vi/: 

Per fesse Argent and Gules, an Eagle displayed conntercl 

Crest — An Eagle's head erased, the beak holding a -talk of Pea-haulm, 

all proper. Said to signify that the person to whom it anted had 

• teen a eonnnander. hut not in chief.* 

ORIGIN <>r Tin: \ \ m k.+ 

So subtle arc the clues which guide us in tracing out the origin of family 

names that in many cases it seems impossible to arrive at any positive <•"! - 
elusion. But in the present case it seems highly probable, that while the 
name was variously rendered into English, in some instances it retained its 
Celtic appellation j and the transformation of Pea into P - the name 

was often found in early record-, and Pease being so very < asy and natural, 
that lor the want of a better derivation, we ought not to hesitate to adopt 
this as the most probable one.+ 

The name has always been common in England ; hut as there were m< 

* Arms often give a very certain clue to the origin of the name of the bearer, especially 
if they be ancient. May not the name of this family be derived from the plant so con- 
spicuous in its rao^t ancient arms ? If the individual who introduced that valuable escu- 
lent into England, or from being the first to cultivate it successfully, took its name, he ii 
more to be honored than a thousand Napoleons. — I.e. 

t The author having the same account from the College of Arms upon the origin ot 
the name Pease as that we have printed for Peabodv, (in our last volume, p. 153. &c . 
it becomes necessary only to refer to that curious paper. — Ed. 

\ That is, the one derived from the paper referred to in the last note. — Ed. 



28 



The Pease Family. 



[Jan 



parish registers kept prior to 1570, no particulars can be learned previous 
to that date. The earliest record that can be found is, that John Pease mar- 
ried Margaret Wilson, at the Holy Trinity Church, Hull, June 9th, 1583. 

John Pease = I Margaret Wilson 



Anne, 

baptised at Hull, 

24 June, 1584. 



I 
George of Hull, Gentleman, 
married = 



Robert m. Anne Richardson, 
31 Jan., 1638, was Chamberlain 
of Hull, 1639. His wife died 3 
Jan., 1691. I 



Anne m. Wm. Thompson 

of Halumpton, [?] E. York, from 

whom descended Lord AVenlock. 



Samuel. 



Robert, born = Esther Clifford, 




I 




19 July, 1643, at Amsterdam, 17 




Anne m. 


John Leech, 


died 10 Feb., Nov., 1670, who 




Alderman 


of Chester, 


1720. 


died 17 May, 1736. 




a very old 


family from 








Edward III. 


1 
George = Elizabeth Randall 


1 
John, 


1 
William, 


Joseph, born 30 Nov., 1688, 


b. 16 Nov., of Cork, and lived 


born 


b. 2 Mar., 


came to Hull 1708, estab- 


1683, died at Limerick. 


1685, 


1687, d. 10 


lished his Bank 1754, m. 


1743. 


d. 1687. 


Jan., 1747, 


Mary Turner of Hull, 10 






lived at 


March, 1717, d. 11 March, 






Amsterdam. 1778. 1 


Robert Copeland, 


1 
Esther, born 




Mary, = Robert Robinson 


born 3 Dec, 1717, 


13 Sep., 1720, 




born 19 of Manchester, 10 


d. 19 March, 1770. 


m. Lawrence 




January, April, 1751. 


Ranker. 


Jopson. 




1726. | 



Joseph, = Anne Twiggs, 

b. 15 Feb., 29 May, 1786. 

1752, lic'd 

to take the 

name of Pease 1773, banker, 

died 29 March, 1807. I 



Robert, died in 
infancy. 



Pease, died in 
infancy. 



Joseph Robinson m. Harriet Clifford, a 
Walker, 1818. bachelor. 



George. Anne. Charlotte. Mary. Sarah. 



It appears that about 1660, Mr. Robert Pease emigrated to Amsterdam? 
and died there. His son William lived with him and died without issue. 
George Pease settled at Limerick, married and died without issue. Joseph, 
the youngest son, came to Hull, (where the family had resided for some 
generations,) in 1708. His descendants, Joseph Robinson Pease and fam- 
ily, still reside in that neighbourhood. 

Joseph Robinson Pease is successor in the bank that was established in 
Hull by Joseph Pease, his great-grandfather, in 1754. His residence is 
Hesslewood, near Hull. His late father's connections are among the large 
landed proprietors in Staffordshire, and his mother's among those in Derby- 
shire. His own are amongst some of the most highly respected landed pro- 
prietors in East Yorkshire. His youngest brother, a clergyman, and two 
of Sir Robert Peel's brothers, married sisters. 

There are several families, respectable yeomanry, in the neighbourhood 
of Doncaster and Pontefract.* There is another highly respectable branch 
residing in the county of Durham. 

John Pease of Darlington, who is a preacher of the society of Friends, 
states that the branch of which he is a member has been located in Darling- 
ton for five generations, and the first of the name who settled there came 

* Usually pronounced Pomfret, in England. — Ed. 



Page 87, 



Peg* 27 
Page 28, 



\DI)]:.M)\ ET CORRIGENDA. 

For "and wed as a familj seal for one hundred and fifty years," 

read "who baa letters one hundred and fiftj yean old, which 

bear tin- impreas of this seal." 

-28. For "no parish registers," read M no regular pariah registers." 

For " Anne m. Win. Thompson of Efalumpton," read M Hulmpton." 

For "Robert Copdand, born3 Dec. I7I7." read "Robert" 

For "Joseph = Anno Twiggs," read "Joseph Robinson - Ume 

Twigge." 
For " Clifford, a bachelor," read M Sarah Cookson." 
Read "George .M. A. (in holy orders Jane Swinfenof Swinfen." 
Read ■' \niir Col.Maister, Baal JTork militia." 
Read "Charlotte = Cant Mason, R. N. 
third line. For "Joseph," read "Joseph, Jim." 



Page 29, 



The nign nmnual of Rohkrt Pearb, dated 

1711, m Ins 69th y U 



I P • : 17';-. 

in 



&ob0r 





/ 0/st 




The Bign manual of Euwarb Peasi 

clo<S o<^c/(y c u jry ,,| ' 1 ,,; "' 1 '»'^;"', ;i! ; < 1 """ [J"> *& of 70, 
t^/t/ t— v^ ^uu^k^ whose mmd first practically grasped the 

\_^y question of improved communication by 

moans of a public railway ; and In whose influence and meane * carried 

into successful operation— he having been chairman of the Board of Directors. 
The Stockton and Darlington Railway was opened in 1825 See Vol. II, page 
313). From it rose George Stephenson, the first English railway engineer, who 
was selected by Mr. Pease, when an obscure engine-wrighl al Killingworth 
Colliery; to which, and his own native genius, he owed his subsequent cele- 
brity. Mr. P. is now in his B3d j I unusually vigorous; devoting his 
time to philanthropic objects, and the Bervice ol the Society of Friends, 

The Bign manual of Joseph Pkasi junior, 
son of Edward Pease of Darlington. (He had 
an uncle Joseph.) He was chosen the repre- 
sentative of the Bouth division of the county of 
Durham, about the close ot* the year 1832. 
The Reform hill had just passed, and the elec- 
tors were determined to select a man in place 
of the Bona of the nobility, for their future re- 
presentative, and succeeded beyond all expec- 
tation; the votes standing for Pease 2273, the 
next highest 2*218, and the lowest 1841. This was considered a great triumph 
by the liberal party; lor the other two not only professed in BOme degree the 
same political sentiments, hut were of the aristocracy, and BUpported by that 
class. 

The election of a "Friend," or, as he was sometimes called, " the Quaker 
member," was quite an event; and some urged that the simple declaration or 
affirmation would not be accepted, and that he could not take his seat. He 
was, however, admitted into tin* house without tin formality of an oath (which 
he had declared he would not take) by acclamation. At that time, also, being 
previous to the penny postage, every member could receive a certain number 
of letters, and forward a certain number free of postage; but to prevent fraud, 
they were required to write the date and direction in full, in their own hand. 
Here another objection arose: some declaring that the Friends' plain way of 
superscribing would not frank a letter. Here again the liberal spirit of the day 
triumphed, and a Friend as member, and a Friend's frank, ceased to be a cu- 
riosity. He continued to be returned for each successive parliament after this, 
being a very good and industrious member, until he declined on account of the 
pressure of duties at home. [To face page 28, vol. in.] 





YCUts 



L849.] Th r < ■ Family. 

from tin W( Riding of the county of York. A village between the towns 
of Pontefract and Barnsry, named Scarcroft, was ones pointed oat to him 

the abode of bis ancestors. His brother Joseph, also a member of thai 
. hat been retained to Parliament tor tin* M>uthern 

division of the county of Durham. Also, Edward Pease of Darlington, a 
member of the society of Friends, who has the credit <>t' « I • - - i «_r 1 1 i i * lt and es- 
tablishing the Stockton and Darlington Railway, the first one in England.* 

\ > connection ss yet can be established between the ancestors of th< 
family in tlii> country and the name in England, although there is do ffoobfl 
of the fad of sach connection. 

The following arms hare been borne by different branch a of the family: 

l'i \-i (Hall, coanty of Fork.) Vert, a Chevron between three Backs 
trippant Or, in the middle ( bief point ■ Bezant on ■ ( hief pet I Gki. 
iri<l A r an Eagle displayed counter changed. 

Crest, an Eagle's head erased, holding in the beak a slip of Pea-haohsi 
ppr. 

Pi 181 (as borne by Robert Copeland P Esqr., of Ottery Si Mary, 

ounty of Devon,) bob of Joseph 1' I M try Turner, born 8 I* 

1717, died 19 March, 1770 Go. a Saltlre Ar. between four Plates, each 
charged with a Leopard's face ppr. 

Crest, a Leopard's head guardanl cooped at the neck holding in the mouth 
i irord barwayi ppr. collared A/. 

l'i L8E ( London, granted to Robert i ■ ( • ■ L, L7U | Per pale Gra 
and Vert a Fessc indented, Erminois between thi \r. 

I it, on a Mount Vert ■ Dove rising, Ar holding in the l •♦ : t k. (In. a 
Pea-stalk 9 the blossoms and pod- ppr., legs as the beak. — Buri 
of He rahh ?/. 

Pkasi i § r ( It r i e, 1 6 U I A/, a ( bei ron beiwet n thn ■ I . 

' >r. 
Crest, a Leopard's head erased ppr. languid (iii. 
Those of the name who canio tir-t to thtS euunfrv W( r.- John Mid Rol 

Pease; and their arrival has been variously accounted for by history and 
tradition as follows, viz: 

One traditionary account is, thai in the fall of 1632, or a year or two 
later, a vessel hound from England to South Virginia, fell in with the south 
shoal of Nantucket, came np through tin' Vineyard sound and anchored off 

Cape Poge, on account ot' a dist< DO] er which, like a plague, rag! «1 among the 

passengers and crew, twenty-five of whom died. Or, according to another 
account, scarcity of provisions was the occasion. Four nun with their fam- 
ilies, requested to be pal <>n Bhore, preferring rather to take their chance 
with tin' natives, than to pursue the voyage under such distressing circum- 
stances. They landed at the spot since called | Pi -• s Point,) Edgartown. 

Their names were John Pease, Thomas Vincent, Trapp. and 

Browning or Norton. A red coat, presented on landing, by Pease to the 
( Jhief or Sachem, secured at once the good offices of the tribe; and tl 

were treated with hospitality. 

In order to shelter themselves from the approaching winter. r. -and 

his company made | •\ca\ations in the sitle of a liill near the water, wbenoS 
they could command a full view of the harbor and adjacent hay. Some 
vestiges of these caves still remain. They remained here through the 
cold season, and were joined by others at different times until in 1042. the 
whole number of families amounted to twenty-four. 

* VoL II. page 313. 



30 The Pease Family. [Jan. 

Another tradition that has obtained credit, and justly, because history has 
at length come to its support, is, that two brothers came over and landed at 
Boston. 

John Pease aged 27, and Robert Pease aged 27, are proved by the cus- 
tom-house books to have embarked in the Francis, John Cutting master, in 
the end of April, 1634, from Ipswich. This ship arrived at Boston without 
the loss of a single passenger. 

Neither of them appear to have had wives with them, but John had with 
him Robert, aged three years, and a Miss Clark, aged 15, daughter of a 
fellow passenger, and a Miss Greene, aged 15, perhaps a servant. 

The names of John and Robert Pease are found next among the inhab- 
itants of Salem, in 1637. The following is according to the records of the 
first church of that town : 

Widow Pease joined the church 1639, Robert Pease joined it 1643. 
Both dead in 1660. (Robert died in 1644.) Nathaniel, Sarah, and Mary, 
children of Robert Pease, baptized 15th day of 8th month, 1643. John, 
Robert, Mary, and Abraham, children of John Pease, baptized 3d day of 
5th month, 1667. John Pease, admitted to the church, 4th day of 5th 
month, 1667. James, son of John Pease, baptized November, 1670. Isaac, 
son of John Pease, baptized September, 1672. On sacrament day John 
Pease and his wife had a letter of recommendation granted to the church 
at Springfield, (now Enfield, Ct.,) Oct. 6, 1681. Ann Pease was admit- 
ted to the church from Ipswich in 1672. 

Who widow Pease was there is no present means of ascertaining cer- 
tainly ; but there can hardly be a doubt that John Pease, whose children 
were baptized at different times from 1667 to 1672, who joined the church 
in 1667, and who, with his wife, was dismissed and recommended to the 
church at Springfield, (Enfield) was the son of widow Pease. 

It seems most natural to suppose that John and Robert Pease, whose 
names are found at Salem in 1637, were the same who came over in the 
Francis. But there is a tradition relative to the subject, which may pass 
for what it is worth : Capt. Valentine Pease of Edgartown, who is upwards 
of 80 years of age, has heard his father and grandfather say that the two 
eldest sons of John Pease, who, according to tradition, landed at Martha's 
Vineyard, removed from there to Salem, and that their names were James 
and John. 

Among a large number of persons of Salem, owning estates there "before 
1661," are the names of Nathaniel and Isaac Pease. 

Miss Caulkins, in her History of Norwich, Ct., states, that a person 
named John Pease was there among the first settlers in 1660. This may 
admit of a rational doubt; for in Vol. I. p. 315 of the New England Hist, 
and Geneal. Register, there is a list of the first settlers of Norwich, which 
has no John Pease, but John Pearce, and agreeing with the authoress above 
cited in all the other names. It is hardly credible that there should have 
been three men named John Pease in the colonies of about the same age, at 
that early period ; but admitting it to have been so, the one in Norwich in 
1660, could hardly have been the same person who was in Salem, and was 
enrolled a member of the artillery company in 1661 ; for it is most probable 
that he was a resident of Salem from his first arrival there until his removal 
to Enfield, Ct. 

The following notices are to be found in the Annals of Salem : 
1643. Lucy Peas of Salem is arraigned before the Gen 1 .. Court chard, with 
having embraced the opinions of Samuel Gorton. — On renouncing 
them she is dismissed. 



L849.] 



I) UA$ m H 71. 31 



168 l John Pi S bad in<.\''l lately from Salem to 1 

field 1 1' had \" en ■ deputy to the I court 

I 689. ( lapt v imu< 1 P< as is P the Sloop M ton. 

II hi <»im- in "Martin Vineyard Sound." ( ij>t. 

Pea is kill* d, but the piral en by lii- i 

1 la pro n itcha 

i DU i OBMBRATIOVi 

< 1 ) I. .!<»ns, v. bo came bo the F! I ich in I 

whose name ; * j » j ■ inhabitant S den in 1637. 

BBCOMD <.i m i: • 

II. John, who removed to Enfield, < t.. in l •'.■-» i. II- wa> twi 

ried. His first wife was M . \\li<» died January 5, II 3 

thi . •>'■ i Ini Cutnn 

married Oct B, 1669. II 1 at Eni 1 1689, flii 

children 03 his fi 
l_l._.I (1 | lM . i,. March 30, 1654. (S 
■1—1. R ' . M irch I I 

8—3. M : I I I ". ' 

\ — 1. — Abraham, b. April 5, 1662, m. Js M ■• », without iai 

:, — 5. i ■' m. 2, l ,:,: ^. | 

By 1 I m ife he had 

♦;__ii. — [am I I 1670 

7—7. I . . J 15, 167 
8 — 8. — ^ 



DEATH8 in WREN! M \M 

LI :.; :,, i ; 
by Mi: O. W. Memikgi 

1 ! I Nn I 

The first person buried in the Buryii ■ 1' la in this town was an infant 

son of John and Mary Ware who died Feb 10 11 

Mary Littlefiel 1 wife of John J in 18 l • 

Jonathan son i f Cornelius vV Sary ffisher 1675 

Eliazur son of John & Mary Ware * § pt 1675 

Sarah wife of Corn". Fisher *• Fel 28 ' 

Elizabeth dau of James vv Anna ICoatman ,v i -7» : 

Nat!. 1 . Crosman Bon of Rob. A Sarah M i - 1675-76 

killed by the Indians 
Maivh y last the [nhabitants were drawn off by reason of the war. 

♦ In Vol. II. i ;wn from the original depositions icreu j- 

nmstanti it of the action in which the captain lost hi> Life, a farmer eluci- 

dation of this affair, we add from Mr. Fai r's Anne s », as foil 

1( The Council having been informed, thai Thomas Hawkins and others were 
pirates order the Restitution with 40 men. ./ <•.■'■ /'■ i • mas > after them. 

These pirates took die Ketch Mary. Capt Hettm Chard, of Salem the 9th [August, h'-89,] 
.1 Leagues from Half Way Rock. They captured the brig Merrimack of Newburyport, 
Cant. John Ktnt, on the 22d, in 'Martin' Vineyard Sound. [Then as above in the text.] 
They killed him. and wounded some of hi^ crow; but were taken by nil Lieut Benjamin 
Gallop, and in October brought to Boston, when lour of them belonged. They were con 
learned to die, but reprieved " 



32 



Deaths in Wrentham. 



[Jan. 



Mary wife of Joseph Kingsbury died 

William son of W m & Kuth Maccane " 

Killed by his own Gun accidentally 

Sarah dau of John & Sarah Guild " 

Silence Wilson in the 10 th year " 

Sarah Lawrence " 

Mehitable wife Thorn 8 Thurston " 

Ichabod son " " " 

Mary dau " " " 
Joseph Kingsbury died in an awful and dreadful way 

Isaac Blake " 

Hezakiah son of Benj & Judith Rocket " 

Solomon Shears " 

Sarah Lawrance wife of John " 

Sarah dau of John & Sarah Fairbanks " 

Hannah dau of Sam 1 . & Hannah " 

Hannah wife of John Pond " 

Abigail dau of John & Abg 1 Day " 

Elizabeth dau of John & Melitiah Fisher " 

Ruth Fisher " 

Judith wife of James Meads " 

Priscilla dau of Benj & Priscilla Grant " 

Mary dau of John & Sarah Laurance " 

Mary " « Edw d . & Rob*. Gay " 

in her 7 th year 

Robert son of Rob*. & Joanna Pond " 

—None Puffer son of Rich d . & Ruth " 
Cornelius Fisher died 

being the first head of a family who died in the town 

in a natural way for 30 years 

John Blake " 

Sarah dau of Benj & Sarah Hall " 

Sarah Hancock " 

Thomas Thurston " 

Ephraim Pond " 

Mary Gay " 

in her fifth year 

Thomas son of Thomas & Hannah George " 

Hannah daughter " " " 

Tho* George — the father " 

John George " 

John Maccane son of John & Eliz h " 

Hannah wife of Cornelius Fisher " 

Ebenezer Guild son of John & Sarah " 

Tho 9 Puffer of Providence " 

Dea Samuel Fisher " 

Mehitable daughter of Jona Wight " 

Samuel Whiting " 

Anna Blake daughter of John & Joanna " 

Mary Shears wife of Samuel " 

Theodoras Man daughter of Theodore " 

Eleazer Metcalf " 



July 31 1680 


July 6 168- 


Dec 7 1682 


Feb 24 1683 


Mar 25 1684 


Aug 11 1692 


Aug 29 " 


Mar 30 1688 


Dec 16 1688 


March 8 1689 


1689 


May 6 " 


Aug 30 1690 


Sep 19 1690 


Oct 26 1689 


Jan 2 1691 


1692 


1693 


July 28 " 


Oct 9 1694 


July 14 1694 


Dec 8 " 


Oct 7 1695 


May 28 1694 


Jan 16 1697-8 


Jan 2 1699 


May 25 1700 


May 6 1697 


Nov 17 1700 


Dec 15 1704 


Dec 22 " 


May 30 1705 


Sep 17 1704 


Sep 17 " 


Oct 31 " 


Sep 21 " 


Jan 9 1701 


March 6 " 


Sept 13 " 


July 11 1702 


Jan 5 1703 


Sept 3 1704 


April 2 " 


April 8 " 


April 26 « 


Sep 1 1703 


May 14 1704 



L84&] Tin-, ft n Fmufy. 

THE WY.M.W FAMILY, 
[Collected by T. D. w^ man .In. of I 

Tin- name of W tmam ii of < rerman derivation, and was originally Bp< 
W'i.vmvnn. The two individuals firsl I in the following geneal< 

IT6 the progenitors of the I portion of the Wym i ily in this 

country. The firsl mention made of them is in Charlestown, D 18,1640, 
Wrothingham, p. 106) as Bign< rs of the ••town orden .1 with the 

settlement of Woburn. Their descendants have been nnmeroui and 
chiefly among the "sturdy yeomanry," j 

estimation in the ordinary ranks of lit-. A.! the present time the family 
is chiefly comprised in that class -«» ably apostrophized by I I in the 

thrilling Lines — 

I [earl of r — Worki no M i 

Who on your sturdj n, 

I roogfa itrean 

- 1 OINERAI 

(1)1. John, !/■< lit., a tanner, m. Nov. 5, U 14, d. Maj 9, II Wif< 

Sarah, dau. of Miles Nutl of Woburn, who, after his death, m. Thomas 
Puller of Woburn, Am-. 25 I ( '* 1. 

(2) II Francis, a tanner, m. (see wives) d. Noi 

II-' married I, Judith Peiroe of Woburn, Jan. 80, L64 2, Abi- 

gail, dau. of William Read of Woburn, 

(8) III. Name unknown. See issu N 27. 

(!) I V. Name unknoa n. s. . issu \ 

\ . 1 . 

(5) I Samuel, b Sept 20, 1648, d. S ipt 27, L646 

(6) II. John, b. March 28, 1648, m. . «l. tNai , Dec 

1 9, I 676. I [e married Wary, dan. of Re^ . Thomas ( barter of \N oburn, who 
after his death, m. Nathaniel Bachelder of Hampton, Oct 31, 1676, and d. 
in II 

(7) III Sarah, b. \pril 15, 1650, m. Joseph Walker, Dae. 15, U 
d Jan 26, 1729. 

I [V. Solomon, b. Feb. 26, 1652. 

( ( .>) V. David, a tanner of Woburn, b. April 7, 1654, m. April 27, ll 
d. of small pox, 1678. Wife rsabel, dan. of John Parmer of Concord, Mass. 
who afterwards m. James Blood of Concord, Nov. 19, 167 

(l(') VI. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 18, 1656, -1. Nov. 21, 1658. 

(11) VII Batbsheba, b, Oct 6, L658, m. Nathaniel Tav, Maj 
1677, d. July 9, 1780. 

(12) VIII. Jonathan, Cornet, of Woburn, fanner, b. July 13, 1661, m. 
(see wives) d. Dee. 1">. 1786. He m. 1, Abigail, dau. of James Powleof 
Woburn, July 29, L689, who .1 Jan. 8, 1690 ; m, 2, Hannah, dau. of Peter 
Fowle of Woburn, July 31, L690. 

(13) IX. Si in, Lieut, of Woburn, farmer, b. Aug. 3, 1668, m. Dec. 17. 
1 08.3, d. Oct 26, 171 5. He m. Hester, Jan. of Wm. Johnson of Woburn. 
Dec. 17, 1685, who d March 81, 1742. 

(14) X. Jacob, of Woburn, tanner, b. m. (see wives) d. March 
31, 1742. lie m. 1, Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Richardson of Woburn. 



34 The Wyman Family. [Jan. 

Nov. 23, 1687, who d. Nov. 21, 1739. He m. 2, Elizabeth Coggin of 
Woburn, Feb. 4, 1740. 

Issue of Francis, No. 2. 

(15) I. Judith, b. Sept. 29, 1652, d. Dec. 22, 1652. 

(16) II. Francis, b. about 1654, d. unm. April 26, 1676. 

(17) III. William, of Woburn, farmer, b. about 1656, d. 1705. He 
m. Prudence, dau. of Thomas Putnam. (?) 

(18) IV. Abigail, b. about 1660, m. Stephen Richardson, Jan. 2, 1675, 
d. Sept. 17, 1720. 

(19) V. Timothy, of Woburn, farmer, b. Sept. 15, 1661, d. 1709. His 
wife's name was Hannah. 

(20) VI. Joseph, of Woburn, tailor, b. Nov. 9, 1663, d. unm. July 24, 
1714. 

(21) VII. Nathaniel, of Woburn, farmer, b. Nov. 25, 1665, m. June 
28, 1691 or 1692, d. Dec. 8, 1717. His wife was Mary Winn of Woburn, 
who afterwards m. John Locke of Woburn, Nov. 30, 1720. 

(22) VIII. Samuel, of Woburn, farmer, b. Nov. 29, 1667, m. in 1692, 
d. May 17, 1725. His wife was Rebecca, dau. of Matthew Johnson of 
Woburn. 

(23) IX. Thomas, of Woburn, farmer, b. April 1, 1671, m. May 5, 
1696, d. Sept. 4, 1731. His wife was Mary, dau. of Nathaniel Richardson 
of Woburn, who, after his death, married Josiah Winn of Woburn, Aug. 17, 
1733, and d. June 7, 1743. 

(24) X. Benjamin, of Woburn, farmer, b. Aug. 25, 1674, m. Jan. 20, 
1702, d. Dec. 19, 1735. He married Elizabeth, dau. of Nathaniel Han- 
cock of Cambridge, who afterwards married Jonathan Bacon of Bedford, 
Aug. 22, 1739, and d. at Medford, Mar. 2 or 3, 1749. 

(25) XI. Stephen, b. June 2, 1676, d. Aug. 19, 1676. 

(26) XII. Judith, 2d. b. Jan. 15, 1679, m. Nathaniel Bacon, and was 
living in 1715. 

Issue of , No. 3. 

(27) I. John, of Woburn, wheelwright, m. Dec. 14, 1685, d. Apr. 19, 
1728. His wife's name was Hannah Farrar, of Woburn. 

Issue of , No. 4. 

(28) I. Thomas, of Boston, tailor. He d. before 1735, and was a 
soldier in the Narra^anset war. Wife's name unknown. See deed, Mid- 
dlesex Records, 1739. 

The name in this branch was sometimes spelled Wayman. 

THIRD GENERATION. 

Issue of John, No. 6. 

(29) I. John, of Woburn, b. Apr. 23, 1672. Descendants in Lunen- 
burg and Cambridge. 

(30) II. Mary, b. June 25, 1674, m. Thomas Peirce Jr., Feb. 27, 
1693. 

Issue of David, No. 9. 

(31) I. David, b. May 29, 1676, d. June 15, 1676. 

(32) II. Isabel, b. July 5, 1677, m. John Green, of Maiden, in 1700, 
d. Aug. 9, 1765. 

Issue of Jonathan, No. 12. 

(33) I. Abigail, b. June 1, 1691, m. Samuel Buck, d. Dec 2, 1720. 



l -!:•.] Tlo R Family* 

(84) II. Hannah, b. Nov. 169 t. in. bran 1 li. i -I. Jons l. 1717, 1i\m._ 

in 17 

III. M lbt, b. Jan. 26, L696, m. Jeremiah < 17 18. 

l\ l.ii/M.i in, b. Feb 15, 1700, m. Zerubbabel Sim. 
ll. I 7lM . She n aa 1 1 >. ing in 1 755. 

(87) V. Jonathan, of Woburn, 1». Sept 13, 1704. 1» ■ !.mt- in 
Burlington, Ma j., and Dummereton, \ t. 

VI. Sarah, b. Aug. 18, 1706, m N Brooks, <l. Feb. 21, 

1717 

i VII. Za< hariah, b. July 19, 17 ' i: r, I 

/ 

(1") I. Si mi. of Woburn, b Sepl 18,1686 Descendants in II. 
hill and Shn n abury. 

( ll ) II. Ih ii i:, l. ( • . 1688. 

( 12) III Sarah, b. Jan. 17, 1 ' Ii b B 

i i I) I\'. Jom ithan, b v ^ 19, 16 18, i J m 19, 1694. 

(ll) V. Sua \nn v. b June 80, U 

(i VI. Arioail, b. Feb 6, 1698, m Timothy Brooks, Jaa 1 8 
1725, '1 March L6, 17 

( 16) VII. Loi i , b. Feb. i I. L701. 

/ V6. ll. 

(17) I Jacob, of Woburn, b, Sepl 11, 1688. Descendants in Brad- 
ford and 1 Ii\ erhill. 

(48) [I. Samuel, of Woburn, b. I 

(49) III. Blizabrth, b. Jan 9 or 7. L691, m. Josiah Watered, be- 
fore 1742. 

(50) IV. David, of Woburn, b. Apr. 14, 1698 l 1 ints in 1 
ton and I >;m\ - »rs. 

(51) V, Martha, b. Oct. 13, 1695, no Joseph Richardson. 
>2) VI. Mart, b. July 8, 1698, .1 )>• fore 1742. 

(53) VII. John, i.. Dee, 11, 1700, graduated a! II ('., 1721, .1. Jal) 
:>. 1721. 

(54) VIII Solomon, b, Apr. 24, 1708, d. Sepl 22, L725 

(55) IX Patieni b, Ii. Apr. 13, 1705, m. John ( "_"_ r i:i of Sudbury, 
17:; I 7. 

(56) X Mi-.i.M/i i:. of Connecticut, b Maj 5, 1707, graduated at II 
('.. 1731, m Mary Wright, May 22, 17.;.'. d. April 29, 17 

(7.7) XI [8Aiah, b. F( b, 28, L709, .1 Feb. 9, 17 16. 
(58) XII. Petj i;. of W oburn, b. Sept. 27, 171 1. 

•) XIII. Danirl, of Sudbury, b. May 27, 1715, Descendant! la 
Philadelphia, 

Issue of WUHam^ 2V&, 17. 

(60) I. William, b. Jan, 18, L 683, d. Jan. 20, 168 

(61) II. Prudence, b. D . L683, m. Jacob Winn, Jr., June 28 

17(M. 

(62) III. William 2d, of Woburn, b. 'Tan. 15, 1685. Posterity in 
Charlestown. 

(63) IV. Thomas, of Pelharn, X. EL, b tag. 28, 1687. 

(64) V. Elizabeth, b. July 5, L 689, d. June 25, U 

(65) VI. Francis, of Maine, b. July 10, 1691. 

(66) VII. Joshua, of Woburn, b. Jan. 8, 1693. Posterity in Rox- 
bury and Keene, N. II. 

(67) VIII. A daughter. Name unknown, d. 1694. 



36 The Wyman Family. [Jan. 

(68) IX. Edward, of Pelham, N. H., b. Jan. 10, 1696. Posterity 
in Cambridge, Mass., and Cornish, N. H. 

(69) X. Elizabeth 2d, b. Feb. 16, 1697. 

(70) XI. Deliverance, b. Feb. 28, 1700, ra. Esekiel Gowin Jr., of 
Lynn, Jan. 1, 1732. 

(71) XII. James, of Maine, b. March 16, 1702. 

Issue of Timothy, No. 19. 

(72) I. Hannah, b. July, 7, 1688. 

(73) H. Timothy, of Woburn, b. Apr. 5, 1691, in. Hannah Wyman. 
(88) Descendants in Vermont and New Hampshire. 

(74) III. Solomon, of Woburn, b. Oct. 24, 1693. Descendants in 
Templeton and Chesterfield, N. H. 

(75) IV. Joseph, of Pelham, N. H., b. Nov. 1, 1695. Descendants, 
in Westminster and Jaffrey, N. H. 

(76) V. Eunice, b. Feb. 24, 1697, m. Henry Tottingham. Sept. 7, 
1721, d. before 1748. 

(77) VI. Avs, b. Mar. 26, 1700, d. unm. at Andover, Mar. 25, 1774. 

(78) VII. Jddith, b. June 16, 1702, m. John Wright of Ashford, 
Conn., Mar. 23, 1725, living 1748. 

(79) VIII. Eli, b. Mar. 11, 1704, d. unm. Aug. 22, 1728. 

(80) IX. Ebenezer, of Townsend, b. Mar. 21, 1706. Descendants 
in Maine. 

(81) X. Hester. 

(82) XI. Elizabeth. 

(83) XII. Prudence, b. Mar. 8, 1709, m. Thomas Phelps. She was 
living in 1772. 

Issue of Nathaniel, No. 21. 

(84) I. Nathaniel, b. May 23, 1693, d. unm. Dec. 13, 1715. 

(85) II. Mary, b. May 28, 1694, d. about May 23, 1763, insane. 

(86) III. Abigail, b. Oct. 5, 1695, m. Benjamin Gowin. 

(87) IV. Ruth, b. Apr. 17, 1697, m. Thomas Gould of Charlestown, 
Aug. 1, 1721. 

(88) V. Hannah, b. Apr. 23, 1699, m. Timothy Wyman (73.) 

(89) VI. Eliza, b. Nov. 11, 1700, m. John Geary of Charlestown, 
Mar. 12, 1723. 

(90) VII. Phebe, b. June 11, 1702, m. Thomas Geary of Stoneham. 
before 1729. 

(91) VIII. Rebecca, b. Apr. 14, 1704, m. Thomas Holden, Mar. 7, 
1723. 

(92) IX. Joanna, b. July 25, 1705, m. Jonathan Holden, Dec. 30, 
1731, d. Nov. 11, 1786. 

(93) X. Increase, of Woburn, b. Mar. 1, 1707. 

(94) XI. Sarah, b. Aug. 21, 1710, m. Ezekiel Walker, July 6, 1732, 
d. before 1756. 

(95) XII. Kezia, b. Apr. 5, 1713, m. John Reed, Dec. 9, 1735, d. 
Jan. 14, 1756. 

Issue of Samuel, No. 22. 

(96) I. Rebecca, b. Nov. 11, 1693, m. Thomas Richardson of Wo- 
burn, Sept. 29, 1713, d. before April 11, 1771. 

(97) II. Abigail, b. Feb. 5, 1695, m. Jonathan Richardson before 
1726. 

(98) III. Hannah, b. Dec. 10, 1696, m. Samuel Parker, May 10, 
1725. 



1 8 i T 

I \ 8 ■ ■■ ■ ''•• 1 • ' , A 31, 172 

( LOO V. Samuel, < '•■ i, b. Mar. 18, I 

loll. 

[) VI. Oliver, of 1 

(102) \ 1 1. Ltdj v, i . Jan l . urn. 

I 

(103) VIII. Pi || N i.ll. 1705, BL I I ' Miv 1. 

17 1". .1 .1 17 II. 

(104) I\ ! 17' -7 

( 105) \. Bsi II R, '■ I 

/ 

l iii' m \ '•'• i -'. l • *7. 1 1 

r v II. 

< 107 i II. Josi \n. ■ M irch 18, 17 
i 108 , Ml. Pimm is, l» 1701. I • . 17 17. 

(109) IV. Timothy, b. M I, 

(110) V. !'.i n ■ \ I 12, 1704. I) 

(ill) VI. John, b ' d. 'nun. March 26, 17 

( l U) \ II. M irt, b. March 10, 1* S Cla W 

ton d, June i 3, 1 7 

rill \ MI. w irn. I.. D 

(ill) I \. I.ii \/n:. of Wo\ urn, b. \ i • ■ 

\\ 

(115 \ N I i ii vmi ' i ■ W ■■■ I s . 171 •'.. I ■ 

in N J >rk 

( 1 1 6) \I. l m-.i in. b.D : \ 1718, m. 

> 

(117)I.l.ii R 11. 

1724, d. Oct 20, 17 ; 

(118) II. Benjamin, of M ! 
teritj m I exingt< I x ) I 

(119) Ml. Lucy, b April 17, 17 N D 
bury, 1729, d. I 

( L20) IV. Zi b u>i vm. of w barn, b Jun 21, < i 

:»nt- in ( .in.' 

(121) V. 1 si . . Nov. 16, 1710, i -■ Pcir , Oct 28, ] 
I. M i 5, 177 I. 

(122) \ 1. Ji ki -ii v. . 1712, m i : rdson, I 
or April l i. 1780, d April 10, 178 I. 

(123) VII Tabitha, l'. April 7. 1714, m.Josiafa Kendall, March 17. 
L736, d. April 24, L800 

(124) VIM Ari.ivn. of Lancaster, b. Sept. 20, 171 

(125) i\. ( ltb . -M. b. May 6, 1717, m. William Tafti I M 
28, 17 12, d, Feb. 20, 1749. * 

(126) X. Nathanu •. Jan 26, 17 1 

(127) XI. Am., mi, b a . in Jacob 8 A il 8, 1740, 
.1. Oct 31, 1771. 

(128) XM Martha, b Ma; 7, 1722, m Samuel Dean, Sept 6, 1. 

(129) MM Noah, b. Juh 80, 1724, d. Dec 10, 175 

(130) XIV. Johas, b, Ju'lv 26, 1725, d.unm Jaa 20, 1740. He^s 
a soldier at Louisburg. 



38 Records of Boston. [Jan, 

(131) XV. Reuben, of Wilmington, b. Nov. 9, 172G. Descendants in 
Concord, N. H. 

Issue of John, No. 27. 

(132) I. John, of Wilmington, b. Nov. 16, 1686, d. before Jan. 6, 1748. 

(133) II. Thomas, b. March 25, 1689, d. before 1749, insane. 

(134) III. Jasher, of Townsend, b. Jan. 6, 1691. Descendants in 
Hollis, N. H. 

(135) IV. Nathan, of Woburn, b. Jan. 8, 1695. 

(136) V. Hannah, b. Aug. 8, or 28, 1703, living unm. 1748. 

(137) VI. Ann, b. April 10, 1705, m. Samuel Bathrick of Portsmouth, 
N. H., published May 5, 1739. 

(138) VII. Rachel, b. Oct. 24, 1707. 

Issue of Thomas, No. 28. 

(139) I. Thomas, of Boston. Descendants in Concord. 

(140) II. Daniel, of Boston. Descendants in Concord. 

(141) III. Mary, m. Joseph Turner, July 11, 1706. 

(142) IV. Sarah, m. Robert Karheet, mariner. 

(143) V! Abigail, m. John Durham, Dec. 9, 1717. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Stephen Wayman is mentioned in the " Mass. Colony Book/' in the 
Narraganset expedition, Feb. 29, 1675-6. Also, a Stephen Waiman 
(perhaps the same) died intestate. Administration granted to George 
and Rebecca Bonfeld. See Ipswich Court Record, 21, 10, 1675. 

Eliner Wayman and George James of Salem, Great Britain, were 
m. in Boston, Feb. 6, 1711. 

Sarah AVayman and Edward Jones of Great Britain were published in 
Boston, June 19, 1714. 

Sarah Weyman and Samuel Marshall were m. in Boston, Dec. 26, 
1717. 

John Weeman came from Germany, and settled in Maine. 



RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

[Copied for the Antiquarian Journal by Mr. David Pclsifek, member of the N. E. H. 

Geneal. Society.] 

[Continued from Vol. II., page 402.] 

Jane the daught r of Evan Thomas & Jane his wife was Thomas. 

borne the 16° (3°) 1641. 

Dorcas the daughter of Evan Thomas & Jane his wife 
was borne 5° (12°) 1642 & dyed the 28° (12°) 1642. 

Deborah the daught 1 ' of Benjamin Thwing & Deborah his Thwin*. 

wife was borne 17° (3°) 1642. & dyed (6°) 1642. 

Elisabeth the daught* of William Ting & Elisabeth his Tin*. 

wife was borne 6° (12°) 1637. 

Annah the daughter of William Ting & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 6° (11°) 1639. 

Bethiah the daught' of William Ting & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 17° (3°) 1641. 

Mercie the daughter of William Ting & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 13° (11°) 1642. 



1849.] 



/,'■ 






1 1 mnnli Mm I I M 

\\ I M 

II. 
.1 : .in the I '•■ 

1 1 

11. 
r \\ i 

l i ■ l; I 

bk m 13 (1 

g ■ i ; i r 

John ill- I ■ 4 I ' 

borne the I 12 

R rattle D • \0. 

I ■!. 

I I il llir (luU -V M ' 

; I 
M . M 

n. 

I f R v - > a I II 
borne 

i; a ne tin li I \\ I 

I I . mah tli*- »l:nijlit' of Richard M ! 

e the i I i H. 

M 

borne I i | 1637, & «lv« i i I 

< . ill** dii (! \\ ' 

. 

\1 i , • \\ 

borne (7°) 1640, & 1 i 1641 

8 >i I ! ; G • i w 

WIS !■:•:• . I ,; I 1 

ESI 1 1 w Jker tS . ; 

borne the l I (12°) H 

/ ry the - V\ ' • r A 

borne tl e 15 1 7 

John the sonne i I R b % W r vv , i 

borne the 2 

Sarah the daught' i I I & as 

borne the I | 1641, & bari« .1 l'.' | I" 

Mi ribah the dangl .• i W< rdall & Alice his irife 

was borne 14° (8 | L( 

\ ■■mi* of William Werdall A Alice bis i ife 

borne 7 c~ ) l «'• 

Eliha the Bonne of William Werdall & Alice bin wife was 
borne the (9°) 1642. 

Jonathan the sonne of Thomas Wheel* r & B his Wh 

wife was borne 20 | B | 1 1 

Joseph the sonne of Thomas Wheeler A W- !•« cca his n 
was borne L5« (8°) 1640. 



40 



Epitaph on Huddlestone. 



[Jan, 



Rebecca the daughter of Thomas Wheeler & Rebecca his 
wife was borne 17° (4°) 1643. 

Ruth the daughter of Nathaniel Williams, & Mary his Williams. 

wife was borne 1638. 

Elisabeth the daughter of Nathaniel Williams & Mary 
his wife was borne 21° (8°) 1640. 

Nathaniell the sonne of Nathaniel Williams & Mary his 
wife was borne 16° (7°) 1612. 

Joseph the sonne of Robert Williams & his wife Williams. 

was borne (5°) 1641. 

Mary the daught 1 of m r John Wilson & Elisabeth his Wilson. 

wife was borne 12° (7°) 1633. 

Shoreborne the sonne of William Wilson & Patience his Wilson. 

wife was borne 6° (6°) 1635. 

Mary the daught r of William Wilson &; Patience his 
wife was borne 11° (11°) 1637. 

John the sonne of William Wilson & Patience his wife 
was borne (11°) 1639. 

Joseph the sonne of W m Wilson & Patience his wife 
was borne 10° (9°) 1643. 

John the sonne of Robert Wing & Joan his wife was Wing. 

borne the 22° (5°) 1637. 

Hannah the daughter of Robert Wing & Joan his wife 
was borne 14° (12°) 1639. 

Jacob the sonne of Robert Wing & Joan his wife was 
borne 31° (5°) 1642. 

Elisabeth the daughf of m r John Winthrope the yonger Winihrop. 
& Elisabeth his wife was borne 24° (5°) 1636. 

ffitz-John sonne of M r John Winthrop Esq ; the yonger 
& Elizabeth his wife 14° (1°) 1638. 

Luce the daughf of John Winthrop Junio r Esq ; & 
Elisabeth his wife borne 28° (11°) 1639. 

Waite-still the sonne of John Winthrop Junio r Esq ; & 
Elisabeth his wife borne 27° (12°) 1641. 

Mary the daughf of Richard Woodhouse & Mary his Woodhouse. 
wife was borne & buried (11°) 1637. 

Mary the daughter of Richard Woodhouse & Mary his 
wife was borne 14° (11°) 1638. 

John the sonne of Richard Woodhouse & Mary his wife 
was borne 9° (2°) 1641. 

Hannah the daught 1 " of Richard & Mary Woodhouse 
borne 15, (1) 1643. 

Joseph the sonne of Rob 4 Woodward & Rachell his wife Woodward. 
was borne 24° (8°) 1641. 

Nathaniel the sonne of Rob* Woodward & Rachell his 
wife was borne 38° (8°) 1642. 



EPITAPH ON HUDDLESTONE. 

Here lies Thomas Huddlestone, reader don't smile, 
But reflect as this tombstone you view, 

That death who has killed, in a very short while 
May HUDDLE A STO^E upon you. 



1849.] '■' ! 41 



■i [( i < 0N< ERNING 'I III' r\i:i.Y " I REEM1 in 

NEW ENGLAND. 

i: a member of bocii bj could exerci 
hold any public office, he most be made man by the general or 

quarterly court. To [uired 

that he 
4 - Thi \ regulal by Royal ord< r in V 

Individn 
their b 
with ti 

•• hi L631, be 

church-members. I in 

ir< I to rcligiou .11 this test, 

require I i rato 

should an elder in the church. 3 

The k - I i ' ' N Eng- 

land. It was print ( I 

n| "ii a single Bhi et, in I ! . 

was in th( — 



i 



L JB.) being i I ith- 

in th" Jill i 

to be subject t«> t h< I i 

the gn ulful IS I God, I will 1 

and faithful! t»» the I will 

thereunto, w ith inj |" rson ai lity 1 

also trulj • 

thereof, submittal I and 

iblish< '1 bj th< .my 

< \ ill again sl it, or i al shall over 

and iv\ < .il th to lav. full \ i ov I 

Morco\ < p, / doc oh mnly bii ' n I 

hlml be rail- d to jrive mi voyce touching any such matt< p of this Si 

r^ 

which 1 are I ideal, r will give m^ \ I shall ju< 

in mine ow n i "■:- :k nee may best condu I tend 1 

the body, So h< Ip me God in the I. I - ! is ( bri 

Octol 

free, of the corporation, in | x - bad been a 

since they lefl I" ' ;■<!. h \ lered, t future ti 

* Felt, Hist, of Ipswich, ia 

t Bentley, Description of Salens, 1 CUZa. Mum. II 

J Thomas, Hist. rVinting, i. 231 . 

§ Copied from "New Ei - - ' lon, Wu byMs Hide" 1647. 

[ In the body of the tract the name of Child* is spelt without the t.] Mr. Fell has also prim- 
ed the oath in his Jptxoich, from the records and it is likewise to 1 e found in the " Charters 
and Laws of Bfassto u : y-" We have copied from Hajob Child 'tic 

old orthography. 

3 



42 Early "Freemen" in Neiv England, [Jan. 

men should choose the assistants, and the assistants from among them- 
selves choose the governor and deputy governor. The court of assist- 
ants were to have the power of making laws and appointing officers. 
This was a departure from their charter. One hundred and nine free- 
men were admitted at this court. Maverick, Blackstone, and many 
more who were not of any of the churches, were of this number. The 
next General Court was the court of election for 1631. The scale was 
now turned, and the freemen resolved to choose both governor, deputy, 
and assistants, notwithstanding the former vote, and made an order, 
that, for the time to come, none should be admitted to the freedom of the 
body politic but such as were church members.* " None have voice in 
elections of Governor, Deputy and Assistants, none are to be Magis- 
trates, Officers or Jurymen, grand or petit, but Freemen. The Minis- 
ters give their votes in all elections of Magistrates. Now the most of 
the persons at New England are not admitted of their Church, and 
therefore are not Freemen; and when they come to be tried there, be 
it for life or limb, name or estate, or whatsoever, they must be tried 
and judged too by those of the Church who are, in a sort, their adver- 
saries ; Plow equal that hath been or may be, some by experience doe 
know, others may judge. "f 

"This," remarks Hutchinson, "was a most extraordinary order of 
law, and yet it continued in force until the dissolution of the govern- 
ment, it being repealed, in appearance only, after the restoration of 
King Charles the Second. Had they been deprived of their civil priv- 
ileges in England by an act of parliament, unless they would join in 
communion with the churches there, it might very well have been the 
first in the roll of grievances. But such were the requisites to qualify 
for church membership here, that the grievance was abundantly 
greater." 

It is supposed by Mr. Savage, J that "near three fourths of the pres- 
ent [1826] inhabitants of the six New England states," are descended 
from such as were made freemen before the death of Governor Win- 
throp. This conjecture would seem plausible enough were we to end 
our inquiries here ; but if we extend them to the revolution of 1688, 
the time when the practice of making freemen ceased, by a similar 
course of reasoning we should not noiv find inhabitants enough in New 
England for our purpose. However, our opinion is, that from the 
"OLD FREEMEN" before the Revolution, above seven eighths of all 
the present inhabitants of New England, and no inconsiderable portion 
of those of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio are de- 
scended. 

In 1663, "the practice of freemen's meeting in Boston to elect mag- 
istrates was repealed. This repeal, however, was so unpopular, that 
the same practice was renewed the next year ; but it seems to have 
gone clown soon after. At first, danger from Indians was pleaded, why 

* Hutchinson's Hist. Mass., i. 25, 26. 
t Leehford, Plain Dealing, 23, 24. 

$ Winthrop, Jour., ii. 74. In his edition of this invaluable work, Mr. S. has printed lists 
of the Freemen to the time of his author's death. 



L849.] Eat \, ■• F ' E nd. 

1 d from < "ii- 

' \ I ... when u.vM/m!, 1 

from tli«' whole col the concurrent 

f thi custom, 
<lurin_r ;m alteration, whicb mtially accords with : 

\ • • , i | i da le , it is in tend 

Km i mi n } <»<siM< • 
in our pages. Vt present 

p,forour to foi f what the undertaking will 

he t.> '1<> tli-' < »i.!» Frei mi ■• ' to notice only 

such as offered then 
to our knowledge in . \i/. : — 

IT, 

Xh( \: 77 1 1" le maj Certi much lion: • | ( I » 

sitting al Boston the that tl Wl • i ami - ar rn- 

(I, i- w ret ten being in full communion with the Church of chrisl in MedflVild 
and otherwise quail ifl to Law Desire that the; d 

to the flfredom of this Couion Weltb. 

< median m ! . Idami 

Jonathn Mor I 

'l>li Bullin 

p G ti r. 



Mav 29 1 ( '77. Thi I "' it ma; I ru J l 

M • . lv ■ I ird 1 mii • i & 
Mr. 11 
are members in full Comun ion n I lurchoffl 

1 1 



1. 4: 77. nses. ffl 

Timoth) U Ik i 
John M< riam 
S muel J< 
an- in lull communion with the Chui I 






June ■ l "' 1 677. • M , ' ' ' 
there in full comunion : r 
1 ■■ admitted to j* fin i don I ollony all 

\\ . hon. 



JThese psona arc in full Comunion with the Church I in Woo- 

burn desiring their freedome 

John Walker 
John Carter 
John Berbeane 

[On the same paper.] James Blake in full Comunion with } c church in 
Dorchester & 24 years of ag< I No signature* 

* Felt, Ipswich, is, 19. See, also, JnnaU nf Sal ■ 

\ This mark is on the original paper, but why is not fully apparent 

| The following entries are without date, but are believed to l»c all of 107" 



44 Early "Freemen" in New England. [Jan. 

Steuen Greenlef Junir 
Jacob tapin 
Retcherd bartlet Junir 
these are Members of the Churtch of Nubery in full Comunion. 

[No signature.] 



John Eaton 
Samuel Lamson 
Henery Merow 
Sebred Tailor 
These are members in full Comunion in y e Church of Redding. 

[No signature.] 



The names of such as Are in full Communion with the Church of Christ 
in Charlstowne: for freedom 

Mr. Samuell No well 

Mr. John Phillips 

Christofer Goodin 

James Millar 

Mr. John Blaney. [No signature.] 



Samuell Stodder 
Andrew lane 
John tucker 
Are members of the Church of Hingham in full Coihunion desire to be 
freemen. [No signature.] 



Joseph Parmeter 
a householder & member of the Church of Brantry in full Comunion De- 
sires to be a freeman of this Comonwcalth. 

[In another hand.] Samuel Wintworth 

a householder fo in full comunion with y c Church of Douer desires the 
ffreedom of this coiHon wealth. [No signature.] 



John Wales Senior 
A member of the Church of Christ in Dorchester desires his freedome.* 

[In another hand.] John White sen r 

of Muddy Riuer [now Brookline] being in full Comunion with the Church 
of Roxbury desiercth his Freedom. [No signature.] 



Salem Mr. Jn° Hathorne 

Manasser Marsten 
Henry Skery Jun 
all in full Comunion. [No signature.] 

* A cross stands in the margin against both these entries. They signified, probably, 
that the matter of each had been disposed of or acted upon. 



p $$. II 

mm wi 

\\ 

I 



*r- ' ' 






ii * i « i ' 



• 



I 

m 

1 

! 

, # 

lit 

Miav hat 

. 

! / 

\ » 

! 

1 
I 



AN OLD l'K!\ 1 l\(, PRJ SS 

1 

I 
fully >\ itliin tli — 

h 
our littl I 1 

v in lli' w ) 

n in almoei I . 

it vraa printed I 

■i it, 
also, \\.t> printi d the iii>t roton 

it is constm R I 

three pulls, though two w 

MOIL Il IB tin 

printed jr Mr. 8a i Journal. 



46 



Wobum Burying- Ground. 



{Jan. 



WOBURN BURYING-GROUND. 

[Communicated by Mr. N. Wyman, Jk. — Continued from p. 387, of Vol. II. J 



Richardson 

Buck 

Tyng 

Stone 

Wyman 

Coggen 

Winn 

Walker 

Hartwell 

Wright 

Carter 

Hill 

Richardson 

Flegg [Flagg] 



Richardson 

Wright 

Carter 

Richardson 

Blanchard 

Carter 
it 

Convers 

Belknap 

Hartwell 

Alexander 

Wright 

Reed 

Pool 

Wood 

Richardson 

Snow 

Reed 

Richardson 

Sawyer 

Snow 

Richardson 

Brooks 

Richardson 

Kendall 



Mathew s of Thomas & Rebeckah 

James s of Samuel & Abigail 

Johnathan Esq r 

Abigail w of Dea Samuel 

Samuel 

Capt John 

Elisalett w of Timothy 

Judeth w of Dea Samuel 

Precilla d of Joseph & Ruhamah 

Phebe d of Josiah & Ruth 

Ruth w of Lieut John 

Doct Isaac 

Susanna w of Samuel 

Col Eleazer Esq 

A faithful Christian, and a pious liver 

to any in distress, a cheerful giver. 

The widovs solace in a doubtful case, 

Yea and a father to the fatherless. 

A Tender husband, and a parent kind, 

a Faithful friend, which who, O who can find. 

All this was he and more, but now at rest, 

the memory of the righteous man is blest. 

Susanna w to Josiah 
Abigail w of John 
Lieut John 
Esther wid to Nathan 
Jonathan s of Jacob & Abigail 
William s of Samuel & Margery 
Margery 

Benjamin s of Cap* Robert & Mary 
Ruth d of Samuel & Lydia 
John s of Joseph 8c Ruhamah 
Philip s of Philip Jr & Sarah 
James 

Abigail d of Lieut Thomas & Sarah 
Lieut Thomas 

Jonathan s of Jonathan Esq & Esther 
Ruth d of Josiah & Abigail 
Bridget d of Capt Stephen & Bridget 
Esther w of Isaac 
Sarah wid of Lieut Thomas 
Tabitha w of Nathan 
Joshua 

Esther d of Isaac & Esther 
Mary w of Thomas d to John & Jo- 
anna Russell 
Hannah w John 
Lucy d Joshua & Eunice 
Elisabeth w Lieu* Samuel 

[To be continued.] 



Feb 11 1723 1-10-8 
Dec 3 1728 9y 
Jan 19 1723-4 81 
May 11 1718 71 
May 17 1725 about 58 
Feb 17 1725 50 
May 14 1714 about 34 
Nov 14 1724 57 
Aug 28 1725 15y 3-8 
Dec 7 1724 3y 
Jan 10 1724 55 
Jan 9 1723 29 
Aug 6 1726 42 
July 12 1726 56 



Mar 


6 1726 about 29 


Apr 


6 1726 84 


Apr 


8 1727 75 


Nov 


10 1727 27y 


Sept 


14 1727 7y 


Oct 


6 1728 1-11-11 


Sept 


23 1728 3-8-6 


Aug 


17 1729 ll th y 


June 


27 1734 2-7-16 


May 


1 1734 9y 6m 


May 


13 1734 18y 


Jan 


6 1734-5 59 


Dec 


7 1736 15-6-14 


Aug 


18 1736 54-1-23 


July 


23 1736 7-11-16 


Aug 


2 1736 37y 


Sept 


27 1736 14y 


Mar 


30 1737 33 


June 


211737 49-1-17 


Nov 


25 1739 33y 


Mar 


1 1737-8 54 


Apr 


12 1739 5y 


Jan 11 1741-2 29-3-7 


Apr 


14 1742 26 


Dec 


2 1741 ly 


Jan 10 1741-2 54y 



'.] Early P 



BI< 1'IIK W. . , ill. I. ai:I.Y PI1YSK I \ 

.MAKIi.l I A. <)III<». 

. in the I thai 

in th" vrild< 
has proo ed< '1 tin 
and nui 

•' 

M i -i|»j»i. til 

niting tli" i I 

wal of tfic West, ' ' I -fly 

to tli«- memory of tl.' 
and ch b that their 

les should be ] \ 

promote t! his- 

untry, than j ' Incited in 

thai profession art- foiitn] tin mo- 

r.ilit \ . . and religioi ' ' n«- in<] 

mg sketcl 

was born in II 1 1 . ii \'<-\ . 

1 1 ■ i . i born i 

at 1 iiiiiiii \ tdemy, I I 1 '• \ . 

. I '. rimrd ><\ I \a\ ei lull, I 

i 7-VJ he was -< ttl. <1 in th- I ! i I 

r.s nf I Ia\ «i hill, lie was tl 

idult ag [o tl I W 

th<- colonial regiments at 1 ] 

\ with th N ^ I 

h schools were rare establisl 
Mr True had a class of this kind, amoi 
he obtained a know 1 aim <1 ! I 

sufficient to read medicii 1 1 

a profession, he studied thi healing art under Dr. I II 

popular but \< ry eccentric man, highly eminent a^ a j-1 

emed by his friends Dr True having finished his 
close of th< B ' lutioi W . * olunl 
th«' country by entering as the Burgeon of a pri 
at the town of Newbury port, distant fifteen miles from his bom< . 
for Europe. Soon after reaching their cruisi for.- many 

prizes were taken, the vessel was wrecked on tl I of Holland, thus 

closing abruptly bis prospect of wealth. ' ipwrecked marim 

received kindly by the Hollanders, amongst whomthi intil 

the cessation of hostilities, when he returned to America. In a nthj 

* We beg pardon of the author for inserting hi> name without hi? ty; hot 
he has done too mocfa for the literatnrt and history of the v dited appro- 
priately in our work. It i> unnoci-jsarv to sperifv the works of Dr. HlT.PBETB at this. 

time, as they must be known to most of our readers as well as to us. 



8 Early Physicians in 3Taridtta, Ohio. [Jan. 

after this he entered on the practice of medicine in Gilmanton, N. II , where 
he remained three or four years. The Ohio company was organized in 
1787, and feeling a strong desire to visit the enchanting regions in the val- 
ley of the Ohio so admirably described by the writers and travellers of that 
day, he became an associate, and bidding adieu to the land of his birth, came 
out in company with a family from Newhuryport, reaching the mouth of 
the Muskingum early in the summer of 1788. The settlement at Marietta 
had then but few persons in it. The country was covered with a dense 
forest, and there was more employment for able bodied men in clearing 
lands and building log cabins than for physicians. Nevertheless he was 
not disheartened, but erected a small log office for his books and medicine, 
a short distance from the bank of the Muskingum, on what is now called 
Muskingum street, near the dwelling of Mr. William Moulton, a goldsmith, 
from Newburyport, in whose family he boarded for several years. At the 
breaking out of the Indian war in January, 1791, he received the appoint- 
ment of surgeon's mate to the infantry and rangers, employed by the Ohio 
company's directors at Marietta, with a salary of twenty-two dollars a month, 
which was a welcome and timely aid during the years of privation which 
attended the war, and sorely tried the resources of the most able among the 
inhabitants. This appointment was held until near the close of the war. 
During the most gloomy and disheartening periods, schools were kept up by 
the inhabitants, as they all had to go into garrisons ; the New Englanders 
deeming the instruction of their children one of their most important duties. 
Dr. True taught a school a part of the time in a large lower room of one of 
the block-houses in the garrison at "the point." While they were in their 
military defences the small pox and scarlet fever, in addition to other dis- 
eases of the climate, broke out amongst the inhabitants, and the doctor had 
to visit several of the stations to attend on the sick. At that period there 
were neither roads nor bridges, and the intercourse between the posts wa3 
carried on by water in canoes, no one travelling the forests but the rangers 
and hunters. It was several years after the peace of 1795 before roads 
were opened, and the visits of the physician, as well as the intercourse of 
the settlers, were still kept up on the water. In descending the Ohio, by 
keeping in the middle of the stream, little danger was apprehended ; but 
in returning up stream, the canoe was necessarily near the shore, and the 
traveller in constant danger from the rifle of the savage. During many 
hazardous trips on visits of mercy to the sick and wounded, he was provi- 
dentially preserved from harm. In after life he was celebrated for his 
sympathy with the afflicted, having himself suffered much from disease. So 
tender was he to the prejudices of his patients, that he seldom prescribed 
without first consulting their opinion as to the medicine to be taken ; and if 
they had any particular objection to the article, it was changed to suit their 
taste, unless it was really necessary in treating the disease that the objec- 
tionable medicine .should be taken. The result of his calm, deliberate judg- 
ment was generally correct, and his treatment of diseases remarkably suc- 
cessful, which was doubtless in part owing to its simplicity ; for it is a 
lamentable fact that many die from too many and improper remedies, as well 
as from the disease itself. After the close of the war he built a small frame 
dwelling house and office, turning his attention to the clearing and cultivat- 
ing a little farm about a mile above the town, on the bank of the Ohio. He 
still remained a bachelor, until the year 1806, when he married Mrs. Mills, 
the relict of Capt. Charles Mills, a very amiable and excellent woman. 
Her maiden name was Sarah Boardman, a native of the town of Wrentham, 
Mass. In the year 1798, he became united to the Congregational church 



184 / PI 

in M.u i- II Rev. Daniel S an nncl 

th<- late >) I ty in 

Ohio, In this chop ! 

'■'. ith <_'• lit v. I lis chn 

only limited by 
on tin in a Inrpr j e avails of his attend- 

ance on i ichi r patient*. It i 
company 1- Pore bridg ilk 1 1 

ph} sician f r M irii 11 and the adjacent • 
nfy and thirty mile*, m imn 

I l.iii fool pal I the old 1 ked out bj 

tit - i. The | • ople v. pi I'M! the 

W th him, it litth 

w heth< r the patienl was poor or i iltli 

permitted, to attend on their calls and I «iili t 1m *>•* 

w ho needed. A 

ho bad mi an i I 

to tl i r by ill'- tnm-jn —or 1. ! ad- 

mil I bad cultivati d 

t ai in :i ^iiiali • N 

: kind • which ■ 

luring I 1 daily * isits • 

Jam* U vi r, a partially blii 
itanf ■ of .M 
but tbi n a itoul boy, foui 

. • line apph - in lb 
tliem ; t a little al 

filling bid bosom and pocket* with afakii ; a • 

r bap] i -■> d to 
looking up into tl ' I ; t::. J 

obliged to answer an ; .. , • Why 

James you are «>n th<- wrong tree; that is I 

down, come down my lad, and I n ill b< Ip yon to I in- 

deed the fact, but in his hurry ade tin of his 

mistake. James came down very slowly, expect ii at, and 

the kind language of the doctor onlj him within h. 

But he was pleasantly disappointed I 1 of using harsh 

words or beating the npgressor, as most nun would have a polo 

and knocked off as many apples as he could carry, and dismissed him with 
the request thai when he wanted any i □ him and he would 

assist him in getting them. James, however, nei tin, 

and did all in his power to prevent the other boys from d< 

Pot & i ■ ral of the last years of his life, he held the office of county treas- 
urer, which afforded him a moderate salary without much I bled 
him to extend his charities to the new societies tor the propagation of the 
gospel, and other benevolent purposes, which c:unr into notice about thirty 
years ago, and of which he was a tealous promoter. His bouse was the 
home ot all itinerating preachers of the Congregational and Presbyterian 
sect-; who visited the town and w< 1 in t! f religion. 
Samuel .T. Mills, the projector of foreign missions, -pent two weeks with 
him in 1812, when was formed the "Washington County Bible Society," 
which is still in full operation, and was the first in the valley of the Ohio, 
lie was the "Gaius" of Marietta, although tot* its population it abounded in 
men zealous and liberal in promoting all good works. In his domestic rela- 



50 Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. [Jan. 

tions the doctor was very happy. His wife was a cheerful, humble and 
sincere Christian, with a lively, benevolent temperament, ever ready to aid 
in all his works of charity. By this union he had no issue, but the children 
of his wife were treated with all the love and tenderness he could have be- 
stowed on his own. In person Dr. True was tall and spare, with simple 
but not ungraceful manners. His eyes grey and small, one being destroyed 
by a disease of the optic nerve ; with full, projecting brows ; nose large and 
aquiline ; forehead rather low, but face mild and expressive of benevolence. 
He was a man of whom no enemy could say hard things, and whom every 
one loved and respected. Pie died in 1823, aged 63 years, of the prevailing 
epidemic fever. His memory is still cherished by the descendants of the 
early pioneers, for his universal charity, simplicity of manners, and sincere 
piety. 



DOCTOR THOMAS FARLEY 

"Was the son of General Farley of old Ipswich, Mass. The year of his birth 
is unknown, but probably was about the year 1761 ; as by an old manu- 
script recipe book now in the possession of the writer, it is ascertained that 
he studied medicine in 1782, at Salem, with Dr. Holyoke. He came to 
Marietta in the spring or summer of 1788, the same year with Dr. True. 
He was the attending physician of General Varnum, one of the judges of 
the North West Territory, who died at Marietta of consumption, in Janu- 
ary, 1789, as appears from his bill of attendance found among the papers 
of the administrator. Col. Joseph Barker, one of the early settlers, says of 
him, "He was a modest, amiable young man, always ready to obey the calls 
of humanity, and had the good will and confidence of all who knew him." 
The country being new, and but few people in the settlements, he became 
discouraged and returned to his former home in the autumn of 1790, and 
did not return again to the territory. His subsequent life and place of res- 
idence are unknown. 



DOCTOR SOLOMON DROWN 

Was a native of Rhode Island, and came out to Marietta as one of the pro- 
prietors and agents of the Ohio Land company, in the summer of 1788. It 
does not appear that he intended to settle in the country as a physician, 
although he attended on General Varnum as consulting physician in the 
sickness of which he died, in January, 1789. He w r as educated at Brown 
University, R. I., and was a man of literature and classical elegance as a 
writer. The directors of the Ohio company selected him to pronounce the 
eulogy at the funeral of General Varnum, which was published at Newport, 
R. I., the same year. He also delivered the first address on the seventh of 
April, 1789, the anniversary of the landing of the settlers at Marietta, 
which day was strictly observed for many years as a public festival, and is 
yet commemorated by "picnic" parties. This was also published but is 
now rare. At the breaking out of the w r ar with the western tribes, he re- 
turned to Rhode Island and was appinted Professor of Botany and Natural 
History in Brown University, which post he filled for many years. The 
time of his death is unknown. 



DOCTOR WILLIAM PITT PUTNAM 
Was the fourth son of Col. Israel Putnam of Brooklyne, Connecticut, and 



■ ■■•. j //■ ' /• 

the grand jon of ( Sencral I Putnam. II 

. 1 7 7" [lis boy] i which 

worked in »]-•• tummi 
winter. At tli Danii 

\VI 

i ) i ) , n 

of t ( '"ii_'i. gat ion nl church in thai to 

\\ itli him the) boarded through the w< S l 

I I Latin I \ I 

i he began to n ud m< I I AI- 

. • Waldo of I ' ' 

be army dui ing the w ar of ' ' , and i 

branch only. With him he remained two I 1 7 1 1 . '.,- da 

course of medic d lecture! al < ' 

\\ i rren and Wat< rh< »us< both ceh bi 

of thai daj .. In May, 1792 bid I N •! N If, 

Territor) . as app< G G I 

recommending bim to bi* fa ' Putnam was a j 

prietor in the Ohio company, and bad visit* I M n 1788, retun 

jusl before the breaking oul of the war in 179 

it imprudenl i<» bring them on until \< , which t<»c>k pi 

five years after. ():i bis arrival, which waa in the initial <•! the war, 
commenced the pi 
pre, w here bis broth* r, I. W. V 

his father. Th( i in 

number, \\ bile the 

one*a life waa in d rriaon. 

I 'ml. r these circumatancca I at M until tl 

when In- returned to Connecticut, and mai M H G ■ 

< 1 : m i ■_• 1 1 1 . • r- of Dr Gl} ssnn i I W in thai I 

with lii- father And family he n tun 

tice. In 1797 he purchased ihe city a Col. M 

aides, containing six acres, and 

where the mansion now Btanda, in whicl mily li\< •! 

<»n their removal to Marietta the followi ! 

many difli 'ultiea in the practice of medicine in a new country, and the \ 
pie generally poor, although be had a full 

fidence, he purchased n trad of two hundn the Ohio I 

miles above Marietta, and commenced clearing a farm. Tin- fatigues and 
exposures of this new occupation in tin- heal of summer brought on an at- 
tack of bilious t'c\ hi eh he died the 8th ol « I I ber, 1800, leaving 
issue to bear onward bia name Hi^ widow subsequently married General 
Edward Tupper, and is v.t living in Gallipolis. In person Dr. Putnam 
was tall and commanding, witb a cheerful, lively countenam genteel 
address. He was a successful practitioner, and his early death tfas a seri- 
ous loss to the country. 



DOGTOB NATHW ll°rNTOSH 

Waa the: son of Col, William Mcintosh of Needham, BCassachnaetts, and 

born in the year 1762. His father was a man of considerable note, com- 
manding a company of infantry in the continental army, and subsequently 

a colonel in the militia. II >f the delegates in the convention at 



52 Early Physicians of Marietta :, Ohio. [Jan. 

Boston, in January, 1788, on the adoption of the Constitution of the United 
States. After receiving a suitable education, his son Nathan studied medi- 
cine in Boston, about the year 178G. Soon after the formation of the Ohio 
company, he decided on seeking his fortune in the West, and left his father's 
house in 1788, travelling on horseback as far as Harrisburg, Pa , where 
he was attacked with the small pox, suffering severely with that loathsome 
disease. After his recovery, in 1789, he proceeded into the vicinity of 
Hagerstown, Md., and commenced the practice of medicine. It is unknown 
how successful he was, but in 1791, after remaining a while in Clarksburg, 
Va , he moved to Marietta, soon after the breaking out of the Indian war, 
nothing daunted by the hazard of such a step. Soon after his arrival, in 
the spring of that year, he was appointed surgeon's mate to the garrison at 
Waterford, twenty miles above the mouth of the Muskingum, with rations 
and pay of twenty-two dollars a month. This amount, though small, was 
at a time when there was little opportunity for private practice, and was an 
acceptable service. In this post he remained about two years, and becom- 
ing acquainted with Miss Rhoda Shepherd, the daughter of Col. Enoch 
Shepherd and the niece of General Shepherd of Massachusetts, he married 
her in 1792. In the spring of the next year he received an invitation from 
the inhabitants of Clarksburg, Va-, to come and practise medicine in that 
place, which he accepted. In July following he returned lor his wife and 
child, a distance of eighty miles, with an escort of eighteen men to conduct 
her through the wilderness to Harrison county. The journey was performed 
on horseback, at the imminent hazard of life from the Indians, who con- 
stantly waylaid the paths on the routes between the settlements. His pro- 
fessional business was very successful and qui e profitable, as it was a set- 
tlement many years older than that at Marietta, Being full of adventure 
and the New England spirit of Improvement, he contracted to build a bridge 
across the west branch of the Monongahela river at Clarksburg, and war- 
ranted it to stand for a certain period of time. It is a large stream, and 
subject to sudden floods, from its vicinity to the mountains. Soon after its 
completion a great freshet swept it away, to the great damage of the doctor. 
In 1795, he returned with his family to Marietta and again resumed the 
practice of medicine. He was now quite a successful operator in surgery, 
and some difficult cases treated skilfully increased his reputation with the 
public, so that he had at command a large share of business. His fine per- 
sonal appearance, aided by a rich fashionable dress and gentlemanly man- 
ners, greatly promoted his favor with the community. He was naturally 
possessed of a kind, conciliating disposition, ready to attend to the calls of 
the distressed, or oblige his neighbours by any act of courtesy within his 
power. In proof of his charity and good feeling for the unfortunate, his 
treatment of the present Elder Jacob Young, a noted Methodist preacher, 
may be favorably cited. Mr. Young was one of the earliest ministers of 
that sect in the North West Territory. In 1805, during one of his itiner- 
ant rambles through the forests of the West, he was attacked with a fever, 
and lying at a house about a mile distant from the doctor's, sent for him to 
visit him. Perceiving his unpleasant predicament amongst strangers, he 
offered to take him to his own home, where he could both nurse him and 
administer medical aid to better advantage. The offer was accepted ; and 
after a long and tedious illness he was restored to health. For ten days 
and nights of the most dangerous period of his disease, he remained con- 
stantly by the bed side of his patient. Like the good Samaritan of old, all 
this was done without the hope of fee or reward, save the pleasure of doing 
a good act. In the summer of 1847, forty-two years after this event, the 



• ] Early P) 

■ 

\ 

1 I 

■ - i 

tin* I 

I 

I 
i I ' M 

i 

i 
I i 

i i 

I 

I !ly 

! 
brill* • , \| M 

I 

i i 
i 

I with a | 

i ! 
I in tl 

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it ira# 

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tpitality in tl Many of S 

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in tl»' 
finally became extinct, the meml ' 1> 

M Lntosh, hon nued t«> \\ i kin- 

dred subjects, I immim and 

linst nil 
d. The I it tor his pultlic <i 

where he often harangued I - n itfa 

isidi rable elo [uei 
add] S i after the • doctrine, be in • 



54 Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. [Jan. 

great measure declined the practice of medicine, and turned his attention to 
the manufacture of bricks, erecting many buildings on contract, working 
diligently in the brickyard as well as with the trowel. He was a man of 
great industry, temperate in all his habits, and of the strictest honesty ; pos- 
sessing the good will and confidence of the community. He published a 
volume on the science of "Scripture Correspondencies,'' which is now rare. 
He died of the epidemic fever in September, 1823, aged 61 years, leaving 
a family of four sons and a daughter. His two remaining sons rank among 
the most enterprising men for wealth and activity in business. 



DOCTOR JOSIAH IIART 

Was born in Berlin, Connecticut, about the year 1738. Of his early life 
little is known to the writer. He was prepared for college by the Rev. Dr. 
Norris, and graduated at Yale, in 1762. At this time he had expected to 
study divinity, but for some cause he changed his views and read medicine 
under Dr. Potter of Wallingford, Ct., a celebrated physician and preceptor 
of that day. In 1765, he married Miss Abigail Sluman of Stonington, and 
commenced the practice of medicine in Wethersfield. At the breaking out 
of the War of Independence he was found on the side of his oppressed 
country, and turned out in defence of her rights by serving as a surgeon of 
a regiment in the United States Army for several years, and used, in after 
life, to describe with great minuteness some of the capital operations under 
his care. In June, 1777, during the most exciting period of the war, when 
Burgoyne threatened to overrun the country by dividing the New England 
states from the Middle ones, he lost his wife, then the mother of seven 
children, four sons and three daughters. The latter are yet living at very 
advanced ages in New England. Two of the sons settled in Ohio. In 
1778, he married Mrs. Abigail Harris. She was a descendant of John 
Bobbins, one of the first settlers of Wethersfield, and a blood relation on 
the mother's side to the celebrated Miles Standish. By the second mar- 
riage he had three daughters. They accompanied him to Marietta, Ohio, 
where he removed after the death of his second wife, in 1796. One of 
them is yet living near that place, as well as several of his grandchildren. 
Of his standing and character as a man and physician while living in 
Wethersfield, Mr. Hezekiah Belden, the town clerk, thus writes: ''He was 
highly esteemed in this town as a physician. His naturally kind feelings 
and his religious views made him at once the attentive physician, tender 
nurse, and the persuasive teacher of righteousness. As a member of soci- 
ety he was respected, beloved, and trusted; discharging the duties of the 
trusts conferred upon him not only with fidelity, but with ability. He more 
than once was a representative of the town in the General Assembly of the 
state, and often filled the more important town offices, as well as that of 
deacon in the church. I knew him well and loved him much ; for from my 
earliest recollection until he removed to the West, he was the family physi- 
cian and intimate friend of my father." The writer of this sketch first 
knew him in 1806, at which time he was practising his calling in Marietta, 
but had become infirm and feeble from asre. He had been married for sev- 
eral years to his third wife, Miss Anna Moulton, a maiden lady from New- 
buryport, Mass. At the formation of the Congregational church in Mari- 
etta, in 1797, he was elected one of the deacons, which station he filled for 
several years. As a proof of the love of science which he still retained in 
old age, it may be stated that he became a member of a chemical society, 






' 






and 

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w ith 1,1- folio* Col. .1 ! ' in 

II is i 

by the Indians, in N 



ORIGINAL SETTLERS 01 SAJ ISB1 BY, NASSAU ill SE1 rS. 

I or O ' . ' n y • 1 

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27Johi I 



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1 Mr. II- rj Bylj 
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7 Rich: Wella 
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11 Join H 

12 M r I Bi 
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1 I .1 I ohham 

15 Jareti Ha Idon 
L6 Jn € B 

17 ll<!u\ Brown 

18 Am : Sadler 

19 R ! >!in:in 

20 -I"! n Steuens 

21 Rob: Hiits 

22 M r Sam: Hall 

23 John 1 1«.\ t 

24 W Holdred 



w Allin 
W B 

N 

•". 1 \ M -ill 

M W II 

Hall 

M i 

37 R : • :t r 

w P 

MI D r 

I 

11 G I 

12 San 

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Phil: ( ballifl 
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18 Ji Bayl; 



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i whi< li I 1 i'- 



Christian Brown 

This is a true I re first listed in 3 Records: as 

attes Tho: Bradbury 1 • 

At a gen" meeting of y* ; B tlisbary 3 d : 12 

Also it was ordered at t y same meeting that all whose names arc berevn- 



5Q 



Original Settlers of Salisbury, Mass. 



[Jan. 



der written shall be accompted townsmen and comoners and none but y to 
this psent, y fc is to say 



Mr. W m Worcester 

Robt. Pike 
W m Partridg 
Rich: Wells 
Mr. Christoi Ball 
W m Buswell 
Jn° Gill 

Rich: Singletary 
Jn° Stevens 
Jn° Dick i son 
Tho: Carter 
Rich: Goodale 
Rich: North 
W m Huntington 
Tho: Rowell 
Tho: Macy 
Phil: Challis 
Josiah Cobham 
Mr. ffrancis Doue 
Joseph Moys 
+Rich: Coy 



Jn°: Coles 
Jn°: Rolf 
Jn° llsley 
Mr. Sam : Winsley 
Mr. Tho: Bradbury 
Sam: Getchell 
Steven fflanders 
Robert Fitts 
W in Brown 
Roger Eastman 
Mr. Sam: Hall 
Abraha Morrill 
Mr Georg Carr 
Jaret Hadon 
Jno: Weed 
Anthony Colby 
Tho: Barnett 
Georg Martyn 
+Jn° Sanders 
Rich: Ball 
Rich: Goodale jun r 
Mr. Sam. Groom 



Jn° Eaton 
Edward ffrench 
Mr. Henry Monday 
Andrew Greely 
Isaac Buswell 
Jn° Severance 
Sam: ffelloes 
Mary Haux worth 
Jn° Clough 
Hen: Brown 
W m Allin 
W m Barns 
M r W m Hooke 
J n°: Bayly Sen: 
Nat: Rowell 
Rich Currier 
W m Sargent 
Jn°: Hoyt 
W m Osgood 
-r-Hen. Ambros 
Anthony New land 
Widow Blasdall 



Georg Golduyer 

This is a true Copie taken out of y e town Records for Salisbury 

As attests Tho: Bradbury. 
All y* y c crosses ar against w r disallowed for being townsmen and 
Comoners Tho: Bradbury rec r . 

This is a true copie of y e originall on file 

as attests Tho: Bradbury rec r . 

M r Wosters rate for 30 ls : the 25: of December 1650. 



John Bayly 


s 

12 


d 

6 


Willi: Allin 




8 

11 


d 

6 


Willi: Huntington 


3 


5 


Georg Carr 




16 


6 


Jarre t Haddon 


6 


10 


Tho: Carter 




8 


6 


Tho: Rowell 


6 


8 


Sam: Hall 




17 


2 


Josiah Cobham 


8 


5 


Robt. Ring 




1 


11 


Willi: Sargent 


7 


4 


Robt. Pike 




10 


8 


Phillip Challis 


7 


6 


Jn°: Cole 




8 


6 


Jno: Weed 


4 


G 


Willi : Partridg 




10 





Vallentine Rowell 


4 


G 


Willi: Barnes 




12 


6 


Tho : Barnett 
Tho: Macy 


5 
15 


10 

8 


Georg Golduyer 
Jn°. Eaton 




18 

7 


3 

8 


Rich: Currier 


4 


G 


Jn°: Rolf 


£1 


00 


5 


Georg Martyn 
Jn°: Hoyt 


3 

6 


G 
6 


Mr. Moodey 
Abraha Morrill 


1 




9 
19 


4 
2 


Antony Colby 
Willi: Osgood 


13 

14 


2 
8 


Rich: North 
Rich: Goodale 






10 
14 


4 



Jno: Clough 


9 


5 


Edward ffrench 


1 


2 





Rodg: Eastman 


8 


3 


Joseph Moys 


00 


4 





Jn°. Dickison 


8 


4 


Mr. Hooke 





10 


1 


Henry Brown 


7 


4 


Jn°: Illsley 





11 


10 



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Mr. Bradbury 17 

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58 Epitaphs, [Jan. 



EPITAPHS. 

The following inscription is taken from a copy in the autograph of the 
Rev. Samuel Sewall of Burlington, Ms.: 

*' Inscription in Concord Burying-Ground Nov. 22. 1811." 

GOD 

Wills us free ; 

Man 

Wills us slaves ; 

I will, as God wills ; 

God's will be done. 

Here lies the body of JOHN JACK, a 

Native of Africa, who died March 1773, 

Aged about sixty years-. 

Tlio born in a land of Slaves, 

He was born free ; 

Tho' he lived in a land of liberty, 

He lived a Slave, 

Till by his honest, tho' stolen labors 

He acquired the source of slavery, 

Which gave him his freedom ; 

Tho' not long before 

Death the grand tirant 

Gave him his final emancipation, 

And set him on a footing with kings. 

Tho' a slave to vice 

He practiced those virtues, 

Without which kings are but Slaves. 



Buckland Clark 

aged 3 years & 

4 months died Nov 1 " 

6 th 1748. 

Also Elizabeth Clark 

aged 1 year & 2 months died 

Oct. 20. 1751. The children 

of Mr. James & Mrs. Ruth Clarke. 



Here lyes y e body of Mrs. Elizabethy 

Honewell, who died October ye 23. 1731. 

in y c 46 th year of her age. 



Here lies the body of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Belcher — 
Widow to Mr. Joseph 
Belcher who departed this life 
Aug. 23. 1762. aged 61 years, b. 1701. 
Copied from Copps Hill Burying-Ground, April 9, 1848. J. W. T 



Lg !'• ] / Life of the Ind Br ml, 



PKiNcir \i- e\ en rs i\ i in: mm: of j i 1 1 : [ndj in 

OllIEF BRANT. 

1! 

Since the publication of our e in the Jmin 

several impoi 

mi the lit.- "I the i 
un : . I 
I 
that one oi \iiii«- in 171". 

■ l 

chief, n 1 1 

of this unsettled 

iii _r of 1. 

• , I nil, with this ii 

fib (,%/ \><m Qua Rash Ton-. 
King oj >/ Maquas. alias King Bran 

l > 
' I by I: Fa v h I ' ' '. 11 

It if B 

ond, tl 
man, as was I- fore c >nclud< 1. Vnd noi 

Btyl< 

article, 

I 

»n. 
[t was ! a to be named 

after thoii r, yet B 

cum II 

father was a ( 

father was of than a 

of his beii n of a STo u 1 1 

to have been . 

it ifl •;,:.. .1 111 - >n 

being named for his grandfath* 

There was printed in Lond< i ... 1 7 ♦ '• 7 . q | unphlct " \ 

Brief N irb \ \\\ e of the Ii ■■ CI "1 in Lei qoo in < ' 

necticut, N « England: F rithful 

Servant of God The K - . Mr, /' Phe second ; 

no» with an Appendix." 

In this work is c< ntaincd the following i I — 



"Joseph Brant, a M . an I oi a I amity of I' 

thai Nation, was educated by Mr. 1! ... '. 

thai tli«' Rev. Charles Jeffry s (a y< img gi nth man. who, out of Lo\- 
to Christ and th< Souls ol M S h a fori 



60 Events in the Life of the Indian Chief Brant. [Jan. 

is sufficient to support himself and an Interpreter, wholly to this glorious 
Service ;) took him for his Interpreter, when he went on his Mission to the 
Mohawks, near Three Years ago. But the War* breaking out at that 
Time between the back Indians and the English, Mr. Smith was obliged 
to return ; but Joseph tarried, and went out with a Company against the 
Indians, and was useful in the War ; in which he behaved so much like 
the Christian and the Soldier, that he gained great Esteem. He now lives 
in a decent manner, and endeavors to teach his poor Brethren the Things 
of God, in which his own Heart seems much engaged. His House is an 
Asylum for Missionaries in that Wilderness." 

When we had proceeded thus far in our account we received other 
important matter from the Rev. William Allen, D. D.,f which is as 
follows : — 

Extract of a letter from Dr. E. Wheelock to the marquis of Lothian, 
dated 

"Lebanon, 7 July, 1763. 

" Mr. Charles Jeffrey Smith, a well accomplished young gentleman, was 
ordained here last week with a view to a mission among remote tribes of 
Indians, and he is this week set out on his long journey into the Indian 
country, with a promising young Mohawk from this school as his Inter- 
preter." 

That this young Mohawk was Joseph Brant is made evident by a letter 
of Dr. Wheelock to Sir Wm. Johnson, dated "Hartford, May 16, 1763," in 
which he says, "I received last evening a paper with your seal, inclosing a 
letter to Joseph from his sister, wrote, I suppose, in the Mohawk language." 
" In my last I informed you of the truly noble and charitable design of Mr. 
C. J. Smith, who has been Joseph's tutor last winter ; his purpose to come 
with Joseph to you as soon as he could get ready for the business of his 
proposed mission ; and that I designed to take Joseph with me to Boston 
and Portsmouth, 6zc , &c." In the same letter he says, that Mr. Smith de- 
pended on Joseph "for a pilot and companion." 

Since writing the above another letter has been found, which furnishes 
other evidence and most conclusive, dated "Hartford, 5 July, 1763," to Sir 
W. J. "I hope you will please to receive as sufficient excuse for Joseph's 
staying so long beyond the time, which I set in my last to you, that the 
Tlev. Mr. Smith was not prepared for the business of his mission sooner. 
I hope you will find he has made such proficiency in the knowledge of 
things useful, as you will esteem sufficient proof of his past diligence in im- 
proving his time and advantages. I can't but hope he may be much per- 
fected in the English tongue by associating with Mr. Smith and serving as 
his Interpreter. He has much endeared himself to me, and I think to every- 
body else, by his good behavior, and I should be very sorry, if any thing 
should prevent his pursuing his studies. I hope he will return to the school 
in the fall of the year and continue through the winter," &e. 

The following is an extract of another letter, to Dr. Gifford, dated "Leb- 
anon, Feb. 24, 1763:" 

* The war of 1763 is evidently meanr. It is often called Pbniiac's War. After the 
fall of the French power in Canada, in 1760, the Indians remained tolerably quiet for 
a time ; but affairs under the rule of the English differed so widely from those under the 
Trench, that their uneasiness broke out into open and fierce hostility, in 1763. 

t Now of Northampton, formerly president of Bowdoin College ; than whom few if any 
are better acquainted with the whole range of our history. To speak of American Biog- 
raphy is to speak of him. 






:♦.] /' '• in fin !.'• • '■ I Brant. 61 

•• \ voting Mohawk of a family of I* ion in thai nation, (his English 

name i- Joseph), of :i sprightly genius, a manly and • 1 dept 

and of :i m wd bem p, 1 ha >n to think 

hi truly to love our Lord Jesus i md bis 

religious affections seem -till \y incn 

It thus appears tha ph and Mr. Smith left I. or Hart 

proceed to the Indian country, Jul} 5 or 6, 17 

school till tlii> time, and nol merely till M 27, I 1 : u d in th R 

istex, p. .".17. < )n the same pij. this joui S\ Sroil in 

1762; the mistake may be Col. S Being in the 

school from Aug. I. L761, to July 5, 1763/ tl 
j<»\ ed I ing man ol 

The interest w hich s ir VVra. Johi 
circumstance thai afb r the d< I bis lad) be h ul I ik< n Joseph's 

\foUy, cither by marriage or without, for h ; and be I 

till In- death. 

5Tou lay, p. 8 16, thai th< Jos< ph ■ 1 >t \ v- 

i \ t> \ \ i ii \ " It tic re w as any doubt, il 
in the writing «»t Dr W . as follows: — 

1761. Aug. l. Joseph Bran! ; 

do. N Mohawk 

do. ( Jcnter, dead ) 

In one of lii- 1< tier I >r. W. writes tl I - ! 

a little different from th<- three forms in which • I in hi- letter 

dated March 1 I. I 7''. 1. h< a hi< h I 

Joseph • is L r "n<- "\ i-r t.) the • neroj 

We now resume our the 

chief. 

177!', July 22. A par I 

men led by Brant, at x I ' >unty, 

N . Y., burn ten houses, tweh •• ; 
considerable era! prisoners.) 

In 1 322, \ the cil ' 

gallant band who were cut off by the [i ' Mi tsink, tnd which 

had been ex] osed to the suns and snows of 18 
forty-four persona were found and publicly • e line of | 

cession was led by the Cadets from \ v t, . tided b 

mile. Major Poppino, who bore a distinguished part in the battle, 
though at this celebration 9 Id, walked in the pr - >n, and 

was one of the pall bearers. 

In the burying-groun 1 adjacent to the Pr sbyterian church in Goshen 
is a monument with this inscription:"^} 

* Excepting the lima he was absent with Kiruand, and on a Halt t<> bis friends, as be- 
fore stated. — Ed. 

f Signifying, according to the author of the history of & hoharie, Tht water is %one. 

\ In Stonr- I 'it, the incidents of this ainur occupy several pag< 

§ The preparatory meeting was held in December, the precedii _ when a commit- 

tee was chosen to collect tln> bones and make the arrangements for the celebration. — 
SpoffonT* Gazetteer, Art. Mimsink. 

H New York Spectator, 2 Aug., 1829. in Holmes's Atmalt l ii. 302. 

if Barber & Howe, Hist. Colls, of New York\ 4 IS. 



62 Events in the Life of the Indian Chief Brant, [Jan. 

'•Erected by the inhabitants of Orange county, 22 July, 1822. Sacred 
to the memory of 44 of their fellow citizens, who fell at the battle of Min- 
isink, 22 July, 1779. 

Benj. Tusten, Col. Itoger Townsend John Carpenter 

Bezaleel Tyler, Capt. Saml. Knapp David Barney 

Samuel Jones " James Knapp Jonathan Haskell 

John Little " Benjamin Bennet Abm. Williams 

John Duncan " William Barker James Mosher 

Benj. Vail " Jonathan Pierce Isaac Ward 

John Wood, Lieut. James Little Baltus Nierpos 

Nathaniel Finch, Adj. Joseph Norris Galmatiel Bailey 

Ephm. Mastin, Ens. Gilbert Vail Moses Thomas 

Ephm. Middaugh, " Abm. Shepherd Eleazer Owens 

Gabriel Wisner, Esq. Joel Decker Adam Emleler 

Stephen Mead Nathan Wade Samuel Little 

Maths. Terwilliger Simon Wait Benjamin Dunning 

Joshua Lockwood, Talmadge Daniel Reed." 

Ephraim Forgerson Jacob Dunning 

We have copied the names contained on the monument, for the double 
reason that the names themselves are a monument to Brant as well as 
to those who ended their days then and there, and to show that nearly 
the whole list are our New England family names.* 

Aug. 29. Battle of Chemung, called by the whites Newtown, but 
now Elmira. Two grand expeditions seem to have been nearly simul- 
taneously undertaken ; one by the refugees and Indians upon the bor- 
ders of Canada, and the other by General Washington, to break up the 
power of the torics and Indians in the direction of Canada. The battle 
of Chemung was the result of these expeditions, and the overthrow of 
the power of the disaffected part of the Five Nations, of whom Brant 
was. 

Of the precise number opposed to the Continentals there is no data 
to be depended upon ; but from the ground occupied by them, the re- 
sistance they made, and other signs known to warriors, their number, it 
was judged, could not have been less than about one thousand; while 
the Continentals, under Sullivan and Poor, amounted to about fifteen 
hundred. The Indians and tories, though they had the disadvantage 
in numbers, had the advantage of position, which was well chosen, and 
time to fortify it, wdiich they appear to have improved to good advan- 
tage. But against this the Americans were provided with artillery. 

Notwithstanding the terror which cannon always excite among In- 
dians, they at this time stood their ground manfully, and " Brant 
seemed everywhere present" to keep their spirits up. "The battle 
was long," but was at length decided by the brigade under Gen. Poor. 
This division of the army performed nearly all the fighting, its advance 
being disputed by Brant in person, until at length he saw he was in 

* Nearly every surname may be found in the publications of Judge Ilinman. And al- 
though we have not seen it expressly stated, there may be no doubt that the Minisink 
country was chiefly settled from Connecticut. That Goshen and its vicinity furnished 
many settlers in that region is more than probable ; as a part of the ancient Minisink was 
named Goshen. 



1849.] /• I l B 

•!. 1 1. ,! 
loo. 1 1 4 ;i ra I ; tnriea iod In 

fnniii'lal'l'' 

It V f mud 

in kill- 
durati< n" " It wai small, a 

tin- WO • Of all : 

fifty. Vmon<; the M ' i|t. 

« ( .11 v. 

I 
it \\a- ':. I ;h in a] 

tie, 1. 

Klat< i ' ) tli i 

! . ■ 

L780. The fii\si 
\ an, \b his n third u if 'I I x < um- 

stan 

1 i . MUs Moore, 

it? irit] M . I ampbcil an 

officer of • ■ I '• 

he had for by 

the ' I 

oitj l which wa 

lordingly d l Butler, 

sioners of I I 

\ • : :l 7. II.: 

pershel I, (eleven ' 

I of the capl \ M 

hifl party were sent 
the double object of dis< :.J 

August. Th< I under B 

;it ( lanajoharic and its \ icinity. 

1 I (. 1 7. \ ■ hundn I I ■ . rts of wl 

appear at 5 1 1 the wl 

Sir .John J 

sand bushels of grain ar whole 

valley of the Schoharie-kill is laid in ndrcd ] 

pie, chiefly the inhabitai • their 1 i \ • 

1 It \ .'.. I the life ol a child taken at £ B 

to its mother with this note, ■• To the i >mi r of 

the rebel ana;, : — 

d John Sullivan * l son of John S ■■'. '-. M iph is 

eopied in onr first volume p. 376 The father wu on, a 

native of Ireland, who emigrated ti N I7S G £ ^ an, 

author of the Hit " her works, was bis I 'this 

note died at his seat in Dmrham 83 Jan 17 tely after 

tin 1 [ndian campaign, and i tmissioiL 

t Stone, ii 

I Simms'a Schoharie, 



64 Events in the Life of the Indian Chief Brant. [Jan. 

" Sir: I send } r ou by one of my runners, the child which he will deliver, 
that you may know that whatever others may do, i" do not make war upon 
women and children. I am sorry to say that I have those engaged with 
me in the service, who are more savage than the savages themselves." 

We find nothing further worthy of notice during the war. 

1784. A grant of land is conferred on Brant and his followers by 
the authorities of Canada. It was located on the Ouise, or Grand 
river, and extended from its entrance into Lake Erie to the head of 
said river, and " in that proportion of six miles breadth from each side 
of the river." On this tract of land Brant made his home the remain- 
der of his days. 

Oct. Brant attends the famous treaty of Fort Stanwix, where Oliver 
Wolcott, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee appeared on the part of the 
Americans. Lafayette w T as also there. There was never, perhaps, a 
greater display of Indian eloquence. Here Cornplanter and Bed Jack- 
et took opposite sides. Brant was now an advocate for peace. 

1785. He visits England and is received with great attention. The 
object of his visit seems to have been claims for services and losses of 
his Indians in the war, and perhaps countenance from the government 
in his endeavors to unite the Indians generally against the United 
States. 

1786. He returns from England, but at what time in the year is 
not ascertained. 

Dec. A great Indian Council is held at the Huron village, near the 
mouth of the Detroit river. Here Brant exerts his influence to form a 
confederacy. 

1791. Nov. 4. Gen. St. Clair's army is defeated with great loss by 
the Indians. A biographer* of Brant thinks he was " the master spirit 
of the Indians" in that bloody affair, but we can come to no such con- 
clusion. 

1792. Brant visits Philadelphia, by invitation from the United 
States government. 

1793. The Indians of the country of the lakes hold a council at the 
Miami rapids, where Brant meets them. 

July. Brant meets Col. Timothy Pickering, Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, 
Mr. Beverly Randolph, and Gen. Chapin, at Gov. Simcoe's at Fort 
Erie. 

1794. Brant erects a Council House for his nation at Grand River. 
Prepares for a war with the United States. 

The news of the terrible defeat of the Indians by Gen. Wayne is re- 
ceived by Brant with despondency. He is said to have been detained 
from sharing in the disaster by sickness. 

This year closed Brant's open hostilities to the United States. 

1795. The civilization of the Indians occupies much of the remain- 
ing period of the life of Brant. 

He is perplexed about the title to his lands by the Canadian govern- 
ment and land jobbers, which continues nearly to the close of his life. 
The time of his death has been given. 

* Col. Stone, Life of Brant, ii. 313. 



18 19. ] Marriage* in An L6 IT to 1700. 



M \l!i:i\i >ES l.\ i HE T< >Wfl OF \\ih)\ EB 

FROM 1647 to 1 1 

[( Jopii 'I for the \ I '. 1 1 ! w m i - Boltw< 

\ 1 . i 1 ' i , - 

I mind Fawkncr A Doratl • l» ' in i n w< re married i S M r 

John U inthi opp 1 Feb. 1 6 17. 
1 1< iu\ Engollg AM ;i \ < i t Andover tb< 

1 653 M s < noil I h ad* lre< 
John ( »— •■«"! & to Cl< 1 1 i\ i rhill the 1 5 N • 

] 653 I--. M i Rob< ; i ( !leman< 
John Lovejoi &W f Osgood irried at [pswich I 

Mr Simons. 
Thomas Johnson & Marj [loll w< married U \ - l< J 

by Mr Simon Bradstn 

I )aniel Pore & Marj I 'arnura I at B 

( r< orge Abbol & S ill la: • ■ \ 

by Mr. Bradstra I. 

Ralph Farnum £ 1 beth II arried Ocl 26 1658. b} Mr. 

Bradstreet. 

Nicholas II"li & Elannah P married June 12. II 

Thomas I ton, & I nit} Smylo hoi Haverhill w< rried at 

Andovi p Jan ,; . 1 658 by Sir Br idsi 

Richard M irgun of I )<«\ er & R a Ilnuldi 

married Mr. _' I 1660 al A fdover bj Mr Simon Bradstn 

.M p Seaborn ( btton vV Mrs Dorothy B 1 I. 

1654. by Mr Bradstn 1 l. 

M p A 1 1< 1 1 - \\ 'in & M n I [ann i 1 1 

1659. 

Ephraim Davis of Haverhill & M in •' \ 

Dec 29. 1660. 

William ( Ihandler & Mar} 1 1 I 

by M p Simons. 

Robert Russell A. M 1 .1 . ; \ 6. IG59 b} Mr 

Bradstreet 
Jobn Browne & Elizabeth arried Ocl 12. 

Samuel Archer & Hanna Osgood wren married May 21. 16 
Thomas Farnum vv Elizabeth Sibborns were married Jul} 8. II 
John Fry 4 Eunice P ere married Od I. 1660 bj Mr. Bradstreet. 

Robert Stileman & Elizabeth Fry were married Oct 1. 1660 l.\ .Mr 

Bradstreet. 
John Stevens & Hanna Barnard married June 13 I 

Andrew Foster & Mary Ruse M June 7 IC 2 

Samuel Hutchins & Hanna Johnson •■ June 24 I 

Stephen Johnson & Elizabeth Dane " Nov 5 1661 

Benjamin Cadye & Mary Peyes[?] •• Feb 1"'. 1663 

John Ruse & Deborah Osgood u Aug 28 1663 

Stephen Qsgood & alary Hooker M Ocl 24 1663 

Thomas Abbol & Sarah Si. -ward - Dec 15 1664 

Joshua Woodman & Elizabeth Stevens •• dan 22 1665 

Joseph Ballerd & Elizabeth Philps " Feb 28 1665 

Nicholas Holt & Widow Prestone " May 21 10(36 



66 



Marriages in Andover from 1647 to 1700. 



[Jan. 



Moses Tyler & Prudence Blake married 

Mark Graves & Elizabeth Farrington " 

Jonathan Cady of Rowly & Hester Chandler " 

John Farnum & Rebecca Kent " 

Walter Wright & Susanna Johnson " 

Hew Stone & Hanna Foster " 

Henry Holt & Sarah Ballerd " 

John Barker & Marv Stevens " 

Joseph Wilson & Mary Louejoy " 

Stephen Barnard & Rebecca How " 

Joseph Marble & Mary Fawkner " 

Joseph Robinson & Phebe Dane " 

Moses Haggett & Joanna Johnson " 

Samuel Fry & Mary Aslett " 

Nathaniel Griffin & Elizabeth Ping " 

Samuel Preston & Susannah Gutterson " 

Alexander Sessions & Elizabeth Spaford " 

Nathaniel Deane & Deliverance Heazletine " 

Mr Nathaniel Wade & Mrs Merry Bradstreet " 

Samuel Wardle &l Sarah Hawkes " 

John Abbot & Sarah Barker " 

Mr Peturne(?) Johnson & Mary Johnson " 

Mr Dudley Bradstreet &, Mrs Ann Price " 

Timothy Johnson & Rebecca Aslett " 
Daniel Bigsbie & Hannah Chandler by W m French " 

Francis Fawkner & Abigail Dane " 

James Holt & Hannah Allen " 

John Stevens & Esther Barker u 

John Chandler & Hannah Abbot " 

William Barker & Mary Dix (or Mix) " 

John Lovejoy & Hannah Prichard " 

Samuel Martin & Abigail Norton " 
Mr Francis Deane & Mrs Mary Thomas by Mr Danforth " 

Samuel Marble & Rebecca Andrew " 

Lawrence Lay & Mary Foster " 

George Abbot & Dorcas Graves u 

William Johnson & Sarah Lovejoy " 

Benjamin Fry & Mary Parker " 

Joseph Wilson & Sarah Lord " 

Zachariah Eires & Elizabeth Chase ' ; 
John Bridges & Mary Post (widdow) 
John Lovejoy & Naomi Hoit 
William Chandler & Bridgett Richardson 
Joseph Stevens & Mary Ingalls 

Nicholas Holt & Mary Russell by Jonathan Danforth 
James Fry & Lydia Osgood 
John Granger & Martha Poor by Capt Adams of 

Chelmsford 
John Aslett & Mary Osgood by Capt Saltonstall 
Joseph Parker & Elizabeth Bridges 
Eph. Stevens & Sarah Abbott 
William Lovejoy & Mary Farnum 
Stephen Parker & Mary Marstone 



July 6 

Nov 14 

Nov 12 

Nov 12 

Feb 26 

Oct 15 

Feb 24 

July 6 

July 4 

May 1 

May 30 

May 30 

Oct 23 

Nov 20 

Aug 26 

May 27 

Apr 24 

Dec 12 

Oct 31 

Jan 9 

Nov 17 

Sep 7 

Nov 12 

Dec 15 

Dec 2 

Oct 12 

Oct 12 

Aug 10 

Dec 20 

Feb 20 

Hi. 12 

Men 30 

9ber 21 

Nov 26 

Aug 5 

Apr 17 

May 23 

May 23 

Apr 24 

June 27 

Mch 1 16 

Mch23 16 

Oct 8 

May 28 

Jan 8 

Jan 20 

Feb 9 

July 8 

Oct 7 

Oct 11 

Nov 29 

Decl 



L849.] ' 1 ' 

( Ihristoplx ■ • ' 1 vv i [ innali 1 
AIm .ii...m I .. ter & 1 
John < > _•<■•■ I A I [annati I 

[) & Hannah Po 

John Ballard A R i II 

\ IreM Mien & Klizabeth H 
Richard Barker iV I [annah Kiml 
William Ballard & I [annah 1 1 
\\ ill, .mi Abbotl iv Klizabeth I -• 
S nnol Phcl| * I iikI!' r 

S mu( I Ingalh Sc S II ndi ick 

John Paulkm r A H ■ V' \ botl 
John T\ ler & I [annah Pai k« r 
\-.<\w ai il l'li- I pa & Ruth Audi i 
Daniel 1 Sc Lydi W ^ 1 1 W 

William ( handler & S l 

John Parnuin & Elizabeth P by Mr S 

W \\ & ! Sadir 

I li njamin \ a- S I arnum 

J firm Blanche n ( Blai \ I 

( In i- tophcr L"\ , |.. . a Sai ih l» 

pli I ."\ eji i & H rah Prich 
Jolm I [oil & Sai : ! i Ct( ry 

I ill'lllllil a S Sti 

• .'. Petci A Elizabeth 
Jacob Mai -:■ n & I 
,!(»lui Allen & M r 

Thomas i !handl< r A. Ma I ' 

I I • & Abigail Wl 
.M i Thomas Barnard Sc Mrs 1 P 
^Y illiam ( 'handler A 1 .!• mi 
John 1 *.u ker & Hannal Bi I 1 

R | d i 
Stephen Barki r & Mary Abbotl 
Samuel 1 [titchinson A Elizabeth I ' 
Abraham M< on vV IV. ilia 1 \ •• 
Eph. 1 ! .M.i i j Eireti 
John ( 'arleton & I [annah < ^ : 1 

I I ijamin i : lV Mai nah M 
John < ruttcrson & \ I Bu< k 

Timothy < >-■_*• I >.v IX'borali l 1 

Pascoe ( 'hubb A Hann th Paull 
John Marstone a^ M n \ < I 
Henr) [ngalls S( a" A S irah Abbotl 
( ii oi j \ ibotl vv Elizab< th Ballard 
John Johnson & Elenor Ballard 
Timothy Abbott vV 1 [annah 1 1 
John Stevi na & Ruth Poor 
Edward Parington A Martha Browi 
Thomas Astin & Hannah Poster 
John St. Mic & M;n-\ Russ 
Nehemiah Abbott & Abigail Lov< joy 

nh Chandler & Sarah Abbott 





d M 






.1 ilj 13 l 


• -1 




17 1 




•• 


1 G 




•• 


. l G 


1 -l 




n I 


- -1 


•• 


21 






A pi 




•• 


.! ,:'■ 19 




•• 


M 




« 


Jul 




•• 


' 1 






& ( ,t 1 1 






M 






\ 






1 1 




I •' 


1" 






S ;• 9 




• 














M 










•■ 








1 1 




•• 


I ■ 




•• 












•• 


! 












h II 




•• 


•Jl 










•• 


J 1 










•• 


\ 






Dec H 




.. 


M b 19 16 




■• 


\ i 27 






Ja 






; i 










•• 


■ 




• 




■ 




A 




•• 


§ 




•• 


- - 13 




- 


D 27 




" 


I» go 




« 


\ pr 9 




u 


S i l-"» 




u 


Noi 1 1 




u 


Apr 9 


6 '1 


• • 


N 7 26 





68 



Marriages in Andover from 1647 to 1700. 



[Jan. 



Samuel Astin & Lucy Poor 

James Johnson & Elizabeth Peters 

Hooker Osgood & Dorothy Wood 

James Bridges & Sarah Marstone 

Joseph Ballard Sen & Rebeccah Horn (widdow) 

Nathan Stevens & Elizabeth Abbott 

Thomas Farnum & Hannah Hutchinson 

Francis Johnson & Sarah Hawkes 

Ebenezer Lovcjoy & Mary Foster 

John Farnum & Mary Tyler 

Joseph Emerie & Elizabeth Merritt 

Peter Johnson & Mehitabell Farnum 

Samuel Holt & Hannah Farnum 

Nathaniel Lovejoy & Dorothy Hoyt 

Samuel Preston & Sarah Bridges 

Dane Robinson & Mary Chad wick 

Richard Carrier & Elizabeth Sessions 

Joseph Carleton & Abigail Osgood 

John Frv & Martha Farnum 

Stephen Parker & Susannah Devereux 

James Ingalls & Hannah Abbott 

Joseph Marble &: Hannah Barnard 

John Russ & Hannah Ross 

Nathaniel Abbot & Dorcas Hibbert 

Henry Chandler & Lydia Abbott 

Mr Thomas Barnard & Mrs Abigail Bull 

John Ingalls & Sarah Russell 

Joseph Stevens &d Mary Fry 

John Wright & Mercie Ward well 

Robert Busswell & Hannah Tyler 

Thomas Abbott & Hannah Grey 

Samuel Farnum & Hannah Holt 

Samuel Peters & Phoebe Fry 

Oliver Holt & Hannah Russell 

Joseph Ballard & Rebecca Johnson 

Thomas Blanchard & Rose Holmes of Marshneld 

George Holt & Elizabeth Farnum 

Henry Gray & Mary Blunt 

Stephen Osgood & Hannah Blanchard 

Joseph Wilson & Mary Richardson 

Ephraim Farnum & Priscilla Holt 

Joseph Osgood & Mary Marble 

Moses Haggett Sz Martha Granger 



married Oct 11 1691 
" Apr 26 1692 
" Apr 13 1692 
" May 24 1692 
Nov 15 1692 
« Oct 24 1692 

" May 14 1693 
" Feb 1 1693 

" July 11 1693 
June 30 1693 
« Oct 2 1693 

" Nov 29 1693 
Mch 28 1693 
" Mch 21 1693-4 
" Apr 2 1694 

" Jan 18 1693-4 
" July 18 1694 
" Aug 2 1694 

" Nov 1 1694 

" Jan 10 1694-5 
" Apr 16 1695 
" Apr 23 1695 
" May 6 1695 

" Oct 22 1695 

" Nov 28 1 695 
" Apr 28 1696 
" June 10 1696 
" Dec 22 1696 
" Aug 31 1697 
" Dec 9 1697 

" Dec 7 1697 

" Jan 4 1697-8 
« Dec 15 1696 
« Mch 9 1697-8 
" Aug 17 1698 
" Mch 22 1698-9 
" May 10 1698 
" May 3 1699 

" May 24 1699 

Jan 25 1699-70 [1700] 

Mch 20 1699-70 [1700] 

May 8 1700 

Feb 21 1699-70 [1700] 



When we say that Otis, Adams, Mayhew, Henry, Lee, Jefferson, &c, 
were authors of independence, we ought to say they were only awakeners 
and revivers of the original fundamental principle of colonization. 

John Adams. 



1 9 !'•'. I Ancii at h ■ ds in R //. ( ' nn, 

A\< I ENT DEEDS IN W < K3DBURY, ( I >.\\". 

( OPl ED FROM in: TOWN RECORDS, B< >OK I. 
in WILLIAM COTHREN 

Whereas I. John Davis am pro] I to go 

Common enemy, I do in si orl and in great bn 
lv make ovei and confirm all my int< n I in i . - in 

\\ oodbury to mv two sons, John and Samui 1 < qually t< >en 

them, n ben il. kin their r< with tl 

they do each of them pay to th i> - ?ister, : > ' D /is \ ' third 

pari of their then \ allied accomn hall be valu< I 

aforesaid ; and thai this my A md \ a- 

lidity ;i- any will or testament whatsoev< r . I and 

signified l»\ my subscribing h< r< to \ - 

• . . . 

Witnessed by ua ) John Davis 

John Minor 

Joseph Minor ) Woo Ibui ■• T EL, B I. • 18. 



[ndian Deed. 

\ I*. cord of o pare* 11 of Land to La wis W In I utannimo b 

chem al Pagasetl i? as folio we th. 

This present writing witness* tli that 1 Taul nimo a S t P 

ett, Considerations mov< do fully and fred) make over, 

alienate and git e from n and 1 ! 

heirs, a parcel) of Land bounded as Ibl I I; Soutl 

Naugatunck Ki\ i p Northeast, a x 

marked by me and other Indian-. y< said II of all 

Pagasctl Indians, freely 's-\ <■ it to I I. I W 

cr Ami I do fully give s* 1 Leu. Thoi to have it 

recorded to him and his heirs according to y* L I I 

lish, in witness h< n unto 1 int< rchang< abl} my hand this 20 of April 

L659 y 9 names of y' [ndians that subscril 

Subscribed in pr of 

John Wells I i itannio 

Richard Harvey ! Paquaha 

Thomas ITffbot 1 'agas< tl Jami - 

John ( lurtis • | Monsuck 

John Minor v - , USO 

This is a true copy of 3 e deed 

by me Joseph 1 law ley. 
Woodbury T. R., B. I., p. 07. 



IND] W 1 >!.! D 

Know all men by these presents that I. 0< - y f only Sachem of 

Pagasett, do freely give and bequeath unto my loveing iVi- nds, Ensign Jo- 
seph Judson, Mr. Joseph Hawley and John Minor of Stratford in y* Colony 
of Connecticut, a parcell of Land, be it more or less, lying on v' West dde 

* Mr. Cothren informs as thai he is preparing for publication a history of "Woodbury. 
He has furnished us with a List of marriages and deaths in that town, which wc shall lay 
before our readers at some future time. 



70 The Vicar of Bray. [Jan. 

of y e Land, which y e aforesaid Town of Stratford hath purchased of me, and 
it being all that lyeth on y e West of what is already purchased, that be- 
longs to rae and Pagasett Indians, that I give ye above said tract of land to 
y c aforenamed, to have and to hold without molestation or trouble by any 
Indian or Indians whatsoever, I say to them and their heirs forever, as 
witness my hand this 22 nd of April 16G5. 
Witnessed by us ^ 

Henry Tomlynson > OcZ-enonge H his mark 

Jabez Hardger ) Witnessed by us 

Nansantaways T mark 
Chipps C his mark 

Pr John Minor, Recorder. 
Woodbury T. R., B. L, p. 81. 



Indian Deed. 

Be it known unto all men by this present, that we, Wompeag and Se- 
quackana and Sewatams do sell to Moses Wheeler, Ferryman, a parcell of 
ground lying alongst Potateuk River, y e East end being on a small brook, 
which they say is Nagumpe, y e West end bounding to a great Rock, which 
reaches y e full length of all that plain piece of ground, and also to have two 
Mile and a half of ground on ye upland, and all y e meadow within y e 
bounds, we whose names are above written do sell to y e said Moses, and do 
bind ourselves, that he shall peaceably enjoy it, he or his assigns, in witness 
whereof we set to our hand and seal. 
Sealed and delivered "] 

in presence of Wompeag Q mark 

Wombe T Witness y Sequackana 2 mark 

Samuel Wheeler Sewatams X mark 

Moses Johnson J Apl 12 th 1659. 

In consideration of this we are to have five Pounds and one Girdle of 
which we have received three Pounds sixteen shillings, Received by me 
with y e Consent of y e others this full sum of Five Pounds and one Girdle in 
full satisfaction for this Land. 

IF Wompeag, mark 
This is a true Copy this 24 January 1 Mb. 

Woodbury T. R., B. I, p. 82-3. 



THE VICAR OF BRAY. 

The origin of the proverb " The Vicar of Bray will be Vicar of Bray 
still" is found thus expounded in Fuller's Worthies of England : 

" Bray is a village well known in Barkshire ; the vivacious Vicar where- 
of, living under King Henry the Eigth, King Edward the Sixth, Queen 
Mary and Queen Elizabeth, was first a papist, then a protestant ; then a 
papist, then a protestant again. This Vicar being taxed by one for being a 
turn-coat, Not so, (said he,) for I always kept my principle ; which is this, 
to live and die Vicar of Bray. To this Fuller adds, ' such are men now-a- 
days, who, though they cannot turn the wind, they turn their mills, and set 
them so, that wheresoever it bloweth, their grist should certainly be ground.'" 

"Rat. 



18 19. ] Em ly /•' ? 1 tM. 71 

EARL! i:i( ORDS OF W El liOl 'I'll. 

rus Obcutt, for the N. ] f 1 N [] 

Tii' • e records arc laid t" ! I cjuai 

which i- ii' '\\ I' 

I'M .s ard »n of John & Su ao I '• rn I >•■•• 1 • ' 

Pbebe daught< r of John and Jane I ■■ Feb 1 '•• 

Jons - ---ii of Jonfi I lump] u Feb 24 

Elizabeth Daughter of John d V lice 8 •• Feb 26 

Jamc vV A lice I »udd< na child I 1 2 

J-.Im nc *er son of " ^1 i 

Ephraira son of John & Mary Osborn " \ 

Samuel son of Samuel « v Mai Pitt ■■ 4a 

Thomas of ^ illiam A I ,\\ car* th ( b ird •• S 

Naomi Bicknell " Jui 

Abraham Bon of John & Alice S " Oct 10 

& M irj Phillips I> 

Lidda of James vV Elizabeth Pn is! ■• I b 12 

William son of William A I ■■ th II M J u 

Enoch -"ii of Ephraim & Ebb< * Hunt •' r -". , 

\ ■ haniel Jon of A.ndn « a I I ril '■ r '■'< 1 

Joseph on of Joseph & Elizabeth Gr< " Ipril 2 

John son of John a. Jane Lo* ell ■ M 

Lois & Eunice Daughters of John llolbi *■ Maj 12 

Ebenez( r Bon of John & v rah Whitmar j I 1 

John -"ii of Jonas and Martha Elumphi u \ 
John Bon of Thomas & Abigail W hitman 

Samuel son of Samuel & Mary \'< ■ Sept 7 

Thomas son of John & R Bui "Feb 2 

William son of Thomas Pratt " March 6 

John son of Thomas A Jan< Drake '■ March 12 

John sun of John a. Esth< r King \; ' '- 

Susanna of Samuel a Experience Ki Ma} 6 

John on of William >v Marj Pitfc j I h x i 

Samuel son of Josiah & Mar} ( hapin u Noi 11 

Nicholas Bon of Walter ( took " Feb 9 

Man daughter of John A Ann Reynolds u Mar 15 

Mar\ Daughter of John A Alice Shaw •• March 24 

John son of Nathaniel & Susan Blancher •■ M ir 27 

Ebenezer son of Andrew & Eleanor Ford Mar 1 ^ 

Mary Daughter of John & Phebe raylor - May Iti 

Benjamin son of William & Grace R •■ May 19 

Mary of Richard & Mary Philli] - •• M q 21 

Benjamin son of Richard Newbury u May 22 

Caleb son of William Chard •• Oct 19 

Ruth Daughter of John & Mary Bicknell •• Oct 26 

Elizabeth of John & Jane Lovell - Oct 28 

Simon son of John & Sarah Whitmarsh •• Mar 11 

Hannah of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh •• liar 25 

Mary of Samuel & Mary Bayley •• April 30 

William son of William a. Mary Pit M May 12 

Sarah of Jonas & Martha Humphrey u May 1G 



657 

1 

660 

• 

660 
660 
661 
661 
661 
661 
G61 



72 Early Records of Weymouth. [Jan. 

Experience of John & Elizabeth Holbrook born May 23 1661 

Mary of Richard & Mary Phillips " May 24 1661 

William son of Thomas & Jane Drake " May 30 1661 

Judah son of Samuel & Hannah Pratt " June 25 1661 

John son of Joseph & Elizabeth Green " July 16 1661 

Silence of Andrew Ford " Nov 13 1661 

John son of John & Esther King " Dec 25 1661 

Christian of Thomas & Ruth Bayley " Feb 26 1661 

Joshua son of Richard & Mary Phillips " May 10 1662 

Lidda Daughter of James Preist " Mar 16 1662 

Mary of James & Mary Smith " Mar 22 1662 

John son of John & Mary Vining " April 15 1662 

Mary of Stephen & Hannah French " May 11 1662 

Ichabod son of John & Elizabeth Holbrook " May 30 1662 

Nicholas son of John & Alice Shaw " May 23 1662 

Sarah of John & Sarah Comar " July 10 1662 

Elizabeth of Samuel & Experience King " Sept 23 1662 

James son of John & Jane Lovell " Oct 23 1662 

Corneilus son of William Holbrook « Nov 19 1662 

Hannah of Thomas & Experience Bolter " Nov 30 1662 

Mary of Nathaniel & Susanna Blancher " Dec 1 1662 

Joseph son of Joseph & Lidda White " Dec 16 1662 

Joanna Bicknell « March 2 1663 

Mary Daughter of William & Elizabeth Chard " April 8 1663 

of John & Sarah Whitmarsh " Aug 14 1663 

of Samuel & Hannah Pratt " Aug 17 1663 

Mary of John & Deliverance Porter " Oct 12 1663 

Joseph son of Thomas & Jane Drake " Octo 28 1663 

Prudence of Andrew & Ellen Ford " Dec 22 1663 

Ruth of John & Abigail Whitman " Feb 11663 

James son of Samuel & Mary Bayley " Feb 21 1663 

John of John & Elizabeth Holice " Mar 28 1664 

Nicholas son of Richard & Mary Phillips " Mar 30 1664 

Mary of John & Mary Rodgers " April 3 1664 

Joanna of James & Mary Smith " April 4 1664 

Elizabeth of Joseph & Elizabeth- Green " April 5 1664 

Jane of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh u April 8 1664 

Joseph son of John & Alice Shaw " April 15 1664 

John son of John & Elizabeth Kingman " April 30 1664 

Sarah of Joseph & Sarah Pratt " May 31 1664 

Stephen son of Stephen & Hannah French " June 11 1664 

Mary of John & Mary Vining " June 18 1664 

Rebecka of Thomas Kingman " July 2 1664 

Ephraim son of John &, Rebecca Burrell " July 19 1664 

Esther of John & Esther King " Sept 28 1664 

Experience of Samuel & Experience King " Oct 6 1664 

Deborah of James & Jane Lovell " Jan 8 1664 

Joseph son of Richard & Rebecca Gurney " Feb 23 1664 

William son of John & Jane Lovell " Feb 24 1664 

Susanna of John & Deliverance Porter " June 2 1 665 

James son of Jonas & Martha Humphrey " Sept 16 1665 

Matthew son of Matthew Pratt " Sept 18 1665 

Nathaniel son of Nat h & Susanna Blancher " Sept 25 1665 

[To be continued] 



L841K] 



/>..//./ /: and his I) 






s< m i *CC01 NT OF I'l. \< I >\ J( )ll\ i;i I i.i.i: I >i PELHAM, 

II.. \.\]> OF Ills DK8( END \ N 1 S 

1 1 | 
i 
IN Caleb Butler m. Hi 

I - 

I I \ I - - 

." m 

. 
A 
1 v - I : . 1 7 .' 

I » 
I 

10 *Solomoi i I 789 d. n 

11 P 

I ' [L< 

- ft 

HI. Bulah Butler in I >:-. J< u 



i *i 

3 • Polly, 
ohn, 

'» R< iben I n'mond, b. Juni 

6 I 

■ 



1-177 
I > ■ i . \ 1 1 

b Mai li 12, 177 

i -- . . . \ v 

\. H. 
I>. .!•, 

! ' 



n i 

III. ABIG vii l'.i i i I i; ii .!. IftRPn w 
I .1 I. April ! '. I 7 

•J • !'.« iij imin, b. 

•■ "I- 1 ! Ill 1 I - - \ ' lf - 

.. I luul '< US, '■ 1 '■. I - 1 . ' . 

/ v 

l». ] I 

5 I.' 1>. M.i\ _'. 1 768 in. Willi mi \\ 

6 ! 1). July : w id. 

7 I > '17 7 1:- \ 

v Polly, 7 1 773, m in Haml 

9 I lulda, I), i I ,1775 m. ' im 

10 l'.< njamin, 1». M m. A 

ii Cyrus b. M h 1784 m. B 

L5 II. 
Ill Nihimuii Butler m. Ltdii Wood. 



i Moseph, 
2 Lydia, 
■"• Nehemiah, 
i Phebe, 
"> Josiab, 
6 Delilah, 



b. Aug. 20, 1 77 1. d. l oung. 

b. Am,v 31, 1775, m. E jah Trull of Billerica and Tow: - 

b, Nov. 25, 1776, in. I 

b. Aug. 23, 1778, m. Eliphalef Parker of I 

1 >ec 4, 1 779, in. Hannah 

b. April 28. 1781. m. Dol< 
5 



74 



Deacon John Butler and his Descendants. 



[Jan. 



(1.5. II. 3.) 
III. Gideon Butler m. Mary Eogers. Lived in Nottingham West. 

1 *Lois, b. June 17, 1776, d. young. 

2 Joseph, b. Jan. 18, 1779, m. Hannah Butler. 

3 Catharine, b. April 15, 1781, m. Reuben Coburn. 

4 Lois, b. Feb. 4, 1784, m. Hugh Smith. 

(1.5. II. 4.) 
III. Molly Butler m. Timothy Ladd of Dunbarton. 



1 Polly, 

2 Heman, 

3 Hannah, 



b. 
b. 
b. 



m. 
m. 
m. 



Jones. 

Messer. 

Colby. 



III. Jesse Butler m. 



(I. 5. II. 5.] 
( Molly Greely, 
\ Mehitabel Duty. 



1 Polly, 

2 Abihail 



a j by Molly. ] m - JacobStiles - 



( Sally Dustin, 
\ Lydia Burtt. 



3 Moody, m. 

4 Mehitabel. 

5 Hannah, m. Joseph Butler. 



III. Elijah Butler m. 
Had six or seven sons. 



(1.5. 

FlFIELD. 



6 Richard. 

7 Jesse. 

8 James. 

9 Betsey, m. Marstin.' 

10 Roxa, m. Orra May. 

11 William. 

II. 9.) 

Lived at Weare. N. II. 



III. Jacob Butler m, 



(1.8. ILL) 
Sally Morgan. 



1 Sarah, 

2 Polly, 

3 Betsey, 

4 Hannah, 

5 Jacob, 

6 ^Joseph, 

7 ^Samuel, 

8 *Isaac, 

9 William, 
10 Clarissa 



u r\ .. no ,-t. ( Nathaniel Gage, 

b.Oct. 23, 1/74, m. | Asa Careton /" 

b. May 22, 1776, m. Theodore Wyman. 
b. March 21, 1778, m. Solomon Barker, 
b. March 19, 1781, m. Caleb Johnson. 
Sept. 30, 1782, m. Nabby Butler. 
29, 1784, d. unm. " 
14, 1785, d. unm. 
5, 1789, d. unm. 

, , - no \ m. Sarah Grosvenor. 
4 ' 1/92 ' jd. unm. 



April 
June 
Oct. 



' | b. May 



(1.8. II. 2.) 
III. Daniel Butler m. Molly Tenney. 



b. Oct. 23, 1777, m. Delilah Butler, 
b. May 2, 1779, m. Daniel Varnum. 
b. March 31, 1^80, d. voung. 
b. March 20, 1 782, m. Jacob Butler. 



18, 1784. 

22, 1786, m. Amos Hazleton. 
21, 1788, m. Sarah Ham Met. 
11, 1790, d. young. 
21, 1793, d. young. 
4, 1796, m/Noyes Tenney. 



1 Dole, 

2 Pollv, 

3 *Phebe, 

4 Nabby, 

5 Daniel, b. Oct. 

6 Phebe, b. Jan. 

7 Manly, b. July 

8 *Betty, b. Oct. 

9 *Betty, b. May 

10 Olivia, b. Jan. 

11 Belinda. 

12 *ThomasJ., 

13 ^Joseph B. V. 

(1.8. II. 3.) 
III. Mary Butler m. Hon. Joseph B. Varnum of Dracut. 

1 Mehitabel, b. Nov. 2, 1773, m. Daniel Swett of Haverhill. 

2 Polly, b. Feb. 24, 1775, m. Gen. Simon Coburn of Dracut. 

3 ^George W., b. Feb. 21, 1779, d. unm. 

4 *Nabby, b. Jan. 7, 1781, m. =*Josiah Brown, Esq., of Tewksbury. 

5 *Hannah, b. Feb. 18, 1783, m. Major Ephraim Coburn of Dracut. 

6 Joseph B., b. Jan. 3, 1785, m. Loiza Graham of New York. 

7 *James M., b. Aug. 2, 1786, m. Mary Pease of Washington, D. C. 



b. March 17, 1798, m. Samuel P. Hadley. 
\ b. July 15, 1802, d. young. 



849.1 D i >n John Butler and hi* D 75 



- .1 ,. ob B b. Jane 19 171 

b. .Inlv ii,i 790 m. # J 

m 'John II b. Jane 81 1 1 • 

1 1 •1}.'I)|.iiiiiu I A;. nl 11, 1798 I it. 

1 1, v II B ■•■ I I 8. II. l. III. L) 

III I'm i.i. I5i in i: in. Bl n i ous B LX1 
\ ' \\ I • 1780, d 

• I- >.. M 

niiiii b. April I I, 1 ~ -'■ ■! num. 
! I I. 1 7*7, <l. num. 

; • !v. M.iv 15, 1 789 m. Daniel km 

I. April i 1791 in. Pbinehai Boll 

I.. March 3, l 7W d. nnin. 

I. .1 in 1 5 l 797, d. uiwn. 
9 *Mehil .1 I • d. nnin. 

hi * \». en ith b. Feb. 10 1809, d. nm 

il- II.' 
ill. Jonathan Bi mm: m. Rbbbkab EIakdt. 
i Vfehitabel b J in 90 1786, m * 1 1 v\ i I I -.. 
•_» • Eliphalet, b. April l" 1788, d. nnin. 
BJamei ; Jnlj 

Three of the above named desci nts of the fourth degree received a colle- 
giate education, viz : — 

( \i eb, -"ii of < aleb, received his first degree nl Dartmouth College, 
1800, w.t preceptor of Moore's Charity School, appurtenant to the coll< 
one year, and twelve years principal of Groton Academy. H< afterwards 
1 law and practised as attorney and counsellor a feu veara, and was 
chairman "l the commission! rs of highway -. and <>t tl jion- 

era for the county of Middlesex, fift< its in succession. 

Ivi i bi n I ). All //i r, son of Bulali and John M first 

degree al Dartmouth Coll< _•• . 1803, studied physic and sui ame 

eminent in the practice of his profession. !!• istained a p -hip in 

various branch* a of the medical scien< ars, in the college of 

which li«' was an alumnus, and since in ■ literary institution in < M 

Josiah, son of Nehemiah, was graduated al II tn ard IJniversitv, l 
read law, practised in th«' courts, and was afterwards sheriff of the county 
of Rockingham, V II . a juc] lie Court "t" Common Pleas, :» n«l ■ rep- 

res* ntntive in Congress from 1817 to 1823. 

[saa< , Bon of Jacob, entered Dartmouth College, bui died before the ex- 
piration of the regular term of study. 

The descendants of the fifth and sixth generations have become so nu- 
merous and bo widely dispersed, that the following registers will be much 
less complete than the foregoing. 

i I 2. II. 8. III. I.J 

1 Y. A- \ Bl n. BR in. Ki Bl CCA 1 iOULD. 

i Asa, b. 1 ><•<•. '.i. 1810, in. Phebe Boby. 

2 Rebecca, b. May 9, 1812, m. Boswell Hobba, 

3 John, b. March 20, 18U. 

-i Lavina, l>..Julv 12, 1816, m.David Boby. 

5 *Mary Ann, b. Sept 2, 1821, d. mini. 

6 *Eliphalet, b. Oct. 26, 1824, d. unm. 

7 *Albert, 1.. Nov. 12, 1826, d. num. 

(I. 2. II. 2. Ill < 

IX. Joel Butlsb m. Deborah Gaos. 

i James M , b. Feb. .*>, 1824. 

2 Henry, h. Oct. 10, 1826, m. Temple. 



TO 



Deacon John Butler and Ms Descendants. 



[Jan. 



(1.2. II. 2. III. 7.) 
IV. *Richard Butler m. Sarah J. 
Jones. 

1 *Mary E., b. Sept. 11, 1820, d. unm. 

2 Charles, 1). June 30, 1822. 

3 Sarah J., b. Mar. 7, 1825. 

4 Mary G., b. June 17, 1827. 

5 Joel, b. May 27, 1829. 

6 Silvester, b. Oct. 29, 1831. 

7 Eliphalet, b. June 21, 1834. 

8 * Abigail. b. May 11, 1837, d. y. 

9 #Pamclia, b. Nov. 6, 1839, d. v. 
10 Amanda, b. Feb. 20, 1842. 

(1.2. II. 2. III. 8.) 
IV. Joshua Butler m. Persis Gage. 

1 Jane H., b. April 17, 1826. 

2 Ann G., b. Mar. 19, 1829. 

(1.2. II. 



b. Dec. 31, 1830. 
b. Oct. 9, 1832. 



3 Mary, 

4 Davis, 

(I. 2. II. 2. III. 9. 

IV. James Butler m. Mary E . 

1 James H., b. May 18, 1820. 

(1.2. II. 4. III. 2.) 
IV. David Butler m. Polly Chick- 

ER1NG. 

1 Oliver Deane, b. July 14, 1800. 

2 *Maria, b. Nov. 13, 1802, d. y. 
Abigail 

Mary or Sarah. 
Rebecca. 
Fannv. 
David. 
The above family reside in the state of Maine. 

4. III. 3.) 



IV. Enoch Butler m 
1 Warren A., b. 



IV. *Isaac Butler m. Nancy Chaplin. 

1 Nancy, b. May 20, 1805, m. Jonathan Gould. 

2 Diana L., b. Ausr. 11, 1806, in. Joseph Gould. 

3 David, b. Dec. 16, 1809, m. Mary Ann Russell. 

4 ^George P., b. July 4, 1821. d. young-. 

(I. 2. II. 4. III. 5.) 
Susanna Marsh. 

m. Eliza. 

2 *Susan, b. d. young. 

3 Rebecca, b. m. Eli Hamblet. 

4 Diana G., b. Oct. 16, 1836. 

(I. 2. II. 4. III. 6.) 
IV. Nathan Butler m. Sally Roby. Reside at Bedford, N. H. 

1 Eliza C. b. April 1, 1811. 

2 Hannah, b. Nov. 17, 1812, m. William Cady. 

3 Sarah J., b. March 18, 1816, m. Truman Parker. 

4 Maria, b. June 27, 1818. 

5 Emeline, b. Sept. 23, 1820. 

6 Rebecca A., b. Oct. 

7 Nathan, b. Jan. 1. 1827. 

8 Cordelia, b. July 25, 1833. 

(1.2. II. 7. III. S.) 
IV. Darius Butler m. Laura S. Whittier. 

1 Sarah E., b. June 7, 183S. 3 Roxana. 

2 Juliette, b. June 20, 1840. 4 Ellen J., 

(I. 3. II. 3. III. 1.) 

IV. ^Benjamin Butler m. =*Lydia Page of Weare, N 

1 ^Pollv, b. June 5, 1795, d. unm. \ . w 

2 *Rebekah, b. April 5, 1797, d. unm. J at VVeare ' 

3 Benjamin P., b. March 4, 1800, m. Cvrene Brett. ) 
b. Aug. 29, 1802, m. Nathaniel True. | 

23, 1805, m. Sarah Lord. }■ At Minot, Me 

30, 1808, d. unm. 

17, 1810, d. unm. ! 

[To be continued.] 



b. Mar. 28, 1842. 
b. Oct. 31, 1844. 



H. 



4 Betsey P., 

5 Caleb P., 

6 *Lucretia, 

7 *Sarah 0., 



b. May 
b. Jan. 
b. Dec. 



1849.1 I I ll 



ABSTRACTS 01 THE EARLIES'J WILLS UPON RECORD IN 
I III. COUNT! OJ SUFF< U.K. MS. 

[Corn : i ) 

WARD II" 

• i ' ■ 1 1 . . 1 1 1 1 . • • ; . i . 
late. I • I \ i '/ ' 

lane] lying behindc hi- dwellii 

hOM BC v. ill: I 

ni\ wit-. \ r Mount 

due i<» in'- from V . 1 
[ give to Mart/ J\ 

\ n < I a 1 1 \ I 

& Debts I give to ra I 

my i I 

third [>ai I of .'ill tie : vV .i.l I . 

Debts & movables I giue to 

iell Tn I II: A ] 

appoint ■>'■ - y Suprovi 4s J 

Inin lit'i \ «■ shillings t<> I ■ paid by m\ wife in 

1 1 • -\\ 

w B II 

< ill 



I8ABBTH IIOBEF 

Boston iii N igland I 

I (7°)1644. I v . • of | 

The said /.' Hobert A 

vnderstanding 'I" make this as m\ !:i~: w a 

ter Haunt ■ ll \ <& 1113 w>nn< B 1 n my 

whole executors joyntly together of ;ill tl 

this proviso r, my 1 secutors t<> pay three score A ten pounds vv ten shil- 
lings i" Hannah Carrington 11s soone as il sou Id. 
to pay to the said Stoct ( ■ pounds & some odde money : 
also to ni\ sonne .'«' H ? twelve pence. Also to dao. Hanner 
II bert a id sonne Benjamin . A to dau. - s // \ & to 
dau. Rachheli Hobert equall portions of what i- left when all cost A 
chardges is paid. Youngest dau R baue three pounds more 
than the rest of my three children, that is to say Hannah. A- Benjamin & 
Sarah. The executors to haue a tender care of their youngest Bister 

l\achrl. 

This as well as the following wills in this article is -h d; but the phrase- 

ology is always preserved. 

\ Spelt Trtaaway in Fakmku. In the Ki v. Mi:. B a aai > //<>•'. 0/ Framinsham, an 
many facts concerning descendants of the name. 
She died 6 Jan., 1643-4, at Boston — Skmih J 



78 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

Robert Hull & Thomas Clarke desired to be overseers of will, to see 
it fulfilled as neere as they can. Elisabeth Hobbert. 

Witnes Robert Hull 

Thomas Clarke. proved 4°. 7°. m°. 1 64 4. 

before me Samuell 
Symonds & me 
Increase Nowell. 



Georg Phillipps. 
D. I. (M. 5)* 1644. 

Wee do hereby testify this to be the last will of Georg Phillipps PastoF of 
"Watertowne. [Date of proof pr. margin] 6° (7°) 1644. 

1. I giue to my wife the Thirds of all mine estate. 

2. The remainder to be divided amongst my Children. Samuel the Eldest 
to haue a double portion, & the rest to haue equally alike. 

Witnes Symon Eire 

Apphia ffreeman 
The mark of Elisabeth Child 
Presently after his wife putting him in mind of the bond in Elder Howes 
hand, he called Samuel to him and tould him he had given him a double 
portion, and bade him let the bond alone & give it in to yo r mother when 
yow come to age, but if yow take that yow shall haue no more. 

Witness Symon Eyre 
This was taken vppon Apphia ffreeman.. 

the oathe of the said 
Symon Eyre & Apphya 
/freeman before in r . John 
' Winthrop D Gov'. & Mr. 
William Hihbhis. 



Thomas Pig. 
11° (7°) 1644 [in margin.] 

Be it knowne to all men that this is the will of Thomas Pig,f that he doth 
give to his sonne Thomas the house w tb the home lott, 2 acres of fresh 
marsh, also my lott by the dead swamp, & all the land in the neck both 
upland & Marsh, & the 5 acres at the great lots end. He to pay his 
brother John ten pounds, o at 21 years of age, & and the other 5 a year 
after. To sonne Thomas Pig also the land in the Calues Pasture, pay- 
ing his sister Hany\ Pigg 5 pounds, 3 pounds a yeare after his mothers 
death and the other three pound the year after that, and for defect not 
paying this sixe pounds at these tymes appointed, the land to returne to 
her. To dau. Saray, dau. Mathew my Eight Acre Lott lyeing vppon 
Pigs hill, Sc I give To them also my last Division of ground. To dau. 

* 1° of the 5th month (i. e. 5 July, 1644.) is probably the date intended. 

f The name of Thomas Pigge is found in our list of Eoxbury people printed in Vol. II. 
p. 53. It undoubtedly represents the same person. Pigs hill, mentioned in this will, we 
are told is still known by that name ; but that no person of the name of Pigge has resided 
there for a long time. 

X Mr. Ellis, in his Hist, of Roxbury, enumerates a Hewy among the children of Thomas 
Pigge, but this name we are inclined to think stands for Hannah ■ yet when we come to a 
" daughter Mathew," we confess we are somewhat puzzled. The reader may be sure, we 
have not mistaken the manuscript. 



1849.] Ab^tracU of tk Eatiieii Wills. 79 

Mary my allotment in the thousand Acres lyeing at Dedbam. Wife to 
bane nil I bane bo long ;i- she liuea to bring vp my children. After ber 
death my « - 1 1 i I < 1 1-» • 1 1 to have their portions aa afon ?ai I. 
Giles Payeon Robert William* 

Testified before m 1 Winthrop Dep: Gov: & M . Nowell the (~ n ) 
L2-164 L 



Jobs Lovran. 

A true Copie of ilic testimony of Eli oheU C Elisabeth Pierct ^ 

Margaret Howe examined vppon oath before va, Richard Browne & 

II Jennings appointed 9° ( 9 » 
Elizabeth child being wr* John Z/fvran* of watertowne some three ds 

before be dyed, <li<l move him to make hie will, to w 1 " be answered, That 

lie had hut Little, & that his wife was sickley, A bo he would leave that he 

had to her 
Elisabeth Pierce at the Bame tyme being present, heard him speake to this 

purpose, Ala-, thai I have is but little, & thai he had a sickly wife, tV: 

wdiat he had was little inough for her 
Margaret How in the presence of her Husband Mr. How & of the wife of 

John Lovran deceased, not long before the death of the said John. 
Only a trifle or twoe; He would lti \ «• his brother that had children one 

hundred pounds, & twenty pounds vnto the Church after her life 

l\ i' ha) B " ne 
William Jt nnison I 



Thomas Fihson. 
23. (2) 16 

Whereas Thomas jfinson mariner late of Dartmouth Dyed abord the shipp 
Gilbert in September last, (> I eing present, the said T 

jfinson by word of mouth declared this to be his lasl will & testament 
To son Samuel t\\ e pounds of English money i to his chil 1 that his w ife 
went withal! fifty shillings ; to wife one Hogshead of Tobacco; to hi* 
lather in lawe Andrew Harwood all his wages. The fifty shillings for 
the Child & the Tobacco to be delivered t<» Andrew Harwood for the ?se 
aforesaid. Deposed the 

first of the (9°) month 
1644 by Oads Bayle 
before the Court. 



( rABRII 1.1 WHEATLET. 

27 (8) L645. 
Thomas Rogers of Watertowne sworne before John Winthrop Governor 
13 (5) 1637, saith that Gabriell Wheatley being of pfect vnderstanding 

* Probably since Lovcritig. On this name Farmek has but a line and one third in his 
Register, which is this: "John, freeman 1636. might be the same who lived at Dover in 
1665." 

The "freeman" of 1636 of Farmer was probably our John Lovran ; but that he was the 
same at Dover in 1665, is improbable. There arc many of the name in New Hampshire 
at this day, and elsewhere in New England. 

t Seems at first to have been written Jmnivzs. like that at the commencement of the 
document, but subsequently altered to Jemdson. 

| Possibly Oaten is meant, and perhap Otis BayUy. 



80 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

even to the time of his death, said in the presence of Bryan Pendleton 
and this deponent that he would haue the said Bryan to take charge of 
his estate & out of it to pay himselfe what was due to him ; the rest tc 
go to his daughter — to be gathered vp & reserued by the said Bryan. 
Vppon this the said Bryan was granted to administer, & to be accounta- 
ble when required. The summe that was due to her amounted to £10 
16s. 
yr r . ^ ( Richard Browne 
( Edward Howe. 






Thomas Knocker* 

\n Inventory of the Goods of Tho : Knocker prised of Will Stitson Will 

Brackenburye Augustion Walker & Jo: Allen y e 19 Nov. 1041. 

[His whole effects amounted to some £30. The following names we lind among the 
list of his debtors & creditors :] 

Persons owing : Ricti 1 . Graues of Salem, 0s. John PenticosL, G d . Tho : 
Poystonf of Watertown, 12s. Nic Jcwett, 12 s . Mr. Robert Woarye, 4s. 
d . Jo Burridge, £1. os. Gd [goodman] Paddock, 3 pecks of Come. 
Edward Fuller, 4s. 6 d . 

Thomas Knocker was debtor to James Browne, £1. 9s. Austin Walker, 
5s. Abram Palmer, 4s. His bro : Geog Knocker, 4s. Wid° Wilkinson, 
Jo Lawrence, £3. 2s. Ryse Cole, 9 d . Robt. Heath, 1 bu. Corne. Tho 
Moulton, 14s. Edivd. Conccrs, 0s. Jer Swayne, 2s. Gd Hawkins, £8. 
12s. G d . Good Brackenburye,% Gon Drinker, 3s. Id. Will Smith, 

d . 



ABIGxVIL Sumer.§ 

31 (8) 1643. 

The goods of Abigail the late wife of Tho: Sumer deceased praised by the 
psons subscribed. 

Amount £7. 9s. 8 d . 
witnes Oweth 1. 18. 0. 

Joseph Jewel 
William Boynton. 

* The will of this individual does not appear to have been recorded. The abstract of 
the inventory which we here give is taken from the 2d volume of our Registry, entitled 
" Inventories," and is called No. 2 Parmer seems not to have met with the name of 
Knocker, at least not in this form. It is possible that it may have been curtailed into that 
of Nock. 

1 1 can make nothing- else of this name, and it is a perfect stranger in my catalogue of 
New England names. Probably Boylston. 

% The family of Brackenbury was anciently of much note in England. As late as the 
32d of Elizabeth, '• Richard Brakinbury was an old courtier." in 1575. in a visitation, 
he is mentioned as Gentleman Usher to Queen Elizabeth, and was the fifth son of Anthony 
Brakenbury of Denton, by Agnes, dau. of Ralph Wycliffe of Wycliffe in Yorkshire. — 
Lodge's Illustrations, ii. 421. Dale's Hist. Harvich, 177. 

§ Perhaps Sumner. We do not find either Summer or Sumner at Watertown in 1636, 
though we infer that this person died resident there. There is no will on record. Far- 
mer found a Thomas Sumner at Rowley, 1643. In the index of our volume of Invento- 
ries (a modern work.) we find "Abigail Sumner," which is probably right. 



I 849. | Abstract* <>j the Eariimt Wills. 9 1 

I .: »\\ ARD \\ null. 

Inventory of goods and money belonging to Edward Wood of Charlestown, 
deceased being valued by Robert Long, William Brackenbury and B 
ard Russell the lili day of the 18 Month 1642, in N< w England. 



Edward Sktxhi 

i.; ( ) L643. 

The Inventory of Edward Skinners of late prised by Oregon/ Stone X 
Gilbert < '> m Nbi ember, l • '• 

Paid out of this estate to W ■ MercJtant fof debt 6 - 0-0 

To Thorn W rwick?] I 19- 6 

To Goodman Rise I - 0-0 

To Goodu ' Merchant of his gift I l- n 

To Mary Slanney 2 - 7-«> 

lost in the sale of the goods & d( 



£21 - L6-6 



I deposed the 8 oi y' firsl month 1 1 

li\ Gregory Stone x Gilbert ( ' 

before the ( lourl / \ 



A.THAGERED K nh.iii . 

Am [nventory of A I h ■ ud.s departed a prysed by Lieflen- 

ant Mason A < roodinan i 

| Amount of < Beets, ] £7. l Is. 8d. 
Hugh M as 
John Coolidj 



Thou v- A\ i ELL. 
6 (3) 1641 

The Inventory of th< 3 Thotm I of Sudbury late d< 

[mpriinua his laud A house £8. LO. Cattle £8 10. Wearing apparel! & 
bedding n\ th lii- Annes £10, for Brasse & pewter £5. prised by 
mund Rue, Philemon Who , E ard Rice. He expressed ;!. 
his wife should haue all his estate !'<>r to bring vp his children. Testifyed 
by Edmund Rice vppon oath the 6 (•"») 1646 before the Governor, Dep. 
Gov*. A' Increase Nowcll Seer. 



Alexander Bradford. 
12. ( I) L646. 

The last will of Alexander Bradford being made this xvii th day of the vi 
mouth 1644 witnesseth. I the said Alexander Bradford of Dorchester 

* In extracting the will of Edward Skinner (Vol. IT. p. 103) the inventory of his estate 
was inadvertently omitted. The following is all Mr. Farmeb has in his Genealogical 
Register upon this name : 

" Smnnku, Thomas. Maiden, 1653 — a name common in New England, and which has 
furnished 14 graduates fit thedifferent college 



82 Refugees in London. [Jan. 

apprehending myself much weakned & naturall life impayred through 
Sickness &. dissease. vnto Sarah my now wife all my Masion house & 
other buildings with the houshold stuffe as it now stands in Dorchester 
Wife sole executrix. I intreate my brother Walter Merry of Boston to 
be my Supvisor to help my wife in managing her affaires, & for three 
pounds w th my brother John Bradford did owe mee I release him of that, 
it to be equally divided among his children. 

Alexander Bradford. 
Signed in y e presence of 
Philemon Pormort* 
Walter Merry. 
Testified vppon oath Walter Merry 2 (8) 1645 before John Winthrop 
Dep. Gov & Herbert Pelham. 

Moreover After the death of my wife I giue unto the children of my 
brother John all my housen & lands, the said Alexander Bradford haue 
giuen to Robert Stowton his Moose Suite & a musket & Sworde & bandi- 
lieres & vest. Alexander Bradford. 

William Ireland also 
testified this addition to be 
made by the said Alexander 
Bradford being of disposing memory. 

Sworne before John Winthrop Dep. Gov. & 

Herbert Pelham. 



REFUGEES IN LONDON. 
1775. 



The following curious document has been handed us by J. Wingate 
Thornton, Esq., for publication. Such documents of the Revolution- 
ary era are not only curious but of intrinsic value on historical accounts. 
It is hoped that whoever may be in possession of such, they will not 
keep them so safely as to defeat their own purposes ; fires, floods, and 
vermin are daily devouring these safely kept materials of history. 
When they are once put into our pages there are no fears to be enter- 
tained for their safety. " Old papers are good for nothing," is a com- 
mon saying, even among those who, were they to allow themselves a 
moment's reflection, would censure the remark in every body else. 

We whose names are undersigned do mutually agree to meet and dine 
together at the Adelphi Tavern, on every Thursday, weekly under the fol- 
lowing regulations. 

If That the expence of the dinner, exclusive of liquor and waiters, shall 
be two shillings and sixpence for each person present, and no more. 

2<iiy That a dinner every Thursday, shall be accordingly ordered for 
twelve persons at least. 

gdiy That one of the members present shall officiate as steward each day, 
who alone shall order the liquors, collect and pay the Bill, and manage the 
general concerns of the Company. 

* Perhaps afterwards written Pimer. There was a Matthew Pinw at Dorchester, who 
died before 16.39. See Blake's Annals, 58. 



Is iii. i // . / i .;. - ;,, London, v ". 

l l,llv That, when lew than twelve members shall attend, those presenl 
shall not be liable Por more than their own dinners together with the Liquor 
order'd and the waiters; the residue of the bill to be paid by the Steward 
or bis substitute, and repaid him by the absentees in equal proportions. 

•V lil - V That any Gentleman, belonging to the four X. England Govern- 
ments, may be admitted ;i member provided he is first proposed to the Club 
at any meeting, and there be not two dissenting vol 

6. y Thai each person subscribing or agreeing to these Rules, is to be 
considered as a member, until] h<' -hall give notice to the Steward, of his 
desire to withdraw himself, and to have his name erased from the List of 
members* 

7 lMy That any member may invite bis friend, giving notice to the Stew- 
ard of his intention and paying hi- hill. 
Daniel Silsby Saml. Porter -1. S. Copley 

Joseph Taylor R , I abol I o Brinlej 

[saac Smith Jr. Tho*. Plucker David Greene 

Harrison Gray Jr. R: Clarke Edward Oxnard 

Samuel Quincy 8. Curwen S S Blowers 

I. \v. Clarke * Jon Sewall Fra f ; Waldo 

Jon* Bliss Samuel Sewall 

Whether the above paper were drawn up by one of the Bigners, it is 
difficult to determine. The hand writing, however, might be attributed, 
judging from the si-nature.-, to either Ta\ lor, Smith, or < Jopley. There 
is qo date upon it, but <>n a paper accompanying it is this memorandum: 

i in: OOMP \s v < i;\ci \< i . 

177.") Augt. 81 Mala bead tavern Hill for i — 0- 
Sepi 7 Queens Arm- 8 — 4 — 1 

14 " - ile . I . > 1 — t. — 

2] 17 — !> 

26 •■ •• i — i> — 

Oct. :. " 19 — 6 

12 1 — 19 

19 17 — »i 

26 1 7 

Nov. -J 16 — 6 

9 • — •• 

Some account of nearly every individual in the above list may he 
found in .Mr. Sabine's * k Biographical Sketches ob AjfERicAa Loy- 
alists." Uc finds hut few of them in London so early as 177"). or 

* 

that they had left New England at that date. In his account of Blow- 
ers he does not seem to be aware that he was the author of a history 
of Boston; but such is believed to he the fact, although we do not 

remember ever to have seen it. How much of a history it was we are 
therefore unable to state. 

Upon one side of the paper containing the signatures is an indorse- 
ment in these words : (evidently unfinished.) 

Stewards at v° Crown and Anchor. 
Mr. Quincy 

Pickman 
Mr. 7. Porter. 



84 First Settlers of Barnstable. [Jan. 



FIRST SETTLERS OF BARNSTABLE. 

[Communicated by Mr. David Hamblen. — Continued from page 390, Vol. II.] 

Eleazer Crocker m. Reuth Chipman, 7 April, 1682; children, Be- 
noni, b. 13 May, 1682, d. 3 Feb., 1701 ; Bethiah, 23 Sept., 1683 ; Nathan, 
27 April, 1685 ; Daniel, 23 March, 1686-7 ; Sarah, 23 March, 1689 ; The- 
ophelus, 11 March, 1691; Eleazer, 3 Aug., 1693; Ruth, 3 Aug., 1693; 
Abel, 15 June, 1695; Rebekah, 10 Dec, 1697. Mrs. Ruth Crocker d. 8 
April, 1698. 

Nathan Crocker m. Joanna Bursley, 10 March, 1708-9 ; children, 
Jabez, b. 10 June, 1709 ; Benoni, 24 Feb., 1711-12. 

Robert Claghorn m. Bethiah Lathrop, 6 Nov., 1701 ; children, Abia, 
b. 13 Aug., 1702 ; Joseph, 25 Aug., 1704; Nathaniel, 10 Nov., 1707 ; Sam- 
uel, 23 June, 1711. 

Shobal Claghorn m. ; children, James, b. Aug., 1689 ; 

Thankful, 30 Jan., 1690, d. Jan., 1696 ; Thomas, 20 March, 1692-3; Shobal, 

20 Sept., 1696; Robert, 18 July, 1699; Benjamin, 14 June, 1701 ; Mary, 

1707 ; Jane, 1709 ; Ebenezer, 30 July, 1712. 

Isaac Chapman m. Rebecca Leonard, 2 Sept., 1678; children, Lezaia, 
b. 15 Dec, 1679 ; John, 12 May, 1681 ; Hannah, 26 Dec, 1682, d. 6 July, 
1689; James, 5 Aug., 1685; Abigail, 11 July, 1687; Hannah, 10 April, 
1690; Isaac, 29 Dec, 1692; Ralph, 19 Jan., 1695; Rebecca, 10 June, 
1697. 

Deacon Samuel Chipman m. Sarah Cob, 27 Dec, 1686, d. 1723: she 
died 8 Jan., 1742. Children, Thomas, b. 17 Nov., 1687; Samuel, 6 Aug., 
1689; John,* 16 Feb., 1691 ; Abigail, 15 Sept., 1692; Joseph, 10 Jan., 
1694; Jacob. 30 Aug., 1695; Seth, 24 Feb., 1697; Hannah, 24 Sept., 

1699 ; Sarah, 1 Nov., 1701 ; Barnabas, 24 March, 1702. 

John Chipman m. Hope Rowland, dau. of John Rowland, which came 
over in the Mayflower. 

James Coiioon, (son of widow Mary Davis,) b. 25 Oct., 1696. 

Stephen Clap m. Temperance Gorham, 24 Dec, 1696. 

Nathan Daais m. Elizabeth Phinney, 25 Nov., 1714; children, Jabez, 
b. 7 Oct., 1715; Sarah, 12 Aug., 1717, d. 23 Aug., 1717; Elizabeth, 15 
Sept., 1718; Isaac, 9 Jan., 1720. 

Josiaii Davis m. Ann Tayler, 25 June, 1679; children, John, b. 2 
Sept., 1681; Hannah, April, 1683; Josiah, Aug., 1687; Seth, Oct., 1692; 
Ruth, Feb., 1694; Sarah, Feb., 1696; Jonathan, about 1698; Stephen, 12 
Dec, 1700; Anna, 5 April, 1702. 

Joseph Davis m. Hannah Cob, March, 1695; children, Robert, b. 7 
March, 1696-7 ; Joseph, 23 March, 1698-9 ; James, 30 July, 1700 ; Gersh- 
om. 5 Sept., 1702 ; Hannah, 5 March, 1705 ; Mary, 4 June, 1707 ; Lezaia, 

12 Feb., 1709 ; Daniel, 28 Sept., 1713. 

Joseph Davis m. Mary Claghorn, 28 March, 1682 ; children, Simeon, 
b. 19 Jan., 1683 ; Mary, June, 1685 ; Joseph, April, 1687 ; Robert, 

13 June, 1689. 

f Dollar Davis m. Hannah Linnil, 3 Aug, 1681; children, Shobal, 
b 23 April, 1685; Thomas, Aug., 1687; Hannah, Dec, 1689; Stephen, 
Sept., 1690; Thankful, March, 1696; Daniel, July, 1698; Job, July, 

1700 ; Noah, Sept., 1702 ; Remember Mercy, 15 Oct., 1704. 

* Rev. John Chipman graduated at Harvard University, 1711, d. 23 March, 1775. 
1 This name is spelt Dolor, Dollar, Dollor, and Dollei \ 






I- in. | Firei Settler* of B ■ 7, . 

Jabez Davis n. Experience I 1689; children, Nathan, 

b. 2 March, I 1 Samuel, -' ■ - . 2; Bethsheba, 16 Jan., 1694; 

[gaac, 28 April. 1696 ; Abigail, 26 April, l 1 >8; Jacob, Oct, 
Mercy, 16 Feb., 1701. 

John Davis, Jr., m. Etnth Goodspeed, 2 Feb., 1674; children, John, b. 
So . 1675, «l. H; Benjamin, Sept, L679; John, 17 

March, 1684; Nathaniel, 17 .Inly. 1686. Married 2d, Mary Hamb 
Feb, L692. Shed. No*., 1698; ShobaJ, 10 July, L694; James, 24 W 
1696; Ebenezer, 18 May, 1697. Married 3d, v, II h Ba i 

W \ , 1699 ; Nicholas, 12 March, 1699 1700. 

Josiah Davis dl Mehitable Tayler, 10 July, 1 7 1 _! ; children, K«lv. 
b. 19 June, 1718; M Lug., 1714; « 

Capt. Thomas I >imo< k m* — \ children, Mehitable, b. I 

1686; Temperance, June, IC89; Edward, 5 July, 1692; Thoi 
Dec, 169 I ; Desire, I i l-.. 169 

Joiin Demo< 1^ iii. Elizabeth Luml . Iiildren, v 

l,. Dec, l 690 : Anna, July, 

1696.; Timothy, July, 1698 ; Ebeni . Feb., 17""-. Thankful, 5 \ 
1702 i Elizabeth, 20 April, 170 I. 

Shobal Dimoi iv hi. Tabitha Lothrop, i May, 1699; children, Samuel, 
b. 7 May, L702; Joanna, 24 Dec, 17' out 3 \ after; Mehita- 

ble, 20 June, 1711. 

Joseph Dimo< k m. Lydia Fuller, 12 May, I ; children, Th< 
26 .Jan.. L699 L700 ; !'>• thiah, 3 Feb., 1702 ; Mehitable, rch, 17 

Ensign, 8 March, 1709; Icl ,1711; A1 

L714; Pharoh, 2 Sept, 1717; David, 22 Dec, 1721. 

Stephen Dexter m Ann.-: Sanders, 27 April, 
b. 24 Aug., 1696 ; a a d, 22 1). c, I , Jan., l 

1699; Content, 5 Feb., 1701; Anna, M ch, 1702-3; - th, 1 .1 
L705 ; Stephen, 26 July, L707 ; Merc jr, 1709 March, 

1712; Cornelius, 21 March, 1713-1 1 

Sami el Doani of Eastham, m. Marti 

John Ewer m. Elizabeth Lumbard, 5 July, 17! Iren, Shobal, b. 
; Joseph; Benjamin,*] SepL, L721, 

Shobal Eweb dl ; children, Rebakah, '. 1715. 

Mr Shobal Ewer d. 6 Aug., 1715. 

Thomas Ewer m. widow Sarah Warren, I ., 1712, and died June, 

17 -J -J. 

Nathaniel FrrrsRANDLEf m, Mary I!' . Nov., 1662; children, 
John, 1>. 1 Feb . 1662 ; tsaac, 7 Dec, 166 I. 

Dr. John Fuller m. ; children, Bethiah, b. Dec, 1687; 

John, Ocl . L689 ; Reliance, 8 Sep1 . 1691. 

John Fuller m. Thankful Gorham, 16 June, 1710 ; children, Hannah, 
b. 1 April. 1711 : John, 3 Aug., 1712; Mary. 1 Sept, 1715; Bethiah, 1 
Sept, 1715 ; Nathaniel, 10 Dec, 1716; Thankful, L9 Sept, 1718. 

Joseph Fuller, Jr., m, Joanna Crocker, 9 Feb., 170&-9; children, 
Rebekah, b. 29 Dec, 1709 ; Bethiah, 2 March, 1712. 

Thomas Fulli r m. Elisabeth Lathrop, 29 Dec, 1680; children, Han- 
nah, 1). 17 Nov., L681 : Joseph, 12 July, 1688 ; Mary, 6 A«g., 1685 : Ben- 
jamin, 6 Aug., 1690; Elisabeth, 3 Sept.. L692 ; Samuel, 12 April. 1694 ; 
Abigail, Jan., L695-6. 

* This name i< spelt Dimock, Dimmock, and Dimiok. 
I Thia name i< spelt Fitzrandle and Fitterandle. 



8 (J First Settlers of Barnstable. [Jan. 

Jabez Fuller m. ; children, Samuel, b. 23 Feb., 1687; 

Jonathan, 10 March, 1692; Mercy, 1 April, 1696; Lois, 23 Sept., 1704; 
Ebenezer, 20 Feb., 1708-9 ; Mary, no date. 

Matthew Fuller m. Patience Young, 25 Feb., 1692 ; children, Anna, 
b. Nov., 1693; Jonathan, Oct., 1696; Content, 19 Feb., 1698-9; Jean, 
1704, d. 1708 ; David, Feb., 1706-7 ; Young, 1708 ; Cornelius, 1710. 

Barnabas Fuller m. Elizabeth Young, 25 Feb., 1680 ; children, Sam- 
uel, b. Nov., 1681; Isaac, Aug., 1684; Hannah, Sept., 1688; Ebenezer, 
April, 1699 ; Josiah, Feb., 1709. 

Samuel Fuller m. ; child, Sarah, b. 16 April, 1719. 

Joseph Fuller m. ; children, Remember, b. 26 May, 1701 ; 

Seth, 1 Sept., 1705 ; Thankful, 4 Aug., 1708. 

Benjamin Fuller m. ■ ; children, Temperance, b. 7 March, 

1702 ; Hannah, 20 May, 1704 ; John, 25 Dec, 1706 ; James, 1 May, 1711. 
Nathaniel Goodspeed* m. Elizabeth Bursley, Nov.,. 1666 ; child, 
Mary, b. 18 Feb., 1667. 

Benjamin Goodspeed m. Mary Davis ; child, Mary, b. 10 Jan., 1677. 

John Goodspeed m. Experience Holley, 9 Jan., 1668; children, Mercy, 

b. 18 Feb., 1669; Samuel, 23 June, 1670; John, 1 June, 1673; Experience, 

14 Sept., 1676 ; Benjamin, 31 March, 1679 ; Rose, 20 Feb., 1680; Bath- 

shua, 17 Feb., 1683. 

John, son of John Goodspeed, m. Remembrance Buck, 16 Feb., 1697 ; 
children, Elizabeth, b. 10 Dec, 1698 ; Temperance, 17 Feb., 1699 ; Sam- 
uel, 17 March, 1701 ; Cornelius, 2 Feb., 1703 ; John, 16 Nov., 1708 ; Ex- 
perience, 24 June, 1710 ; a daughter, 24 April, 1712. 

Benjamin Goodspeed, Jr., m. Susannah Allen, March, 1710 ; children, 
Joseph, b. 1 Jan., 1711 ; Mary, 12 Oct., 1713; Mercy, 26 Sept., 1725. 

Benjamin Goodspeed m. Hope Lumbart, 1707 ; children, Jabez, b. 26 
Jan., 1707-8 ; Jane, 7 Sept., 1709 ; James, 31 [30?] June, 1711 ; David, 
13 Nov., 1713; Nathan, 7 Oct., 1715, d. 29 April, 1731; Patience, 25 
March, 1718; Jonathan, 23 April, 1720. 

Ebenezer Goodspeed m. Lydia Crowel, Feb., 1677 ; children, Benja- 
min, b. 31 Oct., 1678 ; a son, 21 Jan., 1679, d. 20 Dec, 1680 ; Mehitable, 
4 Sept., 1681 ; Alice, 30 June, 1683 ; Ebenezer, 10 Sept., 1685; Mary, 2 
Aug., 1687 ; Susannah, 7 Nov., 1689 ; Patience, 1 June, 1692 ; Ruth, 12 
July, 1694 ; Lydia, 14 Oct., 1696 ; Roger, 14 Oct., 1698 ; Reliance, 18 Sept., 
1701 ; Moses, 24 Nov., 1704. 

James GoRHAMf m. Hannah Huckins, 24 Feb., 1673 ; children, Desire, 
b. 9 Feb., 1674; James, 6 March, 1676-7; Experience, 28 July, 1678; 
John, 2 Aug., 1680 ; Mehitable, 20 April, 1683 ; Thomas, 16 Dec, 1684 ; 
Mercy, 22 Nov., 1686, d. 12 June, 1689 ; Joseph, 25 March, 1689 ; Jabez, 
6 March, 1690-1 ; Sylvanus. 13 Oct., 1693 ; Ebenezer, 14 Feb., 1695-6. 

James Gorham and Mary Joyce m. 29 Sept., 1709; child, Thankful, 
I). 25 May, 1711. 

Capt. John Gorham m. Desire Hovvland, 1643, daughter of Mr. John 
Howland, the one that came over in the Mayflower, who died in .Plymouth, 
23 Feb., 1672, a?. 80 years. 

Col. John Gorham m. Mary Otis, 24 Feb., 1674; children, John, b. 
18 Jan., 1675, d. 1 April, 1679; Temperance, 2 Aug., 1678; Mary, 18 
April, 1680; Stephen, 23 June, 1683; Shobal, 2 Sept., 1686; John, 28 

* This name is spelt Godspeed and Goodspeed. 
t This name is spelt Gorum and Gorham. 






L849.1 Description of Jame$the First* v « 

Sept, L688; Thankful, 13 Feb., 1690; Job, 30 Aug., L692; Mercy, Dec, 
1695. CoL Gorham d. 1 1 Nov., 1716. 

Shobal Gorham m. Paelia Hussey, May, 1695 j children, George, b. 
29 dan., L 696-7; Abigail, lasl of March, 1699; Lydia, II May, 1701; 
Hannah, 28 July, L703; Theodate, L8 July, L705 ; Daniel, 24 Sept, L708; 
Desire, 26 Sept, L710 ; Ruth, 7 May, 1713. 

Thomas, (sod of James,) Gorham m. ; children, Benjamin, 

b. 8 Sept, L708; Reuben, 10 Dec, 1709; Priscilla, 18 Dec, 171 l ; Sam- 
uel, L8 Dec, 1713; Peter, 19 Dec, 1715; Paul, 6 Jan., 1717 L8; Abra- 
ham, 10 July, 1720 ; Gershom, 22 June, L725; Abigail, 13 -May, L729; 
James, 28 June, 1 72-I. 

[To be continued.] 



DESCRIPTION OF JAMES THE FIRST. 

The following quaint and graphic description of James the First, king of 
England, whose name will ever be associated with tin- history of our puri- 
tan ancestors, towards whom he ever exhibited the most bitter and pera - 
cuting spirit, is bj a cotemporary, Anthony Weldon. This writer also L r i\' - 
portraits of other distinguished men of bis time. His picture of James, 
however, is the mosl complete, and is said to '_ r i\e a very perfect idea of his 
personal appearance and peculiar habits.* 

"He was <>f a middle stature, more corpulent through his clothes than in 
his body, vet tat enough, bis clothes ever being made large and easy; the 
doublets quilted for stiletto proof; bis breeches in great plaits and full 
Btuffed; he was naturally of a timorous disposition, which was the reason 
of his quilted doublets; his eye large, ever rolling after any Btranger that 
came in his presence, insomuch that manv for Bhame have left the room, as 
being out of countenance ; his beard was very thin ; his tongue too large for 

his month, which made him drink very uncomely, as if eating his drink, 
which came out into the clip of each side of his month: his >kin was ;i< Bofl 

as taffety sarsnet, which fell bo because he never wash d hits hand-, only 
rubbed his fingers' ends slightly with the wet end of a napkin : hi- legs were 
very weak, having had (as some thought) some foul play in his youth, or 
rather before he was born, that he was not able to stand at Beven years of 
age; that weakness made him forever leaning on other men's shoulders ; 
his walk was ever circular. "+ 



AN OLD PROVERB. 
Nebet trust much to a uruj frfenfc or an oliJ cnenin. 

Remember man and keep in mind 
A faithful friend is hard to find. 
Snddaine friendship, sore repentance. 
If yon trust before yon try 

Von may repent before yon dy. — BaILEI . 

* Retrospective Review, Vol. VII., p. 45. 

t The Court and Character of King James, whereunto is added the court of King 
Charles, continued unto the beginning of these unhappy times, with some observations 
upon him instead of a character. Collected and perfected by Sir A, W. (Anthony Wel- 
don.) Qui nescit dissimulare, nescit regnare. Published by authority. Printed at Lon- 
don, bv R. J., and are to be sold bv J. Collins in Little Brittaine. 1651. 



88 



Table of Kings and Queens since the Conquest. [Jan, 



Sable of Kings anir €Hunts since tl)e Conquest. 



Names. 



When began to 
Reign. 



Reigned 

Y. M. D. 



Cause or Manner of Death. 






William 1. 
William II. 
Henry I. 
Stephen. 

Henry II. 
Richard I. 
John 

Henry III 
Edward I. 
Edward II. 
Edward III. 
Richard II. 

Henry IV. 
Henry V. 
Henry VI. 

Edward IV. 
Edward V. 
Richard III. 

Henry VII. 
Henry VIII. 
Edward VI. 
Q. Mary 
Q. Elisabeth 

James I. 
Charles I. 
Cromwell 
Charles II. 
James II. 
Mary II. 
William III. 



Q. Anne 
George I. 
George II. 
George III.* 
George IV. 
William IV. 
Q.VrcTOniA 



1066 Oct 14 
1087 Sept. 9 
1100 Aug. 1 
1135 Dec. 2 



20 


8 15 


12 


10 7 


35 


3 27 


18 10 



Rupture 

Shot by an arrow. . . . 
A surfeit of lampreys. 
The piles 



THE SAXON LINE RESTORED. 



1154 

1189 
1199 
1216 
1272 
1307 
1327 
1377 



Oct, 


25 


Aug. 


13 


Apr. 
Oct. 


6 
17 


Nov. 


16 


July 
Jan. 


8 
25 


June 


22 



34 

9 

17 

56 

37 
19 
50 
22 



6 18 

7 3 
4 23 
19 
7 17 
6 12 
4 27 
3 7 



Grief. 

Wound of an arrow 
Course of nature. . 

Age , 

Diarrhoea. . . , . . 
Was murdered. . . 
Course of nature. . 
Consumption 



THE LINE OF LANCASTER. 

1399 Sept.30 13 5 20 Apoplexy. 
1413 Mar. 21 9 5 10 Pleurisy.. 
1422 Sept 1 38 6 3 Murdered. 



THE LINE OF YORK. 



1461 Mar. 4 
1483 Apr. 9 
1483 June 22 



22 

2 



D 

16 
26 



Ague 

Was smothered. 
Killed in battle. 



The two families of YORK and LANCASTER united. 



1485 Aug. 22 
1509 Apr. 22 
1547 Jan. 28 
1553 July 6 
1558 Nov. 17 



23 

37 

6 

5 

44 



7 30 
9 6 
5 9 
4 11 

4 7 



Consumption , 

Ulcerated leg and Fever 

Consumption 

Dropsy 

Course of Nature. . . . 



The Union of the two Crowns of ENGLAND and SCOTLAND 



1603 Mar. 24 
1625 Mar. 27 



22 





3 


23 10 


Q 
O 


36 





7 





10 


5 


5 


10 15 


13 


20 



Ague 

Was beheaded. 



1649 Jan. 30 
1685 Feb. 6 
1689 Feb. 13 
J 1689 Feb. 13 

The vnion of the Parliaments of ENGLAND and SCOTLAND 



Apoplexy 

Course of nature. . . 

Small-pox. 

A fall from his horse. 



1702 Mar. 8 
1714 Aug. 1 
1727 June 11 
1760 Oct. 25 
1820 Jan. 29 
1830 June 26 
1837 June 20 



12 


4 24 


12 


10 10 


00 
00 


4 14 


59 


3 4 


10 


4 28 


6 1 1 25 



Apoplexy 

Paralytic attack 

Died suddenly 

Course of nature 

Bursting of a blood vessel 

Course of nature 

Whom GOD preserve. . 



* The Parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland were united Jan. 1, 1810. 



60 
43 
67 

49 



43 
49 
63 
65 
47 
63 
35 

46 



49 

41 
12 
42 



52 



ob 
15 
42 
69 



58 
48 



54 

67 



52 

49 
67 

77 
82 
68 

72 



849.] Li 



LIST OF FREEMEN, 

Under the first charter of tli I colony, none were regarded 

as freemen, or memo re of th • body politic, exot pi su h admitl 

by the G neral Courl and took the oath of allegiance to the 
here e itablished. This custom continue 1 in i 
charter, the colony was tran 

edition of V^inthrop's -I nal, published a list of \ 

up to May 1", 1648 ; and he just] bly 

ancestors of near three fourths of the i inhabil the -i\ N 

England 1th almost half of II tvii i <■ 

sion to use a m >re full lisl of i . I I rai 

ago, the names of :ili the persona admitted fr< to the time when 

the practi ••■ r as d :ontii 

State A litor of the I ' lisl ifl 

now furnished for publication. The names stand in the i rder as in 

the original, and the ortl ■ is c irefully ; I 

effectually agains'l mi ' an inti >m- 

pared my copy with I inal, and I believe il far as 

the original remains legible. I thai many of the nan 

are incorrectly I ire nol autographs; bul tl re writti 

by the S cr< tary, according to tl I to 

him. Mor >v< r, il 3om< ti icurred, doi . thai he «li i the 

sound accurately, and tin refore mistook the true name. I I 

to exhibit an exact transcript; so thai all r< une 

opportunity to make pr ij 

•would afford. 

The oath administered to fi 
and is here inserted, both in m, the ortl: 

raj I:; i'_. 

" The o 

•■ i. A. I>. &c. being b; the Almighty's most wise dis 
member of this 1 istin * of th mor, 1 1 ; 

tan ts and Commonalty of the Massachusetts in New E 
and sincerely acknowledge that I am justly and lawfully subject to the 
Government of ilw same, an 1 do accor submit my p< r on and estate 

to be protected, ordered and governed by the laws and constiti 
and do faithfully promise to be from time to time obedient and conformable 
thereunto, and to the authority of the said Governor and Assistants, and 
their successors, and to all su b law s, orders, sentences and d hall 

be lawfully made and published by them or their succ< ssors. And I will 
always endeavor (as in duly I am hound) to advance the peace and welfi 
of this body or commonwealth, to my utmost skill and ability. And I will, 
to my best power and moan . . to divert and prevent whatsoever may 
tend to the ruin or damage thereof, or of any the said Governor, Deputy 
Governor, or Assistants, or any of them, or their sue. . and will g 

speedy notice to them, or some of them, of any sedition, violence, treachery, 
or other hurt or evil, which I shall know, hear, or vehemently suspect, to 
be plotted or intended against the said commonwealth, or the said Govern- 
ment established. And I will not, at any time, suffer or give consent to any 
counsel or attempt, that shall be offered, driven, or attempted, for the im- 
6 



90 



List of Freemen. 



[Jan. 



peachment of the said Government, or making any change or alteration of 
the same, contrary to the laws and ordinances thereof; but shall do my 
utmost endeavor to discover, oppose and hinder all and every such counsel 
and attempt. So help me God." — Col. Rec. Vol. I. page 1. 

"At a General Court holden at Boston, May 14, 1634. 

u It was agreed and ordered, that the former oath of freemen shall be 
revoked, so far as it is dissonant from the oath of freemen hereunder 
written ; and that those that received the former oath shall stand bound no 
further thereby, to any intent or purpose, than this new oath ties those 
that now take the same." * 

19 Oct. 1630. The names of such as desire to be made ffreemen. 



Mr. Sam 11 Mav r acke 

Mr. Edw. Johnson 

Mr. Edw. Gibbins 

Mr. Will. Jeffries 

Mr. John Burslin 

Mr. Sam 11 Sharpe 

Mr. Tho. Graves 

Mr. Roger Conant 

John "Woodbury 

Peter Palfry 

Mr. Nath. Turner 

Mr. Sam 11 ffreeman 

Eprahim Childe 

Mr. Willra Clerke 

Mr. Abraham Palmer 

John Page 

Mr. Robte ffeake 

Mr. Willm Pelham 

Mr. Ben. Brand 

Mr. Will : Blackstone 

Mr. Edmond Lockwood 

Mr. Rich. Browne 

John Stiekland 

Ralfe Sprage 

Mr. George Ludlowe 

James Pen (62) 

Henry Woolcott 

Thomas Stoughton 

Willm Phelpes 

George Dyar 

John Hoskins 

Thomas fford 

Nich. Upsall 

Stephen Terree 

Henry Smyth 

Roger Willms 

John Wool ridge 

Tho. Lumberd 

Bigatt Egglestone 

John Gri noway 

Christopher Gibson 

John Benham 

Thomas Willms als. Harr 

Rich. Garrett 



John Howman 
John Crabb 
Capt. Waif Norton 
Mr. Alex. Wignall 
Mr. Willm Jennison 
Mr. Thomas Southcoate 
Mr. Rich. Southcoate 
James Pemb r ton 
Mr. John Dillingham 
John Johnson 
George Alcocke 
Mr. Robte Coles 
John Burr 
Thomas Rawlins 
Rich. Bugby 
Rich. Hutchins 
Ralfe Mushell 
Thomas Lambe 
Will : Throdingham 
Willm Chase 

ffoxewell 
Mr. Charles Gott 
Henry Harwood 
Mr. George Phillips 
Mr. John Wilson 
Mr. John Mav r acke 
Mr. John Warham 
Mr. Sam 11 Skelton 
Mr. Will. Colbron 
Mr. Will. Aspinwall 
Edw. Converse 
Mr. Rich. Palgrave 
John Taylour 
Rich. Church 
Rich. Silvester 
Will. Balstone 
Robte Abell 
Mr. Giles Sexton 
Robte Seely 
John Mills 
John C ran well 
Mr. Ralfe Glover 
s Willm Hulberd 
Edmond James 



John Pillips 

Nath. Bowman 

John Doggett 

Laurence Leach 

Daniel Abbott 

Charles Chadwicke 

Will. Drakenbury 

John Drake 

John Balshe 

Mr. Sam 11 Coole 

Mr. Will. Traske 

Will. Gallard 

Will. Rockewell 

Henry Herricke 

Sam 11 Hosier 

Rich. Myllett 

Mr. Abraham Pratt 

Willm James 

Will m Allen 

Sam 11 Archer (63) 

Col Rec, Vol I. pp. 62,63. 

18 May 1631. 
The names of such as took 

the oath of ffreemen. 
Mr. John Mav r acke 
Mr. Jo : Warham 
Mr. Willm Blackestone 
Mr. George Phillips 
Mr. Rich. Browne 
Capt. Dan 11 Pattricke 
Capt. Jo : Und r hill 
Capt. Southcoate 

Mr. Tho. Graves 
Capt. Walt' Norton 
Mr. George Throckm r ton 
Mr. Wm.^Colbran 
S'ieant Morris 

S r ieant Stiekland 

Mr. Roger Conant 
Mr. Charles Gott 
Ralfe Sprage 
Laurence Leach 
John Home 



here 



* Having printed the oath here referred to, (see p 
re omitted. It is in the Col Recs., Vol. I. p. 114. 



41 of this number of Journal,) it is 



L849.] 



List of /■'/■> > , 



91 



Mr. Sam < 
John Woo Ibury 
Mr. John Oldeham 
E< lm< mi' I I /Ockewo< > 1 
John Page 
Mr. Rich. Palgrare 
John I > < > :_' _r * ■ t L 
Rich. Sprage 
SVauncs Johnson 
Tho. Stoughton 
Abraham Palmer 
John Johnson 
Robte Coles, — en 

tin- record. 
Eprahim ( Ihilde 

y Rossiter 
Robte Seely 

lestone 
Mr. Will. Clearke 
Willm Noddle 
Mi-. Etobte ffeak 
Willm. Agar 
Nich Stower 
John Benham 
Willm Balstone 
Stephen Terre 
Sam" I [osier 

Elobte I lanlinu'' 

W il 1 111 Woods 
Mr. George Alcocke 
Elobte Moulton 
Pet 1 Pall'rv 

Mr. Edw.Belchai 
John Edmonds 
( reorge Phillips 
Roger Willms 
John Balche 
John Moore 
Henry Elerrickc 
John Eloskina 
Math. Grant 
John Burr 
Simon I loytt 
Charles ( Ihadwicke 
Willm Parks 
Ralfe Mushell 
Willm Hudson 
Walt 1 Palmer 
Henry Smyth 
Tho. Sbrd 
Jjonaa W eerie 
Mr. Edw. Tomlyna 
Mr. Rich. Saltonstall 
Edw. Gibbons 
Mr. Alex. Wignall 
Mr. "Willm Gennison 
Dan 11 Abbott 
Tho. Rawlins 
Rich. Bugby 
John Warren 



in 



Mr. Willm Jeffry 
1 )a\ \ Johnson 
Nich. Upsall 
Willm Bateman 
Dan" ffinch 
Mr. Jo Burslvn 
Mr. John M 
John Pei 
( rhffin ( ' 

1 »\ ar 

Willm i: ' kewell 
Tho. Moore 
John Taylonr 
Ezekiell Richardson 
Edw. Convei 
■ Abell 
Mr. John Dillingham 

oe 
Roger Man ry 
'I'ho. 1 texter, — ( rased in 

the record. 
Tho. Lambe 
Tho. Willms 
John fferman 

John ( rOSSe 

John ( irinnoway 

( ,\ lea Sexton 
Tho. Lumberd 
Mr. Edw. Jones 
Willm Gallerd 
Willm Alhn 
Rich, Bulgar 
Rich, ffoxewell 
Willm. ffelp 
John Perkins 
Mr. Sun Skelton 
Mr. Edw. Johnson 
Win. Cheesebrougfa 
Anthony DlX< 
SVauncs Smj th 
Srauncis Aleworth ( ~ t) 
C. R., Vol I. pp. 73 

March 6, L681-2. 

Mr. John Kllyott 
Jacob Kllyott 
Abraham Browne 
James Pennyman 
Isaack Perry 
Gregory Baxter 
Willm tlVothin^ham 
Sam" Moore 
John Blacke 
John Mvlls 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 74 

April 3, 1632. 

Mr. John "Winthrop jurf 
Mr. "Willm Aspinwall 
John Sampeford 



Willm Hulbert 

July :;, L6 
Mr. Nfath. Turner 

John 1 

Eliaa Stueman 

Mr. Willm I )''i)i,: 

*.' - - irpe 
Mr. John Wilson 
John Moore 

C. R., I ol I. p. 74. 

I8t 7 . 1 1 

John Phillips 
Valentine Prenti 
John Hull 

\\ akeman 

C. R , Vol I. p. :; 

;• 2, l< 

Mr. s :i m Marfcke 

C R., Vol. I. p. 74. 

.. 8, 1663. 
Mr. Tho. Weld 
Mr. Tho. Jan 
Mr. Jo. Willust 
Mr. J I zgeshall 
Mr. Rich. 1 burner 
Mr. Tho. OUyver 
Mr. John Brariker 
Mr. Tho. Beecher 
Tho. (French 
Willm < rood win 
John Beniamin 
John Talcott 
James < tlmstead 
John Clerke 
\\ i 1 1 in Leawis 
Nath. Richards 
Willm Wadsworth 
Rich. Webb 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 74. 

Mareli 1, 1682-8. 

Willm Curtis 

Thomas Utl'ott 

John Perry 

Isaack Morrall 

Willm Heath 

George Hull 

Eltweed Pummery 

Nich. Penselow 

(ivies Gibbs 

John Neweton 

John White 

Willm Spencer 

John Kirman 

Tymothy Tomlyns (74) 



92 



List of Freemen. 



[Jan. 



Henry Harwood 
Richard Collocott 
Willm Brakenbury 
John Smyth (79) 

C. R., Vol. I. pp. 74, 

April 1, 1G33. 

S r ieant Greene 
Rise Coles 
Wiilm Dady 

a r., Vol. i. p. 

June 11, 1G33. 

"Willm Stilson 
Rich. Millett 
Rich. Lyman 
Jes pi Rawling 
Tho. Smyth 
David Wilton 
John Witchfield 
Elias Mav'acke 

C. R.. Vol. I. p. 

Nov. 5, 1G33. 

Mr. Israeli Stoughton 
Mr. John Coggin 
Mr. Willm Hill 
Mr. John Moody 
John Porter 
ffrauncis Weston 
John Watson 
John Holgrave 

a r., Vol. i. p. 

March 4, 1G33-4. 

Thomas Grubb 
Edmond Hubbert 
Edw. Hutchinson 
Mr. Tho. Leveritt 
Mr. Gyles fferman 
Edmond Quinsey 
Willm Collishawe 
Thomas Minor 
Tho. Howlett _ 
John Gage 
Sam 11 Wilboare 
John Levens 
John Cranwell 
Edw. Mellowes 
James Browne 
Mr. John Woolridge 
Josuah Hewes 
Robte Turner 
John Biggs 
Tho. Matson 
Walter Merry 
Rich. Tappin 
Mr. Atterton Hough 
Willm Andrewes 
Rich. Walker 
George Ruggles 



79. 



79, 



79, 



Mr. Nich. Parker. 

C. R. y Vol. I. p. 79. 

April 1, 1634. 

Mr. Dan 11 Dennison 
George Minott 
Rich. Gridley 
Thomas Reade 
Geonre Hutchinson 
Robte Roise 
John Pemerton 
Bernard Lumbert 
Henry Wuleott 
Rich. Hull 
John Gallop 
Richard Silvester 
Willm Ilorseford 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 79 

May 14, 1G34. 
John Haynes Esq. 
Phillip Sherman 
Daniell Brewer 
Tho. Gaildthait 
Robte Gamlyn Sen T 
Thomas Hale 
Edward Riggs 
John Walker 
Thomas Wilson 
Sam 11 Basse 
Tho. Pigg 
Willm Hill 
Sam 11 flinch 
George Williams 
Edw.' Gyles 
Willm Dixy 
George Norton 
Thomas Eborne 
DanMVray 
Abraham Mellowes 
John Ollyver 
Robte Hale 

Tho. Cakebread (79) 
Tho. Squire 
Robte Houlton 
John Odlyn 
Roger Clapp 
Josuah Carter 
Thomas Talmage 
Richard ffairebancks 
Phillip Tabor 
Gregory Taylour 
John Chapman 
Willm Learned 
Mr. Tho. Hooker 
Mr. Sam 11 Stone 
Edw. Howe 
Bartholmewe Greene 
Rich. Wright 
John Steele 
Edm. Stebbins 



Andre we Warner 
George Steele 
Rich. Butlar 
Thomas Spencer 
Edw. Muste 
Rich. Goodman 
John Pratt 
John Ilaward 
Andre we Ward 
Joseph Twitchwell 
Tho. Hatch 
George Whitehand 
Jerad Hadden 
Joseph Red dings 
Anthony Colby 
John Bosworth 
ffrauncis Plumer 
Humfry Pynny 
Bray Wilkins 
James Rawlyns 
Jacob Barny 
Tho. Lowthrop 
Steven Hart 
Jetlery Massy 
Rich. Brakenbury 
Tho. ffaireweath 1 
Willm Hedges 
John Hoskins 
Peter Woolfe 
Willm Chase 
Willm Talmidge 
Mr. John Cotton 
Nath. Gillett 
Dan 11 Howe 
Myles Reddin 
John Eales 
Mr. Willm Peirce 
Mr. Tho. Mahewe 
Robte Walker 
Pl.illipp Randill 
Tho. llolcombe 
Tho. Dewey 
Tho. JefTYy 
James Parker 
Walter ffiler 
John Haydon 
Edmond Harte 
Willm ITathorne 
Steven H'rench 
Christopher Hussev 
Edw. Bendall 
John Button 
Rich. Raymond 
Jonathan Wade 
Tho. Coldham 
James Tompson 
Tho. Hubbard 
John Hall 
John Baker 
Mr. Willm Brenton 
John Capen 



I •!'.'. | 



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94 



List of Freemen. 



[Jan. 



Christ. Osgood 
Tho. Buckland 
Richard Jacob 
Aron Cooke 
George Phelpes 
Boniface Burton 
Robte Bootefishe 
Robte Dryver 
Willm Edmonds 
John Ravensdale 
John Legg 
George ffarr 
Robte Cotty 
Mr. Steven Batchel r 

C. R., Vol. L p. 153, 

Sep. 2, 1635. 

Willm Blumfeild 
Joseph Hull 
Willm Reade 
Richard Adams 
John Upham 
Robte Lovell 
Willm Smyth 
Richard Woodward 
Peter Hubbert 
Mr. George Byrditt 
Mr. Townsend Bishopp 
Phillip Yereing 
Mr. John ffawne 
Thomas Serag^s 

C. R., Vol. Lp. 153, 

March 3, 1635-6. 

Mr. Clem*. Chaplaine 
Willm Mosse 
Willm Dyar 
Joseph Wells 
John Coge swell 
Richard Tuttle 
Robte Lord 
Willm Walton 
Tho. Loreing 
Clem' Bates 
John Astwood 
Tho. Wakely 
Willm Norton 
George Ludkin 
George Marshe 
John Ottis 
Nicholas Baker 
Nicholas Jacob 
Davicl Phippin 
Edmond Batter 
Philemon Dolton 
John Whitney 
Willm Swayne 
Henry Kingman 
Thomas White 
An gel 1 Hoi lard 
John Kingsbury 



John Levett 

Tho. Rawlyns 

Roger Harlakendine Esq. 

Mr. Joseph Cooke 

Mr. George Cooke 

Mr. Nich. Danforth 

Tho. Marryott 

Mr. Sam 11 Shepheard 

Willm fi'reneh 

Simon Crosby 

Tho. Cheeseholme 

John Russell 

Passe veil Greene 

Mr. Hugh Peters 

Thomas Bloyett 

Edmond ffrost 

Mr. Tho. Shepheard 

Henry Yane Esq. 

Tho. Ewer 

Tho. Brigden 

Michaell Bastowe 

Joseph Andrewes 

C. R., Vol Lp. 153, 

May 25, 1636. 
Jasper Gun 
Thorn : Bell 
Mr. Samuell Apleton 
Isaack Heathe 
Philip Elliot 
Adam Mott 
William Webbe 
Edward Woodman 
Thomas Judd 
John Knight 
Rich r d Knight 
Anthony Mosse 
Rob r t Longe 
Rob r t Hawkins 
Edward Carington 
Bernard Capen 
Will. Hamond 
John Saunders 
Robert Kaine 
Daniel Maude 
Ralph Hudson 
Thomas Hassord 
James Johnson 
John Davy 
George Bate 
Nathaniell Heaton 
Will. Benseley 
Will. Townsend 
Rich r d Bracket 
Thom. Savage 
Mr. Henry fflinte 
Will. Courser 
James Browne 
Zacheus Bosworth 
Mathias Ives 
Will. Wilson 



Will. Salter 
Anthony Harker 
Edward Goffe 
Rich r d Champnyes 
Edmond Lewis 
John Stowers 
John Smythe 
John Eaton 
Edmond Sherman 
John Coolidore 
Gregory Stone 
Symon Stone 
George Hepburne 
Will. Kinge 
Augustine Clement 
Rich r d Karder 
John Higgenson 
John My lam 
Thom. Dimocke 
John Loverin 
Willi. Wilcocks 
Edward Bennet 
Thom. Mekyn junior 
Hugh Gunnison 
Edmond Jackson 
Bernaby Doryfall 
Mr. Rich r d Bellingham 
Mr. John Winthrope sen. 
Mr. John Humfrey 
Mr. Thom. Dudley 
Mr. Will. Coddington 
Increase Nowell 
Symon Bradstreete 

C. R. y Vol Lp. 194. 

Dec. 7, 1636. 

James Bate 
Edward Clapp 
John Smythe 
Edward White 
David Price 
George Aldridge 
Oliver Purchase 
John Webbe 
Alexand 1 Winchester 
Robert Scotte 
Steven Winthrope 
Will. Goodhewe 
Gilbert Crackborne 
Samuell Whiteing 
Thomas Brooke 
Willi. Wilcockson 
Will. Beadseley 
Alexand 1 Knolls 
Thom. Atkinson 
John Holland 
Walter Nicoles 

C. jR., Vol Lp. 194. 

Dec. 8, 1636. 
Mr. Thom. Jenner 



1849.] 



List of F 






fTrancti Lightf 
ECdward Howe 

John More 
Thorn. Beale 

I /:. I 

March B, 11 

l Ketcham 
Ri< Ir.l R 

Joseph [saack 
John Hassell 
Rich'd Befshara 
Anthony I 

ii II \\ arde 
Thomas I lamond 
Thomas I rnden* 
Nicolas II 
John Winchcsl 
Abraham Shawe 

Will. Barshara 
Rich'd B 
IjIu ard Bal 
Jenkin I *.i\ a a 
Mathewe w 
Gen 
Thomas T\ I 

I h nry ( 'oil infl 

Robert ! 
James 1 1<\ den 
Thomas Samfoard 
John Stron 
Thomas ( !ai 
Joseph Armit 
R h 'I W.i\ te 
Robert Hull 
Rich. Wayde 

Will. Dinny 

Thomas Meakins 

(' R., Vol. I p. 

April 18, I 
Thomas Parish 
Thomas Briggam 
William Cutter 
Willi. Towne 
John ( lore 
Robert Sever 
John Ruggles 
Laurence Wmtamore 
John Graves 
Gyles Pason 
Greorge Kinge 

C. R\ Vol I. p. 

April 1 7, 1637, 

Christopher fibster 
Thorn. Browninge 
Symon Eyre 

William Dodire 



Nathani. I 
Kdwarr] I >ii 

fTrai 

\.illi;iiii. \\ 

John Sim the 

Y,<\\\ I,' 
I h< ima - \\ 
John I. I'll. • 

I R I / 

M .•. |7 9 14 

I 

[' 
Wii le 

•I ; :. < • 

Rdmond Marshall 

i I 

ll.m\ B 

J hon 

Nil-.,! \ 
Archi W 

John B 

Pike 
Thomi ( man 
Math ( 
1 

! ! inn 
Willi. Sumner 
1 I 

I 

Thoi i 
Philip Drink 
J< 'l,u ( 'hcney 
l .» i. Ji >hn S( irtoo 
John S 
Thorn. Wells 
John Perkins 
Willi. Lamp* 
Thorn. Bircher 
Edward Porter 
James Howe 
Thom. 1 
John Sharman 
John Rogers 
Myles Nutte 
James < >smer 
Rich'd Johnson 
• Thomas Parker 

John Banchet 
John Gibson 

C. A'., Vol. I p. 195. 

Sep. 7, it;:;:. 
Mr. Greorge Moxam 



Mr. 'W i. Dall 

'■'• 

Ed* - 

Will. I 
Mr. • 

( R I 

I Si 

! \ 

I 

II: 

•' 

Jnhli ' 

John I'' 
N 1 '■ 
I{ 

S 
Mr. 1 Hint 

on 

! | ' 

\\ II 

\\ I Ikin 

I 
lK-nrv Tnttlf 



( \ I: . i 






May J. ' 

I 

Thomas Rich'dson 
Edward Johnson 
John Brii 
[saai k Mixer 

Il'i nry K.nihall 
Willi. Nickel • 

Henry Dow 

Nicho. Bj r.im 
Samu. Hackburne 
Abraham Bowe 
John Tatman 
Rob't Williams 
Bumfrey Atln-rton 
( rabriell M« ade 
Ralph Tomkins 
Rich'd Bawes 
Alexander Miller 
Joseph Wilson 



96 



List of Freemen. 



[Jan. 



Michaell Willes 

John Sill 
George Willis 
Thomas Swetman 
Edward Hall 
Mr. William Hubberd 
Rich'd Lumkin 
Willi. Warrener 
Marke Symoncls 
Thomas Rawlinson 
Thomas Carter 
Willi. Knight 
George Taylor 
John Gould 
Thomas Cobbet 
D; niell Peirce 
Wi Ham Ballard 
Willi. Thorne 
Abi aham Tappin 
Henry Lunt 
John Browne 
Henry Burdsall 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 19G. 

June 9, 1G38. 
Mr. Natha. Eaton 

C. R., Vol. Lp.ldG. 

Sep. G, 1G38. 

The magistrates of Ipswich 

had order to give 
Mr. Natha. Rogers the oath 

of Freedom. 

C. R.j Vol. I. p. 19G. 

Sep. 7, 1G38. 

Thomas Hale 
Rich r d Singletery 
Steven fFosditch 
Nicholas Browne 
Zachary ffitche 
Thomas Tredwell 
Geo. Giddings 

C. R., Vol I. p. 19G. 

March 13, 1638-9. 
Mr. John Allen 
Mr. Edward Alleyne • 
Mr. Ralph Wheelocke 
Mr. Willm Tvnge 
John Leuson 
John Frayrye 
Eleazer Lussher 
John Hunting 
Rob r t Hinsdall 
Edward Kempe 
John Dwite 
Henry Phillips 
Mr. Joseph Peck 



Henry Smythe 
Edward Gilman 
Thomas Cooper 
John Beale 
Henry Chamberlin 
Thomas Clapp 
John Palmer 
John Tower 
Henry Webbe 
James Mattucke 
John Tuttle 
Theophi. Wilson 
Jeremy Belcher 
Willi. Cockeram 
Edward Bates 
John Rogers 
Christopher Batte 
Samuel Neweman 
Mr. Robert Peck 
Edmond Greenlifife 
Thomas Bulkeley 
Luke Potter 
Ephraim Wheeler 
Robert Merriam 
James Bennet 
John Whiteman. 
William Palmer 
William Eastowe 
Thorn. Moulton 
Riclrd Swayne 
Willi. Wakefeild 
Thom. Joanes 

C. R., Vol I. p. 196 

March 14, 1G38-9. 

Nicho. Butler 
Mr. Thom. Wills 
Mr. Edward Holliock 
Mr. Rich'd Sadler 
Mr. Edward Howell 
Thomas Townesend 
Edward Baker 
Henry Gaynes 
Nicholas Batter 
James Boutwell 
Rich'd Wells 
Willi. Langley 
Robert Parsons 
Godfrey Armitage 
Arthur Geeree 
Joseph Pell 
Thomas Lay ton 
Willi. Partridge 
Roger Shawe 
Robert Dannell 
Hezechi. Upher 
Christopher Cayne 
Rob r t Steedman 
George Keezar 

[To be continued.] 



Emanuel Downeing 



Edward Burcham 

Joseph Merriam 

Thomas Browne 

George ifoule 

Willi. Busse 

Henry Brooke 

Henry ffarewell 

Roger Draper 

John Miles 

Sethe Switzer 

Isaack Cole 

John Wisewall 

John Maudsley 

Joseph rfarn worth 

William Reed 

William Blake 

Thomas Dickerman 

Thomas Clarke 

"Mr. Endicot and Mr. 

John Winthrope jun. had 

order to give 
Mr 

the oath of flreedome." 
C. R., Vol. I. p. 19G. 

22 May, 1039. 

Mr. Willi. Sergent 
j\Ir. Thom. Hawkins 
Mr. Sam. flfreeman 
Thomas Marten 
Nichol. Guye 
Mr. Samu. Winslcy 
Steven Dumer 
John Osgood 
John Gooffe 
John Mussellwhit 
Steven Kent 
John Rimington 
Thomas Browne 
John Moulton 

Hulling 
Rich 1 Waters 
Thomas Ruggles 
Joseph Shawe 
ffrancis More 
Walter Edmonds 
Willi. Bowstreete 
Hopestill ffostere 
Thomas Scotto 
Willi. Adams 
Thomas Says 
John Alderman 
Griffin Bowen 
John Spooer 
Riclrd Hollidge 
John Clarke 
Giles Airman 
Josua Tedd 
Beniamin ffelton 






L.S40.] P : 7 



A! ON ! HE • LYN 1 

Abi 

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W PI BLK 

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n prejiuine \.\-:^ for thinjrs tin 
admit u< to 

iv make at some fnture time. * 
Who has not read "W gone" rf any can 

now, Negative, and r. stration facing J 



98 Notices of New Publications. [Jan. 

" Two forms are now in that chapel dim, 
The Jesuit silent and sad and pale, 
Anxiously heeding some fearful tale 
"Which a stranger is telling him " — 

resistance would be vanquished; the idle beholder would be compelled to read with inter- 
est that beautifully composed tale of the latter days of the Red Men. 

The Dudley Genealogies and Family Records. [With a cut of the] 
Arms of Hon. Thomas Dudley, first Deputy Governor and second Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts Bay. By Dean Dudley. 

" Children's children are the crown of old men ; 
And the glory of children are their fathers." 

Boston: Published by the Author. 1848. 8vo. pp.144. 

Besides the genealogy of the Dudley family contained in this volume, there is a large 
amount concerning numerous other families, among which are those of Avery, Bailey, 
Bartlctt, Bixby, Bean, Bennoch, Blaisdell, Blanchard. Bradstreet. Buck, Child, Coit, Cotton, 
Cressy, Dennison, Dodge, Emerson, Emery, Fellows, Folsom, Gilbert, Gould, Greely, Hardie, 
Harthorn, Hill, Hall, Hilton, Hubbard, Kinsley, Kimball, Ladd, Langdon, Lovell, Lovcring, 
Manwaring, Mumford, Miller, Moody, Morrill, Orc.utt, Pase, Parker, Peabody, Philbrick, Per- 
kins, Perryman, Pilsbury, Richards, Rogers, Rumrill, Saltonstall, Seaver, Sewall, Sidney , 
Thing, Thurston, Tucker, Treat, Tuffts, Wanton, Webster, Weston, Washburn, Whiting, 
Williams, Winthrop, Woodbridge, Woodward, Young. 

The work of Mr. Dudley, though one of great labor and must have cost him much 
money as well as time, he tells us in his preface, is only an " introduction " to what he in- 
tends to do for his name and family. We heartily commend -his zeal, and we hope in the 
end he will find himself amply remunerated for the sacrifices it must cost him. Should 
he go unrewarded, those he has strived so hard to benefit deserve to go unremembercd. 

A Brief General History of the Welles, or Wells, Family. By Albert 
Wells. New York. 1848. 8vo. pp. 25. 

The " Prefatory Remarks" in Mr. Wells's work being brief, we extract it entire. 

" This publication is intended as an introduction to a large work, now and for nearly 
nine years in progress of compilation — embracing a Genealogical History of about ten 
thousand of the lineal descendants of Thomas Welles, the original emigrant and founder 
of the famih 7 in this country. Those who are connected, are respectfully solicited to com- 
municate whatever information they may possess, including family registers of births, 
marriages and deaths, to the author, post paid, as it is very desirable to make the collection 
as complete as possible before publication. A lithographic genealogical tree will accom- 
pany the large work, including all the descendants ascertained." 

This "introduction" to a history of the Wells family is good evidence of what the 
author is able and competent to do, and we hope nothing will prevent his bringing his 
materials into form in a short time, that those now far advanced in years may have the 
pleasure of knowing the work has been done before closing their pilgrimage here. 

An Address, delivered at the opening of the New Toicn Hall, Ware, 
Mass., March 31, 1847. Containing sketches of the early history of that 
town, and its first settlers. By William Hyde. Published at the request 
of the Town. Brookfield, Ms. Merriam & Cooke, Printers. 1847. 8vo. 
pp. 56. 

The work before us is quite a formidable pamphlet, and to make even a slight synopsis 
of its contents would exceed our limits. From the cursory glance which we have been 
able to give to its pages, we are of opinion that it comprehends an excellent history of the 
town of Ware. Although this town is comparatively of recent date, yet we are told 
that, as early as 1G86, December the 27th, its eastern part was included in a purchase made 
of the Indian proprietors, '■'John Magus, Lawrence Nassowanno, attorneys to Jlnogomok, 
sachem of the tract of land called Wombemesisecook, James and Simon, sons and heirs of 
Black James, sachem of the Nipmug [usually Nipmuck] country." The price paid was 
" £20. current money of N. England," and " divers good causes and considerations." The 
value of what was understood by the latter clause not being very apparent. 

For other particulars we must refer the reader to the Avork itself, if he can find it. The 
author has kindly sent one. copy to the Genealogical Society. To that we are indebted for 
our knowledge of its existence. We ordered some copies from the printers, but it being 
published by the town, we presume it is not for sale. 



/.' | ' A I \\ I by the Centennial -A 

versa rj of Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL. I ). I > livi n ! nl Elollis, N. 11 , 
.lu!\ I lth, L847. B i 'im Parrar Ci iry. Printed by i 
Andover: Printed bj William II. \\ J47. Bvo. pp. 

I iflion which p 

..-. it i- I 
embrai cd in n manner woi I 
lis truly phil< ■ 

JUDOI I \ RR \ i: I 

in prinl i uoui .it ill.- i ■ i 

brief notii e of the 
ipon the • 

I 
crumbled into da R 

lution I. is rolled il 

• hat in.; mnterm u 

running 
changes has 

• and rc-< isl in m . and still new 
rushed into the I e truth was 1 I 

ing in".-, and -till new< r form 

sive hidii an 

hundred j 

A History the County of 1 ! > el 

sent time, V, : R< • :■.. w, Jr., N 

Rochelle,* 1 and a nn ml er i Y. I] 

■• It is the pi ivil i I tory to im 

to : k things I by tin. 

to 1 i > 

II 

- Vol 8i o. N 5 \ - . l ; i K 

Bt 18 18. pp. 1 1 11. 

This work, we an I us It 

know 'i to us thai Mr. B o 

county, but that he was going eclipse all \ - in 

this department in i spect to i • tu 

I • i [uaintance w ith Mr. Boll 

ance would accomplish an undertaking, his w< aid n l 

before us two stout thick octavo volum is, pn fu flf with i te en- 

gravings of family arms, views of residences, churcl ] 

\\ hich will attract the attention of many of our readers in a pat ti ular • 
pedigre s In this department of his work the aul I. 

made long and i > examine fan with old 

and so on. To he brief, Mr. Bolton seems to have followed I 

ing up his work, thai is, the raai I I I by the county hisi try, 

much further than any of our local historians have hitherto II 

chiefly displayed in the legal tabular form, and are folded into his work 1 il 
of the pedigrees thus displayed are of tl ' norence, Pmcknt . M 

kzs, Del . ■ - 

Bartow, l'ii l( r/ii/l. 1 Mom's, and S 

It is but very recently that we have had an opportunity to Mr. 

Bolton's work, no one having - served us with a copy, but w< we 

shall be favored with one before long, — nor do we know of its being for Bale an 

In index to the work under notice would vastly enhance its value. 

The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge, for the 
year 1849. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown. 1848. 
L2mo. pp. 370. 

Although this most important of American annuals has changed hands (publishers) sir.co 
its last appearance, it has certainly not lost any thing in value. It is in fact the greatest 



100 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[Jan. 



embodiment of every day matters and things that can well be conceived of. After care- 
fully looking through its index, every one must be surprised at the vast range it compre- 
hends — Fleets, Annies, States, Kingdoms, Cities, Mississippis, Ohios, Ontarios and Erics, 
all pass in review before us, giving the most satisfactory accounts of themselves. 
We wish ihe publishers could afford to give us a lee-tle better paper. 

The New Hampshire Annual Register, and United States Calendar, 
for the year IS ID. By G. Parker Lyon. No. xxviii. Concord: Pub- 
lished by G. P. Lyon. 18mo. pp. 168. 

The following important little memorandum Mr. Lyon has included in brackets on his 
title-page: " The numbering of the Register commenced with 1822, by Dr. John Farmer, 
who was then engaged as compiler. The first Register published for New Hampshire, was 
in 1772." There is no other prefatory matter accompanying the work. We are particu- 
larly pleased with the appearance of this number, because it is in keeping with its prede- 
cessors, especially those on which the name of Farmer appears. It is in every respect a 
most valuable little manual for not only the inhabitants of the Granite State, but for those 
who have gone from it. 

Tlie Massaeliusetts Quarterly Review. No. V. December, 1848. 
Boston: Published by Coolidge & Wiley. 8vo. pp. 136. 

When this work was announced for publication, very considerable interest was mani- 
fested by the reading community. The occasion of the interest thus excited was at the 
s.iine time fully explained, as it was understood that the Rev. Theodore Parker was to 
be a principal contributor to its pages; and with the name of Mr. Parker were given sev- 
eral others, any one of whom alone was a sufficient guarantee that the work would not be 
wanting in interest. It has now reached the first number of a second volume. The mat- 
ters discoursed upon in the present number are, I. The Political Destination of America. 
II. Legality of American Slavery. III. The Law of Evidence. IV. The Works of W. 
S. Landor. V. A New Theory of the Effects of the Tides. VI. Postal Reform. VII. 
Tiie Free Soil Movement. 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGE S. 

Ames, Mr. Franklin K.,of Mansfield, 30 

Nov., at S. Scituate, to Miss Abby A. 

Oris of Scituate. 
Andrews, Mr. Henry G., of Boston, 19 

September, at Plymouth, to Elizabeth 

Bliss, dau. of the late Hon. Nathaniel 

M. Davis. 
Atherton, Mr. Otis, of Newton Lower 

Falls, 26 Oct., to Miss Jane R. Rice of 

the same place. 
Clapp, Mr. Otis W., in New York, 20 

Nov., to Miss Marion L., only dau. of 

Hon. George Brings of New York. 
Cutler, Mr. John L.. of Farminsjton, Me., 

at Augusta, 18 Oct , to Miss Zylphia, 

dau. of Hon. Ruel Williams. 
Drake, Amos G.,of Boston, to Miss Ma- 
ria S. Potter of Charlestown, 9 Nov. 
French, Hon. Benjamin Vinton, of 

Braintree, 9 Oct., to Miss Harriet A. 

Sec; a r of Brooklyn, N. Y.. at St. Paul's 

Church, N. Y. 
Hinckley, E. R., Esq.. Boston, to Miss 

Fan nik E. Hill, 9 Nov. 
Jewett, Daniel T., Esq , of Bangor, Me , 

at Roxbury, 1 Dec, to Miss Sarah J., 



dau. of the late Hon. John Wilson of Bel- 
fast, Me. 

Kellogg, Elliot G., Esq , of Burlington, 
Vt., 7 Nov., to Hannah B. Foster of 
Roxbury. 

King, Rev. Thomas Starr, pastor of 
Hollis St. Church, Boston, 17 Dec. to 
Miss Julia Maria, dau. of Noah Wig- 
gin, Esq. 

Lawrence, T. Btgelow, of Boston, 5 
Dec, to SALLiE,dau. of Robert J. Ward, 
Esq., of Louisville, Kv-, at L. 

Lewis, Mr. Joseph W., of Philadelphia, 
to Miss Anne H. Kidder of Boston, 9 
Nov. 

Lombard, Mr. Israel, Jr., of Boston, to 
Miss Susan, dau of Francis Kidder, 
Esq , of Bristol. 

Loring, Mr. George, of Concord, 22 
Nov., to Miss Ann D., dau. of the late 
Rev. Samuel Ripley. 

Melcher, Mr. Ja m es F., of Exeter, N. II., 
31 Aug., to Miss Susan L, dau. of the 
late Samuel Dearborn of North Hamp- 
ton, N. H. 

Otis, Benj. F., in St. Louis. 21 Aug., to 
Miss Sarah K. Swan of Worcester. 

Paige, Mr. West, of Hardwick, 13 Dec, 



'•'•I 



and Dea 



K'l 



to M < ' '■■ 

oi II 

r of ■ 

1 ' l.i'.-:; 

% . I ! 

; L. 
R i c k , M 
vi] Maria ] 

I >'! I >. 

I I . 

t o M i s s H. V. D i 

|)i:i : 
Ro ] 
ton Repub 
Harriet J. Hai ■ ell. 

. 1 I . 

1GUI Ml v; - i ■ ■ I 

!. I I'. . . I 'I V. I I 

8 I -<|.. 1 1 5 

p 
I ! 
MlSS E MIL! 

Wh< rk, at 

Ro 

i n 0., M. D 
Di Cathari • the 

la!<- P T ' 

Ti h v - er, Mr. r A 

\] i EL 

I'lMI \ \1, Di 

Miss Catharine Cm 
eph Bell. 
Wen t worth, M 

Nov . to M i - 
Winthi U. S. Consul in 

Mai 

Sir Will ■ I 
Yoi I 

A 

ton. 



D E A T II S 

Adai M ia, B 

wife of Rev. Nehemiah Adams, D. D. 

A i bee, Mr. Sj m i on, Mill >rd, > s Oc 
88. He was a drummer in the Revolu- 
tionary Army. 

Barrett, IM reb, Brookline, N. H., 

15 Sept., in her 100th year. 

Baku i:ir. Dr. Ezra, Haverhill, N. II. 
Dec, ae. 78, the last surviving child of 
Hon. Josiah Bartlett. one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence. 

Bartlett, Mr. Mosi s, Northampton 
Nov. a3. 87. 

Bartlett, Mr. George, Roxburv, 
Dec, ae. 82. 

Bigelow, Abijah, Esq., Michigan City, 
Ind., 2S Oct., ?e. 92, a soldier of the Rev- 
olution, a native of Waltham. 



( tor- 

Si 

■ I 

I 

,. \ V 
* • 

in 
the 

nee, in 

- 
1 i I 

I I 

am 

bri 

1 

■ 

In ; 

I 

- 
! 
ployed in I 
the 

; • nu- 
ll I in the 

Gen d in 

the winti 

I-" the 

reat throi 

and \\ nt at the battle of Mon- 

mouth, li* 1 continued in a< 

until the close of the war in 178 
when the army was d re- 

turned to private life with the hi 
k of major. 

Tin - subsequently he a^'ain 

entered the service of his country, v ith 
the rank of captain, and was for several 
years actively i I in the Indian 

wars along the . n frontier, under 

General Anthony Wayne. His death 
has left Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer 
the only surviving olficer of Wayne's 
army. Four years he held the command 
of Fort Mackinaw, then a solitary post 
almost entirely cut off from communica- 
tion with the civilized world. In the 
war with Great Britain, which com- 
menced in 1812, he commanded at New 



102 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[Jan. 



York, Newport, New London and Green- 
bush, with the rank of brigadier general ; 
and on the declaration of peace in 1815, 
retired from public service to spend the 
evening; of his days in the tranquillity of 
domestic life; having spent 38 years al- 
most incessantly in active military ser- 
vice. It was at that time that he fixed 
his abode in this city, of which he con- 
tinued a resident till his death. 

Gen. Burbeck was one of the original 
members of the society of Cincinnati, 
and was the last survivor of those whose 
names were first subscribed to the arti- 
cles of association. At the time of his 
decease he was president of the Cincin- 
nati of Massachusetts. — New London 
Chronicle. 

He retained his faculties in a wonder- 
ful degree. In an interview with him a 
few months before his death, we found 
him reading a newspaper with apparent 
ease. His recollections of Boston before 
the Revolution, as then related, were 
exceedingly interesting. He located 
with seeming accuracy the houses all 
along what is now Tremont street, gave 
the names of their occupants, &c. 

Carpenter, Mr. Jona. N, at Montpelier, 
Vt., 19 Oct. 

Champion, Mr. Reuben, Lyme, Ct., 10 
Dec, as. 92, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Clagett. Miss Emma, at Roxbury, 20 
Oct., dau. of the late Hon. Clifton Clag- 
ett of Amherst, N. H. 

Cleveland, G. W., Esq., of Salem, at 
Pontotoe, Miss, 20 Sept., of congestion 
of brain. H. C. 1832. 

Clark, Mrs. Betsy, Plymouth, 22 Sept., 
ae. 92. 

Clarke, Mrs. Esther, Salem, 25 Sept., 
ce. 90, widow of the late Rev. John 
Clarke, D. D , of Boston. 

Coffin, C. Parker, Boston, 25 Oct., ae. 
15 mos, son of N. W. Coffin, Esq., of B. 

Collins, Mr. Joseph, Gardiner, Me., 6 
Dec, 33. 89, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Cook, Mr. Sylvanus, Windham, Me., 22 
Nov., ae 74, formerly of Kingston, Ms. 

Dean. Mrs. Abigail, Woburn, 13 Sept., 

33.67. 

Dearborn, Mrs. Mary, North Hampton, 
N. H., 7 Nov., ae. 68, w:fe of Mr. Simeon 
Dearborn. 

Dickinson, Mr. Samuel N., at his resi- 
dence in Roxbury, 16 Dec, of consump- 
tion. Mr. Dickinson is probably known 
as widely as the typographic art in this 
country. He was a man of remarkable 
order, fine taste, great energy, and under 
his hands arose one of the best arranged 
job and book printing establishments in 
the land. At a recent period he added 
to his business of printing that of type 
founding and stereotyping. It was his 
untiring application to business that 
planted the disease of which he died. 
He gave himself no respite, not from a 



passion for amassing, but from a natural 
impulse to do every thing well. He made 
himself useful, enjoyed the high satisfac- 
tion of honoring a noble art, and will 
long be remembered. His Almanac, the 
favorite year-book of Boston, was edited 
to the last by himself. He indeed took 
special pains with the last number, and 
had just finished it, with all his accus- 
tomed accuracy, when he died. His age 
was 47 years. — Chronoti/pe. 

Dodge, Mr. Abraham, Newburyport, 12 
Oct., as. 85, a Revolutionary pensioner. 

Durgin. Lieut. John, Sanbornton, N. H., 
24 Oct., ae. 92, a Revolutionary pen- 
sioner. 

Eddy, Mrs. Abby A., E. Middleboro', 28 
Oct., 33. 55, wife of Nathaniel Eddy, Esq. 

Felt, Capt. John, New Orleans, 8 Sept., 
ae. 34, a native of Boston. 

Foster, John, Esq., S. Scituate, 16 Sept., 

33. 80. 

Fuller, Mary Ann, Boston, 17 Nov., 33. 
40, dau. of the late Seth Fuller. 

Gay, Rev. Samuel, Hubbardston, 16 
Oct., suddenly, as. 63. H. C. class of 
1805. 

Hale, Hon. William, Dover, N. H , 9 
Nov., 33. 84, formerly M. C. 

Hancock, Allen, Esq, Dudley, 11 Oct., 
ae. 94. 

Hartwell, Mr. George H., of Cincin- 
nati, O., at Albany, N. Y., suddenly, 9 
Sept., 33. 39, a native of New England. 

Herrick, Mr. John, Brighton, 21 Oct., 33. 
39, son of the late John H. 

Hewitt, Mr. Thomas. Taunton, 25 Oct., 
33. 92, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Hollts, Mrs. Pamela, in Charlestown, 
20 Oct., as. 76. 

Hollister, Mr. Joseph, Salisbury, Ct., 
30 Sept., 33. 96, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

Hooper, Mrs. Ellen, wife of Dr. R. W. 
Hooper of Boston, and dau. of Wm. Stur- 
gis, 3 Nov. 

Ingraham, Joseph, Esq., East Thomas- 
ton, Me., 23 Oct., 33. 90. 

Jordan, Mrs. Hannah, widow, Monroe, 
Me., 27 Sept., 33. 90. 

Lawrence, William, Esq., Boston, 15 
Oct., as. 65, brother of Hon. Abbot Law- 
rence. 

Le Mercier, Mrs. Mary Sigourney, 
Boston, 5 Dec , ae. 90, widow of the late 
Pierre Le M. of St. Malo, France. 

Lunt, Mrs. Emily Ashton, at the resi- 
dence of Mr. J. L. Tucker of W. Cam- 
bridge, 19 Nov., as. 23, wife of Hon. Geo. 
Lunt of Boston. 

Lyman, Deacon Solomon, Easthamp- 
ton, 15 Oct., 33. 85. 

Mack, Mrs. Harriet E., Salem, wife of 
Elisha M., Esq., 21 Nov., 33. 56, last sur- 
viving child of the late Rev. John Clarke, 
D. D., of the first church in Boston. 
Mallard, Mr. Thomas, Warwick, 30 
Sept., 33. 88, a soldier of the Revolution. 



L849.] 



Marriage* and Deaths* 



103 



Mason How Jeremiah bN ton L4 Oct., 

■ 50, formerly "i Portsmouth, N 1 I. 

Mayhew, M l. jarton, ] 3 

Not 

M lyhi « M r« . Mj •■ i Mag d i i 
gai ton, - - Sei ' ' 79, widon ol M 
Matthew Maj new. 

Mayhem M i P ieli Edgarl 
Oci ■■ •• "i the late I 

Wm M. 

Mi ins, Capt. Thomas, Etna, M- 
( »ci . !■. 9 I vi- ". mot . a soldier of the 
Re\ olution, and also ol the last w si with 
Great Britain. 

M boe, Mrs. I! d i b I... Ch 
Dec . be 35, \\ ife "i Mr. < feoi g^e M . dan. 
ol Mr. Bickford Pulsifer ef lp-\\ ich, 
sister of Mr. David Pulsifei of Boston. 

Otis, Hon. Haf I • I 

Oct., a? 84. He \\ as son ol Samuel Al- 
lyne < His of 15 irnstable, bj I beth, 
iliu. ol I Ion 1 1. u rison ' fray and the 
in descenl from the first Amei ic in pro- 
genitoi . See Gt nealogu al Rq ! . Vol. 
II. p 292, &c. .Mr. ( >tis '•• as an « 
member of the N. E I list. Gen S 
one of its considerable benel ictoi s, 

Parser, Mrs. Edi i b, Jaffrev, N. 1! 
Oct.a?. 96 yrs. 9 mos, widow ol" the 
late Hon. Abel Paikei 

P \ rcH, Cap p. Josi ph, Hamilton, 17 
i B6, .i soldier ol the Re\ olution. 

PaYSON, Ml !. Ann Loi ISA, Will 

1 7 Nov , as, 6 i. \\ idow "i the late Edm ard 

Payson, D. D. ol Portland, at the resi- 
dence of her son-in-law, Prol Hopki 
Perkins, Mrs Lu< .. Kennebunkport, 23 

Sept., as. 89 j rs. 9 mos. 
Phelps, A.bj l, Esq., Watertown, 2*3 Sept . 

as. i: 
Philbrick, Mrs. Ruth, widow, Epsom, 

N. II . 22 Oct., a 
Pierce, Joshua \ ., Boston, 10 Dec, m, 

39, consumption. 
Plaisted, Mr. Roger, Buxton, Me., 9 

Oct,a' 94, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
Poor, Dr. Sylvanus, Andover, Me., 1 

Nov., ae. SO. 
Prince, John, Esq., Salem, 22 Sept., e. 

p6, eldest son of the late Dr. Prince, ami 

a grad. H. C. 1800. 
Putnam, Rev. Israel A . X Danvers, 31 

Oct.. 33. '-'7, son of Hon. Elias Putnam. 
Rogers, Mr. W. E. P., Haverhill, 16 Nov.. 

formerly editor of the Gazette of that 

town. 
Silsbeb, Francis H., Esq., Salem, .t. 37, 

a graduate of H. C. in the class of 1S31. 
Simonds, Mrs. Mary B., Boston, wife of 

Artemas S., Esq., a-. 54. 
Smith, Mrs. Lucy, Ipswich, G Oct., ae. 

94, relict of the late Aaron Smith. 
Smith, Mr Nathan, Waliham,S Oct., ae. 

01, the oldest male inhabitant of that 

town. 
Snelling, Mr. Wm. J., late editor of the 

Boston Herald, suddenly, at his residence 



in t D ' I !!'■ ■ 

in the last w ai w ith Ei 

w I'll,-, ; 

as well as prose His u Truth " will 
live as long be the " Dm red 

to w hi' i tame i eribrrn- 

an< • l must !"• said of it. 

bat "i the init/i of " Truth " w e b 

His M 1 
ol 

cri| tions ol Indian life any v 
be found. Mr v ritinc in 

i w E that time I 

been const 

.in foni ifter t Ho deal 

Mi r-in-law, Mi 5 - 

m w bom Mi S. In i 

fell from hi ired 

also. 

rns, Mi . North Andover, 

16 £ v -~>. 

i . Mr. ChaRLI S, Cincinnati. 

■ 

Strong, H. We 1 I . . N Y 

7 i rl) ol Amhei 

r Mrs. M.\ km K. I., 17 

Sept., in her 1 05th j • 

'I' i bo-sa-gwa ni '.in, a distinj 
Indian chiefs | 

Willi Sept year. 

The ow- 

g obituai e \ Cah- 

im-u a-g i. ( ' I 

u He wai - cl of t lie 

1 quota nal led In m 

l,'\ . John Will 

\\ bo, w iih his family and parishioi 
were taken captives at the sacking ol Ins 
native town, by the French and Indians, 
in the yeai 1 70 1. The decease d \\ as an 
active participant in the scenes of the 
Revolution, espousing the cause of the 
British .it Bennington and Saratoga. 
During the warol 1812, by special in- 
vitation of the United govern- 
ment, be pi iced himself under the pro- 
tection of i;> ila^. ami was present at the 
battle ol Plattsburgh. He had tor many 
years maintained the tenets of the Chris- 
tian faith, and died as he had lived, res- 
pected and beloved by his people, and in 
the full hope of a blissful immortality."' 
— Boston Daily Journal, of 17 0</., 1848. 

Tyler, Rev. Edward R., New Haven, 28 
Sept., as. 46. Mr. Tyler was the able 
conductor of the New Englander. 

Whiting, Mr. Oliver J., New Orleans, 
12 Nov.. a*. :.l . loimerly of Charlestown. 

Willard, Samuel Sheafe, Cambridge, 
is Oct., a\ 07, son of the late President 
Willard. 

Wilson, Mrs. Mary S., Keene, N. II., 5 
Oct., ae. 50. wife of Hon. James Wilson. 

Young, Mr. James, Fayette, Me., 27 
Sept., ae. 89, a Revolutionary pensioner. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR 1849. 

Charles Ewer, Esq., President. 
Lemuel Shattuck, Esq., Vice President. 
Samuel G. Drake, A. M., Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. Samuel H. Reddel, Recording Secretary. 
William H. Montague, Treasurer. 



DONATIONS TO THE SOCIETY. 

Since llie issue of our last number of the Register, (in October last,) many 
valuable manuscript communications have been received, all, or nearly all, 
suitable for the pages of the work; which when used, will be accompanied 
by the names of the contributors. The names of tho.^e who have contrib- 
uted printed works, <Scc, for the Library of the Society, are as follows : 

Frederick S. Pease, Esq., Albany, N. Y., 

Rev. William Hyde, Brookfield, 

Prop. Edward Nortii, Clinton, N. Y., 

Hon. Edward Everett, Cambridge, 

J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., Roxbury and Boston, 

Caleb Bates, Esq., Hingham, 

William H. Montague, Esq., Boston, 

E. G. Ware, 

Horatio Hammond, " 

William Allyne, " 

Col. Samuel Andrews, " 

William F. Stone, Esq., E. Cambridge, 

James Odiorne, Esq., Boston, 

James B. Thornton, Esq., Saco, Me., 

John Marsh, Esq., Quincy. 

Regular meetings of the Society, the first Wednesday in every month, 
during the winter at 7 in the evening; during the summer, 3i P. M. 
Kooms of the Society No. 8 Massachusetts Block, Court Square. 






^p 3 Valuable additional information has been received for the Breck 
genealogy, but it will for the present be deferred in the hope of receiving 
other facts in the early generations of it. 



g^T The present number has been delayed a few days in consequence of 
not receiving the portrait which accompanies it ; more time having been 
required to do it justice than the engraver at first anticipated. This our 
subscribers will cheerfully bear with, we doubt not, being assured that the 
artist has given a better finish to his work than he was under obligation to 
do. 



lg|f" Mr. Ward desires it to be understood that he has discontinued his 
list of Hingham Settlers, in consequence of information that a new edition 
of the history of that town is in preparation, and will embrace his design. 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AM) GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. in. \rui„ i- NO. [I. 

MEMOIR OF REV. BENJAMIN COLMAN, D. D. 

r»i.\.i.\Mi\ Colman, til*- second son of William and Elizabeth 
Colman, was born in Boston, Oct. 19, L673. His father, "who 
came from London not long before,"* was the son of Matthew and 
Grace Colman, of Batterly, near Beccles, in die Comity of Suffolk, 

and was baptized there Am;. 31, L643. 

The Bubjeol of this notice is said to have been %> <>i a lender con- 
stitution from his birth, and very backward in hi- speech and read- 
ing 'till he arrived to the age of fi rB, when at Once 1m 

forward in both, and entred young and small into the Grammar 

School under the tuition o[' the vei and learned Mr. Ezekie] 

Chccvcr/'f Although but seven years of age when he became 

• Perhaps he and his wife, Elisabeth, may be the ■ gives as 

Cooleman " and " Eliza Coleman," in A List of the Names of the I 



hoard the Ship Arabella, Richard Spragne M "■• a 1 i e ! Hay y 4 27th, 1671,* 1 

which is printed in the N< n England Historical and Genealogical Register, II 407. The 

first notice, with which we have as vet met, of William and Elizabeth Colman, in I 
is the record of the birth of their daughter Man D 1,1671. 

t It is not our intention, even had we the ability, to give, at this time. ■ biographical 
sketch of the renowned "Corderius Americanos,' 1 whose praises hai down to <>ur 

day. u He was born Cotton Mather, "in London, many via: the birth of 

New England. It was Jan. 25, 1014 [i. e. 1614-16.] He arrived into this country in 
June, 1687, with the rest of those good men. who Bought a peaceable secession in an Amer- 
ican wilderness, tor the pure, evangelical, and Instituted worship of our great Redeemer, to 
which he kept a strict adherence all his days. He then sojourned first, a little while, part 
of a year, at Boston ; BO that at Boston he both Commenced and concluded his American 
race." He accompanied Eaton to New Haven, and his name stands prominent among the 
one hundred and eleven who Bubsciibed the "Plantation Covenant," June 4, 1639. Here 
"he began the laborious work of a School-master,'' occasionally, too. officiating as a 
Preacher, and devoting some portion of his time to the public service. And here "he 
continued for twelve years,'' and then removed to Ipswich. Mass., where he taught the 
" Grammar School " from Dec. 30, 1660, to November, 1 660, and then removed to Charles- 
town, "where he labored nine years. From Chariestown he came over to Boston, Jan. 6, 
1670, [i. e 1670-1] where his labors continued ior ei.^ht and thirty years.'' as Master of the 
Public Grammar School. He died on Saturday morning, Aug. 21, (Dorchester Church 
Records say Aug. 23,) 1708, "after he had been a skilful, painful, faithful School-master 
for seventy years; and had the singular favor of Heaven, that, though he had usefully 



106 Memoir of [April, 

connected with "the Grammar School," "his sprightly genius and 
advances in learning were soon with pleasure observed by his Pre- 
ceptor," and "fired with a laudable ambition of excelling at his 
book, and a fear of being out-done, he always, by his industry at 
home, kept foremost, or equal to the best of the Form at school." 

Although he met with a severe loss in the death of his intimate 
companion and only rival, Prout, inasmuch as he was thereby left 
"without a spur to daily care and labor," yet still young Colman 
made such progress in his studies that he was qualified for admission 
to Harvard College in the year 1688. Remarkable for his serious 
deportment, even in childhood, "after his admission into College," 
says his biographer, " he grew in piety and learning, and in favor 
with God and man." He became a member of the Second Church 
in Boston, at that time under the pastoral care of Increase and Cot- 
ton Mather. As a student he disgraced not his former master, in 
whose praise it has been said, " it was noted, that when scholars 
came to be admitted into the College, they who came from the 
Cheeverian education were generally the most unexceptionable." 
Performing " all his exercises to good acceptance, many of them 
had the applauses of his learned Tutor, Mr. John Leverett.^ He 
was much animated to the study of the liberal sciences, and to 
make the utmost improvement in them, from the shining example 

spent his life among children, yet he was not become twice a child, but held his abilities, 
with his usefulness, in an unusual degree, to the very last. 

His work he lov'd : had we done the same ! 
Our play-days still to him ungrateful came. 
And yet, so well our work adjusted lay, 
We came to work as if we came to play. 

Our lads had been, but for his wond'rous cares, 

Boys of my Lady More's unquiet pray'rs. 

Sure, were it not for such informing schools, 

Our Lat'ran too would soon be fill'd with owls. 

; Tis CoileCs pains, and Cheever's, we must own, 

That thou, New-England, art not Scythia grown. 

The Isles of Silly had o'er run this day 

The Continent of our America." 

* Afterwards, for sixteen years, President of the Institution at which he was now per- 
forming the duties of a Tutor. He was the son of Hudson Leverett, grandson of Gov- 
ernor John Leverett, and great-grandson of Elder Thomas Leverett, and was born in Bos- 
ton, Aug. 25, 1662. Having received his early education at the Public Grammar School, 
mostly under the instruction of Ezekiel Cheever, he proceeded Bachelor of Arts at Har- 
vard College in 1680. and Master in due course, received the Degree of Bachelor of The- 
ology in 1692, and was a Tutor and Fellow of the Institution. He was chosen a member 
of the House of Representatives, and then Speaker of that body. He was a member of 
his Majesty's Council for the Province, and sustained the offices of a Justice of the Supe- 
rior Court, and Judge of Probate. Having been chosen to succeed Vice-President Willard 
as the head of the " School of the Prophets," he was inducted into office, Jan. 14, 1707-8, 
in which station he continued, " a pillar both of the Church and State, an honor and orna- 
ment to society, and the glory of New England," until his sudden death, May 3, 1724. He 
was one of the very few on this side of the Atlantic who have become Fellows of the Royal 
Society of England. 



1849.] R . B ' Imarij l>. h. 107 

ofthi llenl Pemberton,* who was a year before him in stand- 



ing." 



Receiving il. ee of Bachelor of Arts in 1692, Colrnan, "be- 

ing devoted to Ihe work of ihe evangelical ministry by his Parents, 
and Inclining to it from his childhood, 91 immediate! red upon 

the study of Divinity, and began to preach, "firsl privately and then 
publicly," the next year. Fi ral months he was engaged in 

preaching at IVfedford, where there was no settled Minister, and the 

inhabitants of the Town seem to have hen very desirous to have 

retained him as their Pastor. Bat, for some reason or other, Col- 
man did not Bee lit to accept their invitations to a settlement, and 
returned to Cambridge, where he remained, pursuing his studi< 
until he received his Second Degree, that of ' of Arts, in 

1<>!).~;|- on which occasion he pronounced the USUal Oration, 
"when," says his biographer, "his thin and .-lender appearance, his 
soft and delicate voice, and the red BpotS in his cheeks, caused the 

audience in general to conclude him bordering on a Consumpti 
and to he designed hut f«»r a few weeks oflifi 

About this time young Colraan was sent, at the expense of the 
Second Church in Boston, to Newport, EL h. t" preach <>ne Sab- 
bath. He succeeded in accomplishing the object <>f his mi — ion, 
notwithstanding the manoeuvres of some of ihe inhabitants, and v. 
much praised, on his return to Boston, h>r the prudence which he 

had displayed on this occasion. 

* Ehcnezer Pemberton, the ion of .Ta- n. one of the founders of tho < M<1 

Sou i!i Church, was baptized Feb. 1 1 . 1 67 J . graduated ;it Harvard College in 1691 . w 
lie was afterwards a Tutor: wai ordained colleague with Rev. Samuel ^ ^ * 1 1 1 . r of 

the old South, Aug. 28, 1700; preached hit u. 20, 1716-17; died I 

1 7ii'»-l7, and was bui led, <>n the i Bth of the same month. " betw< i a 4 and .">. in Mr. Wil- 
lard's tomb." "Hewu," says a cotemporary, "of extensive learnii 

preacher of raised thoughts, and a masculin f flaming seal in the cause of God and 

religion, violent in his - ns, and i - you would wish for out of them, a good 

Christian, and a faithful pastor.'' Colman, in one and the same d paid a d 

tribute to the memory of nil old friend, as well as to that of Rev. William Brattle, of Cam- 
bridge, who died two days after Pemberton, Feb. 15, 1716-17 
as a man. a scholar, and a Divine." 

t We have been unable to Bnd the "Order of Performances'' for this Commencement, 
but here give a copy of tho 

11 Qrj ssi 'louse Qmoj pro woduh Discuti issimo Viro. I). Ckf^ i:s- 

tio Mathero. Academise II vkwudinw., qua est Cahi m.kk.i.i. Nov-Anglorum, Prase- 
bidh Literatissirao; Die Comitiorum Proponunt Inceptores in Artists. Du Tertio 
QumtUU [i. e. July 3.] MDCXCV. 

An Detur in non-Rcna!is Libcrutn Arbifrium ad toman Spirituale ? 
Ne^at Respondens Benjamin Colman. 

An Sola Fides, quatcnus apprehendit Christi Merita, et Ill's innitilur, Justificet? 
Atlinnat Respondens Ep.enezer White. 

An Gentes ex Natura> Luminc Salu'em possint Conscqui.' 
Negat Respondens Johannes Mors. 

An Pontifex Romanics sit Illc Anlichristus, Qucm futurum Scrijdura pradixit ? 
Affirmat Respondens Caleb Gushing." 



108 Memoir of [April, 

" Having a strong desire to see England, and make improvement 
by what he could see and learn there," Colman, in less than three 
weeks after he had proceeded Master of Arts, embarked for Lon- 
don, in the Ship Swan, Captain Thomas Gilbert, Master. A war 
at this time raged between England and France ; and before they 
had been two months at sea, the Swan was chased by a French 
Privateer, of superior force, and after a shot conflict, during which 
she was reduced to a wreck, was obliged to surrender. When the 
boats of the enemy approached the captured vessel, Colman had in 
his hands a piece of gold, of the value of nineteen pounds. This 
was seen by " an ingenious French Gentlewoman," named Madam 
Allaire, who, with her four children, to whom Colman had endeared 
himself during the voyage, was on her way to join her husband at 
London. She requested him " to let her save it for him," to which 
he consented. The prisoners being transferred to the deck of the 
Privateer, were there stripped of everything, even to their last gar- 
ment, and were then covered with a few rags, and thrust into the 
hold. Arrived at Nantz, they were there committed to prison. Here 
Madam Allaire^ sent to Colman his gold, and his first care, upon 
the receipt thereof, was to clothe himself "from head to foot," at an 
expense of about three pounds and ten shillings. After various ad- 
ventures Colman was at length set at liberty, and succeeded in 
reaching Portsmouth, with but a few shillings in his pocket, of 
which he was soon relieved by " a young spark from New York," 
whom he imprudently assisted with money, on a promise of being 
repaid by " a rich uncle he had, half way to London." But upon 
arriving at the house of this " rich uncle," " no credit would he give 
to this his nephew; he knew him too well, he said;" and notwith- 
standing Column's representations that he had " saved him from 
the expences of Portsmouth," he was obliged lo remain satisfied 
with a night's lodging, a loan of twenty shillings, and a horse and 
guide to London the next morning. 

Arrived in London without money, without friends, and having 
lost all his letters of introduction, his first night in the vast metrop- 

* " May 12, 1734, this Gentlewoman paid a visit to Boston, from St. Christopher's, and 
was received by Mr. Colman with a surprising joy, after so melancholy a parting thirty- 
eight years before; and after mutual expressions of the most sincere joy, she gave him a 
large and particular account of her sufferings in France, and deliverance from them, after 
a wonderful trial of constancy and experience of Divine support and assistance in times 
of need, till she arrived safely in Holland, which Mr. Colman penned down, and left 
among his papers; — a most entertaining history." Colman continued to correspond with 
his former benefactress until his death ; after which there was found in his Study a letter 
from her, dated at London, May, 1747, "wrote with her own hand, in the French tongue," 
though she was then upwards of eighty years of age. 



1849.] E /; i D. /> 109 

olifl could not have been otherwise lhati, aft hie biographer tells as, 
M mel incholy" u Willi difficulty he round ou1 the house of 

nl Minister, bat he coald not be Been; i1 dark, and be 

pr tyed M idam to dired him to mighl 

lodge that night.' 1 The next morning he ! in finding Mr. 

Ives, apon whom hia brother, John Colman,* M a yonng man and 

[inning the world," ha I n him a bill of exchange for ihi 
pounds Sterling; and by him ws I. Mrs. 1 found 

1,'iin good lodgings, and also a nurse to attend him daring a d 
geroua fever, with which In* was soon visited. M Hr. M< 
ited him, and ( lod healed hii - bis I pher. Th< : ' 

Mr. Quick, of London, " a very affectionate gentleman, 11 with wh< 
he had become acquainted, visited him frequently during his tllm 
•• Before he gol abroad he was surprised with an invitation fr< 
Mr. and Madam Parkhuret, in Cheapside, to accept of half a ; 
board at their hou This happy lodgii one of the n 

known and frequented booksellers among the Dissenters, brought 
him soon into an acquaintance with the City Minist< rs, which v. 
a singular advantage and pleasui 

u The family attended the mini (reverend and lean 

Mr. How,f and Mr. Colman with them.' 1 This circumstance in- 
troduced Col man to Mr. Flow's pulpit; where his perfi 

satisfactory, thai Mr. Bow pr I to hin i over I i Rotter- 

dam, in Holland, at the expense of his Church, I candi- 

date for the situation of colleague with M the n Land 

learned Mr. Joseph Hill, "J whose kinsman and former assistant in 
the ministry, the Rev. Mr, Spademan, had recently received and 
accepted an invitation from Mr. How'- Church to be his lant 

and successor in the pastoral office. Colman expressed his satis- 
faction with the oiler, and accepted Mr. How's invitation: but Mr. 

Hill himself calling upon him not Long after, and expressing his 
great unwillingness to part with Mr. Spademan, and his sense of 
injury at Mr. How's proceedings, Colman promised not to goto 

Rotterdam without his consent. This delicate consideration for 
Mr. Hill's feelings, although it gave offence to Mr. How. and caused 

* Colman'i elder brother, born, doubtless, in England, as we find no record of his birth 
in Boston. 

t Probably Rev. John Howe, a Nonconformist Divine, born at Loughborough, in the 
County of Leicester, in L63Q. He was ejected from his ministry at Torrington, Devon- 
shire, in 1662. He subsequently settled in London, where he died in 17( 5 

t Also one of the " Ejected Ministers." He was born at Leeds, in 1624, and educated at 
St John's College, Cambridge, and Magdalen, of which he became ■ fellow. Going over 
to Holland at the Restoration, he was. in 1667, Pastor of the English Church at Middle- 
burg, and at last settled at Rotterdam, where he died in 1707. 



110 Memoir of [April, 

a temporary coolness on his part towards the young Bostonian, es- 
tablished Colman's reputation for integrity and high moral principle. 
Scenes of new and varied interest were now continually opening 
to Colman. He heard Dr. Bates^ make one of his finest speeches 
to King William, at Kensington, upon the discovery of the Assas- 
sination Plot. Being invited to preach for Rev. Daniel Williams,! 
who had gone to Bath, "for the benefit of the waters," he thereby 
became acquainted with his colleague, Dr. Calamy,J who expressed 
his wish that they might " spend their lives in one Church." At 
Whitehall he conversed with Dr. Bray.§ He enjoyed the privilege 
of listening to the conference between How, Bates, Williams, 
Mather,|| and others, for the reconciliation of the Congregationalists 
and Presbyterians, and after the meeting had the pleasure of dining 
with these gentlemen. He saw Dr. Annesley,^[ now drawing 
toward the end of his mortal pilgrimage; and also Mr. Beverly, "a 
good man," who " had, in print, fixed on the year 1697 for the ac- 
complishment of all the great Expectanda^ the fall of Antichrist, 
&c," and who, " when his year came, and produced nothing extra- 
ordinary, did, in the most humble and public manner, confess his 
error and presumption, asking pardon of God and his people." Sir 
Henry Ashurst, at this time Agent for the New England Colonies, 
took him to his country-seat, near Oxford. Here he became ac- 
quainted with Dr. Hall, Bishop of Bristol, " a venerable, humble, 
grave, Divine"; Dr. Hough,^ Bishop of Oxford, and Master of 

* Rev. William Bates, D. D., another Ejected Minister, was educated at Emanuel and 
King's Colleges, Cambridge. He died at Hackney, Middlesex County, where he had spent 
the last years of his life, in the year 1699, aged 73. 

t Afterwards Dr. Williams; a native of Wrexham, in Denbighshire. He was created 
D. D., by the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh, in 1709, and died Jan 26, 1716, 
aged 72. 

\ Edmund Calamy, the distinguished author of the History of the Ejected Ministers. 
He was born April 5, 1671, and, after a life of honorable usefulness, died June 3, 1732. 

§ Rev. Thomas Bray, D. D., the best part of whose life was spent as a Commissary for 
settling the affairs of the Church in the American Colonies; in several parts of which he 
established Libraries for the information and improvement of the missionaries employed 
in preaching the Gospel. In this work he sacrificed his whole fortune; and it is to 'his 
exertions that many of the Societies established in London for the propagation of the Gos- 
pel, and the advancement of religious culture, owe their existence. He died Feb. 15, 1730, 
aged 73. 

|| Rev. Nathaniel Mather, the son of our Richard Mather, (born March 20, 1630,) was at 
this time Pastor of a Congregational Church in London, where he died July 26, 1697, aged 
67. A Latin inscription upon his tombstone, in the burying-ground near Bunhill Fields, 
from the pen of Dr. Watts, commemorates his genius, learning, piety, and ministerial 
fidelity. 

1 Rev. Samuel Annesley, LL. D., an Ejected Minister. He died Dec. 31, 1696, aged 
77. 

** John Hough, celebrated for his opposition, when President of Magdalen College, 
Oxford, to the arbitrary proceedings of James II. He was born in 1650; and having 
held, successively, the Sees of Oxford, Lichfield, and Worcester, and having once declined, 
through modesty, the Primacy, which was offered to him at the death of Tenison, he died 
March 8, 1743, in his 93d year. 



/,' B I /' b. Ill 

M in <lre«8 

and D G * B 

wh I ind 

what • 

! . 

. iti in: 

ind v. ; 

n<l 

! . 
1 of 1v. 

I ' Town of 1 

in Suffolk," u h< re he I ' 

quaint ' Mr. ] D lham, wh< 

I I 

ihl ;r V 
this lii 

had been 

and left him l>nt inn 

I ! ' 

ed him I I the R I I 

iiit of the annual i M he ben- 

efit of the mineral . I ! 

rup in Engl ind, ont tl 

be i nd « 1 tiaaesl- 

ing inti resl ihei I . 

don." lb, then, i ind there 

found 
there. l» re he had li 

[uainted with i - i ion in I . n he I 

done by living there tv. 

It was at this time that he Elixa- 

II. born • S 
Christ- Char 

the Christian religion. tal7llhewn« 17M wa< raised 

to the See of Chest< r. II ' . raL 

v. William Burkitt. ) 

bridge; and, flittat Cnrateoi Mild i - bam,ta 

i to h;w 

friendly ami charitable demeanor." 



112 Memoir of [April, 

beth Singer, the daughter of Mr. Walter Singer, of Agford, near 
Frome, then celebrated under the name of " Philomela," and after- 
wards as Mrs. Rowe fk and the acquaintance soon ripened into the 
closest intimacy. Indeed, Mr. Singer seems to have wished and 
expected a still nearer relation than that of elevated friendship and 
esteem, between his daughter and the young Dissenter.f 

But Colman's visit in England was now drawing to a close. 
The comparative liberality and moderation in religious views which 
had succeeded the accession of William and Mary to the throne of 
England, when Nonconformity was partially rescued from the op- 
probrium which had so long attached to it, had extended itself to 
New England, to Massachusetts, the head-quarters of Puritanism, 
the strong-hold of " the good old Scriptural ways." A few enlight- 
ened men in Boston and its vicinity, men distinguished alike for 
learning and piety, determined to establish a Church, constituted on 
principles deviating from those set forth in the " Platform of Church 
Discipline," and more in accordance with their own enlarged and 
catholic views. By a deed dated Jan. 10, 1698, " in consideration of 
the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds," and " for other good causes 
and considerations thereunto moving" him, Thomas Brattle J con- 

* This Lady was born at Ilchcster, Sept. 11, 1674, and early in life displayed a poetical 
genius. Universally respected and esteemed for her talents and virtues, she had many 
suitors, among them the poet Prior. In 1710 she gave her hand to Mr. Thomas Rowe, a 
gentleman of literary attainments, with whom she lived happily until his death, which oc- 
curred, after a lingering illness, in May, 1715. After the death of her husband Mrs. Rowe 
lived in retirement, at Frome, devoting herself to literary pursuits. She ever carried on a 
correspondence with Mr. Colman. Her death took place on the 20th of February, 1736-7. 
Colman thus records her character. " She was an Heavenly maid, of sublime devotion 
and piety, as well as ingenuity and wit ; her wisdom and discretion outshone her knowl- 
edge. She was a poet, a philosopher, and a Divine ; and. above all, a most devout wor- 
shipper of God, in secret and in public. Music, poetry, and painting were her three beau- 
ties and delights. She used her pencil almost as well as her pen. She never was idle, 
but either her needle or her pencil was going in all conversations ; and what she drew she 
gave to the company.*' 1 

t Upon his first visit to Mr. Singer, in company with Rev. Timothy Rogers, after the 
beauties of the surrounding grounds and the favorite bower and walks of his daughter had 
been pointed out by the fond and doting father, Colman was requested by Mr. Rogers "to 
make a compliment on the place 1 '; and Mr. Singer joining in the request, he penned the 
following lines. 

" So Paradise was bright'ned, so 'twas blest, 
"When Innocence and Beauty it possest. 
Such was it's more retired path and seat, 
For Eve and musing Angels a retreat. 
Such Eden's streams, and banks, and towering groves ; 
Such Eve herself, and such her muse and loves. 
Only there wants an Adam on the green, 
Or else all Paradise might here be seen." 

\ An opulent merchant, brother to Rev. William Brattle, of Cambridge. He was born 
Sept. 5, 1657, graduated, with two others, at Harvard College in 1676, and was Treasurer 
of that Institution from 1688 till his death, May 18, 1713. He was distinguished among 
his cotemporaries for his intellectual powers and scientific attainments ; " a great orna- 
ment," writes Judge Sewall, " to our College, on account of his eminent learning, espec- 
ially in the mathematics." 



1849.] '. i [> //. 

in ' II] I 

'A in 

tin- aulamn i i 

I.N 1 1 

I 

i '• 

i 
I I 

I 

■ 
chosen hi 

l R 

I r . 

Mr. Joho L : I • V- H 

i o n B i I I 

I I 
And i. 

I 

. 
I y . I am h ( 
ihej I 

i | will. I 
li ivc a v. i ighl in I ] 

\ i 

\ ■ 

and 

I I 

■ 
A i ■ inn; - : as 

- in- 
i" a 
man who i 

lively imagination, bat l to 

■ h in pie pulpil some 
Snl literary cbiU 



114 Memoir of [April, 

offered to you is great, and of great moment ; I pray Almighty God 
to be your director in it." 

" This waits on you with my desires and hopes" writes Brattle,^ 
" that your circumstances will allow you to entertain and accept the 
invitation. The good respect the Boston Ministers have for you 
(as well as others) should, methinks, encourage your embracing 
the motion now made to you. As for my own part, I shall account 
it a smile from Heaven upon the good design of these Gentlemen, 
if you can send them an answer of peace, and would hope that 
your so doing will result to your mutual rejoicing. May God di- 
rect you in the matler!" 

" With this you will receive a kind invitation," thus writes the 
ardent Pemberton, " to return to your own country, which you can- 
not but have a great tenderness for, and your affection will, I trust, 
constrain you to comply, and hope it will not be to your disadvan- 
tage. The Gentlemen who solicit your return are mostly known 
to you, men of repute and figure, from whom you may expect gen- 
erous treatment; and among them I doubt not but you maybe 
peculiarly serviceable to the Lord Jesus Christ, which is the highest 
of your ambition. I believe your return will be pleasing to all that 
know you ; I am sure it will be inexpressibly so to your unfeigned 
friend and servant." 

His friends, apprehending difficulty in obtaining ordination for 
him at home, in consequence of the prevailing prejudices against the 
new Church among the Clergy, had advised Colman to u ask ordi- 
nation at London." Accordingly, having taken leave of his people 
at Bath, by heading a subscription " to pay a debt of fifty pounds, 
which they yet owed for their Meeting-house," he repaired to Lon- 
don, where, " being arrived," to use his own language, " August 1, 
1699, I asked ordination of the Presbytery there, and on the 4th 
day of said month the solemnity was attended, after a Public Lec- 
ture, at the Meeting-house of the Rev. Mr. Christopher Taylor, to 
whom I succeeded at Bath. I was ordained by prayer, with the 
imposition of the hands of the Rev. Richard Stratton,f John Spade- 

* William Brattle, the son of Thomas Brattle, was born in Boston, in 1662, and gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1680, was a Tutor and Fellow of that Institution, and its 
Treasurer from 1713 to 1715. He and his classmate Leverett were honored with the De- 
grees of Bachelor in Theology at the Commencement in 1692, at which time Increase 
Mather, also, received the Degree of Doctor in Divinity, this being the first instance of 
either Degree being conferred by the Corporation of Harvard College. Brattle was or- 
dained pastor of the Church at Cambridge, as successor to Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, Nov. 

>, 1696, and died, after a ministry of twenty years, Feb. 15, 1717. 

t " An aged and eminent Pastor in the City, much reverenced and honored for his 
earning, gravity, piety, and wisdom." 



:i.* Rolx n Pit mil 
Mr. 9 
VIr. .' 11 CJ 

i 

: wa- 
in London i • ihc 

Mr. I' 

i VI. 

to hi 

ex i in ihe pii 1 1 

bark< J ii I 

! I 
I he J 

i 

l!i« •! :ii" i: I 

i 

1 I. 

I wit 1)8! 

Unilerl I i 

:i in j'U 

1 nd Publi W 

to inn. 

Churches, w in. ' I to ihe u F 

it i, 

Icn and 
\ ,-r.T'lain to 1 ^ 

Chun h - • 

land " 

Dr. Daniel V 

Timoth; 



116 Memoir of [April, 

to make a formal exposition of their views " to all the world," in a 
paper entitled " A Manifesto or Declaration, set forth by the Under- 
takers of the New Church now erected in Boston in New England, 
Nov. 17th, 1699." In this instrument, while they declare that they 
" approve and subscribe the Confession of Faith put forth by the 
Assembly of Divines at Westminster"; that they "design only the 
true and pure worship of God, according to the rules appearing 
plainly in his word"; they say that they "judge it, therefore, most 
suitable and convenient that, in Public Worship, some part of the 
Holy Scripture be read by the Minister, at his discretion." They 
declare, moreover, that it is their M sincere desire and intention to 
hold communion with the Churches here, as true Churches, and 
openly protest against all suspicion and jealousy to the contrary, as 
most injurious to" them; "and although," say they, "in some cir- 
cumstances we may vary from many of them, yet we jointly profess 
to maintain such order and rules of discipline as may preserve, as 
far as in us lies, evangelical purity and holiness in our communion. 
In pursuance whereof we further declare, that we allow of baptism 
to those only who profess their faith in Christ and obedience to him, 
and to the children of such ; yet we dare not refuse it to any child 
offered to us by any professed Christian, upon his engagement to 
see it educated, if God give life and ability, in the Christian reli- 
gion. But this being a ministerial act, we think it the Pastor's 
province to receive such professions and engagements. We judge 
it, therefore, fitting and expedient, that whoever would be admitted 
to partake with us in the Holy Sacrament be accountable to the 
Pastor, to whom it belongs to inquire into their knowledge and 
spiritual state, and to require the renewal of their baptismal cove- 
nant. But we assume not to ourselves," they continue, "to impose 
upon any a public relation of their experiences; however, if any 
one think himself bound in conscience to make such a relation, let 
him do it. For we conceive it sufficient if the Pastor publicly de- 
clare himself satisfied in the person offered to our communion, and 
seasonably propound him. Finally, we cannot confine the right of 
choosing a Minister to the communicants alone ; but we think that 
every baptized adult person, who contributes to the maintenance, 
should have a vote in electing." In conclusion, " these are the prin- 
ciples we profess, and the rules we purpose, through the grace of 
God, to govern ourselves by ; and in some of these particulars, only, 
and in no other, do we see cause to depart from what is ordinarily 



1849.] I: B i D. D. 117 

'1 and | ihe ( - • ( hriat here in \ 

1 land/' 
\ ^withstanding ihe j »irit which 

m," and Ibe ool nd tolerati< d 

oi u bich it ii in avowal, ind waa, l>v 

no me : it did n • the prejudic 

\ ho w« re i tin lo imagine th it ihe u 

I ' inism, nor o( lh< ■-•• v. ho, on Ibe other bai 

apprehended it t<> be Utile better iban Epic . ; the Church \\ 

in conl called " M I \ " ; ai 

matized by ihe Math* re and I Ihcrenl 

ipany of I 
the ( !hurche ." 
ami slander/ 1 who had published, ■ r ibe li 

•i articles th erly sul rt the < 
with li< ."' and im •• an ill party, ihroogh all lh< 

tlnow all into confusion on ihe I 

R :;.; • the frou as ol iheir opponents, ai 

doubts of the wavering, the i pursued (heir i 

ii- of ihe purity of Iheir in 
smiles of I H • ine Pre a id< ir Sindertakinj 

Tuesday, Ibe 1 2th of D ■ r. at a p ing, fou 

thren,* M aft( i calling npon G nt 

and menl (o walk logethei I . >rd 

Jesus ( Jhrist" < >n ihe 20th of tl Proj 

(1 M that the Psalms in oui Public Woi »bi| 
reading line by lim ." 

On ihe 24th ol D I For Public Worship, 

the first lime, iheir "pleasant new* built 1 ; * > 1 1 - « *.** when Mr. C 
preached from 2 Chron. vi. 18, But will I y deed dwell 

with men an i 'h ? B< hold^ II 

mot contain th* e; how much lesi / 7/ 

'I omit on purpose, 91 he wri ider ibis date, u the different 

ind troubles we had with any neighl oi 

only am obliged to leave this acknowledgment o( our great obliga- 
tion to the Hon. William Btoughton, Esq.,j Lieutenant-Governor 

• Thomas Brattle, Thomas Clark, Tl r,Bei i nWalker,B Davia, 

William Keen, Richard Draper, William h ' • i'h 
alien, John Kilby, of the u Undertakera," with J 

t This eminent man was the son of Col. Israel B s familiar to 

nany, as the Commander-in-chief of the Colonial forces in the Pcqnol War,and after- 

vanis a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Parliai Army, in England. He was born in 

Dorchester in 1031 ; graduated at Harvard College in 1650; and after pursuing his The* 



118 Memoir of [April, 

of the Province, the Rev. Mr. William Brattle, of Cambridge, the 
Rev. Mr. Clark,^ of Chelmsford, and Mr. Danforth ,f of Dorchester, 
for their good and kind endeavors for our peaceable settlement." 

Meanwhile, although firmly resolved to adhere to the principles 
and rules laid down in their " Manifesto," the Pastor and brethren 

logical studies in this country, went to England, and enjoyed a Fellowship at New Col- 
lege, Oxford, where he also received the Degree of Master of Arts. During his stay in 
England, he preached with great acceptance in the County of Sussex ; but being among 
those who were ejected from their livings after the Restoration, he returned to New Eng- 
land, and here acquired a high reputation as a preacher; and Ins Sermon at the Annual 
Election, April 29, 1668, was pronounced by a cotemporary to be "among the very best 
delivered on that occasion." Declining all invitations to a settlement as Pastor of any 
Church, he turned his attention to public affairs, and was, in 1671, chosen an Assistant, 
which office he held, by annual reelection, until the dissolution of the government in 1686. 
On the 30th of October, 1676, he, with Peter Bulklcy, sailed for England, in obedience to 
the requisitions of King Charles, to answer the numerous complaints against the Colony. 
The agents, after a tedious attendance in England, arrived at Boston again, Dec. 23, 1679. 
Next followed, in 1685, the revocation of the Charter. On the 12th of May, 1686, Stough- 
ton was elected Governor, but, inasmuch as Dudley was " left out, from complaisance to 
him, refused to serve." Three days after arrived a Commission from King James, ap- 
pointing Dudley President, and Stoughton Deputy-President, of the Colony. On the 
26th of July, Stoughton was placed at the head of the Courts in the Colony, an office 
which he held until the arrival of Andros, Dec. 20, 1686, when he became a member of 
Sir Edmund's Council, and one of the Justices of the Superior Court, Dudley being Chief- 
Justice. His name stands at the head of those who, on the 18th of April, 1689, requested 
Andros to " forthwith deliver up the government and fortifications," in order to prevent the 
effusion of blood ; and he was one of the self-constituted " Council of Safety," which as- 
sumed the government until the people should have an opportunity of acting on the sub- 
ject. But he was admitted to no participation in the subsequent administration, until the 
arrival of the Charter of William and Mary, in May, 1692, under which he was appointed 
Lieutenant-Governor, an office which he sustained until his death. He was appointed by 
the Council, Dec. 22, 1692, Chief- Justice of the Superior Court, and this office, also, was 
held by him until just before his death, which occurred on the 7th of July, 1701, at Dor- 
chester, where he was buried on the 15th of the month, "with great honor and solemnity, 
and with him much of New England's glory"; and where a monumental inscription per- 
petuates the remembrance of his public services and his private virtues. He was " a per- 
son of eminent qualifications, honorable extract, liberal education, and singular piety"; 
but his fair fame is obscured by his criminal participation in the melancholy witchcraft 
delusion, he being the Chief-Justice of the special tribunal constituted for the trial of the 
unhappy victims of popular infatuation. His name, however, will long be held in affec- 
tionate remembrance as a generous and liberal benefactor of Harvard College. 

* Rev. Thomas Clarke, son of Elder Jonas Clarke, of Cambridge, by his second wife, 
Elizabeth, whom he married July 30, 1650, was born March 2, 1653, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1670, was ordained Minister of the First Church in Chelmsford, as successor to 
Rev. John Fiske, in 1678, and died Dec. 7, 1704. His death is thus noticed by Chief-Justice 
Sewall. "1704. Dec. 7th. Mr. Clark of Chelmsford dies of a Fever; was taken very 
suddenly the Friday before, after he had been at a Funeral: buried the 11th." The Dor- 
chester Church Records contain the following, under date of Dec. 10, 1704: — " Rev. Mr. 
Thomas Clarke's death, of Chelmsford, lamented in a Sermon on Acts xx. 25, &c."; and 
a cotemporary writes of him that he was * a great loss to all our towns, and especially to 
our frontiers on that side of the country, who are greatly weakened with the loss of such a 
worthy man." 

t Rev. John Danforth, son of Rev. Samuel Danforth, of Roxbury, was born Nov. 8, (or 
5,) 1660, graduated at Harvard College in 1677, and was afterwards a Fellow of that In- 
stitution, was ordained Pastor of the First Church in Dorchester, as successor to Rev. Jo- 
siah Flint, June 28, 1682, and continued in the ministry till his death, May 26, 1730. In 
Blake's Annals is the following notice of him. "He was said to be a man of great learn- 
ing ; he understood the Mathematics beyond most men of his function. He was exceeding 
charitable, and of a very peaceful temper. He took much pains to eternize the names of 
many of the good Christians of his own flock; and yet the world is so ungrateful that he 
has not a line written to preserve his memory, no, not so much as upon his tomb, he be- 
ing buried in Lt. Govr. Stoughton's tomb, that was covered with writing before ; and there, 
also, lyeth his Consort, Mrs. Elizabeth Danforth." 



l - ; /; B i D. i>. 1 1 

' lharcfa " ■ ir 

to conciliate the r < 'hurchi 

ng lh( 1 coin. 

9 1 t of tli- -nth. win 

and |»r i;. or u for pab 
i and I T 

the Mathei turned 

; an action b 

which. b< 

; yoa 

■ 
v hich i<»<"! the Mathi i 

as the . 
niivh." [l 
■ . ■ - 

bashed. Lt 

Chief-J M W 

• to 

■< 
I 

•r, in thi 

ch il ruler " IK' 

■ 
i c him tl 

I 

I 

L 

different e human mi- 

minenl i 

ft I Samuel \ ' 

in military 

Jan. 31, 164 
How of the Institution 1 1 fait 13, I 

where he continued until the breakii 

| by the Indians, in March, 1 67C when be i ^pril, 

was sett! 
South Church, [n 17 i < >n 

1 .ili of September, 1701, Mr. W of Har- 

vard College r, with the title o( - nt, still 

retaining his connection with his Church in Boston. He i ontmi ■ itain this two-fold 

relation, with popularity and | . _-. M, 17o7. ■• c as 



120 . Memoir of [April, 

and Danforth, to pour oil upon the troubled waters, to effect a rec- 
onciliation which they all so much desired. Chief-Justice Sewall 
has left us a record of the steps which were taken to accomplish the 
desired object. 

head of the College, as appears from the following entry in the Diary of Chief-Justice 
Sewall. "Monday, Aug. 11, 1707. Mr. Willard goes to Cambridge to expound, but 
finds few scholars come together, and, moreover, was bimself taken ill there, which obliged 
him to come from thence before Prayer-time. Tuesday, August 12, between 6 and 7, I 
visited Mr. Willard, to see how his journey and labor at the College had agreed with him, 
and he surprised me with the above account; told me of a great pain in his head and sick- 
ness at his stomach, and that he believed he was near his end. I mentioned the business 
of the College. He desired me to do his message by word of mouth, which I did Thurs- 
day following, to the Governor and Council. Quickly after I left Mr. Willard, he fell very 
sick, and had three sore convulsion fits, to our great sorrow and amazement. Thursday, 
Aug. 14. When the Governor enquired after Mr. Willard, I acquainted the Governor and 
Council that Mr. Willard was not capable of doing the College work another year ; he 
thanked them for their acceptance of his service, and reward. Governor and Council or- 
dered Mr. Winthrop and Brown to visit the Revd. Mr. Willard, and thank him for his 
good service the six years past. Sent down for concurrence, and Deputies to name per- 
sons to join in their thanks and condolence. Deputies concur, and nominate the Revd. 
Mr. Xehcmiah Hobart to officiate in the mean time, till October next. This the Governor 
and Council did not accept, and so nothing was done." 

"Sept. 12. Mehetabel Thurston tells me Mr. Willard was taken very sick. I hoped it 
might go off, and went to dinner. When I came there Mr. lYmberton was at prayer, near 
concluding. A pretty many in the chamber. After prayer many went out. I staid and sat 
down ; and, in a few minutes, saw my dear Pastor expire. It was a little after 2. just about 
two hours from his being taken. There was a doleful cry in the house." Rev. Dr. Joseph 
Sewall's Diary furnishes the following additional particulars. "1707, Sept. 12. The Rev. 
Mr. Willard, after he had cut his finger, while eating oysters, went up to his study, called 
his wife, thanked her for her kindness, prayed God to bless them all; then fell into a con- 
vulsion, about noon, which, in two hours time (plus minus) despatched him, to the great 
grief and sorrow of all good men." — " Sept. 15. Mr. Willard is buried. The members of 
the College, the Corporation, &c, go before the corpse. We all have gloves. A vast body 
of spectators. He is laid in our tomb." Mr. Willard was, in disposition, quiet, unpretend- 
ing, and retiring. ' ; lie is well furnished with learning," says Dunton, in his account of his 
visit to Boston, "has a natural fluency of speech, and can say what he pleases." Says Dr. 
Barnard, in his " Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New England, " he was an hard student, 
of great learning for that day, of a clear head, solid judgment, excellent both in preaching 
and in prayer, an exemplary Christian, pleasant in conversation, whose works praise him." 
In the words of the historian of the Old South Church, "his powers of mind were of a su- 
perior order. He had a copious fancy, and a quick and accurate perception; and in argu- 
ment was profound and clear. His piety was consistent, devoted, self-denying, and confid- 
ing. His learning was extensive and solid, especially in Theology, which was l;is favorite 
study, and for his proficiency in which he was greatly celebrated. ' His style was masculine, 
not perplexed, but easy as well as strong.' His delivery was characterised by ' gravity, cour- 
age, zeal, and prudence ; and, when the matter required it, no man could speak with greater 
pathos and pungency. He knew how to be a son of thunder to the secure and hardened, and 
a son of consolation to the contrite and broken in spirit.' As a Pastor he was distinguished 
for ' prudence, faithfulness, and impartiality. All his talents and acquisitions were consecrat- 
ed' to the service of Christ, and over the whole, it is said, was shed the lustre of a ' remark- 
able and unaffected modesty,' and a 'spirit truly pacific.'" The position which Willard 
maintained throughout the witchcraft delusion is, in the highest degree, honorable to his 
heart and mind ; and Thomas Brattle, the uncompromising denouncer of the prominent 
men and measures of the time, bears ample testimony to his prudence, firmness, and cour- 
age; " whose good affection to his country, in general," says he, in his "Full and Candid 
Account of the Delusion called Witchcraft," printed in Mass. Hist. Coll. V., "and spiritual 
relation to three of the Judges, [Stoughton, the Chief Justice, and Samuel Sewall and 
Wait Still Winthrop, two of the Associate Justices, of the special tribunal, were members 
of Willard's church] in particular, has made him very solicitous and industrious in thi3 
matter; and I am fully persuaded that, had his notions and proposals been hearkened to 
and followed, when these troubles were in their birth, in an ordinary way, they would never 
have grown unto that height which now they have. He has, as yet, met with little but 
unkindness, abuse, and reproach from many men; [according to Robert Calef, on a cer- 
tain occasion "one of the accusers cried out publicly of Mr. Willard, as afflicting of her"'!] 



I I! /': h. h. [2] 

•• 1699 L700. .1 24. 11. 

Ihu ,th him, to .Mr. \V 

Mr. William Ur utle drew op 

1<> bring «'/i ;m : . \ i . V 

1 Mi- I- M Mr. M ll I r. M \\ Mr. 

W [ 8. 8. wait 1 . 

H : 

< »:. \\ 

ed d ihc M 

pellcd bo ! u 101I11 r th**ir n irt in ihe 

• 

lo \\ lioin we un ind for a record ( — 

•• L700, .1 in. 31. F \ I 

• L '/. M: . ' k>lman M r. Ulen 

Mi. ( Jolra in pi 

P. M Mr . \\ ... .r I J '; . I. M 

Ion Mathi r B 

lie Bel rune. Mr. M 

• I illow J 

Irine, — 1 I •' 

XII. 11. Mr. ( '.-lmaii' '. [ Lie 

I 
1 

I 

Del ^ ! at 

1 
be wt 
continued um 

I 

rather gi 

ermons n iih 1 arc be i 
spicnous and solemn ; ns a 
and exact in his chmril 
his predecessor, 1 u wreU in dignity 

ol talent, he was, neterth* 

six yeari of age when he ■ •■til 

•i to fail soon after b< 

ince, ander all th<* disi 

mark 1 bj ftrmn tss, prn I Faithful I Kind to .. 

culm, cant .»us. moderate, self possessed, and a:- bifl 

own, end appreciated highly by after, tit 



122 Will of Brian Pendleton. [April, 

that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the bles- 
sing of the Gospel of Christ.' 

[Principal Ministers, " many Scholars," the Lieutenant-Governor, 
and Council, present.] 

Mr. Willard prayed God to pardon all the frailties and follies of 
Ministers and people ; and that they might give that respect to the 
other Churches due to them, though not just of their constitution. 

Mr. Mather in his Sermon, and Mr. Cotton in his prayer, to the 
same purpose. Mr. Willard and C. Mather prayed excellently and 
pathetically for Mr. Colman and his flock. 'Twas a close, dark 

day." 

[To be continued.] 



WILL OF BRIAN PENDLETON. 

[For the copy of this most interesting document avc are indebted to Lieut. A. W. 
Whipple, of Washington, D. C.J 

Portsm . 9 th August I Brian Pendleton sometime of Saco in y e County 

1677. of York, now resident in Portsm . on Pascataq. 

River in N. E. doe make & ordain this to be my 

last Will & Testament hereby revokeing all former wills by mee made. 

1°. I give to my beloved wife Eleano r Pendleton (besides w\ I have re- 
served for her in a deed of Gift to my Gran-child Pendleton Fletcher) 
all my Household Goods together with all that piece of land belonging 
to mee lying between my son James's & M r Deerings upon the Great 
Island wh. I have excepted & reserved out of my Deed of Gift of all 

2°. to my son James. Furthermore I give to my wife all my huseing & 
Land at Cape-Porpus wh. Rich d Palmer's wife hath the [defaced] dure- 
ing her Life, together with my Sixe Hundred & forty Acres of Land 
more or lesse lying on y e East side of Westbrook near Saco Ffalls w ch 
I bought of Jno West & Maj r W m Philips as y e Deeds will appear, as 
also Timber Island at y e Little River, All w h . I give to my wife abso- 
lutely to bee at her disposeall. 

2.° — Unto my Gran-child James Pendleton Jun r . I give my Hundred Acres 
of Upland & ten Acres of meadow w ch I bought of Jno. Bush & lies 
within y e Township of Cape-Porpus, adjoining to Prince's Rock. 

3°. — All my Houseing & Land at Wells, w th all y e Priveledges & Appur- 
tenances I give unto my two Grand-children Mary & Hannah Pendle- 
ton w ch my son had by his fForm r wife, to bee equally divided between 
y m . 

4°. — I give to my wife all my wearing Clothes to be diposed of as shee 
shall see meet, desiring her to [rememb r some poor.*] 

5°. — Finally I make my wife my Executrixe & joyn my beloved son James 
Pendleton execut r together with his Mother, willing my Executrixe to 
disburse what is needed for my Funerall Charge & my Executor to pay 

* The original at this place is so obliterated that I doubt the correctness of the words 
enclosed, though I can make nothing else of the text. 






1849.] /' 123 

all mv \ I t M f J 

to W I 

In witni all S I to my i 

tin I \ 

\\ ■ i ■ ■ 

Josh VI 

\ I 

|m\ 1 ' !; : I ok 

buttinj S 1 1 : \ r !•--*-*. 

M I I ' IN. 

V c n ?s 1 f 1 i I 

i i ■ ■ i 

II 
«l< 

i 
Unto lannnh P< 

all my lands in W M 

Kiel II ' • • A ' 

them one third i M 

I i • 

land I I 

will am ; 

I S liedule S I & S iled 1 

in | U8 

Jo 'j'li I >udl 
Joshu i M 
. i M 
enled l»\ M 

Testament & ) ' M •' • . I ' lule 

annexed al I ' 

\ 
I '• 



i 



I | 

This will within 



SV 



2:\. Ai' n'^l. |.' K.l. Rishworth. 



1) \M1.I. G< H >K1N. 

[The following Bcraps are worthy . 
'right good man/' fcfaj G pal Daniel Gookin, 
as been given in a previous number of the R r.*] 

u Daniel Gookin, the last Major-General of the colony, p m, Pu- 

Ltan, republican. Be was not only ready •; hu renowned High- 

tess in the Lord,' but was an efficient friend and proto 

SVhalli'y and GotVe, the Regicides A' - it three years 

n England, a portion o[' which was probably passed in % his High] 

• See his letter t> S tary Thorloe, T I | 150, of the Register. 



124 Daniel Croohin, [April, 

vice,' he ' returned back,' a fellow passenger with Colonel "Whalley and 

Colonel Goffe, in the ship , Pierce, commander, and arrived at Boston 

from London, on the 27th of July, 1660,* and on the same day they went to 
Cambridge, the place of residence of their chosen friend, Gookin, and there 
resided until the next February, when, finding themselves unsafe there from 
the vengeance of Charles II., aided by their friends they escaped to Con- 
necticut. They were men of singular abilities, and had moved in an exalt- 
ed sphere. Whalley had been a Lieutenant- General, and Goffe a Major- 
General in Cromwell's army. Their manners were elegant, and their 
appearance grave and dignified, commanding universal respect. Governor 
Endicott, and gentlemen of character in Boston and its vicinity, treated 
them with peculiar kindness and respect. They attempted no disguise, and 
publicly appeared at meetings on the Lord's day, and at occasional lectures, 
fasts, and thanksgivings, and were admitted to the sacrament and attended 
private meetings for devotion, visited many of the principal towns, and were 
frequently at Boston.f 

The king's commissioners, who were Colonel Nichols, Cartwright, Carr, 
and Maverick, in their narrative about New England, 1667, speaking of 
these Judges, say, among other accusations, ' Colonels Whalley and Goffe 
were entertained by the magistrates with great solemnity, and feasted in 
every place, after they were told they were traitors, and ought to be appre- 
hended. They made their abode at Cambridge, until they were furnished 
with horses and a guide, and sent away to New Haven for their more secu- 
rity. Captain Daniel Gookin is reported to have brought over and to 
manage their estates ; and the commissioners being informed that he had 
many cattle at his farm in the king's province, which were supposed to be 
Whalley's or Goffe's, caused them to be seized for his majesty's use, till 
further order, but Capt. Gookin, standing upon the privilege of their Char- 
ter, and refusing to answer before the commissioners, so that there was no 
more done about it. Captain Pierce, who transported Whalley and Goffe 
into New England, may probably say something to their estate.'! -The 
position taken by Gookin as represented by the commissioners, and the tone 
of his 'remonstrance' in 1680, thirteen years afterwards, render it hardly 
probable that he ever attempted or wished to vindicate his conduct in this 
matter." 

The following vote shows the location of General Gookin's estate : — 
"Billerica, 19. 9 m . 1661. At a Towne Meeting, The towne do grant to 
ffrances Wyman & John Wyman that parcell of land that lyeth betweene 
Woburne line & the former that they purchased of Mr. Dunster, which is 
by estimation four score acres, more or less and is bounded on the South or 
South East with Captaine Gookins farme line. 

Attest Jonathan Danforth, C." 

" Those Bookish Gentlemen & Ladies, who contributed so much to my 
well being and with whom I spent some of the most agreeable minutes of 
my whole life, those noble friends that I would here characterize are, 
Christopher Usher, Esq., Major Dudley, Major Gookins, and others," in 
America. — John Duntorts Life and Errors, p. 355. 

* This date corresponds with that given by Gookin in his Historical Collections, where 
he incidentally remarks that he "returned back in the year 1660, a year or more before 
Major Atherton's death," which occurred Sept. 16, 1661. — Mass. Hist. Col, i. 177. 

t Trumbull's Connecticut, (8vo. New Haven. 1818) i. 251 ; Stiles's Hist, of the Judges, 
(12mo. Hartford. 1794) pp. 22, 23, 28, 60. 

X See the Commissioners' Narrative, in Hutchinson's Collection of Papers, (8vo. Boston. 
1769) pp. 4 19-20. —Ed. 



1841).] Inscript ion s at Align 9 s Point, L25 

Gookin and Danforth, for daring to favor the Praying-Indians, were 
openly threatened with death by placards i »< »- 1 » < 1 up in Boston, Feb. 28, 
l 675—6. The following extract from one of these placards furnishes a strik- 
Ing exemplification <>t' tin- excitemenl which was bo prevalent at this time : — 

"Some generous spirits have vowed their destruction ; as Christians we 
warn them to prepare for death, for though they will deservedly die, yet we 
wish the health of their souls. By the new society, 

A B. ( L D." 

The following rotes are an additional indication of the temporary unpop- 
ularity of Gookin and his associates: — 

"The Names of eighteen Gentlemen who had most Votes tor Magistrates 
for the year ensuing, as appears at opening the sd Votes at Boston, April 
1 1/: L676, with the number of Votes for « ach. 



Simon Bradstreet, Esqr. '.'7 1 

Daniel ( rookin, Esqr. 1 L6 

Bic. Russell, Esqr. 1 225 

Tho. Danforth, Esqr. 840 



\\u\. tlathorne, Esqr. 1052 

Edw. Ting, Esqr. 1 1 - 
.Mr. Joseph Dudley, 669 

Major Tho. Savage, 1 11."* 



The Rev. Thomas Shepard of Charlestown, who died Dee. 22, 1»'»77, in 
the 13d year of his age, bequeathed u £6 to bis honored guardian ( apt. 
Daniel Gookin, whom he chose at his fathers death when a lad of fourteen." 

When Gookin, Eliot, and others were capsized in Boston harbor, in April, 
1 676, he lost 4> a large cloak of drab due berry lin'd through with fine Bearge, 
cost in London about eight pounds." "a new pair of gloves COSl 2" and a 
rattan, headed with [vory worth I8 d . ('apt. Henchman l"-t a L r "od broad- 
cloth clarge coate worth l" shillings, & Mr. Eliot lost a good castor hat 
worth ten shillings." 

In the Worcester Magazine, Vol. I. p. 383, it is stated that General Goo- 
kin was a Hebrew scholar. 

Judge Sewall thus notices in his Diary the death of Gookin. "168| 
March 18. Goe to see Major Gookin, who i- dying. He Bpeaks to us. 
March r. 1 . Satterday, ah' 5 or ('• in y morn Major Daniel Gookin dies, a 
right good Man." 



Inscriptions at A/h/ns Point, the terminus of the Worcester and Nor- 
wich Railroad, on the cast side of the rirer Thames, seven miles be- 
loir Noricich, ( V. 

In memory of Mr. Benadam Allvnf who died Sept. 6th 1781, by traitor 
Arnold's murdering corps in the 20th year of his age. 

To future ages this shall tell 
This brave youth in fort Griswold fell 
For amaric&fl liberty he fought ft bled 
Alas he died. 

In memory of Capt. Simeon Allyn who died Sept. Gth 1781 in fort Gris- 
wold with his Lieutenant, Ensign cV 13 soldiers by traitor arnolds murder- 
ing corps in the 37th year of his age. 

In memory of Bellon Allyn who fell in fort Griswold by traitor Arnolds 
corps Sept. Gth 1781. 

* See N. H. Hist. Coll., iii. 99, 100.— Ed. 

J This name, we believe, does not appear among those engraven on the monument at 
Groton Heights, while that of Samuel Allvn does. 



125 



Records of Bostoii. 



[April. 



RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

[Copied for the Antiquarian Journal by Mr. David Pdlsifeb, member of the N. E. H. 

Geneal. Society.] 

' [Continued from page 40.] 

[Note. — These records contain the marriages, births, and deaths of sev- 
eral towns, as they were returned to the recorder in Boston, and are copied 
in the order in which they were entered. The following are of Braintree.] 

A register of Births & burialls in Braintree from the yeare 1637 vnto 
the first month 1644. 

Mary the daught r of Thomas Adams was borne 24° (5°) Adams. 

1643 & dyed soone after. 

Sarai the daught r of Samuel Allen & Anne his wife was Allen. 

borne the 30° (1°) 1639. 

Anne the wife of Samuel Allen dyed 29° (7°) 1641. 

JMiriam the daught r of Georg Aldreth was buried 1639 Aldreth. 

27° (11°.) 

Experience the daught r of Georg Aldreth dyed 2° (12°) 
1641. 

Hanna the daught r of Benjamin Albie was borne 16° Albie. 

(6°) 1641. 

Lidia the daught r of Benjamin Albie was borne 14° (2°) 
1642. 

Hannah the daught r of William Ames was borne 12° Ames. 

(3°) 1641. 

Rebecca the daught r of William Ames was borne (8°) 
1642. 

Sarai the daught r of Matthew Barnes was borne 29° (6°) Barnes. 

1641. 

Mary the daught r of Samuel Basse was borne 26° (2°) Basse. 

1643. 

Samuel the sonne of Gregorie Belshar was borne 24° Belshar. 

(6°) 1637. 

Mary the daught* of Gregory Belshar was borne 8° (5°) 
1639. 

Joseph the sonne of Gregory Belshar was borne 25° 
(10°) 1641. 

Phillip the sonne of Henry Blage was borne 24° (1°) Blage. 

1643. 

John the sonne of Peter Bracket was borne 30° (9°) Bracket. 

1641. 

Joseph the sonne of Peter Bracket was borne 13° (8°) 
1642. 

Mary the daughter of Richard Bracket was borne 1° Bracket. 

(12°) 1641. 

ffrancis Browne servant to John Alby dyed (1°) 1640. Broivne. 

Richard the sonne of Richard Chamberlaine was borne Chamberlaine. 
19° (10°) 1642 & dyed the 25° (10°) 1642. 

Joseph the sonne of William Cheesborough was borne Cheesborough. 
18° (5°) 1640. 

Joshua the sonne of James Coney was borne (2°) 1640 Coney. 

& dyed the (10°) 1642. 



L849.1 



li l> 



L27 



Patience the daughter of Jam< I borne 

if. I j. 

Experience the danght 1 of Jam< l borne 

1642. 

.Linn i bod to James Coney dyed (10°) L642. 

Joseph the sonne of John Darsel was buryed (10 | 1642. 

Aiuiii-.. e the Bonne i ' William D borne 2 

1642. 

John the sonne of William Devel was borni 
& dyed L5 (5 ) L643. 

Mary Eliol the danght 1 of (Francis Eliol was borne 27 
(H) L640, 

John the sonm v, illiam Ellis was b L641. 

Elisabeth the daugh' of Thomas fllatman was born 
(3 ) L640. 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas fflatman was borni 



l > 
I > 
/: 
E i. 



Dorothie the daught r of Henry fflinl was borne 11° I //' 

L642. 

Susan the daught' of Peter G was borne (12 I 

John the sonne of John Hansel was borne L5 (5 > 1041. // 

Elisabeth the daught' of John Eastings was borne 2 (5 ) // 

1 6 I 

John the -.mi.' ..r .loin, Heckn< 11 was borneS < l"'i 1638. II ■ buB. 

Nathaniel the sonne of Nathaniel Herman was born B // 

(12°) L640. 

Mary the daught' of Nathaniel Herman was borne 15° 
(12°) 1642. 

Jonathan the wnneof John Hoydon w // ydon. 

1640. 

Hannah the daught 1 of John Hoydon was borne ~ 
L642. 

Joseph the sonne of Thomas Jewel & < rrisell his w ife was 
borne the 24° (2 | 16 

Lidia the daught r of Joel Jenkins was borne 13" (8°) 1< 

Theophilus the sonne of Joel Jenkins was borne 7 (2 ) 

L642. 
Mary the danght' of Steven Kinsley was borne • fi 

L640. " 

chiel the sonne of Ezechiel Knighl & Elisabeth bis A'a 

wife was borne 1 ' (12 ) L640 & dyed 2 L641. 

Elisabeth the wife of Ezechiel Knight was buri d 28 
1642. 

Mary the daught' of Henry Maudsley was borne 2 Maudsley. 

1 638. 

Samuel the sonne of Henry Maudsley was borne 14° I 
1641. 

Sarah the daught' of Thomas Mekins was borne 24° (2 ) Mekins. 

1641. 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas Mekins was borne 8° ( 1 ') 
1643. 

[To be continued.] 



128 Burial Inscriptions in Salem, Mass. [April. 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE BURYING- GROUNDS IN SALEM, 

MASS. 

[charter street burying-ground.] 

Here Lyes buried the body of Mrs. Mary Andrew, wife to Mr. Nathan- 
iel Andrew, who died October y e 3d, 1747, in y e 39th year of her age. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Jona. Archer, died July 16th, 1746, in 
the 76th year of his age. 

Here lyes buried the Body of Mrs. Rachel Barnard, wife to Samuel Bar- 
nard, Esq., Aged 56 years, died Aug. y e 30th, 1743. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mrs. Elizabeth Barnard, the Pious and 
Virtuous Consort of Samuel Barnard, Esq., who departed this Life Nov 1- . 
9th, Anno Domini 1753, Aged 46 years. 

In memory of Samuel Barnard Esq., who departed this life, November 
21st, 1762, in the 78th year of his age. 

Here lyeth buried y e body of Elizabeth, wife to Henry Bartholmew, 
aged about 60 years, deceas'd y e 1st day of September, 1682. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Edmond Batter, who departed this life, 
November y e 2d, 1756, aged 84 years. 

Here lyes the body of Martha Batter, wife to Mr. Edmond Batter, aged 
36 years, dec'd June 1st, [ 

Here lyeth y e body of William Beckett, senr., who died y e 10th of No- 
vember, 1723, in y e 55th year of his age. 

Here lyes y e body of Capt. William Bowditch, merchant, deceased y e 
28th of May, 1728, aged 64 years and 9 months. 

Here lyes y e body of Mrs. Mary Bowditch, wife of William Bowditch, 
who died [ ] 1724, in y e 53d [or 55th] year of her age. 

William, son of Jos h . and Elizabeth Bowditch, died June 26th, 1729, aged 
2 years and 5 months. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Ebenezer Bowditch, who departed this 
life Feb 17 . y e 2d, 1768, in y e 65th year of his age. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Ebenezer Bowditch, who departed this 
Life August the 16th, 1771, Aged 42 years. 

Here lieth buried y e body of William Browne, Esq., Aged 79 years. 
Departed this Life the 20th of January, 1687. 

This Stone perpetuates the memory of John Cabot, Physician, who died 
June 3d, 1749, aged 44, 

Likewise of William, son of Hannah Cabot, died Dec 1- . 9th, 1750, Aged 
1 year 2 mo. 

Mary Corey, wife of Giles Corey, aged 63 years, died August 27th, 1684. 

Here lies the body of Mary Cox, wife to Edward Cox, sen r ., who died 
Nov. y e [ ] 1737, aged 63 years. 

Here lyes y e body of Doraty Cromwell, aged 67 years, Dec d . Sept. y e 
27th, 1673. 

Here lieth Buried y e body of Mrs. Mary, wife to Mr. Philip Cromall, 
aged 72 yeares, departed this life the 14 day of November, 1683. 

Here lyeth buried y € body of Mr. Philip Cromwell, aged 83 years, de- 
parted this life y e 30th March, 1693. 

This Stone Perpetuates the memory of Capt. John Crowninshield, mar- 
iner, Ob*. May 25th, Anno Dom. 1761, ^Etatis 65. 

Here lyeth y e body of Martha Dean, y e wife of Thomas Dean, who died 
y e 24th of Decern 1 *. 1729, in the 31st year of her age. 



1840.] Hurial In sc r ip t io n* in 8dUm, Mas*. 129 

Here lyes y c body of Edward Dean, son of Mr. Philemon Dean of Ips- 
wich, who died Sept y" l 1th, 171.!, aged -1 years. 

Here lycth y' body of Mary, Wife to Edmond Feveryeare & formerly 
wife of Joseph Hardy, Aged about 45 years, died Nov. 17<>.~>. 

Here lycth buried y' body of Sarah, wife of Ebenezer Gardner, A 
about 2.') years, dyed y" 5th of September, L682. 

Here lyes Enterred tin- body of William Godfrey, Esq., who died Jan Y . y* 
24th, 1729, aged 62 years. 

In memory of Mrs Mercy Goodhue, irife of Mr. William Goodhue, died 
May 22d, 1772, in the 56th year of her age. 

Here ryes ) ' body of Mr. John ( irafton, senier, died Nov', jr* 24th, 1715, 
aged 77 j ears. 

Here lycth buried y" body of Joseph Hardy, Dyed April 17th, 1687. 

Here lycth y* bodyofSeeth Hardy, dau'. of Joseph & Mary Hardy, aged 
about 25 year- ^v 7 months, Died Dec*. 21st, 1712 

In memory of Mr. Benjamin Herbeart, who departed tins Life Jan* 7 , the 
20th, 1761, in the 52d year of his age. 

Here lie buried the remains of Elizabeth, Consort of Capt Benjamin 

I Ierbert. 

In her were united the affectionate wife, the tender Parent, the Friend 
to the distressed, and in a Word, the Pious and good Woman. 
Ob*. Octr. 23d, A. 1). 1772, iEtatis 55. 

Francis, son of .John Higginson, •'!""*. A Hannah his wife, horn Xo\ r . y" 

29th, L705, & died j* same day 

Henry, son of .John Higginson, '■'>'"". & Hannah his wife, aged 1 1 monthes 

& and 7 dayes, died I)ee r . y' 1st, 1709. 

John, son of William & Mary Hirst, aged 1 jrear & 9 ma Died Octob*. 
9th, L687. 

In Memory of George Hodges, son of Mr Gamaliel Hodges, jr. & P 
cilia Hodges, Aged 17 years. Died March y* 25th L764. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Gamaliel Hodges, who departed this 

Life August the 27th, L768, Aged 51 year- and 11 months. 

Here lyeth buried y* body of William Hollingworth, aged 33 yeares, 
departed this Life Nov'. 7th, "if.- 

Here lyeth buried y e body of Elianor Hollingworth, aged ■•• , yeares. 

Deceased y* 22d of November, 1689. 

2 dant rs of Jno. and Sus M Ilolliman. Susanna died Sept. y" 27th, 1721, 
in the 2d year of her age. Susannah died Xov" lr . y f 1th, 1729, in y c 2d 

year of her age. 

.John Ilolliman, son to John and Susan Ilolliman, who died July y r 1st, 
1732, in y c 10th year of his aire. 

Here lies the body of .Airs. Eunice Hunt, the wife of .Mr. William Hunt. 
Died August 30th, 17f>l, aged 57 years and 6 months. 

Here lyes buried the Body of Mr. William Hunt, who departed this Life 
May the 29th, 1769, Aged 25 years. 

Here lie Interred the remains of Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Mr. John Inger- 

soll & daut. of Captain Daniel Bray. Obt. Aug 4 . 5th, 1768, iEtatis 56. 

Happy the Virtuous & the Just, 
They from their Sins and Labor rest, 
Their holy works do follow them. 
To the bright mansions of the blest. 

Also Philip, son of Capt & Mrs. Susanna Ingersoll, Obt. Sept. 8th, 
1781, iEtatis 2. 

Here lyes the body of William Jeftry, son of Mr. James and Mrs. Ruth 



130 Burial Inscriptions in Salem, Mass. [April, 

Jeffry, who departed this Life July the 8th, 1772, in y e 35th year of his 
age. 

Katherine, wife to Mr. William King, died Dec r . 17th, 1718, Aged 22 
years. 

Here lyeth buried y e body of Mr. Timothy Lindall, aged 56 years & 7 
mo. Deceased January y e 6th, 1698. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mrs. Mary Lindall, wife to Mr. Timothy 
Lindall, aged 83 years. Dec' d . Jan 1 *. y e 7th, 1731. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Caleb Lindall, Merch*. Obi't. Nov r . 
13th, 1751, JEtatis 67. 

Here lyes Interred y e body of James Lindall, Esq. who departed this life 
May y e 10th, Anno Dom'i 1753, Aged 77 years. 

Here lyes buried y e body of Mrs. Sarah Lindall, wife to Mr Caleb Lin- 
dall, Merch*. who departed this life June y e 27th, A. D. 1764, aged 60 
years. 

Here lies Interred the body of Mrs. Mary Lindall, who departed this life 
Jan ry . the 22d, 1776, aged 70 years. 

This Stone perpetuates the memory of Mad m Sarah Marshead, who died 
Dec r . 25th, 1750, aged 67. 

Here lyeth buried y e body of John Marston, senior, aged 66 years. Dec'd 
December y e 19, 1681. 

Here lyeth buried y e body of Mary y e wife of John Marston, Aged 43 
years, dyed y e 25th of May, 1686. 

Mr. Nathaniel Mather. Dec'd October y c 17th, 1688. 

An aged person 
that had seen 
but nineteen winters 
in the world. 

Here lyeth y e body of Judath, Daut r . of Joseph & Judath Neale. De- 
ceased February y e 25th, 1697-8, in y e 16th year of her age. 

Here lyeth the Body of Ruth, wife of John Nutting, who died Nov r . 22d, 
1736. 

Also John, their son, died June 20th, 1720, aged 4 years. 
Benjamin Orne, son to Benjamin Orne & son to Elizabeth Orne, who y e 
7th of September died aged 9 months and 8 days, 1736. 

In memory of Mrs. Alice Orne, who died Nov. 16, 1776, in the 30th year 
of her age. 

This Stone has something great to teach, 
And what you need to learn, 
For Graves my friends most loudly preach, 
Man's Infinite concern. 

Here lyes buried the Body of Deacon Peter Osgood, aged 90 years, 
died September y e 24th, 1753. 

Here lies buried y e body of Mrs. Martha Osgood, the widow of Deacon 
Peter Osgood. She died Sept r . 10th, 1760, in the 92d year of her age. 

Hephzibah Packer, y e wife of Thomas Packer, aged 25 years and 5 
months, departed this Life y e 22d of January, 1684. 

Here lyes buried y e body of Margaret, y e wife of Deliverance Parkman, 
Aged 24 years. Dec'd March y e 25th, 1689. 

Here lyes Buried y e body of Mr. Deliverance Parkman, Mercht. Dec'*. 
Nov r . the 15th, 1715, aged 64 years, 3 mo. and 12 days. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Elizabeth Peele, wife to Mr. Robert Peele, 
jr. who departed this life August the 6th 1770, Aged 27 years. 

Here lies y e body of Mrs. Mary Peele, wife to Mr. Robert Peele, who 
departed this Life, May y e 4th, 1771, aged 58 years. 



L849.1 Burial Tmcriptions in Salem^ M<< 181 

* 

Here lies buried the body <>f Mr. Robert Peele, who «1< j>:irt» -« 1 this life 
April the 29th, 177:;, aged 60 years. 

Here lyes Lnterr'd the bodj Sarah Peele, who died Decern*. 10th, 
L736, in the 32d year of her i 

A prudent wife. 

Here ly< - y* body of Abigail Pickman, wife to Mr. Joshua Pickmau <V 
daur. to Mr. Nehemiah Willoughby vv Abigail bis wife, aged 80 years, 
died August ;.' 2 lth. 1710. 

Here lyes buried y body of Capt. Benjamiu Pickman, Benior, who died 
April y 26th, 17 1 rs. 

Here lyeth y* body of Mrs. Elizabeth Pickman, who died Dec'. L9th, 
1 7l'7, Aged 77 j ears. 

Here lyes [nterred the body of Mr. Caleb Pickman, who died June 1th, 

17-'i7, (being -truck with lightning are. 

M v i in thv hand, 

i;. iihuiIm r my life i- wind. 

This stone perpetuates the memory of Mad m . Elizabeth Pickman (widow 
of Capt. Benjamin Pickman,) aged 56 years, departed this Life March j 
24th, 1737 

Here lyes buried f body of Capt. Joshua Pickman, Mariner, < >bt Ji 
24th, 1750, iEtatis 69. 

Here lyeth y* body of John Pratt, who died March y' 12th, 1729-30, ; ; , 
the 66th year of his age. 

Hen- lies buried the body of Mrs. Maverick Trait, who died Jan* 7 . 23d, 

1 763, in the -"'"th year of her a 

Hen- lyeth buried y ( body of Samuel! Shal ire, who de- 

parted this life \' 6th day of June, l 1 

Here lyeth buried y body of Retire Shatb '. ed 27 j leparted 

this life ;.' 9th daj of September, 1691. 

Here lies burfr d \" holy of Thomas Smith, son of Edward Smith, who 

departed this Life April the Llth, L771,aged 1 years and 3 months. 

now in my childhood i must die, 
leave all my playmates and d 
hoping to inherit eternal I 

Here lyeth buried v' body of Etobarl Si i . Junear. di< ] L688, 

\ ed [ " ] 

Here lyes the Body of Hannah, y r wife of Robert St '1 29 years 

deceased April L7th, 1 691. 

Here lyes v Body of Capt Benjamin Stone, aged about 38 years, died 
Novem'. 30th, L703. 

In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Stone, wife of Mr. Robert Stone, who de- 
parted this Life July the 2d, 1763, in the 76th year of her age. 

In memory of Mr. Robert Stone, who departed this Life May the 20th, 

1764, in the 77th year of his age. 

Here lyeth buried y' Hody of John Swinnerton, Phis iar . deceased y e 6th 
of Jan"* 1690, in y c 58th yeare of his age. 

Here lyes y c body of Hannah Swinnerton, widdow of Dr. John Swinner- 
ton, aged 71 years, died December 23d, 1713. 

Here lyes y c body of Mrs. Mercy Swinnerton, who died Nov. 3d, 1727, 
in y c 44th year of her age. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Isaac Turner, who departed this life, 
August the 17th, 1754, aged 02 years. 

Here lieth the body of John Turner, Aged 36 years, who departed this 
Life the 9th of October, in the year of our Lord, 1680. 



132 Letter to Rev. Mr. Adams. [April, 

♦ 

Here lyeth buried y e body of Hilliard Verrin, aged 63 years. Dec'd. y c 
20th Dec 1 . 1683. 

Here lyeth y e body of Sarah Ward, wife to Miles Ward sen r . who died 
Nov mr y e 2 0th, 1728, in y e 59th year of her age. 

Here lyes y e body of Dea. Miles Ward, who died August 13th, 1761, 
Aged 92 years. 

Here lyes y e body of Elizabeth, wife of Miles Ward, jun r . died 13th 
April, 1737, in her 28th year. Elisabeth, their dau*. died April y e 11th, 
1737, in her 8th year. Ebenezer, their son, died April y e 13th, 1737, aged 
— hours. Anne, their dautr. died May y e 2d, 1737, in her 2d year. Also 
Sarah, daut". of Miles & Elisabeth Ward, died Augs*. y e 10th. 1729, Aged 
9 mo. & 20 days. Abigail, their daug htr . died y e 22d of May, 1731, aged 5 
weeks. 

Here lyeth y e body of Deborah Ward, wife to Benjamin Ward, who died 
April y e 6th, 1736, in y e 36th year of her age. 

Here lies the Body of Joshua Ward, Esq., who departed this Life De- 
cember 2d, 1779, in the 81st year of his age. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Ruth Ward. Relict of the late Joshua Ward, 
Esq. who died June 5th, 17H7, in the 74th year of her age. 

Here lyes y* body of Rebekfth Whitford. Died April y° 14th, 1744, in 
her 7th year, Being willing to die. 

Here lyeth y c body of Deacon Jonathan Willard, died April 7th, 1773, 
Aged near 49 years. 

Here lyeth y e body of John Wind, who died Octo br . y e 7th, 1732, in y e 
80th year of his age. 

[To be continued.] 



LETTER TO REV. MR. ADAMS, 1737. 

March 27th, 1849. 

Mr. Editor, — 

During the days of the almost theocratieal government of New England, 
there were but few changes in the poetry used in divine worship. The in- 
sertion of this original paper in your valuable pages may gratify the curi- 
osity of some of your readers, and also serve the student who may search 
for the curious learning in this portion of our ecclesiastical learning. This 
is probably the only copy in existence, and if one historic fact perish, it is 
lost forever. T. 

Rev. S k 

The New England Version of the Psalms, however usefull it may for- 
merly have been, is now become through the natural variableness of Lan- 
guage, not only very uncouth, but in many Places unintelligible ; whereby 
the mind instead of being Raised and spirited in singing The Praises of 
Almighty God, and thereby better prepared to attend the other Parts of 
Divine Service, is Damped and made spiritless in the Performance of the 
Duty; at least such is the Tendency of the use of That version, and it be- 
ing the Duty of Christians to make use of the Best helps for the right & 
acceptable performance of Divine Worship and as in Regard to Psalm 
singing there are several versions of the Psalms much preferable to that 
Before mentioned, especially the version Made by Tate & Brady, which has 
been lately Rec d by Divers of the Neighbouring Churches in the Room of 
the New England version. 



'I * • /• 

i ' in- 

^ion : a: 

i I ' .... 

■ 

S r \ M 
William < i . 

i 

i I ill 
w 

I 






' 



I :. 



l i 

1 I 

•it thi» n 

\ 



11 S ETT L E RS 1 ST A B 1 

[O Mi David Haii un 

Joseph Hull m. ] 11 

. 7. 

KlKVWII H\\!!,| I S :: . A . . '. ' 

Sylvanus, b. SO July, 1712; R 
1715; John, 2 Nov., li 

June, 1721 ; Tabitha, 1 i A. • ... Abigail, Ham- 

blen, & 29 M . . . I id ho i. . t B 

a • .iwam. 9 Jane, 17 

* . . Of 1 1 ? 



134 First Settlers of Barnstable. [April, 

James Hamblen, Jr. m. Mary, dau. of John Dunham, 20 Nov., 1662; 
children, Mary, b. 24 July, 1664; Elizabeth, 13 Feb., 1665; Eleazer and 
Experience, 12 April, 1668; James, 26 Aug., 1669; Jonathan, 3 March, 
1670-1; a child, 28 March, 1672, d. 7 April, 1672; Ebenezer, 29 July, 
1674; Elisha, 15 March, 1676-7, d. 30 Dec, 1677; Hope, 13 March, 
1679-80; Job, 15 Jan., 1681; John, 12 Jan., 1683; Elkanah, no date; 
Benjamin, baptized 1685. Mrs. Mary Hamblen, wife of the above James, 
d. 19 Dec, 1715, se. 73. 

James Hamblen, Jr. m. Ruth Lewis, 8 Oct., 1690; children, Mary, b. 
24 June, 1691 ; Ruth, 25 Jan., 1692; James, 17 July, 1696; Benjamin, 8 
Nov., 1702, d. 23 Jan., 1732 ; David, June, 1708, d. 4 Nov., 1732 ; Han- 
nah, 17 June, 1709, d. 7 Nov., 1735; Job, 25 June, 1711, d. 28 Sept., 
1732 ; Deliverance, no date. 

Jonathan Hamblen m. Esther Hamblen, 6 March, 1705 ; children, 
Solomon, b. 5 Dec, 1705; Content, 12 Dec, 1707; Priscilla, 13 July, 
1709; Zacheus, 17 June, 1711; Jabez, baptized 13 July, 1718; Jonathan, 
baptized 13 July, 1718 ; Sarah, baptized 13 July, 1718 ; Josiah, b. 16 Oct., 
1720, d. 1 March, 1789, a?. 69. Mr. Jonathan Hamblen d. 22 June, 1743, 
se 74. His wife, Esther, d. 1 Sept., 1746, oj 69. 

Dea. Ebenezf.u Hamblen m. Sarah Lewes, 4 April, 1698, d. in Shar- 
on, Conn., 1755 ; children, Ebenezer, b. 18 March, 1698-9 ; Mercy, 10 
Sept., 1700; Hopestill, 23 Jul v, 17()2 ; Cornelius, 13 June, 1705; Thomas, 
6 May, 1710; Isaac, 1 July, 1714; Lewis* 31 Jan., 1718-19. 

Eleazer Hamblen m. Mehitable Jenkins, Oct., 1675; children, Isaac, 
b. 20 Aug., 1676; Joseph, 20 Nov., 1680, d. 27 Aug., 1766; Mehitable, 
28 March, 1682 ; Shubal, 16 Sept., 1695 ; Elisha, baptized 30 July, 1685; 
Ichabod, baptized May, 1687. 

Isaac Hamblen m. Elizabeth Howland, 14 Sept., 1698; children, 
Eleazer, b. 22 Aug., 1699 ; Isaac, no date, baptized 20 July, 1701 ; Joseph, 
4 June, 1702, (deacon) d. in Yarmouth, 19 Jan., 1777 ; Elizabeth, Oct., 1705. 

Joseph Hamblen m. Mercy Howland, 27 April, 1704, d. 27 Aug., 
1766, x. 86; children, Alice, b. 4 Feb., 1705 ; Seth, March, 1708; Sarah, 
4 April, 1711 ; Joseph, 10 March, 1715, d. 8 Aug., 1767 ; Southward, 21 
May, 1721, d. 13 Jan., 1766. 

John Hamblen m. Sarah Bearse, Aug., 1667; children, Melatiah, b. 1 
July, 1668; Priscilla, 30 April, 1670; Sarah, 1 July, 1671 ; Martha, 16 
Feb., 1672; Experience, 16 April, 1674; Hannah, 16 Feb., 1675; Ester, 
17 March, 1677; Thankful, Oct., 1679, d. Oct., 1683; John, 10 March, 
1680; Ebenezer, 12 Mav, 1683; Abigail, 25 April, 1685; Benjamin, 11 
Feb., 1686. 

Benjamin Hamblen m. Hope Huckins, 29 May, 1709, d. 1718 ; chil- 
dren, Rebecca, b. 17 May, 1711 ; Hannah, no date, baptized July, 1714; 
Benjamin, no date, baptized 18 Nov., 1716; Hope, no date, baptized 31 
Aug., 1718. 

Shobal Hamblen m. Eleanor Winslow of Harwich, 25 March, 1719; 
children, Jerusha, b. 4 May, 1722; Shobal, 20 Sept., 1724; Eleanor, 18 
Oct., 1726; Joshua, 21 Aug., 1728; Mehitable, 4 Dec, 1730; Elenor, 15 
April, 1733; Lydia, 15 Nov., 1735. 

Bartholomew Hamblen m. Susannah Dunham, 20 Jan., 1673, d. 24 
April, 1704, se. 63; children, Samuel, b..25 Dec, 1674; Mercy, 1 June, 
1677; Patience, 15 April, 1680; Susanna, 16 March, 1682; Experience, 

* Grandfather of Capt. Nathaniel Hamblen of Boston, and Hon. Frederick Hamblen of 
Elyria, Ohio. 



1849.] / \ i [ 

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I h. F«»b M 1711, 

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V . I . I 7 

I u 

bit*, '.I! 

I 

D II. 

.I"ll\ I I IN 

M 1704. 

i n i 

R li.-l. b. I N 
John llr 

! 
'I .. 

M ; Seth, 16 A § ; 1 

than 3 Sept, 

M< rcy, 1 1 Jan . . .' . 

L HlNKLKT m. IM I 

jamin, b ,; 1 1 W M 

wif< . M 
.1. 8 Jan., 

M . M i ■ 

I • i; 1 mas, 1 -Li".. I 

Benjamin Hinkley m. S 
b. 18 July, 169 I : M 

Joseph Hinkley m. M IS 

1). 17 Aug., ! . h, 6 May, 17 

uel, 24 F< !... 17- 6; 1 ' 1708; A 

Elisabeth, l Jan., 1712 13; Hannah, 1" Jane, 1715; John, l< ' > 
1717 ; Isaac, 31 <>,;.. 171:». 

Ebenezer Hinklet m. Saral I 9, 17 J 1711 ; i I )ben- 

r, b. 10 Sept, 1712; Daniel, 8 July, 1714, d. 8 \ , 1714; a son, 24 
Sept, 1715, il. 27 Sept, 1715; I ly, 1717: Susannah, 18 

April, L720; Samuel, 7 S >t, 1727; M •;. 12 April, 17 

John Hinkley m Bethiah Lathrop, July, M 8 7 D 
thiah Lathrop d. 10 July, I694;childr S • ■ May, I6( ;S mnel, 2 
Feb., 1670; Bethiah, March, 1673, d. 2 April, 1715 ; Hannah, May, 1675 : 



136 First Settlers of Barnstable. [April, 

Jonathan, 15 Feb., 1677; Ichabod, 28 Aug., 1680; Gershom, 2 April, 
1682. 

Samuel, son of Ensign John Hinkley, m. ; children, John, b. 

28 July, 1700 ; Martha, 8 March, 1701. 

Ichabod Hinkley m. Mary Goodspeed, 7 Jan., 1702 ; children, Mary, 
b. 27 March, 1704, d. 2 March, 1718; John, 4 Jan., 1710-11, d. Feb., 
1710-11; Benjamin, 19 June, 1707; David, 1 March, 1709; John, 7 
March, 1712; Ebenezer, 7 July, 1714; Thankful, 1 Aug., 1716; Mary, 
26 Sept., 1718. Wife Mary d. 1 Oct., 1719, and he m. second wife, Mary 
Basset, by whom he had one child, Thankful, b. 2 Dec, 1723. 

Job Hinkley m. Sarah Lumbart, 15 Nov., 1711 ; children, Hannah, b. 
23 Nov., 1713 ; Huldah, 26 Dec, 1715. 

Isaac Howland m. Ann Tayler, 27 Dec, 1686 ; children, Ebenezer, 
b. 7 Sept., 1687 ; Isaac, 3 July, 1689 ; Mary, Oct., 1691 ; Ann, Dec, 1694. 
John, 2 Feb., 1696 ; Joseph, 31 July, 1702. 

James Howland m. Mary Lothrop, 8 Sept., 1697. 

Shobal Howland m. Mercy Blossom, 13 Dec, 1700 ; children, Jabez, 
b. 16 Sept., 1701; Mercy, 21 May, 1710; Zaccheus, no date. 

John Howland, Jr., m. ; children, George, b. 30 Dec, 

1705; Hannah, 2 Feb., 1708; Mary, 11 Aug., 1711; Joannah, 8 Jan., 
1715. By his second wife, Mary Crocker, John, b. 13 Feb., 1720-1 ; Job, 
June, 1726. 

John Huckens m. Hope Chipman, 10 Aug., 1670, d. 10 Nov., 1678, as. 
29; children, Elizabeth, b. 1 Oct., 1671; Mary, 3 April, 1673; Expe- 
rience, 4 June, 1675 ; Hope, 10 May, 1677. 

Thomas Huckens m. Hannah Chipman, 1 May, 1680; children, Han- 
nah, b. 6 April, 1681, d. 29 Oct., 1698; Joseph, 6 Oct., 1682; Mary, 13 
June, 1684; John, 4 May, 1686; Thomas, 15 Jan., 1687-8; Hope, 21 
Sept., 1689; James, 20 Aug., 1691; Samuel, 19 Aug., 1693; Jabez, 20 
July, 1696, d. June, 1699. Married second wife, "Widow Sarah Hinkley, 
17 Aug., 1698; Hannah, b. 22 Aug., 1699. Mrs. Hannah Chipman, first 
wife of Thomas, died 4 Nov., 1696, ae. 37. 

John Hawes m. Desire, dau. of Capt. John Gorham, 7 Oct., 1661. 

John Jenkins m. ; children, Mehitable, b. 25 Sept., 1694; 

Samuel, 15 July, 1697; Phillip, 26 July, 1699; Joseph, 13 Aug., 1701; 
Ruth, 1704. Mr. John Jenkins died 8 July, 1736. 

Joseph Jenkins m. Lydia Howland, Oct., 1694; children, Abigail, b. 
July, 1695; Bathshuah, July, 1696; Ann, May, 1701; Joseph, 29 Feb., 
1703 ; Lydia, 30 June, 1705 ; Benjamin, 30 June, 1707 ; Reliance, 6 April, 
1709. 

Thomas Jenkins m. Experience Hamblen, 24 Aug, 1687; children, 
Thankful, b. 19 May, 1691; Experience, 28 March, 1693; Mercy, 5 Jan., 
1695; Ebenezer, 5 Dec, 1697; Samuel, 7 Jan., 1699-1700; Josiah, 16 
April, 1702 ; Hope, 5 July, 1704; Sarah, 1 Dec, 1706. 

Jedediah Jones m. Hannah Davis, 18 March, 1681 ; children, Shobal, 
b. 17 July, 1683; Simon, 5 April, 1685; Isaac, April, 1690; Timothy, 
May, 1692; Hannah, Sept., 1694. 

Matthew Jones m. Mercy Goodspeed, 14 Jan., 1694 [probably 1684;] 
children, Benjamin, b. 5 Jan., 1690; Ralph, 5 Jan., 1692; Experience, 1 
March, 1697 ; Josiah, 14 June, 1702 ; Ebenezer, 6 June, 1706. 

Adam Jones m. Mary Baker, 26 Oct., 1699. 

John Jones m. ; children, Abigail, b. 18 Jan., 1698-9; 

Mercy, July, 1700 ; John, 12 Feb., 1703. 

[To be continued.} 



L849. ] /' rrly Physicians of Marietta, <> L37 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE EARL? PHYSICIANS 

OF MARIETTA, OHIO. 

By S. P. Bildbbi ii. M. D., of Marietta, Member of X. EI 1 1 

[Oondiiaed fr-'in page 66.] 

|)'m JOB w ll.i.l \M B. LEONARD 

Waa born in London, In the year 17.;7. Little or uothing is known of his 
early life. He waa bred a surgeon and became an as v . otheca- 

ries' Hall, as appears from a diploma which he bad set in a frame undei 
glass and kepi hang up in his room. When in the pri 
bs :i Burgeon in the British navy, and at the time of his emigration to Amer- 
ica, one of his sons was a lieutenant in the Bame Ben ice. Al o it tl 
17'.U. having lost his wife, he decided on removing to the United S 
and be concerned in a woollen factory. For this purpose he clandestinely 
packed up the machinery and put it on board the vessel in which he bad 
engaged his passage. Before he sailed it was discovered by the 
tic customs, and being a contraband article prohibited by the lav. 
land to be transported out of the realm, he was arrested and confined for 
some time in prison, 1 > * ■ i 1 1 '^ finally discharged, he came to America about 
the year 1797. 'The following year he was practising his profession in 
Newburyport, Mass., where he again married; but his wife dying booh 
ter, he moved to .Marietta in 1801, and boarded in the family of Mr. Willi 
Moulton, who wa> a native of the former town, and one of the earli< 
tiers al the month of the Muskingum. Here he again r ! the prac- 

tice, and in 1802 married Lydia Moulton, the maiden daughter of his l.i 
lord. He appears to have been a skilful surgeon, but was rough i 
coarse in his manners and language, retaining the habits acquired in his 
naval service, at a period when profanity and rudeness occupied the plac< 
of the genteel manner.- of the present day. He -till retained and k< pt nj 
the fashion of the showy dresses, such as prevailed in the days 
Elizabeth, which in the backwoods of Ohio excited the curiosity of a peo- 
ple accustomed to the most simple attire. lie was thin and spare in 
person, with very slender legs, on the borders of old age. Hisfavorite cos- 
tume was a blue broadcloth coat trimmed with gold lace, and enormous «_ r ilt 
buttons, a waistcoat of crimson velvet, with large pocket flaps, and -mall 
clothes of the same material, a pair of silk or worsted stockings drawn ovei 
his slender legs, with large silver buckles at the knees and in his shoes. 
On his head he wore a fall flowing periwig, of which he had six or e|ght 
varieties, crowned with a three cornered or cocked h"aver hat. Over the 
whole, when he appeared in the street, unless the weather was very hot, Ik 
wore a large scarlet colored cloak. This dress, with his i_ r old headed cane. 
always called forth the admiration and wonder of the hoys, who followed 
close in his train, and were often threatened with his displeasure in not very 
civil language. When travelling on horseback to visit his patients, he rode 
a coal black steed with long flowing mane and tail, the saddle and trappings 
of which were as antiquated and showy as his own dress. The shop furni- 
ture, surgeon's instruments, skeletons, and books he brought out with him, 
were as odd and ancient as himself. The writer of this article has preserved 
several of them as curious relics of this singular man. Amongst them is a 
small quarto volume, printed at London in the old black letter, in the year 
1562. It is entitled "The Secrets of Master Alexis of Piemont," and is 
filled with curious recipes in the arts, with odd, fanciful remedies for various 
9 



138 Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

diseases, such as were in use three hundred years ago. He died of a con- 
sumption, in 1806, aged G9 years. On a copper plate prepared before his 
death with suitable blanks, and attached to his tomb-stone, is engraved the 
following quaint lines: 

* : Friend ! for Jesus' sake forbear 
To touch the dust enclosed here; 
Blest is the man that spares this urn, 
And he 's a knave that moves my bones." 



DOCTOR JOHN EAPTISTE REGNIER 

Was born in the city of Paris, in the year 1769. His father was "a No- 
taire," or writer for the courts of law, while his mother kept a small store 
for fancy goods, which the French are famous for exhibiting in the most 
tasteful manner. She was a very beautiful woman, dressing in the neatest 
style of fashion, to be in keeping with her employment, and the mother of 
nine children, seven sons and two daughters. John Baptistc was the oldest 
of the sons, and named for his father. He received a good education, but 
studied chiefly architecture and drawing, intending to follow the former as 
a profession. He also attended courses of lectures on various scientific sub- 
jects, but more especially that of medicine, which his fine memory stored up 
as a useful treasure in after life. Born and educated admidst the elegances 
and ease of Paris, little did he then think of the trials and vicissitudes which 
awaited him in after years. The convulsions which agitated France during 
the period of the Revolution had commenced their movements on the sur- 
face of society in the autumn of 1789. His father was a good loyalist and 
sided with the crown, as did all his sons who were old enough to act. In 
1790 the young men were called upon to enrol themselves in the ranks of 
the reformers, but as this was not in accordance with their feelings, their 
father collected all the ready money he could command and sent his sons 
out of the country. The only safety for the orderly citizens was to flee, 
and thus were expatriated a large number of the best families of France. 
John Baptiste, then in his twentieth year, with his little brother Modeste, 
in his fourteenth year, joined the company of emigrants who had purchased 
lands of Joel Barlow, and embarked for the United States in February, 
from the port of Havre; while his brother Francis, aged 18, and Benjamin, 
about 16, sailed for the island of St. Domingo. After their departure the 
lawless Jacobins, treating every one as enemies who were not openly on 
their side, plundered their father's house and shop of every thing movable, 
destroying what they could not carry away. His life was spared, but he 
was left in wretchedness and want. Some years after, when Napoleon had 
restored order by his iron sway, two of the brothers returned and served 
under that noted man in his German and Russian campaigns, and settled 
in Paris, where their descendants now live. Early in May, 1790, he land- 
ed in Alexandria with his little brother and the other emigrants, this port 
being nearer the Ohio river than any other, and reached Marietta the 16th 
October following, after many delays and hindrances. Doctor Lamoine was 
in the same ship, but settled in Washington, Pa. After a few days the 
emigrants again embarked in boats procured for them by Mr. Duer of New 
York, the ;ig< j nt of the Scioto Land Company, who also supplied them with 
one year's provisions, as stipulated in their contract for lands. They landed 
on the right bank of the Ohio, at a point a little below the mouth of the Big 
Kenawha river, supposed to be the upper end of their purchase, and found- 
ed a town which they called Gallipolis, or the French city. Here he passed 



1849.] Early Physicians of Marietta, Oldo. 139 

the winter and built for himself and brother a small frame house, which was 
the first and only one erected that winter, the others being made of logs. 
The next summer was occupied in cutting away the forest trees which cov- 
ered the site of the new city. They were of immense growth, and the 
whole season was busily occupied in clearing and fencing about an acre of 
ground; a task which a backwoodsman familiar with the use of the axe. 
would have accomplished in four or live weeks. By this time they had as- 
certained that the Scioto Company could give them no title to their land.-, 
and they were left in the wilderness without a home. The year had also 
expired in which they were to be supplied with provisions, and want stared 
them in the face. An arrangement was finally made with the directors of 
the Ohio Company, by which the site covered by this town was secured to 
them, and subsequently Congress, commiserating their losses, with a mag- 
nanimity creditable to the United Slates, granted them a tract of twenty- 
four thousand acres on the Ohio river in Scioto county, making a good farm 
for every family. Under these disheartening circumstance-;, a large portion 
of them having spent all their money, and the Indian war breaking out, 
many of them left the settlement for Kaskaskiaand other towns in the west. 
His little brother Modeste, who looked up to him as a father, had imbibed 
such a dread of the Indians that he did not cease t" importune him until he 
decided on leaving the place and going to New York. Towards the last of 
February, 1792, they embarked in a large perogue with a small party who 
joined them, and proceeded up stream for Pittsburgh. Being little acquaint- 
ed with water craft, their progress was slow. Near the head of Buffmgton's 
Island, in passing round a fallen tree top, their vessel upset. All their pro- 
visions and clothing were lost, while they barely escaped with their lives to 
the shore. Among the other effects of tic unfortunate Regnier then lost in 
the Ohio, was a curiously wrought octagonal cylinder, of black marble, made 
with mathematical accuracy, eight or ten inches long and one in diameter, 
manufactured in Paris. Several years after this curious stone was found 
on the head of a sand bar some distance below, and presented to an eastern 
museum as a relic of that singular but unknown race who built the mounds 
and earthworks in the valley of the Ohio. The spot where they were 
wrecked was many miles from any settlement, and no boat to be procured: 
the rest of their journey was performed on toot. They suffered much for 
food, and were all nearly poisoned by eating the seeds of decayed Papaws, 
which resemble a large bean. The party finally reached Pittsburgh, and 
after resting a few days, crossed the mountains and proceeded on to New 
York. Not finding employment here he went by water to Newfoundland, 
where there was a French settlement. How he was occupied while here 
is unknown. In 1794 he returned again to New York, and was employed 
by Benjamin Walker, the proprietor of a large body of land in the eleventh 
township of the military tract, lying on the Co-ne-se-wae-ta creek. It was 
the more agreeable as a small settlement of French families had been al- 
ready commenced. Fortune, which had so long frowned on all his attempts 
at making a living, now seemed to relent. For three years in a land of 
strangers, with an imperfect knowledge of their language, destitute of all 
things but his head and his hands wherewith to procure a support for him- 
self and brother, he was many times tempted to give up in despair, and 
cease any further struggles for existence. But his buoyant French heart 
enabled him to resist such thoughts, and kept him afloat in fcke wide sea of 
life. His business now was to explore the lands of that wilderness region 
and sell them to actual settlers. He had also to superintend the erection of 
mills on the creek, for which his architectural studies had well prepared 



140 Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

him. Having many men under his care, who were often wounded with 
their edge tools in addition to the sickness which attends all new settlements 
in the summer and autumn, his medical knowledge was daily called into 
active service, as he was the only man in a distance of thirty or forty miles 
who had any skill in medicine. It was, however, a work of necessity and 
mercy, as he had not at that time any expectation of following this profession 
for a living, or even dreamed of the popularity and fame that awaited his 
future life, when he was to become a physician in Ohio. A store of mer- 
chandise was also placed under his care by Mr. Walker, of which he re- 
ceived a portion of the profits. Potash was largely manufactured in the 
new settlements, and taken in exchange for goods. This was sold at an 
advance in New York, and his gains increased rapidly in the course of two 
years. In 1796 he married a Miss Content Chamberlain of Unadilla, N. 
Y., whose father kept a public house, and with her had become acquaint- 
ed in his journeys to New York. In the year 1800 he exchanged his 
profits in the store for a drove of horses, which was sold to a dealer in Lou- 
isburgh, N. Y., who failed to make payment. This loss, together with that 
of a debt in the city for five hundred dollars, made him a bankrupt, and left 
him as destitute of worldly goods as he was after his shipwreck on the Ohio, 
in 1792. He now had a w r ife and two children to provide for, and must 
make one more effort for a living. A lingering desire to see once more the 
beautiful shores of the Ohio, on which he had labored and suffered so 
much, still continued to haunt his imagination ; and more especially his 
brother Modeste, now arrived at manhood, never ceased to importune 
him to return. Having now no means of commencing again in merchan- 
dise, although while he remained in Louisburgh a kind-hearted Parisian 
had employed him in a store, he finally concluded to enlarge his stock of 
knowledge in the healing art by studying a year under his friend, Doctor 
Lamoine of Washington, Pa. The larger portion of the year 1802 was 
passed in diligent application with that eccentric teacher, and witnessing his 
practice at the bedside. He now returned to his wife and children, whom 
lie had left with her father at Unadilla, and soon after decided on moving 
to Ohio. After a wearisome journey across the mountains to Wheeling, he 
embarked on the river and landed at Marietta, in November, 1803. Mon- 
sieur Thiery, an honest baker of bread and one of the French emigrants, 
offered him for a home a hundred' acres of land on Duck creek, nine miles 
from the Ohio, in the present township of Fearing, which he purchased on 
a credit and moved immediately out. The country at this time was in a 
manner a wilderness, with here and there a settler along the borders of the 
creeks, without roads or bridges ; but he was young and in the vigor of 
manhood, determined to do all he could for the support of his family. A 
log cabin was soon erected by the aid of the neighbours, who were always 
ready to assist any one who came among them. It was soon spread through 
the country that the new settler was u a French doctor," and as there was 
no one of this calling within a circuit of twenty or thirty miles, except in 
Marietta, he was directly employed by the sick in all directions. Being a 
very active pedestrian, he for several months visited his patients who were 
within six or eight miles distance on foot, travelling at the rate of four or 
live miles an hour, the speed of an ordinary horse. This course was pur- 
sued until, in addition to other expenses, he had earned enough to purchase 
a horse without incurring a debt. During the first years of his settlement 
on the creek there was an unusual amount of sickness, especially of bilious 
fever, in the treatment of which he was eminently successful, rarely losing 
a patient. There were also many cases of surgery, wounds from axes, and 



1840.] Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. 141 

fractured limbs, which he dressed in the neatest and most rapid manner. 
There was one case so singular that it is worth preserving, of a man who 
was thought to be mortally injured from a falling tree, which caught him 
under the extreme branches, bruising his flesh all over as if whipped with 
a thousand rods. So many blows parallzed the heart and rendered him as 
cold as a dead man. The doctor immediately ordered a large sheep to be 
killed and the skin stripped hastily oil', wrapping the naked body of the man 
in the hot, moist covering of the animal. The effect was like a charm on 
the patient, removing all the bruises and the soreness in a few hours. So 
great was his success in treating diseases, that in one or two years he Mas 
ol'ten called to advise with the physicians of Marietta in difficult cases. In 
1800 the profits of his business enabled him to afford pecuniary aid to his 
brother Francis, who had been forced to leave the island of St Domingo, 
and was now living in great destitution in the city of Baltimore. So con- 
siderable was this assistance that it enabled him to establish himself again 
in merchandise. In 1809 his brother came out to Ohio and proposed to 
enter into partnership with him in a store at Marietta. As there was no 
opportunity for educating his children in the country, he consented to the 
change. In August, during the journey the doctor had to make to Wheel- 
ing on account of the goods for the store, his brother Modeste, who had 
been married for some time and lived on the same farm, was attacked with 
the epidemic fever which prevailed that summer all over the country from 
the falls of the Ohio to Wheeling. In many places it was very fatal, es- 
pecially in Marietta. On his return he found him in the last stage of 
the disease, and in a day or two after he died. The shock of his death 
quite overwhelmed the doctor, especially as he thought had he been at 
home he could have saved him, and for sonic flays he neglected all busi- 
ness, to mourn for his (bar departed brother. In February, 1808, he gave 
up the farm and moved into Marietta, entering into partnership with Fran- 
cis in the sale of merchandise, for which his former experience, polite, agree- 
able manners, and handsome person eminently fitted him. His reputation 
already established as a skilful physician, was well known to the inhabitants 
of Marietta, and he was often called on to attend them in sickness, which, 
with the demands made on him from his old patrons in the country, kept 
him constantly employed. In the autumn of 1808 his brother became dis- 
satisfied with the amount of sales, and with the doctor's consent moved the 
merchandise to the town of St. Genevieve, in the newly acquired territory 
of Upper Louisiana. Soon after this he purchased a drug store and added 
the sale of medicine to his other business. Success attended all his endeav- 
ors, and his wealth increased in full ratio with his family, which finally em- 
braced six sons and a daughter. About the year 1814, he enlarged his 
possessions in town by the purchase of a city square, which he immediately 
commenced improving by planting fruit trees and laying out a large flower 
garden ornamented with arbors and walks, for which his fine taste peculiar- 
ly fitted him. So long as this garden remained in his possession it far ex- 
celled all others in town. It was a model from which divers individuals 
highly improved their own, and ultimately implanted a permanent taste for 
this refining art to the citizens of Marietta. He was an original member of 
the first incorporated medical society of Ohio, in 1812, and remained a use- 
ful associate until the time of his death. In 1818 he was elected by the 
people one of the county commissioners, and assisted in drafting the model 
for the court house built in 1822. In May, 1819, he sold his property in 
town to Doctor Cotton, and purchased three hundred and twenty acres of 
Congress lands on Duck creek, twenty-two miles from Marietta, and moved 



142 Early Physicians of Marietta , Ohio. [April, 

out his family. To this change he was partly led on account of the numb( r 
of his sons, whom he wished to establish on farms, together with a desire of 
conducting improvements on a larger scale for the benefit of the country. 
During the following year he built a flouring and saw mill, with a brick 
dwelling house, while through his influence greater improvements in roads 
and bridges were accomplished in that time than in ten previous years. 
The adjacent country was covered with a forest, but the soil was rich, and 
in a few years not a quarter section remained without a family, so great an 
impulse had his name and character given to the settlement. When he left 
Marietta his intention was to quit the practice of medicine and devote his 
time to the farm; but the inhabitants far and near ceased not to importune 
him to assist them with his well known skill in their sicknesses, to which his 
innate kindness of heart could not say nay. Worn down with the cares of 
his improvements and an extensive practice, he in August, 1821, was at- 
tacked with a bilious remittent, then prevailing in that vicinity, which as- 
sumed the congestive type and destroyed his life in a few days, while in his 
fifty-second year, and in the midst of his usefulness. In person Dr. Regn- 
ier was of a medium height with a stout, active frame, features well formed, 
full blue eyes, and a countenance expressive of benignity and intelligence. 
His head was finely formed, and becoming early bald, gave him an appear- 
ance of age beyond his years. Close observation and accurate discrimina- 
tion of all the phases and shades of diseases gave him wonderful tact in 
prognosis, the base of all successful practice, while his knowledge of the 
proper remedies rendered him very successful in their application. His 
colloquial powers were unrivalled, and at the bedside his cheerful conver- 
sation, aided by the deep interest he actually felt in the welfare of the sick, 
with his kind, delicate manner of imparting his instructions, always left his 
patients better than he found them, and formed a lasting attachment to his 
person in all who fell under his care. His death was lamented as a seri- 
ous calamity, and no physician in this region of country has since fully filled 
the place he occupied in the public estimation. 

His children are yet living and rank amongst our best citizens. Two of 
them are physicians, and the others engaged in merchandise. 



DOCTOR SAMUEL PRESCOT HILDRETH 

Was the son of Doctor Samuel Hildreth, and born in the town of Methuen, 
Essex county, Massachusetts, the 30th of Sept., 1783. The old mansion 
house stands about a mile north of the present manufacturing town of Law- 
rence, on the river Merrimac. The great ancestor of all of this name in 
Massachusetts was Richard Hildreth. It is uncertain in what year he em- 
igrated from England, but his name is found amongst a company of twenty 
men from the towns of Woburn and Concord, who petitioned the General 
Court of Massachusetts Bay, in the year 1652, "for a tract of land lying on 
the west side of Concord^ or Mus-ke-ta-quid river," where the petitioners 
say "they do find a very comfortable place to accommodate a company of 
Gol's people upon." The petition was granted, and a settlement founded, 
which proved to be very prosperous. From the date on an old grave-stone 
standing a few years since in the burying-ground, it is ascertained that he 
was born in the year 1012. The subject of this brief sketch was of the 
sixth generation from Richard the progenitor. His early life, until he was 
fifteen years old, was passed on a farm, in the labors of which he actively 
engaged, thereby acquiring the habit of industry and laying the foundation 
of a vigorous, healthy frame of body for after life. 



1840.] Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. 143 

The amusements of the youth of that period were all of the athletic kind, 
such as running, Leaping, and wrestling, promoting still further the develop- 
ment of the muscular system. When a small boy a taste for reading was 
imbibed from a social library established iii the town at an early day, which 
remained a durable habit After receiving a- good an education a- the 
schools of the town afforded, lie was sent to Phillips' Academy in Andover 
then under the Care of that veteran teacher Mark Newman, Esq., whost 
name is yet venerated by hundreds in the Onit< d States who received the 
benefit of his sage instructions, lie here commenced the study of Latin. 
Four seasons being spent at this and the Franklin Academy in the north 
parish, he was prepared in the languages and other branchi a for i ntering 
college. Instead of completing a college course, lie, however, entered on the 
study of medicine under the instruction of Doctor Thomas Kittredge of An- 
dover, who stood at the head of his profession in that part el' the state as a 

surgeon, and had constantly a number of pupils under his care. More than 

a year was devoted to school teaching, chiefly in Andover ami Bradford, as 
was common to the young men of limited m< ans who studied a profession, 
and was time profitably bestowed in the improvement of their own facultii - 
as well as those of the scholars. After the usual period of study la- attend- 
ed a course of medical lectures at Cambridge University, and received a 
diploma from the Medical Society of Massachusetts, in February, 1805. In 
May following he commenced the practice of medicine in Hempstead, N. 
II., boarding in the family of .John True, Esq., whose brother, Dr. Jabez 

True, was living in Marietta, Ohio. Learning from him that this town 
afforded a good opening for a young man. ho decided on leaving the land of 
his fathers and trying his fortune in the "far west," which from boyhood he 
had desired to see. He left the parental hearth, thru in Haverhill, Mass., 

early in September, 1800, on horseback, and arrived at .Marietta the -1th of 
October following. The State of Ohio was in it- third year, and contained 
about eighty thousand inhabitants, amongst which tin re was no one with 
whom he was acquainted. It was a land of strangers; hut he was young, 
and his heart buoyant with hope and expectation of good fortune. He -oon 
obtained a share of the practice, the only physicians then being Dr. True 
and Dr. Hart. Dr. Leonard had recently died, and Dr. Mcintosh had 
abandoned medicine. His rides sometime- extended to thirty miles through 
the wilderness, the settlements being "few and far between." Belprie, a 
flourishing town of New Englanders, fourteen miles below on the Ohio, be- 
ing destitute of a doctor, he was invited by some of the leading inhabitants 
to come and be their physician. He went there on the 10th of December, 
the night on which the celebrated Blennerhasset left his fairy island, in sight. 
of his boarding house, to join the Utopian expedition of Aaron Burr. In 
the summer of 1807 an epidemic malarious fever prevailed all along the 
valley of the Ohio for several hundred miles, where there were any inhab- 
itants, and scarcely a family in Belprie escaped an attack in some form. 
More than a hundred cases of fever came under his care, which he was so 
fortunate as to treat in a successful manner, as there were only three deaths 
in all that number. In Marietta the disease was much more fatal. Some 
of the worst cases nearly resembled the yellow fever. In August of that 
year he married Miss Rhoda Cook, from New Bedford, Mass. Late in the 
autumn, from over exertion in riding, he had an attack of inflammation of 
the hip joint, which continued for several months, and so greatly incommod- 
ed him on horseback that in March, 1808, he moved back to Marietta, 
where the practice was less laborious. Here he has remained until this 
time, a period of forty years, constantly engaged in his profession. In the 



144 Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

spring of 1S08 he wrote a history of the epidemic of the preceding year, 
which was published in the tenth volume of the New York Medical Repos- 
itory. In 1810 and 1811 he was elected a representative of the State Leg- 
islature, and in the latter year drafted a bill for the regulation of the prac- 
tice of medicine and establishing medical societies, which passed into a law, 
and remained in force with various modifications until the year 1819, when 
all laws on the subject were repealed. In 1812 a description of the Amer- 
ican Colombo, with a drawing of the plant, appeared in the same work, Vol. 
XV. In 1822 two articles were published in the twenty-second volume of 
the same journal, from his pen, on Hydrophobia, and a curious case of Si- 
amese twins, in his obstetric practice. In L v 22 and 1823 the great w r estern 
epidemic fever prevailed through the valley of the Ohio, visiting Marietta 
and the adjacent country with great virulence, few persons escaping its at- 
tack in a population of two thousand souls. In the summer and autumn 
of 1822 he visited daily from sixty to eighty patients in town and country; 
being constantly occupied from sixteen to eighteen hours in every twenty- 
four. In August, 1823, he was himself attacked with the prevailing fever, 
but arrested its course in a few days by taking Jesuit's bark in quarter 
ounce doses, every two hours, alternated with a solution of arsenic. Sul- 
phate of Quinine had not then come into use in Ohio, or by it many valua- 
ble lives might have been saved. It was, however, a trial of medicine, to 
which few patients would submit. The year following a full history of this 
epidemic was written and published in the Journal of Medical Science at 
Philadelphia, and in 1825 an article on the minor diseases or sequela of the 
great epidemic, in the Western Journal of Medicine at Cincinnati. In 1826 
a series of articles written in 1819, on the natural and civil history of Wash- 
ington county, were published in Silliman's Journal of Science, with a draw- 
ing and description of the Spalularia, or Spoon-bill Sturgeon, found in the 
waters of the Ohio. This w r as followed in 1827 with descriptions and 
drawings of several undescribed fresh water shells found in the Muskingum 
river and other streams. From 182G to the present time he has published 
annually a journal of the. weather, amount of rain, flowering of plants, ripen- 
ing of fruits, &c., in the same periodical, concentrating an amount of facts 
that may be useful to the future writers on the climate of Ohio. In 1830 
an article on the history of the Cicada Septemdecim, or ''North American 
Locust," with drawings of the insect; "The Saliferous rock formation," 
with a history of the manufacture of Salt, from the first settlement of Ohio;" 
"Ten days in Ohio," being a geological description of the region from Ma- 
rietta to Chillicothe, by way of Zanesville; "The geology and coal forma- 
tion of the valley of the Ohio," with numerous plates of fossils, and "The 
Diary of a Naturalist," on the same subject, all appeared in annual succes- 
sion, from 1832 to 1836. The materials and facts for these articles were 
collected during journeys of ten or twelve days over the districts described, 
and by correspondence with intelligent individuals in tracts of country not 
personally visited. In 1832 he wrote a history of the floods in the Ohio 
river since the first settlement of the country, with a particular account of 
the disasters of the memorable flood of Feb., 1832, which was published in 
the first volume of the transactions of the Historical Society of Ohio. In 
1837 he was engaged in examining and reporting on the geology of Ohio, 
in company with other geologists employed by the state. In 1839 he de- 
livered an address to the Medical Society of Ohio, of which he was then 
president, at Cleveland, being a history of the diseases and climate of the 
southeastern portion of Ohio since its first settlement; which was printed by 
the society. In 1830 he commenced in earnest the collection of a cabinet 



is i y.] / / ■ • 

i 

i 

: 
! 

i 



i 
s . His 

Sri t u a t I J I v i ' 

; ! 

i 
i ' I 

1 

commoi I ! 

S 
:ii tin earl 
\ - ■■ . Ith< igb nol ■ 
tint <»t' any other in tl j •• ] I - 

he particular!} »'\.-< 11. .1 in lo^ic and m< I 

u IIis 



146 Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

and unassuming," thereby sharing largely in the good will of the faculty. 
He graduated in 1810, soon after which he was the preceptor of an acad- 
emy in Framingham, and while there commenced the study of medicine 
under Dr. John Kittredge of that town. He subsequently attended the 
medical lectures in Boston, and took the degree of Doctor of Medicine at 
Cambridge, in 1814. 

Soon after taking his medical degree he commenced the practice of med- 
icine in Andover, but left there in a short time for Salem, at the urgent re- 
quest of the Rev. Dr. Worcester, who wished him to occupy the place lately 
vacated by Dr. Muzzy. In August, 1815, he married Miss Susan Buek- 
minster of Framingham, Mass., whose family was nearly related to Doctor 
Buckminster of Portsmouth, and the gifted Joseph S. Buckminster of Bos- 
ton. The harsh, chilly atmosphere and changeable climate of the sea coast 
of New England not agreeing with his rather delicate constitution, Dr. Cot- 
ton decided on removing to the milder region of the valley of the Ohio, and 
arrived in Marietta with his wife in November, 1815, in company with Dr. 
Jacob Kittredge of Salem, who sought a more temperate home on the same 
account. Directly after his arrival he commenced the practice of medicine 
on the west side of the Muskingum river, which soon yielded a support for 
his family. In the course of the following year he entered zealously into 
the enterprise of establishing Sabbath Schools, a mode of instructing the 
young in morality and religion then unknown in the valley of the Ohio. 
In this laudable effort he found many willing to aid and encourage him 
amongst the influential inhabitants. In 1816 one was opened on the west 
side of the river, and two on the east side. From thence onward he was a 
constant teacher in this valuable institution of righteousness to the time of 
his death, a period of thirty years. For the last few years he had a class 
of young ladies under his charge, the larger portion of whom became mem- 
bers of the Congregational church. That he might be able to explain more 
fully some of the darker passages of the Old Testament, he took up the 
study of Hebrew after he was forty years old, and was soon able to read in 
the original the words of eternal life His library abounded in works on 
divinity, equalling in number those of many preachers of the gospel, show- 
ing it to be a subject in which his heart was deeply engaged. He had 
studied the Scriptures from his youth, and united himself with the church 
before his marriage. Soon after his settlement in Ohio he became an as- 
sociate of the Medical Society in this district, and was for a portion of the 
time its president, as well as that of the State Medical Society, after the 
districts were abolished. In the year 1824 he was chosen a representative 
in the Legislature from Washington county, which post he filled with credit 
to himself and the benefit of his constituents, forming while at Columbus 
lasting attachments between himself and many members from different por- 
tions of the state. The Legislature of Ohio in 1825 elected him an associ- 
ate judge of the Court of Common Pleas, which appointment was renewed 
from time to time until the period of his death. To this station he was 
eminently adapted by his calm, considerate turn of mind, sound judgment, 
and thorough knowledge of the principles of law, which he had studied with 
great care, as well as the statutes of the State, by which he was guided. 
He was a man who did not live, like many others, entirely for himself, but 
took delight in diffusing the brilliancy of his own mind on those aronnd 
him. The stores of classical and scientific knowledge laid up in his colle- 
giate course were often spread before the public in lectures delivered in the 
Marietta Lyceum and to the scholars in the Female Seminary. His favor- 
ite subject w r as Astronomy, which he elucidated in a familiar and easy 



1849. ] A Record f<fr Imitation, 147 

manner, aided by diagrams of bis own construction. It was tbe portion of the 
vasl work of creation which above all others displayed the majesty of God, 
a theme on which h<- delighted to dwell. Hi> familiarity with the classics, 
especially those of the Latin language, is another proof of his scholarship, as 
he composed and delivered in thai tongue addresses on sev< ral occasions, 
especially al the installation of the first president of Marietta College, show- 
ing his familiarity and command over a subject that had Ions lain idle in the 
rehouse , of his memory. When the college was incorporated, in 1836, 
he was one of the original trustees, and for some years the presiding offio r 
of the board. Amongst his other posts of distinction was that of trustee <>f 
the Medical College of Ohio j an Institution patronized by the State. The 
weight of his character and influence was always -_ r i \ < • n to what be tl 
to be tin; cause of truth, not only in religion, morals, and science, but also 
in politics, holding that all good men should exercise a jealous care over the 
ballot box, and not abandon it to demagogues. Embracing with zeal what- 
ever was Por the good of the country, he acted as chairman of the "Whig 
Central Committee of Washington county" for Beveral vears, discharging 
the duties of that vexatious post with energy and fidelity, having the satis- 
faction of seeing the measures recommended by the illustrious man whose 
name it hears generally triumphant As a medical man he stood d< b< rved- 
\y high among bis brethren, being often called in council in difficult 
not only in Marietta, but the adjacenl town-. He was a skilful operator in 
surgery, as well a> a successful practitioner of physic. When in the Bick 
room his pleasing manner, kind address, and mild expression of face, won 
the entire confidence of the sick and greatly endeared him to the families in 
the circle of his practice. "Thinking no evil," and far from Bpeaking any 
of his fellow-men, he was a friend to all and received in return their confi- 
dence and good will in do ordinary degree. He was the model of a Ch 
tian gentleman. His death was sudden and unexpected, alter a brief illness 

of three or four days ; but the BOlemn messenger found him ready ai d 

"watching tor the coming of his Lord." He died on the 2d of April, L847, 
aged 55 years. 

[Note to the Life of Dr. Wm. B. Leon lb.d.— In the wide range and 

severe search of the author of the History of Newbury, he was not able to 
discover whence came this singular individual, or what became of him. All 
he could learn about him was contained in an advertisement which he i 
tracted into his work, under 17'.'."). As the advertisement is curious as well 
as characteristic, we here insert it : 

"He sfates, that he had been a physician thirty-five years, and that *a 
kind Providence has enabled him to spring out of the iron chains of tyranny, 
horror, devastation, and murder to the only summit of liberty under the sun, 
and where the diadem of a despo! was hurled down to the bottomless abyss/" 
— Ed.] 



A RECORD FOR IMITATION. 

Daniel AYetherell Esq. dyed on the 14 th day of April. 1710. in the morn- 
ing at sun about an hour high, being in the 89* year of his age. He was 
born Nov. 20. 1630 at the free school house, in Maidston in the county of 
Kent in Old England. — New London Records, Vol. I. p. 72, furnished by 
Mr. Edwin Hubbard of West Meriden, Conn. 



148 



Woburn Burying- Ground. 



[April, 



WOBURN BURYING-GROUND. 

[Communicated by Mr. N. Wyman, Jr. — Continued from p. 46.] 



Thompson Ebenezer of Charlston 
Cotton Here lyes the Remains of 

Mrs Elisabeth Cotton 

Daughter of the Rev d 

Roland Cotton late of 

Sandwich Deas d who Died 

A Virgin Octo br 12 th 1742 
JEtatis 46. 

if a virgin Marry she hath not sinned. 
Nevertheless Such shall have trouble in the flesh. 
But he that giveth he not in marriage doeth better. 
She is happier if She so abide. 

Dea Joseph Nov 

Ensign Samuel Dec 

Esther Wid of Eleazer Sept 

Hepzabah w of Jabez Jan 

Ruel s of James & Ruth 
Jabez 

Ebenezer July 

Anna w of Jabez of Falmouth [Portland] Aug 
Elisabeth d of Isreal & Hannah Dec 9 1747 

Mar 



Apr 19 1741 58 



Hartwell 

Wyman 

Flagg 

Brooks 

Baldwin 

Brooks 

Flagg 

Fox 

Reed 

Snow 

Brooks 

Richardson 

Tay 

tt 

Wright 

Richardson 

Richardson 

Thompson 

Richardson 

Cotton 

Salter 

Walker 

Holding 

Hay ward 

Richardson 

Brooks 

Richardson 

Wyman 

Wright 

Riehardson 

Sawyer 

Carter 

Brooks 

Wyman 



Timothy 

Sarah w of Nathan 

Abigail d of Jonathan & Abigail 

Mary d of William & Abigail 

Ruth 

Dea Josiah 

Eunice w of Joshua 

Hannah w of Jacob 

Samuel 

Joshua 

Susanna d of Rev Josiah & Susanna 

Thomas of Boston Merchant 

Mary wid of Samuel formerly w of James 

Foul Esq 
Mary w of John 
Doc* Jonathan 
Daniel 

Benjamin s of Benjamin & Susanna Sept 
John 

Phebe w of David 
Rachel wid of Joseph 
Bridget w of Dea Stephen 
Mary wid of Joshua 
Susanna w of Thomas 
Nathan 

Esther w of Benjamin 
Elisabeth d of '< & Esther 

[To be continued.] 



14 1743 63 
28 1743 55y 
18 1744 70 

1 1745 75 
Feb 21 1745-6 3y 2m 

Auo- 30 174G 74y 

10 1746 68y 
5 1746 43 

10 wanting 9 d 

11 1747 74y 
Feb 21 1747 40-6-3 

Oct 27 1747 25 
May 5 1747 ly 10m 
Jan 15 1747 10-4-9 
Jan 22 1747 73y 
Apr 13 1748 29 
Sept 7 1748 69 
May 13 1748 43 
Nov 5 1748 68 
Aug 3 1748 lOy 

2 1748 62 



Aug 



23 1748 80 
21 1749 49 
13 1749 45 

20 1749 57 
1 1749 8 weeks 4 ds 

)ct 29 1749 81-2m 5d 
Nov 24 1750 55y 

21 1750 55y 
1750 76 

23 1751 69 
12 1751 57 
6 1751 45 
16 1751 44y 



Oct 
Nov 

Aug 
Apr 



June 

July 

Oct 

Aug 

Jan 

Sept 



Aug 26 1751 4 days 



[849.] a Q *f the Rolf e F 



S< >Mi: MATERl VLS TOW IRDS \ I IEN EA1 < »I T 

FAMILY 01 I III. \ 01 KOL] 



' . - 




Rolfe is th( 
Ra ph t /:■■■.. 

ed from R ' 

family of R 

■■; Rocbi 

No pei 

it <li-ti!i.ii. 

nam. <\ er \ erj oommon in I 
have been ■ <• in the lo 

'I'll.' Armorial bearin 

ROLPBof D 

a trefoil i 

1 v < • i i i of Chisl< 

\ .-I •. -- i;«.i i £ ' 

1 

- Ro LP B. A 

borne by S. C. E. Nktilli Rolfi 

of R >lfe by roval license, 19 April, 1837 

late Edward 1 Esq. CJ 

or an 

within ;i bordure ai I 

thei vi. uit a i' 

Tli" follow ing an I: 

the will of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of H< n ford, daled M on I 
following St. Denis, [0 
John R « In*, in tin- obscurity of 

\\ .v ;"^ mav be an expected BOH of the 

When the "sun ej of Doi 

IId 1 /' DOSS< 58( <1 the manor linn rail' '1 Chei : 

vonshirej none of the name appear to have been there in th< Ed- 

ward tin- Confessor, but ;i person .!_ . of Buckfastleigh. 

We find a Ralph (time of the Conquest) at ChiveU ■■ in the 

of Devon.J 
In 1 117, WUHam Ralph was a bailiff of Brisl 1.1 

• Remainet Concerning Britaine, S5,cd.-i° 1637. $ T •. i. 67. 

1 MS. of H G. Somerby, Esq. 1 • ' • who, Ix. 

I General Armory, ed. 1817. * Bl I T tt*S Hut. Bristol, 6S0. 



150 Materials towards a Genealogy of the Rolfe Family. [April, 

In 1532, Robert Rolf was one of the executors of the will of Lord Ber- 
ners, (the well known translator of Froissart. ) He was then recorder of 
Calais.* 

Robert Rolf of Hadley, co. Suffolk, m. Bridget, fifth dau. of Edward 
"Wright of Sutton Hall in the same county. George "Wright, brother of 
Edward, m. in 1542. Bridget, dau. of Robert Rolfe, Esq., m. Richard 
Champney, who d. 1653.f 

There was a family of Rolfe at Harwich in the county of Essex, of great 
respectability, two centuries ago ; the names of the members of which are 
spelt with nearly all the variations to be found at the commencement of this 
memoir. From some circumstances we hazard the opinion that the Rolfs 
of New England are of this family. Between 1612 and 1620, Mr. Edward 
Rafe [Rolfe] was mayor of Harwich. In 1636, Mr. John Rolfe was 
mayor of that place, and in 1643 he was again chosen to the same office. 
In 1674, Mr. John Rolfe (not the same) was mayor, and again a second 
time in 1665. And as late as 1728, a Mr. George Rolf was mayor of that 
borough. 

In the church-yard of Harwich are some monuments to the family of 
Rolfe. On one of black marble we read — 

Here lyes Inter'd the Body of 
Iohn Rolfe Gentleman who 
Departed this Life on the 2 d day of 
Octobr: 1717. in the 75 Year of 
his Age who was married to his 
Wife Elizabeth 54. Years 
And had issue by her six Sons 

And Three Daughters 
Here Lyeth also the Body of 
M rs Elizabeth Rolfe Wife to 
M r Iohn Rolfe who Departed 
this Life the 23 d Dav of August 

1721 Aged 76 Years. 

On another stone — 

" Three sons of Geo : Rolfe & Martha his wife," 
viz. John, George and John; all in infancy 1709-11. 

William Rolfe was one of the executors of the will of the eccentric 
and vastly rich Henry Smyth of London, 1627 + 

There was a Captain (though oftener, perhaps, styled Major) Rolfe, of 
extensive notoriety in the time of the " Civil War." He was accused of 
attempting the life of the king (Charles I.) The matter was long under 
the consideration of Parliament, and at the restoration he was brought to 
trial, but was eventually discharged on the ground of his being non compos 
mentis.^ 

In the lGth of Charles II., Abraham Rolfe, clerk, had erected at Lus- 
ham, near Greenwich in Kent, two Free Schools and an Almshouse || 

Of what family Mr. John Rolf was, who married the world renowned 
Indian princess Pocahontas, we are not able to state. There cannot, 
however, be much doubt that he was of some of the families enumerated 
above ; and we hope at some time to be able to show the connection of all 

* Testamenta Vetusta, ii. 659. 
t Burke's Commoners. 
J Dale's History of Harwich, 42, et seq. 

\ In the Parliamentary History, Clarendon, Prince's Worthies, and other works of th« 
time, are numerous and curious particulars respecting this affair. 
II Gibson in Camden, i. 222. 



1^19.] Material* G y of flu ft . F \ily, 151 

these families, and those with thai of New England, if any ever i listed 
The gentleman who married Po ntas bad one son, bul tb left 

nu male posterity. In the female line, how< \ er, are descended the Bollii 
Randolphs, Blands, and many other di tinguished families of Vii 

We come now i<> the family of Kolfe in New England. The following is 
the article concerning them in Parmer*! i jical U< 

RoLFl Him wn v. v •'■■ ■. 1641. Hi vi'Mis t 

ter of Haverhill, was son of B I 13 S< 2 [Coffin.] t H 

C. 1 68 1. ordained in Jan 1694 > I •••• • lain bj the I 

i (6. I » vm i r.. I"/i: v ;ii' I 'I'n 'M is v - i rich ill 1 1 I ] 

Rolfc died in $ ' .Ions 

one of the fli I 
i i. and d. 9 I. '• . 1663. ilia last irifi . M irj i 

For much of the above, 9 n, Farmer i cd to tl his- 

torian of Newbury, In I rk Mr. Coffin I <\ som< I 

mer's article, bul he was nol lo establish or define .■■ • hip be- 

tween many of the membi amily \\ hi. I Froi 

he has ,L'i\ en and s< \ i ral i in'_ r pedigi ee is 

Honour K<>i i e appi ara lo have been tin two ,,r 

more Newbury em i gran I ! L this per- 

son came to America. 

i 



1 

III 


1 
Jon 




Si 1 lmr\ . 1 1 


i <i.. 


" 1 




M.ir . LI 1. 




1 










1 

.Inlui d. 


16 Rfb* 1 


9 






1 


Jen . LI 


LI ! .< 


1 ■ \ 














\ny , 








I ; . .1 1> 


I .-j8. 








Kv 








1 


9 


4 




John, b r rothy. 


■i. 1. V, • h 8 


1 




let., 1 




' 




1 ii 




I 


(Ml 


11 M 




r\ . 


1 




wrhill.) 


1 'I kil. 








John, 24 Joni 


. ) li.- 


1 1 \ 1 1 . 






March, b " ( 


ih ! 


29 Ug., 






1691. 1 '• 


1. 






Aug 


6 


7 


8 




Mary, 11 


, ia '. 12 


May, 


Nov., 1674. 


Ocl . L677. Dee., I6i». Hoi 








1 







Mary,=iEstei B< In, 2 John, in, tbeth, Ret Rami, l acta 

5' Mar., II . ch S< 2 Juh , L Pepl L Fept., Choi . , 1 i 

of Dor- \ a l •" i 1690, L702 Indl 

8 Log., 1 - An; 1708 

r. y. ' s. y. 

The iv arc several items on the records at Haverhill about other branches 
of the Rolfe family, which we arc unable at present to dispose of except by 
giving them an insertion in our work as we find them. 

Ezra Rolfs m. Abigail Bond, 2 March, 1676, and had 1, Abigail, b. 



* Nothing in Smith's Hist, of Virginia to throw li^M on ilic pnrentpp-e of F.o tfe. 
t See pp. 55, 56, and 57 of the present number. — Ed. 

J For the facts respecting the Haverhill branch, we arc indebted to Me. James S» 
Loring of Boston, member of the N. E. Hist Gen. Soc. 



152 Longevity. [April, 

17 Sept., 1677; 2, Ezra, b. 24 Nov., 1680; 3, Daniel, b. 14 Feb., 1685; 
4, Mary, and 5, Martha, b. 23 Nov., 1687. Mr. Ezra Rolfe, Sen., was 
wounded and taken prisoner by the Indians on the 17 Oetober, 1G8U and 
died on the 20th following. 

Daniel Rolfe m. Mercy Pattee, and had 1, Samuel, b. 30 June, 1718; 
2, Mary, 11 April, 1720. 

Nathaniel Rolfe m. Hannah Rolfe, and had 1. William, b. 5 March, 
1748; 2, Benjamin, d. 30 Oct./l749 ; 3, Judith, b. 25 Nov., 1750; 

4, Benjamin, b. 31 May, 1753. 

EPITAPH. 

Enclosed in this tomb is the body of the reverend, pious find 
learned man Benjamin Rolfe, who was a most faithful 
pastor of the Church of Christ in Haverhill. He was bar- 
barously slain by the enemy at his own house, on the 
morning of the Sabbath, 29th of August in the year 
of Our Lord 1703, and in the 46th of his ministry. 

Not having the acquaintance or knowledge of a single individual of the 
name of Rolfe, the writer of this article may be excused for his apparent 
dearth of information respecting the family. He hopes that what is here 
given may meet the eye of some descendants, and prompt them to look into 
the matter, and to communicate the result of their inquiries. 

Since the above was in type we have received* the following additional 
particulars : 

A daughter of John Rolfe m. a Rin^;. His £randchildren were John. 
Joseph, and Esther. A John Saunders m. Esther Rolfe, dau. of John. 

Hester, wife of John Rolfe, d. 3 June, 1647. 

" The Confidence of London, 200 Tons, John Johnson Master, sailed 
April, 1C38, having 110 passengers. Among them were John Sanders, 
aged 25, and Sara his wife, from Lamford, Wilts Co. William Cottle, 
Servant. John Rolfe, aged 50, and Ann his wife and 2 Sons, John and 
Thomas, 4 years and under, from Melchitt Parke, Wilts Co." 

It is presumable that the John Rolfe here mentioned is the same who d. 
8 Feb., 1GG4, but further than that we cannot at present go. 



LONGEVITY. 



At one of the late anniversary meetings in Boston, Rev. Dr. Pierce, of 
Brookline, remarked, that when first invited to attend this Jubilee, he felt 
that he was too old, but he had since looked into the State of Connecticut, 
and found a clergyman born the 23d of January, 1754, who was now 94 
years old. He was ordained on the 13th of March, 1782. when this white- 
headed man was little short of nine years of age. And what was worthy to 
be mentioned, he had preached ever since 'without a colleague. On his 
sixty-tilth anniversary, he mentioned in his sermon that he had never been 
detained but eleven days during the whole time, from his work. When 
this venerable man — Dr. Nott — w r as asked what was the secret of such a 
long life, and such health and strength, he replied that there were four 
rules: rise early ; live temperate ; work hard; keep cheerful. The chair- 
man, when Dr. Pierce sat down, said, surely nobody can think that Dr. 
Pierce is an old man yet. — TranscrijW, 19th June, 1848. 

* From Joshua Coffin, Esq. 









ftW^d. /n if O^- 







£-n+- 



<* 



Id 




lA. 



V. 



ftl*c£<^'«-T*J' e * L 









*)$ (L*ci ?>i C fa* * 4* fee 






1849.1 Early Record* of Brainford) now Branford, Ct. 153 



EARLY RECORDS OF BRAINFORD, NOW BRANFORD, CT. 

[From materials principally furnished by Mr. Charles M. Taintor of Shelburne, Mass.] 

In the accounts of Branford which we have seen, we do not find any 
reason given why that name was made choice of. It was for a time called 
Brainford, which was probably as correct as Branford, neither giving a 
very precise idea of its probable origin. It is our opinion that it was so 
named after Brentford in England ; if so, its signification is perfectly appar- 
ent. Our fathers have left us much in the dark in respect to the reasons 
they may have had for naming many of our towns ; and although we have 
no Barnstaple, or Brentford, there can be but little doubt that our towns of 
Barnstable and Branford were so named to perpetuate those. 

Whether some of the early inhabitants of Branford came originally from 
Brentford in the county of Middlesex, England, or whether some of their 
friends or connections distinguished themselves on the side of the Parlia- 
ment there in 1612, we have not the means within our reach to decide. 
However, we are told that Branford received its name in 1644. It may 
be interesting to our readers to note that Brentford is early mentioned in 
English history. There was a bloody conflict between Edmund Ironside 
and the Danes here, A. D. 1016, and in the time of Mary, six persons were 
burnt at the stake on account of their religion. The famous battle-ground 
of Hounslow-heath is near it. In its church is an inscription to John Home, 
father to the well known John Home Tooke. The last Duke Schomberg 
was Earl of Brentford. He died in 1719. 

Branford was purchased by the New Haven colonists in December, 1638, 
a few days after they had bought New Haven of Momanquin, sachem of 
that place, then called Quinnipiac. In 1644, a tract of land was sold by 
New Haven to Mr. William Swain and others, for the accommodation of 
those persons in Wethersfield who wished to remove from thence. Sept. 
5th, 1640, the General Court at New Haven made a grant of a tract, the 
Indian name of which was Totokett, to Samuel Eaten, brother of Governor 
Eaton, upon the condition of his procuring a number of his friends from 
England to make a settlement in that tract of country. Mr. Eaton failed 
in fulfilling the conditions. About three years after, the subject was acted 
upon thus : " Totokett, a place lit for a small plantation betwixt New Ha- 
ven and Guilford, and purchased from the Indians, was granted to Mr. 
Swayne and some others in Weathersfield, they repaying the charges, which 
are betwixt £12 and £13, and joining in one jurisdiction with New Haven 
and the fornamed plantations, upon the same fundamental agreement settled 
in October 1643, which, they duly considering, accepted."* 

The following is a verbatim copy of the "New Plantation and 
Church Covenant" of Branford, with its original signers' names: — 

''Jan. 20: 1667 — forasmuch as j rt it appeares y* the undertaking & the 
settlement of this place of Brainford was secured by & for men of congrega^ 
tionall principles as to church orders according to y e platform e of disceplaine 
agreed on by the senate or thare abouts drane from y e word of God in y e 
which we y* remaine hear can say- we have found much peace & quiatnes 
to our great comfort for y e which we desire for to bless God & that it may 
so remaine unto such as do continue thair abode in this place & to such as 

* Nm' Haven Records in Barber's Hut. Cols. Ct. t 188-9. 
10 



15 k Uarlt/ Records of Brain ford, now Branford, Ct. [April. 



shall come in to fill up the rouraes of those y* are removed & that do in- 

tende for to remove from this place of Brainford = wee all do see cause 

now for to agree that an orthodoxe minester of y* judgement shall be called 

in & settled amongste vs =The gathering of such a church shall be Incour- 

aged — The vpholdment of such Church officears shall not want pporshanall 

supplye of maintainence according to Bull — We will not in any waise In- 

croach upon or disturbe the liberties in so walking from time to time & att 

all times Nor will we be any wayes Injurious vnto them in civil or Eccles- 

ticall Bespectes & this wee ffreely & volentarily Ingage ourslves vnto 

Joyntly & severally so long as we remayne Inhabetants in this place & this 

we bind ourselves unto by our subscription unto this agreement It is also 

agreed y* whosoever shall come for purchise or admitted a free planter hear 

shall so subscribe before his admittance or his bargine vallid in law Amongst 

us — 

Jasper Crane 

John "VVilford 

Tho. Blachly 

Samuell Plum 

Mich. Taintor 

John Collens 

Mich. Pamer 

John Ward 

John Linsley 

John Robins 

Robart ffoott 

George Page 

Thomas SutlifF 

Daniell Swaine 

Samuell Pond 

Isaac Bradley 



Jonathan Rose 
Georg Adames 
John Whithead 
Samuell Ward 
Edward Frisbe 
Henry Gratwick 
Mathew Bickatt 
Thomas Harrison 
Thomas Whedon 
George Seward 
Edward Ball 
William Hoadlie 
Eleazer Stent 
John Rogers 
Samuel Bradfeld 
John Charles 



William Roswell 
Edward Barker 
Peter Tyler 
Anthony Howd 
John Adames 
Thomas Sargent 
Moses Blachly 
Jan. Waters 
John ft'risbe 
John Linsley jun r 
William Maltbie 
John Rose 

Bartholomew Goodrich 
John Taintor 
Frances Tyler." 



MICHAEL TAINTOR 

Was one of the principal inhabitants of Branford, drew up the "New Plan- 
tation and Church Covenant" above inserted, still preserved in the records 
in his hand-writing, and he was probably the author of it. A good fac- 
simile of his autography and of the records accompany this article. The 
autograph of a progenitor of a highly respectable race must be viewed by 
his descendants with much satisfaction ; and not only by his descendants, 
but by all true lovers of antiquarian matters. 

Michael Taintor came from Wales, and in 1653 was master of a ves- 
sel trading to Virginia. He afterwards settled in Branford, and died there 
in 1673. In 1667 he was one of four persons "employed and empowered 
by the town of Branford to buy the house and lands of Richard Harrison." 
In 1669 he was of the number chosen by the town to settle certain difficul- 
ties between Branford and New Haven, respecting bounds. The next 
year he was employed upon a like matter relative to the bounds of Bran- 
ford and Guilford. About the same time he was judge of a court at Bran- 
ford, and he was frequently a member of the General Court or Assembly 
of Connecticut. At his decease his estate amounted, as per inventory, to 
£166 4s. lOd. His wife Elizabeth died July, 1659. 



L849.] 



Tainflor Fa 



155 



PEDIGREE 01 I m: TAINTOB i AMin . 

Charles Taintox \t.-is in N. England in L648. Lost at Bea 1654.= 

I 



Michael above Kliz 
noticed. 



I 
Charlei wen! to 

I 



I 



["homes, i. of Rev. \t 

■ 



John, b. M.i\ , 1 1 
I650j al Bran- 
ford, d. Bep1 | 

■ /• 



MIc dell, i' I Elizabeth, 1 v ^ i 



al < lo] 

died 



■ el, wid. ol 
Daniel Bi 



I pr , 

1 1 s; 



- 



Mb ael, deac b. 

\\ indsor, Ct., d 
March. IT". I . a 
01. 



Kim ce 
1712. 



I I I 

b Marj , b. Edw il Mi 

i 



bcth 




i 


Clark 


1710 






ch< 



Eunice, 

b 

1717. ol 

< ■ 



I 
Michael, b. 
81 D( 
1719, ■ 

1748 



:.'|MI||H 
I 



i: 



1 

d. M in .. w 
I d. i 
C 



John, b l. i :■•!,. r Clark, 

Jul'. . I 1T.M 2 

i Bulkley, 
L768 
D 



I 
Marj . b Nov . Col Davi I 
burn. 



b Julj Sai iu( I Lewis of 
1,11 Colchi • r, L729 



I I 

Prudence, l»r John w atrous Sarah, b 

il, 

A 

I 

I 
Joseph, b. Not., 1714 ker, 

l 



Nathaniel \i 

1 784, l 'nun 
i - .'.in , l J 



l ibeth,= x 

• ■ 



John, bap. Jul ■ , 3arah I 
L719 (wid | L746 

R 



June, ' - 17 17 



I'yler, 

i 



Sarah, b. 80 Dec, Lsa Strong 
I'l L746 



L4 M \t of Coletu 

Charh d, 5. ( I, N. H.,a L] ril, i't 

Boldier Ret . d April. IS I 

9 



e, b. Jul i . 
1767. 



Er istus 
ington. 



Charles, b 
Jan . 

d. in infan- 
cy. 



Eunice, b.=C] rua Bill 
Dec, of Lei 

1770 



I 

tl. in Buf- I "lc"r. 
falo, N. V.. Dec. 



I 
Sarah, b.=John 
July, Bulkley 

. i Col- 
chester 



Betsey, 
1777. 



b Dec . =Fos of N 
London. 



Sophia, b. Eeb.,=Daj 
1780. N. i*i 



i ill. b.=Ruth 
July, 1782, Smith 
held i fHad- 

many offices. Srill living dam. 



Budocia, b =Samuel 
Aug., L786 Reid of 
Colches- 
ter. 



Esther=Hon. Joseph Betsey=Capt. ('has. John, b. Sept., 
IshamofCol- Bulkley of 1760, a rev. 

Chester. Colchester, sold., settled 

in Windham, 

Ct., d in New \ ork, 1825. 



I I 

: Charles, b.= Gurshom, b. 

Hoaford 17 Dec, AM..' of May, 1765, 
ofMarl- 1762, Col- Wind- d. Oct., 
boro 1 , cheater, a ham 177" 

rei sold., 

living in Windham. 1S47 



Roger, b.=Nahby Solomon. b.=Judith 
Dec, Hulk- Oct., 1769. Bulk- 

17' 17. ley. ley. 



Salh . b.=Joshua 
Aug., R. Bulk- 
1773. ley. 

E 
I 



I I 

PoUy, b.=6odfrey .Tared. b.=Rebeeca 
May, Grosven- 1746. Linsley. 

1777. or of Pomfrct. 



Sarah, b. Nov., 

1743. 



Norton, 
of Durham, Ct. 



Joseph, b. Sept.,=Mary Wilson of 
1745. Windsor, Ct. 



Elizabeth, b March, 
1748, d. 1751. 



Benjamin, b. 
June, 1751. 



15G 



Will of liiard Haffeeld. 



[April, 



E 



III I 

Lydia, b. —Moses Michael, b.=Martna Sarah, b.=Peter Moul- Asa, b. Sept.,=l, Damaris, Mary, b. 
Jan., Palmer Apr., 1770. Harris. Dec, ton of Orford, 1778, Orford. 2, Elizabeth Sept., 

1771. N. H. Con vers of 1780, d. 

Lyme, N. II. unm. 1813. 



1768, of Orford, 
Colc'r. N. H. 



I I I 

Alfred, b.=Anne Chamberlame Charles, b. 16=Phebe Hubbard Wells John R., b.=Roxa Woodruff, 

March, of Thetford, Vt. April, 1787. of Shelburne, Mass., Apr., 1791. Wolcott, N. Y. 

1785. 1810. She d. 5 June, 

[1848, ae. 62. These were the parents of Mr. Charles Micaiell Taintor, our authority before mentioned. 



WILL OF RIARD HAFFEELD. 

Vpon the 17 th daye of y e 12 th month in ye yeare 1638. I Richard Haf- 
eeld* of Ipswich in New England, being of body weake & feeble, but of 
mind & memory pfectly able to make this my last will & testament — as 
followeth — 

1. To my two oldest daus. mary & Sara £30 apeece — viz. that £30 w h 
I am to rec. of Tho s . fferman for a house sold to Rob*, wallis his man \v ch is 
to be paid at three paiments, £10 at a time, according to y e tenour of a bill, 
this £30 as it is rec d to be devided eqly betxt y m , also 20 acres vpland & 
meadow at Reedy marsh valued at 20£ to be deuided betxt y m prsently af- 
ter rny decease : alsoe 10£ in money or my Cow Calfe to be devided betxt 
y m & in case either of y m dye before theye are posest w th y s my guift then 
my will is y* y e longer liuer to haue y e whole £60 

Alsoe I giue to my 3 younger daus. Martha, Rachell & Ruth, to each of 
y m 30£ apeece, to be p d y m as y a shall com to y e age of 16 yeares old, And 
my will is alsoe, y* y f any one of y m dy before y a attaine to y e age of 16, y* 
y n y e whole £90 to fate [fall] to y e longer liuers or longer liuer, y s s d 90£ 
to be p d y m as afores d I doe enjoy ne my wife to y e true & just paiment of 
it whome I make my executrix of y s my last will & testmt. 

The mark fr 3111 of 
Robert Andrews 

George Giddings 
Wee whose names are vnder written 
do witness y* y e testator at y e same time 
did giue unto his 2 daus. Sara & Mary 
certaine debts owing to him by these 
men 



Goodman Foster 
Richard Waters 
William Avery 
Tho s . Dorman 



3£ 5s 

2 10 

1 

1 
Geo. Giddings 
John Browne 



Geo. Giddings & John Browne 
came into court held at Ipswich 
y e 29 th of Sept. 1668 & owned y* 
y a did beleeve that there names 
heareunto were y r owne hands 



writing. 



Rob*. Lord Cleric 



This is a true Copie Compared with 
the original on file in Salem Court 
Recd s Attests 



* This name is not found in Farmer's Register. In Mr. Felt'3 Hut. of Ipswich he is 
registered among the early settlers of that town under 1635. From the "will of Richard 
Haffeeld given above, it does not appear that he left any male posterity, and the name is 
probably extinct in New England. 



L849.] P Fa S L57 



THE Ti LLI i A.MIM 01 - LTBBOOK, I T. 

in- PORK \i. LND GENEALOGICAL TT7LL1 r A MILT, 

INCLUDING \n \< • "' N • BKTTLEMEN1 IN 

wii.ki' \ ; CTBD FEI 

POf IF INDI1 

[Communicated by 8 lxuki ll . F v i ; 

i It ifl stab I in the 
of the d i'm''" of I 

tin- aame conclusion I i ii R 

{ rloucester, a1 a i i i 

that cil j . ■■ tb< 
broki . 
one of th< 

firsl » tl Monk 

place; whi 
the a the < 

i ■ 

i . 

i 

In the i"-' : • E 

daughter of I > . John S I nhill in York- 

shire. 'I'm- was in the • Ind in the ] 

•ji ee of Netten ill of Ireland, I > mm 

M. I )., married one ol imily. \ 

of the i' in • T Q ' 

( hcford, flourished from ! 
a relal ive of the prec 
( lollege ; a publisher i 
Life of Nep >nius, with 

In the I [eraldic ! ' y w .• find only 

Ti lli ( Wethen 1! A land ). Ar« on 

r, in chit T ;i lion pass, >Ac ipid with his 1" 

<[iii\ er, all ppr. 

Ti i.i.i (I reland ) A p. i h >pg of I >nd. ( 

— On a chapeau a serpent no t, all ppr. J 

It appears that the family originally belonged to the parish of Horley, 
the county of Sui from London ; and that 

the grandfather of him who firsl came into New England had three < - hil- 
dren, namely, John, II aw, and ' i, but neither his age, his mar- 
riage, or christian name is knov* , 

The father of him who first came to Ne\i England was brother to 
above named William and Mar ! marri< 1 Sarah, >hn 

Fenner, the first of that nami io came to Saybra Arthur 

and William Fenner, who settled in Provide h , B I 

The two last mentioned were the prog i of the present Fenner 

* BlSHOP Gibson in Camden. t In the hundred of Keig.ate. — Ed. 



158 The Tally Family of Saybrook, Ct. - [April, 

Family in Providence. It further appears that John Tully of the parish of 
Horley, who married Sarah Fenner and died while in England, had by her 
two children, namely, John and Sarah, the former of whom, as appears by 
the clergyman's certificate, was baptized Sept. 9th, 1638, and the latter, 
Sept. 27th, 1640. 

In the year 1644, on the 11th June, John Tully, who died in England, 
made his will, leaving a widow Sarah, with her son John, five or six years 
of age, her daughter, about three or four, and herself about twenty-seven. 

This John Tully of Horley, by his will, after making a donation to the 
poor of the parish, and after giving a legacy to his brother William, of fifty 
pounds sterling, to be raised from the rents of a certain piece of land in said 
parish known by the name of Featheridge, placed all his lands under the care 
of his brother and one George Kerrall as overseer, and ordered the rents of 
said lands to be put into his wife's hands till his daughter should come to 
the age of ten years; and after that the avails of the lands to continue in 
the overseers' hands till the rents should amount' to fifty pounds, and then 
to return to his widow to be held and improved by her during her natural 
life ; but in case she should die before the fifty pounds should be raised, he 
directed that said lands should continue in the overseers' hands for the pur- 
pose of educating his daughter. He then bestowed on his brother William 
a small gift, and another on his sister Martha, and a valuable present in 
personal estate on his son John, then about five or six years of age ; after 
which he gave all his goods and chattels to his wife Sarah, his debts beini:' 
first paid, and made his w T ife sole executrix, putting into her possession all 
his lands, houses, and other buildings, till his son should come of age. In the 
year 1646 or 1647, Sarah, the widow, with her two children, accompanied 
her two brothers, Arthur and William, to New England, and settled here. 
At this period, his son was in the ninth year of his age. At a proper time, 
one of the Fenners, in behalf of John Tully, made a voyage to England for 
the purpose of obtaining possession of his property, but by some means now 
unknown, was unsuccessful in effecting it ; but neglecting to take his deeds, 
his uncle William and the other overseer denied his right, and in fact as- 
serted that he w T as an impostor, and that they had ample proof of the death 
of the real heir. Therefore he was necessitated to return to America in 
order to procure testimonials of his descent, and possess himself of the writ- 
ings of the estate. On reaching the house of his mother, who had not long- 
before married Mr. Robert Say of Saybrook, he found the deeds, so essen- 
tial to the case in question, cut into narrow slips and attached to a lace pil- 
low ; but with much, difficulty the pieces were at last so nicely pasted to- 
gether as to answer the purpose. When he reached England, having 
happily recovered the estate, he disposed of the same, which seems to have 
been very valuable, as the house had been used as a house of entertainment. 

By one deed he sold to Peter and Anthony Leach ford all that messuage 
or tenements, gardens, orchards and backsides, barns, stables, &,c, thereto 
belonging, with that piece of land adjoining called Styfields, containing 
eight and one half acres, lying in said parish of Horley, for £120. 

The recovery of the estate appears to have been about twenty years after 
his father's death. 

In 1671, John Tally was married to Mary Beamont, daughter of Wil- 
liam Beamont, a native of Carlisle, in the county of Cumberland, on the 
borders of Scotland, who came to Connecticut in the capacity of tailor to 
Sir Richard Saltonstall. 

The mother of this Mary Beamont, it appears, was a Danforth, sister to 
him who w r as formerly deputy governor of Massachusetts. After this, John 



HI!'.] The Tully Family of Saybrook, Ct. 159 

Tully settled at Potapaugh, in that part called Denison's Point, in the now 
second society of Saybrook, where bis first four children were born. In 
February, L6S0, he purchased of Robert Say. his father-in-law, a house and 
lot on the Town Plot, about three quarters of a mile westward of a oook of 
salt meadow, in which house he resided till the day of his death, which hap- 
pened October 5, 1 701.* 

As he had not been bred a farmer, and had no relish for agriculture, he 
disposed of his property in land-, which it • as very considerable, and 

almost wholly supported his family by teaching arithmetic, navigation, and 
astronomy. In addition to this, he annually furnished New England with 
almanac-, from L681 to L702,t ilf la-i of which was published in Boston, 
after his death. The duties attached to the office of Town Clerk were 
also discharged a long time by him, and from the ancient mode in which 
writings of this nature were e tecujted, he probably made the business lucra- 
tive. So greatly superior was this man's education to most, if not all, of his 
cotemporaries in America, and bo superstitious and ignorant were the com- 
mon people in the country, that with them he was reputed a conjurer. 
This strange reputation, however, was acquired, as appears, m< rely by ex- 
ercising what at the pn sent day would be termed common sagacity. As an 
instance of this we have an account of an application from a person at Long 
Island n specting a child that was lost in the woods several months before 
by a party who wee gathering wild frurt ; and as it appeared on enquiry 
that no search had been made in a neighboring vi >' Indians, our an- 

cestor directed the father to enquire there, which he accordingly did with 
success 

om pap ■- now in I'd ession of the family, it may with the [ 
certainty be concluded that his established principles and practices w< 
those of true t Jhristianity. 

Sarah, the dd John, it appears married a Denison, soon a 

she came to this country, and from her, we are told, sprung all the pres- 
ent families of thai name in the towns of Stoning ton and Saybrook. Their 
mother died soon after her .-on removed to tec Town Plat. 

The children of John Tally wen- as follows: 

John, b. 1 tec. 3, 1 672, lost at sea. 

Sarah, b. April 9, 1674, .1. Dec. 30, 1692. 

William, 1». .Ian. ,">, lf;7<'>, d. July 5, 17 M. 

Lydia, b. March L5, It')?!), d. July L2, 17 1«». 

Mary, b. Aug. L0, L681. 

Deborah, 1). Feb. 2 1, 1683, d. .March 13, 1721. 

Lucy, 1). March 22, L666, d. April 5, L692. 

Hepsibah, b. Dec. 22, L689, d. Oct. 20. 17C7. 

John, the eldest, married in Boston and settled there, whence he sailed 
master of a vessel bound to England just before a remarkably severe storm, 
in which it was conjectured he was lost. It is now suspected, however, con- 
sidering the little intercourse which in thai day subsisted between the colo- 
nies, that the storm in which lie was supposed to have perished shipwrecked 
him on our southern coast, where lie probably made choice of another wife, 
for it is worthy of remark, that in the year 177o. an individual of the Tully 
family from Saybrook became acquainted at Roxbury, near Boston, with 
two young men of the same name from Pennsylvania, or one of the South- 

* See Dr. Field's Account of Middlesex, tt., p. 104. — Ed. 

t We have seen but one set "or series of the Almanacs of Tully, and that was in the 
valuable library of Alfred D. Foster, Esq,., of Worcester. — Ed. 



160 The Tally Family of Saybrook, Ot. [April, 

ern States. They were mutually surprised on meeting, neither having 
known of any family in the country of their name except his own. Inquir- 
ies followed, and it appeared that the father of these young men had no 
brothers or sisters, but of their grandfather's name and place of nativity 
they were totally ignorant. The reason why it is disbelieved that there 
was another family is, that there were few in England of the name, and 
that none of them have ever been mentioned in the numerous catalogues of 
emigrants. It is, however, possible, that the ancestors of these young men 
had changed a name nearly similar into that of Tully, which had long been 
famous in the literary world. 

Sarah, the first daughter, married John Smith of Haddam, and had one 
daughter, Lucy, who married Andrew Beach of Branford. 

Mary married Daniel Clark of Haddam. 

Deborah, fourth daughter, died unmarried in Saybrook. 

Lucy died by scalding, about six years old. 

Hepsibah, the youngest daughter, died in Saybrook, unmarried. 

William, the second son, from whom sprung all the successive families in 
Saybrook, married Abigail Maverick of Boston, the daughter of a clergy- 
man who left England in the time of persecution. The maiden name of Mr. 
Maverick's wife was Sherwood, and it appears that she came from Cornwall 
in company with a brother, who settled at Little Chaptauk, in Maryland. 
The children of the above named William and Abigail were ten, their births 
and deaths as follows : 

John, b. March 18, 1702, d. Oct 29, 1776. 

Margaret, b. May 23, 1704, d. Sept. 15, 1775. 

Abigail, b. July 5, 1707, g1. May 2, 1773. 

William, b. June 13, 1709, d. March 18, 1775. 

Lydia, b. July 24, 1711, d. July, 1792. 

Elias, b. Jan. 17, 1713, d. July 19, 1773. 

Sarah, b. Jan. 6, 1715, d. Oct. 19, 17G4. 

Mary, b. March 30, 1718, d. Sept. '17, 1739. 

Samuel, b. April 29, 1721, d. Aug. 4, 1749. 

Daniel, b. July 24, 1723, d. March 25, 1727. 

Abigail, the mother of the last named family, was born Sept., 1675, and 
d. Dec. 9, 1750. 

William, the husband of Abigail, was bred a farmer and shoemaker, 
which branches of business he carried on largely until his death. 

Margaret, the first daughter, was once a promising child, but in early 
years disease deformed her person and impaired her intellect. She died 
in Saybrook, unmarried. 

Abigail, the second daughter, married Captain John Lee of Lyme, 7th 
Oct., 1741, an attorney at law, and had two children, Eunice, b. 1743, and 
Andrew, b. 1745, the former of whom married Samuel Hall of Wallingford, 
and the latter having been liberally educated in Yale College and otherwise 
duly qualified, became a minister, and was ordained pastor of a church in 
Lisbon, Ct. 

The above named Abigail afterwards became a widow, and married Dea- 
con Caleb Chapman of Saybrook. 

Lydia, third daughter, married Humphrey Pratt of Saybrook, by whom she 
had five children, namely, Humphrey, William, Lydia, Elias, and Andrew. 

Sarah, fourth daughter, married Captain Joseph Buckingham of Say- 
brook, and had six children, namely, Sarah, Esther, Margaret, Louisa, Ab- 
igail, and Anna. 

Mary died a single woman at Saybrook. 






18 19.] The Tally Family of Saybrook, Ct. 161 

Samuel, fourth son, lived at Saybrook, unmarried. He was by occupa- 
tion a farmer and shoemaker, and a person of such known and strict integ- 
rity and uprightness as to have become proverbial, being styled by his ac- 
quaintances the honest shoemaker. 

Daniel, the fourth son, died in earl}' childhood. 

John, the eldest son and child, married Parnell Kirtland, by whom he 

had seven children : 

Parnell, b. June •'>, L732, d. Sept. 1. 1796. 

John, b. March 12, 17:; 1, d. Oct. 22, L760. 

Anne, I . -^ „ . d. Sept. 5, 1739. 

-p. . \ r twins, b. .Nov. 24,1/ob, ■ c r . ... .- Q q 
Daniel, ) d. Sept. lo, 1 < •>.'. 

Elizabeth, b. April 23, 17 

Mary, b. July 21, 17 12, d. An-.. L793. 

Sarah, b. June 25, 17 lo, d. Aug. '■'■>. 17 17. 

The mother of the abo^ e children died July 26, 1748, aged 43 years and 
8 months. 

After this, John Tully married a second wife, the widow of John Russell 
of Branford, whose name before marriage was Mary Barker, by whom he 

had two children hereinafter named: 

Maverick, born June 10, 1754, d. Sept 26, 1754. 

Sarah, b. Oct. 11, 1757. 

Alary, the mother oi* the last naj Idren, died at the birth of the last 

child. 

Parnell, the first child, died a sii uan, i ook. She was car- 

ried oil' suddenly, with less than half an hour's illness, by Asthma. 

Elizabeth, third daughter, marri Srose Whittlesey of Saybrook. by 

whom she had nine children, namely, Mary, Ambrose, Elizabeth, Lydia, 
John Tully, Parnell, Sarah, Anne and Daniel, twins. 

Mary, the fourth daughter, man- d Dickinson of Saybrook, by 

whom she had eight children, namely, Richard, John, Charles, Georj 
Mary, Samuel, William, and Am 

Sarah, by the second wife, was married t i Samuel, eldest son of Elias, 
brother of the father of .-aid Sarah, whose family s :e hereafter. 

John, the eldest son, followed the business of a merchant for a number of 
years, but taking the small pox in New York, died of it, by which event 
that branch oi' the family became extinct. John, the father of these chil- 
dren, was bred to the business of his father, but as he advanced in years, 
agriculture became more congenial to his taste, and he devoted to it all the 
time not employed in discharging the duties of Town Clerk, an office that 
he held a long time. 

William, the next brother to said John, married two wives, the first of 
whom was Anne Beament oi' Saybrook, granddaughter to a brother of the 
same Mary Beament who married John Tully who came from England. 

By this wife he had two children, 1, Abigail : 2, Anne, who died an in- 
fant one month old, five days after the mother expired, Aug. 5, 1748. 

Said Abigail married Seth Pratt of Saybrook, by whom she had five 
children, Azariah, Daniel, Ezra, Elisha, and Anne. 

The second wife of said William was Elizabeth Say of Lyme, to whom 
he was married August, 1750, and by whom he had the following children: 

Anne, b. June, 1751. 

William, b. Sept., 1752, d. aged G weeks. 

Elizabeth, b. Nov. 6, 1753. 

Hepsibah, b. Feb. 12, 1755. 

Sarah, b. Jan. 5, 1757. 



162 The Tally Family of Saybrook, Qt. [April, 

William, b. Feb. 10, 1759, d. Oct. 5, 1811. 

Lydia, b. Feb. 5, 1761, d. Feb. 13, 1813. 

The mother of these children died Sept. 8, 1793. 

Elias, of second generation, married Merc?/ Pratt of the parish of Pota- 
paugh in Saybrook, by whom he had four children, namely, Samuel, b. May 
28, 1750, died Nov. 1, 1827 ; Mercy, b. April 14, 1755, d. Aug. 26, 1775 ; 
Charles, b. July 30, 1752; Eunice, b. Aug. 5, 1758. 

Mercy, the mother of the last named children, died April 26, 1800, aged 
85. The said Mercy was born July 27, O. S., 1715. Samuel, the last 
male of the third generation, married Sarah, the youngest daughter of his 
uncle, John Tully, on the 6th of February, 1783, and by her had the follow- 
ing children: Sarah, b. Dec. 8, 1783; Mary Barker, b* Feb. 12, 1786; 
John, b. Oct. 4, 1788; Samuel Maverick, b. Nov. 28, 1790; Eunice, b. 
Feb. 7, 1794; Sophia, b. June 6, 1798. 

Elias, the second male of the third generation, married Azubah, the dau. 
of Deacon Samuel Kirtland, Jan. 23, 1783, and had issue, Polly, b. Oct. 
21, 1783 ; Mercy, b. April 27, 1785 ; Betsey, b. March 18, 1787 ; Azubah, 
b. March 20, 1789; Lucia, b. May 15, 1791 ; Harriet, b. March 21, 1794; 
Lydia, b. June 27, 1796. The mother died June 27, 1796. The said Elias 
married Lydia, the daughter of Mr. Adonijah Buckingham, Dec- 24, 1797, 
and had issue, Jannet, b. Nov. 15, 1799 ; Anne, b. March 22, 1801. 

William, third male of the third generation, married Eunice, second dau. 
of his uncle, March 13, 1785, and by her had a son, who, on the 6th of April, 
1786, was baptized by the name of William, who, having been liberally 
educated in Yale College and otherwise duly qualified for the practice of 
physic, resided awhile in Milford, but in the winter of 1816, removed to 
Upper Middieton. He married Mary Potter, daughter of Elam Potter of 
Enfield, Ct. 

Polly, the oldest daughter of Elias Tully, was married to Asa Kirtland, 
Jr., Feb. 18, 1807. Their son Asa, b. May 14, 1808, d. May 22 ; Henry, 
b. July 4, 1809 ; Azubah, b. Sept. 14, 1811 ; Elias Tully, b. Sept. 7, 1814; 
Frederick, b. July 31, 1817; Ozias H., b. Sept. 24, 1819 ; Mary Ann, b. 
Dec. 26, 1821 ; Asa, b. Jan. 9, 1825 ; Emeline, b. Sept. 14, 1827. 

Mercy, the second daughter, was married to Dr. Asa Miller Holt of East 
Haddam, Sept., 1816. and had issue, Elizabeth, b. Nov. 25, d. Dec. 26; 
Theodore, b. May 13, 1818 ; Asa, b. Nov. 24, 1819 ; William, b. May, 1822; 
Harriet, b. March 29, 1824; John, b. July, 1826, d. Dec. 

Betsey, third daughter, m. Ozias Holmes of East Haddam, Jan. 21, 
1808 ; issue, Mary Ann, b. Feb. 4, 1809 ; Joseph, b. Dec. 17, 1817. 

Lucia, fifth daughter, married George Henry Chapman of Saybrook, 
Nov., 1811; issue, George Henry, b. May 15, 1817; Harriet, b. April 15, 
1819; Edward, b. Dec. 2, 1820; Clarissa, b. June 12, 1824; Robert, b. 
Jan. 12, 1824. 

George Henry Chapman, above named, owns and resides upon the place 
which was originally owned and occupied by his ancestor, Robert Chapman, 
who was born in Hull, England, came to Boston in L635, and to Saybrook 
in 1636. Said Robert married Ann Bliss, April 29, 1042. 

Harriet, sixth daughter, married Ezra Kertland, Oct. 6, 1821 ; issue, 
Ellen, b. Feb. IS, 1823; Harriet, b. Feb. 6, 1826; Ann; Elizabeth; George. 

Lydia, seventh daughter, married William Ruins Clark of Saybrook, 
April 3, 1822 ; issue, Azubah, b. Jan. 5, L827 ; Mortimer, b. dan. 12. 1829. 

Azubah, fourth daughter, married Samuel S Warner of Lyme, Nov. 17, 
182o; issue, Mary, b. Aug 23, 1826; Samuel, b. Dee. 17, 1827. 



1849.] Indian War Papers. 163 

Lydia, wife of Eliaa Tully, died Sept. 19, 1825, aged GO. Mr. Elias 
Tullv is now living in Saybrook, (August, 1848,) aged 96 years, ".-ana 
mens in sano corpora." 



INDIAN WAR PAPERS. 



f Communicated for the Antiquarian Journal by CHABLES W. Parsons, M. D., of l'i evi- 
dence, R. 1., Member of the N. E. II. Gen. Society.] 

[Continued from page !'•'>. ] 

VI. 
Pro\ ince of 

Mayne Yorke May the l nt 1090 

We whose names are under written beinge Appoynted and Commission- 
ated by the Govern* and Counscell of the Masset .sset Collony in 
england to visett tic Estern parts & i.i p r ; ; .i- province of Mayne 

In persuance of which we u<><- advise such as here arc called unto ami 
Intrusted with the Goverment of said Province for theire Majestes 

Imp*. That they Exert theire power to uphold and Mayntaine the Gou- 
erment In keepeinge the peace and administring the Lawes that the end of 
Gouermenl May be attained: to be a terror to euell doers and a prayes u, 
them that doe well 

•J Iy In Millitary Concerns that theire be i re taken in Watchinge 

& wardinge that you May not be surpri Cnnemy & suddenly 

destroyed as other playses have benn 

Thai you draw you r selves [nto soe l • soe 

Conveniently situate a> you may be in a , c j >o 1 poster of defence 

4 ly That a Convenient Number of the [nhabitance that know y 6 Coun- 
try be Employed by turns in Cnstanl Scoutinge 

o ly That a sutable party or partyes be sent forth to di3i isl and At- 
taacqk the Ennemy at there usall fisshinge plac< as theire 

may be oppertunitye : In all which: and all other your Conscerns We de- 
sire the Lord to diriet and bless you and sul 

\ ours to our power 
John Hathorn 
Jonathan Corwin 
VII. 

April: 2: 1 G93 
Leiut Hill 

Last night a Litle after sun sett Noah Emory was coining from Kittery 
to Sturgion Creke &; by the waie sid herd som crackling of stickes : & 
herd a mmi whissell: upon which he stopt under a bush: and went an o 
waie: John Smith coming after him saw a man nere Sturgion Creke bridge 
who ran a waie down the creke : Smith being on horse hack came to my 
Garison — this morning I sent out som men who saw the Indian track at 
the same place where Noah Emerey herd him whissell — Kepe out scouts 
about the borders of the towne : I will send out from hence : all o r souldiers 
at the banke are drawen of those y* belong to you are sent up : dispose of 
them to such garisons at present as you thinke fitt: I have given two of 
them liberty to goe home for a few dayes : 

In hast I Remaine yo r : Lo : freind 
[Superscribed] Charles Ffrost major 

Ffor Leiut John Hill 

At Newitchawoneck 

Hast Post Hast 



164 Indian War Papers. [April, 

VIII. 

Boston : 23 Oct r . 94. 
Major Hooke 

By this informe you that I have receved an account sent by Coll : Pin- 
cheon that came to him by an express from Albany that by 4 Indians that 
are com from Canada, that they are makinge great preperations for to 
Atack the English in seueral places and in pertickular at the easward, and 
the Indiens there shewed a bagg of English scalps and ingadged forthwith 
to returne & send out 130 men to destroy the English ; and the gouernour 
of Canada resolved to fall upon the English about Albany, thes Indiense 
cam from Canada about the 22 : Septembr last yo u are therefore 

to put y r selves and neyboures in the best posture you can for theire secu- 
rity & for the discouery of the enemy, and to gayne any advantadg yo u 
can upon them ; if there be anythinge wantinge for yo r defence and theyre 
Majesty's servis that there is an opertunity to suply yo u with ; informe by 
the first, and forthwith take care to give information to y e neybours at pis- 
cataqua york wells & Sacoe that soe they may not be surprysd. 

y r Lo : freind 

William Phips 
Vera copia 
[Superscribed] 
For Lint Abraham Preble and Liut: Anthony Brackett and from them 
to be conveyd forthwith to Wells to the oficers there, and from thence to be 
posted forthwith to Capt Hill at Sacoe 

lett this be sent unto M r Wheelwright to be remunerated 
Hast post hast 
for theire Majesty's service 

IX. 

Octob r : 26 1694 Kittery 
Liut Preble & 
Lieut. Brackett 

The last night I was at Newbery intendinge for Boston but preuented 
by a post letter from the governour a copy of which is underwritten * by 
which yo u may perceive we may speedily expect the enemy to be amongst 
us, therefore yo u are required to take efectuall care to keep a strict watch 
& warde to prevent a surprysall and to keep out what scouts posible yo u 
can in york & Wells for to make a discouery of them if may be, before 
they com in upon us, pray post this away imeadiatly to Wells that soe it 
may be posted to Capt Hill thus not cloubtinge of care herein 

I remayn y r Louinge freind 

Francis Hooke 
X. 

Wells August 13 th : 1696 — 
Sonn Hill 

I am now at Wells with twenty horse Intending to Com over to you but 
hereing of severall guns about yo r parts I have sent over three men to know 
how it is with you I have an order from the governor to assist you in 
drawing of: and I have an order from the Leu* gouernor to draw of & 
bring a waie what can be transported by Land : & to hide the rest in 
the ground with the great guns : but o r townes are soe weake for want of 
men that if the enemie be about you we fere wee are to weke to com and 
bring you of: I was informd as I writ to you that Major Church was com 

* fit is No. VIII, of this series.] 



•<.] ' Wait Paper$. L65 

to o r assistants bul it i^ nol soe but tie Baid he is coming with three hunderd 
men: <v major Gidney with five hundred men to <» r assistants: o 1 people 
are much troubled thai yo 1 fort Bhould be Demollished: Capl Chub 
up his fori without firing a gun againsl the Enemie, Lei me here from 
i by the barer hereof my Love toyo 1 aelfe and wife: I pray god to 
keepe you from the Rage of die Enemie : 

I Etemaine 
tia said six [ndians Y</ Loving (Father in Law 

were sen here this day Charles Ffirost 

[Superscril 
To Cap*. John Bill At Saco ffort 
Hast posl Hast 

XI. 

Brother Hill my Kind Love to you with my wifl s : hoping these 
few Lines will find you in good health as we are all al present Blessed 
god for it; It hath pleased god to take a way; Major Frost — the [nd< 
waylad him Lasl Sabbath day as he was cominge whom from meetting at 
night; and Killed him and John Heards wife and Denes Downing: and 

John Heard IS wounded ; the Good Lord Bantifie it tO US all ; it i- :i < ir 
LOSS to the whole Province: and Espesely to his t'amvii-y : and Lasl Mon- 
day the post thai Cam to Wells as they wenl to goe whom the [nd< 
Killed them a boul the marked tree: namly Nicholas Smith Proper; and 
Hennery Simson; Brother mistress Frosl is ver} full of - ■ ml all her 

Children: Cousen Charle9 and John was with I Father: and Escaj 

wonderfuly: and seuerall others with them ; t pi Breketl wenl with - 
of his Company a Monday by the way of Necl and I went with 

them — and was there al the Major's Punerall; and i see your wife full 
greef: and your Child is well; M ' Frqsl and sister & all your Broth 
& sisters Remembers theire loue to yon; and I ou to I'ora 

over if yon can possible -\ ithoul dai 

pray doc not venter In the day to ( om : Remember our Love to all our 
Brothers and sisters and Cousens ; and the good Lord Keepe us in thi 
perreles times and santyfie all his Awt'nll disp< usations to us nee more at 
present 

praying for you 

your uery Louinge Brother 

Joseph Storer 

Wells the: 10 th July L697 

\II. 

Kittery y e 9 th ni ° 1675 
Capt fFrost. 

you are desired to Expediate downe the Soldiers appertening to this gar- 
rison & pray Let them bring downe Jn° Heard- cattle Intended for Slaugh- 
ter w ch Ich wittom [?] will informe with them, and Also Jn° Rosse his 
Cow, w (h is all tor present. Not doubting y r punctuality. I resl 

yo r ffriend and serv 1 

Richard Allexander 
Ser* to y tf Garryson. 
[This note was written ou the same paper with No. T. of this series I 



166 Early Records of Weymouth. [April, 

EARLY RECORDS OF WEYMOUTH. 

[Copied by Mr. Cyrus Orcutt, for the N. E. Genealogical and Antiquarian Register.] 

[Continued from Page 72.] 

Samuel son of William & Elizabeth Chard born Oct 1 1665 

Experience of John & Mary Bicknell " Oct 20 1665 

Samuel of Nicholas & Hannah Whitrnarsh " Oct 27 1665 

Elizabeth of Richard & Mary Philips " Nov 27 1665 

Hannah of Samuel and Hannah Pratt " Dec 21 1665 

Joseph of Joseph & Sarah Pratt " Feb 2 1665 

Amy of Thomas & Jane Drake " Feb 3 1665 

Jacob son of Andrew & Ellen Ford " Feb 20 1665 

Lidda of John & Mary Rodgers " March 1 1666 

Mary of John & Abigail Whitman " Mar 10 1 666 

James son of Daniel & Sarah fairfield " Mar 18 1666 

John son of John & Phebe Taylor " April 10 1666 

Hannah of Thomas & Rebecca Kingman " June 1 1666 

Sarah of Holbrook Born of Sarah Holbrook June 3 1666 

Alice daughter of John & Alice Shaw " July 6 1666 

Joseph of Joseph & Sarah Shaw " Oct 21 1666 

Thomas of John & Elizabeth Hollis " Jan 7 1666 

Sarah of Samuel & Experience King " Jan 31 1666 

John of John & Sarah Bartlett " Feb 11 1666 

Samuel son of Thomas & Ruth Bay ley * Feb 21 1666 

James of James & Jane Lovell " Mar 7 1667 

John son of John & Deliverance Porter " July 12 1667 

Mary of Joseph & Elizabeth Green ." Aug 15 1667 

Joanna of William & Elizabeth Chard " Aug 17 1667 

of Daniel & Sarah Fairfield " Aug 24 1667 

Zechariah son of John & Sarah Whitmarsh Sept 1 1667 

Mary Daughter of Richard & Rebbecca Gurney " Sept 9 1667 

Elizabeth of James & Mary Smith " Sept 14 1667 

Ruth of Simeon & Sarah Whitmarsh " Sept 29 1667 

Richard son of Richard & Mary Phillips " Oct 20 1667 

Thomas of John & Mary Vining " Oct 30 1667 

Elizabeth of Andrew & Ellen Ford " Nov 2 1667 

Experience of John & Mary Rodgers " Nov 29 1667 

Susanna of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh " Jan 18 1667 

Zachary son of John & Mary Bicknell " Feb 7 1667 

Mary Daughter of Matthew & Sarah Pratt " this year 1667 

Mary of Samuel & Hannah Pratt " March 3 1668 

Hannah of John & Alice Shaw " Apr 7 1668 

Samuel son of Stephen & Hannah French " May 5 1668 

Henry son of John & Elizabeth Kingman li May 11 1668 

John son of Joseph & Sarah Pratt " May 17 1668 

Mary of John & Mercy Randall " May 31 1668 

Edward son of Nathaniel & Susanna Blancher " June 7 1668 

John son of John & Abigail Whitman " June 22 1668 

Andrew son of John & Jane Lovell " June 28 1668 

Hannah of James & Jane Lovell " Sept 29 1668 

Patience of John & Esther King " Oct 4 1668 

[To be continued.] 



19.] Archi \t> 167 

MM IMVKS 01 ( 0NNE< TI( l T. 

nmnnicatt '1 Tor the v - I 1 1 od Antiq ' I ' Vf m. B. I 

Besid< the Records of the and the various manuscript rolui 

in the office of Secretary of State, there is a great quantil 
which li;r. e b< umulatii nt of tl 

necticut, jome of w hich w ere ; ers in disorder. A 

thousand Of these have been arranj i parted into books, ■ 

Ilv accessible. This of the Conner 

Historical Society, by Sylvester Judd i 
volumes; for the expenses of which 1 1 ( • • i i ral \ an apj 

prial ion to the Sooi< ty. 1 mplete the work • 

authorized the Secretary of Clerk. Two or 1 

inn 'I nidi, r dii 

! 8 16, Mr. irj 1 1 udl< j . w ho weH und< 

work to i so it all 

Porter of Farmington, to continue the ind 

the presenl S< . Robertson. 

The papers w ere arranged under 

Militia, 5 \ ol 

I \ r tu\ 10 i olumes, includi 

Revolutionary 1 1 r ar x 37 

Indians^ 2 voluu 

/'/ ivate ( 'onti 

■ 
as 3 el but little i 

Towns a i La s, 10 v< lue in i 

of the se\ eral towns, their settlem 

Susquehanna and West L 

Pennsj It ania and the \ 

Colonial Boui 
early historical docum< 

/ on ign C ence, 2 

original letters from Kings, Q i 

letters on foreign affa ■■.. many of which . i the ch 

rights and prit ileges of the coloi 

Trade end Manufac 

Travi 7 . 3 volume • ; 1 [ighwa . and B 

Industry, 2 volun ricultu nufactui I 

( 'ollegi s an 5 ols, 2 s olu i 

Courts, Civil i tuw, £•< .. 3 volumes. 

Court Papers, 1 volum . Tl e Courl ill in files suffi< 

for 2o volumes. 

Insolvent Debtors, ! volume. 

Lotteries and T)ivorces, 1 volun , 

Crimes and Misdemeam olumes. 

Miscellaneous, 2 volumes. Vol. I. contains, Papers relating to Sir Ed- 
mond Andros ; The Union with New Haven; Commissioners 
land; Appeals to England, &c. Vol 11. conl 'apera a to 

Slavery; Houses Burned; Briefs for Charitable Collections; Inques 
Small Pox, &c 

Finance and Currency, ~> volumes. 

Finances. 2 volumes. 



168 Last of the Signers. [April, 

Journals of the Two Houses, Conventions, fyc, 3 volumes. 

Votes for State Officers, 3 volumes. 

Reports of the Comptroller, 3 volumes. 

Reports of Treasurer and Auditor, 2 volumes. 

Grand Lists, 2 volumes. 

Miscellaneous Statistics, 1 volume. 

These 138 volumes, embracing about 50,000 papers, are by no means the 
whole. They include very few papers of a more recent date than 1790 ; 
and from that date back to 1706 are many papers still in files, most of 
which should be arranged in volumes and indexed. 

The indexes are full and complete. Every paper is carefully read, and 
an analysis given, under appropriate heads, in the general index ; and 
alphabetical lists are given of the names of all important persons and 
places ; and on a page preceding the index of each volume is given a 
synopsis of the index ; so that, at a single glance, the contents or subjects 
of the volume may be seen. 

Thus facilities are rendered to any who wish to investigate any subject 
pertaining to the history of this commonwealth, or town or family histories ; 
for here are many papers relating to the history of every town and almost 
every ancient family in the state. 



LAST OF THE SIGNERS. 

[The following we cut from some Boston paper nine years ago. "We should like to see it 

beat.] 

Error corrected. — We lately published a paragraph, which appeared 
originally in the Philadelphia Gazette, stating that only two of the sons of 
the Signers of the Declaration of Independence are now livino;. 
This is incorrect, as appears by the following lines in the above paper, from 
a genuine scion of one of the signers : 

THE DEAD ALIVE. 

What, Mr. Editor, got in your head, 
So to confound the quick and dead, 
And kill off, of " The Signers " true, 
Bach son they left, excepting " Two " — 
To wit, '• North Bend " and Johnny Q. '< 
Murder by wholesale ! J can tell 
At least a dozen, live and well, 
" Besides the rest " I could set down, 
If old Aunt Smith were now in town. 
Elb ridge Gerry, he left one, 
And so did Francis Hopkinson ; 
Morris left two, and Hush left four : 
Clymkr and Wilson, each, one more. 
McKean and Pacha, each a son. 
And Walton, Lea. and Middlgton — 
"Alive and kicking" — even- one. 
These fifteen killed off — what a pity ! 
Eight murdered in this very city ! 
fifteen graves untimely filled ! 
But J, for one, will not " stay killed.*' 
If to such wrong 1 said nnt nay. 
I 'd be hut a poor son of * — Signer, 



1849.] The Pease Family. 169 



THE PEASE FAMILY. 

[By Fbedbbiox S. Pease of Albany, N. Y., Member of the N. EL Hist Geneal. Soc] 

[Continued from page 31.] 

Til 1 1; I) HKM.KA J I o.\. 

(3) III. John, [1 — 1.] born March .'! ( >, 1654, removed to Enfield, Ct, 
1679, married Margaret Adama of [pswich, died L734, ae. <s<>. 
Ii is stated by Joseph Pease, thai John and Robert, who re- 
moved to Enfield in L679, lived, the first wihteiym an excava- 
tion which they made in tin' siilc of a hill. It was about forty 

rods east from where the old meeting house stood. He left 

children, 

9—1. — John, b. at Salem, 1G78. (8) 

10— 2.— James, b. at Salem, L679. (9) 

11—,}, — Joseph, b at Enfield, 1693. (10) 

Margaret, b. 1683, m. Josiah (olton, 1700, d. 177.~>. Had two 
sons and five daughters : Josiah, b. 1709 ; Job, b. 1711; Esther, 
b. 1711, m. Obadiah Hurlbut, 1745; Margaret, b. 1710, m . 
David Phelps, 17:57; Abiah, b. 1718, m. Colonel John lilissof 
Wilbraham, and d. 1803; Ann, b. 1720, m. John Parsons, 
17 1<»; Hannah, who m. Joseph Gleason, 1745. 
Sarah, b. m. Timothy Root, 17 1<), -(tiled in Somers, 

1713, d. 17~>o. Had two Bons and five daughters : Timothy, b. 
1719; 'Thomas,!). 1726; Elizabeth, who m, Ebenezer Spen- 
cer, 1733; Sarah, who m. John Abbe, 1739. 
Mary, b. m. Thomas Abbe, 1711, d. 1746. Had 

two sons and live daughters: Obadiah, b. 1728, d. young; 
Thomas, b. 1731, d. 1811 J Mary, who in. Dennis liemcnt, 

1737; Sarah, who m. Nathaniel Chapin; Tabitha, who m. 
Ephraim Tease, 1710. 
Ann, b. m. Jeremiah Lord, 1719, settled in East 

Windsor, d. 1753. Had two sons and one daughter. 

(4) III. Robert, [2—2.] born March 14, 1656, removed to Enfield, 1679, 

d. 17 11, ae. 88. Had four sons and three daughters : 
12— 1.— Robert, b. 1G84. (11) 
13— 2.— Samuel, b. 1686. (12) 
14— 3.— Daniel, b. 1692. (13) 
15— 4.— Ebenezer, b. 1G98. (14) 

Abigail, m. Nathan I lay ward, had two sons, Thomas and Ebene- 
zer, and five daughters. 
Mary, m. Israel Phelps, 1703, had one son and three daughters. 
Hannah, m. David Miller, and had one daughter Gershom Sex- 
ton was her second husband, by whom she had five sons and 
four daughters. 

(5) III. Jonathan, [5 — 5.] born Jan. 2, 1G68, married Elizabeth Booth, 

1693, died 1721. Had children : 
16 — 1. — David, b. 1698, removed to the Southern States. 
17—2. — Josiah, b. 1706, went to Massachusetts. 

18— 3.— Pelatiah, b. 1709, m. Jemima Booth, 1736, d. 1769, had four sons 
and one daughter. One of the sons, Jonathan, d. in Schenec- 
tady, 1760. 
11 



170 The Pease Family, [April, 

Rebecca, m. John Pierce, and had four sons and two daughters. 
Elizabeth, m. Ebenezer Chapin and had two sons and five daugh- 
ters. 

(6) III. James, [6 — 6.] born Oct. 23, 1670, removed to Enfield, when he 

was ten years old, m. Hannah Harman, 1695, died 1748. Had 
children : 

Hannah, b. 1700, m. Benjamin Terry, 1721, had six sons and three 
daughters. 

Elizabeth, b. 1703, m. Benjamin Meacham, 1722, had eight sons 
and three daughters. 

Mary, b. 1706, m. Jacob Terry, 1730, had five sons and two daugh- 
ters. 

Abigail, b. 1708, m. Nathaniel Collins, 1735, had three sons and 
six daughters. 

Sarah, b. 1710, m. Jonathan Terry, had two sons and three daugh- 
ters. 
19— 1.— Joseph, b. 1712. (15) 

Jemima, b. 1716, m. Lot Killam, 1739, had four sons and six 
daughters. 

(7) III. Isaac, [7—7.] born July 15, 1672, married Mindwell Osborn, 

1691, died 1731, se. 59. Had children : 
20— 1.— Isaac, b. 1693. (16) 
21— 2.— Abraham, b. 1695. (17) 
22— 3.— Israel, b. 1702. (18) 
23— 4.— Ezekiel, b. 1710. (19) 
24— 5.— Timothy, b. 1713. (20) 
25— 6.— Cummings, b. 1715. (21) 
26— 7.— Benjamin, b. 1717. (22) 

Ann, m. Nathaniel Prior, 1725. 

Abigail, history unknown. 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

(8) IV. John, [9 — 1.] born at Salem, 1678, married Elizabeth Spencer 

of Hartford, Ct., died 1761, ae. 83. Had one son, 
27— 1.— John, b. 1726. (23) 

(9) IV. James, [10—2.] born at Salem, 1679, removed to Enfield, 1679, 

married Mary Abbe, dau. of Thomas Abbe, 1710, settled in 
Somers, 1713, and died there. Had one son, 
28— 1.— Richard, b. 1717. (24) 

(10) IV. Joseph, [11 — 3.] born in Enfield, 1693, married Mary Spencer 

of Hartford, Ct., 1727, died 1757. Had three sons, who all 
left Enfield, and a daughter Mary, b. 5 Nov., 1734, m. Captain 
David Parsons of Enfield, d. at Freetown, Ms., Nov., 1783. 

29— 1.— Joseph, b. 1728, d. in Suffield, 16 Oct., 1794. 

30— 2.— Stephen, b. 5 Feb., 1731, d. Nov., 1816, at Long Meadow, Ms. 

31— 3.— Jonathan, b. 11 Sept., 1740, d. at Ellington, Ct., 1824. 

(11) IV. Robert, [12 — 1.] born 1684, removed from Enfield to Somers, 

between 1713 and 1727 or 1734, and died 1766, je. 82. His 
first wife was Hannah Sexton, by whom he had one daughter, 
31^—1. — Mirriam, who m. Nathaniel Pease, 1730. (25) 

His second wife was Elizabeth Emery , # by whom he had, 

* Will of Elizabeth Pease. — I Elizabeth Pease of Somers, wd and Relict of Robert 
Pease late of Somers in the County of Hartford and Collony of Connecticut, deed, do this 



1849.] The Pease Family. 171 

32— 2.— Robert, b. 1724. (20) 
83— 3.— Emery, b. 1727. (27) 
34 — 4. — Abiel, b 1737, died at Somers, 1800, without male issue. He 

left one daughter. He was an otfieer in the Revolutionary 

;inny. 
35— 5.— Noah, b. 1740. (28) 

(12) IV. Samuel, [13 — 2.] born 1080, married Elizabeth Warner, died 

1770. Had children: 
36 — I. — Samuel, b. 1717, m. Teriah Chapin, settled and died in Enfield. 
They had three sons who were Shakers al Enfield, Ct., and New 
Lebanon, X. Y., Eli, Elias, and Peter. Peter was one of those 

who established the Shaker Society at a place now called 
Union Village, near Lebanon, Ohio, in 1800.* 
37— 2.— Ephraim, b. L719. (29) 
38— 3.— Aaron, b. (30) 

3D— 4.— Nathaniel, b. 1725. (31) 

.Mary, m. James Gains, and had one son and two 

daughters. 
Elizabeth, m. John Allen, and had one son and two 

daughters. 
Joanna, m. Benjamin Root, and had one son and 

one daughter. 
Mary, m. Christopher Parsons, and had three sons 

and four daughters. 

(13) IV. Daniel, [14— 3.] born L692, married Abigail Fletcher, settled 

in Somers. Had four sons and four daughters: 
40— 1. — Daniel, b. 17 is. 
41— 2.— William. 42— 3.— Parker. 13—4 —Asa. 

(14) IV. Ebenezer, [15 — 1.] born 1698, married Mindwell Sexton, died 

1713, had two sons : 
44_l._Ebenezer, d. 1784. (32) 

12th day of July 1 708, make and publish this my last "Will. — I give to son Robert Pease 
live shillings, son Emery P., live shillings, and two Bheep, son Abiel P. five shillings, son 
Noah, five shillings, to dau. Bathsheba Hunt, five shillings, to grand-son Benjamin Jones 
three pounds worth of neat cattle, when he Bhall arrive at the age of 21 years. All the 
rest of my movables to be equally divided among all ray daughters, and my son-in-law 
David Rood. Except to my dau. Mary Pease, one Cow besides the division mentioned. 
Son Emery my executor — but so as not to be accountable for any bad debt or debts — 
he to be paid all bis cost and expense in executing sd trust. 

This 12 day of July in the Sth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George ye 3d, 
and in the year of our Lord, 1768. 

In presence of Stephen Sexton Elizabeth Pease. 

Joseph Sexton 

From the above instrument may be learned the method of disposing of estates in those 
days, namely: the real estate was divided among the heirs according to established laws, 
if no will by the husband, without any will of the widow, and independently of it, as she 
had no control over real estate belonging to her husband, to dispose of it, except by his 
will. But she was at liberty to make such disposstion of all the personal and movable 
property as she pleased. 

* To what particular family the following persons belonged, we are unable yet to state ; 
but that they were of this branch of the family is beyond question. 

There lived in Somers, previous to 1783, Lot and Sarah. Pease, who had four sons and 
two daughters, namely, Samuel, Caleb, Enoch, Lot, Jemima, and Elizabeth. Jemima 
went to the Society in Hancock, Ms., and died there a year or two since. Enoch was a 
preacher at Enfield, but left the Society some eighteen years as;o. Samuel, the eldest 
son, was b. 19 Sept., 1766. He removed to Watervliet, May, 1788, at the time of the or-; 
ganization there, where he d. 8 Oct., 1831, highly respected". Lot, the father, was in the 
old French War. 



172 The Pease Family. [April, 

45— 2.— James, b. 1724. (33) 

(15) IV. Joseph, [19—1.) born 1712, died 1800. Had four sons: 

46— 1.— Noah, b. 173G. 

47—2.— Joseph, died 1758. 

48 — 3. — Gideon, settled and died in Enfield. 

49 — 4. — James, died in Somers, in 1830. 

(1G) IV. Isaac, [20—1.] born 1693, married Amie French, 1722, died 

1757. Had children : 
50— 1.— Isaac, (34) 
51— 2.— Abner, (35) 
52 — 3. — Jacob, 
53— 4.— Noadiah, (36) 

Ann, m. Ebenezer Hall, 1753, and resided in New Marlborough, 
Mass. 

Laurani, m. John Gaines, 1755, died in Granby, Ct. 

Another dau. m. a Brooks, and d. in New Marlborough, and 
another m. a Mc Gregory, and lived and died in Enfield. 

(17) IV. Abraham, [21 — 2.] born 1695, married for his first wife, Je- 

mima Booth, 1719. His second wife was Abigail Warren. 

He died 1750. Had children by his first wife : 
54— 1.— Abraham, b. 1721. 
55— 2.— John, b. 1725, settled in Suffield. 

Also a daughter, who m. William Lord, 1752, and a son, who d. 

young. By his second wife, 
56 — 3. — Moses, settled and died in Enfield. (37) 
57— 4.— Samuel, d. 1772. (38) 
58— 5.— Joel, b. 1737. 

59 — 6. — Nathan, b. 1740, removed to Wilbraham. 
60 — 7. — Gideon, b. 1741, removed to Massachusetts. (39) 
61— 8.— Josiah, b. 1744. 
62— 9.— William, b. 1746, d. at Enfield. 
63— 10.— Zebulon, b. 1749, d. 1829. 

Also a daughter, who married Nathaniel Parsons, and a son, who 

d. young. 

(18) IV. Israel, [22—3.] born 1702, married Sarah Booth, 1726, died 

1771. Had children: 
64— 1.— Israel, d. in Middlefield, Ms. (40) 
65— 2.— David, b. 1729, d. in Enfield. 
66 — 3. — Hezekiah, d. in Enfield. 
67— 4.— Jesse, b. 1739. 
68— 5.— Nathan, d. in Enfield. 

Sarah, who m. Jeremiah Lord. 

Mindwell, who m. Ebenezer Terry. 

Alice, who m. Thomas Root. 

Bathsheba, who m. David Wilson. 

(19) IV. Ezekiel, [23—4.] born 1710, married Hannah Chandler, 1732, 

died 1793. Had children: 
69— 1.— Ezekiel, b. Aug. 18, 1734. (41) 
70— 2.— Henry Chandler, b. Feb. 11, 1738. (42) 
71—3.— Isaac, b. June 1, 1752. (43) 

Oliver, b. Sept. 6, 1754, d. young. 

Hannah, b. Jan. 11, 1732, m. Job Gleason, had three sons and 
seven daughters. 



1849.] The Pease Family. 173 

Abiah, b. Aug. 11, 1736, m. Samuel Gowdy, 1759, had four sons 

and three daughters. 
Jane, b. Aug. 13, 1743, m. Obadiah Ilurlbut, had one son and 

four daughters. 
Mehitabel, b. Sept. 23, 1745, m. Edward Parsons, had two sons 

and four daughters. 
Sarah, b. Feb. 28, 1747, m. Jehiel Markham, had two sons and 

two daughters, 
Eleanor, b. March 15, 1741. 
Abigail, b. March 15, 1749. 

(20) IV. Timothy, [24—5.] born 1713, married Mary Chandler, 1736, 

died 1794. Had children : 

72 — 1. — Timothy, b. 1737, settled in Enfield. He had three sons and two 
daughters, Abigail, Levi, Ruth, Jonathan, and Justin. They 
were Shakers at Enfield, Ct. Justin was killed by lightning, 
while engaged in getting in hay, some thirty y<-;ir> a,L r o. Levi, 
the second child, b. 5 Aug., 1771, removed to Watervfiet, N. T., 
15 June, 1790, and d. there in the Shaker society, highly re- 
spected, 5 Sept., 1832. Timothy, the father, was in the "Old 
French War." 

73— 2.— Edward, settled in Enfield. (44) 

74 — 3. — James, " " " 

Mary, m. Ware ham Parsons ; Abigail, m. David Terry ; Martha, 
d. young; Deborah, m. Gideon Pease; Dorcas, m. Isaac 
Pease; Lydia, m. Ezekiel Pease; one daughter m. Benjamin 
King; another m. Samuel Hale, and another m. Freegrace 
1 Iancock. 

(21) IV. CiTMMiNGS, \Jlb — G.] born 1715, married Elizabeth Pease, dan. 

of John Pease, for his first wife. lie married his second w T ife, 
Sarah Hale, 1755. Had by his first wife: 
75 — 1. — Cummings, left Enfield. (45) 
76 — 2. — Ebenezer. 
77— 3.— Asa, d. in Enfield. (46) 

Love, who m. Jacob Hills, and Ruth, who m. David Hale. 
By his second wife he had two sons. 

(22) IV. Benjamin, [20— 7.] born 1717, married Abigail Rose, died 

1768. Had children: 
Benjamin, m. Margaret Prior, died at Enfield. They 

became members of the Shaker society in Enfield. 
Two daughters died young. Abigail, m. Zacheus Prior, 1759. 

Lucy, m. Reuben Perkins. Rose, m. Daniel Kingsbury. Da- 

maris, m. Edward Collins. 

FIFTH GENERATION. 

(23) V. John, [27—1.] born 1726, married for his first wife, Bathsheba, 

daughter of Thomas Jones, one of the early settlers of Enfield. 
He was a large farmer in the eastern part of Enfield. His 
location was part of the share which was assigned to his grand- 
father, in the distribution of the land at the first settlement of 
the town. Had children : 

78— 1.— John, b. 1753. (47) 

79 — 2. — Thomas, b. 1754, m. Mercy, dau. of Josiah Hall of Somers, re- 
moved, in early life, to Ellington, where he died, about 18i5, 
leaving four sons and three daughters. He was a farmer. 



1T4 The Pease Family. [April, 

80 — 3. — Gideon, in. Prudence, dau. of Asahel Sexton ; re- 

moved early to Vermont, where he died, about 1824, leaving a 
large family of sons and daughters. He has a grandson in 
Salem, Racine Co., Wisconsin. 
81 — 4. — Simeon, b. 1764, m. Susan, dau. of Ebenezer McGregory, 1787, 
died in Hartford, 1827, ae. 63. Had nine children, most of 
whom died in early life. The last of them died in 1844. 
82 — 5. — Elizabeth, b. 1756, married, for her third husband, Joshua Gid- 
dings of Hartland, Ct., who removed to Western New York, 
and was among the pioneers of the region. She subsequently 
removed to Ohio, where she died, at an advanced age. She 
left three sons, the youngest of whom is the Hon. Joshua R. 
Giddings, M. C. for the northeast district of Ohio. 
83 — 6. — Bathsheba, m. Eli McGregory, who removed to the State of New 
York. She died in the northern part of the state, at an ad- 
vanced age. Had three sons and three daughters. 
(24) Y. Richard, [28 — 1.] born 1717. Had a son, 
84— 1.— Richard. (48) 

(24J) V. Joseph, [29—1.] born Aug. 10, 1728, removed to Suffield, Sept., 
1750, married Mindwell, daughter of Lieut. Josiah King, July 
28, 1756, died Oct. 16, 1794. He was a successful merchant, 
a zealous advocate for liberty, and suffered much in the strug- 
gle for Independence ; stood high in the confidence of his towns- 
men, whom he often served in a public capacity. Children, 
85— -1.— Augustine, b. May 18, 1757. (49) 
86— 2.— Zeno, b. Feb. 2, 1759. (50) 
87— 3.— Oliver, b. July 27, 1760. (51) 
88— 4.— Roval, b. April 15, 1762. (52) 
89— 5.— Seth, b. Jan. 9, 1764. (53) 
90— 6.— Mindwell, b. March 16, 1765, d. May 20, 1765. 
91— 7.— Joseph, b. Sept. 11, 1766. (54) 
92— 8.— Calvin, b. Aug. 22, 1768, d. Aug. 27, 1775. 
93 — 9. — Mindwell, b. Aug. 31, 1770, m. Gideon Granger, late Postmaster 
General, Jan. 14,1790. Had children: Ralph, b. Nov. 22, 
1790; Francis, b. Dec. 1, 1792; John A., b. Sept. 11, 1795, 
and a son, who died young. 
94— 10.— William, b. June 22, 1772. (55) 
95— 11.— Calvin, b. Sept. 9, 1776. (56) ' 

(25) Y. Mirriah, [31J — 1.] m. Nathaniel Pease, in 1730. This Nathan- 
iel was the eldest son of Robert Pease, who, according to tra- 
dition, came directly from England to Enfield, and was a dis- 
tant relative of the original Pease family in that town. He 
was designated by the name of "latter" Robert, and admitted 
an inhabitant of Enfield in 1687, and settled on the lot south 
of the Somers road. He married Hannah Warriner, 1691, and 
had three sons, born in Enfield, viz : 

Nathaniel, above mentioned, who was b. 1702 ; Joseph, b. 
1707, and Benjamin. Nathaniel kept a tavern in Blandford, 
Ms., and afterwards removed to Ballston, or Stephentown, N. 
Y., where he died. Children of Mirriam and Nathaniel : 
96 — 1. — Nathaniel, b. 1737, whose daughter, Huldah, ra. Ebenezer Pease. 
(See No. (63) VI.) This Nathaniel is said to have been a 
sea-faring man, and to have died at sea. He married and set- 
tled in Enfield, Ct., and had three children, born in that town. 



1849.] Register of Deaths in Northampton, Ms. 175 

He subsequently left Enfield, and was gone for several years 
to parts unknown ; during which time his wife married one 
Benjamin Parsons. On his return to Eniield, asc irtaining 
what had taken place during his absence, and finding that his 
wife preferred her latter husband, he soon disappeared, and 
was never afterwards seen or heard of there. 

97— 2.— Levi, b. 1739. (57) 

08— 3.— Abel, b. 1741. 

99— 4.— William, (58) 

100— 5.— Joel, 

101— 6.— George. 

Eleanor, who m. a Holcomb ; Hannah, who m. a Wheeler ; Mir- 
riam, who m. a Jones, and another daughter, who m. an Ash- 
man. 

(26) V. Robert, [32—2.] born 1724, died 1805, eb. 81. He resided in 
Blandford, about 1780, one or two years, where he lost the 
most of his property, by the depreciation of continental money, 
which he received in payment for a farm, at a time when it 
was made "lawful tender for the payment of debts." He spent 
the remainder of his davs at Somers. His children were, 

102— 1.— Robert, d. 1827, ae. 78. (59) 

103— 2.— Stephen, b. about 1755. (GO) 

104— 3.— Abner, b. Nov. 9, 1757. (Gl) 

105 — 4. — Erastus, b. about 1759, married, and resided in Newport, died a 
few months after his marriage. He had one daughter, Ann, 
who m. a Coe, and resided in Newport. 

106 — 5. — Alpheus, b. about 17G2. He served in the Revolutionary war, 
was taken prisoner by the British, and afterwards exchanged. 
He removed, with his family, to Lewis Co., New York, when 
it was a wilderness, at that time called the " Black River 
Country." (G2) 

[To be continued.] 



REGISTER OF THE DEATHS IN NORTHAMPTON, MS., 

FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT IN 1653 TO 1700. 
[Communicated by Mr. Samuel W. Lee, of that place.*] 

1654, March 8, Sarah, dau. of Samuel Clark; Experience Pomroy. 

1655, January 14, James Bridgman. 

1656, January, Dorothy, wife of John Ingersoll ; February, Patience, dau. 
of Jas. Bridgman. 

1657, July, Joseph Elmer; Hannah Brotton ; August, Rebekah Miller. 

1659, January, Johannah Lyman; 30 March, Hezekiah Bridgman. 

1660, August 30, David Burt, killed. [How, not stated.] 

1661, November 30, Henry Curtis. 

1662, March 16, John Brotton; 15 April, Jonathan Burt; 24 April, In- 

* It would have added greatly to the value of this list had our correspondent been able 
to add the ages of the deceased. But we would by no means be understood to complain, 
but return Mr. Lee our grateful thanks for what he has done. We are by no means in 
the fashion of the age — to find fault with all that is given us, because it is not better and 
more in amount ! — Pub. 



176 Register of Deaths in Northampton, Ms. [April, 

crease Clark; 26 April, Mercy Hutchinson; 22 May, Eldad Pome- 
roy ; 3 Jane, Richard Lyman ; 15 July, Mercy Phelps ; Edward 
Lewis ; 4 August, Mary Jones ; 15 November, Timothy Lee. 

1663, March 7, Child of Joseph Leeds; 4 April, Miriam Leeds; 3 June, 
Thomas Marshall; 24 June, Mehitable Hutchinson; 12 October, 
Sarah Lyman. 

1664, January 5, John Merry; 17 February, Joseph Pomeroy; 5 March, 
Joseph Dickerson ; 17 May, Nehemiah Allen's child ; Joshua Car- 
ter's child; 14 August, John Kingsley ; 28 December, Mrs. Cornish. 

1665, January 11, Mary Dewey ; 14 January, James, son of James Bridge- 
man; 28 April, Matthew Cole, killed by lightning; 17 October, 
Samuel Wright died in his chair. 

1666, January 11, Thomas Lewis; 6 March, Thomas "Woodford; 8 July, 
Lydia Cole; 26 August, Ann Webb. 

1667, February 18, Samuel, son of Judah Wright; 28 August, Robin, an 
Indian, servant to Nathaniel Clark, killed by the Indians.* 

1668, March 23, John Searle's son*; 2 June, Nehemiah Allen's son; 15 
July, Mafy, dau. of John Hotton ; 3 August, Sarah, w T ife of James 
Bridgeman ; 1 November, Ford, son of Jedediah Strong. 

1669, January 5, dau. of William Hubbard; 17 February, son of John 
Hilliour; 16 March, Experience, dau. of John Lyman; 30 March, 
Nathaniel Clark; 16 May, son of Ralph Hutchinson; 24 July, Rev. 
Eleazer Mather ; Jedediah Strong's child. 

1670, February 20, Mary, wife of Thomas Strong; 27 February, child of 
Samuel Allen; 2 March, Samuel Davis's child; 19 May, John 
Webb ; 1 July, son of John King ; Israel Rust's child. 

1671, October 23, John Hannum's child ; 11 December, Mary, dau. Mat- 
thew Clesson; 14 December, Rowland Stebbins. 

1672, February 13, Eleazar, son of Isaac Sheldon; April, Joseph Lead's 
child ; 20 November, Ruth, wife of John Searl. 

1673, January 4, John Bridgman's child; 10 February, Timothy Baker's 
daughter; 22 March, Solomon, son of Solomon Stoddard; 29, James 
Wright's child ; 30 May, Sarah, wife of John Hannum ; November, 
son of Jedediah Strong. 

1674, March 15, Mindwell and Experience Hannum; 25 March, Hester, 
dau. of Judah Wright; son of Joshua Pomeroy ; 29 March, child of 
James Wright; 10 July, Medad Pomeroy's son. 

1675, March 1, Jeremiah James; 14 March, Robert Bartlett, Thomas 
Holton, Mary Earle, Increase Whelstone and James Mackrannels, 
slain by Indians ;f 7 June, Anthony, son of Solomon Stoddard ; 25 
August, Samuel Mason, slain by Indians ; 6 September, Sarah, w T ife 
of William Clark ; 28 September, Praisever Turner, and Isaac Abee 
Shakspeare slain by Indians ; 29 October, Joseph Baker, and son, 
and Tho s . Salmon, slain by Indians ; John Roberts; 19 November, 
Susanna Cundlief ; 19 December, Sarah, dau. Ebenezer Strong. 

[To be oontinuod.l 

* This year there is great complaint among the settlers high up on the Connecticut 
river, that the Eastern Indians have committed murders and other depredations. — MS. 
Chronicles of the Indians. — Pub. 

t The deaths thus far recorded in this year, undoubtedly belong to 1676. See Old Indian 
Chronicle, 101, n.; Hubbard, 77 ; Willard in Roivlandson, 41. 



1849.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 177 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS QPON RECORD IX 
THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MS. 

[Continued from page 82.] 
John Bbnj I min. 
12 (4) 1646. 
I John Benjamin being in pfed memory, as toaching my outward estate — 
do bequeath to sonne John a double portion, beloved wife two Cowes, 
fourty bushels of Conn- out of all my lands, to be allowed her toward-; 
the bringing \|» of my .-male Children yearly such as growes vppon the 
ground, one pari of lower of all my hous bold Btuffe, all the rest of my 
lands goods & chattels thai be equally divided betwen seven other of my 
children. Provided that out of all my former estate my wife during b< r 
life shall enjoy the dwelling house I five in, & thn - of the brok< d 

vp ground next the house, & two Acres of the Meddowe neere hand be- 
longing to the house. That this will be truly pfbrmed I do appoint my 
brother John Eddie of Watertowne & Thomas MarrU of Cambridge 

that they doe theire best Inde\o r to see this pt'ormed.* 

John Bl n.iamin. 
W'itnes Georg Muniage [Muning] 
the L5 (4) i.V 
This was proved to be the last will c\: testament of John Benjamin, & 
that he did further declare (as an addition to this his will) thai his wife 
should have liberty to take wood for her fsc vppon any of his Land- dure- 
ing ln-r life, vppon the Oath of Before 

John Eddye Thomas Dudley Gov*. 

(5) 3. L645 Jo: Wxntlvrap Dep. Gov. 



Wrxij \m 1 1 \i - 1 1 1>. 

18 (1) L646. 

Whereas I William Hoisted do find by dayly experience my body to de- 
cay. Imp. vnto the poore of the towne ryve pound to be laid out in a 

Cow w ,h I would haue so ordered by the Deeaons & my executors that 
may be a continual help to such as are in need, God giiein<_ r a blessing 
therevnto. The remander of my estate, vnto brother Henry > & to my 
sister Edna her child or children — to brother Henry > at the end of two 
years, except he dispose of himselfe in marriage, or haue a lawful! call- 
ing to England by his friends there, to the satisfaction ot" my executors, 
& in case he should goe to England of his owne accord, then not to have 
it till they heare certainly of his welbeing there. And in case he should 
dye before this time be accomplished, then my sister Etna her child or 
children shall haue it. And 1 make villiam Wood & George Heyward 
executors. William IIalsted. 

wit nes 

Rob* Miriam. 

Luke Potter. 

* The inventory of the estate of John Benjamin may be seen in Vol. II. on p. 25 (Suf- 
folk Wills.) No footing appears to the various items, but we make the amount of the 
whole, £297. 3s. 2d. 

" This was deliuered as a true Inuentory of the estate of Benjamin deceased vppon the 
Oath of Symon Stowe John Eddye & Thomas Marrct, to the hest of theire knowledge. 
Taken before Thomas Dudley, Gover: & John Winthrop, Dep. Gover. 3 (5) 1645. 



178 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [April, 

The testimony of Luke Potter to this will was taken vppon oath the 13 
(8) 1645 before Thomas fflint. 

Rob 1 Miriam sworne 15 (8) 45 before Joh: Winthrop dep Govr. & 
Tho fflint. 

Inventory is dated 10th 8th 1645. Robt. Miriam & Georg Heward 
[Heyward] apprisers. Amount, £97, 10s, 7d. 



Samuel Crowes. 

3 (4) 1646. 

I do appoint Samuel Bitfield to take my goods & pay my debts & take the 
remainder to himselfe. 

This was approved to be a lawfull will by the Court & Jury in tryall 
of an action betweene Thomas Skidmore & Samuel Bitfield at a Court 
held at Boston 2 (4) 1646. 



Mart Benjamin. 

13 (4) 1646. 

I mary Benjamin of Watertowne do give to Pastor Knolls fyve Acres of 
Marsh at the Rocky Meddow in Watertowne bounds. I giue to my 
Aunt Wines one Cowe, I giue to my sister Abigail Stubbs two Cowes 
my best clothes w th my best searg Peticoate. I giue to my brothers in 
generall one Cows worth. To my Cosin Anne Wyes my best wastcoate. 
May 16 1646. Mary Benjamin her owne 

act & deede. 
Witnes to this will 
Jane Mahew 
Elizabeth Child 
both sworne in Court. 4 (4) 46. 

Increase Noivell Sec r . 



Richard Barber. 

13 (4) 46. 

Richard Barber of Dedham. I haue receiued a Cow of M r Prichard of 
Roxbury as the gift of one M r . Anderson of London. I will & bequeath 
the said Cow to remaine to the vse & benefit of the poore in Dedham. 
My house & lands in Dedham, & goods & chatties vnto my Executors. 
My beloved friends & brethren in Christ Henry Brock & his sonne John 
Brock my executors. 

The mark of Richard Barber. 
Testified in Court the 21 (3) 1646. 

Increase Nowell Sec r . 



Lawrence Buckmaster. 

4 (5) 1646. 

Seene that I am now bound for the sea, & soe for England, them smale 
things that I haue heare leve & thos desposed of if Copt. Smith doe not 
recover my wages againe, then thus I have ordered it if God take me 
away. That the piece of land I bought of Thomas Spaul I giue it to 
my sister Elisabeth Buckmaster & some smale things in my chest, as a 



1849.] M " r ■ I R U$. IT* 

( to Thomcu Spauls 9 A tic shillings due to □ 

Thomas wellent w* it. My black batl to A an, th< 

apparel] to my brother Zachary Buckmaster, 6\ a shirt and band or t\\<» 
for niv ffather, there wil be left a pan.- of . s ; 

thew Cby, the irorster paire or t\\<> paire, <v the ( best ?nto the said 
Thomcu Spaule l & a smale i tlackrells th 

to Sea for me for to Lei them go to sea for oil daught M ■ / till they 
conn- to some thing or nothing. 

I. \ WR1 n« i BU( KMA8T] R in 
the pr • '/'■ i > 

I > 1 1 1 the land Bhe is no! to make if away nor pari fro, bul 
haue it, oor baue nothing to doe w* it till the - I ■ . >, a 

that, Mayday. Ii I dy< al Sea, then to demand vppon inquir . may 
true wages for the time, & to giue my ffather it. 
Robert Portou* the 2< L645. 

Deposed the - (5) 1 6 16, 1 
vnter M' Nowt Us band. 



Thom ia Mussell. 

This twenty seventh of July 16 [I (•"») 1646 in margin.] 

I Thomas M eaman, doe giue Rill power to 

of Boston to receiue or take up formyvse: t ! the pinnae. 

called the Mary, & the profit* of it: the said my share or part: till 
time as he the said John Swe eti by] of this my will 

the same: or if one Phillip White, my partner in the Baid 
her, he is to giue John - K re named, the moi Is, what 

shee is sould for. To said John S twenty three Bhillii i r - due me 

from William < i band & S 

A holas LopdelL 
John Mansfield, 
The said John Mansfield did testifie this vppon oath, 26 1 1 | l 
ton- . Tohn Wintkropi Dep Grov*., 4 



W ii i.iam We i i 

15 (12) 1646. 

William Weale madea rTuncoupative will the 5th (8) L646aswas t< 
by Good wife Milom & John Ham v Affidavits,* p. 12. 



Nicholas Stoweb. 

The last will of Nicholas Slower of Charlestown. 16 (8) l( 

To beloved wife Amy Slower my dwelling bouse w tt y* barn vv all oti 
houseing, w tt the two Acres of ground by it, & all the ground in the necke 
of Charlestowne. Also a hay lot on blistick Bjde near the North Bpring 

next o r sister Rands, also halt' of the hay of the other hay lots on Mistick 
Byde. Likewise 1 Cowe Comons on the Btinted Comon w tt out the necke. 
Also 3 of the Acres of planting ground on Misticke Byde that is broken 
vp, & it is now sowen w tt english corne & planted w* Indian Come: Bhe 

* Wc arc informed by the very obliging and intelligent gentlemen in our Registry Of- 
fice, that they know of no such book. 



180 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [April, 

to haue the vse of all the aforenamed — She to haue vse of the cart & 
plow & its furniture : she to haue my two best working oxen — all the 
English Corne & Indian corne on the ground on mistick syde — except 
that w ch my Son Richard is to haue of the same crop. 

When wife is deceased my sonne Joseph Stower to haue the house, 
barne & other housing w th the 2 Acres of ground, to abide with his 
mother to do her service while she Hues, or till he be twenty & one yeare 
old. Hee to pay his sister Abigail 2 Cowes, & one to his sister Jone at 
y e decease of my wife. 

To daughter ffar a great bible, & the great brasse pan after my wifes 
decease, all the rest to be my wiues for euer. 

To son Richard my two oxen next to the best, land on mistick syde, 
only his mother to haue the vse of 3 Acres, — To dau. Jone Stower one 
Cowe presently, & one out of Josephs portion. 

To dau. Abigail Stower, after my wives decease, two good Cowes out 
of Joseph's portion. 

To dau. ffarre a great Bible. Wife sole executrix — loued brethren 
Thomas Lyne & Robert Hale to be overseers of this my last will. 

Witnesses 

Increase Nowell 
John Greene 
Thomas Lyne 
Robert Hale. 



Thomas Williams. 

25 (2) 1646. 

Thoynas Williams doe make this my will. To John Spoore of Boston 
my part in the bote, & one pound seven shillings that John Norman of 
Jeffrey Creecke haue, & is in my master Holgraues hand, due to mee, & 
that w ch he tooke order to leaue at M r . Stodders for me, & what els I 
haue, & my master John Spoore to pay M r Oliver for letting me blood 
& to pay M r Ayers & M r Cordll of Salem one shilling & eight pence, 
that w ch I did owe M r Holgraue haue or ingaged himselfe to satisfy John 
Norman w ch was for dyet & lines & other things axes, one at Jeremy the 
Smith, & another at Mr. Holgraue. I owed a shilling at the ferry at 
Salem, & Henry Swan I apponted to pay it. Dated, 25 (2) 1646. 

Witnesses, Bartholomew Chever & Edward Cowell testifyed 5 (9) 
1646. by Bartholomew Chever & Edward Cowell before the Magis- 
trates. Increase Nowell Sec r . 

Date of Inventory, 1 (3) 1646. 
2 weekes wases due by M r Holgraue of Salem 8s. M r Holgraue debtor 
for a bullocke £6. Due by Thomas Williams to John Norman of Mar- 
blehead, £4. — to John Spoore £4. paid for him by John Spoore to M r 
Correlloi Salem, Is. 8d. — p d . to M r Aires by John Spoore 17s. John 
Spoore count for tendance in Tho Williams Sicknes, for makeing graue, 
coffin, &5 all charges, £1. 10s. 

Amt of Inventory £15 10s 6 d : debts £10 9s. 8d. 

[To be continued.] 



1849.] Ancient Wills in Middlesex. 181 

ANCIENT WILLS IN MIDDLESEX. 

Cambridge, Jan. 25, 1849. 

JMu. Drake, 

Dear Sir: Agreeably to promise I Bend you, for publication in the Reg- 
ister, two of the oldest Wills recorded in Middlesex, Matthew Day's and 
Simon Stone's, with an Indian deed, not recorded, to "Elder John Stone," 
of Sudbury, the son-in-law of Edward BEowofWatertown, whose Will, from 
the Suffolk Records, yon inserted in the last Dumber of the Register. I 
intend soon to furnish yon with the Will of Gregory Stone, of Cambrid 
my first ancestor in this country, who was a brother of Simon, of Water- 
town, and the father of Elder John, whose Will, also, I Bhould like to have 
published, as it throws considerable light on the first generations of the 
family whose genealogy, yon know, I have been some time collecting and 
preparing for press. And I would now admonish my cousins and kindred 
of the Granite race, scattered thick and wide all over the land, as Burns 
once did his "blither Scots" — 

" If there's a hole in ;i' your coats, 
I rede yon tent it, 
For a chiel - amang yon taking notes, 

And, faith, he'll j>rent it." 

Yniir fri.iid and serv't, 

\\ if. 1. St< >ne. 

The last will & Testament of fcfathew Day may 10. L649. 

1. I doe give with all my heart all thai part 1 have in the Garden unto 
the fellowes of Harvard Colledge for ever.* 

2. I doe give to m r Shepar I my diaper table cloath & napkins which 
were not yet made up. 

3. I doe give my 3 silver sp ones, the one to David Dunsterf the other 
to Doraty Dunster,f & the 3 d thai hath my owne name on it w e I brought 
out of England to my old acquaintance little Samuel Shepard.] 

4. I doe give to my mother all the estate I have in both the houses, 

together with all the furniture beds & all moveables (my debts 1" ing 

first paid) to her for her life, & when she dies to the little ehilde Moj 

5. I doe give to S r Brocket (my ould & deare friend) all the Bookes 
I have which he thinkes may he nsefnll to him, except those whieh may 

serve for the trayneing op of the ehilde to schoole. 

* "Mr. John Buckley first Master of Arts in Harvard Colledge & Matthew Day Stew- 
ard of the Colledge gave a Garden conteyning about one Acre & one Rood of Land 

scittuate & ncer adjoyning to the Colledge & ordered the same to be for the use of the ffel- 
lows that should from time to time belong to & he resident at the said Society, the sd 
Garden being now commonly called & known by ye name of the ffellowa Orchard." — 
College Records, Book III. p. 82. 

"Mr. John Buckley" was the son of Rev. Peter Bulkley. the first minister of Concord, 
and was of the first class of graduates at Harvard College. Of Matthew Day and his 
family, some account may be given in a future number of the Register. — Ed. 

t These were the children of Rev. Henry Dunster, the first President of Harvard 
College. David, the eldest, was born May 16, 1645. Dorothv was born Jan. 29, 1647-8. 
— Ed. 

X The son of Rev. Thomas Shepard, by his second wife. Joanna, daughter of Rev. 
Thomas Hooker. He was born in Cambridge, in October. 1641, was ordained at Rowley, 
as colleague with Rev. Samuel Phillips, Nov. 15, 1665, and died April 7. 1668. — Ed. 

§ Undoubtedly John Brock, a graduate at Harvard in the class of 1646, afterwards set- 
tled in the ministry at Reading. "Sir" was the title formerly given to those who had 
received their first collegiate degree. — Ed. 



182 Ancient Wills in Middlesex. [April, 

6. I doe give unto my mother that eight pound or there about which is 
due to me for printing, to pay for the house which is due at michalemas. 

7. I would have Daniell & Mary Lemon & my moothers girle have 
something given them as mr Shepard & my mother shall see meet. 

8. I doe give my Ivory Inkhorne in my box with a whistle in it unto 
Jeremy Shepard.* 

9. I give 20 s in mony which once I had & layd out for the Colledge 
& is to be paid by it in mony againe unto mr. Thomas Shepard. 

10. I give unto John Gloverf my lookeing Glasse. 

11. I give to Elder Frost J foure pounds. 

Those before whome he spake these things were 

Mr Tho: Shepard 
Rec]orded Deposed the 30th 8th mo. \ Mrs Day. 

2] 9th mo. 1649. Increase Nowell. j 
1649. 

This will is recorded, not in the Probate Office, but in the Registwj of 
Deeds, Lib. 1, fol. 1. The testator, supposed to be a son of Stephen Day 
the printer, died the same day on which his Will was made, and without 
issue. " Mrs. Day," one of the witnesses, was probably his mother, and the 
other, doubtless his minister, Rev. Thomas Shepard. 



Setember the 7 th 1665. 
I Simon Stone do give unto my two Sons Simon and John, my whole 
Estate which I am now possessed with all in what soever is mine unto an 
equall division between them, only I appoynt them to give or pay unto my 
two daughters Frances and Mary ten pounds apiece within twelve months 
after my decease, and also to pay all my debts, and discharge my buriall. 

And my mind is that John should have the land I bought of brother 

Hayward belong to him, and 2 Silver bowles, the lesser to Simon, and the 
greater to John. And My Mind is that My daughter Frances' ten pounds 
should be payd 5 lbs to Johnana Greene her daughter and Nathaniel her 
Sonne, 50 s a peece, and the other five to the children she hare by her hus- 
band, [illegible] This writing intends nothing of any former lands & con- 
veyances to them, but only the present things w c h I did reserve to myself. 

The marke of -(- Simon Stone. 

This writing was Exhibited on oath as the last will of the said Simon 
Stone, by his brother Gregory Stone and Steeven Day§ — and Simon Stone 
& John Stone, sonnes of the said Simon Stone dec'ed, were granted power 
of administration on that Estate left by him. 

Octo 3, 1665. 

Thomas Danforth, R. 

Recorded by Tho. Danforth R. 

Copied from Probate Records for Middlesex county, Book 2, p. 316. 

* The youngest child of Rev. Thomas Shepard, by his third wife, Margaret Boradile. 
He was born Aug. 11. 1648, was ordained pastor of the church at Lynn, Oct. 6, 1680, and 
died June 3, 1720. — Ed. 

t Second son of Rev. Josse Glover, rector of Sutton, in the county of Surrey, England, 
to whom New England was indebted for her first printing-press. Mrs. Glover became the 
first wife of Rev. ilenry Dunster, under whose watchful eye John Glover received his edu- 
cation, at Harvard College, from which he graduated in 1650. — Ed. 

I Edmund Frost, one of the ruling elders of Shepard's church. — Ed. 

§ " The first that sett upon printing " in North America, and the father of the Matthew 
Day whose will is given on the preceding page. He died Dec. 22, 1668. Rebecca, his 
wife, died Oct. 17, 1658. 



1849.] Obituary on Rev, Daniel Baker. 183 

[NOTE. — Among the emigrants to New England in 1685, wan Simon 
Stone, the testator, who, having obtained leave of government, in the Bpring 
ol" that year embarked, with his family, at London, u to be transported to 
the plantation" then just commenced in this vicinity. He Bettled in Water- 
town, on the banks of the river, at what is now called Mount Auburn, the 
beautiful location of our cemetery, around which a number of his descend- 
ants are now living on portions of the ancestral estate, while on the very 
spot where the old patriarch firs! pitched his tent, Mr. Winchester, of this 
city, is erecting the most splendid man-ion that ever adorned the banks of 
Charles river. Of the Give children brought over by Mr. Stone, (the eldest 
only 16,) all but one are named in the will; the daughter, Ann, had proba- 
bly deceased, as had the mother, and also the father's second Wife, who left 

a will, which tin; writer is desirous to have abridged and transferred to the 

pages of the Register, preparatory to his account of the family.] 

Indiw Deed to John Stone. 
This witnesseth, that William Boman, Cap* Josiah, Roger & James and 

Keaquisan, Indians, now Liveing at Naticke, the Indian l'iantatton mare 
Sudbury in the .Massachusetts Hay in New England, flbr and in considera- 
tion of a valluable Sumo, of Pease and other goodes to us in hand payd by 
John Stone of Sudbury aforenamed to our full content and satisfacttOD be- 
fore the signing and delivery hereof. Have given, granted, bargained cV. 
sould, assigned enfeoffed & confirmed, and by theis p'sents do give, grant, 

bargaine cV: sell, assigne, enfeoffe and continue unto the -aid Jno. Stone his 

Heyres & assignes a parcel! of Broakeo up and (Fenced in land, lyin 
the South side of Sudbury line, upon the falls of Sudbury River, and bound- 
ed with ye Comon land Surrounding, the Baid land conteyning by estima- 
tion about ten Acres more or lesse. 'To Have & t<> Hould the said land 
with ye ffences, and all other the priviledges and Appurtenances thereof, 
be the same more or less, to him the said Jno. Stone hi- Heyres and As- 
signes for Ever to his and their only propper use Si behooffe. In witness 
whereof wee the above mimed Indians have hereunto put o" hands & seales 
this 15 th day of May 1656. markes of 

Signed & Read William -f~ Boman 

in p r sence of Cap* i2 Josiah 

William warde — , Roger 

his s marke. H dames 

John Prudduvke. + Kerqisan 

This deed of sale was acknowledged by the Indians above named, and 
with their full consent the said land is passed out the 15 th of: 3: mo 1656. 

Daniel Gookin. 



OBITUARY ON REV. DANIEL BAKER. 

[From the Boston "Weekly News-Letter, Xo. 1425, May 20, 1731.] 

" Sherburne, May 14, 1731. Died here the Reverend and AYorthy Mr. 
Daniel Baker, Pastor of this Church, in the 45 th Year of his Age. He 
was born in Dedham, of Religious and worthy Parents ; had his Education 
at Harvard College in Cambridge, N. E. was Ordained in the Year 1712, 
Assistant to the Reverend and Valuable Mr. Daniel Gooki?i, late Pastour 



184 



Passengers for Virginia. 



[April, 



of this Church : He married two Worthy and Virtuous Gentlewomen, the 
first was Mrs. Mary Quincy of Braintree, by whom he had one Daughter 
yet surviving ; the other Mrs. Rebecca Smith of Boston, now his mournful 
Widow, by whom he had several Children, one of which only Survives. 
He was a Gentleman of bright natural Parts, much improved by acquired 
Knowledge, very pathetical in Prayer, Orthodox and Powerful in Preach- 
ing, tender of his Flock and Congregation, having always the Cause of God 
and Religion much at Heart : His Church increas'd greatly under His Min- 
istry. He was Exercised with much Affliction, under which his Patience 
and Resignation was very signal, and notwithstanding which, he was very 
affable and pleasant in Conversation. In his later Years, he has been at- 
tended with uncommon Indisposition of Body, which growing upon him, 
frequently interrupted him in, and sometimes wholly incapacitated him for 
his Work, and at length had so much the Mastery of him, as entirely to de- 
prive him of the Power of Speech some days before his Death. As he was 
much esteemed and beloved by his People, in his Life, so his Death is much 
lamented by them, and all that knew him. He was decently inter'd the 
17 th Instant." 



PASSENGERS FOR VIRGINIA. 

[Communicated by H. G. Somerby, Esq., for the Antiquarian Journal.] 

20 th June 1635. Theis under written names are to be transported to 
Yirginea imbarqued in the Phillip Richard Morgan M r . the men have been 
examined by the minister of the towne of Gravesend of their conformitie to 
the orders & disipline of the Church of England : And tooke the oath of 
Alleg die et A pred. 

Tymothie Featlie, 



John Hart, 
John Coachman, 
John Reddam, 
John Shawe, 
George Hill, 
George Bonhain, 
W m Rogers, 
Edward Halock, 
Ric: Dawson, 
Peter Johnson, 
Willm Bransby, 
Nicholas Rippen, 
James Quarrier, 
W m Taylor, 
James York, 
Thomas Gorham, 
Nathaniell Disnall, 
John Taylor, 
John Gorham, 
Richard Wilson, 
Robert Morgan, 
Samuel Milner, 



33 
28 
32 
30 
23 
31 
35 
22 
31 
36 
34 
31 
22 
36 
21 
19 
23 
16 
18 
19 
33 
18 



W m Arundell, 
Alexander Leake, 
John Mason, 
Willm Emson, 
James Habroll, 
Richard Jn°son, 
John Lawters, 
Thomas Edwards, 
Robert Davies, 
Richard Upcott, 
Thomas Peslett, 

Women. 

Ellin Burgis, 
Katherin Bowes, 
Suzan Trask, 
Marcie Langford, 
Elizabeth Willerton, 
Sara Shawe, 
Marie Baker, 
Ann Barnie, 



23 
32 

22 
16 
33 
22 
19 
17 
20 
28 
26 
23 



45 
20 
25 
24 
18 
18 
25 
23 



I ] /;■ v. J i ' /' 



REV JOSEPH FABBAR 

W. b< .' I' ave t<» invite particular attention to tin- follow 
There now resides in tl>" Town <<t' Petersham, I W iter, 

o of Ma ' • I ied Mi:-. Mast ] 

widow "t' tin- Rev. Joseph Farrab, sometime Minister <>t' Dublin, N II.. 
and subsequently a Chaplain in tl \ the !-' 1 bis vein 

able matron, now upwards of 91; ircumsl 

b it i- unable U her clai 

for want of the n< >\ idence «>t her husliaml's sen it«s. 

Information on this point 1. as an a* I 

than of charity, to one wl i at that age wl ly, with 

nil its deprivations, is most - \ • : ■ lv i- !: ; mm- w I 

lently increasing infirmities stand mc I which wo 

uTorded ension. 

\\ e "-all. then, upon our brother \ ntiq 
to lend a hand in thia matb i to :ii<l tln-m in their nsranli' «iil 

first state the points upon which information u .ml will lb< 

Buch facta a> \\<- bare tble to colled resp M r, Parrar; | 

in", only, that such further information afl ma. into the p n oi 

any of the readers «>t' this article, may : I 

Information is desired <»n the following poii 
l. II d d Elev. J < > - • - 1 » 1 1 Parrar enli I aplain in tl 

■j. I! lien did he enli 
."-. /// w/uii /■'■ 

1.11 the K : li ■ . iments 

in which he enlisted and served ? 

o. Where d\ a hile in the Ann-. 

& 1 1 

7. Did lif i . \ e in any oUu haplain 

where and when ? 

We would .. in this I, thai the Military R 111 

Bouse, Boston, have been examined, but without sin informa 

itive to Mr. Farrar. The K<>lls givs two \ to be the 

name of "Joseph Parrar," a> serving in the Continental Army. Bat, in 
the first place, neither of them appears to have been a Chaplain; and 
ondly, the dates of their respective p ■•■ do o with what 

we know of Rev. If] Parrar; inasmuch r f them was in the Army 

in 177a, at the very time when Mr, l was Bettled in Dublin, N II . 
the other served in L780,al which t; . M • - in 

Dummerston, Vermont 
Now for what we know res| Ri v. Joseph Faxbar. 

He was the son of G Parrar. of Lincoln, Mass., where h born, 

June 80, 1711.* Be graduated at Harvard College in 17 7 • studied Di- 
vinity, and on the 17th of October, 177 1. was cho* d bj the people of Dub- 
lin. N. EL, to be "their Gospel Minister." II.- was ordained June 10, I772j 
was suspended from hi> ministerial labors, bj advice of an Ecclesiastical 
Council, (on account of difficulties proceeding from "bodily d *, which 

greatly aiVected his mind, and not from any moral can- . 1 »• c. 7, 17' 

* Shatturk's History of Concord, p. 314; Fanner's Genealogical Register. 
t Ibid ; Records of Harvard College. 

12 



186 Rev. Joseph Farrar. [April, 

and was finally dismissed from his pastoral relation, for the duties of which 
he was incapacitated by "a singular hallucination" of mind, June 7, 1776.* 

It must have been at this time that he joined the Army ; as the next 
trace we have of him, is on the 24th of August, 1779, on which day he was 
ordained Pastor of the Church at Dummerston, Windham County, Vermont, 
where he is remembered as "a man of great eccentricities, deeply afflicted 
with hypochondria."! 

In the year 1779 Rev. Joseph Farrar was married, in Grafton, Mass., by 
Rev. Daniel Grosvenor, to Mart Brooks. J 

Mr. Farrar was dismissed from his labors in Dummerston about the year 
1783,§ and here we again lose sight of him. It is supposed that he subse- 
quently settled in the town of Eden, Lamoille County, Vermont, where a 
Rev. Joseph Farrar was ordained Minister of the newly -gathered Church 
in that place, Dec. 15, 1812, and continued in the Ministry until Dec. 15, 
1815, when he was dismissed, and is said to have gone "into some part of 
the State of New York."|| 

Rev. Joseph Farrar died at Petersham, Mass., April 5, 1816, aged 72.^[ 

Jesse Gale, of Petersham, testifies that Rev. Joseph Farrar " was in 
the Army at White Plains, New York, and Cambridge, Mass., with his 
father, Daniel Gale, who said Farrar did service as Chaplain in two- 
Regiments." ** 

This testimony is confirmed by Esther Gale, the widow of Daniel 
Gale. |t 

Mary Prentice, wife of Josiah S. Prentice, of Oxford, Mass., and daugh- 
ter of Rev. Joseph Farrar, certifies that she "saw the Certificate of her 
father Joseph Farrar's discharge, in childhood, but it was lost or destroyed. 
Remembers her father did duty as Chaplain, and soldier also, and that he 
took care of a man named Cook, of Phillipston, a sick and wounded soldier, 
who died, and of the same Regiment or Army."Jj: 

We have thus given all the information in our power respecting Rev. 
Joseph Farrar ; and we sincerely hope that there will not be wanting those, 
who will have the charity to endeavor to enlighten us on those points where 
we are at a loss, and thus be the means of conferring an incalculable benefit 
upon a worthy woman. 

* Rev. L. W. Leonard's Anniversary Discourse at Dublin, N. H., Sept. 7, 1845, p. 25. 

t Complete List of the Congregational Ministers and Churches in Windham County 
Vt., by Rev. Charles Walker, of Brattleboro', in Am. Quart. Register, xiii. 29, 32. Mr 
Walker erroneously calls him " Thomas Farrar." 

t MS. Letter of C. J. F. Binney. 

$ Walker, as above. 

|| Shattuck's Concord, p. 314. Brief Survey of the Congregational Churches and Min- 
isters in Lamoille County, Vt., by Rev. S. Robinson, of Morristown, in Am. Quart. Regis- 
ter, xiv. 129, 130. 

1 MS. Letter of C. J. F. Binney. 

** Ibid. 

tt Ibid. 

« Ibid. 



1849.] 



I of Fr 



187 



LIST OF FREEMEN. 

. DuciUS &• Paioi of Cam mtwr of thelf. & B 



22 May, H 
. F n r \ .-is Garfoard 
Edward Bn ck 

William Clarke 

Edmond Bloise 
Willi. Osborne 
John Miller 
Greorge I Lolmes 
Mathewe Boj se 

.lames Astwood 

John Rob't 
Rich'd Pecocke 
Edward Bridge 
Walter Blaekoorne 
Joseph Jewel 
Roger Porter 
Thomas Airman 
Natha. Chappell 
John Skot 
James Back 
Hugh Laskin 

.John Smythe 

Henry Swan 

C. R., Vol J.p- -•">*• 

23 May, 16 

Mr. Ezechi. Rogers 
Mr. Natha. R 
Robert Saunders 
Mr. Nathani. SpaThauke 
Mr. Thom. Nelson 

c. R., Vol. r.j> 

6 Juno, L689. 

Steven Paine 
James (J arret 

C. R., Vol. I. P . 254, 

G Sep. L689. 
Mr. Thomas dinner 
Mr. Benia. Keayne 
Job Swinnerton 
William Lord 
Laurence Southick 
John Crosse 
John Roffe 
John Ellsley 
Luke Hearde 
Anthony Sadler 
Thomas Masie 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 25 1 

7 Sep. 1639. 
Edmond Bridge 

12 



|( lontinned from • 

Rich'd Mellen 
Robert Tm ' 
Robert Saun 

I R., Vol. I 

IS May, L640. 

Mr. Willi. Worcester 
1 1 in i \ Munday 
John Sanndi 
Thom. Bradberry 
Thom. Darner 
Thoma. Barker 
Thoma. Mighill 
Maxami. JeWet 

ffranc. Parrat 
Rich'd Swan 
Rob't Ha-eMine 
John Haseldene 
ffranc. Lambert 
Willi. 8< 
John Burbai 

i. Bointon 
John Jarrat 

Mieha. I [opkinSOQ 

( ieo. RLilborne 

Mr. Thoma. ( loytemore 

Mr. Thoma. < rrai 

Mr. ffranc. Willoughby 

Edward Larkin 

Thom. Caule 

John Penticos 

John Martin 

Willi. fBllips 

Abrah. Hill 

Edward W< ode 

Willi. Paine 

John ( Hiver ( \ewh r ) 

Jam< s Standige 

John Whipple 

Mr. VA\\ .r Xon ' 

Mr. Thom. Rack 

Mr. Willi. Stevens 

John ffairefeild 

John Bachilor 

Robert ElweU 

Thom. Watson 
Mark fformais 
Thom. AVaterhouse 
Jeremy Ilowchenes 
Jonas Ilumphrves 
Thom. Toleman 
Georpre Weekes 
John ffarnum ' 
Rich'd Lipincote 



Rich'd Withington 
Rich'd Sycki 
( lement Tapley 
Gouin An 
John Bowelis 
Edw'd Passon 
Willi. Chanler 

John Hall 

John Trnmbell 
IMu Bumsted 
Joseph Wheeler 
\'\ mo. Wheeler 

John ( 'haiunller 

S\ mon 1 .' 
Michael] W< 

John Merrill 

Greorge Browne 
.John Nbrwick 
Edmo. Pitta 

ffranc. Smyth 
John Harding 
Willi. ( larpei 

■ Holbr 

ho. Ullli] 
Thom. Baj ly 
s miii. Butterworth 
Rob't Marten 
Mathewe I'rat 

Tytns 
Thom. Rich'i 
I [enry < Jreene 
Willi. GodrV 

Thom. Arnall 
Willi. Haward 
Abra. Perkins 
JetlVy Mingy 
Arthur Clarke 
James Davis 

Mr. Edmond Browne 
Peter Noj 
Walter Hayne 
Edmond Rice 

Thom. White 
John Parmenter 
John Bent 
Edmond (Joodnor 
Thom. Islin 
John Wood 
John Roddyk 
John Howe 
Mr. Willi. Hibbens 
Arthur Perry 
Valentine Hill 
ffranc. Seyle 



188 



List of Freemen, 



[April, 



John Hurd 

Natha. Williams 

John Leveritt 

Peter Oliver 

John Kenerick 

Antho. Stodard 

Samu. Sherman 

George Curtis 

Cotten fflack 

Mr. Willi. Tompson 

George Rowes 

Steven Kinseleye 
John Dassette 
Willi. Potter 

Gregory Belchar 

Thorn. Place 
James Copie 

Thomas fflackman 

Edward Spolden 
Willi. Allise 
Martin Saund's 
John Read 
Willi. Androws 
John Stidman 
Edmond Anger 
Rieh r d ffrances 
John Thrumball 
Willi. Manning 
Edward Collins 
Rieh T d Hojrs 
Nathan Aldishe 
Mychall Medcalfe 
ffardinando Adams 
fFrane. Chickcring 
Willi. Bullard 
John Bullard 
Henry Smythe 
John Mose 
Daniell ffisher 
Josua ffisher 
llich'd Barbore 
Jn°. Scarbrow 

C. R., Vol I. p. 

7 Oct. 1650. 

Mr. Samu. Dudley 
Josias Cobbitt 
Edmond Gardner 
James Barckcr 
Henry Sands 
Rob r t Hunter 
Willi. Stickney 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 

8 Oct. 1640. 

John Page 
Samu. Morse 
Thomas Weight 

C. R., Vol 1. p. 

9 Oct. 1640. 
Rob r t Ringe 



281. 



281. 



281. 



Isaack Buswell 

C. R., VolLp. 

12 Oct. 1640. 
Willi. Hudson 
James Oliver 
Thomas Painter 
Edward ffletcher 
Mr. Willi. Bellingham 
Mr. Willi. Hooke 

C. R., Vol I. p. 

2 June 1641. 
Mr. Henry Dunster 
Mr. Rich'd Russell 
Mr. John Allen 
John Maies 
Rich r d North 
John Seir 
John Stevens 
Mr. Adam Winthrope 
William Barnes 
John Harrison 
John Lowell • 
Thorn. Davies 
John Emery 
Samu. Plumer 
Moses Payne 
Daniell Weld 
Samu. Bidfeild 
ffrancis Eliot 
Abell Kelly 
Jacob Wilson 
Nicho. Woode 
John Harbert 
Thomas Lake 
Andrew Pitcher 
Rob r t Holmes 
Goulden More 
Rich r d Cutter 
John ffossenden 
Willi. Woodberry 
Willi. Geares 
Philemon Dickenson 
Esdras Reade 
John Robinson 
Thorn. Gardner 
Thorn. Marston 
Rich r d Bartelmew 
Thom. Gould 
Thorn. Wildar 
Rich r d Robinson 
John Marston 
Rob r t ffuller 
Willi. Blanchard 
Bozoun Allen 
Miles Ward 
Samu. Corning 
Jonathan Porter 
RiclVd Pattinggell 
John Good now 
Willi. Browne 



281 



281 



Samu. Chapun 
Christo. Stanley 
John Harrison 
Thom. Davenish 
Walter Harris 
Ellis Barrone 
Willi. Parker 
Philip Veren 
John Palmer 
Rich r d Parker 
Edw r d Tinge 
Nehemi. Bourne 
ffrane. Lawes 
Rob r t Bridges 
John Baker 
Rob r t Cooke 
Henry Dauson 
Willi. Tiff 
Willi. Brisco 
Rich r d Sanford 
Augustine Walker 
Henry Archer 
Charles Glover 
Rob r t Paine 
John Baker 
Micha. Katherick 

John Jackson 

John Deane 
Edward Browne 

Dani. Warner 

John Knoulton 
Symon Tompson 

Rob r t Daye 

Andrewe Hodges 

Jacob Leager 

George Bullard 

Henry Chick r y 

Michaell Powell 

Joseph Kingsberry 

John Roaper 

Nathani. Coalborne 

John Elis 

Edward Rich r ds 

Beniamin Smyth 

Austen Kilham 

Thom. Payne 

Tymo. Dwight 

Henry Wilson 

Samu. Bullen 

Willi, ffuller 

Willi, ff 

Evan Thomas 

Abell Parr 

Benia. Ward 

Willi. Hunt 

Willi. Bateman 

Josias ffirman 

Willi. Cop 

Natha. Halsteed 

Natha. Billing 

Benia. Turney 



184!).] 



List of Freemen, 



189 



Rich'd Rice 
.Fames Blood 
Thorn. Clarke 
John Viall 
Thorn. Buttolph 
(franc. Douse 
John Sweete 
Arthur Gill 
Thorn. Clipton 
George Merriam 
John Heald 
Greorge Wheeler 
Obedi. Wheeler 
ffranc. Blovce 

C. R., Vol. I p. 312. 

4 June 1641. 

Thorn. Marshall 

C. R., Vol. I.p. 312. 

7 Oet. 1641. 
Mr. Richard Blindman 

Thomas Wheeler 

C. R., Vol. I.p. 315. 

18 May 1643. 

Mr. (Francis Norton 

John Wifhman 

Gawdy .lames 

John March 

llob r t Button 

Benia. Vermaes 

Thorn. Antrum 

Micbaell Shaflin 

Thorn. Putman 

John Cooke 

Phineas lliske 

WUlia. fhske 

James fliske 

George By am 

Rich'd Bishope 

Allen Kennistcn 

Elias Stileman 

John Tomkins sen 1 

Ananias Conkling 

John Neale 

John Bulfinch 

Joseph Boyse 

Samu. Grimes * 

Theodo. Atkinson 

Rob't Bradford 

Hugh Williams 

Rich'd Crithley 

John Guttering 

John Ingoldsbey 

Robert Howen 

Thoma. Snowe 

Thoma. fibster 

Dani. Briskow 

John Search 

John Baker 

Rich'd Knight 



Rich'd Tayler 
Philip Tayler 

John Bulkeley 

Edward Okes 
Thorn. Okes 
Edward Gooding 
Sampson Shore 
Willi. Torry 
John Coggan juni. 
John Clough 
John Witherell 

Samu. Thatcher 

John Hill 
Rich'd VYody 
John Mathia 

Willi. Lewes 
Rich'd Taylor 
Edward Carleton 
Humphrey Reyn 1 
Hugh Smith 
Hugh Chapline 
Rich'd Lowden 
John Barrage 
Solomon Phips 
John Greene 
[saack Cominfl 
Allen Pearley 

Thorn. Thackster 
Willi. Ripley 
Mathewe I lawkes 
Hugh Prichard 
Thorn. Lincolne 
John Stoder 
Willi. Robinson 
Robert Peirce 

Thorn. Davenport 
Rich'd Hake- 
Robert Pond 
.John Rigbey 
George night 
Thorn. Blisse 
Benia. Albey 
Roger Bancroft 
Rich'd Eckels 
John Cooper 
John Tomkins jun' 
Willi. Dickson 
Moses Wheat 
Rob't Edwards 
Thomas Bateman 
Willi. Aline 
Thorn Wheller 
Willi. Ilartwell 
John Stevens 
Willi. Stevens 
Antho. Somersbey 
Henry Somersbey 
Willi. Berry 
Samu. Guil 
Abell Hews 
John Swett 



Peter Woodward 
John Brock 
'Natha. Whlt( 
Micha. Metcalfe 
Etob'1 Page 
ffranc. Pebody 

[saack Perkins 

Thorn. Worde 

lb nrv Ambros 

Walter Popper 

1 leiiry Kibbey, 
I ).ivi<l Zullesh 

C. R., Vol. II. p. 18. 
May 1642. 

John Sadler 
Walter Tybbot 

( )bedi. Brewer 
Willi. Hilton 
Willi. Walderne 

C. R., Vol. II. p. 18. 

22 June 1642. 
Henry Palmer 

Joseph Peaseley 
Rich'd Pid 

Willi. Titeombe 
Willi. White 
Thomas Dowe 

C. R., Vol. II. p. 18 

i August 1642. 

Mr. Willi. Pinchen 

C. R., Vol II. p. 18. 

14 Sept. I'M 2. 

Thorn. Het 

C. R., Vol. II. p. 18. 

21 Sept. 1G4 2. 

Will. English 

C. R., Vol. Up. 18. 

27 Dec. 1642, At Salem. 

Walter Price 
Rob't Gutch 
George Gardner 
Rich'd Brence 
Rob't Leoman 
Thorn. More 
Thorn. Tresler 
Willi. Robinson 
Hugh Cawkin 

C. R., Vol. II. p. 18. 

28 Feb. 1642-3. 

Thorn. Edwards 
John Kitchin 
Henrv Harwood 

*C. R., Vol II. p. 18. 

28 Feb. 1642-3. At Salem- 
Rich. More 
Hugh Stacy e 



190 



List of Freemen. 



[April, 



Thorn. Avery 
Edw a . Beachamp 

C.R., Vol. II. p. 27. 

10 May, 1643. 

Mr. Thorn. Wallas 

John Scot 

Isaack Wheeler 

John Ward 

Andrew Lister (27) 

Thorn. Goodnow 

Rob r t Dants 

Henry Looker 

John Parmenter 

Willi. Ward 

John Newton 

John Thurston 

Christo. Smyth 

John Guile 

John Plunton 

John Knights 

John Jackson 

Nathan ffiske 

Geo. Parkhurst 

John Pratt 

Thom. Beard 

John Arnol 

John Hollister 

James Prest 

Nicho. White 

Jeffry Turner 

Willi. Turner 

Roarer Billindg 

Laurence Smyth 

Willi. Ware 

Rich. Evans 

Willi. Trescot 

John Gurnell 

Henry Wood worth 

Nathani. How r d 

Rich. Way 

Rob. Williams 

John Mansfeild 

ffranc. James 

Rob't Proctor 

Willi. ff'letch r 

Willi. Vincen 

John Woode 

Hen. Bridghams 

Rob r t Mader 

Geo. Barrell 

Rich. Rawlen 

Strong ffurnell 

John Sand r banfc 

Isa. Colimer 

Willi. Blanton 

Miles Tarne 

Natba. Norcros 

James Morgan 

Rob r t Pepper 

Rich. Hildrick 



Edw a Sheopard 
Dan. Stone 
Tho. Danforth 
Andr. Stephenson 
Willi. Manning 
Henry Symons 
John Tydd 
John Wright 
Benia. Butterfeild 
Edw a . Winn 
Nicho. White 
John Hollister 
James Prest 
John Albye 
Peter Bracket 
Natha. Herman 
Sam. Adams 
John Hastings 
John Whetley 
Willi. Phese 
John Shephard 
Tho. Adams (28) 
C. R., Vol. II pp. 27, 28. 

29 May, 1644. 

Cap. Dan. Gookens 
ftaithfull Rouse 
Rob r t Leach 
fTaintnot Wines 
Willi. Bachiler 
Willi. Smith 
Willi. Green 
Rob't ffeild 
Thom. Marshall 
Roger Toule 
Edvv a Witheredge 
Tymo. Prout 
Geo. Spere 
Symon Bird 
Hen. Powning 
Thom. Webster 
Rob r t Govving 
John Lake 
Thom. Trot 
John ffrench 
Rich. Haule 
Nicho. Boulton 
Henry Gunlithe 
Natha. Partridge 
Thom. Dyer 
Edw a Wilder 
Jos. Phippen 
John Blake 
Jasper Rush 
John Gay 
Rich. Goard 
John Smeedly 
Thom. ffox 
Baptize Smeedly 
Ste. Streete 
John Maynard 



Philip Tory 
Rich r d Wooddy 
Edm° Shefeild 
James Joanes 
Tho. Chamblin 
John Russell 
Allen Conv r se 
Lamb r t Sutton 
John Carter 
James Park r 

C. R., Vol. Up. 53. 

May, 1645. 

Herb r t Pelham 
Joseph Hill 
Mathewe Smith 
Abraham Hawkins 
Abra. Hackburne 
Sam. ffellows 
George Halsall 
Abr. Parker 
George Davies 
Rich. Newberry 
Natha. Bishop 
John Stimson 
Thom. Line 
Antho. ffisher 
Thom. Richards 
Willi. Pardon 
Thom. Holbrooke 
George Allen 
Willi" Davies 
John Joanes stud. 
Sam. Stowe 
Edw a Jackson 
Nicho. Wise 
John Watson 
Hugh Griffin 
John Langford 
Rich. Newton 
John Toll 
Jeremy More 
Peet r Aspinwall 
Edw a Wyat 
Rich. Leeds 
James Umphryes 
Rich. Blacke 
iames Nash 
Benia. Thwinge 
Samu. Davies 
Rich. Bullock 
Abr. Harding 
Christo. Webbe 
Thom. Barrill 
John Morly 
Henry Blacke 
Edw a Gilman 
Lamb T t Genery 
John Gave 
Sam. Miles 
John Darning 



L849.] 



/ Ot, I. 



L91 



Ralph Day 
Midi. i. Medcalfe 
Sam. SendaU 
W IMv 
I [en. ffirnam 
Thorn. Robert! 
Rob't Jenison 
.John Warren 

Edw" I devotion 
I [en. ( lhamb'lin 
Vincenl Ruth 
Thom. Barn 
Joseph Und'wo 
I [en. Ei ance 
.John ffbwneU 
Sam. Bright 
Willi. Wenbane 
John Bird 

Ilarman Atu 

Natha. < rreene 
ffranc. G rissell 
John Rydeat 
Wm. Pansoni 
Thom. Thacher 
Rob't Longe 
Thom. Reeves 
Nicho. Cbeletl 
Georg 1 k>wdj 
Hen. Aldridge 
Willi. Patten 
Eliiah Corlet 
C. 11., Vol U. it 
6 May L646. 
Afathew I >ay 

John Lewis 

Nathani. Hadlock 
John Hill 
ffran. Heman 
John Gingen 

.John llaynes 
.John Looker 

Tho. Buckm' 
Alex. Baker 
Thom. Collier 
Thom. Gardn* 
Ben. Crispe 

W in . l'.irv 

Wm. Dawes 
Hen. Modsley 
Joel Jenkins 
Henry Thorpe 
Geo. Woodward 
Charles Sternes 

Join. Wmeoll 

Willi. Duglaa 
Peter Place 
John Collens 
Rich. Everad 
Josu a Kent 
Rob't Onion 



(78) 



(79) 



Andrew Dewing 
An tho. (fisher 
Tho. Joanea 
I-a. Walker 

r. /;., Vol. II. p. 

'! v 1647. 
B Chaulkly 
James Green 

Tho. ( 'arter jr. 
Mighil Smith 

■ 

Manua Sally 
Jamea Pike 
Itii liM I [arrington 
Sam. Carl 
John Wayte 
Law. Dowse 

\\ in. 1'ii'' 
EdW White 
Mr. John Wil 
Win. [larvy 
Win. Kerly 
I .' ■ \ ton 
Thom. T.i\ et 
.John N\ It- 
John Stebben 
John Wletnv jr. 

Payne 
David ffiske 
1 'avid Stone 
Philip ( looke 
John Harris 
Thom. Boj dea 
Mr. S.imii. 1 lanford 
Willi. Aim 1 -; 
1 >.mi. Kemi ' 
Jonah ( ! looke 
Idiom. Unit 
John Smith 

Bartbo. ( Iheever 

John -Miriam 

(Franc. Kendall 
Wm. Cotton 
George Munioy 
Rich. Hassall " 

Win. Butrick 
Geo. Barber 
Ko. Wares 

Thom. Jordan 
John Metcalfe 
John Bakor 
Henry Wight 
James Allen 
Natha. Adams 
Win. Holbro 
'Idiom. Dun 
Thom. fibster 
Thom. I'rat 
Rob't Rendell 
Tho. Poget 
Geo. Davies 



124. 



John Peii 

i /• i If. p. 1G;J. 
Lprfl 16 18, at Spring- 
field. 

John Pynchon 
Elitzur Holioak 

1 1 en ry Hurt 

r Pritchard 

i. Wright 
Willi. Branch 

a JR., 1 // ;>. 101. 
10 May 1648, 
Mr. Edw* l).ni 
1 I Venison 

Thom. * toburne 
Benin N 

Thom. Hartshorn 
Thom. Kendall 
Wm. Hooper 
Edw" Taj N'r 
Rich. Holbro 
Willi. Daniel 
Rich. Hardier 
Wm. N< ('(lain 
Samn. B 
John Chickly 
J. in.. ! 

IM.il. in. Whale 
Henn R 

M Samu. Danibrth 
M Sam. M ithei 

\ 
John Staple 
Benia. Negus 

\llell 
John Pi 

Symon Tome 
B iitho. Porsune 

a a'., i r. //. p. 

\|.iil 1649. 
Mad- Springfield. 

Th 'Hi. Cooper 
Griffin Jones 
I )a\ id Chapin 

I A'.. I I II. P . W7. 

■_' May 1649, 

Mr. Willi. Browne 
Joseph ftarnworth 
Rob't Brick 
John Maynard 
Alexand' ffeild 
Jona. Michell 
Samn. Ilaward 
Rob't Browne 
( i arret Church 
Josn a Stubbs 
John Butler 
John Turner 
Thorn. Saretell 



192 



List of Freemen. 



[April, 



Samu. Hides 

Thorn. Baker (227) 

Josua ffisher 

Corneli. ffisher 

John Blanchard 

John Hull 

John Harwood 

Will. Merriam 

Nathani. Sternes 

Peter Lyon (228) 

C.R., Vol. II. pp. 227,228. 

3 May 1649. 
John Ward 

C. R., Vol. II. p. 228. 

22 May 1650. 
John Shepheard 
Henry Prentice 
Abraham Busby 
Jacob Greene 
Richard Stower 
Thomas Welch 
Wm. Pajne 
David Mattocke 
John Saunders 
Robt Parmiter 
Peeter Addams 
John Jones 
Joshua Edmonds 
Wm. Underwood 
Natbaniell Bale 
Joseph Mirriam 
Isacck Addington 
Habbacuck Glover 
Samuell foster 
John Weld 
Robt Harris 
George Brand 
Samuell Williams 
Thomas Hanford 
John Parker 
Mr. John Knoules 
John Ball 
Rob' Pearse 
Henry Mason 
Wm. Ireland 
Edmond Browne 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 1 

7 May 1651. 

Mr. Sam. Haugh 
Rich. Whitney 
Rich. Ouldam 
Wm. Hamlett 
John Taylor 
Henry Butler 
George ffry 
Wm. Pratt 
Wm. Blake 
Aron Way 
Josias Convers 



John Brookes 
John Mousell 
Hugh Thomas 
Charles Grise 
Martjn Saunders 
Samuel Kingsly 
Wm. Owen 
David Walsby 
Edward Rise 
Solomon Johnson 
Georg Dell 

C. R., Vol. IV p. 33. 

26 May 1652. 

Joseph Rocke Bost. 

James Richards " 

Tho. Emans " 

Henry Steevens " 

Jo. Marrjon " 

Rob 1 . Sanforth " 

Joshua Brooke Cone. 

Joseph Knight Woob. 

Hen. Baldwine " 

Rich. Gardiner " 

Jn° Sawen Wate r 

Ric. Norcrosse " 
NiccolasWilljams Roxbur. 

Isacke Heath " 
Wm. Garey 

Peleg Heath " 

Tho. Brewar " 

Jacob ffrench Weim. 

Wm. Atwood Charlst. 

ffrancis Moore " 

Dan. Bloget Camb. 

Wm. Bordman " 

Solomon Martjn And. 

James Blake Dorch. 

Tho. Prentice Rox. 

Jn°. Pier Point " 

Moses Colljer Hing. 

Jn°. Fering " 
C. R., Vol. IV. p. 75. 

Feb. 1652-3. 

Tho. Wise wall Dorch. 

Norcross Water. 

Rob*. Howard Dorch. 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 75. 

18 May 1653. 

Mr. Wm. Hubbard I. 

Symon Stone W. 

Sam. Stratten " 

Abra. Newell Rox. 

Jos. Griggs " 

Tho. Stowe C. 

Wm. Martjn Read. 

Wm. Eaton " 

Jonas Eaton " 

Tho. Marshall " 



Newb. 
Maid. 



Weim. 



Tho. Dwight Ded. 
Tho. Medcalfe 
Wm. Hilton 
Tho. Skinner 
Jn°. Sprage 
Nath. Upham 
Rich. Boulter 
Tho. Whitman 

Walter Cooke " 

Jn°. Guppee " 

Jn°. Thompson " 

Jonas Humphry " 

Richard Porter " 

Wm. Reade " 

Joshua Hubbard Hing. 
Jerremiah Hubbard " 

Jn°. Wight Meadf. 

Wm. Patridg " 

Joseph Clarke " 

Nath. Souther Boston. 

Steeven Pajne u 

Joseph Addams " 
C. R., Vol. IV. p. 113. 

16 Nov. 1652. 

Appeared before the Com- 
missioners at Kittery, and 
submitted to the Govern- 
ment of Massachusetts; 
the record of their oath 
does not appear. 

Tho. Withers 
Jn°. Wincoll 
Wm. Chadborn 
Hugh Gunison 
Tho. Spencer 
Tho. Durston 
Rob'. Mendam 
Rise Thomas 
James Emery 
Christian Remeth 
Niccolas ffrost 
Rob'. Wei mouth 
Humphry Chadorne 
Charles ffrost 
Abraham Cunley 
Richard Nason 
Mary Bayly 
Daniel Paule 
Jn°. Diamont 
Georg Leader 
Jn°. Symons 
Jn°. Greene 
Hugbert Mattoone 
Gowen Wilson 
Wm. Palmer 
Jerre. Shrires 
Jn°. Hoord 
Tho. Spinny 
Nath. Lord 



1849.] 



List of Freemen. 



193 



Joseph Mile 

Antipas Mavericke 
Niccolas Shapleigh 
A nt ho. Emery 
Reignald Jenkin 

Jn'.' White 
Tho. Jones 
Dennis Douning 
.In°. Andrewes 
Daniel) Davies 
Phillip Babb 
W m Everett 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 116, 

22 Nov. 1652. 

At Accomenticus or Gor- 
geana. 

Mr. Edward (Jodfry 
Tho. Crocket 
Jn°. Aleoeke 
Wm. Dixon 
Ric d . Codogan 
George Parker 
Andrew Lvered 
Rob 1 . Knight 
Wm. Rogers 
Sam. Aleoeke 
Joseph Aleoeke 
Peter Wjer 
Phillip Addams 
Mr. firauncis Raines 
Lewis 

Rob, Ed [blotted] 

Phillip Hatch 
Jn° Davis 
Niccolas Bond 
Mr. Edw. Johnson 
Hugh Gajle 
Win. Garnesey 
Rich. Banukea 
Edw. Wentom 
George Rrancen 
Mary Topp : acknowledged 
herself subject &e. only. 
Mr. Wm. Hilton 
Wm. Moore 
Henry Donell 
Edward Stirt 
Rowland Young 
Jn°. Parker 
Arthur Bragdon 
Wm. Ellingham 
Jn°. Tuisdale jun*. 
Tho. Courteous 
Silveste^ Stover 
Tho. Dennell 
Mr. Edward Rush worth 
Jn°. Harker 
Niccolas Davis 
Sampson Angier 
Mr. Henry Norton 



Rob* Hetherse 

Win. HVeathy 

Jn° Davis 

Jn° Tuisdall Ben", 

Mr. Abra. Preble 

Mr. Jn". Conch 

Mr. Tho. Whelewright 

a r, Vol. iv. P . no. 

4 July 1653. 

Inhabitants of Wells: at 
Wells. 

Joseph Emerson 
Ezek. Knight 
Jn°. Gooch 
Joseph Boules 

Jn'than Thing 

John Barrel sen*. 

C. R.. Vol. IV. p. 142. 

5 July 1G53. At Wells. 

Henry Boade 
Jn°. Wadly 
Edmond Letlefeild 

Jn°. Saunders 

Jn°. White 

Jn° Bush 

Rob 1 Wadly 

flfrauncia Litlefeild sen'. 

Wm. Wardell 

Samuel] Austin 

Wm. 1 lamans 

Jn°. Wakefeild 

Tho. Milles 

Antho. Litlefeild 
Jn°. Barrett juni. 
Tho. Litlefeild 
ffrauncis Litlefeild jun. 
Nicho. Cole 
Wm. Cole 

C. £., Vol. IV. p. 142. 

5 July 1G53. 

Inhabitants of Saco, sworn 
at Wells. 

Thomas Willjams 
Willjam Scadlocke 
Christopher Hobbs 
Thomas Beading 
Richard Hitchcocke 
James Gibbins 
Thomas Rogers 
Phillip Ilinckson 
Robert Booth 
Richard Cowman 
Ralfe Tristram 
George Barlow 
Jn°. West 
Peter Hill 
Henry Maddock 



Thomas Hah' 

C. R.. I ol. IV. p. 145. 

5 July 1 658. 

The Commissioners of Wells 
and Saco were empow- 
ered to give the oath of 
freemen to 

John Smith Saco. 

Richard Ball Wells. 
Richard Moore 

J u'. Elson " 
Arthur Wormestall " 

Edward Choke M 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. it.">. 

5 July 1653. 

Inhabitants of ( Jape Porpus, 

sworn at Wells. 
Morgan I [owell 
Christopher Spnrrell 
Thomas Warner 
Griffin Mountague 
.John Baker 
Wm. Renolls 
Steven Batsons 
( Jregory Jeofferjes 
Peter Turbat 
Jn". Cole 
Symon Trott 
Ambros Bury 

C. R, Vol IV. p. 146. 

3 May 1G54. 

J »hn Morse 
Jacob Eliott 
Jn°. Tinker 
Hugh Drury 
Jn°. Parker" 
Tho. Weld 

Jn°. Rugles 
Nath. Glover 
Isacke Jones 
Tho. Hinksman 
Sam. Hunt 
Caleb Brooke 
Tho. Marsh 
Michaell Knight 
Jn°. Kent 
Tho. Battle 
Tho. Herring 
Joseph Child 
ffranc. Whitmore 
Tho. Sawer 
Jn°. Greene 
Joseph Champney 
Alex. Marsh 
Jn°. fasell 
Edw. Addams 
Wm. Chard 
James Smith 



194 



List of Freemen, 



[April, 



Andrew ffoored 
Jn°. Smith 
Wm. Marble. 

C. R., Vol IV. p. ISO. 

23 May 1655 * 

Mr. Seaborn Cotton 
Abra. Newell 
Joseph Griggs 
Tho. Stowe 
Mr. Wm. Hubbard 
Win. Martyn 
Win. Eaton 
Jonas Eaton 
Thomas Marshall 
Tim . Dwight 
Tho. Medcalfe 
Win. Hilton 
Tho. Skinner 
Jn°. Sprauge 
Nathan. Uphani 
Rich. Boulter 
Thomas Whitman 
Walter Cooke 
Jn°. Guppee 
Jn° Thompson 
Jonas Humphry 
Rich. Porter 
Wm. Reade 
Symon Stone 
Sam. St atten 
Joshua Hubbard 
Jerremv Hubbard 
Jn°. Wight 
Wm. Patridge 
Joseph Clarke 
Steeven Pajne 
Joseph Addams 
Wm. Johnson 

C. JR., Vol. IV p. 194. 

14 May, 1G56. 

Mr. Sam. Bradstreet 
Mr. Sam. Whiting 
Mr. Wm. Thompson 
Job Lane 
Jn°. Freary 
Tho. Read 
Tho. Basse 
Hen. Wooddey 
Abr. Jackewish 
Jn°. Chadwicke 
Steeven Gates 
Abr. Ripley 
Jn°. Ripley 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 219, 

6 May 1657. 

Willjam Lane 
Henry Douglas 



Joseph How 
Wm. Dinsdale 
Amiell Weekes 
Roger Sumner 
George Sumer 
Justinian Houlden 
Anthony Beers 
Jer. Beales 
Rich. Griffyn 
Humphry Barrat 
Jacob Park 
Leonard Hurryman 
Francis Weyman 
Sam. Stone 
Tho. ffaxon 
Jn°. Dussett 

C. JR., Vol. IV p. 241. 

13 July 1658. 

Inhabitants of Black Point, 
Blue Point, Spurwinke, 
and Casco Bay, sworn at 
Spurwinke, by Commis- 
sioner^. 

(Francis Smaley 
Nicho. White 

Tho. Stamford 
Jonas Bayly 
Robert Corbyn 
Xathaniell Wallis 
Arthur Angur jun. 
John Phillips 
Rich. Martyn 
Georg Lewis 
Ambrose Bod en 
Samnell Oakcman 
Andrew Brand 
Mich. Madinde 
Tho. Hamot 
George Taylor 
Henry Jocelyn 
Georg Cleane 
Rob' Jordan 
Jn°. Bonighton 
Richard fib x well 
Henry Watts 
ffranc. Neale 
Abra. ffellew 
Ambros Boden sen r . 
Mich. Mitten 
Jn°. Symes 
Nico. Edgcomb 

C. R., Vol. IV p. 295. 

30 May 1660. 
Colonell Wm. Crowne 
Augustine Lindon 
Tho. Dwisdsall 
Tho. Watkins 

[To be continued.] 



Hugh Clarke 
Jn°. Majes 
Sam. Majes 
Jn° Elliott 
Alex. Pannly 
Wm. Wheeler 
Jn°. Billing 
Tho. Rice 
Mathew Rice 
Hen. Spring 
Jacob Heurn 
Nath Clap 
Tho. Rand 
Josiah Hubbard 
James Whitton 
John Nutting 
Phillip Read 

C. R., Vol. IV p. 336. 
27 May 1663. 
Mr. Jn°. Croad 
Charles Gott 
Exercise Connant 
Samuel Champneys 
Jonathan Hide 
Zech. Hicks 
Abr. Holman 
Jn°. Stratten 
Rob' Harrington 
Nath. Holland 
Rob'. Twelves 
Jn°. Ruggles 
Jn°. Thirston 
Wm. Clough 
Nath. Hutehinson 
Marke Batchiler 
Dani. Pearse 
Jos. Ellis 
Wm. Toy 
Laurenc. Waters 
Tho. Collier 

C. R., Vol. IV p. 416. 

19 Oct. 1664. 
John Coldam Gloucester. 
Mr. Robert- Gibbs, Boston. 
Mr. Abraham Browne u 
Mr. Richard Price " 
Arthur Mason " 

Samuel Gallop u 

C. R., Vol. IV p. 458. 

3 May 1665. 
" The several persons un- 
derw r rit returned by cer- 
tificates from the several 
ministers and selectmen, 
were by public suffrage 
of both magistrates and 
Deputies admitted to 



* Nearly a duplicate of the record under date of 18 May. 1G53. 



B49.] 



Ma I ' ' Uh$. 



L95 



MARRIAGES \M) DEATHS 



M A RRIAOE 

I, of tb« I 

I 'eb , hi V •• J liss M 

u i i \ i. Bosl in. 

i ! I 

i»i 

B A ETON, Ml, 1 
Chili, al St. I 

th.it country. 

J'- I. ii. i i Coi V A' Wj 

ton ' I I 

(I in M or. 

Bo 
Born 

IU8TA S M 

Brewster, L 
Dec, in Brooklyn N 1 

\ .l.i.i. ol ! ite r. W u 
Daooet, Mi l ! N 

M : 

\ V to Miss Jam 

Ephraim A ol Livo 

Denton, M ' ' ( 

In idge, ' i Feb , to Mil 3 Inn, 

il i ii ol iphen I 

p| ! > I. . i ' •: r . I > I > 

■vburyport, 

Miss M > b . 1 

drew Ellison, Esq., and late Prin 

oi Bradf n ! Aca lerny. 
] i i, Mr. G 3 ] R 

Miss Elizabeth C. Dai 

Boston. 
I i, Mr. S I 

Mrs. 8 a rah P. J i "i 

Oil. 

Fi i.i.m:. Richard R., Esq., ol 

> . in Canton, to Miss Sara ■ EL 
Batcbeldi r of Canton. 

( ; \ . 

Jan., to Miss Haeribi EL, dau. ol I 

Paul Chase of Brat! V*t. 

[in, Mr. James .M . of B 

N >v., to Miss M . , Ann, dau of 1! B 

Webb, Esq . of Bath. 
Hartshorn, John, 1 ' Miss 

Loo ISA F., dau. of late 

both o( Boston. 
How r. Dr. IN i i i, of Cambridge 

to M:-n [,, 9 | ,i, U i. f | a te Abijah 

White, Esq . of Watertown. 
Knight, Mb, Edward, l Feb, to Miss 

Elizabb ru II. Mo . of B >ston. 

Lawrence, Mr.JHo K riNO, of Cir- 

cleville, Ohio, IS Jan., at I'- 

Miss Pamelia Williams, dau. ol 

D II. Vinton of the D. 8. A. 
Moulton, Benjamin I'. 3 Jan., to Miss 

Julia M W. Leonard, both of Boston. 
Oyster, Mr. Geo . of New Jersey, I Feb., 

to Mrss Margarrt, daa. of Abraham 

Crabb, Esq., of Oyster Bay, Long Island. 
Perry, Oliver H., Esq., of Lowell, 3 



A H 

in < i 

I 

M 

M 

l 

. 1 1 

1 
m. 

I 

M ' 1 1 u - 

■ 
i i 

I 
v ' I 
II i 

( v, . 

■ l 
1 

I 
9 

in 
Bi n "i 

S. H 

m 
Th \ G. 1 

>n II . "^1 r 

I \ 1 1. 

I Mr. John N., 

re D., 
n H. W. II i'A kit ele- 

I 
1 W u. P. R - V. in 

\ ■ 
of !I I 
V\ i i 

N 
W., dau. of Mr. i I hey 

iched to the South African i 

' R the 

I' S N . in Was D. I 4isa 

LNRLIN, dau .;rd 

I hia. 

Wh klpli of tho 

American Whig R in New 

York, to M ss Ann Maria Well8 of 
Roxbury, Ms. 

Williamson, William Rawlins, Esq., 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 23 Nov., to Miss Car- 
oline, dau. of Col. Henry Hobart of 
Foxhorou^h, Ms. 

YoHNG, Rev. Joshua, of New North 



198 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[April, 



Church, Boston, 14 Feb., in Cambridge, 
to Miss Mary Elizabeth, dau. of Syl- 
vanus Plympton, M. D. 



DEATHS. 

Abbot, Miss Elizabeth, at Cambridge, 
27 Feb., a?. 33. She was the youngest 
child of the late Rev. Abiel Abbot, D. 
D., (the beloved Pastor, successively, of 
the First Churches in Haverhill and 
Beverly,) by his wife Eunice, daughter 
of Ebenezer Wales, Esq., of Dorchester; 
and was born March 24, 1815. Her life 
was one of almost uninterrupted physi- 
cal suffering; throughout which she 
displayed a truly Christian fortitude and 
resignation, and finally breathed her last 
at the house of her sister, Mrs. Charles 
Vaughan, late of Hallowell, but now of 
Cambridge. 

Adams, Mr. John, Hartford, Pa., 27 Feb., 
ae. 105. He was a native of Worcester, 
Ms., and spent much of his early life at 
what is now West Cambridge. 

Adams, Mr. Laban, Boston, 9 Jan., ae. G4. 

Alder, Mr. Jonathan, Cincinnati, 30 
Jan., ae. 75. "Mr. Alder was a native of 
New Jersey, but at a very early age re- 
moved with his parents to Wythe Coun- 
ty, Va., where his father soon after died. 
At about the age of eight, as young 
Alder and his brother David were out 
hunting for a stray horse, they were 
surprised and taken prisoners by a strag- 
gling party of Indians belonging to the 
Mingo tribe. David they soon killed, 
but Jonathan was taken to their village 
on the waters of Mad river, near to what 
is now the limit of Logan County, 
where he remained a captive until after 
Wayne's treaty in 1795, a period of 24 
years, never during that time receiving 
any intelligence of his mother, or any 
of his relatives. After Wayne's treaty, 
Mr. Alder, having accidentally learned 
that his relatives were still living in 
Virginia, paid them a visit, and was once 
more clasped in the arms of his aged 
mother, who had long since supposed 
him numbered with the dead. Mr. Alder 
returned to Ohio, married, and settled 
on a farm on Big Darby, where he re- 
sided until his death, respected by all." 
Cincinnati Times. 

Arnold, Col. Elisha, Cranston, R. I., 
11 Jan., ae. 87, a revolutionary soldier. 

Bartlett, Rev. John, Marblehead, 3 
Feb., ae. 66. Mr. B. was settled in Mar- 
blehead in 1811, and we know of few 
clergymen whose paternal regard for 
the people of his charge was more 
extensive, or whose loss would be more 
generally felt. 

Bates, Capt. Bela, Cohassett, 13 Jan., ae. 
77, for many years a master shipbuilder. 






Bigelow, Benjamin, Esq., Cambridge, 
24 Feb., ae. 83. Mr. Bigelow was one of 
the oldest inhabitants of Cambridge. 
He w 7 as born in Westminster, Worcester 
County, Aug. 6, 1765. His father, Jabez 
Bigelow, was a Lieutenant at West 
Point at the time of Arnold's treach- 
erous attempt to deliver that fortress 
into the hands of the British, and died 
at the age of 90. His grandfather, Elie- 
zur Bigelow, was the son of Joshua 
Bigelow, who served in King Philip's 
War, received a grant of land for his 
services, and lived to be 90 years of age. 
He was the son of John Bigelow of 
Walertown, who is said to have taken 
the Oath of Fidelity in 1636. His name 
in the ancient records is usually spelled 
Biggcly or Bigulah ; and the first mar- 
riage recorded in Watertown is that of 
"John Bigulah and Mary Warin,joyned 
in mariag before Mr. Nowell, the 30. 8. 
1642." Bigelow's occupation appears 
from the following entry in the Town 
Records, under date of March 4, 1650-1. 

" Agreed w th John Biglo y* for ten 
trees the towne allowed him for the set- 
ting up a shop for a Smithes forge, y l he 
shall either goe on w th y* his promise of 
setting up his trade, w h is the trade of a 
Smith, w th in one twelfmonth after the 
date hearoof, or else to pay unto the 
towne ten shillings for these ten trees he 
acknowledged to have off the townes." 

John Bigelow was chosen a Surveyor 
of Highways in 1652 and 1660; a Con- 
stable in 1663 ; and one of " the seven 
men" (i. e. Selectmen) in 1665, 1670, 
and 1671. His " Homestall " consisted 
of six acres, and was bounded north by 
Richard Ambler and William Parker, 
east by Thomas Straight,* south by the 
highway, and west by Miles Ives. He 
died July 14, 1703, aged 86 years. 

Benjamin Bigelow, the subject of this 
notice, was one of ten childien, all of 
whom lived to become heads of fami- 
lies, and two of whom still survive, one 
being 86 years of age, the other 73. Mr. 
Bigelow was the son of religious pa- 
rents, his mother, especially, being re- 
membered as "an eminently godly wo- 
man." Brought up in his native town, 
he was married to Rebecca Boman, in 
1790, and removed to Boston in 1802, 
and thence to Cambridge in 1804; from 
which time he was actively engaged in 
mercantile pursuits till 1835, when, pos- 
sessed of a competence, and beginning to 
feel the weight of years, he closed his 
public business concerns, and passed the 
rest of his days in retirement, on his 
beautiful estate, well known as the "In- 
man Farm," of Revolutionary memory. 

In early life Mr. Bigelow was honored 

* This name is not to be found in Farmer's Gene- 
alogical Register. 



L849.] 



Marriage 8 and Deaths. 



1!'T 



With important military trusts ; sen inff, 

als(», .is ;i volunteer in tiie loice which 

was raited to tuppresi Shays'a Rebellion. 
As an inhabitant of Cambridge, be en« 

joyed the respect and confidence of his 
fellow citizens. lie frequently was 

chosen Select man, and also an Ovei 

of the Poor, was repeatedly elected B 
reaentative to the Genera] Court: and 

Sustained tlie ollice o| AsseSSOl !"i a 

greater number of yean than almoat any 

other person in the town. 

After the death Of hi> wife, "which oc- 
curred some li . Mr. Bige- 

low, whose sight bad been gradually 
tailing for some time previous, toon he- 
came totally blind. But though bis 
hearing ws triously affected, and 

lie had buried nearly all oi his own gen- 
eration, he never appealed otherwise 
than cheerful. Surrounded by kind 

friends, he patiently awaited bis l 
and when it approached, sank to reel 
without a murmur and without B Strug* 

The leading traits in Mr. Bigelow'a 
character were, an earnest, but unosten- 
tatious, piety; a social disposition, which 
rendered his company agreeable to poi- 
sons of all ajjes ; an unbounded hospi- 
tality, which caused his noble mansion 
to he frequented by a large circle of 
friends; and an unbending integrity and 
high sense of honor in his intercourse 
with others. In addition to this, he 
was charitable to a proverb, so that it 
was said of him, u his heart is at large 
as that of an ox." 

On the Sabbath but one after nil 
cease, an affectionate tribute was paid to 
his memory by his Pastor, Rev. William 
A Stearns, in a discourse from l Chron. 
xxiv. 28, And he died in a good old age, 
fid I of days, > i< lies, and honor. 

Booth by, Wid. Sarah, Limington, Me., 

31 Jan., iv. SS yrs , f> mos., having had 1 1 
children. 56 grandchildren, and 52 great- 
grandchildren. 

Bowdkn, Mb, Samuel, Marblehead, G 
Feb., x. 98 yrs., 2 mos, 9 days. 

Bowf.n, Mr. Jeremiah, Landaff, N. H., 
10 March, a?., 98, a soldier of the Revo- 
lution. 

Bradford. Mr. Josi ah, Duxbury, 27 Jan., 
a?. 79 yrs., 2 mos., and 2 days. He was 
the youngest and last surviving of six 
sons of Capt. Samuel Bradford, who 
died in Duxbury while on a furlough, 
17 Feb., 1777, e. 47. 

Brooks, Hon. Peter C, Boston, 1 Jan.. 
as. 82. 

Brown, Mr. Robert, Belchertown, 13 
Feb., ae. 85. A Revolutionary soldier. 

Browne, Capt. Thomas, Portland, Me. 
2 March, ae. 81. 

Carr, Miss Judith, Newbury, 31 Jan.. 
ae. 90. 



CaSWELL, Rev. it Bankok. Siam, 

Sept., re. 90. He was an American 

Miasionaiy, had been nine years on that 

station, and died alter an ilic SS of only 
one week. 

Mb. Charles M.. in Havana, 
of consumption, 20 Jan . > . 2 1 : son oi 
Hon. John M. Clayton, ojf United States 
Sen 

I ,.I.i Tbomas, Bow. N. II .■.'■"> Dec, 
,-r. 92 : s Revolutionary soldier. 

Cka I I fart wick, Otsego 

Co., N. 1 a native of Monson, 

Mass . ai ! a Revolutionary stildier. 

Cbawfobd, Hob. Wm., Mobile, Ala 
I !.. . Judge <-i the 1 1, s. District Court. 

He ■ in in \ I \ id 

to Alabama in I E 

M as. Kitty, in Louisi ille, K f 
in Feb., as. 81. She was widow of the 
late Dr. John Crosby of Montpelier, 
and sister to Hon. John Locke and H 
ph Lock< I w ell. 

Cubbibb, Mi: Rich a bo, Methuen 
Feb., as ,; days. 

Ci ihino, Capt. John .\ . Newburyport, 
5 Jan., >., 8 mos.. father oi lion. 

Caleb Cushing. 

Davbbpobt, Mas. M\nv Jane, Boston, 1 
Jan.. bb b of Mr. ll.M' Davenport 

DavSRPOBT, Rev. RoBKBI J>.. Alexan- 
dria. T.a . 2 i Pee., tor man] mis< 
sionary at Siam from the Baptist Board. 
•,, Pbop. .' i m sa, LL. D . Burlington, 
\ t . 20 Jan Prof. I>- 
of Williard, b. >n oi William, b. 
1712, son (-i \\ illiam, b. 1 1 v '. son oi 
,l\i])r<. h. 1617. He was formerly Pro- 

feasor Of .Mathematics and Natural Phi- 

losophy in Vermont University, an i 
member of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences, and contributed 

eral very valuahle articles to the publi- 
cations of the Society. His contribu- 
tions may also he found in the American 
Journal of Science and of the Franklin 
Institute. He graduated at Dartmouth 
in 1800. 

Dean, Mrs. Sarah, Raynham, a?. 99, 
widow of late Hon. Josiah Dean. 

Dix, Lieut. Col. Roobb S.. Hillsboro', 
Pa., 7 Jan.. Paymaster of U. S A. 

Doltber, Mrs. Sarah. Marblehead, ae. 98 
yrs . 3 mos., and 21 di 

Drake, Mb. William. Middleboro', 14 
Dec, ce. 87, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
He served during nearly all the war, 
was in many trying scenes and con- 
flicts, and had a knee broken in the ser- 
vice. He was a son of Joseph Drake of 
Taunton, who was son of Benjamin of 
F.aston, who was son of Thomas of 
Weymouth, an original emigrant to New 
England. 

Drake, Mr. Noah, Torrington, Ct., 3 
March, 32. 91, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
He had taken the Hartford Cow ant above 



198 



Marriages and Deaths, 



[April. 



sixty years! He was son of Noah Drake 
of Windsor, Ct., who died in 1804, sa. 90, 
grandson of Enoch, great-grandson of 
Enoch who was son of John, son of John 
who emigrated from England and set- 
tled in Windsor, 1035 or 1636. His wife 
was Anna Parsons. 

Emerson, Mr. Joseph, Newburyport, as. 
81. Mr. E. was postmaster of Newbury- 
port during Washington's administra- 
tion. 

Everett, Mr. Otis, Boston, 4 Jan.. ae. 70. 

Fessenden, Miss Salome, Boston, 31 
Jan., ae. 80. 

Fish, Capt. Lewis L., in the Spa of Och- 
otsk, master of the Bremen whale ship 
Alexander Barclay, and a native of 
Sandwich, Mass. 

Ford, Hezekiah, E. Cleveland, Ohio, 
18 Dec, 33. 9L. 

Foster, Mrs. Sarah, Beverly, 22 Feb., 
as. 94 yrs. 11 mo. She w r as widow of 
late Ezra T. Foster, and dau. of Deacon 
"William Stickney of Billerica. 

Foote, Mrs. S. A., Cleveland, Ohio, 12 
Jan., widow of late Gov. Foote of Con- 
necticut. 

Fox, Joel, Dracut, 8 Feb., as. 91, a soldier 
of the Revolution. 

Gay, Mrs. Lucy, W. Dedham, 8 Feb., as. 
84, widow of late Lemuel Gay. 

Granger. Thomas, Middlebury, Ohio, 03. 
83, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Grimes, Capt. Eliab, in San Francisco, 
California, 7 Nov., ae. 69, a native of 
Fitchburg, Mass. 

Hale, David, Fredericksburg, Va., 20 
Jan., ae. 59, editor of the New York Jour- 
nal of Commerce. 

Harris, Sarah Duncan, South Boston, 
16 Dec, 1848, ae. 17. She was the eldest 
daughter and second child of Mr. John 
Alexander and Mrs. Harriet Miller Har- 
ris, and granddaughter of the late Rev. 
Thaddeus Mason Harris; and was born 
Dec. 30, 1831. She died of a rapid con- 
sumption, after a sickness of but a few 
short months. 

Haven, Mrs. Abigail, Portsmouth. N. 
H , ae. 92. She was w r idow of the late 
Samuel Haven, Esq., who died in 1825, 
ae. 71, and was eldest son of Rev. Sam- 
uel Haven, D. D., for many years pastor 
of the South Parish in Portsmouth. 

Hicks, Mrs. Sarah, Warren, R. I., 1 
Feb., ae. 90, widow of Capt. Samuel 
Hicks. 

Hinkley, Samuel, Esq., Hardwick, 29 
Jan., ae. 82, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Holman, Mr. Stephen, Bangor, 6 Feb., 
ae. 88, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Holman, Mrs. Susanna, Millbury, 25 
Feb., ae. 89, widow of the late Col. Jon- 
athan Holman of the Revolution. 

Howe, Widow Lucy, N. Salem, 2 Mar., 
ae. 86 years 10 mo., a Revolutionary pen- 
sioner. 



Jewett, Mr. Enoch, Hollis, N. H., ae. 91. 
He was a Revolutionary soldier from the 
battle of Bunker Hill to the end of the 
war. 

Johnson, Capt. Silas, Amherst, 13 Mar., 
33.86. A soldier of the Revolution. 

Kellogg, Major Chester, Amherst, 7 
Jan., 61. 

Knapp, John, Esq., Boston, 9 March, ae. 
70. He was a graduate of H. C. in the 
class of 1800. 

Kramer, Mr. Melchior, Boston, 23 Feb., 
33. 50. 

Lamb. Mrs. Rosanna, Boston, 10 March, 
33. 89, widow of late Thomas Lamb. 

Larkin, Samuel, Esq., Portsmouth, N. 
H., 10 March, as. 76. Mr. Larkin has 
long been known as one of the most re- 
spected, upright, industrious, useful citi- 
zens of that town. He was faithful and 
exemplary in the discharge of all his 
duties as a citizen, a friend, and a Chris- 
tian. He bore prosperity without pride, 
and adversity without complaint. His 
loss is one that will be severely felt by 
his friends, his townsmen, and the com- 
munity at large. 

Latham, Mr. William, Ledyard, Ct, 29 
Jan., 03. 85, one of the defenders of Fort 
Griswokl. 

Leavitt, Mr. Joseph M., Boston, 19 
Feb., as. 44 yrs. 7 mo. Mr. L. was long 
a respectable member of the firm of B. 
& J. M. Leavitt, merchants, Boston. 

Le Baron, Dr. Isaac, Plymouth, 29 
Jan., ae. 71. 

Leonard, Mr. David, as. 84, and Mr. 
Benjamin, ae. SO, brothers. Their deaths 
occurred about two hours apart, and 
they were buried in the same grave. 

Leonard, Dr. Jonathan, Sandwich, 26 
Jan., 33. 86, a graduate of H. C. in the 
class of 1786. 

Loring, Mrs. Ellen Maria, N. Ando- 
ver, 4 March, ae. 24, dau. of Hon. Daniel 
P. King. 

Loring, Mr. David, Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 
Jan., ae. 64. Mr. Loring removed from 
New York to Cincinnati thirty-five 
years since, and by a life of industry and 
perseverance has done more there to- 
wards beautifying the city w ? ith substan- 
tial structures than perhaps any other 
man now living. He was a devoted 
student of the doctrines of Sweden- 
borg, scrupulously just in all his inter- 
course with his fellow men, upright in 
his course through life, and enriched by 
the love and respect of all who knew 
him. 

Loring, Mrs. Love, Cambiidge, 18 Jan., 
ae. 74. 

Lyon, Miss Mary, South Hadley, 5 Mar- 
as. 52, Principal of the Mount Holyoke 
Seminary. 

Mason, Gen. John, CI arm on t, Va., 19 
March, as. 83. He was the personal and 



1849.] 



Marrlayca and Deaths. 



190 



intimate friend and associate of Jeffer- 
son, Madison, and Monroe, and during 
the administrations of the two last, filled 
offices of trust and honor, which he ac- 
cepted at their roq u> I 

Mills, Lt. Thomas, Dumbarton, N. H., 15 
Dec, SB 90. He retained his bodily and 
mental faculties to the lasl in a rem:' 
able degree. Ha was very abstemious, 
never drank any anient spirit, and never 
was sick a day in his life. He was the 
first person in the town who enlisted to 
join (ien. Stark at Bennington in 1777, 
and among the first who went over the 
breastworks of the enemy in that battle. 
During the war. Lt. Mills and a man 
named Piper, took prisoners seven men 
and two boys near a bridge over the 
Hoosick, although Mills and Piper had 
each a Hessian prisoner taken just be- 
fore. 

Morrill, Hon. Davis P , Concord, N. 
H., 28 Jan.. ;•.•. 78 yrs. 7 mo. is days. 
" Gov. Morrill was bom in Epping, this 
State, June 10. 1772; was the oldest son 
of Rev. S.imuel Morrill, aid grandson of 
Rev. b.aac Morrill, of Wilmington, Ms., 
both graduates of Harvard College. h\ 
1793 he settled at Epsom, as a physi- 
cian, where he remained until 1800. In 
October, of that year, he commenced the 
study of divinity, was approbated as a 
preacher the following .June, and 
ordained as pastor of the Presbyterian 
Congregational Church in Goffstown, 
March 2, 1802. In 1807, he resumed 
the practice of physic, and continued it, 
when not drawn from it by public dut 
until 1830. In 1811, at his own request 
he was dismissed from his pastoral du- 
ties to the church in Goffstown, on ac- 
count of il! health. In 1S0S he was 
elected a member of the Legislature 
from Goffstown, and was annually re- 
elected Representative until 1817; at 
the June session, 181 6, he was elected 
Speaker of the House of Representa' 
and the same session was chosen Sen- 
ator in Congress, for 6 years from the 
4th of March, 1817; his term expired on 
the 4th of March, 1823, and at the March 
election, of that year, he was elected a 
State Senator to represent the -Id Sena- 
torial District, and was chosen President 
of the Senate the following June. The 
next year he succeeded Governor Wood- 
bury 'as Chief-Magistrate of the State, 
and in 1825 he received 30,167 of the 
30,770 votes given for Governor in the 
whole State, that year. In 1826, in a 
sharp contest, he was re elected Govern- 
or, having for a competitor for the Gu- 
bernatorial Chair, the late Gov. B. Pierce 
of Hillsborough. 

In addition to the titles of ' Dr.,' ' Rev.,' 
•Gov..' 'Senator,' &c, Dartmouth Col- 
lege conferred upon him the titles, ' Mas- 



ter of Arts' ard ' Doctor of Mediant? and 
the University of Vermont added, Doc- 
far of Lairs. 1 "' — Cone. Dim 
Morris, Thomas, Esq., New York. He 

was for many years V. S. Marshall, and 
son of the celebrated Robert .Morris of 
Philadelphia. 

Mors*, Mr. Leonard, Sherborne, bb. . r >7. 

Misskv, Mrs. Brtsev Woodbury, wife 
of Benj. 1>. Mussey, Esq., of Boston, 20 
March, ss. 40 ye 

Mussey, Mrs. Dolly, N. Brighton, Me . 
5 Feb., SB. 91, widow of late Theodore 
Mu Jsey, 1 'sq . of Standi 

Ooirr, Lewis, Camden, Me., 30 Jan 
88, a soldier of the Revolution. 

br, Mrs. Eliza, Boston, 28 Dec. .-r. 
71, widow of late Hubbard Oliver. 

Mr. Eliab, N. Reading, 11 Feb., 
m - 

Prti RS, A.MOS, Mt. Airy, Hunterdon Co., 
N. J., 14 Jan., SB. BO, a sergeant in the 
Rev. army. u Several matrons of that 
period have left us within a few days, all 
over 90 years of age; among them Mi^. 
Amelia Lippincott, grandmother of S 
phens, the traveller and author, who died 
at Shrewsbury, Monmouth county, on 
the 27th ult.. in the 96th ber a<:e. 

■ lined tlf Br facul- 

ties to the last.'' — Nei <\<j Adv., 

»., L849. 

Mrs. Hannah, Hampton Falls, 

N. II, BB, 96. She ^ IS widow of late 
John Porter, and d in. of Hon. Meshech 
Weare, first Governoi of New Hamp- 
shire. She is said to have entertained 
at her house, Washington, Lafayette, and 
many Revolutionary worthi 

Potter, Capt. James, North Adams, 22 
Jan . B3. 89, a soldier of: 'lution. 

a :i Jews i i . lioston, 
5 Jan., 8B. 39, wile of Mr. Henry James 
Prentiss, and dau. of late Elipbalet Jew- 
ett, formerly of Salem. 

Prince, David, Esq., Cumberland, Me., 
3 Feb , ae. 95 yrs. 9 mo. 

Ra n da ll, Reu ben, Greenville Co.. N. Y., 
SB. 91, a Revolutionary soldier. He was 
a native of Connecticut, and 19 years of 
age when he entered the army. 

Reed, William Gordon, at Paris, 13 
Feb., a?. 37, eldest son of William Reed, 
of Boston, formerly of the house of 
Paine, Striker & Co., Batavia. Java. 

Salmon, John, Esq, Boston, 15 March, 
ae. 8.'5. Mr. Salmon has, through a long 
and active life, sustained the reputation 
of an honest man ami one of the most 
useful citizens. When about ten years 
old he witnessed the battle of Bunker's 
Hill and the conflagration of Charles- 
town. This he viewed from Corps 
Hill, and though he was at that time a 
mere child, the impressions made on his 
mind by that tragic scene remained clear 
and vivid till the end of his life. 



200 



Donations to the Society. 



[April. 



Sanderson, Mrs. Sarah, Roxbury, 14 

Jan., as. 98. 
Simpson, Mr. Benj., Saco, Me., ae. 94, one 

of the immortal " Tea Party." 
Stackpole, Absalom, N. Berwick, Me., 

30 Jan., ae. 96, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 
Stone, Catt. John, Worlhington, 20 

Feb., as. 96. He survived his wife, with 

whom he had lived sixty-five years, just 

two weeks. 
Stone, Mrs. Sarah, "Watertown, 27 Feb., 

as. 87, widow of late Jonathan Stone. 
Stone, William, Hallowell. Me., 33 S7, 

a Revolutionary soldier and one of the 

first settlers of the town. 
Ten Broeck. Rev. Petrus S., Danvers, 

21 Jan., 33. 57, formerly Rector of St. 
Paul's church in Portland. 

Thomas, Mr. Sidney, St. Louis, 28 Jan., 
33. 34, a native of Plymouth, Mass. 

Thompson, Mr. Benj. F., of Hempstead, 
L. I., suddenly, in the city of New Yoik, 

22 March. Mr. Thompson is extensive- 
ly known as the author of the history of 
Long Island, was for several years Dis- 
trict Attorney of Queen's County, and 
ranked among the most respectable 
scholars in historic and antiquarian lore 
that this country affords. 



Webster, Mrs. Cvnthia, widow of late 
Charles R. Webster of Albany, N. Y., at 
Albion, N. Y., 22 Dec, 1848, 33. 78. 

Wilkinson, Mrs. Betsey, Boston, 11 
Jan., 33. 66, wife of Simon Wilkinson, 
Esq. 

Williams, Miss Dorothy, Hadley, 7 
Jan., 33. 84, dau. of Hon. William Wil- 
liams, formerly of Dalton. 

Williams, Widow Elizabeth, Roxbu- 
ry, 31 Jan., 33. 89. 

Williams, Joel, Orange, N. J., 28 Feb., 
33. 85. He was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, and had lived with his wife, who 
survives him, sixty-one years in the 
same house where he died. 

Williams, Miss Julia, Northampton, 10 
March, 33. 65, eldest dau. of late Rev. 
Solomon Williams, of that town. 

Williams, Hon. Timothy S., Ithaca, N. 
Y., 11 March, Senator from the 26th 
district of that state. 

Wilson, Mrs. Jane, Bath, Me, 14 March, 
3?. 99. 

Wingate, Paine, Esq, Hallowell, Me., 
33. 61. 

Within, Samuel, Wilton, Me., 33. 9] yrs. 
8 mo., a Revolutionary pensioner. 

Woodbury, Mr. John, Boston, 24 Dec, 
33. SO. 



DONATIONS TO THE SOCIETY. 

Hon. Samuel Breck, of Philadelphia, an ancient Map of Boston, (1769) 

C. M. Taintor, Esq., of Shelburne, Ms., several MSS. of the Revolu- 
tionary period, and early newspapers. 

Rev. Erastus Wentworth, of Lebanon, 111., catalogue of the officers 
and students of M'Kendree College, 1848. 

Mr. S. T. Farwell, several valuable modern pamphlets. 

J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., do. do. 



r 



tlirThe publisher would ask pardon of all persons of the name of Fro- 
bisher — regularly entitled to that name — in the United States, for what 
may be considered ignorance on the part of the author of the "Memoirs of 
Sir Martin Frobisher," in the last number of the Register. The writer of 
that article will be acquitted even of the charge of ignorance, when we 
assure our readers that no such name is to be found among our subscribers ! 



tfHT Several valuable works sent to be noticed will receive attention in 
our next. 



gH" Many valuable communications are unavoidably deferred at present. 
They shall receive early attention. 



fg§* Mr. A. M. Griggs, of Chaplin, Ct., desires information respecting his 
name and family. 





c /[OtuJfoh/, 










ue ] ■ !\'.R. Dodge, 

s s . 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 



VOL. III. JULY. 1849. NO. ML 

NOTICE OF EDWARD RAWSON, 

8ECRKTARY OF THE COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY, FROM 1C50 TO 1G8<5. 

EDWARD Rawson, the reputed descendant and namesake of a cer- 
tain doughty Sir Edward Kawson, of ancient memory, was born in 
the village of Gillingham, upon the river Stour, in the County of J Mr-set, 

Old England, April 16th/ 1 1(>1~). Of his early life we know but little. 
lie was married, in due time, to Rachael, daughter of Thomas Perne, 
and granddaughter of that John Hooker, whoso wife was a Grindal, 
sister to Edmund (modal, u the most worthily renowned Archbishop of 
Canterbury," in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. By this marriage lie 
became connected with two of New England's greatest Divines, Hooker 
and Wilson, the latter of them, says Cotton Mather, " having for his 
mother a niece of Dr. Edmund Grindal j" and the same veracious 
chronicler makes honorable mention, in his life of Wilson, of the k * good 
kinsman of his, who deserves to live in the same story, as he now lives 
in the 'same Heaven, with him, namely, Mr. Edward Rawson, the 
honored Secretary of the Massachuset CJony." | 

Rawson came to New England in lb'3() or 1037, and became an 
inhabitant of the town of Newbury, then recently settled. His name 
appears on the list of twenty-six persons who were admitted Freemen 
in " the first in°g" J i/e. in March, 1687-8; and on the 19th of 
the following month, April, he was invested with the office of " publick 
notary and register for the towne of Newbury, and whilst he so remains 
to be allowed by the towne after the rate of five pounds per annum for 

* The ' ; Memorial of the Kawson Family," says, on pajre 5, that Rtuvson was horn 
April 15, 1015. But on pagQ 10 of the same work is a record, extracted from the Family 
Bible of the Secretary, in the following words: — "This may certify whome it may con- 
cerue that Edward Kawson (Secretary) was borne in Old England in the ye;, re of our 
Lord 1015, April IGtli," &c &c. The original record is stated to he "in the'lnrndwritin^ 
of his [the Secretary'*] son William," to whom the Bible descended on the death of his 
father, audit this is the ease, we can have little hesitation in preferring the date here 
given. 

t Mather's Magnaha, (fol. Lond. 1702.) Book III. pp. 41, 50. 

J Mass. Colony Records, Lib. I. fol. 195. 

13 






202 Notice of Edward Rawson. [July y 

his paynes." To this office was added that of a Selectman, and also 
that of " Commissioner for small causes ;" * arid he was chosen one of 
the Deputies to represent the town at the May and September sessions 
of the General Court. f Thus suddenly, in a few short months, was 
Edward Rawson elevated to civil office. We must suppose him to have 
been possessed of no ordinary talents for business, and of a large 
share of public spirit, thus soon to have recommended himself so favor- 
ably to the notice of his fellow townsmen, and to have taken his seat, 
at the age of three and twenty, among the legislators of the Colony. 
In 1639 Rawson again represented Newbury in the General Court, 
at its three sessions ; and at the May session the Colony Records % in- 
form us that he " is granted 500 acres at Pecoit so as hee go on with 
the busines of powder if the salt Peter come." In 1641 we again find 
him serving in the capacity of Commissioner for small causes in New- 
bury ; and in 1642 he was one of the committee to which " by the 
generall consent of all the freemen, the stinting of the commons was 
referred." § In September of this year he again appears as a Deputy 
to the General Court. In January, 1643-4, the Town Records of 
Newbury recite that " in consideration of Mr. Rawson' s keeping the 
towne book, it is ordered by us according to our power from the 
towne and courte granted to us, that he shall be freed and exempted 
from all towne rates for one whole yeare from the twenty-ninth of Sep- 
tember last to the twenty-ninth of September next 1644." || In May 
of this year, 1644, Rawson again took his seat in the House of Dep- 
uties ; and at the session in October, 

lt In answer to a petition p r ferd by M r . Rawson for land in refference to 
his Journey to the eastward, this Court graunts him two hundred acres 
uppon Cochituate River above Dover bounds not graunted to any others 
p r vided that Capt. Pendleton be Joyned w th Peter Coffin in laying out the 
same."1[ 

In 1645 Newbury was represented at the three ** sessions of the 

* Memorial of the Rawson Family, Coffin's History of Newbury, pp. 27, 28, 316. 

t As this statement apparently conflicts with that of the laborious historian of Newbury, 
on page 48 of his work, it behooves us to account for the discrepancy, in self-defence. 
Mr. Coffin says, under date of April 1, 1647, " At the same meeting the 'selectmen,' 
'one grand juryman,' a 'constable,' three 'waywardens,' and a 'deputy' to the general 
court were chosen. This deputy was Mr. Edward Rawson, who this year was chosen 
secretary of state, in room of Mr. Increase Nowell." This passage, taken in connection 
with the circumstance that the diligent author has not indicated, in any previous year, an 
election of a Deputy, has caused it to be inferred that Newbury was for the first time rep- 
resented in the General Court in the year 1647. But that this was not the case will be 
apparent from a glance at the Colony Records, which show that the Town was represent- 
ed, in May, 1636, by John Spencer; in September, of the same year, by Spencer and 
Edward Woodman; in December by Spencer; in 1637 by Woodman and John Wood- 
bridge, in March, 1637-8, by Woodbridge; in May, 1638, by Woodbridge and Rawson; 
&c. For a corroboration of this statement we would refer to New Hampshire Hist. Coll. 
II. 210, 21 1, 212, as more accessible to the general reader than the Colony Records. With 
regard to the Secretaryship, we would merely remark, in this connection, that from the 
Colony Records it appears that Increase Nowell was chosen Secretary, for the last time, 
cm May 2d, 1649, and was succeeded by Rawson at the next annual election, and not 
until then. 

t Lib. I. fol. 252. § Coffin's Newbury, pp. 33-4, 35-6. || Ibid., p. 40. 

f Colony Records, Lib. III. fol. 442-3. 

** " Att another Session of y e Generall Courte of Eleccons called by warrants by y* 
GouW y e 12 m 6 o . 1645: P'sent thereat the GouW Deput GouW & y e rest of y* 






1849.] Notice of Edward Rawson. 203 

teral Court by R iwson and R ird Dnmmer. The first session of 
the Court in this year n •' long, continuing fr »m M ly 1 Itfa until 

Saturday, July 5th/ Jn the last week of this protracted Bitting, hut :i day 
or two before their dissolution, the Deputie 1 the following vote : — 

"Edward Rawson is chosen & appointed Clarke to the house Depu*s for 
one whole yeere ; I all votea past in both houses & those alsoe y l 

e only by them into their R ►rds. M t 

In L646 R 'I his seat as Deputy, and his office of Clerk 

of the II ■ u ■ : and was ah ionjunction with k * M r Woodman and 

Bene r y Shorte," appointed and auth both I tend 

Bmale causes at Newbe'y for the ; ling to I. "J 

\ • the time he bu 9 lectman § in N py, 

and in N q mar- 

in N • rry, during thepleasure of the Court." | At this same 
aion, in November, L646, 

u Itt is Ordered " by the Deputi< Bdward Rawson shall have twenty 

markes allowed him for bis painesout of y 1 ' next levy v r 1 to y" Elooee 
of Depu'a fir two y ! \ 

This vote of the Deputi 1 "by both houses," and the 

irt, subsequently to it- pass ttered the following declaration in 

their Records : — 

" Mr. Edward Rawson having been employed to signe and transcribe all 
bills that passe in a booke, yet being sensible of tin- great expences and 
charge which this Court is at, and difficulty to rau i Bmall matters, not 
doubting of hi> being sensible with us then of, to meet in that n spect what 
was allowed him by us for one lervice, viz: twenty marks, -hall be 

all that shall be alowed him, and paid him out of the next levy for his 
service done, and he -hall do to the end of this Court, conceiving it to be 
but just in some measure to recompence labours of this kind, which we 
would not be backward in."** 

In L647 and L648 Rawson continued t Newbury in the 

General Court. In the former year he seems to have been superseded 
in his office as Town Clerk of Newbury, by " Mr. .John Lowle. ff In 

aits t"'' 1 all the dcpvts of y - last gtmraU Courtc excep 1 Left. Athcrton: who was 
sent out on special! occaodn." Col luc. 

At the session of the Court in October the Records inform us that there were present 
" all tht ilcpws. Capt Wyjj^in excepted • & y e depu's of Boston.'' Ibid. 

* See Savage's Winthrop, ii. 246. 

1 Colony Records, Lil>. III. fol. 21. — In the Memorial of the Rawson Family mention 
is not made of this early appointment, but of its renewal onlv. in 1649. 

tlbivl. Lib. III. fol. 66. \ Coffin, pp. 44. 40. 

|| Colony Records, Lib. II. fol. 244. — The passage in the text is from the Records of 
the General Court, properly bo called, kept by the Colonial Secretary. But the Records 
of the House of Deputies, which are indiscriminately numbered and cited as consecutive 
volumes of the Colonial Records, contain the following more minute entry, by Rawson 
himself, of this appointment: — u In Ans« to y c pcticon of y« Towne of Newbery Edward 
Rawson is Appointed & Authorized by this Courte to marry such as are published acord- 
ing to y e order of y e Courte & during" y c Courts pleasure.'' Col. Bee. Lib. III. fol 84. 
The fact that this appointment, trivial in itself, was made "m answer to the petition of the 
Town of Newbury" evidences the consideration in which Rawson was held by his fellow 
townsmen. 

U" Ibid. Lib. III. fol. 84. ** Ibid. Lib. II. fol. 245. ft Coffin, p. 48. 



204 Notice of Edward Rawson. U^r 

1648 he received two grants of land, the first, at the May session of 
the Court, of fifteen hundred acres, jointly with Rev. John Wilson, of 
Boston, " next adjoining to the three thousand acres granted to Mr. 
John Winthrop, at Paquatuck, near the Narraganset Country, hut in 
case Mr. John Winthrop perform not the condition with respect to the 
time limited, that then the fifteen hundred acres of the said Mr. Wilson 
and Mr. Edward Rawson shall be of the said three thousand acres 
granted to the said Mr. Winthrop ;"* the second grant is the subject 
of the following vote of the Court, passed at its session in October : — 

11 In answer to the petition of M r Edward Rawson for satisfaction in re- 
gard of charges he hath ben at & damages which he hath sustnynd about ( 
pvisions to make gunpowder It is ordred that in Regard of his great for- 
wardnes & Readines to advance so liopefull a designe as the makings of 
galtpeter within this Jurisdiction who for that end & purpose bath disbursed 
certayne moneyes to his great Losse & Damage p r sented to us at Large in 
his petition Delivered into the p r sent Court have therefore in Consideration 
of the p r mises & Answer to his sd petition given and graunted unto him & 
his heires forever five hundred acres of Land at Pequot to be Layd out by 
the appoyntment of this Court as also five pounds to be payd him out of 
the treasury."! 

Rawson was also one of two persons (Mr. Joseph Hills, of Malden r 
being the other) who were this year desired by the Court " to compose 
the amendments of the book of laws passed and make them as one ; 
one copy to remain in the hands of the committee for the speedy com- 
mitting them to the press, and the other to remain in the hands of the 
Secretary sealed up till the next Court.' , $ 

At the General Court which convened upon the 3d of May, 1649, 
the election of Rawson (who had appeared as sole representative from 
Newbury) to the office of Clerk of the Deputies is mentioned, in the 
following brief paragraph at the bottom of the page § whereon are in- 
scribed the names of those who composed the civil government for the 
year ensuing : — 

"Edward Rawson Cleric for y 8 yeere." 

Captain Thomas Wiggin and Rawson had been appointed by the 
General Court of the Colony to settle the estate of William Waldron, 
of Dover, " a good clerk and a subtle man, their Recorder, and also 
Recorder of the Province of Maine under Sir Ferdinando Gorge/' who, 
4i returning from Saco about the end of September, 1646, alone, pass- 
ing over a small river at Kennebunk, was there drowned, ond his body 
not found until near a month after." || Having accomplished the 
duty thus imposed upon them, Wiggin and Rawson asked to be dis- 
charged from their trust, and upon the 10th of May, 1649, 

il In Ans r to the petition of Capt Tho Wiggin & Edward Rawson The 
Courte dudgeth it meete their accompt be accepted and they discliardged 
and that Mr. Rawson be allowed out of the Estate of the said Waldeine 
lor his paines in & about the matter of his petition flforty shillings and 



k 



* RawPOTi Memorial, p. 128. J Coffin, p. 50. 

t Colony Records, Lib. III. fol. 159. $ Colony Records, Lib. III. fol. 209. 

1 Savage'8 Winthrop, ii. 278. 



Ill 

til. 



1849.] Notice of Edward Rawson. 20. r > 

<';ipt Wyggin thirty shillings & that tl. I the said Win Walderne 

*iii _r of lands houses & cattle arc hereby Appointed to be ft Retnayne 
the hands of Hate Evill Nutter 4b John II. ill af Dover to dispose of as 
v Judge may best tend to the [mpvemeat of the E e & to be ready 

to be accotnptable when the Courte shall think meete to call for it for j* 

satisfaccon <>i the Creditors."* 

A' • » Court of Elections in Boston, Maj 2, L649, Incre 
was for the last time E the ( .At the i 

annual election, on the 22 M .. l I 0, Edward Rawaoil was 

1 to the office which Nowell had filled, without interruption, since 
the year 1636. With his appointment B a new volume 

of the Colonial Records, on the fin e of which is written, in hii 

own hand, 

41 At ■ General! Con*! of Bleeeom held si B '): 

Edward Rawson geat was chosen Secretary." f 

The R lords of the Deputies for this period, which ai 1 in 

what is numbered as the third rolume of the Colony Et rds, give 
Rawson's name at 5 ry, and, at the end of the list of the mem- 

bers of the lower how , rd J that 

u Left. \V'". Torrey was chosen Clarke for this next veere," 
as sue to Rawson, who had, probably, been their Clerk ever since 

his fire! election to the office, in 1645. 

Edward Johnson, in his u Wonder-working Providence of Siona 
Saviour in New England," published in London, in L 654, a beautiful 
copy of which lies before us at this n raient, enum< ; tho 

A * able instruments that were skill'd in I im >n-wealth work/ 1 with 
Which, as he tells d m the Lord was plea theae his 

people," 

" Mr. Edward Rawson, a young man, yei imployed in Common-wealth 
affaires a long time, being well l" loved of the inhabitants of Newbery, 
having bad a large hand in her Foundation; but 1"'. being of a ripe 

capacity, a good yeoman, [penman?] and eloquent inditer, hath been 
ahosen Secretary for the Countrj 

At the meeting of the Commisf i of the I ited Colonies at New 
Haven, in September, L651, Rawson was chosen Bteward or agent 
*Mor the receiving and disposing of such goods and commodities ai 
shall be sent hither by the Corporation in England for the Propagating 
AeGospel amongst the Indiana in New England.' 1 The record of tho 
proceeding is as follows : — 

" For the better ordering and carrying on the afiayres of the Indians in 
■aspect af the gifts procured for them by the Corporacon in England tho 
Comissioners leave made choise of Mr. Edward Rawson as a Steward to 

receive and dispose of the same ; and have entreated the Comissioners 
of the ftfassachusets to treat with him about his Employment and Salary 
and if bee acei pt thereof to deliver him the ensueing Comission if hee 

refuse the said Comissioners are desired to appoint and agree with sum fitt 
person for that work for this yeare next ensueing " (J 

* Colony Records. Lib. III. fol. o 2 6. f Ibid. Lib IV. fol. 1. J Ibid Lib. III. fob 253. 
§ Johnson's History of New England, (sm. 4to. Loud. 1634,) p. 109. 
!| Hazard's State Papers, II. 187-8. 



4 



206 Notice of Edward Rawson. [July, 

This appointment was accepted by Rawson, but it has been stated 
that " in this office he did not give so much satisfaction as in the oth- 
er," i. e. that of Secretary. " The Praying Indians complained to 
Ratcliffe and Randolph that they could not get cloaths, sc, which 
were allowed them." * The only authority which we have been able 
to find for this statement is the following passage in a letter f from 
Edward Randolph, New England's sorest enemy, dated at Boston, (in 
New England) Oct. 27, 1686, to the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Says Randolph : — 

"I have taken care to informe myself how the money sent over hither 
for the Company of Evangelizing Indians in New England (for soe by 
their Pattent from his late Majesty they are stiled) is disposed of here. 
Here are seven persons, called Commissioners or Trustees, who have the 
sole manage of it ; the chief of which are Mr. Dudley, our President, a 
man of a base, servile, and antimonarchicall principle, Mr. Stoughton, of 
the old leaven, Mr. Richards, a man not to be trusted in publique business, 
Mr. Hinkley, Governor of New Plimouth Collony, a rigid Independant, 
and others like to these. The poor Indians (those who are called minis- 
ters) come and complaine to Mr. Ratclieffe, our minister, that they have 
nothing allowed them. We have spoken to the Commissioners to have 
some allowance for them ; all we can gett is the promise of a coarse coat 
against winter, and would not suffer Aaron, an Indian teacher, to have a 
Bible with the Common Prayer in it, but took it away from him. This 
money is not less than three or four hundred pounds which is yearly re- 
turned over hither, (some say six hundred,) with which they enrich them- 
selves, yet charge it all as layd out among the poore Indians. I humbly 
presume to remind your Grace of your promise to me, when in England, 
that a commission should be directed to some persons here, unconcerned, 
to audit and report their acts of this money." 

In a former letter,} dated May 29, 1682, to the Eishop of London, 
Randolph writes, 

" In my attendance on your Lordship I often exprest that some able 
ministers might bee appoynted to performe the officies of the Church with 
us. The maine obstacle was, how they should be mainetayned. I did 
formerly, and do now, propose, that a part of that money sent over hither 
and pretended to bee expended amongst the Indians, may be ordered to 
goe towards that charge. I am told by credible persons that there is nigh 
two thousand pounds of that money put out to interest in this country. I 
Tcnow two hundred hath bin for many yeeres in the hands of Mr. Rawson, 
their Secretary, who is now pressed for to 'pay the money, to his utter 
ruin'' 

It is more than probable, indeed it is perfectly apparent, from other 
passages in Randolph's letters, that the real cause of his disinterested 
zeal for the proper application of the funds devoted to " Evangelizing 
Indians," was his desire to establish the rites and ceremonies of the 
Church of England on the strong Puritanical soil of New England, 
and to bestow thereupon the surplus funds of the country, as well as 

* See Eliot's New England Biographical Dictionary, Art. Rawson. 

t See it in Hutchinson's Collection of Papers, pp. 552-3. t Ibid, pp. 531-4. 



( 



1849,] Notice <>/ Edward IUw*on. 207 

himg -If' at tfa II nee no looo is 

tu !>>• p] i ■ id upon In 

\ q of the I i iner d I ' >urt in the month oi Octotx .1 i . 

" lis Ordred thai M Edward Rawson Seereitary to I ill Court 

shall henceforth be Recorder for the County S i -1 thai li' Aspin- 

wall shall deliver him all the records belonging to the >' County." * 

In thai dark day of New England's I d of tl 

ion of the Quakers, Rawson was, unforl y, hurried along by 

the torrent of popular fa ; .1 his name too frequ jura 

Bpon the records of th il _ r l >omy pei . ■■ I ' ' /> 

mqrtuis nil niri lene. This i only blemish upon t ; i" fair fai 

of the E try, and n hope that 1. Luct daring this 

nentj chargeable, perhaps, in a are to his peculiar 

sition, ma alanced by the virtuous da an, a] 

ently, otherwise irreproachable life. 

On the 6th oi May, 1657, the General Court 

u Graunted to M r Edward Rawson Sec, in reflfi rvice to the 

Eastward 200 Acres of land to what he hath already had to b< I out not 
in terf earing with former graunts.'t 

Rawson's salary as Se k, '"it £20 per annum, 

but was subsequently i I r > £60. II ■ retained his 

animal election, often receiving grants of land, &c, for "extraordi- 
nary services," until the arrival ox Edward Randolph from Engl ' i 
1686, a circumsta which, of itself, affords 
good i in which he was held thr the C 

On the L5th of May, L686, arrived in B R 

Frigate, bringing Edward Randolph, th r of a Commission | 

to J jeph Dudley as President, and sixl I i, oi 

New England, until a Governor in I if should b inted by the 

King. Elandolph had also with him the King's C >mD } to h 

self, bearing date, Sept. 21, L685, as "S R 

of New England, including the Colo 1 md Now 

Plymouth, the Provinces of N i Hampshire and Maine, the Narran- 
gansel Country, commonly called the King's Provin . id the islands 
appertaining to either and all of th vend Colonies and territory - 

The Commission for Dudley having been laid before the General Court, 
that body resolved upon an answer, which was drawn up and Bigned 
by Edward Rawson ; and this was probably his last official act. The 
Court ordered the Secretary to deliver the government records to a 
committee which it appointed to take charge thereof, and adjourned.} 
From Rawson's petition to Ajldros, we learn that the Governor in 
Chief, who arrived in December, 1 9 . smployed him " in the custody 
and remethodizing of the books, records, and papers for future use and 
delivering them over to Mr. Elandolph," with u gracious promise of 
consideration for the same ;" and we may also infer, from the same 

* Colony Records, Lib. ITT. fbl. 829. t Ibid. Lib. TIT. fol. 200. 

t Boo an abstract thereof in Mass Tlist. Coll. V. 244-6. | See it, ibid. XXVII. 161-2. 

1 Hutchinson's History of Massaekusetts, (Sulera cd. : ) i. 306-8. 



208 Notice of Edward Rawson. [Jutyr 

document, that he was without the means of support, as he prays that 
he may receive " a satisfaction, not only for the two last years, where- 
in he hath actually served his Majesty, according to his former salary 
of sixty pounds per annum, but also some future yearly annuity or 
pension, out of his Majesty's Revenue here, for his sustenance." 
Whether his petition met with the desired reception, does not appear. 
He was not, as might have been supposed, reinstated in his former 
office upon the restoration of the old Charter Government, in April, 
1689. His age probably precluded him from any active participation 
in the " glorious revolution,'' and Isaac Addington was appointed 
Secretary. In the year 1691 was published a little work entitled 

" The Revolution in New-England Justified, and the People there Vin- 
dicated from the Aspersions cast upon them by Mr. John Palmer, in his 
Pretended Answer to the Declaration published by the Inhabitants of Bos- 
ton, and the Country adjacent, on the Day when they secured their late 
Oppressors, who acted by an Illegal and Arbitrary Commission from the 
late King James," &c. &c. 

This work is prefaced by an address of three pages "To the Read- 
er," signed by " E. R." and S. S." I conjecture these initials to be 
those of Edward Rawson and Samuel Sewall, the former now in the 
77th year of his age, respected for his gray hairs and past public 
services, the latter in the prime of life, and a member of the Board of 
Assistants. 

Rawson's residence in Boston is said to have been on " Rawson's 
Lane," afterwards called Bromfield Street ; and here we may presume 
he passed the last days of his life, meditating upon the wondrous 
change which had been wrought, the stirring events which had followed 
each other in rapid succession, since first he sought a home in the wilds 
of New England. And here, too, we may suppose he closed his eyes 
in peace, on the 27th of August, 1693, at the age of 78 years. 

Secretary Rawson had by his wife Rachael twelve children, seven 
daughters and five sons. His eldest child, a daughter, was left in 
England, where she was born, and where she married an " opulent 
gentleman," whose name is, unfortunately, not known. His sons Ed- 
ward, David, and John went to England, and there settled. Two of 
his daughters died young ; the remaining four were married, in Boston, 
respectively, to William Aubray, Rev. Samuel Torrey, of Weymouth, 
Thomas Rumsey, and Thomas Broughton. His two sons, William and 
Grindal, settled in this country, and of them, as well as of some of the 
other members of the family, we shall speak in a future number. 

Thus have we given a meagre sketch of the life of Edward Rawson. 
We expected to have been furnished with the materials for an extend- 
ed Biographical Notice ; but as our expectations were disappointed, we 
have been obliged to content ourselves with giving such particulars 
concerning him as could be gleaned from printed books, with the addi- 
tion of the few passages which met our eye in an exceedingly brief and 
hasty glance at the Colony Records, which, alone, if subjected to a 
proper examination, would furnish abundant materials for a Life of the 
third Secretary of the Massachusetts Colony. 






L849.] The Ann England Primer. -JO!) 



THE m:w ENGLAND PRIMES. 

ST< . Readers, Thi N i w Bn gland Peimsi I Is there mm of you 
to whom the Dane is oof ' familiar at a household word?" Can there a 
person be found who will not confess thai that one >lmrt lentenet 
awakens, ;»~ it irere by magic, ao interminable train of recollections, of 
commingled joy and sorrow — that it carries him hack to the days of his 
childhood, ami places before him the little square volume, with its dingy 
besplintered leaves and rude pictures, which was, at once, the source of 
childish amusement and anguish ? Who does not tuber the tedious 

moments, perhaps hours, during which he or she was doomed to con tho 
Assembly's "Shorter Catechism," ami the little comfort derived, while 
suffering chastisement \<>r the non-performance of the task, from the . \- 
ample of Job, ami the wonder caused by the patient fortitude «>f the pcr- 
lecuted patriarch, who, though be 

•• fee]! thr Ko.1 — 

Fell G i>." 

Finally, whose brain has not hern effectually confused by copious ami in- 
voluntary draughts of John Cotton's "Spiritual Milk for Babes;' 1 and 
when reminded, in a moment of despondency, that his 

" Book and llcnrt 

Maul ""•(/ part," 

who has not felt tllC full force of the hue, 

" ( )ur dsyi begin frith tr 

But if the name of The Ni w England Primes awakens some rec- 
ollections of a sombre hue, there is also s bright side to the picture* 
With what pride did the child, after having mastered the Alphabet, hoth 
"Great Letters" and small, become deeply versed in the mysteries <>f 
M Vowels," "Consonants," "Double Letters," "Italic* Letters," and 
"Jtalick Double Letters," and toiled through the columns of " Easy Syl- 
lables," proceed, by degrees, from ■• Saint " to " Babel,' 1 from "Jacob" to 
* Damnify," "Barbarous ' and "beggarly" "drowsiness;" then, by the 
stages of *' glorious " "gratitude," to" Happiness ;" and bo, u Benefited" by 
past experience, and becoming conscious of his " Ability" ami "capacity 
to grapple with those hitherto "formidably" ■ everlasting" difficulties! 
attain "glorifying" "beatitude," leave behind him "Abominable" "fer- 
mentation" and "beneficial" "admiration," with a "Benediction," and 
at last liml himself, as he supposed, on the very topmost round of "The 
Ladder to Learning," upon terms of the most perfect u Familiarity" with 
" Edification " and "Gratification," having passed "Beneficially" through 
" Humiliation " and '* Mortification," to final " Purification." Having learn- 
ed "Who was the first man" and "Who was the first woman," "Who 
was the first Murderer" and "Who was the first Martyr," the child is 
rewarded for his diligence by the privilege of poring over the pictured 
couplets, from the mysterious and (to a child) inexplicable declaration 
that 

" In Adam's Fall 
We sinned all," 

to the end of the alphabet, where he exultingly reads how 

"Z^cciieus he 
Did climb the Tree 
Our Lord to see." 



210 The New England Primer. [July, 

Or perhaps he turns from the mournful " Conclusion " of the *' Dialogue 
between Christ, Youth, and the Devil," to the thrilling account of " Mr. 
John Rogers, the first Martyr in Queen Mary's reign," and while the eye 
is dimmed with tears at the portraiture of his horrid death, wearies him- 
self in an ineffectual attempt to count the heads of the " nine small children 
and one at the breast." 

Truly, never was a book published, with the exception of the Scriptures, 
whose influence has been so extended and enduring as that of The New 
England Primer ; and although we are not prepared to say that, as a 
manual for the young, it is wholly unexceptionable, still it will readily be 
confessed, we think, by all, that it is infinitely preferable to nine tenths of 
those productions of later days, which have, in a measure, superseded it. 
Its aphorisms and " Choice Sentences " convey, in a few words, the sub- 
liraest lessons of Christian morality, and the very brevity of its instructions 
impresses them so deeply upon the mind of the child, that it is impossible 
ever to forget them. The hymns and prayers contained in this unpre- 
tending little volume are, many of them, unrivalled for simplicity and beau- 
ty of expression ; and when associated with the earliest recollections of a 
mother's love, can never be effaced from the memory. There they are, 
those holy recollections, graven upon the heart's innermost surface, and 
there they remain, fresh as ever, buried, it may be, under the mass of self- 
ish and worldly cares and troubles which every year, as it passes, helps to 
heap up ; but still they are there, ready to pour a flood of tenderness through 
the soul, at the calm hour of twilight, or when the world is hushed in slum- 
ber, or when soft music dissolves the whole being into tender melancholy. 
Then it is that the simple petition of childhood, first learned from the 
Primer, while standing by the side of a fond mother, whose voice, perhaps, 
has long been hushed in death, steals upon the memory, with a gentle and 
h°ty> yet irresistible, influence, subduing the coarser passions of our imper- 
fect nature, and making us once more as little children. Then it is that the 
petition of the child becomes the prayer of the man, the supplication of 
infancy becomes identical with that of old age. 

We have spoken of the widely extended influence of the Primer. Mighty 
indeed was that influence upon the people of New England. Its teachings 
gave the first bias to their dispositions ; their characters were moulded in 
accordance with its precepts ; their religious creed was drawn from its pages. . 
Such being the case, this little book has a large claim upon the attention of 
the local historian ; it is intimately connected with the growth of our pecu- 
liar institutions and prejudices ; its history becomes, in fact, a part of the 
history of New England. * 

Singularly enough, after a few years' comparative neglect, the Primer 
has once again been put in requisition as a manual of religious instruction 
for the young. Various religious associations throughout the country have 
passed resolutions in favor of its circulation ; over one hundred thousand 
copies of a modern edition of the work have been distributed by a single 
Society within the last ten years ; and Societies have actually been formed 
for the purpose of introducing it into our Sabbath and Common Schools. 

A portion of the reading community has recently been highly gratified 
with a series of articles in The Cambridge Chronicle, by " The Antiquary," 
upon the origin, history, and character of the New England Primer, as it 
existed in the days of our ancestors, with critical remarks upon the modern 
editions thereof. The writer of these articles is extensively known, as an 
enthusiastic and profoundly learned bibliographer ; and he tells us that with 



\- 19.] B#v, Jonph Farrar. 211 

a tingle exception — the 1 5 i 1 >1 * - — there is no work whose oi i lt i n and history 
be is more desirous of tracing, no work of which be | inycopi 

and bucu a variety of editions, as the Primer. "Tin; Antiqi iby»" with 
whom, ai well as with bis choice Library, ii is our prn be Bomewhal 

acquainted, appeals to his brother Antiquaries throughout the country, for 
their assistance in completing bis collection <>r the early editions of the 
Primer. The earliest edition in his possession bears date at " Providi n 
Printed and sold by John Waterman at the Paper-Mills, 177 Cannot 
some of (mii- readers draw forth from tin* dn-t and obscurity of their ean 
an early edition of this curious little book, and forward it to the Editor or 
Publisher of the Register, for the inspection of "The Antiquari 



REV. JOSEPH FARRAB 



In our last number we solicited information respecting this truly eccen- 
tric son of Harvard, whose career i t, involved in n<» inconsiderable 
mystery. We are certain that no apology will be required for the publica- 
tion of the following letter from k' \ Levi Washburn Leonard, the 
esteemed pastor of the First Congregational Church and S • j in Dublin, 
N. II , — bo well known for his zealous efforts in the can-" of education, — 
presenting as it doe- a succinct \ iew of the genealogical connection betw< 
the two branches of the Farrar family from which d< sc< nded, r. - tiv< ly. 
Rev. Joseph Farrar, of Dublin. N II.. and Rev. S I New 
Ipswich, N. II. These two clergymen have often !• 1 with 
each other, though with what reason it is difficult to say. They v. 
will be seen from the statement in Mr. Leonard's letl li cousins, 
and the present town of Lincoln, Ma . was the native place of both. 
Rev. Stephen Farrar, (son of Dea. Samuel, and brother to the late dis- 
tinguished Judge Farrar, of New [pswich and rlollis, N. II .) was born in 
that part of Concord which is now called Lincoln, Sept 8, 17 - iduated 
at Harvard College in 1755, was ordained as the first minister of N 
Ipswich, N. FT., Oct 22, 1760, and died, after a long and eminently suca — 
ful ministry, June 23, 1809. A sermon preached at his funeral, by Rev. 
8. Pay son, 1). D., of Rindge, from Acts VIII. *_\ u D ! carried 
Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over htm,* 1 contains a 
well-merited tribute to his memory. "The capacities with which the God 
of nature had endowed him," says the reverend author of the discoon 
"were of such a kind as eminently qualified him for usefulness in that work 
to which he was devoted. He had a good heart — he loved his Blaster — 
lie loved his work. lie had, indeed, his trials and his enemies, hut they 
seemed to promote his sanctification.* 

To return to Mr. Leonard's letter, which is as follows : 

Dublin, N. II., March 23d, 1849. 
C. J. F. Binney, Esq. 

Dear Sir, — Your letter of March 3d has been received. You inquire 
respecting the Rev. Mr. Farrar of New Ipswich, whether he was the same 
person as the Rev. J. Farrar of Dublin. He was not the same person. 

* See N. H. Hist. Coll. I. 151, V. 165, 166-7; New Hampshire Repository, I. 182, 197 
-8; Shattuck's Concord, p. 314. 



212 Rev. Joseph Farrar. [July, 

It is commonly said that the Rev. Mr. Farrar of Dublin, and the Rev. 
Mr. Farrar of New Ipswich, were cousins, the native place of both being 
Lincoln, Mass. The Christian name of the minister of New Ipswich was 
Stephen. The following genealogy of the Farrar family will show that 
these two clergymen were cousins. 

^1) I. Jacob Farrar, Lancaster, killed by the Indians Aug. 22, 1675. 
His son 

(2) II. 1 — 1 — Jacob had by Hannah his wife the following children : 

2—1.— Jacob, b. March 29, 1669. 
3— 2.— George, b. Aug. 16, 1670. 
4—3 —Joseph, b. Aug. 16, 1672. 
5 — 4 — John, b. 

(3) III. George, [3—2.] m. Sept. 7, 1692, Mary How, of Concord, and 

had sons : 
6 — 1. — Joseph, b. 
7_2._Daniel, b. 
8—3.— George, b. Feb. 16, 1705. 
9— 4.— Samuel, b. Sept. 28, 1708. 

(4) IV. George, [8 — 3] had nine children, of whom were 

10 — 1. — Rev. George Farrar, b. Nov. 23, 1730, graduated at 

Harvard College in 1751. 
11 — 2. — Rev. Joseph Farrar, b Jan.* 30, 1744, graduated al 

Harvard College in 1767. This was the minister of Dublin, 

N H., settled 1772 

(5) IV. Samuel, [9 — 4.] m. Lydia Barrett, of Concord, and had sevei 

children, of whom were 
12— 1.— Samuel. 
13 — 2 — Rev. Stephen Farrar, graduated at Harvard College ii 

1755; (New Ipswich.) 

14 — 3. — Hon. Timothy Farrar, graduated at Harvard College ii 

1767; Judge; died at Hollis, N. H., in 1848, aged 101 years. 

Judge Timothy Farrar had a son Timothy, who, I believe, now resides 

in Boston, and may know more about his father's cousin and class-mate 

than any one else. I find no person in Dublin who has any recollection of 

Rev. Joseph Farrar's enlisting in the army, nor of residing anywhere after 

leaving Dublin, except in Dummerston. 

It has been proposed to collect materials for a history of Dublin, and to 
have a celebration on the hundredth anniversary of the settlement of the 
town. The hundredth year will not be till 1850 or 1852, it is not deter- 
mined which. We should be glad to be informed more particularly re- 
specting Rev. Mr. Farrar, the first minister. When did he settle in Dum- 
merston? In what year dismissed? Was he settled anywhere else? 
When and where did he die ? Whom did he marry ? In what year was 
he married? How many children had he? How many are now living? 
Any other circumstances in his history that might be deemed of any mo- 
ment, we should be glad to be informed of. 

Most of the first settlers of Dublin came from Sherburne, Mass., and 
Rev. Abner Morse is collecting materials for their genealogy, which I sup- 
pose will be published during the current year. Yours respectfully, 

LEVI W. LEONARD. 

* The College Records, as well as Shattuck's Concord, say June 30, and this we suspect 
to be the true date. 



1849.] Sketches of the Early History of Middleborouyh. 213 

Thanks to the exertions of Mr. Binney, the following items of informa- 
tion have heen obtained from the Revolutionary Rolls in the State House 

Jit Concord, N II. 

On the pay-roll of Capt. Daniel AViP-cn-'s Company, in Col. Bedel's 
Regiment, mustered and paid l»y John Bellows, Esq., under date of 1776, 
Joseph Pakhar receives £5, 2, 6 Each private in this company was 
to receive one month's wages; bounty, 40s j blanket money, 15§ ; and 1 
penny per mile. 

The name of JOSEPH FaRRAR appears as Sergeant to Capt. Simeon 
Martin's Company, in a Regiment raised by New Hampshire for the Con- 
tinental service in Rhode Island, in 1 778, and commanded by Stephen 
Peabody, Lieutenant-Colonel, which was discharged at Rhode Island, Dec. 
30, 1 7 7H and allowed one day's pay for every twenty miles' travel home- 
ward. Joseph Parbar enlisted dune 10, 177s, and was discharged Sept. 
16, 1778, having served three months and seven days, and receiving for 

said service the sum of £6.* 

It will be seen, by reference to our article in the April number of the 

Register, p. ISO, that, so far as dates are concerned, the Joseph Parrab 
mentioned above may very well have been the Rr.v. JOSEPH Pakkar 
whose course we are. endeavoring to trace; inasmuch as the latter was dis- 
missed from his pastoral office in Dublin, June 7, 1770, and is not again 
beard of until his ordination at Dummerston, Aug. 24, 1771) j during which 
interval, if at all, he must have served in the Con.inental army. 



SKETCHES OP THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF 
M1DDLEBOROUGH, IN THE COUNT* OF PLYMOUTH^ 

Tins Town, the Nanmskvt of the Indians, is, probably, of greater extent 
of territory than any other in the State of Massachusetts, being fifteen miles 
in length, and averaging about nine in breadth.} It is situated fifteen miles 
from Plymouth, twenty from New-Bedford, eleven from Taunton, and 
thirty-four from Boston ; § and is remarkable for its large and line ponds, 
which bear the names of Assowamsett, Long Pond, Quitticus, Quiticosset, 
Pocks ha, and Pockanina Of these the first two are the largest. Indeed, 
the first, Assowamsett, Assawamsctt, Assawampsitt, or Sowampset, as it is 
variously 'spelt, is said to be " the largest collection of water in Massachu- 
setts," its length from North to South being "about six miles, its breadth 
in some places nearly four miles; but the width is very variant. At one 
place, called Long Point, in the summer, the width is not more than three 
rods " || These ponds furnish large quantities offish.^ 

The outlet of these ponds is the Namasket River, which furnishes an ex- 
tensive water-power, and, with its tributary streams, " waters ihe Town very 
advantageously." 

For the space of a hundred years r>og-iron-ore was extensively used in 
this town and the vicinity, until about the year 1747, when it was discov- 

* For this last paragraph see Concord (N. H.) Rolls, Book 3. Letter N., p. 2. 

t For several of the particulars contained in the followti p " PkcH lies " we are indebted 
to Zechariah Eddy, Esq., of Middleboro', a Corresponding Member of the N. E. Hist. 
Gen. Society. 

J Rarher's Historical Collections of Massachusetts, (8vo. Worcester, 1844,) p. 513. 

§ Ibid. (I Mass. Hist. Coll. 111. 2, XX. 35. H Ibid. 



214 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [July, 

ered that " there was iron-mine in the bottom of our great pond at Asso- 
wamset ; and after some years it became the main ore that was used in the 
Town, both at furnaces and forges, and much of it has been carried into the 
neighboring places for the same purpose. Men go out with boats, and make 
use of instruments much like those with which oysters are taken, to get up 
the ore from the bottom of the pond." * 

This Town, although it has several pretty villages, is, by no means, densely 
populated. In a " numeration of the people," taken, " by authority," in the 
summer of 1776, there were "four thousand four hundred and seventy-nine 
souls " in Middleborough ; and by an account taken the winter following, it 
appears that there were then but one thousand and sixty-six males, of six- 
teen years and upwards, in the Town, of whom five were Indians, and eight 
negroes. In the year 1791 there were but "four thousand five hundred and 
twenty-six souls" enumerated, shewing an increase of only forty-seven for 
fifteen years.f As the town has been uniformly healthy, J the cause of this 
apparently small increase in population must be sought in the emigration of 
the inhabitants ; a large part of the Towns of New Salem and Shutesbury, 
in the County of Franklin, and of Woodstock, in the State of Vermont, 
having been settled by people from this place. § The whole population, at 
the present time, does not much exceed five thousand. 

Agriculture "was formerly the principal occupation of the inhabitants, the 
soil being favorable to the growth of corn, rye, and grass. The Town also 
enjoyed, " in the days of Auld Lang Syne, " a great reputation for its Cider, 
which is said to have been "ever unrivalled" both in quality and abun- 
dance. || There are now in the place a number of Cotton mills and manu- 
factories of shovels, nails, straw bonnets, &c. &c.^[ 



* Mass. Hist. Coll. Ill 2, 175, XX. 35. t Ibid. III., L r >2. 

\ Witness the following table of mortality for M the First Precinct." 



Year. 


c 

c 
1 


If 
83 


01 — . 

£=3 


h 

p3 


c! 
a 
P< 
re 
*i 
to 
p 


Total. 


Year. 


o 
< 

n 

p 

1 


pS. 

S3 


©3 


S3 


a 
c 

n 


Total. 


1779 


3 


3 


3 


4 


14 


1795 


8 


3 


1 


7 


20 


1780 




1 


4 


3 


5 


13 


1796 




5 


2 


5 


10 


22 


1781 


1 


5 


9 


3 


9 


27 


1797 




3 


1 


3 


9 


16 


1782 


1 


6 


4 


1 


19 


31 


1798 


1 


2 


4 


3 


6 


16 


1783 




4 


4 


2 


6 


16 


1799 


2 


2 


3 


4 


4 


15 


1784 


1 


5 


3 




19 


28 


1800 




5 


6 


12 


8 


31 


1785 


1 


6 


6 


6 


10 


29 


1801 


3 


3 


5 


4 


4 


19 


1786 




5 


3 


4 


10 


22 


1802 


1 


5 


2 


3 


8 


19 


1787 




7 


3 


2 


11 


23 


1803 


1 


6 


4 


4 


16 


31 


1788 


1 


3 


6 


3 


9 


22 


180-1 


1 


3 




i 


7 


12 


1789 


1 


3 


G 


5 


10 


25 


1805 




5 


7 


2 


6 


20 


1790 


1 


4 


1 


5 


11 


22 


1806 




6 


3 


14 


6 


29 


1791 




7 


1 


4 


11 


23 


1807 








, 




22a 


1792 


2 


1 


3 


4 


9 


19 


1808 




J2 


7 


4 


8 


31 


1793 


1 


5 




2 


7 


15 


1809 




6 


7 


4 


12 


29 


1794 


2 


7 


3 


4 


1 


17 


1810 












20b 



— Mass. Hist. Coll. VIII. 



(a) 5 upward of 80, 
2 between 70 and 80, 
5 between 60 and 70, 
4 between 40 and 60, 
2 between 20 and 40, 
4 under 20. 



79, IX. 235, X. 188, XII. 261-2. 

(b) 2 between 80 and 90, 
3 between 70 and 80, 
3 between 60 and 70, 
1 between 40 and 60, 

5 between 20 and 40, 

6 under 20. 



§ Barber, p. 264; Mass. Hist. Coll. III. 152. || Mass. Hist. Coll. XVII. 116. 

T[ Barber, p. 514. 



1849.] Sketch i of the Early History of Middleborough. 21 "> 

It baa been already mentioned thai this Town is the Namasket of the 
Indians. The >p<»t became known to the European* afl an early period. In 
the Spring of 1619 thai "understanding and industrious Gentleman," Cap- 
tain Thomas Denner, was despatched from Plymouth, by Sir Perdinando 
Gorges, in behalf of the Council of New-England, in a ship of two hundred 
tons, to carry on tin- fishing-business in connection with Captain Edward 
Rocroft, who had Bailed for New-England in the spring of 1 1 1 < - preceding 

ir, 1618. Denner was accompanied by Tisquanlum, ot 8quanto y one of 
the Natives which bad been seized and carried to England by the notori 
Hunt A rriving at Bionhegan, Denner learns from some mutineers) who had 
hern left behind, that Rocrofl had -ailed for Virginia, and thereupon deter- 
mine- to await bis return. On the 26th of May, taking Tisquantum with him, 
he e m harked in an open pinnace, of five tons, to make a \ i f discovery 

along tin- New England coast, " searching every harbor, and compassing 
■very cape land." He found many "ancient plantations," which had I" i n 
visited by the plague, some of them u utterly void n of inhabitants. " When 
I arrived," .-ays he, in his letter of Dec. 27th, 1619, to Purchas, "at my 
Savage's native country,* finding all dead, I travelled alongsl a day's jour- 
ney to a place called Nummastaquytt where, finding inhabitants, I des- 
patched a messenger a day's journey further West, to Pocanokit, whieh 
horde reth on the sea; whence came to see me two Kings, attended with 
a guard of 50 armed men, who being well satisfied with that my Savt 
and 1 discoursed unto them, being desirous of novelty, gave me content in 
whatsoever I demanded. Here I redeemed a Frenchman, and afterwards 
another at Biasstachusit, who three years since escaped Bhipwreck at the 
North-Easl of Cape Cod." From a subsequent letter of Denner, il appears 

that the Indians would have killed him when lie wa> at u Hdmassakel " had 
not SquantO "entreated hard" tor him. Returning from this expedition to 

Monhegan, Denner was apprised, by a ship from Virginia, of Captain Ro- 
croft's death; whereupon, having despatched his Bhip to England with a 
valuable cargo, he leaves Squanto at Sawabquatook, t and then Bails in his 
pinnace, with five or -i\ men, and the two Frenchmen whom lie had liber- 
ated from captivity, lor Virginia, where he arrive. 1 on the 7th of" September.] 

In the Summer of 1 (521 " it seemi d i_ r "od " to tie- little hand of Pilgrims, 

which had recently sought a home on lt the stern ami rock-bound coast " 
of New England, "to Bend some amongst them to Bffassasoyt, the greatest 

Commander amongst the Savages" in their nei,L, r hhorhood ; ''partly to 
know where to find them, if occasion served, as also to see their Strength, 
discover the country, prevent abuses in their disorderly coming unto us, 
make satisfaction for some conceived injuries to he done on our parts, and 
to continue the league of peace and friendship between them and us. Fur 
these and the like ends it pleased the Governor § to make choice of Steven 

*Patuxct, now Plymouth. — See Bradford's and Winslow's Journal in You?igs C/iro7iichs 
of the Pilgrims, pp. 190—1. 

t "Probably Satucket, now Brewster," Bays Jud^c Davis, in his edition of Morton's 
Memorial, p. 60, note. " Sawahqnatooke, now Saco," Bays Dr. Young. u Sawaqnatock, 
Sagadahock." says the Index to the Second Series of the Massachusetts Historical Col- 
lections. 

J The authorities are, Smith's General History of Virginia. New England, &c, (fol. Lond, 
1632,) p. 229 ; Mass. Hist. Coll. XIX. 7-10, XXVI. 62-3 ; Prince's New England Chronol- 
ogy, (8vo. Boston, 1826,) pp. 145-6, 151. 152, 153-4; Morton's New Poland's Memorial, 
(Davis's ed., 8vo. Boston, 1826.) pp. 55-GO; Drake's Book of the Indians, (8vo. Boston, 
1845,) Book II. pp. 20-1; Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, (8vo. Boston, 1844,) pp. lyo 
-1, note. 

§ William Bradford, who had been chosen Governor soon after the f'eiih of Crrvcr. in 
the month of April preceding. — Bradford, in Prince, p. 190 ; Davis's Mcrton, pp. C8, 69. 



216 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [July, 

Hopkins and Edward Winsloe to go unto him ; and having a fit oppor- 
tunity, by reason of a Savage called Tisquantum, that could speak English, 
corning unto us, with all expedition provided a horseman's coat of red cotton, 
and laced with a slight lace, for a present, that both they and their message 
might be the more acceptable amongst them." Furnished with appropriate 
presents and a message to the Indian King, the two messengers and their 
attendants, with Tisquantum, or Squanto, for a guide, set out "about nine 
o'clock in the morning" of July 3d, intending to rest that night 4k at Na- 
masv/tet, a Town under Massasoyt." which they supposed to be at no great 
distance from Patuxet; but " we found it" says Winslow, in his narrative 
of the expedition, "to be some fifteen English miles. On the way we 
found some ten or twelve men, women, and children, which had pestered 
us till we were weary of them, and now returned with us to Narnaschet. 
Thither we came about three o'clock, afternoon, the inhabitants entertain- 
ing us with joy, in the best manner they could, giving us a kind of bread 
called by them maizium* and the spawn of shads, which then they got in 
abundance, insomuch as they gave us spoons to eat them. With these they 
boihd musty acorns ; but of the shads we eat heartily."* 

u After this, Tisquantum told us/' continues Winslow, "we should hardly 
in one day reach l*ackanokick moving us to go some eight miles further, 
where we should find more store and better victuals than there. Being 
willing to hasten our journey we went, and came thither at sunsetting, 
where we found many of the NamascJieucks (ihey so calling the men of 
Nartuiscliet) fishing upon a wear | which they had made on a river which 
belonged to them, where they caught abundance of bass. These wel- 
comed us also, gave us of their fish, and we them of our victuals, not 
doubling but we should have enough where'er we came. There we lodged, 
in the open fields, for houses they had none, though they spent the most of 
the Suinnur tiiere. The head of this river is reported to be not far from the 

* The food of the Indians "is generally boiled maize, or Indian eorn, mixed with kid- 
ney-he.ins or sometimes without. Also they frequently boil in this pottage fish and flesh 
of all sorts, either new taken or dried, as shads, eels, alewives. or a kind of herring, or any 
other sort of lish. But they dry. mostly, those sorts before-mentioned. These they cut in 
pieces, I tones and all. and boil them in the aforesaid pottage. Also they lioil in this fur- 
menty all sorts of f\esh they take in hunting, as venison, beaver, bears flesh, moose, otters, 
rackoons, or any kind that they take in hunting, cutting this flesh in small pieces, and 
boiling it as aforesaid. Also they mix with the said pottage several sorts of roots, as 
Jerusalem artichokes, and ground-nuts, and other roots, and pompions, and squashes, and 
also several sorts of nuts or masts, as oak-acorns, chestnuts, walnuts ; these, husked and 
dried, and powdered, they thicken their pottage therewith. Also sometimes they beat 
their maize into meal, and sift it through a basket, made for that purpose. Wi;h this meal 
they make bread, baking it in the ashes, covering the dough with leaves. Sometimes they 
make of their meal a small sort of cakes, and boil them. They make also a certain sort 
of meal of parched maize; this meal they call nokake. It is so sweet, toothsome, and 
hearty, that an Indian will travel many days with no other food but this meal, which he 
eateth as he need<. and after it drinkcth water. And for this end, when they travel a jour- 
ney, or go a hunting, they carry this nokake, in a basket or bag, for their use." — Gnokins 
Historical Colin-twits of the Indians in New England, {printed from the original MS.) in 
Mass. Hist. Colt. I. 1")0-1. 

u The Indians have an Art of drying their cbesnuts, and so to preserve them in their 
barncs for a daintie all the yeare. Akornes, also, they drie. and, in case of want of Cornc, 
by much boiling they make a good dish of them ; yea, sometimes in plentie of Cornc doe 
thev eate thes Acornes for a novelty." — Roger Williams's Kiy into the Languugi of Amer- 
ica, in R. I. Hist. Coll I. 90. 

t •' At Titicut, on Taunton River, in the Northwest part of Middleborough, is a noted 
place, which was formerly called the GUI Indian Wear. Though other wears have been 
erected on Taunton River, yet this is, probably, the place intended." — Mass. Hist. Coll. 
VIII, 233, note. 



1849.] Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. 217 

place of our abode. Upon it are and have been many towns, it being a 
good length. The ground is very good on both sides, it being for the most 
part cleared. Thousands of men have lived there, which died in a great 
plague not long since ; and pity it was and is to see so many goodly fields, 
and so well seated, without men to dress and manure the same. Upon this 
river dweifoth Massasoyt. It cometh into the sea at the Narrohigganset 
Bay, where the Frenchmen se much use." 

Returning on the 6th of July from their mission to Massasoit, Winslow 
says, "that night we reached to the wear where we lay before; but the 
Namaschcucks were returned, so that we had no hope of any thing there. 
One of the Savages had shot a shad in the water, and a small squirrel, as 
big as a rat, called a neuxis ; the one half of either he gave us, and after 
went to the wear to fish. From hence we wrote to Plymouth, and scut 
Tokamahamon before to Namasket, willing him from thence to send another, 
that he might meet us with food at Namasket,"* On the 7th of July, 
** being wet and weary, we came to Namaschet. There we refreshed our- 
selves, giving gifts to all such as had showed us any kindness. Fain they 
would have had us to lodge there all night, and wondered we would set 
forth again in such weather. But, God be praised, we came safe home that 
night, though wet, weary, and surbated."t 

About a month after this expedition, the inhabitants of New Plymouth 
were startled by the intelligence that their friend and ally, Massasoit, had 
been driven from his country by the Narragansetts,J and that a petty Sa- 
•chem, named Corbitant, one of Massasoit's tributaries, who was known to 
be hostile to the English, was at Namasket, taking advantage of his Sover- 
eign's absence to act the demagogue, denouncing the league which had been 
solemnly made with the infant Colony, and deriding the feebleness of the 
settlement, and making use of every means in his power to create a faction 
which should contribute to his own elevation, at the same time that it in- 
volved Massasoit and his new allies in destruction. 

* The messengers were so unfortunate as to visit Massasoit at a time when his larder 
was exhausted. Not doubting, as Winslow tells us. that they should have enough where'er 
they came, they had not hushanded their own little stock of provisions, but had freely dis- 
pensed thereof to the Natives on the way. Arrived at their journey's end, on Wednesday, 
the 4th of July, faint and weary with travel, no one hut — a hungry man — can form any con- 
ception of their dismay when they found that they had mistaken the capability of the mighty 
chieftain's stores, and must chew, for want of something better, the cud of sweet and hitter 
recollections. " Late it grew," thus pathetically does Winsiow paint their situation, "late 
it grew, but victuals he offered none; for, indeed, he had not any, bein^he came so newly 
home. So we desired to go to rest. lie laid us on the bed with himself and his wife, tiny 
at the one end and we at the other, it being only planks laid a foot from the ground, and a 
thin mat upon them. Two more of his chief men, for want of room pressed by and upon 
us ; so that we were worse weary of our lodging than of our journey." The next day, 
Thursday, " about one o'clock, Massasoyt brought two fishes that he had shot; they were 
like bream, but three times so big, and better meat These being boiled, there were at 
least forty looked for share in them; the most eat of them. This meal only we had in two 
nights ani a day ; and had not one of us bought a partridge, we had taken our journey 
fasting. Very importunate he was to have us stay with them longer. But we desired to 
keep the Sabbath at home ; and much fearing that, if we should stay any longer, we should 
not be able to recover home for want of strength, on the Friday morning, before sunrising, 
we took our leave ani departed. Massasoyt being both grieved and ashamed that he could 
no better entertain us, and retaining Tisquantum to send from place to place to procure 
truck for us, and appointing another, called Tokamahamon, in his place."— See Bradford's 
and Winslow's " Relation or Joumall of the beginning and proceedings of the English Plan- 
tation at Plimoth in New England? {sm. Ato. Lond. 1022.) pp. 45-6. 

t Ibid., pp. 40-8; also, Davis's Morton, pp. 69-70, and Prince, pp. 191-2. 

% " Governor Bradford says nothing of this, nor of Masassoit^s being either seized or 
invaded by the Narragansetts." — Prince, p. 193, note. 

14 



218 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [July y 

Upon the arrival of this news at New Plymouth, Hobbamock and Tis- 
quantum, probably at the suggestion of the Colonists, went forth on an 
expedition, to see if they could learn aught concerning their King, who had 
thus been expelled from his dominions, and to watch the motions of Cor- 
bitant and his faction. Proceeding to Namasket, as privately as possible, 
they there thought to lodge in security for the night ; but were discovered 
by Corbitant, who beset the house, in which they were, with his followers, 
and seized Tisquantum, threatening him and his companion with death, for 
their adherence to the English ; and, holdiug his knife to Tisquantum's 
breast, seemed about to execute his threat ; for he had been accustomed to 
say, that, " if he were dead, the English had lost their tongue." He next 
attempted to stab Hobbamock ; but this savage, being a man of great 
strength, shakes himself free from the grasp of his antagonist, dashes through 
the guards which had been placed around the wigwam, and succeeds in 
effecting his escape. He immediately repairs to New Plymouth, where he 
communicates to Governor Bradford the particulars of his capture and 
escape, and his fears that their trusty interpreter, Tisquantum, has, by that 
time, fallen a victim to the hatred and fury of Corbitant. 

Upon the receipt of this intelligence, the Governor summoned a council, 
to deliberate on what course it was best to pursue. It was determined to 
send a band of chosen men on the morrow, under the command of Miles 
Standish, to avenge the supposed death of Tisquantum, and to quell the 
insurrection which seemed upon the point of breaking out against their,; 
friend Massasoit. 

On the 14th of August, Captain Standish, with ten or fourteen* men, 
well armed, sallied forth, under the guidance of Hobbamock, and took up 
their line of march for " the Kingdom of Namaschet." The day was rainy 
and their journey wearisome. Having proceeded to within three or four \ 
miles of the little town of Namaschet, they turned aside from their course 
and waited until night, in accordance with the orders which Standish had 
received, when they might hope to approach the town under cover of; 
the darkness, without being discovered. A consultation being now held, 
Standish communicated his instructions to his followers, and assigned to 
each man his position and duty. He had been directed to surprise the 
enemy by night ; if he should ascertain that Tisquantum had actually been 
killed, as was feared, then to cut off Corbitant's head, but on no account 
to hurt any except those who had been concerned in the murder of the 
Interpreter ; and to retain Nepeof,f a Sachem who had joined Corbitant's 
faction, as a hostage, until news should be received from Massasoit. It 
having been resolved to make their contemplated attack at midnight, the 
party now resumed their march. But before they had gone far, it was 
discovered that the guide had lost his way. This was a sore discourage- 
ment to men already drenched with rain, and wearied by the weight of 
their arms. But the mistake was happily rectified by one of the company, 
who had visited Namaschet on a previous occasion, and they started anew. 
K Before we came to the town," says the writer of the narrative of this 
expedition, " we sat down and ate such as our knapsacks afforded. That 
being done, we threw them aside, and all such things as might hinder us, 
and so went on and beset the house,} according to our last resolution. 

* Bradford and Winslow, in their Journal, say, " we set out ten men, armed." But 
Bradford says, " Captain Standish, with fourteen men, and Hobamak, set out." 

t " This is the only time the name of this Chief occurs in the annals of the Colony." 
— Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, p. 220, note. 

t The house in which Corbitant had lodged during his stay at Namasket. 



.819.] Sketches of the Early History of Middlehorough. 219 

Chose that entered demanded if Coubatant * were not there ; but fear had 
jerefi the Savages of speech. We charged them not to stir; for if Cou- 
ptant were not there, we would not meddle with them. It' he were, we 
•ame principally for him, to be avenged on him for the supposed death of 
Eisquantum, and other matters; but, howsoever, we would not at all hurt 
heir women or children. Notwithstanding, some of them pressed out at 
i private door and escaped, but with some wounds. At length, perceiving 
mr principal ends, they told us Coubatant was returned [home] with all 
lis train, and that Tisquantum was yet living, and in the town; offering 
same tobacco, [and] other [provision,] such as they had to eat. In this 
jiurly-burly we discharged two pieces at random, which much terrified all 
| he inhabitants, except Tisquantum and Tokamahamonj who, though they 
knew not our end in coming, yet assured them of our honesty, that we 
Lvould not hurt them. Those boys that were in the house, seeing our care 
pf women, often cried Nccn squaes ! that is to say, I am a woman ; the 
vomen also hanging upon Ilobbamock, calling him Toicam, that is, friend. 
But, to be short, we kept them we had, and made them make a lire, that 
ive might see to search the house. In the mean time Ilobbamock gat 
In the top of the house, and called Tisquantum and Tokamahamon, which 
tame unto us, accompanied with others, some armed, and others naked. 
those that had bows and arrows we took them away, promising them again 
k'hen it was day. The house we took, for our better safeguard, but re- 
leased those we had taken, manifesting whom we came for, and wherefore." 
" On the next morning, " continues our narrative, "we marched into the 
nidst of the town, and went to the house of Tisquantum to breakfast. 
Thither came all whose hearts were upright towards us; but all Couba- 
ant's faction were fled away. There, in the midst of them, we manifested 
gain our intendment, assuring them that, although Coubatant had now 
scaped us, yet there was no place should secure him and his from us, if he 
ontinued his threatening us, and provoking others against us, who had 
;indly entertained him, and never intended evil towards him till he now BO 
ustly deserved it. Moreover, if Massasoyt did not return in safety from 
Sarrohigganset, or if hereafter he should make any insurrection against 
dm, or offer violence to Tisquantum, Ilobbamock, or any of Massasoyt's 
ubjects, we v*ould revenge it upon him, to the overthrow of him and his. 
Vs for those [who] were wounded, we were sorry for it, though themselves 
procured it in not staying in the house, at our command : yet, if they would 
eturn home with us, our Surgeon J should heal them. At this offer, one 
nan and a woman § that were wounded went home with us ; Tisquantum 
and many other known friends accompanying us, and offering all help that 
night be, by carriage of anything we had, to ease us. So that, by God's 

* " Governor Bradford plainly writes him Corbitant." — Prince, p. 194, note. 

t He went to Corbitant immediately upon the receipt of the intelligence of that Sa- 
hem's machinations. He had been denounced by Corbitant for his adherence to the 
English ; and why he should thus put himself in his power is a mystery. 

1 Mr. Samuel Fuller. He died in 1G33, of an infectious fever which was prevalent 
n Plymouth, " after he had much helped others, and was a comfort to them. He was their 
;urgeon and physician, and did much good in his place ; being not only useful in his fac- 
llty, but otherwise, as he was a godly man, and served Christ in the office of a deacon in 
he Church for many years ; and forward to do good in his place, and was much missed 
ifter God removed him out of this world." — Davis's Morton, p. 173. 

§ Bradford, in his History, says that "three are sorely wounded in trying to break away " 
xom Corbitant's house, when it was beset by the English. And in recording the safe 
•eturn of Standish and his companions, he tells us that they " bring with them the three 
vounded Savages ; whom, " says he, " we cure and send home." 



220 



Memoir of 



[July, 



good providence, we safely returned home the morrow night after we set 
forth."* 

Thus terminated the first warlike expedition of the Pilgrims in New 
England, the events of which have been narrated with the greater partic- 
ularity, as possessing peculiar interest for the inhabitants of the ancient 
Namasket, which became, on this occasion, the scene of the second encoun- 
ter between the Indians and the English within the limits of Plymouth 
Colony. 

[To be continued.] 



MEMOIR OF REV. BENJAMIN COLMAN, D.D. 



[Continued from page 122.] 

The tempest of opposition to the "New Church" had but lulled for a 
moment, to break out with renewed violence on the first favorable opportu- 
nity. Increase Mather, in his sermon on occasion of the Fast, had taken 
care to insert a qualification of his text, sufficiently ample to warrant any 
attack which he might subsequently feel inclined to direct against the " in- 
novators." He and his son Cotton, " with many prayers and studies, and 
with humble resignation of" their " names unto the Lord," had prepared " a 
faithful antidote " for the Churches "against the infection of the example 
which they feared " this company had given them, " and had actually " put 1 ! 
it into the press ; but, when the first sheet was near composed at the press, 
had " stopped it, with a desire to make one attempt more for the bringing 
of this people to reason." That object having been attained, and a formal 
reconciliation effected, they, probably, considered it a pity to withhold from' 
the world an "antidote," which had cost so "many prayers and studies," 
and whose effects could not but be so highly beneficial to the endangered 
churches. Accordingly, in the month of March, 1700, was opened the bat- 
tery which was to annihilate, at once, the " apostates and backsliders, " those 
" underminers of the Gospel, " and the " wandering Levite, " the " raw and 
unstudied youth, who had not feared to mock his fathers." This battery, 
although its aim was apparent to all, was masked under the semblance of a 
general treatise, bearing the title of " The Order of the Gospel Professed 
and Practised by the Churches of Christ in New England Justified," &c. 
&c, by Increase Mather. Prefixed to the work is an Epistle Dedicatory, 
wherein are stated the principles of the Manifesto, which are afterwards 
controverted in answers to seventeen questions. 

Not long after the publication of this work, and in the same year, appeared 
" Gospel Order Revived, being an Answer to a Book lately set forth by 
the Rev. Mr. Increase Mather, President of Harvard College, &c, by sun- 
dry Ministers of the Gospel in New England"; being an able disquisition 
upon the questions proposed in the former work. Gospel Order Revived 
is distinguished for its calm and candid spirit, and for the enlarged views 

* " After this, " writes Governor Bradford, " we have many gratulations from diver 
Sachems, and much firmer peace. Yea, thosp of the Isle of Capawak [Martha's Vineyard] 
send to secure our friendship, and Corbitant himself uses the mediation of Masassoit to be 
reconciled." On the 13th of September, 1621, nine Sachems, of whom Corbitant was one, 
subscribed an instrument, by which they acknowledge themselves " to be the loyal subjects 
of King James, " &c. &c. 

The authorities are, Bradford and Winslow, pp. 51, 53-6; Davis's Morton, pp. 67, 71 . 
Prince, pp. 193-5 ; Young, pp. 219-23. 



1849.] Rev. Benjamin Colman, D. 2). 221 

which it displays of religious liberty. '-Tis possible, " say (he authors 

thereof, "that some good people may blame US for Carrying 00 the conten- 
tion, wherein, as one saith, though there be hut little truth gained, yet a 
great deal of charity may be lost We hope the best as to both these." 
•• We must do justice, also, to those who have tirst openly asserted and 
practised those truths among us. They deserve well of the Churches of 
Christ; and though at present decried as apostates and backsliders, the 

generations to come will bless them."* 

This work was printed at New York; and prefixed to it is the following 
advertisement. 

"The Reader is desired to take. Notice, that the Press in Boston is so much under the 
uw of the Reverend Author whom we answer, and his Friends, thai we could not obtain of 
tho Printer there to Print the following Sheets, which is the only true Reason why we have 
sent the Copy so far for its Impression, and where it is Printed with some Difficulty." 

The Printer in Boston above referred to, was Bartholomew Green, 
a highly respected member <>f the Old South Church. There being no 
Newspaper printed in Boston at this time, Green published a vindication 
of himself in a handbill, dated Dec. 21, 1700, to which were appended some 
4 * Remarks," attributed to Cotton Mather, and -dated in Boston, December 
84th, 1700." In these "Remarks" Gospel Order Revived is termed a 
•libellous pamphlet, which no man is as yet so hardy as to own himself to 
be the author of," replete with "profane Bcoffs and scurrilities, not only on 

particular persons, who never deserved such treatments, hut also on the 

holy Churches of the Lord, and on the most sacred actions performed in 

them, which i> the spirit of their whole pamphlet ;" and the advertisement 

[prefixed to the work is denounced as containing "impudent falsehoods." 

This publication was answered by another, from the office of John Allen, 
containing two depositions, the first, by Thomas Brattle and Zechariah 

Tuthill, relating to an interview between them and Green, the printer, u on 
Saturday, the L3th of July last," "to treat with him about printing an An- 
swer to old Mr Mather's hook, called The Order of the Gospel;" at which 
time, they say, " he made not any objection against printing said Answer, only 

said he could not go about it till he had printed oil' the Laws, which would 
not he till the Tuesday following." The second deposition, by John MiCO 
and Zechariah Tuthill, gives an account of a conversation with Green "on 
or about the Kith of July," when they called at his printing-office "to 
if he were ready to print the Answer to old Mr. Mather's Gospel Order ; 
but he was then unwilling to print it, because, as he said, it would displease 
some of his friends, and, to the best of their remembrance, he mentioned 
particularly the Mathers. They told him it was strange he would print 
any thing for the said Mathers, and particularly the said Gospel Order, 
and nothing in answer to it or them ; by which means the world might 
think those principles to be approved by all. which were abhorred by sun- 
dry worthy Ministers in the land; the unfairness of which practice they 
labored to convince him of. Yet he still declined to print it ; but at length 
said, if they would admit the Lieutenant Governor to be askt, to give 
his Approbation to it, he would Print it ; which they were unwilling to for 
this reason : Because they conceived it a new Method, not practised here- 
tofore, and which the said Green would not have required of them now, 

* From a passage in Josiah Cotton's Diarv it appears that Gospel Order Revived was 
generally considered to be the joint work of the Rev. Messrs. Colman, Bradstreet, (of 
Charlestown,) and Woodbridge, (of West Springfield?) 



222 Memoir of [July, 

but to put off the Printing of this Book which answered the Mathers, 
whom he seemed loth to displease," &c. &c. Following these depositions 
are some sufficiently caustic remarks, from the pen of Thomas Brattle, on 
the " Advertisement " of " Mr. Green the Printer," and " that Libellous 
Scribble at the tail of said Green's Advertisement, to which the Reverend 
Author teas not yet so Hardy as to set his Name ; " the whole bearing date 
Dec. 27, 1700. 

In a paper dated January 10, 1700-1, Green replies to this last publica- 
tion, reviews the whole controversy, and states that his reluctance to print 
" Gospel Order Revived " was caused by his recollection of the " great dis- 
turbance the Manifesto had made," which he had printed "very privately 
at Tuthill's desire," and which, says he, "made me the more thoughtful, 
lest this might give more offence ; " adding, in an address " To the 
Candid Reader," tint " considering the Lieut. Governours Eminent 
Qualification to judge of Books, the station God has given him in the New 
English Church, and the good Offices he has done for Mr. Benjamin Col- 
man and his Church in particular, Every one that is not a Stranger in 
Boston may wonder at it, that a Book Dedicated to the Churches of Christ 
in N. England, a motion to have it first view'd by his Honour, should be 
rejected with so much Disdain ;" and " for my own part," continues Green, 
11 The obstinate Refusal of so fair an Arbiter made me fear some foul Play : 
which is the principal Aw that I remember myself to have been under." 

The indignation of the Mathers was excited beyend all bounds by " Gos- 
pel Order Revived, " and early in the following year, 1701, they gave vent 
to their wrath in "A Collection of some of the many Offensive Matters 
contained in a Pamphlet entitled The Order of the Gospel Revived" 
which was graced with the motto " Recitasse est Refutasse ; In English, 
To recite them is enough to Refute them." This publication, consisting of 
twenty-four 16mo. pages, is replete with the most virulent invective, with 
the most flagrant abuse, which ever disgraced the pages of theological con- 
troversy. It is divided into three parts, namely, an address " To the Read 
er, " of three pages, dated "Boston, December 31, 1700," and signed b 
Increase Mather ; a series of remarks " on some of the Scandalous violations 
of the Third, Fifth, and the Ninth Commandments," contained in " Gospel 
Order Revived," dated Jan. 6, 1700-1, to which is appended "A Short 
Scheme of the Plot against the Churches of Neiv England, as 'tis Con- 
fessed by some of the Plotters, in that which the Publisher pleases to call 
their Great, and Noble, and Excellent work, Entituled Gospel Order Re 
vived, " both attributed to Cotton Mather. President Mather, after a tirade 
against Gospel Order Revived, "of which some say, that if it had been 
called The Order of the Gospel Reviled, that had been a very true and 
proper Title for such a Discourse," gives utterance to a severe rebuke, 
evidently intended for Colman, whom he styles " a little thing, " whose 
"impotent Allatrations " are beneath his notice, accusing him of "vilifying 
his Superiors, unto whom he ows a special Reverence," and asserting that 
"at Mocking he has outdone Ishmacl: For Ishmael Mock'd his Brother 
only ; but this Youth has not feared to Mock his Fathers" He then makes 
due mention of " One that is of the same. Spirit with him, [Colman,] viz. 
T. B. [i. e. Thomas Brattle,] who "has ventured to own himself to be the 
Publisher of that which is an heap of Rude, Unmannerly, and unmanly 
Reflections : who likewise in Print Scornfully styles His President a Rev- 
erend Scribler, and complains of his Cantings, with other Scurrilous Ex- 
pressions, which shew what Conscience he makes of the fifth Commandment 
— A Moral Heathen w r ould not have done as he has done." 



1849.] R •. B i . D. h. 

We gladly turn fn>ni this unhappy controversy to the oonsi \ of 

iraon* pleasing BubjecU I ' ch, thus established in the very 
;i most violent and anchri ^position, increased rapidly in numbers a I 

influence T ordinance of the Lord'i Supp first admi i 

the lilt of February, 1 699 I i i which d< «l 

themselv( - to the number of communicants. In Mr. ( olman 
bined all the qualificationfl of tn attractive and profitable preacher Ii 

sacred desk his air is said t<> uai I and grave, nil i 

jusl ami delicate, and his inimitably I tuneful, mai .ith 

the I propriety and exquisite bi* modulation. His d 

was animated and lofty, bul md plain, like bis mod< -. ■ spired 

( lai ics ; and the arrangement of his torn of ; 

•ily adapted to the el< n musical proi 

oiation;" and hi< taste in composite in advance of that of his 

oonfc mporaries, thai In- fa 

in the preaching of th< Massachus< its i '■ rgy. W ith such gifl 
in connection with his liberal i r thai Colman sh< 

lender himself peculiarly tab)e in I 

ii: • storm of opposition had subsided, his ( Lurch should Bteadily pi 
in numbers and influence. Within two y< iettlem< 

r tor, the Society propos d to furnish him with permanent ince in 

the ministry; and in the month of June, 1701, Mr. 

Eliphalet Adams, a graduate at Har I the ( I 1694, who 

preached for them two years and a half, and then withdrew f Th< - mil 
\)\. John Barnard, of Marbl< hea I, is said I 
tiint'. as an assistant to Mr. Colman. In the year 1715 1 
mined to obtain permanent assistant 

August invited Mr. William Cooper I Fhe 

invitation was accepted by Mr. Cooper on the condition thai 
excused "from engaging presently in a constant course of pr< ichinjr, it 
being a very early day with him." After preaching once a 
nearly a year, he was Anally ordained M L6. 

Prom this time Benjamin Colman'9 life forms a chapter in the histoi 
New England. His influence was felt in every quarter; his advice i 
sought upon all occasions j and to him did the heads of Church State 
yield that deference which his eminent talents challenged at the hai 
all men. In September, 1717. he was chosen Fellow of the Corporation of 
Harvard College, in place of Rev. Ebei Pemberton, who had died in 

the month of February preceding; and his election was approved and al- 
lowed by the ( )vers< i rs on the 1 4th of November following. Upon the death 
of President Leverett, in 1724, and the refusal of Rev, Joseph Sewall to 
accept the vacant chair. Colman was chosen by the Corporation, on the 18th 
of November, to succeed his former Tutor and constant friend as head of the 
Institution whose interests it had been the study and delight of both I 
mote ; a sufficient evidence, it' we had no other, ot' the confidence r - I 
in his abilities by the friends of the College. II is election was approved hy 
the Overseers on the 24th of the same month, and a committee of thai body 
was appointed to inform Mr. Colman of their approbation of his election, and 

•Thomas Bannister and Elkanah Pembroke, of the "Undertakers," with Nathaniel 
Oliver, John George, William Paine, John Chip, John Kilby, sen.. Mary Tuthill. Rebecca 
Taffin. Mary Mico, Nfehitabell Cooper, Lydia & ■■_ Sarah Bannister, Jane Pembroke, 
and Elisabeth Royall. 

t Mr. Adams was subsequently settled in the ministry at New London, Conn., where 
be died in 1753. 



224 Memoir of [Jutyr 

to desire his acceptance, and to apply to his Church for his discharge from 
the pastoral office ; and also to " wait on the Honorable Gen 1 Court to inform 
them of the Choice that is made of a President and to move for a proper 
Salary for his Incouragement." But, unfortunately, Colman was peculiarly 
obnoxious to a majority of the House ©f Representatives, where sectarian 
prejudices and political animosities now raged hand in hand ; and conse- 
quently, when the memorial of the committee of the Overseers was laid 
before them, praying that they w r ould "appoint a larger salary than has 
been usually allowed, for the honorable maintenance of the President," 
it was voted that, " forasmuch as at present it is uncertain whether the 
Church, of which the Rev. Mr Colman is Pastor, can be persuaded to part 
from him, or whether Mr. Colman is inclinable to leave his Church and 
undertake the office of President of Harvard College, and this being a mat- 
ter of great weight and importance, especially to the establishment of the 
Churches in the Province, as well as to the said College, the further consid- 
eration of this memorial be therefore referred until the said Mr. Colman's 
mind, as well as [that] of the Church of which he is Pastor, be communi- 
cated to this Court, and made certain, whether he and they are willing he 
should accept of the choice and undertake the office of a President of Har- 
vard College, to which he is chosen as aforesaid." This vote, although not 
concurred in by the Council, indicated with sufficient clearness the disposi- 
tion of the popular branch of the General Court towards Mr. Colman, and 
convinced him that it was useless to expect from them a permanent provision 
for his support, should he accept the Presidency; and the melancholy expe- 
rience of his predecessors in that office was a warning to him of what he 
himself might expect, should he trust his fortunes to the tender mercies of 
the Provincial Government. He was also well acquainted with the feelings 
of the General Court towards him, as is evident from a letter on this subject 
to White Kennett, Bishop of Peterborough, in which he says, " I am not 
well in the opinion of our House of Representatives of late years, on whom 
the President depends for his subsistence, and they could not have pinched 
me without the Chair's suffering with me, which I could by no means con- 
sent it should do for my sake." Determined, therefore, to bring the question 
of his support to a speedy decision, and having privately seen a copy of the 
vote passed on the 3d instant by the House of Representatives, and been 
informed of its nonconcurrence by the Council, Mr. Colman addressed a 
letter, on the 10th of December, to Hon. Samuel Sewall, chairman of the 
committee of the Overseers, in which, after stating that, although he had 
always served the College to the extent of his abilities, he not only had 
never sought the office of President, but had rather shunned it, and express- 
ing his disinclination to leave his Church, he declares that, " as I wish the 
President in all times to come may especially give himself unto sacred stud- 
ies and exercises, so I would humbly supplicate the General Court for any 
one who shall do so, to grant him a very sufficient and honorable support ; 
but for the honorable Court to insist on their vote of knowing my mind, 
whether I am willing to accept of the choice, and to undertake the office of 
President, to which I am chosen, and also of knowing my Church's mind, 
whether they can part from me, before they will fix any salary for me in 
the said office, must determine me to give my answer in the negative to the 
Honorable and Reverend the Overseers of Harvard College, which in that 
case I now do." This letter being read at a meeting of the Overseers, on 
the 17th of December, the committee was directed to " wait again on the 
honorable General Court,, with Mr. Colman's answer and with this vote, 



L849.] Rev. B njamin ('.,/,„.,„. l>. D. 

praying thai the matter of a salary may be considered by them, and - 
upon a- may be most for toe speedy settlement ol I i' esident in the said 
I nd therein for the good of the whole Provinc Che pro 

R -. upon the reception of this appli 

I in the Records of th 

I "he < I Milium- I ol- 

I ■ .n. 

The ' r the < t thai tin \ had o the 

G ( .'h Mi < ucfa were 

I ' 

In the i I 

1 
Whether tl < 

Col 1 ... 

■nd trusi th< i 

I • ; . . \ ; I \ i ntt. 

\v . l >■ 

s 

In ( Dec 18th, 

i; aai d 

.1 WiLLaas ay." 

Notwithstanding the nonconcurn nee ol the ( ouncil, the Bymptona 
tility were too Btrong to 1"' mistaken, and Colman's independence of spirit 

• I not allow him to be dependent for Bupporl upon the uncertain fai 
of party administration. Accordingly, upon the 26th of this month, in an- 
r to another application from the () ^' • he transmitted his final 

answer to the committee of that board, in the m declaring that 

H does i his way clear to accept of the choice made of him to be the 

l ' -hi. nt of the Colli 

In December, 1728, Colmnn resigned his n as a Fellow of the 

( 'poration, although earn< stly requested by his coll< ontinni 

connection with that board, as an active, faithful, and able member of which, 
for eleven years, he had rendered the m ntial services to the Colli 

On the 1st of November, 1731, Mr. Colman received, through the bands 
of Governor Belcher, a Diploma of Doctor in Divinity from the University 
of Glasgow, an honor the more highly to be prized on ■•' its rarity 

in those days, when such degrees were but seldom conferred. 

On the 1 2th of December, L743, the faithful colleague and dear friend, 

wh >, for twenty-seven years, had shared his labors and contributed, in 

small degree, to his comfort and happiness, was Buddenly snatched from bis 

. by an attack of apoplexy, and \h- Colman found himself once more the 

' r of his flock. Already sinking beneath the infirmities of three- 

- and ten, his chief anxiety seems to have bei d 1i >t his flock 

il«l be left without a shepherd, the great tic-ire of his heart, to see his 

people unite. 1 in the choice of another Pastor — "another Cooper, one like 

the deceased — not a novi.-e, but one able and apt to teach, a man of under- 
standing, prudence, ami wisdom." Mis wish was gratified, in a year from 
this time, by the almost unanimous invitation of Mr. Samuel Cooper, a 
young man of the greatest promise, and a graduate at Harvard in L743, to 
ept the oilier left vacant by the death of his lather. The invitation being 
accepted, coupled, however, with a request similar to that of his lather, on the 
like occasion, Mr. Cooper entered upon his duties, and was finally ordained 
as coll* a te Pastor, May 21, 1746. 

*Book I. pp. 72-74. 



226 Memoir of [July? 

His fondest hopes realized, in the acquisition of so worthy a successor to 
his late colleague, Dr. Colman was ready to say, with the Patriarch of old, 
" Now let thy servant depart in peace." Sensible, as it would seem, of ap- 
proaching dissolution, he abated not his usual attention to his duties, and 
after receiving and entertaining his wife's children on the evening of the 28th 
of August, 1747, and telling them " That they were come to see him die," 
he expired, calmly and peacefully, about ten o'clock the next forenoon, in 
the 74th year of his age, and the 43th of his ministry, " in a good old age, 
full of days, riches, and honor," amid the lamentations of his people and of 
the Province. 

It was the singular fortune of Dr. Colman to have been, at different peri- 
ods, the youngest and the oldest minister in Boston. After the decease of 
Cotton Mather he stood at the head of the clergy of the Province, in respect 
of age, character, and influence. As the Pastor of an affectionate flock u he 
approved himself a wise, diligent, zealous, faithful, tender, and condescend- 
ing minister of Jesus Christ, in studying, watching, visiting, counselling, 
earnest praying and preaching, exhorting, charging, and comforting them as 
a father his children. And this he did through a Ion"- and shining course." 
For the younger members of his flock his feelings seem to have been truly 
those of a parent ; and his affectionate regard and anxious solicitude for 
their welfare and happiness ceased not with their childhood, but followed 
them in youth and middle age. Indeed, this parental concern for those who 
were just setting out on life's journey was not limited to his own immediate 
congregation, but extended to all who came within the circle of his acquaint- 
ance. The following letter, the original of which is in the possession of the 
writer, will testify to the warmth of feeling of which we have spoken. 

Boston, Nov. 19, 1712. 
Dear Mr. Sewal. 

Give me leave, now you are going off, to give you my best wishes and prayers, counsels 
and charges, in writing, as the best demonstration of that great love, respect, and friendship 
I profess to bear you. You are entring into a world, and going to a place, that is full of 
temptations and snares : be sensible of your danger, be jealous of yourself, be sober, and 
watch unto prayer. Watch both against a sensual spirit and a worldly one; let it be your 
chief care to preserve a religious one. Remember your education, your birth, your dedi- 
cation to God, your nurture under the admonitions of God's Word, the prayers and charges 
of your pious parents, and all the awful convictions from the blessed Spirit of Grace, and 
all the pious resolutions you have had under the same. Remember awefully the vow and 
bond of your baptism, and the solemn recognition and renewal thereof which you have 
voluntarily made. Remember that you have solemnly given yourself up to God, to obey 
and serve him, and promised to make his Word the rule of your life. Therefore study the 
Holy Scriptures daily, pray in secret without ceasing, accustom yourself unto religious 
reflections and meditations, and ejaculatory prayer, frequently, on one occasion and on 
another; and do not fail of frequent serious self-examination in secret. Keep God's Sab- 
baths, and be retired thereon, and in particular preparations for it the evening before ; fre- 
quent the Public Worship, and reverence God's Sanctuary, as you would preserve yourself 
from a profane spirit in all instances. Avoid evil company, and seek that which is good 
and virtuous; be cheerful with sobriety, and study to be obliging in your conversation; 
meek, humble, charitable, and devout. Guard against your passions, the irascible and 
concupiscible ; keep the door of your mouth, and give not your heart to wine or women. 
My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not: Watch and pray that you enter not into 
temptation. Always preserve honorable and reverential thoughts of the Divine Provi- 
dence ; how great a thing it is to commend one's self to its favor and gracious care, espec- 
ially in setting out in the world. You can't have too high thoughts of this, nor too great a 
solicitude about it. Let your Soul be your care, and" familiarize the thoughts of death and 
eternity. Lay not up your treasure, set not your heart, seek not your portion, upon 
Earth. Live in the abiding sense of our common frailty and dying state, the vanity of 
this life, the necessity of an interest in Christ, and the salvation through him, with Eternal 
Glory. 

Be just and upright in your dealings, be true and faithful to your employers : keep a 



1840.] Rev. Benjamin Cblman, I>. I>. 

I conscience, void ofoffei I :ei<l toward man: prepare for 

if the vrorld bejonridol these will be insnpportabli end lead jrou into much 

sin. 

Acknowledge Qod daily in praise and thanksgiving to Him. f<>r a',' and fa- 

tavidence to you. Humble yourself before ( i<«i ander iny remarkal 
of it (tu your affairs and interests. If you should be sickly, or arrested by any distempi 
■oi your spirits sink, bat encoora/r I provide) 

ness i> the Banie in every pari of the earth. It" your health grow and in 

1 it ma] if He lee it best for you) be not secure, and forgetful of sickness and death. 
Beware of disposinjg yourself to love and marriage. B inclination, virtue, 

and wisdom do guide yon, and not mom Ling tempi tion, 

smui', and cross A good portion of ingenuity, meeki mper, ai 

more worth than all the mil lion- of the [ndi H iven guide you; seek its guidai 
I commend you to tli*- grace and care of God: the i I many will follow yon 

[ hope, prevail with God to bless yon and prosper your way. A 
prayers of your friends forget not to pray for mi in particular, who am 

my dear fi lend and brother, 

I unworthy Mini-' 

B CoLMAjr, 

[Superscribed] 
- For 
Mr. Samuel Sewal, 

Mcnliant 
in Bost 

Iii high intellectual cultivation, Dr. Colman had tmt few equals. To na- 
ture as well as to art he was indebted for ■ most graceful and winning man- 
ner ami pleasing address, which constituted one of his most distinguishing 
accomplishments. His colleague, in an unpublished funeral discourse, testi- 
fies " how perfectly he understood tin- decorum of the pulpil ; and the grai ity 
and sweetness at once express 1 in his countenance, the niu-i<- of hU 
the propriety of his accent, and the decency of his gesture, showed him 
of the most graceful speakers of the agi • although he modestly pleads, 
when chosen President, his " long disuse of Academical studies and i x< r« 
cises," he was, in truth, a diligent student through life, and 
library, for that day, a portion of which he bequeathed "for the use of the 
Pastors of the Church in Brattle Street, forever, to be kepi in tin 1 Senior 
Pastor's study, on a separate shelf." * His Latin letters are highly ornate, 
and he read Horace not long before his death. He composed with gl 
rapidity and elegance; and his preeminent talents in this respect were in 
constant requisition to draught letters and address* - from the Church - to 
the General Court, the King, and Ids Ministers, as also to distinguished 
personages, at home and abroad. His occasional discourses w< re frequently 
solicited for the press, and scarcely an individual of any merit or eminence 
departed life without receiving a tribute from his pen ; and that, too, al- 
though the subjects of bis praises bad, in many instances, been among bis 
most violent and acrimonious persecutors. One of the best discourses he 
over published is said to have been that upon the death of Cotton Mather ! 
This kindness of heart and exemplary charity caused his services to be 
much sought by Churches, as well as by individuals, in the character of a 
peacemaker; and the numerous letters and papers called forth by such oc- 
casions furnish a striking proof of the confidence which was reposed in his 
wisdom and moderation. 

As would be expected from one of such world-embracing charity, Colman 
was deeply interested in the diffusion of Christianity among the remnants 
of the various Indian tribes which still lingered upon the outskirts of New 
England, and for the extension of the privileges of a Gospel ministry to 

* Sec his Will, Suffolk Trobate Records, Lib. 40, fol. 76. 



228 Memoir of [July, 

places which had been destitute thereof, either from the poverty of the peo- 
ple, and their consequent inability to support a Pastor, or from other causes, 
as at Block Island, Nantucket, Providence, South Carolina, the Bermudas, 
Cape May, &c. &c. His time, talents, and influence, his pen and purse, 
were alike unhesitatingly and unsparingly devoted to the furtherance of this 
work ; and in his younger days he not unfrequently went in person to preach 
among them. He rendered important services as a Commissioner, for many 
years, of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel among the Indians 
in New England and the Parts Adjacent; and on the 1 4th of September, 
1730, he was appointed a Commissioner and Corresponding Member of the 
Edinburgh Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge, an office which 
he sustained with his wonted ability until about the year 1740, when the 
increasing infirmities of years induced him to resign it. It was at the nom- 
ination and request of this latter Society, that the Degree of Doctor in Di- 
vinity was conferred upon him and the Rev. Joseph Sewall, Senior Pastor 
of the Old South Church, by the University of Glasgow. He rendered 
essential service to the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
(an Episcopal Association,) by pointing out, from time to time, a proper field 
for its labors, and giving information of the false misrepresentations which 
had been made, in some instances, to its managers, by interested persons, in 
consequence whereof its funds had been shamefully misapplied. It was at 
Dr. Column's suggestion that the Church of which he was Pastor, with oth- 
ers in the (then) town of Boston, agreed to make a contribution, twice in 
each year, to form an " Evangelical Treasury," the funds thereof to be ap- 
propriated to the extension of the knowledge and influence of religion. The 
"Proposal" for this contribution, "humbly offered to the consideration of 
the Ministers and Churches of Christ, through this and the neighboring 
Provinces," was found among his papers after his death, labelled My own. 

Colman's official connection with Harvard College has already been in- 
cidentally noticed. As a member of the Board of Overseers for nearly half 
a century, and an active Fellow of the Corporation for the period of twelve 
years, the services rendered by him to his Alma Mater have never been 
equalled in extent and value by any one man before or since. To his influ- 
ence the College is said to have been indebted, in a great measure, for the 
brilliant Presidency of Leverett. But for him the genial bounty of the 
Hollises and Holdens might never have gladdened New England's young 
University. He sacrificed his own popularity to defend the Institution 
against the storm of stubborn and unyielding fanaticism which threatened 
its existence, and withdrew not his hand until, with the cooperation and 
assistance of Leverett, Pemberton, AVadsworth, and the Brattles, he had 
placed the interests of the rising School of the Prophets upon a sure foun- 
dation. In his position as a member of the two Boards, he was continually 
called upon to exercise his peculiar talents, in draughting the various letters 
and addresses of these bodies ; an office which seems to have been imposed 
upon him on every occasion ; so that, during his life, scarcely a letter or 
address seems to have been put forth on any occasion, either by General 
Court, College, or Clergy, in Massachusetts, which was not drawn up, in 
part, at least, by his hand. But Colman's great and acknowledged services 
to the College have been set forth at large in the recent History of the 
University, by one of its Presidents, so that it does not become us, even 
were it necessary, to say more on the subject. 

The liberal spirit of Dr. Colman, and his zeal in the cause of education, 
would not permit him to confine his good offices to the Institution at which 



1849.] i: . Benjamin OUrmh, D. ft 

he had d his education, and where, u he declare! in a letter to the 

Bishop of Peterborough, he " had breathed in tic- catholic spin! " for which 
li<' was bo remarkable. He exerted his great influence with - in the 

behalf of Vm1<' College, al thai time (he only other Collegiate Institution in 
v i England, and u greatly • bj pn 

for it many valuable books, wherebj its Library has been enricl md 

his letters to its Rector ; i n < 1 some of it- I upon the receipt ol Dean 

Berkley's Gift, sufficiently indicate his interest in its welfai ity. 

• I i timate of impartial history I 1 * olman i^ 

entitled to the highest rank among hi- contemporaries for bis philanthropic 
spirit and public Bervi< Hia sphen - not limited to 

pulpit and the College, but embrac n the Council Chamber 

Province* H<' mingled without reserve in public affairs, and his opini 
were always received with deference. Hia influence in th<" counsels of his 
country may in a great measure be attributed to hi> peculiar elegance 
impressiveness of deportment ; for he was, as bia biographer informs 
good master of address, and carried all the politen< . I irt about him; 

and as he treated mankind of various degrees and ranks \\ith a civil 
courtesy, affability, complaisance, and candor - to be < quailed 

but the base and mean showed him n high degree ofr< l:»< 1 rev< 

love and affection ; particularly men of figure and parts, of our own nation, 
and foreigners, whom he failed not to visit upon their comii 
greatly valued and admired him. M Colman did not escape censui 
intermeddling with civil and secular i " But, as hi^ biographer, 

reasonably enough, asks, "must a person who knows well the int< 
hi> country, and is capable of serving it, and saving it too, wheo sinking, l e 
silent only because he is a Minister? 1- he nothing else? la 
subject of lii^ Prince, and a member of the Commonwealth ? N I 
thought mi ; and he was the very last person t«» allow his opin 
influenced by carping busybodies; and we accordingly find that he 

sly employed by the u Great and General Court " to prepare their ad- 
dresses on occasions of importance, and also to preach before them at i 
times and seasons. He carried on, through life, a free corn ipondence with 
the Chief Magistrates of tin- Prov nee, the leading members of the Council, 
ami the Agents of the Colony in England, on public affairs; and as an in- 
stance of the freedom of intercourse between the heads of the Government 
and himself, it may be mentioned, that there is preserved, in the Library of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, a letter from London, in which G 
ernor Belcher informs him of the circumstances of bis appointment to the 
Gubernatorial chair. 

Beside his numerous letters on public affairs, Dr. Colman carried i 
most extensive correspondence with eminent individual- at home and abroad. 

u lie wrote many hundred epistles in a year, to all ranks of persons, 00 all 

occasions and businesses, and with greatest ease imaginable, to the vast 
pleasure and profit of his friends, the benefit of his country and the Churches 

in it, and the good of mankind." Among his correspondents may be men- 
tioned the names of the HolliseS and Samuel llolden, I)rs. Iloadly. Watts, 
Calamy, Kennett, Harris, Avery, Burnet, and Wilson, Sir Richard Black- 
more, Rev. Daniel Neal, the Historian of the Puritans, besides very many 
others, of the most distinguished civilians and divines in Great Britain, 
as well as most of the Governors and most eminent men in the different 
Colonies. 

The town of Boston — the place of his nativity, for the interests of which 



230 Memoir of [July, 

he ever expressed the strongest regard — was indebted to the sagacious 
foresight and strong practical good sense of Dr. Colman for many improve- 
ments which he hazarded his popularity to effect. In 1719 he published an 
essay in favor of the establishment of a Market in Boston. He was very 
active in introducing the practice of Inoculation for the Small Pox, and pub- 
lished a pamphlet on the subject, in 1721, dedicated to President Leverett, 
which was reprinted in England, and received the warm commendation of 
the Secretary of the Royal Society. He also published a letter in vindica- 
tion of his friend Dr. Boylston, who had been ably sustaind in his philan- 
thropic efforts by himself and Cotton Mather, against the combined opposition 
of clergy and people. Among his beneficiary projects was that for the estab- 
lishment of two " Charity Schools," the one for boys, the other for girls, to 
be located on Fort Hill. The scheme for their foundation and regulation is 
dated " Feb. 1713," and is said to be essentially the same with that of the 
present well known " Farm School." The schools in Boston were an espec- 
ial object of his attention. He frequently visited them, " and encouraged 
the youth in piety and learning, both by word and writing," inciting them 
to diligence by " moving speeches," and "often giving them hymns of his 
own composing to translate into Latin." To the Prison and Alms House 
he was a frequent visiter, ministering both to the spiritual and pecuniary 
wants of their inmates. The poor ever found in him a wise counsellor, a 
faithful friend, and a liberal benefactor. His kindness of heart and exem- 
plary charity for the opinions of others, without any attempt to conceal his 
own, made him, as we have before mentioned, emphatically the " peacema- 
ker " of the Province. " He ever expressed " — such is the language of 
one whose privilege it was to stand in an intimate connection with him — 
" an utter dislike of that narrow spirit of bigotry, which he saw prevailing 
in too many of the greatest and best men of all sects and persuasions in past 
ages and the present ; he was for extending his charity and holding commu- 
nion with all that held the foundation. He loved and honored good men of 
every denomination, how much soever they differed from him in some pe- 
culiar sentiments, circumstantials, and modalities." He was wont to declare 
" that the Bible was his Platform," and he recognized no other. 

To a large circle of relatives and friends Dr. Colman was endeared by 
his eminently social qualities. In him were combined the dutiful son, the 
tender and affectionate husband, the wise yet indulgent father, the kind, 
sincere, and useful friend. His extensive learning, brilliant conversation, 
willingness to communicate information, and his thoughtful consideration for 
the feelings and prejudices of those with whom he was brought in contact, 
contributed to render him the delight of all who were so fortunate as to 
enjoy his acquaintance. " His conversation was admirably polished and 
courtly, and all his behaviour was that of the most elegant gentleman and 
benevolent Christain." Such is the testimony of his contemporaries. 

"If any should enquire" says his son-in-law, Turell, "concerning the 
person of Dr. Colman, in what kind of body this bright and holy soul was 
lodged, — his form was spare and slender, but of a stature tall and erect 
above the common height ; his complexion fair and delicate ; his aspect and 
mien benign and graceful ; and his whole appearance amiable and venerable. 
There was a peculiar flame and dignity in his eye, which he could soften 
and manage with all the beauty and force of oratory, but still natural and 
without the least affectation. Wisdom and grace made his face to shine ; and 
his neat and clean manner of dress, and genteel, complaisant behavior, po- 
liteness and elegance in conversation, set off his person to the best advantage." 



1849.] Rev. Benjamin Colman, D. D. 231 

Perhaps the best summary of Dr. Colman's character is to be found in 
Dr. Barnard's " Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New England," where he 
is described as " a most gentlemanly man, of polite aspect and conversation, 
very extensive erudition, great devotion of spirit and behavior, a charming 
and admired preacher, extensively serviceable to the College and country, 
whose works breathe his exalted, oratorical, devout, and benign spirit ; an 
excellent man in spirit, in faith, in holiness, and charity." 

It is certainly very surprising that the decease of such a man as Dr. Col- 
man, who stood at the head of the clergy in respect of talents and influence, 
who went down to the grave while the brightness of his intellect was yet 
undimmed, ere a breath had sullied his fair fame, or the least shadow 
fallen upon his moral excellence, should have been suffered to pass almost 
unnoticed by his eminent brethren in the Ministry ; not one of whom was 
found, to honor his memory in public, not one to pay a trifling tribute of 
respect to the exalted virtues of him whose pleasure it had always been to 
hold up for imitation the shining examples of departed worth ! True it is 
that President Holyoke, in his Oration at the Commencement succeeding 
his death, eloquently commemorated his talents and learning, his public 
services and private virtues ; but this was an official address, in the Latin 
language, and delivered upon an occasion which allowed of no extended 
eulogium or just delineation of character. An apology has been found for 
this, otherwise, unaccountable neglect, in the peculiar state of religious par- 
ties at the time, which rendered it difficult to speak of the professional career 
of one so liberal in his theological views as was Dr. Colman, without re- 
kindling the then smouldering flames of sectarian controversy and religious 
excitement, which had but recently agitated the Province. 

The neglect of others induced Dr. Colman's son-in-law, Rev. Ebenezer 
Turell, of Medford, to become the writer of his Life ; and to this circum- 
stance are we indebted for what has been pronounced " the best biography 
extant of any native of -Massachusetts, written during its Provincial state, 
and a monument honorable to him who raised it, as well as to the individual 
to whose memory it was erected." Prefixed to this work is a Preface, signed 
by three clergymen, (Mather Byles, Ellis Gray, and Samuel Cooper,) 
commending the memoir to the attention of the public, and paying a just 
though brief tribute to the talents and virtues of Colman, the opening para; 
graph of which is as follows : — 

" As the Rev. Dr. Colman stood among the first ornaments and benefac- 
tors to his country, it seems but a becoming gratitude to him, and honor to 
ourselves, to raise a monument to his memory. His polite and generous 
pen was always ready to do the same for others, and seized every opportu- 
nity to charm the living by the virtues and examples of the dead ; though 
few characters and actions would bear to be transmitted down to posterity 
with equal advantage to his own." 

Benjamin Colman w r as thrice married ; first, by Rev. Increase Mather, to 
Jane, daughter of Thomas and Jane Clark, June 8, 1700. She was born in 
Boston, March 16, 1679-80. 2d., by Rev. William Cooper, to Mrs. Sarah 
Clark, May 6, 1731. This lady was the daughter of Richard and Sarah 
Crisp ; was born in Boston, Sept. 15, 1672 ; and married, April 11, 1695, 
William Harris, Esq., a rich and influential merchant in Boston, and Treas- 
urer of Brattle Street Church. He died Sept. 22, 1721, and his widow was 
married, April 5, 1722, to the Hon. and Rev. John Leverett, President of 
Harvard College, whose wife had died June 7, 1720. President Leverett 
dying suddenly, May 3, 1724, his (undoubtedly disconsolate) relict was 



232 Never Too Late. [July, 

united to her third husband, Hon. John Clark, Esq., by Rev. Mr Colman, 
July 15, 1725. He dying in 1728, she still possessed sufficient attractions, 
either of person or purse, to secure her fourth husband, in the person of Dr. 
Colman ; but at length died, April 24, 1744, aged 71 years, 7 months, and 
9 days. Dr. Colman was married, Aug. 12, 1745, by Rev. Joseph Sevvall, 
D. D., to his third wife, Madam Mary Frost, of New Castle, N. H., widow 
of Hon. John Frost, and sister of Sir William Pepperell, who survived him. 
Dr. Colman had issue by his first wife, only ; viz Benjamin, born Sept. 
1, and died Sept. 18, 1704; Jane, born Feb. 25, 1707-8; and Abigail, 
born Jan. 14, 1714-15. The eldest daughter, Jane, was married, by her 
father, to Rev. Ebenezer Turell, Aug. 11, 1726, and died March 26, 1735, 
leaving a son, Samuel, the only survivor of four children, who died Oct. 8, 
1736* The misconduct of his second daughter, Abigail, was the greatest 
affliction of the Doctor's life. H-3 thus speaks of her: — " She gave herself 
to reading from her childhood, and soon to writing. She wanted not a 
taste for what was excellent in books, more especially of a poetical turn or 
relish, which soon appeared to be her favorite turn. This run her too soon 
and too far into the reading Novels, &c , for which God in his righteous 
Providence afterwards punished her, by suffering her to leave her father's 
house, to the grief of her friends and the surprise of the town." She was 
married (probably secretly, as no record thereof is to be found |) to Mr. 
Albert Dennie, a merchant in Boston, in September, 1737, and died May 
17, 1745, leaving a son John, the only survivor of three children, whom 
Turell speaks of as " the only lamp the Doctor left burning in his house at 
his decease." In this child seem to have centered Column's hopes and af- 
fections; he devoted himself to his instruction during his own life, and by 
his last will provided liberally for his education and support. But he died 
childless, and the Doctor's family became extinct. % 



NEVER TOO LATE. 



We hear from Weymouth, says the Boston Evening- Post for Mon- 
day, Dec. 24, 1753, that on Thursday last was married there, at the hour 
of 12, Mr. Epkraim Tkair of Braintree, being 85 years old, to Mrs. 
Many Kingman of that place, aged 78, it being about fifteen months since 
he buried his former wife (with whom he had lived 60 years in the mar- 
ried state) at which Time he was the Father, Grandfather, and Great- 
grandfather of QQ Male and 66 Female Children, since when there has 
been an increase of upwards of 20 more. After the ceremony was over, 
he returned with his wife to his House in Braintree, attended with a great 
Concourse of People, and 'tis judged, that from the Vigor and Activity 
which he then display'd, that were he to have married a young woman, he 
would have still been the Father of a numerous offspring. 

* Turell's Life of Colman, p. 209, is the authority for the date of the death of Mrs. Tu- 
rell, and the particulars respecting her family. 

t We find neither the record of her birth or marriage, and are, therefore, indebted to 
Turell's Life, &c, for both, as well as for the particulars concerning her family. 

X Circumstances have occurred, which have induced us to bring this article to a close 
in a much more summary manner than was anticipated when the first part of it was pre- 
pared. This will account for the apparent incompleteness of this latter portion, when 
compared with that in the preceding number* 



1849.] The Pease Family. 233 



THE PEASE FAMILY. 

(By Fredbmck 8. Frame of Albany, N T . V., Biember of the N. E. Hist. Gcncul. Boc ] 

[Oonttuud from pagfl 17".] 

FIFTH GENERATION, CONTINUED. 

107 — G. — Charles, b about 1764. At the i thirteen he enlisted into 

the :inny ••> drummer. Hera in Somers; died in 1839 Had 
one son ( Sharles, w ho is ra and is supposed to have children, and 
lives in Somers; also two daughters. 
7. — Hannah, b. abou I 1751, d. 1768 
8. — Biah, b. aboul 1753, d. 1768. 
9. — Sarah, l». ahum 1765. d. of -mull pox, 1778 
10. — Hannah, b. 1760, d. of cancer in the breast She in. a Pelton, 
1 I. — Minium, b. about 1772. 

(27) V. Emery, [33— 3] was born 1727. resided in Somers, and died 

there in 1796. Had children : 
108— 1.— Emery (63) 

2. — David; 3, Augustus : 4, Sylvanus; 5, Gaius; 6, Betsey; 7. Ful- 
ly; 8, Manlda; '.), Peggy; 10, Independence. 

(28) V. Noah, [35 — 1.] was born in Somen*, 1740, and died July 20, 

1818. His first wife was Mary Ward, who was born 17 
and died Nov. 3, 1807. His Becond wife was Dun;;- Arnold, 
widow of Samuel Arnold of Somers, and daughter of Deacon 
John Hubbard of Ellington, Ct., by whom he had no children. 
Slit* died Nov, 1824. Children by his first wife: 
ill— 1.— Giles, b. April 13, 1763, d. Sept 26, 1828 — (64) 

2. — Hannah, who in. Calvin Pitkin, and died m.in\ years before the 
death of her brother. She had several children 

(29) V. Ephraim, [37—2.] was horn 1719, m.Tabitha Abbe, 1740, and 

d. 1801. At the commencement of his career he was a mer- 
chant, and subsequently a contractor during the French war. 
He acquired a large estate, and was one of the must wealthy 
of the colonists at the commencement of the Revolution. Had 
children : 
112 — 1. — Ephraim, who was a merchant, and died in his prime. 

113 — 2. — Peter, died while a student at Yale College. 

114 — 3. — Obadiah, died soon after his graduation at Vale. 

Sybil, m. Rev. Elam Potter, the third minister of Enfield She 
was the mother of Elam O Potter. Esq., who died in 1827. 

Agnes, in. Rev. Nehemiah Prudden. She was the mother of 
Ephraim P. Prudden, who graduated at Yale in 1811, and 
died 1836. 

Nancy, ra. Augustus Diggins, and died young. 

Tabitha, died young. 

(30) V. Aaron, [38 — 3 ] married Anna Geer, 1751, settled and died in 

Enfield. Had children : 
115—1 —Aaron, (65) 
116— 2.— Stone, (66) 

Ephraim, 

Elam, 

(31) V- Nathaniel, [39 — 4] was born 1725, married Eunice Allen, 

15 



234 The Pease Family. [July? 

1754, died in Norfolk, Ct., March 28, 1818, aged 93. His 

wife died March 21, 1807. He was among the first settlers 

of the town. Had children : 
117— 1.— Phineas, b. in Enfield, Jan. 9, 1755. (G7) 
118—2.— Calvin, b. " Sept. 14, 1757. (68) 

119— 3.— Lovisa, b. " Dec. 1760, m. Giles Pettibone of Norfolk, 

d. 1835. 
120— 4.-— Allen, b. in Enfield, Windsor, or Goshen, Ct., Oct. 12, 1762. (69) 
121—5.— Nathaniel, b. in Goshen, Oct. 22, 1764. (70) 
122— 6.— Obadiah, b. " Nov. 21, 1766. (71) 

123— 7 —Dudley, b. in Norfolk, Feb. 1768, died in infancy. 
124— 8.— Eunice, b. June 29, 1770, m. Edmund Akin of Norfolk, d. Oct. 

3, 1806. 
125 — 9. — Electa, b. Julv 20, 1772, m. Abijah Pettibone of Simsbury, Ct., 

d Aug. 30, 1843. 
126— 10.— Betsey, b July 21, 1774, m. Azias Pettibone of Granby, Ct., 

d. Feb., 1819. 
127 — 11. — Flavins, b. Oct., 1776, d. young. 
128— 12.— Earl P., b. July 30, 1778. (72) 
129— 13.— Martha, b. May 5, 1781, d. March 5, 1784. 

(32) V. Ebenezee, [44—1..] m. Mary Terry, 1739, died 1784. Had 

children : 
130— 1.— Ebenezer. (73) 
131— 2.— James. (74) 
132— 3— Peter (75) 

4. — Azubah. 

5. — Mary. 

(33) V. James, [45—2.] was born 1724. Had five daughters: 

Hannah, who m. Shubael Geer, had two sons and four daughters; 
Abigail, who m. George Pynchon of Springfield, Ms., had three 
sons and two daughters; Mindwell, who m. Amos Bull 1744, 
had five sons and four daughters; Catharine, who m. Benjamin 
Hall 1746, had three sons and five daughters; Martha, who m. 
Caleb Bush, had six sons and five daughters. 

(34) V. Isaac, [50—1.] had a son : 
133— 1.— Rufus. (76) 

(35) V. Abner, [51 — 2.] was twice married. His first wife was Eliza- 

beth Farrington, by whom he had five sons and two daughters. 
His second wife was Lovicy Allen, by whom he had no children 
that lived. 

He was a member of the religious society commonly called 
Shakers. He, with his second wife, Lovicy, united with that 
society in 1780, the first year of its opening in America. His 
family and others who had embraced the Shaker faith, re- 
mained at their usual places of residence until 1787, when they 
began to sell their possessions, and come together. He died at 
his residence in Stephentown, N. Y., in 1784, of small pox, 
aged 45, and his wife Lovicy died at the establishment in New 
Lebanon, N. Y., (near Stephentown,) in 1788, aged 37. 

Abner came to his death by the following singular circum- 
stance : One of his sons, who was living at home, was ex- 
tremely opposed to the Shakers ; so much so that he brought 
the small pox into the family, by which the whole family were 
taken ill, which resulted fatally in the death of the father. 



r 



19.] Tk Pease 1 

]'r<-\ i the S ikers, durio : tl R ■. olu- 

tionarj War, in 1 777. I . sheriff in 

what was then the county of Albany. At that tim< . he, \s it !i 
two others, Sheldon and White, having been t«> Albany, were 
on their »me, and while stopji n kept by 

Nicholas Al 

toi " in and began I i them, makin i 

disturbance. ^ hite, being a justi 

nd them. I lurrend ■ might 

up itain after their knapsacks, and >wn arn 

with muskets :ui I L'h»-y 1 1 r < ■ < 1 at them and woun< 

['ease in the thigh ; at eed a horri 

ish cm his head fi he can 

until his d< ath. I nabl 
their money and horses, and took them pinioned into I 

They had not gone I d be lx came foinl from I 

lil I, ami f< 11. 1 

one <»t tlic can", a young man named Jul S *, had c<»mt)as» 
sion "ii him and tore a >m 1 * i ^ own ib . up 

his h< ad and left him i ! eral 

hours, until he was d Dutch fan 

his cows, who took him to his b rnd k«-j>t him until he p 

able to ride, and then lent him his i to bis h«>: 

These lories, with the excepti 

<>'i condition <-t' his heeomini: a witm 

were afterwards bung in A One of them wai named 

Robert Slo Hie jud 

Richard Morris, R Yates, and J n SI j I] 

He a as capsatn of a volunteer i 
formed in the county at tl. 
in Boston harbor, u 
arouse the British to some e 
The children by his first 
|84—1.— Abner. (77) 
2 — Fames. (78) 
—.5. — Daniel, who died in infancy. 
l:;;_j _,j hn. j ; 

— 5 — Samuel. (80) 
6. — Sally, in. Richard Hayes, and bad two daughfc 
7. — Sybil, who was three times married. 1st to El ish a K . in 
Somen. 2d to John Henry, < \ rwich, N V. I 
Seph Powers, ^( W( . N Y. v never had any chil- 

dren, ami was living in C >wnj N V.. in L847, at the 

Y. Noadiah, [53— 4.] was born in Enfield, Ct, about 1736; mar- 
ried tor his first wife, Tirzah Smith of I I - nbury, (';.. about 
L 7 63, and settled in Enfield, where he lived till about 17 ■*■_'. 
when he removed to Sandisfield, Mb. He was a tanner ami 

shoemaker. At Deerfield, M>.. he enlisted into the command 
under (Jen. Putnam, called Putnam's rangers He was in the 
expedition against Ticonderoga, Under G Abercrombiej in 

the French war in 17.",s. lie was at D. erfield at the time the 
Indians were committing their depredations there. He died 



236 The Pease Family. [Juij? 

March 26, 1822, aged 86. His first wife died in 1789. The 
children by her were : 

139 — 1. — Roxanna, m. Ebenezer Ames of Brimfield, Mass., and died soon 
afterwards. 

140 — 2. — Noadiah, m. the widow Abigail Breck of Northampton, and died 
there. He left two daughters : one m. Benj. Eastman, and re- 
moved to Philadelphia ; the other died unmarried. 

141 — 3. — Elihu, died young. 

142 — 4. — Tabitha, died young. 

143 — 5. — Philena, m. Obadiah Chapin of Enfield, and died soon afterwards. 

144 — 6. — Tirzah, died young. 

145 — 7. — Walter, m. Naomi Clark in Northampton, and died there. 

146—8.— Asaph, resides in Winsted, Ct, (81) 

147 — 9. — Aehsah, Persis, and Erastus, all died young. 

148—10.— Alvah. (82) 

Noadiah married a second wife, by whom he had 
Simeon, who m. Betsey Arnold of Canaan, Ct. They lived in 
Sandisfield until they had a numerous family. He now lives 
in Canandaigua, N. Y. 

(37) V. Moses, [56 — 3.] settled and died in Enfield. His children were : 
149— 1.— Moses. (83) 

150— 2.— Lemuel. (84) 
151— 3.— Benjamin. (85) 

(38) V. Samuel, [57 — 4] who died in 1772. Had one son: 
152— 1.— Abiel. (86) 

(39) V. Gideon, [60—7.] was born 1741, married Sybil Markham ot 

Enfield, for his first wife, and removed to Munson, Ms. Had 
children : 
153 — 1. — Gideon, who m. Hannah Rood. 
154— 2.— Dan. (87) 

155 — 3. — Urbane, who m. Judith Piper, and removed to Michigan. 
4. — Sybil, who m. Aaron Lamphear and removed to Ohio. 
5. — Experience, m. Henry Gardner, and removed to Chatauque Co., 

N. Y. 
6. — Jerusha, m. Ariel Lamphear, and lives in Munson, Ms. 

Gideon's second wife was Deborah Meacham, by whom he 
had: 
7. — Ira, who m. Sally Tupper. 
8. — Abraham, who m. Mary Davis. 
9. — Salmon, m. Roxa Howe. 
10. — Samuel, in. Harriet Underwood. 
11. — Deborah, m. Joseph Dwight. 
12. — Achsah, m. Joshua Williams. 

13. — Prudence, m. Gideon Bliss, and removed to Wisconsin. 
14. — Eunice, m. Austin Bliss, and lives in Munson. 
15. — Candice, m. Barney Stowell. 

(40) V. Israel, [64 — 1.] who died in Middlefield, Ms. He had children : 
156— 1.— Simeon. (88) 

157__2.— Israel. (89) 
158—3.— Gad. 
159_4._ Dan. (90) 

(41) V. Ezekiel, [69 — 1.] was born Aug. 18, 1734, married Jemima 

Markham, who died Dec. 11, 1811, aged 76. He removed to 



1849.] Th Pi - Family. 281 

Weston, Windsor Co., Vermont, ibout L770, died 1807, 
73. I [ad a boo ■ 
160— 1.— Ezekiel. (91) 

(42) V. Henri Chandler, [70 — 2.] was bora Feb. 11, 1788, married 

Ruth Chapin, aboul 1760, removed to Sandisfield, Ma., 1763, 

died there Sept 1812 Had children : 

1C1 — 1 — Oliver, b. 1777, rin. in 1800, removed lo Cambria, Niagara Co., 

N. 5 . M ly 1828, from there to Bliasfield, Lenawi < . Mich- 

in, Sej ' been twice married, had four ions and 

four daughters by his first w ife, and one daughter by the second. 

162— 2— Henry, b. 1772 (92) 

.'I. — Ruth, in. Richard Adams; AW 
!. — Abi, in .Mr. Atwater of Sandisfield 
7). — Eliza, m. .Mi-. I i:ik«i- 
6 — Tabitha, m Mr. Dowd, had a family and removed to Sodu9, 

.V V , where she died. 
7. — Mehitabel, m. and removed to Colebrook, I I ad died lh< i 

(43) V. Isaac, [71 -3.1 was born June 1, 1752, lived and died in En- 

field. Had children: 
163— 1.— Oliver; 2, Isaac; 
IG4— 3.— R< uben, r 

IC'j — i. — Daniel; 5, Abel; 6, Calvin ; 7. [saac T ; 8, Theodor 
( II) V. Edward, [73 tiled in Enfield. Had children : 

I — Timothy; 2, Edward; 3, Heber. 
(45) V. Cummings, [75— 1.] left Enfield Had aaon: 

1.— Wilder ( '. 

V Asa, 1 77 ::.] died in Enfield. Had a son : 

1. — Maj. Khun. 

Sixth Gen er ati on. 

(47) VI. John, [78 — 1.] bora 177»;;. married Charity Thompson, 1781, 

died 1843,89. 90. 1I<- served in the Revolutionary War, and 

was a farmer. Had three sons and six daughl 

1. — John C, 1). 1782, m. Naomi (i. Niles of Windsor, Ct., sister of the 

Hon d<>lm M. Niles, I . S. Senator. II< was associated with Mr. 

Niles in the publication of a Gazetteer of Connecticut and Rhode 

Island. 





This name, (Dr.) t/v^'^'i \, / Qjt4^——J ■ " entitled to 



the credit of having compiled the genealogy of the first settlers of En- 
field, Ct , some years ago; to which the compiler of this genealogy is 
indebted for many of the tarts which form the basis of the work. It is 
with pleasure that he tenders to him, on behalf of the family at large, 
his sincere acknowledgments. 

2.— Walter, b. 1784. 

A.— Lorrain T., b. April 17, 1788, m. Sarah Marshall of Windsor, 1303. 
Had children, Elisha M.. b. 3 Jan., 1812, who removed to Texas in 
1834, and is a practitioner of law at Brazoria. He was one of those 
who composed the first meeting which was called to consider the ex- 
pediency of taking up arms against Mexico, and was for a short time 
engaged in active military service. Lorrain T., b. 11 Aug., 1815. 
He removed to Texas, and died there 31 Aug., 1S36. He was in 



238 



Proverb. 



[July, 



active service in the Texan war against Mexico, and one of the few 
who escaped the Fannin massacre. And five other children. 

(48) VI. Richard, [84—1.] had children, 1, Richard; 2, Luke; 3, Wal- 

ter ; 4, Orrin ; 5, Alpheus ; 6, Austin ; 7, Azariah. 

(49) VI. Augustine, [85 — 1.] born May 18, 1757, married Mary Aus- 

tin, dau. of Seth Austin, Oct., 1781. He died at Nashville, 
Ten., April, 1791. Had children, Mary, b. March 5, 1782; 
Nancy, b. March 1, 1784. 

(50) VI. Zeno, [86—2.] born Feb. 2, 1759, married Hannah Leavitt, 

Dec. 13, 1781. He died of dropsy, at Suffield, Feb. 3, 1809. 
Children, 1, a son, b. March, 1782; 2, Charlotte, b. Jan. 25, 
1784; 3, Hannah, b. April 9, 1785; 4, Henry, b. Jan. 14, 
1787; 5, Lydia, b. June 23, 1789; 6, Cynthia, b. Nov. 28, 
1790; 7, Chauncey, b. Feb. 1, 1793; 8, Adaline, b. Aug. 29, 
1801. 

(51) VI. (Dr.) Oliver, [87—3.] born July 27, 17G0, married Cynthia 

Smith, dan. of Seth Smith, June 3, 1795, died in 1843. He 
was a highly respectable physician of Suffield for more than 
forty years; town clerk for twenty years or more; a justice of 
the peace ; and for a long time judge of probate for the Suifield 
district. He had a daughter, Emily L., b. March 5, 1796, who 
m. a Mr. Clark. 

(52) VI. Royal, [88—4.] born April 15, 1702, married Deborah Meach- 

am, Dec. 10, 1798, died in Vermont, 1830. Children, 1, Delia, 
b. April 27, 1799; 2, Albert, b. Sept. 14, 1800. 

(53) VI. Seth, [89—5.] born Jan. 9, 1764, married Bathsheha Kent, 

Dec. 21, 1785, died in Philadelphia, Sept. 1, 1819. His wife 
died June 14, 1818. Children, 1, Betsey, b. April 4, 1786; 
2, James, b. April 10. 1788 ; 3, Gamaliel, b. June 26, 1790 ; 4, 
Alfred, b. May 28, 1793. 

(54) VI. Joseph, [91—7.] born Sept. 11, 1766, married Elizabeth Pierce 

of Suifield, Aug. 18, 1790, died near Dayton, Ohio, in 1842. 
Children : 

1. — Horace, b. Feb. 14, 1791, m. Ann Stilts, 1821, for his first wife, who 
died 1829 ; second wife, Sarah Bellville, in 1832. Residence, Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

2. — Edward, b. Nov. 3, 1792, m. Patsy Phifer, 1824, residence near Dayton, 
Ohio. 

3. — Perry, b. Jan. 23, 1797, m. Catharine E. Smith, 1822, residence, Car- 
rolton, Mont. Co., Ohio. 

4.— George, b. Nov. 25, 1798, m. Ellen AVheatley, 1831, who died 1839. 
He m. Mary Ann Lamme, for his second wife, 1841. 

(55) VI. William, [94—10.] born June 22, 1772, married Zilpah Spen- 

cer, Oct. 10, 1792, died at Suffield, 1846. Children, 1, Lucy, 
b. Feb. 10, 1793; 2, Don, b. May 11, 1797. 
[To be continued.] 



" Neither give heed to endless genealogies, which minister questions ; but 
avoid foolish questions and genealogies, for they are unprofitable and vain." 
— Ancient Chronicle. 



184'.'.] 



List of F 






LI : FREEMEN. 



M 
I *The several | 

mini I 

public 

of !".'li M 

I » It.. 

dora, :iii«l ! 

J Clj I 

.1 

I .11 
i John ( 'orw in 

Will I ' I >.\ ||." jr. 

!' tman 

eeh 
Sam 1 .' urne sen. 

Jn R 

i James I '■• • »wno 
\ Phillip Cromwell 

Rich. [Iollinjpiworth 

Edw. II mil 

Xtopher Habriil 

Z M.iv B 

pli Reiknap 
Amos Richardson 
'I'll.. .1 

Deanc YVinthrop 
Natl .Ids 

Benj. Thirston 
John Toppan 
flV:in lis Bai on 
Math. Greene 
Humphry D&\ y 
James Alljn 
Abijah Savage 

iry T.i\ 
Tha Under? 
Wm. Hazzey 
Benj. Muzzey 
The, Hoole 
Hen. Messenger 
Jn*. Minot I fc 

James Minot 

phen Minot " 

Daiu. Preston 
David Jones 

Wm. Week i " 

Edw. B " 



I , i 

| 
l 

S ne 

J 

J 

I 
.1 • 

Math. - 

iMi! i 



D 

\\ 
Spr. .1 |i 

.1 1 1 
Wat. 'J I 

J H 






I! 



S 



t\ 



I M 

S 

.In.. 
1 I ! II 

[Ierl S I ' 

Sam. U ii in 

I' M i • • . Be 

I 












1 
I 

': 
! Idenden 

1 
C, JR., 1 / 

Mi Phillip v 
'I'h.. Nelson 

Intml.le 

Benj' - 

C. It, TV. : 

n Oct i- ■ 



s 

Rox.jl 
N 

I; 



Ant! I 

Nieh( 

; i 1 1 

Jn . I in. 

Thomas Merrick Springl R { g 

( . h.. l\ . , 

May ]■ 

Mr. Joseph Cooke Camb. 

Daniel Wellow 

.. 









rib. 

Milt. 

1 1 



Jn" Swayne 
Jn . Addams 
Tha Browne 
Tha Pbelabrowhe 
Tha Cheney 
James Hubbard 
Rob*t Ayer 
Tha Aver 



M 
.. 
M 
M 

.. 

II 



rr 
Tima Tilesl 
Jn # . (.ill 
Tha Smisl jun. 
I I 
\Y I heny 
M >re 
Tha fibster 
W m Lyon 
Jn Kingman 
Sain. Pratt 
Sam. White 
Jn°. Vlning 



Kox. 



Wey*. 
it 



240 



List of Freemen, 



[Julj s 



Tho. Bayly Wey ra . 

James Nash " 

Jacob Nash " 

Laurenc Hatnond Bost. 
Rob*. Coxe " 

Hugh Amos " 

Moses ffiske Dov r . 

Peter Coffyn 
Jn°. Woodman 
Jn°. Davis 
Jn°. Martjn 
Antho. Nutter 
Tho. Roberts 
Tobias Davis 
Tho. Eaton Ha^ 

Jn°. Johnson " 

Jn°. White 

Elish. ITuthinson 
David Say well 
Eph. Turner 
Jn°. Turner 
Caleb Watson 
Jn°. Crow 
Jn°. Browne 

Jn°. Samborne Hampton 
Nath. Batchelor " 

Win. Marston " 

Hen. Dow " 

C.R., Vol IV. p. 562. 

29 April 1668. 

Mr. James Russell 

Charlstown 
Jn°. Herman " 

Nathan i Rand u 

Peter fFrothrington " 
Jn°. Louden " 

Jn° Benjamin Waftawn. 
Nath. Coolidge " 

Jonath. Whitney 
Jonatha. Browne 
Symon Stacy 
Jn°.Whiple 
Tho. West 
Henry West 
Samuell Archard 
Jn°. Massey 
Wm. Down ton 
Jn°. Ingersoll 
Jn°. Pease 
Jn°. Dodge sen'. 

Bass River 
Nath. Stone " 

Peter Woodbury " 
Ephrajm Hereck " 
Wm. Peelsbury Newbery. 
James Ordaway " 

Nath. Clarke " 

Tristram Coffin " 

Henry Leonard Lynn 



« 

U 

u 
u 

u 

Haverill 

u 
u 

Lanes 41 

u 

Wooborne 
Meadfeild 

Rorksbury 
Hampton 



Ipswicl 



Salem 
u, 

(( 

u 

u 

u 
u 



Nebemiah Jewet 
Tho. Call jun. 
James Nicholls 
Tho. Hall Cambridge. 

Tho. Philebrowne u 
Jn°. Swan 
Nath. Handcock 
Sam. Hastings 
Jn°. Addams 
Thorn. Browne 
Nath. Smith 
Steven Dow 
Robert Emerson 
Ralph Holton 
Henry Kelly 
James flTowle 
Benj. Bullard 
Sam. Garv 
Tho. Phil'brick 
Sam. Wadsworth Mflton 
Sam. Smith North Hamp- 
ton. 
Jn°. Harrington Dedham 
C. R, Vol. IV p. 600. 

24 Oct. 1668. 

Jn° Green Maulden 

W m Greene " 

Symon Crosbee Billirrikey. 
Thomas Dav Springfeild 
C. R. : Vol IV. p. 624. 

19 May 1669. 

u Persons admitted to firec- 
dom by this Court, and 
those that tooke their 
oaths are set down first ; 
those that tooke it not 
are under the line 

Mr. Tho. Deane 
James Whetcombe 
Daniel Turill 
Sam. Norden 
Jn°. Mosse 
Joseph Parsons 
Jn°. Gidney 
Barthol. Gidney 
Sam. Cheevers 
Jn°. Pickering 
Joseph Grafton' 



Mr. Jn°. Davenport sen 1 . 
Mr. Jn°. Shearman 
Mr. Sam. Torrey 
Mr. Rich. Hubbard 
James How 
Mr. Jn°. Davenport jun. 
Jn°. Prescott 
Rich. Wheeler 
Jn°. Moor 



Lynn'Jn . Rugg 
Maiden !Jno°. fleteher 

Joakim Harvey 

Tho. Daniel 

W m Van ban 

Rich. Cumings 

Henry Deerintj 

Jn°than Wade jun. 

Jn°. Conney sworn July 

Moses Bradford 

Sam Mason 

Jn°. Roberts 

Jn°. Gorton 

James Kent Newb- 

Jn° Kent 

Jn°. Bartlet jun. 

Jn°. Wells 

Abiel Somersby 

Henry Jacquish 

Benja. Lowell 

John Bayley 

Sam. Perlv 

Nehemiah Abbot 

Georg Lyon 

Ezra Clap 

Ebenezar Clap 

Tlio. Gunn 

James Cornish 

Jn°. Roote 

Tho. fi'arnum 

Jn°. Steephens 

Jn°. fry 

Steven Osgood 

Georg Abbat 

Wm. Chandler And. 

Andrew fibster 

Jn°. Maxwell 

Laurenc. Willis 

Wm. Greenough 

Benj Gage 

Jn°. Bayly Newb. 

Nath. Hancock 

Jn°. Bayley* Rowley 

Mathew Edwards 

Jn°. Keepe Spr. 

I sack Graves swora 

Henry Jacquish 

Benj. Kelly 

Jn°. Hastings 

Boaz Browne 

Ezek. Jewet 

Antho. Austin 

Jn°. Kelly 

Benja. Rolfe 

Thomas Wiirgin 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 629. 



11 May 1670. 

Mr. Jn°. Chickering Chars. 
Daniel Edmonds 



1849.] 



Li ! of /' 



241 



Tho. White Chan 

A • ili:un Smith M 

S.llll. lYiivr " 

.I ph ll'i osl M 

Tho. Chadwell 

Bollomon Phippsjun. 

Joseph Ketle 

S i. Ketle 

Wm. . s \ monds 

R jer Kenicot 

Tho. Green 

■ I Baldin 

S.i mi ii 'II Maning 

Jn Bracket 

Mr. Jn ' ( >xen1 ■ 

Henry Tompson 

Adam Niccolla 
Mr. Sam. Willard 
Wm. Lakin 
IVI.it h \ as farnworth 
Tho. Patch 
1 [( hit Bayly 
John Black 
John < rally 
J Woodl 
Tho. Wesl 
Mr. Beter Bulkley 
John 1 1 i\ v. 
Thomas Mason 

th Hamj." 
Tho. Bascom 
Wm. Websl 
• I |>h Baldwin 
Joseph Plunier 
Benj. Rolfe 
John Poorejun. 
ffrane. Thurlo 
Nicho. Batt 
Job Pilsbury 
John ( rerrish 
Wm. Bartol 
Benja. Leeds 
Henrj II jgit 
Dani. < Jott 
Wm. K.i\ in"- 
Jn\ Batchiler 
W ffiske 
John Albye 

C. Rl Vol. TV. p. 651. 

11 Oct 1670. ' 
John Sandford 
John Gipson ' 
John Warren 
David Cop 
Samuel Worcester 
Nicholas Wallington 

C. R., Vol IV. p. 6G0. 

31 May 1671. 
Giles fyfield ' Chads. 



\\ 






u 

.. 



Cone. 



!! 
I 



i: \ ci 

H 
N.ifh. ffrothingham u 

ph L) ml 
Abr. Smith 
John Call 

. ffrothingham 
Mr. A I " 



I 

I 

1 1 

.. 

.. 



ii 

.. 
u 

I ' 
v bhd. 

1 1 >n 



I P kes 
Jn . 

Mr. Josiah flvnt 

N 

I I • ■ 1 1 I 

^ nrr 
i \\ 

! .1 

jun. 
Allin Broad 

.i r ] • 

•• 

1 I ; H i no 

Josh. I. oln 

• ' ! I \ in Hadl 

No ih < ■ 

fl \\ ] 

Wm. White 
[sack ffo 
s no. Youngl 

". 

9 rv jun. 

in. 

,] i; 

: 

■ an ffull 
id run 



•' i: s ci.h. B 

: 

Ami I ' 

! M 

Ji I • i ■ i!.l 
I ! 
How 

!"■ 



r> ! 

i i 



9 
Newb 



u 

i. 
u 

Westf 



Ji !' 

Charls fferry 
.In". Riley 

Tho. I I 
Paul Wl 

Tho. N< 

ban Mors 
James Smith 

Smith 
John Knight jun. 
[sack Phelps 
Joseph Wniting 
Jonothan Corwin 
,h\\ Marston 
Klia//. Gidney " 

Jn'. Maskor ' " 

Tho. lngolls (676) " 
Jn # . Allien 3" Chh. B 
ffrane. Robinson M 

Jn . Mellowea 
Jonathan Jaekson " 

Win. Hoare M 



Salem 



.. 

.. 
.. 
.. 
.. 

.. 

Mild. 



Ed n I .' n gc r 

I 
I 
J 

! I 
Jo i 
I 
w 

S w. 
I 
1 1 dswoi th 
1 nard 
i 
.1 B ight 

< . : t't 

. Hunt 

I 

1 ! 

' . ot 

I . 
I I . i .n 
\U<\ I :i jun 

I Beard 
• i B 

B rnm 
J - < !i\ n 

B 
'/:.! fl 676,677. 

M I nO es ( Jamb. 

Mr. Joseph 1 hidley II >xbu. 

Wm. leaking I 

Mathias farnworth 

Jn*. Mi 

Joseph Mi 

Nath. Lawrence 

Jn t!i n Sautell 

Jn*th' M 

Mr. Jn Wii 

Dani. Henchman 

Ephraim Savage 

Joseph Wheeler 

Mannassetfa Brike 

Symon Amery 

Tinf Thornton 

Hen. Allin 

Edw. Grant 

James Townsend 



I 



u 

H 

.. 

Boston 

.. 

ii 
u 

U 
U 

u 
ii 
u 
ii 



24-2 

— TL — 



Xisi of Freemen. 



[July, 



DoV. 

(( 
It 

a 
(I 
(l 

Cambr. 

u 

Watr*. 
Weyra. 



Cone. 
ii 

u 

Medf. 
u 



Rowley 



Dedh. 
Medfie. 



Wm. Smith Boston. 

Sam. Bridge (6S8) w 

Wm. Griggs " 

Ephraim Searl " 

Abell Porter jun. " 

Isack Brookes Woob. 

Joseph Richardson " 

W m Ellery Gloc. 

Tho. Pinney " 

Georg Laines Ports. 

Jn° Breuster " 

Rob 1 Purrington " 

Rich. Shortridg " 

Jn°. Dennet " 

Jn°. Thompson 

Tho. Eggerly 

Jn°. Rand 

Jn*. Dam 

Stev. Jones 

Jn° Wingat 

Thos. Lavton 

Tho. 011iv r 

Natha. ffiske 

Jn° -Morse 

W m Torrey 

Micajah Torrey 

Joseph Prat 

Ric. Temple 

Tho. Deane 

Gershom Brooks 

Obadiah Morse 

Jn°th n Morse 

Joseph A Torse 

Nath. Whiting 

Ezekiel Jewet 

Abr. Haseltine 

Tho. Rimgton 

Jn°. Watson 

Jn°th. ffuller 

Edw. West 

Mr. Hope Atherton 

Hatfeid. 
Jn° Coleman " 

Thadeus Riddan Lyn 

Josep Gardiner Salem 

Rich. Hutton Wenh. 

Joseph Rice Marlb. 

Tho. Chubbuck 
Tho. Lincolne 
Jn° Beale 
Dani. Cushin 
Mathias Bridges 
Joseph Bate 
Benj. Bate 
Samnell Bate 
Wm. Hearsy 
Onesepherus Marsh 
Jacob Beale 
Caleb Beale (689) 
C.R., Vol. IV. pp. 088,689. 



8 Oct 1672. 

Mr. Solomon Stoddard 

North Ham. 
George Lane Hing. 

Dr. Leornard Hoare Bost. 
Tho. Lull Ips. 

Sam. Wight Medf. 

Eph. Wight " 

Joseph Croufot Springf. 
Henry Walker Glocest. 
C. R., Vol. IV. p. 705. 
7 May 1673. 

Mr. Peter Lydget 

1* Ch. Bost. 
Mr. Samuel Shrimpton " 
Mr. Elisha Cooke 
Mr. Eljakim Hutchinson " 
Mr. John Usher " 

Mr. Jn° ffaircweather " 
Mr. John Clarke " 

Mr. Isack Addington " 
Mr. John Buttolph " 

Samuel Bridge " 

Mr. Xtopher Clarke 

3 d Ch. Bost. 
Mr. John JoylifPe " 

Mr. Edward Wiilis " 

Mr. Nathaniel Daven- 
port " 
Tho. Bingley " 
Paul Batt " 
Timothy Batt " 
Mr. John Woodmansey " 
John Drury " 
James Bracket " 
Mr. Edw. AVillis " 
Mr. Jn°. Waller, merch' " 
Lyonel Wheately " 
Robert Mason " 
John Walley, mariner ' : 
Mr. John Pole ll 
Rich. Paddeshall 
John AVilkins " 
John Osborne 2 d Ch. Bo 
Hopestil foster " 
tfrancis Hudson " 
Wm. Greenore jun. " 
Math. Barnard " 
Daniel Travis " 
Rich. Bennet " 
Capt. Sam. Scarlet " 
John Anderson sen r . " 
Joseph Cooke " 
Obadiah Swift Dorch 
John Bird " 
Eliaz r IIawcs " 
Joseph Weekes " 
Samuel Topliffe " 
Jn° Wthrington " 



Mr. Thomas Graves Ch. 

Mr. Joseph Browne 

Mr. Sam. Brakenbury Ch. 
Humphry Bradshaw Camb. 
Sainuell Oldam " 

Nath. Robbinson (718) " 
W m Davis Rox. 

James Day Ips. 

]\Ir. Joseph Gerrish New. 
Jn° Bailey Wey. 

ffrancis Browne " 

Elisha Elzie Newb. 

James Bayly " 

Dani. Che"ny " 

Joshua Browne " 

Sam. Poore " 

Moses Pilsbury " 

Benja. Morse u 

Sam. Bartlet " 

Hen. Ingalls And. 

Jn°. Lovejoy " 

John Barker " 

John Baker Drch. 

Ellis Wood " 

Edw. West " 

Fos. Heyward Cone. 

Nathan. Billings " 

Abra. Bryant Red. 

Mr. Gershom Hobbart 

Hing. 

James Bate " 

Clement Bate u 

Mr. Zecha. Whitman Hull 
Benj. Bos worth u 

Tho. Lorinoj u 

Jn°. Lorinn " 

Jn°. Lobdell tl 

Isack Lobdell " 

Benj. Loring " 

Sampson Shoare 
Abra. Jones " 

Jn° Cumins Tops. 

Isa. Cumins 
Isack Easty 

Jn° Row Glo. 

Nathan. Joseljn Lane. 

Sam. Belden Hatf. 

Dani. Warner i; 

Wm. Gull " 

Chileab Smith Hadl. 

Jos. Warner 

Jn° Tucker Ports. 

Nicho. A\ r oodbery Bex* 
Peter Noyce Sudb. 

John Goodenow 
Tho. Barnes Marlb. 

James Vales Medf. 

Mr. CharlsNichoIate (719) 

Salem 
C.R., Vol. IV. pp. 718. 719. 






-1!).] 



/. ! • /•' ru n. 






15 Oct 16' 

Nathaniel Peircc B. 1 Ch. 
JMathew Atkina B. 2* Ch. 
Boaz Browne I 

[Ephraim ( !lai ko M< df. 
j\Vin. Coleman I 

Stephen I M 

DanelLovet 
kbra. Staple 
1 h Steevens u 

Samuel Rend " 

Tyler 
C. i: Vol ll'.j>. I 

20 I ).•<•. 16; 

John Lovejoy 
[ohn Barker 
Henrv Ingalls 

I l; Vol /J', p. 

9 .January L67 

fn° \<>\ es New. 

: 'utlinj \m\ i 
John Lunt 
;\bra. AiMam-; 



Tops. 

I 
Rox. 



in Badger 



U 

.. 

(I 



Ji jili (Jerrish 
Nathaniel Brewer 
Mr. W Addams 1 >•■ I 

5am. Capen I torch*. 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 737. 

11 March L673-4. 

l\-n Townsend B. 

Mr. .John Ionisers [ps. 

Mr. Samuel Cobbet 

,t\ob\ Kinsman 

Thomas Clarke u 

DaniellHovey 

Abraham Hilt " 

Joseph ( rood hue 

;ih Whiple 
Philemon Dane 
Tho. ffisher Dcd. 

Joseph Pratt Wevm. 

Tho. Andrew Hing. 

Nath. Cutler Ch, 

James Bacon Roxb. 

roaias Richardson 

Chelmsfa 
Eliazer Browne 
Jacob Warren 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 738. 

27 May 1G74. 

Mr. Daniel Kpps Ipa. 
Tho. Jacob " 

Tho. Metcalf M 

Vico. Wallis " 

Nathaniel Addams u 



[{am] 
We> m 
Med. 






Nathan: 1 [pi 

Tho. French 

Jn Lun ■ 

.Jn" Pebody 

• I h farnum 

Jn*. Rugl 

Elnaihan ( !hancy [Camb*.] 

Ruben Luxford 

Andrew Boardman 

Jn*. J 

Daniel Markham 

•Jn v B Cone. 

Jacob french Hil! r . 

Win Seavir I ' 

( )badiah M . 

Tho. llar\ ie 

An tho. Ellii 
Richard Sampson 
Abell Poster 
( !aleb Pumbrey N 
Ebenezer White 
Edw. Addams 
Joseph \\ right 

hom flag 
Samuel Walker 
James Thompson 
rsrael Walker 
Jn" Snow 

c. r . Vol v.p. i. 

: Oct 1674. 

Samuel Don Ch 

Tho, Bligh 
Rich. Sharpe 

Tho. Smith 

W [n iam 

Dudley Bradstn 

' a /:.. Vol v.p. 15. 

22 .July 1674. 

At a ( 'ourt at Pemaquid the 
following named persona 
took the oath of fidelity. 

Thomas Humphreys 
Robert ( S-amon 
IWilljani Waters 
John Dolling 
I Thomas ( !ox 
Rob 1 Edmunds 
Ambrose llanwell 
John Wriford 
Eljas Trick 
John Pride 
George Bickford 
Reynald Kelley 
Jn* Cole 

Cap*. Edmnd Pattestall 
Mr. Ichabod Wisewall 
Mr. Richard Olliver 
I Wm. Bueklbrd 



Edward Barton 
Rich - . II.il 

I Jtnry ( Urti- 

francia Bron 
Rich 4 . Warren 
I f<-ni v Stoak 
Wm. Denlo 

l-lu . I I 

Jn 1 1 I 

1 Burnet 

\i<h ( me 

i , ker 
I ).i\ id < Mliver 

nuel Which 
Jn* Cock 
Tho i 

I I! man 

Jn Parker 
Nic( o. I 
El 

O 

EdwaT I < 

Tho. Parnell 
Aaron Beard 

CITY 

- 

A bra. Clarke 
Tho. I n. 

i I nry Curtis jun. 
Irick ( 

I I I 

Richard Pearce jun. 
K<>' I .iy 

Rii hard I *. r : i « 1 • 

R hard Buck n ell 
Win. Edwards 
Tho. ( "\ 

Win. 

Wm. Welcome 

Jn*. Bessell 

I lliiH 
Richard ( rl: 
Tha Phillips 
Henry Palmer 
Jn* Palmer jun. 
Phillip Bit 
Wm. Phillips 
Jn*. Stover 
Jn*. Palmer sen r . 
Robrt Edmnds 
James Widger 
Tho. Harls 
Jn" Gingden 
Nieo. Vallack 
Jn° Selman 
Wm. Trout 
Xieo. Heale 
Georg Bucknell 
Wm. Cox 



244 



List of Freemen. 



[July, 



Tho. Cox 




a r, vol 


v.p.n. 


12 May 167 


5. 


John Valentine 


Bost. 


Joseph Webb 


« 


Elisha Audljn 


« 


Sam. Ware 


« 


Jn°th n Bridgham 


« 


Peircy Clarke 


« 


John Davis 


u 


Joshua Gee 


U 


Benja. Dyer 


it 


Edw. Thwing 




Sam. Gardiner 


Salem 


Samuel Warner 


Ips. 


Tho. Weld 


u 


Tho. Gittings 


u 


Symon Chapman 


a 


Nath. Warner 


a 


James Bracket 


Bev 


Andrew Boardman Camb. 


Ruben Luxford 


it 


Dani. Markeham 


a 


John Jackson 


u 


Ebenez r Wiswall 


a 


C. R., Vol. 


V. p. 25. 



21 Feb. 1675-6. 



3 d Bost. 



Camb. 

Sal is. 

Ips. 



Jn° Tucker 
Jn° Noyes 
Natha. Willjams 
Dani. Gookin jun. 
Jn° Pike 
Hen. Trow 
Jn°. Jewet 
Rob' Pierpoint 
Jn° Atwood 
Joseph Knight 
Georg Abbot 
Xtopher Osgood 
Tho. Osgood 
Jacob french 
Tho. Russell 
Jn° Clifford 
Joseph Barret 

[illegible] Amistreale 

Tho. Dyer Weym 

C. R., Vol V. p. 70. 

3 May 1676. 

Mr. Sam. Alcock 
Mr. Dani. Russell 
Zech. Johnson 
Isaack ffowle 
Zech. fferris 
John Goodwin 
Timo. Baker 
Joseph Person 
Jn° Bridgman 



Judah Wright Northam. 
Sam. Smith " 

Mr. Jn°Younglove Hadly 
Samuel Wentworth Dov. 
C. R., Vol V.p.13. 

11 Oct. 1676. 

Richard Hall Bradf. 

Dani. Hazeltine " 

Jn° Hardy " 

Jn° Hubbard Ips. 

Jn° Jewet 
Benja. Emons 
Sam. Davis 
Nehemia Allin 
Jn° Knight 
Jn° Dowse 

C. R., Vol V.p.112 

23 May 1677. 

Mr. Jn° Price 
Jn° Higinson jun. 
Jn° Hauthorne 
Manasses Marston 
Henry Kirrey 
Mr. Sam. Nowel Charls. 
Jn° Phillips " 

Xtopher Goodin " 

James Millar " 

Jn° Blany " 

W'm. Gibson Boston 1 Ch. 



Bo. 3 d Ch. 

Northam. 

u 

Charls, 



Salem 

u 
a 
U 

a 



Eljaz r Addam3 


Meadf. 


Jn°th Morse 


u 


Jos. Bullin 


a 


Jn° Walker 


Wooburn 


Jn° Carter 


u 


Jn° Brarboun 


a 


franc, fletcher 


Concord 


Timo. Wheeler 


a 


Jn° Merriam 


a 


Sam. Jones 


a 


Sam. Lampson 


Redding 


Jn° Eaton 


a 


Henry Merrow 


(( 


Sebred Taylor 


It 


C. R., Vol. 


V. p. 126. 


10 Oct. 1677. 


John Clarke 


B.3 C. 



Bost. 2 d 
Woo 
And. 



Bille. 

Charles. 

Hamp. 

Chelms. 



Boston 

Charl. 
« 

u 

a 

a 

Northam. 
a 

a 



Nathani Barnes 
Edw d Ashley 
Jn° Cad well 
Jn° Wales 
James Blake 
Joseph Roads 
Jn° White 
Jabez ffox 
Jn° Rogers 
Jn° Bayly 
Nathani. Gay 
Tho. Aldridge 
Nath. Kingsbery 
Jn° Weare 
Wm. Avery 
Jn° Hollioke 
S im. Stoddar 
Andrew Lane 
Jn° Tucker 
Rich 3 Dumer jun. 
Hen. Short 
Steph. Greenleaf 
Jacob Toppan 
Rich. Bartlet jun. 
Tho. Pearly 
Wm. fibster 
Nath. Barker 
Obadiah Morse 
Edw d Addams 



u 

Ips. 

Dorch. 

u 

Lin. 

Rox. 

Camb. 

Wey. 

a 

Dedh. 

a 
« 

u 
a 

Spr. 

Hingh. 
a 

a 

Newb. 
« 

u 

a 

u 

u 

Rowley 

a 

Meadf. 

u 



Dor. 

u 
(( 

Camb. 

a 

Rox. 

Woob. 
Cone. 
Row. 
And. 

Hing. 

a 

(I 

u 



Gilbert Cole 
Robert Butcher 
Nathaniel Patten 
Jn° Wales sen r . 
Sam. Hix 

Henry W T ithengton 
Amos Woodward 
Dani. Champney 
John Wells 
Tho. Pierce 
Jn° Smeadley 
Joseph Boynton 
Alexand r Sessions 
Benja. Lincolne 
John Chubbuck 
John fering 
Tho. Gill jun. 

C. R., Vol V.p. 146 

8 May 1678. 

Joseph Bridgham 

1 Ch. Bost 
Joshua Windsor 
Jonas Clarke 
Hen. Dauson 
Wm Way 
Jn° Barnard 
Tho. Bark r 
Jn° Goff'e 
Wm. Sumer 
Mr. Peter Thatcher 
Mr. Sam. Seawall 
Mr. Elnath. Chancey Camb 
Timo. Lyndall 
Isack Afoot 
Roger Hill 
Wm. Barker 
Edw. Read 
Benj. Parmiter 
Richard Riff 
Francis Girdler 
Jn° Mascoll 
Walter Cloys 



2Ch. 

a 
t; 

a 
a 
a 
« 

a 

3 Ch. 

a 



Salem 

a 
a 
a 
a 
a 
a 
a 
a 
« 



1849.] 



List of Freemen. 



245 



• I eph fairbank 
Tbo. ffisher 
Sam. Guile 
Benj. Miles 
Joseph Wight 
Josia ffisher 
fcob't VVeare 
Jonath. (freeman 
Jn°. Clifford 
Wm. ffuller 
Jn° Parker 
Joseph Li rids 
I )am. Thirston 
Sam. Baker 
Joseph Benson 
Samuel Prince 
Jn°th. Viekree 
Tho. Toleman 
Jn". Toleman 
Nath. Glover 
.James ffoster 
Incre. Sumer 
Hope Clap 
Jn" Baker 
Win. Rvall 
Josia ( lhapen 
Jos. Pen i man 
Sam. Penniman 
Jos. Parmiter 
Steph. Payne jun. 
Jn° Lazell 
Sam. Thaxter 
Tho. Marsh 
Jos. Walker 
Tho. Patten 
Sam. ffros! 
Obadia Perry 
Mr. Edw. Taylor 
Jn° Maudsley 
\ ickry Sike 
Isa. Cakebread 
Luke Hitchcoke 
Jn° Richardson 
Tho. Bankroft 
Jn° Town semi 
Rich. Phillips 
Sam. Humphry 
Joseph Dyar 
Ed mo. G rover 
Nehem. Grove r 
Isa. Woodbery 
Hump. Woodbery 
Rob'. Bradbuth 
Ric. Patch 
Jn° Blatt 
Jn° Rich*. 
Jn° Patch 
Tho. Holman 
Ephr. Tucker 
Manas>e9 Tucker 
Timo. Nash 



Pod 



Tr- 



amp. 
m 

u 

ii 

Mauld. 
ii 

Meadf 
Hull 



Dorch 

d 

a 



Charls. !''.""" father 



Brant 



Hing. 



ii 
Biiler. 



ii 

Westf. 
ii 

Spr. 

II 
ll 

Woob 

Red 
ii 

Weym, 



Bc^ 



ii 

<( 
ii 

a 

Milton 
ii 

M 

Hadl. 



Tho. Hale HadJ.lJn' Thing 

Jn" Russell " Jacob Hurd 

C. II, Vol V.p. 175. Tho. Chard 
2 Oct 1678. •' I otton 

Mr. [sack fibster 
Jn° Pengjllev 
Enock Hubbard 

Sam. Man 

Jn' Brewer 
Jonas Prescot 
Tho. Reade jun. 
Win. Addams 
• i i I'll ill eeman 
Sam" Carter 

Jn" Kendall 

Jos. Winge 
John Lynda 
Jn Greenland 



Wm. Coleman 
Hi £ iJabez Broune 
Ded J"°Held 

Sud, I: - B «» 



l c. 



* Ch. 

M 

(( 



Woob. 

.. 

M : 



Jonathan Tyns 

* 

Mi . d »e. HawJey North. 

Davjd Burt 

Win. Sn. 

Jn*. Woodward u 

Jonathan Hunt 

Joshua Pom. 

: /' h;iry 

•' eph Dodf Bev*. 

C. R.. Vol V.p. 202. * ,! ' l;,1,h 

Paul '1'liormliek u 



15 Oct. 1679. 

Mr. John Browne Red 

Benja. flitch 

Hananiah Parker M 

Xath. Gooding 

Peter Tuffes Maid. 

francis Jones 

Mathew Cushin jun. I [ing. 

Jn* Smith jun. 

Dani. Cushin 
Josia Level 
Joseph W in ,r 
Joseph Lyon 
Jn" Dole 
Sam. Butterick 
Jn" Prescot 
Ephraim Winship 
Jn° Marrion 

C. A'., Vol V. p. 232. 

4 Feb. 16 79-80. 



Rich*. Norman Marbleh' 

.! | 

Nathan. Walt OH M 

Rich* Mounteque 

Mr. Tho. Shephard Charls. 

Mr. Neh. IIul. lard 

Camb. Vill f . 
Khenr// Wiswall " 
Sam. Bobbins m « 
•' Gardiner Wob. 

J ( hadwick 
Mr. Wigleswortb 
I ' etiah Smith 



Maid. 



('•me. 

Camb. 



11 Ordered, that the Hon 11 ' 
Georg Russell Ks<j., now 
resident with us in Bos- 
ton, bo admitted to the 
freedom of this corpora- 
tion, it'hc please to accept 
thereof." Marg. note. 
" lie accepted ' it, and 
took his oath 13 ffeb, 79, 
before the Governor and 
Assistants.'' 

C. R. Vol V.p. 259. 

19 May 1680. 

Mr. Jn° Bowles Rox. 

Mr. Edw. Pason " 

Jn°. Grafton Salem 

Resolved AVhite " 

Benja. Thwing 1 C. Bost. 

Jerr. Dumer " 



u 

i. 
\\ 

N ew< 1 ho. I utnam jun. 

-ible.J 
Wm. St 

/ache Marsh 
s_\ mon Booth 
Israel How 
Benj. Leeds 
John Pason 
Symon Willard 
Joseph Pitty 
Xath Humphry 
Abra. Whitman 
Wm. Pratt 
Mr. Edw. Taylor 
David Ashley 
Jeddedia Dewy 
Sam. Roote 
Joseph Pomry 
Nath. Melby 
Jn°. Hanchet 
Benj. Bosworth 
Abr. Jones 
Rob' Gold 
Jonathan Nile 
Nathan i. Bosworth 
Sam. Prince 
Zach. Hund 
Jose. Bosworth 



Jps. 
u 

K 

Wey. 

ii 

West. 

(i 

M 
M 

a 

Hull 
ii 

« 

K 
il 



216 



List of Freemen. 



[July, 



Iseck Vickrey Hull 

Steven Lincoln Hingh. 

Mr. Jer. Shep'd Lynn 

Tho. Lay ton " 

Ralph King " 

Rob 1 , ffuller " 

Jn° felton " 

Jos. Phippen " 
Mr. Dani 1 . D [blotted] _ 

Japhet Chapin Spring. 
Sam. Ely 

Tho. Sheldcn Biller. 

C. R., Vol V.p. 260. 

13 Oct. 1680. 

Mr. Tho. Cheever 

1 C. Bost. 
Nieho. Willis " 

Mr. Deodat Lawson 3 C. 
Sam. Ballard Cha. 

Mr. Edw. Pason Rox. 

Danie. Kellum jun. Wenh. 
John Knolton " 

Sam. Knolton " 

Tho. Bayly * 

Sam. Abby " 

Sam. ffiske " 

Tho. Prentice sen'. 

Camb. Vill. 
Tho. Prenticejun. " 
Tho. Parke sen r . " 
Jn° ifuller jun. " 

Jn°than ffuller " 

Joshua ffuller " 

Joseph ffuller tl 

James Hawkes Hingh. 
Jos. Jacob " 

Enos. Kinsly N. Hamp. 
Peter Bracket Biller. 

C. R., Vol V. p. 285. 

11 May l(58i. 

Tho. Eaton Ded. 

Natha. Chickering " 

Robe r t Weare " 

David Hubbart Hing. 

Jerr. Beale " 

Tho. Hovey Hadl. 

Sam. Lancton N. Hamp. 

Nath. Phelph " 

Benja. Gerrish Salem 

Ezekiel Cheevers " 

John Leech " 

Ephrnjm Col ton Spr. 
Tho. Colton 

Joseph Stebbing " 

Joseph Trumble " 

Geor«: Norton " 



Sam. Kent Glou. 

Jn°Burbank [?] 

Wm. Starlinge " 

Sam. Peirson " 

Nath. Jewett Cone. 

Allen Bread sen T . Lyn 

Joseph Reads " 

Josiah Reads M 

Ephrajm Winship Camb. 

Abraham Tilton Ips. 

Isa. Esty Tops. 

Tho. Norman " 
C. R., Vol V. p. 306. 

12 Oct. 1681. 

Mr. Jn° Olliver 2 Ch. Bost. 

Tho. Chard " 

James Barnes " 

Hen. Bartholmew 1 Ch. B. 

Obadiah Sajle " 

Jn° Russells Camb. 

Jn° sen r . " 

Tho. Con Ips 

Sam. Ino-olls " 

Wm. Goodhue jun. " 

Jn° Pierson jun. Row. 

Jn° Sanyde (320) " 

John Whitman Wey. 
Nicholas Whilraarsh " 

Steven ffrench " 

Jn° Bavly " 
Tho. Bayly 

Rich d . Gurney " 

James Smith " 

Nathan Smith tl 

Samuel Holbrooke M 

Wm. Richards jun. " 

Joseph Richards H 

Jn° Richards " 

Tho. Kingman " 

Samuel King " 

Wm. Read " 

Abijah Whitman " 
Tho. White 

Joseph Dyer " 

Jn° Shaw jun. " 

Joseph Pitty " 
Tho. Noble Wenh. 

Eliaz 1 Weller " 

Sam. Ball Spr. 

Tho. Spencer Suff d - 
Tho. Stuksley (321) » 
C. R., Vol V.pp. 320, 321. 

24 May 1682. 

Jn° fibster Salem 

Antho. Buxton " 

Peter Prescot " 

Mr. Jno. Apleton Ips. 

[To be continued.] 



Jn° Dane Ips. 

Jn° Wardner u 

Dani. Warner " 

Tho. Boreman " 

Joseph ffellows " 

Tho. Tredwell " 

Nath. Tredwell u 

Jos. far Lyn 

Jn° ffarrington " 

Humph. Barrat Cone. 

Sam. Haur " 

Roger Chandler " 

Sam. Stone " 

Sam. Kemball Wenh. 
Jn° Gilbert 

Charl Got " 

Jn° Harding Meadfei. 
Jn° Warfeild 
Benj. Clark 

Jn° fisher " 

Sam. Rockwood " 
Nath. Allin 

Jn° Bates Chelms. 

Abra. Byam " 
Nath. Butterfeild 

Abr. Parker " 

Isack Morrell Chs. 

Jn°than Caree " 
Sam. Bartlet N. Hamp. 
Jn° Pi nor Northfeild 
C. R., Vol V. p. 348. 

11 Oct. 1682. 

Mr. Sam. Gardiner jun. 

Salem. 
Mr. Jn° Apleton 
Jn° Dane 
Daniel Warner 
Tho. Boreman 
Joseph ffellows 
Tho. Tredwell 
Nath. Tredwell 
Mr. Tho. Wade 
Joseph Gid dings 
Joseph Safford 
Wm Butler 
Jn° Harding 
Jn° Warfeild 
Benja. Clarke 
Jn° ffisher 
Samuel Rockwood 
Joseph Allin 
Jn° fflegg 
Abra. Guile 
Nath. Marcham 
Wm. Band 
Sam. Jeningson 
Jn° farwell 
Tho. Browne jun. 



Ip?. 



]Meadf. 



Waters 



Cone. 



1840.] 



Records of Bob f 



247 



RECORDS OF BOSTO 

[Copied for the Antiquarian Journal by Mtt. D.wiii 1'; I tbei of the N. V.- II 

[Braiwtree.— Conti • 127.] 

Belin Mekins was drowned 3 # (10°) 1638. Mekins. 

( Miver Mellow dyed Mi 

Sarah the wife of John Merchand dyed 8° (10°)ll Merchand. 

Joshua the sonne of Thomas Metson was bon Met 

1640. 

Bridget More wife to John Moore dyed 1643. M 

Martha the daught' of Henry Neale waa borne 16° (11°) 
1642. 

Marythe daughter of ffrancis Newcom was borne 81" (l | 2VS 
1640. 

Sarai the daught' of ffrancis Newcomb waa borne 2 
1643. 

Matthew the sonne of John Osborne dyed (3°) 1641. Osborne, 

Moaes Paine dyed 21° ( 1 ) L643. Paine. 

nil the aonne of James Penniman was borne 1° I Penniman. 

1639. 

Sarai the daught* of James Penniman was borne 16° (3°) 
1641. 

Mary the daught 1 of John Perrin was borne 22 ' ( 1 2°) 1 6 LO. R rrin. 

George Pocher dyed 29° (7°) L639. her. 

John the sonne of John Reade was borne 29° (6 | 1640. ide. 

Thomasthe sonne of John Reade was borne 2 I 1641. 

Symon Rey dyed 30° (7°) L641. Rey 

Agnes the wife of Richard Rocket! dyed 9° (■>' ) 1643. /.' )cket. 

John the sonne of Richard Rocket & Agnes his wife ' 
borne 1° (10°) L641. 

Ruth the daughter of David Rogers was borne -"V 1 (11°) Rogers* 

1640. 

David Rogers dyed 24° (7°) 1642. 

Geofj: the sonne of George Ruggle borne 5° (3°) 1640. and Ruggle. 

dyed (5°) 1641. 

Rachell the daught* of Georg Ruggle was borne 15° (12°) 
1642. 

John the sonne of William Savell was borne 22° (2°) 1 6 1 2. Savell. 

John the sonne of Benjamin Scott was borne 20° (10°) Scott. 

1640. 

Thomas Sellein dyed 3° (10°) 1642. Sellein. 

Mary Sergeant servant to Thomas Metson dyed (8°) 1641. Sergeant. 

John the sonne of Robert Sharpe was borne 12° (1°) 1642. Skarpe. 

Samuel the sonne of John Shepheard dyed 29° (6°) 1641. Shepheard. 

Benjamin the sonne of Edward Spalden Spalden. 

his wife was borne 7° (2°) 1643. 

Grace the daught 1 " of Edward Spalden 

his wife was buryed (3°) 1641. 

Margaret the wife of Edward Spalden dyed 1 640. 

Sarah the daught' of Robert Steevens was borne 31° (3°) Steevens. 

1641. 



248 



Records of Boston. 



[July, 



John the sonne of Thomas Stowe & Mary his wife was Stow. 

borne the 3° (12°) 1640. 

Mary the daughter of Thomas Stow & Mary his wife was 
borne 6° (12°) 1642. 

Joan Symons the daught* of Thomas Symons was borne Symons. 

8° (9°) 1638. 

Abigail Symons the daught r of Tho : Symons was borne 
the 8° (9°) 1640, & dyed 30° (3°) 1642. 

Thomas Symons dyed 15° (4°) 1642. 

Anne the daught 1 " of John Symons dyed (4°) 1640. Symons. 

Joseph the sonne of W m Thomson & Abigail his wife was Thomson. 
borne 1° (3°) 1640. 

Benjamin the sonne of W m Thomson & Abigail his wife 
was boVne 14° (5°) 1642. 

Abigail the wife of m r William Thomson dyed (11°) 1642. 

Dorcas the daught' of Daniell Weld was borne 6° (2°) Weld. 

1643, &dyed 15° (4°) 1643. 

Isaac the sonne of Jacob Wilson was borne 28° (11°) 1640. Wilson. 

Sarai the daught r of Jacob Wilson was borne 28° (11°) 
1641. 

Elisabeth the daught 1 of Alexander Winchester was borne Winchester. 
the 28° (1°) 1640. 

Hannah the dauiiht r of Alexand r Windiest 1 " was borne 10° 
(10°) 1642. 

James the sonne of James Wiseman was borne 8° (8°) Wiseman. 
1640. 

Mercie the daught r of James Wiseman was borne 28° (1°) 
1643. 

A register of Births & Burialls in Cambridge from the yeare 1632 vntill 
the first Month 1644. 



Mary the wife of William Andrews dyed 19° (11°) 1639. 

Mary the daught 1 of Joseph Baster & Mary his wife was 
borne the 13° (3°) 1643. 

Jemimah the daught' of Andrew Belchar & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne the 5° (2°) 1642. 

William Bittlestone dyed 5° (8). 

Thomas Bittlestone dyed 23° (9°) 1640. 

Susan Blogget the daughter of Thomas Blogget & Susan 
his wife was borne (4°) 1637. 

Joseph the sonne of Robt Bradish & Mary his wife was 
borne (3°) 1638. 

Mary the wife of Robt Bradish dyed (7°) 1638. 

Samuel the sonne of Robt Bradish & Vashti his wife was 
borne 13° (12°) 1639 and dyed 6° (5°) 1642. • 

John the sonne of John Brewer & Anne his wife was 
borne the 10° (8°) 1642. 

Samuel the sonne of Roger Burt & Susan his wife was 
borne 6° (12°) 1642. 

Thomas Blogget dyed 7° (6°) 1639. 

Jonathan the sonne of Christopher & Margaret Caine 
borne 27° (1°) 1640. 

[To be continued.] 



Andrews. 
Baster. 



Belchar. 

Bittlestone. 

Bittlestone. 

Blogget. 

Bradish. 



Brewer 
Burt 



Blogget 
Caine 



1849.] Memoir of Charles Frost. 249 



MEMOIR OF CHARLES FROST. 

[By Usher Parsons, M. 1)., of Providence, I!. I.. Member of the N. England Historic 

Genealogical Society. ] 

[Mr. Editor: The last two numbers of your journal contained copies 
of ancient manuscripts relating to Richard Waldron, Charles Frost, and 
others, who were among the first settlers about the Pascataqua. These I 
have thought might serve to render a brief .-ketch of the life of Major Frost 
interesting to your readers.] 

Charles Frost was born in Tiverton, England, in 1632. lie accom- 
panied his father to the Pascataqua river at the age of three or four years. 

His lather, Nicholas Frost, was also a native of Tiverton, and resided 
"near Lemon Green, over against Bear- Garden." He had one sister, who 

"married Charles Brooks, a brazier in Crown Alley, London." He was 
born about the year L595, and arrived at Pascataqua about 1635 or l('..'ii^ 
and settled at the head Of Sturgeon ( 'reek, on the south side of Frost's 1 [ill, 
where he died, duly 20, 1663, and was buried in the rear of his house. He 
brought over a wife and two or three children. The wile is not mentioned 
in his will, dated 1650, from which it is to be inferred that she died before 
that time. This will was examined in court of probate, and, from some 
cause now unknown, was deemed " invalid and of none effect." The court 
ordered that his estate be divided among his children equally, excepting that 
Charles, the oldest, should have a double -bare, "for his care and former 
trouble." This amounted to £211. Charles took the homestead, with five 
hundred acres of land. To his second son, John, he gave three hundred 
acres in York, with a marsh valued at £65, the rest in money. To William 
Leighton, for his wife Catherine, personal property. To Elizabeth, when 
she should arrive of age. personal estate. To Nicholas, a house and lot 
adjoining Leighton's, and personal property; he being a minor, was plan d 
under tin 1 guardianship of his brother Charles. 

Catherine Leighton had a son and a daughter named John and Eliza- 
beth. The latter died young. The son married Oner Langdon, and was 
the ancestor of a numerous race, among whom were a grandson, Major 
Samuel Leighton of Elliot, and his son. General Samuel Leighton, who 
died in Alfred, Sept , 18 18. Catherine married again, to Joseph Hammond, 
who was Register and Judge of Probate, and had children by him. She 
died Aug. 1, 1715. 

John settled in York and afterwards at the Isles of Shoals, wdiere he 
carried on fisheries. He died 1718, at Star Island, leaving a widow named 
Sarah, and a son Samuel, who inherited the York estate, and two others, 
named Samuel and Ithamer, and one daughter, who married William Fox, 
and three grandsons, the sons of John, the eldest of whom was named John. 

Elizabeth married William Smith. 

Nicholas followed the sea. was bound an apprentice as sailor to Thomas 
Orchard. He commanded a ship that sailed between Maryland and Ire- 
land. He died at Limerick, Ireland, August, 1G73, unmarried, and left his 
estate to the children of his brother Charles and sister Catherine. Ham- 
mond claimed of Leighton's children a share of their uncle's legacy for his 
own children, and, after a lawsuit, obtained it. 

| ' Mr Nicholas Frost was an uneducated farmer. His signature to papers 
was with a mark. He was, however, esteemed a^trust worthy, judicious 

16 



250 Memoir of Charles Frost. [J u ty> 

citizen, as appears from the fact of his appointment to responsible offices, as 
constable and selectman. 

Charles Frost, who succeeded to the homestead of his father Nich- 
olas, at the head of^ Sturgeon Creek, became a distinguished man, both in 
civil and military life. In narrating the events of his life, it will be neces- 
sary to connect them with a brief sketch of the political history of Pascata- 
qua, comprising the present towns of Kittery, Elliot, and South Berwick. 
They were designated by the first settlers by local names, as Kittery Point, 
Spruice Creek, now Kittery, Sturgeon Creek, in Elliot, Newichewannick, 
extending from the mouth of the river at South Berwick to the mills at 
Great Works, so called, Quampegan, still known as such, and Salmon Falls. 
These names were applied to the villages or settlements near them, and 
were all included under the plantation of Pascataqua. In 1647 it was in- 
corporated under the name of Kittery, after a town of that name in Eng- 
land, where several of the emigrants formerly resided. Berwick was sep- 
arately incorporated in 1723, being for some time previous designated as 
Union Parish. Elliot was separated from Kittery in 1810, and South Ber- 
wick from Berwick in 1824. In 163G the number of inhabitants in all these 
towns was two hundred, the population of Maine being one thousand four 
hundred. The grand highway of the inhabitants of Pascataqua was on the 
river, to Portsmouth, Dover, and Exeter. 

The first settlement of Pascataqua followed soon after that of Plymouth. 
In 1622 the Council of Plymouth (England) granted to John Mason and 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges "all the lands situated between the rivers Merrimac 
and Kennebec," by the name of "the Province of Laconia." These two 
gentlemen, with some associates, constituting the company of Laconia, 
erected salt works at Little Harbor, near Portsmouth, and carried on fish 
ing and furtrading with the Indians. In 1624 Ambrose Gibbons built i 
mill at Newichewannick, (South Berwick,) which was soon after managed 
by Humphrey Chadborne. The company appointed Walter Neal their 
agent, who served till 1634, when he was succeeded by Francis Williams. 
Failing of anticipated success, most of the company of Laconia became dis- 
couraged, and sold out to Gorges and Mason, who, in 1634, divided their 
lands, Mason taking New Hampshire, and Gorges taking all eastward of 
the Pascataqua to Kennebeck, which he called Neiu Somersetshire. 

Settlements w T ere made on the eastern shore of the river, at Kittery Point, 
Spruce Creek, Sturgeon Creek, and Newichewannick. Gorges sold to 
Mason a strip of land along the whole length of the river, three miles wide, 
including the mills at South Berwick, but Mason soon died, and this revert- 
ed back to Gorges, and was reannexed to Somersetshire. William Gorges, 
nephew of Sir Ferdinando, was appointed governor, and served two years. 
The courts were at this time held at Saco, which was settled earlier. 

The agent of Pascataqua, Williams, was directed to encourage emigra- 
tion from England; and, between 1634 and 1640, a large number of per- 
sons arrived, among whom were Nicholas Frost and family. It is not 
known precisely what year he arrived, but, from the fact that he was ap- 
pointed to an important office in 1640, it is probable he came much earlier, 
perhaps 1635 or 1636. The settlers were allowed to take up as much land 
as they could fence, by paying two shillings and two and a half per acre, for 
one hundred years. Nicholas Frost took four hundred acres. 

In 1639 Sir Ferdinando Gorges obtained a new charter under the name 
of the Province or County of Maine. Another nephew of his, Thomas 
Gorges, was appointed deputy governor, with six councillors. The courts 
were held at Saco and York. la June, 1640, the governor and council 



1840.] Memoir of Charles Frost. 251 

held a court at Saco, where, among other officers appoinl Nicholas 

Frost, as constable of Pascataqua. Sir Ferdinando caused Agamenticus 
(old York) to be creeled into a borough, and soon after into :i city, called 
Georgeana, with mayor and aldermen. Being involved in the civil wan 
now raging in England, and connected with the prostrated party, he was 
imprisoned during bis few remaining days, and his nephew, Governor 
Thomas G< becoming discontented ned his office al the end of 

three year.-, when his commission expired, and returni d borne to England, 
leaving .Maine vvithoul a successor. The council appointed one of their 
Dumber, a Mr. Vines, as deputy governor, in L644. 

A claim had recently been sel up to the eastern pari of Maine, t 
Kennebunk river to Kennebeck, under what was called the Plough patent, 
by one. Rigby, of England, who appointed George Cleves as his deputy or 
agent. Cleves made interest with Massachusetts, and with the commission- 
ers of plantation- in England, who decided thai Rigby*fl title was undoubt- 
edly good, and this decision left Sir Ferdinando in possession of only the 
land between Kennebunk and Pascataqua rivers. Ii*', however, died soon 

after. 

The whole province of Maine was badly governed, and, after a time, the 
people became desirous of following the example of New Hampshire, whi 
inhabitants, a few years previous, (1642,) applied for and obtained annexa- 
tion to Massachusetts. This government was very willing to receive -Maine 
in like manner, and, "by a plausible construction of their own charter," 
claimed it as their property. The claimants under both Rigby and Gorg 
through their agents, Cleves and Godfrey, though previously opposed to 
each other, united now. in resisting the claim of Massachusetts, lint the 
inhabitants under Gorges were anxious for an , and it was soon ef- 

fected. In IG52 four commissioners were sent from Boston to Pascataqua, 
or Kittery, as it was now called, where a court was held during four da 
and, after much discussion ami altercation, they received the concession of 
forty-one persons, among whom were Nicholas Frost and his son, C 
Frost. 

The other towns west of Kennebunk river immediately followed tl 
example, and, in process of time, the towns eastward, in R 3 patent, 

submitted in like manner. In L65 ry sent a representative to the 

general court of Massachusetts, and, in 1658, Cliarles Frost, then "2i> years 
Of age, was chosen to the office, which he held five years. 

In L660 Ferdinando Gorges, grandson of the baronet, laid claim to the 
province as heir at law. King Charles II. sanctioned the claim, and. in 
1664, ordered it to he restored to him. Nichols, Carr, Cartwright, and Mav- 
erick were directed by the king to demand possession and to hold courts. A 
sharp altercation took place between them and the general court of Massa- 
chusetts, and they left for Maine without effecting a reconciliation. The king 
wrote a reprimand to the people of Massachusetts and Maine, and required 
them to restore the province to Gorges forthwith. Archdale, an appointed 
agent, made the demand of the Massachusetts government; but instead of 
complying, they ordered a comity court, consisting of Thomas Danforth and 
others as judges, to be held at York. Hut on arriving at Portsmouth, the 
court were forbid to enter Maine. They there fore returned to Boston, fol- 
lowed by the king's comissioners, who were so insolent and overbearing to 
the government as to prevent all further conference. They were soon after 
recalled or dismissed from office. 

The interrupted state of the courts caused by these contentions, left 
Maine without suitable legislation or courts of justice. In 1GG8 Massachu- 



252 Memoir of Charles Frost. [J u ty> 

setts sent four commissioners to hold a court in York, where they met the 
justices appointed by the king's commissioners ready to hold a court also. 
After much quarrelling those of Massachusetts prevailed, and a government 
and court were organized in due form. The following year, 1669, the 
province, after a suspension of three years, again sent representatives to the 
general court, among whom was Charles Frost of Kittery. 

The militia of Maine was now organized into six companies, one of which 
was commanded by Charles Frost. 

The Dutch war ensued, which engrossed the attention of the king, and 
thus gave Massachusetts a short respite from his interferences. But after 
a time the claim of Gorges's heirs was again renewed, and, to obviate all 
further trouble from them, it was deemed the wisest policy to buy them 
out. This was effected through the agency of John Usher, for the sum of 
£1200. This procedure displeased the king, who was at the time trying to 
negotiate for it with Gorges's heirs, intending it as a place for one of his 
ccurt favorites. He w'rote a reprimanding letter to the government; but 
the bargain was made and completed, and Gorges's claim for ever extin- 
guished. 

Although Massachusetts had by purchase become "the assignee and pro- 
prietor of Maine, yet it was contended that she must govern it according to 
the stipulations in Gorges's charter," and not as a constituent part of her 
own colony. Accordingly it was determined to restore the form of civil 
administration established by Gorges, subject, however, to the general over- 
sight and direction of her governor and assistants. They therefore appoint- 
ed, in 1680, a president (Thomas Danforth) and six assistants or council- 
lors, who were to act as judges of the courts. Among the six councillors 
thus appointed was Charles Frost. He was also appointed at the same 
time commander-in-chief of the Maine regiment. 

Edward Randolph, the bitter enemy of the colonies, was appointed by the 
crown as collector and surveyor. He acted as an emissary and secret in- 
former against Massachusetts, representing her government and people as 
enemies to the authorities in England, and presented grave accusations to 
the throne against her best men, which threatened to result in the upsetting 
of her charter. So imminent was the danger of this, that in order to avoid 
it, she would willingly have relinquished her title to Maine. At length, 
however, the fatal blow was struck. On the 4th of June, 1684, the charter 
was adjudged to be forfeited, and the liberties of the colonies were seized 
by the crown. Colonel Kirke, a brutal tyrant, was appointed governor, but 
Charles II. died the following February, 1685, which annulled the appoint- 
ment before his arrival, and his successor, James II., did not incline to 
renew it.* 

The general court was soon after annihilated by the arrival (May, 1686) 
of Joseph Dudley as President of New England, with the names of fifteen 
councillors, among whom was John Usher and the odious Randolph. In a 
few months Dudley was succeeded by Sir Edmond Andros, a man of des- 
potic temper. He was subsequently commissioned (1688) as President of 
New England and New York, and New Jersey. His council consisted of 
thirty-nine members, among whom were John Usher and Joseph Dudley. 
His government was arbitrary and despotic. The people chafed under it 
until they became desperate. In the spring of 1689 a rumor was spread 
among them that the governor's guards were to be let loose on Boston. 
This produced an explosion, and early in the morning of April 8, the popu- 

* Williamson. 



184i>. ] Memoir of Charles Frost. 253 

lace rose in a mass, seized the governor and thirty of hi- more obnoxious 
partizans, and confined them, some of them twenty weeks. Androe surren- 
dered the keys, but not without Borne reluctance. 

Ai Boon as Andros was deposed, a genera] convention was held al Bos- 
ton, which appointed a council of safety, consisting of Danforth, Bradstn 
and thirty-four others, [n about thirty days after this the joyful news ar- 
rived, not, however, unexpected, thai James bad abdicated, and thai Wil- 
liam and Mary had ascended the throne. The council recommended thai 
delegates be chosen by town-, and, accordingly, fifty-four towns were repre- 
sented nt Boston, May 22d, who voted u to resume the government accord- 
ing to charter rights," and they appointed Bradstree! governor, and Dan- 
forth lieutenant governor. 

Danforth had presided over Blaine as a province, assisted by Charles 
r >st, Francis Elooke, and others, for the term . years. But Maine, 

like Massachusetts, was involved in the overturning and arbitrary measures 
of Dudley and Andros, under whose administration courts were held at 
York by William S to ugh ton, John Usher, and others. The council of safe- 
ty now reinstated the former governor and council of Maine, namely, Dan- 
forth, Frost, [Iooke, and others They also appointed and u commissioned 
Charles Frost to command the western regiment, and Edward ryng the 
eastern regiment of Maim- " 

The province was soon after reannexed as a constituent part of Massa- 
chusetts, and remained so for m >re than a century. Charles Frost \ 
appointed in L693 one of the three councillors from .Maine, which office he 

held till his death, in 1697. 

It may Berve to illustrate the customs of early times in respect to drink- 
ing, to inserl an ordinance of the court in 1690, soon after Danforth was 
deposed, and to relieve the fatiguing detail of dates and events which we 
have now passed through, "duly 15, L690. In the court of sessions of the 
peace for the Province of Maine, held al fork before Major John Davis, 
Deputy president, Major Charles Frost, Captain Francis Elooke, and John 
Wincoln, Justices. Whereas, there is great complaint made of several 
abuses taken notice of in ordinaries, by excessive drinking of rum, flip, and 
other strong liquor, the ill consequences of which are -ecu In the misbe- 
havior of several persons in the presence of authority: for the preventing 
of the like in future it is therefore ordered, that if any ordinary or tavern 
keeper should sell any rum, flip, or other Btrong drink, to an inhabitant of 
the town, except in case of sickness or necessity, or more than one gill to a 
stranger, he should forfeit his licence."* 

The foregoing sketch of the political history of the western part of Maine 
during Major Frost's life, and of the services he rendered in various re- 
sponsible offices, exhibits (dearly the high estimation in which he was held 
by his fellow citizens and the government His military services remain 
to be noticed. Trained from childhood to agricultural employment- and to 
the still more invigorating toils of the hunter, and removed from the ener- 
vating influences of polished life, he acquired the stamina of body and mind 
which fitted him for the arduous and perilous duties of savage warfare. 
The howling of wolves around his father's cabin was his evening enter- 
tainment, and, from the neighboring Hill-top, his morning vision could sur- 
vey the curling smoke arising from numerous Indian villages on the tribu- 
tary streams of the Pascataqua. The savage yell and war whoop awakened 
no fearful throbbings in his youthful heart, but rather served to enkindle a 

* Collections of the Maine Historical Society. 



254 Memoir of Charles Frost. [Juty? 

zeal for daring and heroic achievements. He early evinced a fondness for 
military exercise- and parade, and being enrolled as a soldier at sixteen, he 
gradually rose, through successive grades, to be commander-in-chief of the 
militia of Maine. 

His early loudness for the use of firearms led him, at the age of fourteen, 
to an accidental deed which occasioned great sorrow to himself and others. 
He unintentionally killed a comrade, named Warwick Heard. lie submit- 
ted himself at once for trial by a jury, which took place at AVells, July 0, 
1G4G. The jury were ordered by the court to inquire whether the killing 
was from malice, or accidental, or a misadventure. They reported that 
"they find that Charles Frost did kill Warwick Heard by misadventure, 
and acquit him by proclamation." 

It was the practice of the militia of Maine to train in companies six times 
a year, and to have general musters once in two years. The county records 
contain the following account of a sentence passed upon a soldier in 1674 
by the court, which may interest the reader. "Richard Gibson complained 
of for his dangerous and mutinous conduct towards his commander Captain 
Charles Frost, which misbehaviour appearing in court, the court order as 
follows, 1. that the said, Gibson, for striking Captain Frost at the head of 
his company, is appointed to receive, by John Parker senior, twenty-five 
stripes on the bare .-kin, which were this day given him i : i presence of the 
court. And further, considering the insolence of the said Gibson's behav- 
iour in the premises, it is further ordered that Captain Frost shall have and 
i- empowered by warrant, to call before him the .-aid Richard Gibson, the 
next training day at Kittery, and whither he is to order him to be laid neck 
and heels together at the Ik ad of his company for the time of two hours, or 
to ride the wooden horse at the head of the company, which of these pun- 
ishments Captain Frost shall see meet to appoint; and, for the said Gib- 
son's multiplying of oaths, he is lined 2<) shillings; and, for being drunk is 
lined 10 shillings, and to pay all charges of court, and to stand committed 
until the. sentence be performed; and further, the said Gibson is required 
to give bonds for his good behaviour of £20. that the said Gibson shall be 
of good behaviour towards all persons, and more especially towards Captain 
Frost, until the next count)' court, and that the said Gibson shall appear at 
Kittery, when required by Captain Frost, there to perform the order of 
court, and further that he pay to the county treasurer 82 shillings. James 
Warren, as abettor, is sentenced to ride the wooden horse. 

Military discipline was practised among the settlers, in anticipation of a 
war on the seaboard, rather than against savages from the interior. Perfect 
peace had existed with these during the first forty years of the settlement, 
with the exception of a short conflict with the Pequods, in the year 1636, in 
which the people of Maine scarcely participated. But the time was arriving 
when a savage Avar was suddenly to break out in every part of New Eng- 
land. Its approach was foreseen and predicted by the Indian Sagamore 
Knowles, who resided at Quampegan, in South Berwick, and was Sachem or 
governor of the tribe that previously occupied the shores of the Pascataqua. 
"In 1670, when Knowles was bed rid of sickness and age, lie complained 
of the great neglect with which the English treated him. At length he 
sent a message to some ot the principal men of Kittery to visit him. 'Being 
loaded with years,' as he told them, 'I had expected a visit in my infirmi- 
ties, especially from those who are now tenants on the land of my fathers. 
Though all these plantations are of right my children's, I am forced, in this 

* York Countv Eecorrl* 






19.] M ■ Cha /" 



do 

of e\ ils, humbly to rcqu< land to arked out 

hem, and n corded as a pub in the ton n i I 

: may no( be perishing ]<■ 
tli. For 1 know thai a . eal w 
white men and Indians over the whole country. At first ti will 

kill many and prevail, but after I 
lv be I".,:. .1 mil and i 
Idron, ( upUiin ( 
t-ni and i. ard it." 

war of Kii 1 iiillip I- 
commission as 
I'M mi !• h id irnnn 
Uiot.) wl Salmon Falls and 

Id • first al Phillip 

- the Hn 

I 

commit 
upon il 
liani, in (i i )o\ er, killed 
tin \ he In. ii- , (South 

which c< hi i . 
: wo children, w 

i_ r the llpll 
i n>t il tili tli> • others 

Indians chopped the d i »r d n n, 

leti her re red. 'J 

sons, and li I 

rixuis, \> linv ilp-v li\ i 
i the I Oth 
itenanl I 

. 
next 
burial, was waylaid an li. 1 1 and hi 

killed, ami aim I 

•atclied messi risers to his 
land ( ,ii. tain Frost, iraplorin their 

came too late.* The In- 

dians r<»r a time, ami Captain frost bad at rtunity I 

unmolesti d. 

lint th< I er In i s an i dwellii 

they pro ■• i ded to Sturgeon Creek two mi 

house of Captain I rosl being a li' from n< _ - un- 

fortified, was marked "in by them for destruction. "He was a short d 

* The following letter 

; t ii p. -. n edition 

16. 1 ' I ! i md Lieut. ( 

inform yoa thai just now the Indi 

and bnrnl />'. nom H as, and the 

Country, nov men to - '' l0 be 

cannot fight, let 

than pray . x but II' J - : 

nctl by h - '"'• 

Broughttm." 

r the read be author abort 

cired, to Bv-lk:. v a Hampahire,'' and Williamson's M —Ed. 



256 Memoir of Charles Frost. [July? 

tance from it when attacked, and narrowly escaped the effect of ten shots 
aimed at him. There were only three boys with him in the house," (prob- 
ably his sons) "yet he had the forethought and prudence to give out audible 
words of command, as if a body of Indians was with him — load quick! fire 
there ! that's well ! brave men ! — a stratagem which saved themselves and 
the house."* 

The Indians proceeded down the shore of the Pascataqua, and thence 
eastward through York, burning houses and killing people wherever they 
found them unguarded, so that in the short period of three months, eighty 
lives were taken, a great many houses plundered and burnt, and animals 
killed. 

Frost wrote to his commander, Major Waldron, at Dover, for permission 
to garrison his house, which he was directed to do, and to keep a constant 
guard and w T atch. 

As the winter approached, the Indians found themselves destitute of am- 
munition and provisions and in danger of starvation. All the neighboring 
Sagamores, from Dover to Casco, sued for peace, which, being granted by 
Waldron, they were quiet for seven months, till August, 1G7G, in which 
month the war at the west terminated by the death of King Phillip. Some 
of his adherents fled from the conquered tribe to the eastward, and mixed 
with their brethren of Penacook, (Concord, N. H.,) Ossipee, Pickwacket, 
(Fryeburg,) and Saco. Others mixed with the Kennebeck and Amoriscogen 
tribes, which were ravaging all the eastern settlements of Maine. 

Waldron and Frost received orders this same month to kill and destroy 
all hostile Indians, and two companies, commanded by Captains Hawthorn 
and Sill, were sent from Boston to Maine with like orders. On their way 
thither they came to Dover, September 6th, 1676, where four hundred 
mixed Indians were assembled at the garrison of Major Waldron, with 
whom they had made peace, and whom they considered their friend and 
father. Hawthorn and Sill were for attacking them at once, but Waldron 
objected to it, and contrived to take them by stratagem. He proposed to 
the Indians to have a sham-fight, and, on the following day, summoned his 
men with Captain Frost and his men, who were at Pascataqua. They, in 
conjunction, formed one party, and the Indians another. Having diverted 
them a while in this manner with manoeuvres, and induced the Indians to 
fire the first volley, they surrounded and seized the whole of them with pe- 
culiar dexterity, excepting two or three, before they could form a suspicion 
of what they intended, and disarmed them without the loss of a man on 
either side. They then separated those known to be friendly, and dismissed 
them. The strangers from the south and west, amounting to three hundred, 
were sent to Boston to be dealt with judicially, seven or eight of whom be- 
ing known to have killed Englishmen, were hanged ; the remainder were 
sold into foreign slavery. Public opinion has ever been divided as to the 
propriety of the whole affair. Be that as it may, the two leading officers 
concerned in it, Waldron and Frost, after a lapse of many years, paid the 
forfeit of their lives at the hands of savages, who always spoke of the strat- 
agem as a base yankee trick.f 

Two days after this surprisal the forces proceeded eastward, but they 
found the settlements all deserted or destroyed, and they soon returned and 
made an excursion to Ossipy ponds, which proved alike fruitless. 

After a time an Indian named Mogg came in and proposed peace ; but 
it was soon violated, and no alternative was left but to renew hostilities. 

* Williamson's History of Maine. t Belknap. 



1840.] Memoir of CharU* Frott. 267 

A cordingly in February following, K.77. Waldron and Frost, with one 
hundred and fifty men, Bailed from Boston eastward. Public pra; 
offered on the day of their departure- They landed at Brunswick! a here tl 
held a parley with Indiana, who promised to bring in captives thai afl 
noon, lint no more waa beard of them till tin- next day, when there was 

a a flotilla of canoes approaching, who menaced a scouting party sent 
towards the place of landing. But Captain Frost attacked them from an 
unexpected quarter, killing and wounding Beveral. Thia led to another 
parley, which resulted in the r none of the promised captn 

They then sailed to the mouth of the Kennebeck, and held a parley with 
an assemblage of Indians on Bhore. "It was mutually 1 to lay aside 

arm-, :m<l to negotiate for the ransom of prisoners. The Indiana demand* <1 
twelve beav< r skina for each, with some good liquor, but only three captn i - 
could be obtained. Another parley waa proposed, when Waldron, /' 
and three others landed under a mutual promise that no w< apona mould be 
worn on either Bide. Bui Waldron point of a lance under a 

board, and searching further, found other weapons, and taking and bran- 
dishing one towards them exclaimed, Perfidious w ' you intended to 
gel our goods and then kill us, did you? They were thunderstruck 5 
one more daring than the rest Beized the weapon and strove to wrest it from 
\\ aldron*6 hand. A tumult ensued, in which hia life waa much endangi red. 
Captain Frost laid hold of Megunnaway, one of the barbaroua murderers of 
Thomas Bracket and neighbors, and dragged him into his vessel. Mean- 
while an athletic squaw caught up a bundle of guns and ran for the woods. 
A.1 thai instanl a reinforcement arrived from the vessels, when the Indians 
.•-(•attend in all direction-, pursued by the soldiera In this affray Sagamore 
Maltahousc and an old powow and five other Indian- were killed, 6ve w< 
capsized in a canoe and drowned^ and five other- v iptured. (l 
thousand pounds of beef were taken, and some oth< M< gunnaway, 
grown hoar\- in crimes, was shot."* 

They left a garrison of forty men near the mouth of the K< nnetx ck, un- 
der Captain Davis, and returned to Boston, March 11, without the loss of a 

man. 

■ 

A Few days after they -ailed from the Kennebeck, eleven of the I 

men they left there were cut off in an ambush, and the other- were ordered 
to other forts at Casco and Saco. Seventy men were now ordered eastward 
from Pascataqua, under Captain Swaine, to afford relief. On the 7th of 
April, seven men were killed in the fields near York, and six in Wells, 
three at Black Point, and in May, another attack was made on York, in 
which four were killed and two taken prisoners. In June. (1677,) two 

hundred and forty men were sent to Black Point, under Major Swett, sixty 

of whom, with their commander, fell in an encounter with the enemy. The 

Indian- next tried their fortune upon fishing vessels along the shore, be- 
tween Wells and Casco. (Portland,) and succeeded in capturing twenty. 
During all this spring and summer Captain Frost was constantly engaged 
in superintending the garrisons of the county of York. 

In April he received the following, from General Dennison, the com- 
mander-in-chief. 

To Captain Charles Frost — 

Yen Bit hereby authorised to take under your command and conduct fifty foot soldiers 
herewith scut you of the county of Essex and Norfold — commanding them to obey yen 
Bi their captain, whom you arc to lead and conduct against the common Enemy now in- 

* Williamson's History of Maine. 



258 Memoir of Charles Frost, [July, 

festing Yorkshire, whom you are with all diligence to pursue and destroy as also to succor 
and assist the English of Wells, York Neechiwannick or elsewhere, as you shall have op- 
portunity. And the said soldiers are hereby required to attend your orders and commands 
for the prosecution of the enemy as abovesaid, according to the rules and orders of mili- 
tary discipline, and you are to attend such orders & instructions as from time to time you 
shall receive from myself or other superior authority and for so doing this shall be your 
warrant. 

Dated April 12 1677. Daniel Dennison Major General. 

Instructions accompanying the above are contained in page 23 of the Jan- 
uary number of this volume, being paper No. II. 

Such were the calamities and distresses in the spring and summer of 
1677, when an unexpected relief came, by the arrival of a force at Kenne- 
beck, sent by Sir Edmond Andros, from New York, acting under a claim 
to the territory from the Duke of York. Finding the Indians pacific, the 
commander obtained the release of fifteen captives and some vessels. Dur- 
ing the autumn and winter following, no further ravages were committed. 
In the spring (April) a treaty was negotiated by Major Siiapleigh, (who 
succeeded Major Frost as commander,) at Portsmouth, in which it was 
stipulated that all captives should be released without ransom ; former in- 
habitants to return to their homes and live unmolested, but were to pay a 
peck of corn yearly, each family. Thus ended King Phillip's war in Maine; 
a war in which two hundred and sixty were killed or taken captive east of 
the Pascataqua, a vast number of houses burnt, animals slaughtered, and 
property plundered. 

The next year, 1G78, Charles Frost, with two others, represented Maine 
in the general court, from which time he continued in the office and in at- 
tending to his private affairs, until he was appointed by the governor and 
council of Massachusetts one of the eight members of the provincial council 
of Maine, to act under Gorges's charter, which Massachusetts had assumed. 
The council consisted of Bryant Pendleton, Charles Frost. Francis Hooke, 
John Davis, Samuel Wheelwright, Edward Tyng, and John Wincoln. 

The arrival of Dudley and Andros, in 1688, as Presidents of New Eng- 
land, superseded the provincial government of Maine, which had lasted six 
years. Danforth and his council were proscribed, and very little is heard 
of Frost until Andros was overthrown, April *18th, 1689, after a reign of 
one or two years. It was during the last year of this reign, 1689, that 
another Indian war broke out, which went by the name of King William's 
war, and lasted ten years. No sooner was Andros deposed than the pro- 
vincial government of Maine, consisting of Danforth, Frost, and others, who 
had been proscribed by Andros, were reinstated, and the times being peril- 
ous as in the former war, led to the appointment of Charfrs Frost as com- 
mander of the military forces in Maine. 

The war of King William began in August, 1688, in North Yarmouth 
and Kennebeck. In April following, Dover was taken by stratagem and 
mostly destroyed. Major Waldron was inhumanly tortured in a savage 
manner. Twenty-three persons were killed and twenty-nine carried into 
captivity. The seizure of four hundred Indians in that place "more than 
twelve years before was a transaction never to be forgotten, never to be 
forgiven by savages." Some of those sold in Boston as slaves and sent into 
distant lands had probably returned, and were bent on revenge. It was 
unfortunate for Major Frost that he was obliged to aid Waldron in the cap- 
ture of the four hundred, as it cost him his life ere the present war termi- 
nated. 

Being in command of the western regiment, and having the forts and 
garrisons under his special care, Frost was not ordered eastward, that sec- 



L849.] Memoir of Charley Frost. 259 

tion of Maine being placed under the more immediate command of Dudl 
Tyng. Major Swaine was Bent, with six hundred militia, to the ard, 

accompanied bj Colonel Church, who bad signalized himsell in King Phil- 
lip's war at the west He was appointed by Androa t<> 1« ;i<l the foi 
against the [ndians a1 Brunswick and Kennebeck, and was continued in the 
same service after Andros was deposed. l>ut Church's bucccss in his five 
era expeditions fell short of public expectation. 

Major Frost's presence was greatly needed at the western part of Maine. 
Onl\ a 1- .\ day« before the date of his commission, August, 1689, the In- 
dian- entered at Salmon Palls, ( Bern ick) under the command of Harti 
Frenchman, with a force of [ndians and French, lulled thirty-four 1 rav< 
men and carried away captive fifty-four persons, mostly a and chil- 

dren, and plundered and burnt the houses and mills. In the followi 
Boring they revisited Brunswick and Dover, killi hat 

was left, and extending their ravages to Sturgeon i reek, w] i 
sided, and to man) places on the opposite shore of th< P aqua. 

When Colonel Church left Boston for Casco, with two hundred and fift) 
men, to j < > i 1 1 Colonel Swaine, he took with bim a mandatory letter to the 
military commanders in Maine, from President Dariforth, (then in Boston, 
as president of the board of commissioners of the united colonies,) requiring 
them to Bupply him with men and means, which Major Frost promptly 
obeyed; and the following .May, L690, he received orders to detach one 
hundred men for Port Royal, near Portland, to serve under Captain Wil- 
lard, many of whom wen- drawn into an ambush and Blain l>v sa I 

would seem, in fact, thai Major Frost, residing as he did in the town nearest 
to Boston, was employed as a sorl of gem ral agent, or war for 

the province of Maine, all orders being transmitted through bim. The fol- 
lowing is his commission as commander of the Maine - which he con- 
tinued to hold till his death. 

The President of the Province of Mayne in N< 
To Major ( ftarles Frost. 

Whereas you are appointed Scrgt. ' fthe military I 

are in their Mojes tes to anthorise and require j e into yourci 

duct the said military forces, and diligently to intend I I , by 

Governing and exercising: the military fore ' Provini I directeth. Com- 

manding; tl ■ Militia of said Province thai tl rve and obey all such orders and di 

tions as from time ;<> time you Bhall receive from the presidi athoritv. 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto put my hand and Beal the 23d day ot August in 
the year 1689, Annoque R. K. et Regina YYillieuni et Maria' Anglica prii 

Thomas Danforth President 

Particular instructions accompanying the above are published in the 
January number, page 24, paper No. IV. 

By constant vigilance on the part of Major Frost, tl. -here of the 

Pascataqua was preserved from savage incursions. His soldiers were con- 
stantly on the alert, scouting about the borders <>f the towns. The eastern 
towns were deserted. Some removed to Salem, others to the fort at Wells, 
hni a great many were butchered or carried into captivity, I before 

the war ended, the number killed eastward of Pascataqua amounted to 
four hundred and fifty, and two hundred and fifty were made captives. All 
the towns and settlements except Wells and Pascataqua w< re overrun, the 
former commanded by Major Converse, and the latter by Major Frost 

In 1693 the war raged with increased barbarity. Spies were usually 
Bent by the Indian- to reconnoitre, before the enemy approached places in- 
tended for destruction, who lurked about the. woods, and required a constant 
ward and watch. Tin' following letter to Lieutenant Hill gives an idea of the 
vigilance and circumspection necessary to be observed in these trying times. 



260 Memoir of Charles Frost. [July, 

April: 2: 1693 
Leiut Hill 

Last night a Litle after sun sett Noah Emory was coming from Kittery to Sturgion 
Crekc & by the waie sid herd som crackling of stickes : & herd a man whissell : upon which 
he stopt under a bush : and went an other waie : John Smith coming after him saw a man 
nere Sturgion Creke bridge who ran a waie down the creke: Smith being on horse back 
came to my Garison — this morning I sent out som men who saw the Indian track at the 
same place where Noah Emerey herd him whissell — Kepe out scouts about the borders 
of the towne : I will send out from hence : all or souldiers at the banke are drawen of 
those yt belong to you are sent up : dispose of them to such garisons at present as you 
thinke fitt : I have given two of them liberty to goe home for a few dayes : 

In hast I Remaine yor : Lo : freind 
[Superscribed] Charles Ffrost major 

Ffor Leiut John Hill 

At Newitehawoneck 

Hast Post Hast 

This Lieutenant Hill was soon after stationed at Fort Mary, in Saco, as 
commander. The letter designated as No. X., on p. 164 of the April number, 
was addressed to him while there, and was written soon after the cowardly 
surrender of Fort Pemaquid, on the Kennebeck, and when the combined 
force of French and Indians had devastated the whole province of Maine, 
with the exception of Wells, York, and Pascataqua, and when it was feared 
by the government in Boston that even these would be destroyed by a mer- 
ciless foe. 

The fort at Saco was not surrendered by Hill, although all the inhab- 
itants of the town were driven away or killed, and many of Hill's soldiers 
were waylaid and murdered while venturing out of the fort. 

In June following a party of Indians placed themselves near the town of 
Exeter, and would have destroyed it but for the firing of a gun by some 
one who wished to frighten some women and children who had gone out to 
gather strawberries. It however alarmed and brought together the people, 
with arms. The Indians, supposing they were discovered, after killing one 
and taking another, made a hasty retreat and were seen no more until the 
4th of July, when they waylaid Captain Frost. 

It would require a volume to describe the many ambuscades, encounters, 
murders, conflagrations, and captivities that occurred during the ten years' 
war of King William, and it would exceed our limits even to name them in 
the brief manner we have those in King Phillip's war, which lasted only 
three or four years. Major Frost was constantly and actively engaged in 
military service till 1693, when he was chosen one of the governor's council. 
After this he was employed between sessions in guarding the forts and gar- 
risons about Kittery, and in ordering out scouts and in transmitting the or- 
ders of government to the various military stations throughout the province. 
But the hour was approaching when his own life was to be offered a sacri- 
fice to appease the long stifled and festering revenge of merciless savages, 
for aiding in the Dover stratagem. He was always attentive to his duties 
as a Christian professor, as well as those of the soldier and statesman, and 
was constant in his attendance on public worship when other duties permit- 
ted. On Sabbath morning, July 4, 1697, he expressed an unusually strong 
desire to go with his family to his wonted place of worship at Newichewan- 
nick, a distance of five miles. His wife and two sons, Charles and John, 
with some friends, accompanied him. On their return homeward, and with- 
in a mile of his dwelling, a volley of musketry was suddenly discharged at 
them, which brought several of them to the ground. It was the work of a 
party of Indians hid by the wayside under a large log, in which they had 
stuck a row of green boughs. The sons had passed ahead and escaped. 



I- !:>.] Memoir qf Char Is* Fro$t. 

8 reral versions are given by historians of this closii ae in Major 

Frost's life. One states that the Major, his wife, and two footmen were 
killed; another thai nearly the whole party were killed; and* another that 
three were killed and several wounded. A recent discovery o( a l< I 
written bj a relative, Lieutenant Storer, immediately after the funeral, 
which be attended, gives a particular account of the whole tragedy, which 
can be relied on. It was written to Major Frost's son-in-law, Capt Hill, 
wh<> commanded the fort al Saco, and was found in an old chest of pa] 
thai had lain seventy years in a garret in South Berwick. It that 

the Major, John Beard's wife, and Danes Downing were killed, and John 
Heard wounded, and they next day killed the m< 98< ng< rs who were sent to 
Wells.* 

Such was the death of Major Charles Frost, after a i ireer of di£ 
guished activity and usefulness, both civil and military. The incidents of 
his life are gathered from scanty records, authentic traditions, and from 
description oes and events in history, in which he is casually men- 

tioned as having participated. To correct and arrai rials in 

chronological order, after a lapse of nearly two centuries, was a laborious 
undertaking; and to present them free from erro b of omission and 

commission, is neither pretended nor practicable. ^ e have done the I 
our limited means would permit — to relate facts, in order to rescue from 
oblivion the name of a prominent pioneer of the wilderness, whose nun, 
deserves the veneration of his numerous descendant 

It remains to speak of bis family and descendants. He married, at the 
age of forty-four, Mary, daughter of Joseph Bolles of Wells, who survived 
him Beven years, and bore him three sons and -i\ daughters. He followi d 
the example of his lather in naming hi> sons Charles, John, and Nicho 
His daughters, named Sarah, Ale-ail, Mehitabl . Lydia, Mary, and Eli 
beth, all settled and were prosp rous in 

Charles, the. oldest -on, manic. 1 Sarah Wainw ri.d.t. and had nine chil- 
dren. By a Becond wife, who was Jane E. Pepperrell, widow of Sir ^ il- 

liam's brother Andrew, he had one child. He was dCfl a chm-h, 

Register and Judge of Probate, and command* r of a r- gim< i.t of militia. 
lie resided on the homestead of his father, Major Frost, whose remains 
repose in the rear of his bouse, and the premises continue still in -ion 

of the name. 

// i. J i Frost i mhi of' Major ( -. married Mary, sister of 

Sir William Pepperrell, and had Bixteen children. He died 1732. She 
married again, the Rev, Dr. Colmanof Boston, and afterwards Judge 1' 

COtt of Darners. .Mr. Frost commanded a British ship of war, afterwards 
became a merchant at Newcastle, and was in political life, being one of the 
governor's council. His son John was Register of Deeds for York county, 
(Me.) and the office continued in the family nearly fifVj II.' was 

commissary in the Revolutionary War, during which no less than tour or 
live of his family held offices on land and sea, among whom was his -on 
John, usually called Brigadier, who was a colonel in the army, and who left 
a numerous family, John Frost, LI.. D. of Philadelphia, being a grandson. 
Two other sons of Hon. John Frost (William and Joseph) were merchants 
at New Castle. Their descendants in Port-mouth and elsewhere are highly 
respectable. Another son, named George, settled in Durham, and was a 
judge and member of Congress. Another, named Charles, was a prominent 
man in Portland; died while a representative. One daughter, Sarah, mar- 

* See page 16R, of the last number. 



262 



Woburn Burying- G-round. 



[July, 



ried Rev. John Blunt of New Castle, and after his decease, Major John 
Hill of South Berwick, a judge of the court and member of the governor's 
council. 

The descendants of the Rev. John Blunt are numerous ; many of them 
reside in Portsmouth. One branch, consisting of Joseph and Nathaniel, 
lawyers, and Edmond and George, merchants, resides in New York. A 
daughter of Rev. John, named Abigail, married William Parsons, Esq., of 
Alfred, whose youngest son prepared this account of the Frosts. 

Nicholas Frost, the youngest son of Major Charles, died early in life and 
left a widow, but no children. 

Major Charles Frost left a large estate by will to his widow and children, 
dated 1690. 



WOBURN BURYING-GROUND. 

[Communicated by Mr. N. Wtman, Jr. — Continued from p. 148.] 



Jan 

Nov 

Aug 

Feb 

Mar 

June 

Mar 



Winn Timothy 

Wyman Susanna wid. of Ensign Samuel 

Boardman Martha wid. of Andrew, of Boston, 

Richardson Deac. Stephen 

" Asa 

Thompson Jonathan, of Medford, 

Carter Thomas 

Holding John, Jr., 

Pierce Mary w. of Josiah, Jr., 

•" Mary d. of Josiah & Mary 

Snow Mary, d. of Isaac & Phebe 

Brooks Benjamin s. of Benjamin & Susanna 

Wyman Jesse 

Thompson Hannah 

Richardson Sussanna w. of Elazer 

Snow Zachariah s. of Timothy & Lydia 

Richardson Samuel 

Thompson Benjamin 

Pierce Hannah d. of Josiah & Hannah 

Brooks Elisalett d. of Nathan & Elisalett 

a u a a 

Pool Jonathan, Esq., 

Richardson Eleazer 

Thompson Mary w. of Ebenezer 

Tyng Judeth wid. of Col. Jonathan, formerly 

wife to the Rev. Jabez Fox, June 

" A woman of most exalted vertue & Piety, 
Rich in Grace & Ripe for Glory." 

Richardson Esther d. of Noah & Phebe 

" Noah 

Hartwel Ruhamah wid. of Joseph 

Reed Deac. George 

Symmes Ruth w. of William 

Brooks Nathan 

Richardson Jonathan 

Thompson Esther w. of Abijah " died of Small pox," 



5 1752 65y 

24 1752 65 

25 1752 54 
4 1752 79 

17 1752 39 
9 1752 62 
17 1753 66 
Jan 23 1753 21y 28 days 
Nov 11 1753 36 
Dec 28 1753 2m 2d 
Dec 8 1753 7y 
May 17 1753 3y 
Nov 2 1754 23y 6m 
June 16 1754 37y 
Oct 7 1754 39y 
Sept 21 1754 36y 
Sept 3 1754 84y 
Nov 7 1755 2i) 
Oct 23 1755 27 
Feb 12 1755 8 mos 
June 8 1755 10 weeks 
Feb 8 1755 63 
Apr 17 1755 38 
Mar 11 1755 72y 



5 1756 99y 



Mar 15 
June 23 
July 11 
Jan 20 
Mar 16 
Jan 26 
July 16 
Jan 3 



1756 17y 
1756 54y 
1756 78y 
1756 96y 
1758 

1758 30y 

1759 63y 
1761 21 



L849.] 



Woburn Burying-Growtd. 






" < '!i, now 1- hold y* blooming young & fair 
S 3 oar ^;i« 1 picture fc j our peried w 

oon your beauties vanish from foot 
forme 

Full into <3 1 1 - f & mingle ^^ i t } i y wornies.'' 

Walker Edward 

Gil .1 

Richardson 

Li v d. of Noah & Ph< 

Doct r . Edmund 

by, 

A I. 

An ! I 

Prepare for death vv follow un 

Pierce I .' nnah d. of Josiah & Hannah 

S\ mmefl Abigail w. of John 

( rardner 

Kendall . 3 iuel 

Symmea \. illiam 

Brooks v v, . of Josiah 

Snow i.\ ii:i Wid. of Timothy 

Richardson Z si idiafa s. of Zebidiah & Esther 

Eamea l< th w. of Deac Samuel 

V5 inn i imothy 

Richardson i d. of Noah & Phebe 

Fowle sanna v, id. to Lieut. Samuel 

Richardson \ '■ gail d. of Noah 

Wyman I ildah w. of Nathan 

Brooks 

Richardson [< batx '1 

Kendall 'bidiah & Elisaletl 

Carter jaret w. of ( apt. Samuel 

Brooks imin 

\ loving husband to bis v. • 

der Parent, two, 
I . eatly lamented was his death 
B • friend & kindn d two, 

1 ..1 was Pleased to Coll him homo, 
N •■ I I -. a suding Mow, 
i was by the* falling of a tree 
To His Long Home did go, 
And now he Blumbers in the Dn 

1 will not rise bed 
'i be Lord the Judge Descends, from Heaven 
And time shall be no more." 



Skinner s issanna w. of Abraham 

'• Behold all ye that do pass by me 

In silence hear I ly 

A id as yon Bee that hear I be, 

So certain yu must dv, 

This call then heare for death prepare, 

Now in your Youthful day. 

Lord doeth call upon you all 
How dangres is delay." 

Richardson Jeduthan d. of Tho s & Mary 



Sepl 23 17'-. I 

Jan 20 1761 I 

Jan 6 1761 ■ 

July 21 1761 24 

1 1761 . 



D c -I 

16 
13 

M.r. 

Julj 

Apr 27 
Jan I 
Sept 
Jan 
Jan 

- ■ 
Julj 
Ma j 

12 

i 22 
Sepl 27 

dan 



6 
[0 

17 
9 





6 1 8 


64 2 


31y 


6 1 5 mo 


5 6y 

■ i y 

■>Y 

■ 5 y 




69 71 v 





Jan 8 L769 23y 



Feb 29 1769 26 days 



264 



Woburn Burying- Ground, 



[July, 



Carter 


Lieut. Jabez 


July 


10 1771 71y 


Fox 


Abigail w. of William, & d. of Deac 








Sam 1 . Wyman, 


Oct 


26 1771 28y 




" Ah behold how dos die 








being young and full in bloom, 








another dis being very old, 








whom age commands to remine home, 








cruel death. 




I 




Ah what awaits thy rage. 








thou shoest respect, to 








vertue, now to age." 






Richardson 


Rebeckah w. to Thomas 


Apr 


11 1771 79y 


Wyman 


Abigail w. of Deac. Samuel 

" Here y e wife of my Youth y e delight 
of my eyes." 


Aug 


31 1772 53 


Carter 


Abigail wid. of Lieut. Jabez 


Feb 


3 1772 73y 


Richardson 


Thomas 


June 


13 1773 67y 


Wyman 


Nathan 


Feb 


4 1773 78y 



Fames 
Wyman 

it 

Brooks 

Richardson 

Brooks 



Fames 
Thompson 



Carter 
Snow 
Carter 
Richardson 



" He was a kind husband, A Tender Parent, 
A Good master, a Faithful Friend. 
A Generous neighbour charitable to 
the Poor, Prudent & diligent in his worldly 
affairs, a premoter of peace in the Church 
& State, upright & honest in his dealings 
with man, constant senciere & devoted in the 
Worship of God, useful in life peaceful & 
happy in death." 

Nathaniel, s. of Jacob & Racheai 
Elisalett vv. of Benjamin 
Capt. Benjamin 
Jemima w. of Ebenezer 
Thomas 



July 
July 
May 

Nov 
Jan 



Nathan (only son) of Nathan & Elisalett Apr 

" As man perhaps the moment of his birth 
Recieves the lurking principle of death, 
The Young desees that must subdue at length 
Grows with his growth & strengthens with his 
strength." 

Deac. Samuel Jan 

Daniel (slain at Concord Battle) Apr 

" Here Passenger confined, reduced to dust, 
Lies what was once Religious, wise & Just, 
The cause he engaged did animate him high, 
Namely Religion & dear Liberty, 
Steady & warm in Liberties defence, 
True to his Country loyal to his Prince, 
Though in his breast a thirst for glory fired, 
Couragous in his Countrys' cause expired. 
Although hes gone his name embalmed shall be. 
And had in everlasting Memory." 

Sibyl d. of Jonathan & Sibyl Aug 

Timothy Sept 

Joseph Johnson, s. of Jonathan & Sibyl Sept 
Deac. Nathan ■ Oct 

[To be continued.] 



21 1773 
6 1773 

26 1774 
5 1774 

12 1774 

24 1774 



21st 
30y 
C8y 
57y 

93y 

20y 



20 1775 
19 1775 



84y 
40y 



27 1775 
19 1775 
15 1775 
21 1775 



2y 6m 
69y 
7 mos 
74y 



i i .t.j Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 265 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS ri'OX UKCOKD IN 
THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MS. 

[Continued from page l^o.] 
Thom L8 Ruggli 3, 
The 9 (9) 1644 
I Thomas Kuggles of Roxbury. To Sonne John my loti w* lyeth behind 
the great pound contains my sixteene Acre- more or lease. To sonne 
Samuell my lott butting vppon the Left of Philip Eliot on the east, & 
one A'thiif Garis north — 7 Acres more or lease. Also my land at 
Dedham, containing 12 Acres more or lease. To dau. Sarah three 
pound in Buch pay as my wife can best Bpare, to be paid her at the age 
of one & twenty yeei e. At decease of wife effects to be divided betweene 
my 9 children. 
Witnesses Thom \> Bdgoi 

/'■'////.■ Eliot 
Jolui Ruggles 

Teetyfied before 
the ( Jourt 

Increase NbweZL 



I'»ii\ Grave, 

\ ivembei (1) L64 1. 

John (hare late of Roxbury. Vnto sonne John the ten Acre l" f t contain- 
ing six Acres more or lesse, Also my two Oxen & the vae of halfe the 
barne during the time of his mothers life & then the barne to be divided 
as his mothers land i-, one halfe vnto him. Also m\ best suite & the 

bed that he lyeth vppon. John shall pay vnto dau. Mary sixe pounds 

at the age of t went)' one year- — hut in case she dye before, J "'/i to pay 

his brother Samuell & Jonathan fourty shillings apiei 

Also \nto sonne Samuell my lot called the tour acre lott, tin- lott of 
goodman Leiois between the land of Robert S & the land of 

man Lewis, vnto him, &c 

vnto Jonathan my SOU that lott lying on the great hill of 5 Acres — if 

my two frends, Phillip Eliot £c Will"' Heath exchange it for land more 
convenient & vaefull tor my son, I give them full power so to doe, 
Also my lot of Comon w'' h was last divided vnto me by the towne, I 

give to my fore-aid three sonns equally to be divided — wit'e to haue free 
liberty to fetch tyre wood. 

To dau. Mary the bed $c all that belongeth thereto w ch her grand- 
mother now lyeth vppon. 

If wife line i\\c years after the death of my mother, then she shall 
pay vnto my daughter Hanna six pound — if she dye before, then John 
&c Samuell & Jonathan to pay vnto her fyve pound. 

Phillip Eliot. 
Testified before the Court William Jleath. 

Increase Nowcll sec'. 



Iohn Grave. 
2G (9) 1645. 
John Grave late of Roxbury. My land to be sould. — Vnto my brother 
Samuell Sixe pound, to brother JonaUian four pounds. — to sister Sat ah 

17 



266 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [July, 

three pound — to ray sister Hanna three pound — to sister Mar ah sixe 
pound w ch I was to giue vnto her by my ffathers will — to be paid her 
at the age of one & twenty — vnto Georg Brand what he doth owe vnto 
mee — vnto my Mother all my wearing apparell — vnto Phillip Eliot 
what he doth owe mee, whom I doe make mine Executor. What is left 
to be divided between my Executor & my mother. What I was to haue 
by my ffathers will, after the death of my mother my two brethren, Sam- 
uell & Jonathan shall enjoy it equally. They to pay sister Sarah five 
pound, & to sister Mar ah three pound, & to sister Hanna, three pound. 
The testimonies of Robert Pejyper, Widdowe Grave & John Hansett. 
See in the book of affidavits,* fol. 43. 



Iohn Oliver. 

25 (6) 1641. 

This is my last will except any befoure beareing date after it concerning 
the disposall of estate w ch the Lord hath carved out vnto mee in this 
world, those many ingagements that lye vppon mee being by the good 
hand of God discharged, w ch may be done ptly by those ingagements 
whereby others stand indebted vnto mee, as also by the sale of my house 
at Boston & of my bookes & geometricall instruments, the remaining pt 
being divided into three equall parts at the discretion of my deere & rev- 
erend ffathers M r Tho: Oliver M r Iohn Neivgate, one third vnto my 
deare & faithful yoake fellowe, the other two thirds vnto my deare chil- 
dren at theire (viz* my ffat:) discretion, and whereas my ffather M r 
Thomas Oliver hath according to his faithfull care, & prudence promised 
mee that if I should dye before him, I should have power by my will to 
dispose of such part of his estate, as should have fallen vnto me if I had 
survived, my will is that it be in like manner divided & disposed of as 
my owne estate. If my deare brother James Oliver surviue me I desire 
him to discharge my many ingagements w th that part of my estate fore- 
mencioned for that end. all w cb promises I doe in hast confirme by my 
own hand witnes my hand 

Deposed by James Johnson John Oliver. 

& James Oliver the 11 (7) 1647 before 

the court by me 

Increase JYowell, Sec. 



William Brinsmeade. 
10 (10) 1647. 
This testifyeth that I W nj Brinsmead being in health (this 10 th of the 10 th 
month 1647) do make & ordaine that my estate be divided into fyve 
equal parts — two of these fyve I giue vnto W" J my sonne, the other 
three parts I giue to my three children Alexander Ebbet & Mary, to 
each one part, {Further if sonne w n ' Dye before he come to the age of one 
& twenty, Alexander shall haue a double part, but if either of the other 
die before they come of age, then it is equally to be divided to the rest. 
Sonne JV PJ ' to be kept to schoole ; also if my other sonne be capable & 
willing he haue so much bestowed as may fitt him to write well & cast ac- 
counts, fit for a Navigator. My daughter. to be so imployed as that there 
may be so much saved for theire future portions as may conveniently bee 

* See note, page 179, ante. 



1849.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 267 

(For the good incouragement lh.it I baue of my sonne w nj concerning his 
learning. I therefore giue to him all my bookes, only a Bible w* 11 I bad 
of my (Father, that I giue to Alexander, I giue to W"' my Negro Sy- 
mon. to my daughters I giue my wives (-loathes. I appoint M' 
thaniell Patten of Dorchester to be my childrens guardians. J assigne 
him to receiue what is due to mee for the vse of my children. 

W NJ Brinsmeade 
This will was p'sented to the Court 15 (3) 1648. by Nathaniell Patten 
& David SeUocke written in a bookeofM 1 Brinsmeads cV subscribed w t!l 

ln's hand as to the Court it did appeare, who ordered M r Patten U> bring 

in an Inuentory of M' Brinsmeads estate. 



Aones Bent. 
7 ([)) 1648. 
Thomas Blavchrr testified] that Agnes Bent made her will & gaue her 
estate; to Richard Barnes &; Elisabeth PUmton,& t<» pay fyve pound 
to Elisabeth Plimton & twenty pounds to Richard J><u/<>^. .v gaue 
ten pounds to John Bent & i'yvr pound to Thomas Plimton, the resl to 
be divided hetweene Richard Barnes & Elisabeth Plimton* Deposed 
the iirsi of the 9 th month 10 is. before me Increase Nowell. 

Peter Noyce testifyeth the same, all hut the two debts, the same day be- 
fore me Increase NowelL 



Thomas Nelson. 
I Thomas Nelson of Rowley in the County of Essex (in X. England) 1 e- 
ing called now to make a voyadge into Ould England, giue to beloved 
wife Joan, my Mill & Millshouse in Rowley, & all the ground neerevnto 

the said mill, w lh was lately in the occupation of Joseph W'ormtihilL all 
my land betwene Rowley oxe pasture & the Comon & the mill River. 
Two acres in the Pond field next M* Rogers leaving out the Pound to 
build her a house on. The remainder or reversion I giue to my chil- 
dren, as well that child w th my wife is w th all as the rest. To oldest son 
Phillip a double portion, to son Thomas 6c to daughter Mercy, Sc the 
child or children slice is w th all theire equall parts: If any of them (]yc 
before they come to the age of twenty & one yeares, then their part to be 
equally divided among the other children. 

My will is that Ri: Bellingham, Esq., £c my honoured vncle Richard 
Dinner, gent, shall haue the education of my son Phillip Nelson & 
Thomas Nelson. Wife & vncle Richard Dinner shall have the educa- 
tion of my dan. Mercy & the other child my wife is w th ali. To wife 
(Joane) foure choice Cowes, one choise mare & ten pounds to build her 
a house. To son Phillip ten pound w ch was giuen him by my Aunt Kuth- 
erine Witham, & his plate marked with his own name P. N : & to my 
second son Thomas, a wine bowle & one spoone. M r Richard Billing- 
ham Sc my vncle Richard Dinner my executors. M r Ezec.J/iell Rogers 
of Rowley & M r John Norton of Ipwich to bee mine overseers. To wife 
all her ap par ell, her chest boxe & bed & furniture & a silver beaker 

Thomas Nelson. 

December 24. 1645. & a seale 

sealed signed & deliuered 

in the presence of Jeremie Houtchin 
Ezcchiel North end. 



268 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. P u ty> 

A schedule to be annexed to the Will of T. Nelson. These are to 
certifie all whom it any waies may concerne, that I Thomas Nelson, 
about to returne to Rowlowe in New England, being at present sick, con- 
firm my last will made in New England w ch my wiues vncle M r Richard 
Dinner, only w th the addition of these provisions that my youngest child 
Samuel Nelson, being borne since that will was made, if my wife be now 
w th child, & shall bring forth a child, that Samuel, & this may enjoy each 
a childs portion proportionable to the rest of my children. I earnestly 
desire of our Reverend Pastor & Elder M r Rogers, & of that whole 
Church at Rowley that they may not mistake themsels concerning the 
eleven pounds & seventeene pounds w ch I payd to goodman Seatchwell 
for his fferme, & I did not giue these in w th other moneyes that I laid out 
for the plantation least this being a wrong to mee, bee to theire griefe at 
the day of Jesus Christ : as also iifteene pounds payd to Mr. Carltons 
hundred pound w ch I ought not to pay. This I intreat them seriously to 
lay to hart, & righting mee in all these particulars. Witness my hand 
the sixt day of Sextiles here called August, 1648. Tho: Nelson. 
Testified as his Act & deed, & 
subscribed by him in the p r sence of vs witnesses 

Henry Jacie alias Jesse 

Daniel Elly his marke 

Sarah Appleyard her marke 



Nicholas Tailor. 
19 (11) 48. 

I Nicholas Tailor of the p r cincts of st Katherins neere vnto the tower Lon- 
don, mariner, bound to sea to New castle in the good shipp called the 
pilgrime of London. — To the poore of the parish twelve pence, loueing 
wife Elisabeth all my lands house or houses, being in Kingshire in the 
County of Norfolk or any other Country. Wife sole executrix. This 

26 th day of July, Anno Dni 1637. Anno Regni Regis Caroli Anglie xiii . 

p me signum dicti 
Sealed & D D in Nichol 3 -f Tailor & a seal 

the price of vs. 
& on the back side. 

Sealed & D D published & really declared in the presence of vs 
Richard ff aire field. 



Thomas Cromwell. 
3 (9) 1649. 

I Thomas Cromwell of Boston doe by these p r sents make my last will & 
Testament. Deere wife Anne sole executrix. To dau. Elisabeth Crom- 
well fyue pounds sterling at marriage, or at one & twenty. To wife all 
the remainder of my estate, excepting the ship Anne — to pay to good- 
wife Sherman ten pounds sterling, & to goodwife Spaule fyve pound 
sterl. I giue my six bells being in the Custody of Henry Walton vnto 
the towne of Boston, This 29 th of August, 1649. 

Thomas Cromwell & a seale 
Sealed signed & D D in price of 
John Clark 
Henry Walton Deposed that this was the will 26 (8) 1649 

Increase Nowel, Sec: 
[To be continued.] 



1849.] Early llecords of Weymouth. 269 



EARLY RECORDS OF WEYMOUTH. 

[Copied by Mr. Cyrds Orcutt, for the N. E. Genealogical and Antiquarian Register.] 

[Continued from Page 16G.J 

John son of Samuel & Mary Bayley 
James son of Joshua & Ruth Smith 
James son of Simeon & Sarah Whitmarsh 
John son of Joseph & Sarah Shaw 
Mary Daughter of Samuel & Mercy Pool 
Mary of Philip & Hannah Reed 

Hannah of John & Hannah Gregory 

Sarah of James & Sarah Nash 

Susanna of James & Anna Stewart 
Margret of [saac <^ Elishama Pool 
Judith of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 

Joseph son of Jacob & Abigail Xash 

Elisabeth of John & Elisabeth Mollis 
Sarah of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh 
Samuel son of John & Mary Vming 

TT 

Hannah of James & Mary Smith 

Hannah of Stephen & Hannah French 
Samuel son of Richard & Mary Phillips 
Joseph son of Ephraim & Ebbol Hunt 
Samuel son of John ^ Elizabeth Kingman 
Israel son of Andrew & Eleanor Ford 

Benjamin son of John & Alice Shaw 

Jane Daughter of John & .lane Lovell 
Elizabeth of Jonathan & Elizabeth Sprague 
Hannah of John <fe Mary Rodgers 
Sarah of Daniel & Sarah Fairfield 
Thomas of John & Mary Bicknell 
John son of Thomas & Mary Kino; 
William son of William & Deborah Torrey 
Ezra son of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 
Hannah of Matthew & Sarah Pratt 
Samuel son of Samuel & Hannah Pratt 
of John & Abigail Whitman 
son of James Sc Jane Lovell 
Mary of Thomas & Ruth Bayley 
Thomas son of Thomas & Rebbeea Kingman 
Elizabeth of Simeon 8c Sarah Whitmarsh 
Samuel son of Samuel fo Experience King 
Zachary of Joseph & Elizabeth Green 
Patience of William & Elizabeth Chard 
Susanna of 

Thomas son of Thomas & Sarah Reed 
John son of Jacob & Abigail Nash 
Isricum son of Ephraim & Hannah Pearce 
Thomas son of John & Abigail Holbrook 
Experience of Thomas & Hannah Bolter 
Hannah of Philip & Hannah Reed 
John son of John & Mary Dyar 



born 


Dec 12 1668 


u 


Dee U K 


H 


Feb 8 1668 


u 


Nov 9 L668 


a 


Nov L><! It 


u 


March 21 L<669 


U 


April 9 L669 


u 


April 21 1669 


u 


May 23 1 


u 


Aug 24 L669 


a 


Sep! 2 1669 


u 


().•; l l 1669 


U 


v.v 18 l 


u 


Nov 26 L669 


a 


Feb 2 1669 


U 


March 1 1670 


a 


April ID 1670 


a 


May 7 L670 


a 


May 18 1670 


a 


.May 28 1G70 


M 


June 7 L670 


u 


June 16 L670 


a 


July 28 1670 


U 


July 21 1670 


a 


July 23 L670 


u 


Aug 25 L670 


M 


Aug 27 1670 


a 


Aug 29 1670 


a 


Sept 14 1670 


u 


Oct 13 1670 


u 


Nov 4 1G70 


u 


Nov 15 1670 


a 


Dec 4 1670 


u 


Dec 29 1670 


a 


Feb 10 1670 


a 


Feb 11 1670 


u 


Feb 15 1670 


u 


March 1 1671 


a 


April 7 1671 


u 


April 21 1671 


a 


Aug 12 1671 


a 


Sept 12 1671 


a 


Oct 8 1671 


u 


Jan 4 1671 


a 


Jan 15 1671 


u 


Jan 19 1671 


u 


Feb 18 1671 


it 


Feb 29 1671 



270 Early Records of Weymouth. [July, 

of John & Deliverance Porter born April 11 1672 

Sarah of James & Mary " May 25 1672 

Sarah of Andrew & Eleanor Ford " May 28 1672 

Sarah of John & Sarah Richard " June 20 1672 

James of James & Anna Stewart " June 26 1672 

Jane of John & Mary Vining " July 7 1672 

Abigail of John & Alice Shaw " July 15 1672 

John son of John & Staples " Nov 3 1672 

Joseph son of Samuel & Mary Bay ley " Dec 18 1672 

Mary of Joseph & Sarah Pittey " Dec 27 1672 

Experience of Samuel & Hannah Pratt " Jan 8 1672 

Thomas Porter son of Thomas Porter deceased " Feb 3 1672 

Experience of John & Abigail Whitman " April 1 1673 

John of Job & Mercy Randall " April 16 1673 

Anna of Timothy & Naomy Yeals " April 25 1673 

Elizabeth of John & Bicknell " April 29 1673 

William of Matthew & Sarah Pratt " May 5 1673 

Mary of Thomas & Mary King " June 12 1673 

John son of William & Deborah Torrey tl June 23 1673 

Elizabeth of John & Elizabeth Kingman " July 9 1673 

Micajah son of Micajah & Susanna Torrey " July 27 1673 

Abigail of Jacob & Abigail Nash " Aug 7 1673 

Nicholas son of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh " Aug 21 1673 

Ann of Henery Turbefield " Sept 8 1673 

Mary of James & Jane Lovell " Jan 5 1 673 

Mercy of Nathaniel & Susanna Blancher " April 14 1674 

Thomas son of John & Sarah Staples " April 19 1674 

Ebenezer son of John & Alice Shaw " April 24 1674 

Elizabeth of Stephen & Hannah French " April 29 1674 

John son of John & Beshua Reed " June 5 1674 

Joseph of Joseph & Elizabeth Nash " June 8 1674 

Sarah of Joseph & Sarah Pittey " June 11 1674 

Mary of Simeon & Sarah Whitmarsh " June 12 1674 

Sarah of Thomas & Ruth Bayley " Sept 29 1674 

Philip son of Philip & Hannah Reed " Nov 2 1674 

Bathsheba of John & Sarah Richard " Nov 16 1674 

Elizabeth of Joseph & Elizabeth Pool " Dec 6 1674 

Hugh son of William & Elizabeth Chard " Jan 4 1674 

John son of James & Anna Stewart " Jan 22 1 674 

Mercy of John & Elizabeth Hollis " Feb 5 1674 

Deliverance of John & Elizabeth Kingman " March 12 1675 

John son of James & Jane Lovell " April 19 1675 

Joseph son of Joseph & Susan Richard " May 7 1675 

John son of John & Sarah Vinson " July 28 1675 

Martha of Samuel & " Aug 8 1675 

John son of Philip « Aug 16 1675 

Jane of John & Sarah Whitmarsh " Sept 8 1675 

Ruth of John & Deliverance Porter " Sept 18 1675 

Mary of Jonathan & Ruth Torrey " Sept 25 1675 

Sarah of William & Rebecca Manly - " Oct 5 1 675 

Persis of Samuel & Mary Holbrook " Oct 11 1675 

Benjamin son of Thomas & Jane Drake " Jan 15 1676 

[To be continued.] 



1849.] First Settlers of Barnstable. 271 



FIRST SETTLERS OF BARNSTABLE. 

[Communicated by Mr. David Hamblen. — Continued from p. 136.] 

Ralph Jones m. ; children, Deborah, b. March, 1696; Eliz- 
abeth, 25 Nov, 1698; Thankful, 12 April, 1701 ; Bethiah, 9 April, 1700: 
Cornelius, 30 July, 170'.). 

Samuel Jones m. Mary Blish, 20 June, 1718; children, Joseph, b. 9 
June, 1719; Benjamin, 14 June, 1721. 

James Lewes m. Sarah Lane, Oct., 1055; children, John, b. October. 
1G50; Samuel, 10 April, 1659; Sarah, 4 March, 1660; James, 3 June, 
1664, J. 18 June, 1748. James Lewes, senior, d. 1 Oct., 1713, ae. 82. 

Samuel Lewes m, Prudence Leonard, 10 Dee., 1690; children, Sam- 
uel, b. 22 June, 1700; Joseph and David, gemini, L0 Aug., 1702; David 
d. 3 Jan., 1706; Ebenezer, 9 Aug., 1700; Thankful, 27 Jan., 1708; Han- 
nah, 1 July, 1710. 

GEORGE Lewes m. Alice ('rocker, 11 dune, 1711 ; children, Sarah, b. 
5 April, 1712, d. 13 June, 1713; Mary, 9 March, 1713-1 1 ; Anna. 3 Feb.. 
1715-16; Josiah, 1!) Feb., 1717. Mrs. Alice Lewes d. 23 Feb. 1718. 

James Lewes m. Elizabeth Lothrop, Nov., 1698; children, Mary, b. 10 
Aug., 1700; Elizabeth, 8 Mav, 1702; James, 9 July, 1704; Barnabas, 17 
March, 1700; Solomon, 26 June, 1708. 

Ebenezer Lewes m. Anna Lothrop, April, 1091 ; children, Sarah, b. 
13 Jan., 1091-2; Susannah. 17 April, 109 1 : James, 4 Aug, 1090; Eben- 
ezer, 9 May, 109!); Hannah, 11 Feb., 1701; Lothrop, 13 June, 1702; 
George, 5 April, 1704; Nathaniel, 12 Jan, 1707-8; John, 15 July, 1709: 
David and Abigail, gemini, 8 Nov., 1711. 

EDWARD Lewes* m. Hannah Cob, 9 May, 1661; children, Hannah, b. 
24 April, 1002; Eleazer, 20 June, 1004; John, 1 Jan, 1000; Thomas. 
March, 1009. 

John Lewes m. Elizabeth Huckins, 4 June, 1095. 

John, son of Edward Lewes, m. ; children, Edward, b. 6 

Sept., 1097; Thankful, 6 Dec. 1698; John, 28 April, 1700; Elizabeth, 28 
Aug., 1701 ; James, 4 June, 1703; Gershom, 30 Dec, 1704; Shobal, 29 
Sept., 1705. 

Thomas, son of Edward Lewes, m. Experience Huckins, 28 Sept., 
1098; children, Experience, b. 15 Aug., 1699; Thomas, 1 Aug., 1702; 
Jesse, 11 March, 1705; Desire, 14 May, 1707; Ephraim, 8 April, 1710. 

Thomas Lewes m. Mary Davis, 15 June, 1053; children. James, b. 
March, 1054 ; Thomas, July, 1050 ; Mary, 2 Nov., 1059 ; Samuel, 14 May 
1002. 

Benjamin Lewes m. Margaret FolJand, 10 Feb., 1696-7; children, 
Mary, 5 July, 1098; a son, d 22 April, 1701 ; Seth, 1 Aug., 1704; Eliza- 
beth, 17 Jan., 1711 ; Mercy, 3 March, 1712; Benjamin, 14 July, 1716. 

Jabez Leaves m. Experience Hamblen, 20 Feb., 1095; child, John, b. 
27 Aug., 1G9G. 

George Lewes, Jr., m. Mary Lumbart, 1 Dec, 1054; children, 
George, b. Sept., 1055; Mary, 9 May, 1657 ; Sarah, 12 Jan., 1059; Han- 
nah, July, 1002, d. 1007; Melatiah, 13 Jan., 1004; Bathshua, Oct., 1667 ; 
Jabez, 10 June, 1070 ; Benjamin, 22 Nov , 1071 ; Jonathan, 25 July, 1674; 
John, 1 Dec, 107G; Nathan, 20 July, 1078. Mr. George Lewes d. 20 
March, 1709-10. 

* I think that this Edward is a son of George Lewes, senior, and is recorded as 
Ephraim. See page 195 in Vol. II. 



272 First Settlers of Barnstable. [July? 

Jonathan Lewes m. Patience Looke, 25 Oct., 1703 ; children, Thank- 
ful, b. 22 Nov., 1704; Jane, 28 April, 1713; Lot, 6 March, 1715; Levi, 
22 Sept., 1718; Melatiah, 6 Feb., 1720. 

Nathan Lewes m. Sarah Arey, 24 May, 1705; children, Hannah, b. 
13 Feb., 170G; David, 24 June, 1708; Mary, 11 Sept., 1710; Sarah, 24 
June, 1713; Nathan, 29 Oct., 1715; George, 18 March, 1718-19. 

Dea. John Lewes d. 5 March, 1738. 

Joseph Lord m. Abigail Hinkley, 2 June, 1G98. 

Jabez Lumbart m. Sarah Derby, 1 Dec, 1660; children, a son, b. 18 
Feb., 1661, d. same day; Elizabeth, June, 1663; Mary, April, 1666 ; Ber- 
nard, April, 1668; John, April, 1670; Matthew, 28 Aug., 1672; Mehi ta- 
ble, Sept., 1674; Abigail, April, 1677; Nathaniel, 1 Aug., 1679 ; Hepthsi- 
bah, Dec, 1681. 

Bernard Lumbart m. ; children, Joanna, b. Dec, 1692; 

Mehitable, 18 March, 1693; Matthew, 15 Jan., 1698; Mariah, Oct., 1700 ; 
Bethiah, Sept., 1702; John, April, 1704; Solomon, 1 March, 1706. 

Joshua Lumbart m. Abigail Linnel, May, 1650; children, Abigail, b. 
6 April, 1652 ; Mercy, 15 June, 1655; Jonathan, 28 April, 1657; Joshua, 
16 Jan., 1660. 

Nathaniel Lumbart m. ; Sarah, b. 2 Aug, 1710. 

Thomas Lumbart m. Elizabeth Darby, 23 Dec, 1665 ; children, Sarah, 
b. Dec, 1666 ; Thomas, March, 1667 ; Elizabeth, Sept., 1668 ; Mary, April, 
1669; Hannah, Dec, 1671; Jabez, Feb., 1673, d. 8 days after; Rebecca, 
May. 1676; Jabez, June, 1678; Bethiah, July, 1680; Bathshua, August, 
1682; Patience, Sept., 1684. 

Thomas Lumbart, Jr., m. ; children, Mehitable, b. 27 Sept., 

1690; Elizabeth, 2 Sept, 1692; John, 19 July, 1694, d. October, 1694; 
Thankful, 19 April, 1696; Jabez, 11 Feb, 1698; Gershom, 4 July, 1700; 
Elisha, 20 May, 1702; Zaccheus, 9 April, 1704; Hezekiah, 18 July, 1708; 
Mercy, 30 July, 1706; Abigail, 3 April, 1710; Patience, 9 April, 1712. 

Jedediah Lumbart m. Hannah Wing, 20 May, 1668; children, Jede- 
diah, b. 25 Dec, 1669 ; Thomas, 22 June, 1671 ; Hannah, August, 1673; 
Experience, April, 1675. 

Jedediah Lumbart m. Hannah Lewes, 8 Nov., 1699. 

Benjamin Lumbart, Jr., m. Hannah Treddeway, 23 May, 1711 ; chil- 
dren, Jonathan, b. 29 March, 1712, d. 22 May, 1712; Hannah, 8 Sept., 
1714. Mrs. Hannah Lumbart d. 19 Sept., 1714. 

Benjamin Lumbart m. Jane Warren, 19 Sept, 1672, who d. 27 Feb., 
1682 ; children, Mercy, b. 2 Nov., 1673 ; Benjamin, 27 Sept., 1675 ; Hope, 
26 March, 1679. Married for his second wife, Sarah Walker, 19 Nov., 
1685, who d. 6 Nov., 1693; children, Sarah, b. 29 Oct., 1686; Bathshua, 

4 May, 1687; Mary, 17 June, 1686, [probably 1688]; Samuel, 15 Sept., 
1691. Married for his third wife, Widow Hannah Whetstone, 24 May, 
1694; children, Temperance, b 25 May. 1695; Martha, 28 Dec, 1704. 

Jonathan Ldmbart m. Elizabeth Eddy, 11 Dec, 1683 ; children, Jon- 
athan, b. 20 Nov., 1684; Alice, 19 Oct., 1686; Ebenezer, 4 Feb., 1688; 
Abigail, 12 July, 1691, at the Vineyard. 

Thomas Lumbart m. Mary Newcom, 4 Oct., 1694; children, John, b. 

5 Jan., 1694; Jedediah, 16 Feb., 1696; Thomas, 3 Aug., 1698. 
Joshua Lumbart m. Hopestill Bullock, 6 Nov., 1682; children, Mercy, 

b. 16 March, 1684; Hopestill, 15 Nov., 1686; Joshua, 5 Aug., 1688; 
Samuel, 1 June, 1690; Abigail, 20 Jan., 1692; Mary, 22 Nov., 1697; 
Elizabeth, 22 April, 1700; Jonathan, 16 April, 1703. 



1849.] First Settlers of Barnstable. 273 

Joshua Lumbabt m. Sarah Parker, 14 Dec, 1715; children, Sarah, b. 
28 Sept., 1716; Parker, 2 1 Dee., L718. Mrs. Sarah Lumbart d. 16 Jan., 
1718 

Mblatiab Lathbop iii. Sarah Farrar, 20 May, 1667, and d. 6 Feb., 
1711-12,;.'. 66. She (1. 2;; May, 1712, ae. 64. Children, Thomas, b. 22 
Aug., 1668; Tabilha, 8 April, 1671; Isaac, 28 June, l<"'7.'i; Joseph, 15 
Dec, K)7.">; Elizabeth, 23 Nov., 1C77; [cbabod, 20 June, 1680; Shobal, 
20 April, L682; Sarah,.") March, 1683-4. 

LlEDT. JOSBPH LOTHBOF in. ; child, Mehitable, b. 22 Oct., 

1701. , 

Josepb Lothbop m. Abigail Child, 1 1 June, 1695. 

Samuel Lothbop m. Hannah Crocker, 1 July, 1 <'■*•■>; children, Mary, 
I.. 19 Oct., 1688; Hannah, 11 N«.v., L690; Abigail, 10 Aug,, L693; Ben- 
jamin, 16 April, 1696; Joseph, 10 Noi , 1698; Samuel, 28 April, L700. 

Thomas Lothbop in. Experience Gorham, 28 April, 1697; children, a 
son,h. lOJan., 1 697, d. 3 Feb., 1697; Deborah, 21 April, 1699; Mary, 1 
April, 1701 ; James, 9 Aug., 17o;j; Thomas, 8 July, 1705 j Ansel, no date; 
Joseph, 8 Dec, 1709; Seth, .March, 1711-12. 

Hope ^othbop m. Elizabeth Lothrop, 17 Dec, 1696; children, Benja- 
min, b. 18 Dec, L697; John, 3 Oct., 1699. 

Babnabas Lothbop, J b., m. Elisabeth Hedge, 1 I Nov.. 1687; children, 
Mercy, b. 1 .March, L689; Elizabeth, 15 Sept, 1690; Barnabas, 1" N< 
1692, d. 6 April, L693; Nathaniel, Feb., 1693-4; Lemuel, 26 Dec, L< 
Barnabas, 8 Feb., 1697-8; Susannah, 8 Oct., 1699; Thankful, 2 1 Sept., 
1701; Sarah, 22 April, 1703; .Marc 15 July, 1705; Kembel, 21 dune, 
1708. 

Joiiv, son of Barnabas Lothrop, m. ■ , and d. 23 Oct, 1695; 

children, Barnabas, b. 2:5 Nov., L694; Elizabeth, 3 Sept, 1692, d. 9 Nov., 
1694. 

Nathaniel Lothbop m. Bethiah ; child, John, b 28 Oct . 1696. 

John Lothbop in. Mary Cob, 3 dan., L67J : children. John, b. 5 Aug., 
1673; Mary, 27 Oct., 1675; Martha, 11 Nov., 1677; Elizabeth, 16 Sept, 
1679; James, 3 July, 1681 ; Hannah, 13 March, 1682; Jonathan, 1 1 Nov., 
1684; Barnabas, 22 Oct., 1686; Abigail, 23 April, 1689; Experience, 7 
Jan., 1692. 

John Lothbop m. Hannah, widow of \)v. John Fuller, 9 Dec, 1695; 
children, Bathshua, b. 19 Dec, 1G9G; Phebe, Sept., 1701; Benjamin, 8 
April, 1704. 

Babnabas, son of John Lothrop, m. Bethiah Fuller, 20 Feb., 1706; 
children, John, b. 25 Aug., 1709; Hannah, G July, 1712. Mrs. Bethiah 
Lothrop d. Oct, 1711. 

Mb. John Lothbop d. 27 Sept., 1727, re. 85. 

William Lovel* m. Mehitable Lumbart, 24 Sept, 1 093, and died 21 
April, 1753, ae. 90; children, Eli, b. Aug., 1694; Jerusha, Sept., 1696; 
Elenor, 10 Sept., 1698; Abia, 12 Sept., 1700; Beulah, 7 Feb.. 1704; 
Eleanor, 17 May, 1707. 

Andbew Lovel m. ; children, Deborah, b. G May, 1C89, at 

Scituate; Mary, 17 Nov., 1693; Jonathan, 27 March, 1697; Thankful, 6 
Oct., 1G99; Joseph, 10 Oct., 1707; Jane, 14 May, 1715; Silas, 1G May, 
1G90. 

John Linxll m. Ruth Davis; children, Thankful, b. 12 Nov., 1G9G; 

* Probably son of John and Jane Lovel, of Weymouth. Mass., born 24 Feb., 1GG4. 



274 First Settlers of Barnstable. [Juty?- 

Samuel, 16 Nov., 1699; John, 15 June, 1702; Bethiab, 14 May, 1704; 
Joseph, 12 June, 1707 ; Hannah, 10 July, 1709 ; Jabez, 30 July, 1711. 

Experience Mayhew m. Thankful Hinkley, 12 Nov., 1695. 

[In Vol. II. page 196, the Records read John Manton, and I thought it 
should be Marston, but I am now sure it should be John Martin. D. H.] 

Benjamin Marston m. Lydia Goodspeed, April 26, 1716; children, 
John, b. 25 Feb., 1716-17; Patience, 1 Jan., 1720; Benjamin, 2 January, 
1725; Nymphas, 12 Feb., 1727; Lydia, March, 1731; Prince, 24 March, 
1735-6 ; John, 3 Dec, 1738, d. 22 Feb., 1817. Benjamin Marston, senior, 
probably came from Salem, and is the first one of the name that came to 
Barnstable. 

Samuel Norman m. Widow Casley, 24 Nov., 1697. 

John Otis, Jr., m. Grace Hayman of Bristol, 13 Dec, 1711 ; child, 
John, b. 27 April, 1713. 

Nathaniel Otis m. Abigail Russell, 21 Dec, 1710; children, Abigail, 
b. 19 Aug., 1712, at Barnstable, d. 3 Nov., 1712, at Sandwich; Abigail, 10 
Dec, 1713, at Sandwich; Nathaniel, 16 April, 1716, at Sandwich, died 6 
Sept., 1716 ; Martha, 11 Dec, 1717, at Sandwich ; Nathaniel, 8 Sept., 1720; 
Jonathan, 30 April, 1723. 

Col. John Otis d. 23 Sept., 1727, rc. 70. 

[In Vol. II. page 196 of the Register, the Records read John Otis, son of 
Goodman John Otis, probably d. in Weymouth, 1657. This is the old man, 
father of Goodman John Otis and grandfather of John Otis, that m. Mrs. 
Mercy Bacon, 1683. D. II.] 

Elisha Parker m. Elizabeth Hinckley, 15 July, 1657; children, 
Thomas, b. 15 May, 1658; Elisha, Nov., 1660; Sarah, May, 1662. 

Samuel Parker m. Hannah Bumps, 12 Dec, 1695; children, Sarah, 
b. Dec, 1696; Mary, May, 1698; Peace, 28 Dec, 1699; James, 13 Nov., 
1701 ; Prescilla, 4 Sept., 1704; Prudence, 6 Aug., 1705. 

Benjamin Parker m. Rebekah Lumbart, 8 Dec, 1698. 

Daniel Parker m. Mary Lumbart, 11 Dec, 1689 ; children, Patience, 
b. 1690 ; Abigail, 27 May, 1692 ; Experience, 7 Feb , 1693-4, d. 24 March, 
1694; Daniel, 20 Feb., 1694-5, d. 23 Dec, 1715; Rebecca, ] April, 
1698; David, 17 Feb., 1699-1700; Hannah, 5 April, 1702, d. 14 Oct., 
1715; Samuel, 5 Feb., 1703-4; Jonathan, Jan., 1706; Nehemiah, Oct., 
1708; Mary, 15 Aug., 1710. Daniel Parker, Esq., d. 23 Dec, 1728, se. 
59. 

JosErn Parker m. Mercy Whetstone, 30 June, 1698. 

John Phinney, Jr., m. Mary Rogers, 10 Aug., 1664; children, John, 
b. 5 May, 1665; Melatiah, Oct, 1666, d. Nov, 1667; Joseph, 28 Jan., 
1667; Thomas, Jan., 1671 ; Ebenezer, 18 Feb., 1673; Samuel, 4 Nov., 
1676; Mary, 3 Sept, 1678; Mercy, 10 July, 1679; Reliance, 27 August, 
1681; Benjamin, 18 June, 1682; Jonathan, 30 July, 1684; Hannah, 28 
March, 1687, d. 10 Feb., 1689. 

Samuel Phinney m. Bethiah Phinney ; child, Bethiah, b. 9 July, 1715. 

John Phinney m. Sarah Lumbart, 30 May, 1689; children, Elizabeth, 
b. 11 April, 1690; Mary, 20 Jan, 1692, d. Jan., 1694; John, 8 April, 
1696 ; Thomas, 25 May, 1697 ; Hannah, 8 April, 1700 ; Sarah, 8 October, 
1702; Patience, 12 Sept., 1704; Martha, 12 July, 1706; Jabez, 16 July, 
1708. 

Ebenezer Phinney m. Susannah Linnel, 14 Nov., 1695; children, 
Mehitable, b. 14 Aug., 1696; Mary, 23 March, 1698; Martha, 22 April, 
1700; Samuel, 1 April, 1702 ; Ebenezer, 26 May, 1708; David, 10 June, 
1710. 



1849.] Firii SettUrs of Barnitable. 275 

Benjamin Phinnbt m. Martha Crocker, June, 1709; children, Tem- 
perance, I.. 2$ March, 1710; Melatiah, 26 July, 1712; Barnabas, 28 March, 
1715; Silas, 16 June, L718, d. May, L720; Zacchus, 1 Aug., 1720; Seth, 

27 June, 17-2:5. 

Jonathan Phinnet m Elizabeth ; children, Thankful, b. 24 Dec., 

1718; Joseph, 2 1 Jan., L716; Jonathan, 22 Sept, 17 is. 

Thomas Phinnet m. Widow Sarah Beettley, 25 Aug., I hildren, 

Gershom, b. 25 March, L 699-1700; Thomas, 17 Feb., 1702 3; \ I, 8 
rJiinc, 17<> I; James, 15 April, L706; Mercy. 2 1 Aug., 17' 

Rev, Jonathan Russel hi. .Mary Otis, 1725; child, John, b. 30 June, 
L780. 

John Russel m, Elizabeth Bridgelain, L754; child, Jonathan, 1>. 17 
May, 1756. 

John Rogers m. Elizabeth Williams, 2 1 June, 1696. 

Benjamin Shelly do. Alice Goods peed, 8 Aug., 1705; children, Jo- 
seph, b. 2'.) .Inly, 17<»<; ; Thankful, Dec, L707 ; Lydia, I . 171.;. 

Joseph Si icy, i>. 22 Sept., 17<m;. 

Joseph Smith m. Reliance Crocker, 5 Oct, 171.*'.; children, Lydia, b. 

17 An-, 1711; Abigail, 21 July, 1716; Joseph, 31 July. 17 is. 
Samuel Smith m. Mary ; child, Mary, b. •"' Sept, 17 I 

Joseph Smith m. Anna Fuller, 29 April, 1689, who d. 2 July, 1722; 
children, Susannah, !>. 12 Jan., 1689-90; Joseph, 28 Oct, 1691; Jam J, 

18 Dec, 1693; Ann, 8 Nov/, L695; Matthias, 1" July, L697; Ebene: , 

21 March, 1698-9, d. 27 May,1699; Daniel, 11 April, 1700; David, 21 
May, 1702; Elizabeth, 19 April. 17<»; : Thomas, 6 Feb., 17 . .Mary, 

22 Dec , 17<)7,(1. 16 Sept, 1728; Jemima, 'J Nun., 1709; Benjamin, 5 
Dec , 1711 ; Ebenezer, 26 Sept., 1711. 

Jonathan Sparrow m. Sarah Cob, 23 Nov., 16 

Nathaniel Stone m. Reliance Hinckley. 15 Dec, 

Edward Sturgis m. ; children, Susannah, b. 10 May, 17 >; 

Abigail, 9 Sept., 1712. 

Thomas Sturgis m. Mrs. Martha Russel, 26 Dec 1717; children, 
Martha, b. 19 Nov., 1718; Elizabeth, 12 June, 1721, .1 22 August, 1721; 
Thomas, 22 July, 1722; Elizabeth, 26 Aug., 172.'); Rebecca, 9 Oct, 1727 ; 
Jonathan, 17 June, 1730; Abigail, 22 July, 17.">2; Hannah, 2 1 Aug., 1735. 

1>\ w Tavi.t.i: in. ; children, Mary. 1» 23 July, 1711 ; Isaac, 

28 June, 1715 ; Josiah, 17 Dec, 1717; Experience, 20 Aug., 172"; Thank- 
ful, 1:5 March, 1722; Ebenezer, 1:5 May, 1721; Mercy, 3 March, 1727. 

Jasper Tatler m. Hannah Fittsrandle, 6 Nov.. 1668; children, John, 
b. 28 Jan, 1670, d. 9 Feb., L670; Mercy, 6 Nov., 1671; Hope, 24 Oct., 
1674; Seth, 5 Sept., L677; John, 21 March, 1680; Elenor, 6 April. 1682, 
d. 26 April, 1682; Jasper, 29 April. 1684. 

Jacob Tatler m. Rebecca Weeks, 2'.) May, 1G93; children, Hannah, 
b. 18 Jan., 1694-5; Rebecca. 27 May, 1697. 

[Page 84 reads Lozaia, dan. of Isaac Chapman, but should be Lydia. 
Same page, Lozaia, dam of Joseph Davis, should be Lydia.] 



276 Burial Inscriptions in Salem, Mass. [J u ty> 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE BURYING- GROUNDS IN SALEM, 

MASS. 

[from the burying-ground on the hill.] 

Here lyes buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Bacon, wife to Mr. Samuel 
Bacon, aged 59 years, she died June y e 17th, 1753. 

Here lyes buried the Body of Mrs. Anne Bacon, wife to Mr. Samuel 
Bacon, who departed this Life May y e 10th, 1761, in ,y e 43d year of her 
age. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mr. Samuel Bacon, who departed this Life 
July 29th, 1765, in y e 56th year of his age. 

Susanna, Daw*, to Mr. George and Mrs. Elizabeth Bickford, who died 
Novera r . the 5th 1738 in [ ] 

Hi j re lyes Buried the Body of Mr. George Bickford, who departed this 
Life on May the 30th, 1760, aged 61 years. 

Here lies Buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Bickford, wife of Deacon 
John Bickford, who died October the 22d 1760, aged 61 years. 

Mary Brewer, Dau*. of Mr. Thomas & Mrs. Mary Brewer, Died Jan y . 
18th, 1754, aged 13 years. 

Here lie Interred the Bodies of Mrs. Mary Cabot, the wife of Mr. Fran- 
cis Cabot, who died June 18, 1756, aged 32 years. 

Hear lies the body of Gibson Clough, son to Ebene r . and Ann Clough, 
w T ho departed this life August the 1 Day, aged 12 years, 1736. 

Here lies the body of John Clough, son of Ebenezer and Ann Clough, 
how died Aprel the 13 day, aged six years, 1750. And Also Susanna 
Clough, dafter to William & Susanna Clough, aged Five months; died 
Novembr the 24th, 1750. 

Here Lies Buried the Body of Mr. Joseph Clough, who Departed this 
Life April the 13th, 1766, aged 57 years and 8 months. 

Here lyes the Body of Capt. Thomas Eden, who departed this Life, 
July the 1st, 1768, in the 45th year of his age. 

William Eppes, Esq. died Oct. y e 1st 1756, aged 39 years. 

Jonathan son to Joseph & Experience Flint, aged 5 weeks, died Feb. 
17th, 1702. 

Here Lyes the Body of Benjamin Flint, who died y e 28th of Dec r . 1732 
in y e 54th year of his age. 

Here lyes buried y e body of Mrs. Elizabeth Foster, wife to Capt. John 
Foster, who departed this Life March y e 6th, 1752, aged 26 years. 

Here lyes the Body of Mrs. Eliz a . Gardner, Dau*. to Capt. John Gardner 
& Elizabeth his wife, she died April 20th, 1754, in the 21st year of her 
age. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Gardner, the wife of Mr. 
John Gardner, she died May 24th, 1755, in the 27th year of her age. 

Here lies buried the body of Mrs. Mary Gavet, wife to Mr Joseph Ga- 
vet, aged 43 years, Dec' d . June the 11th, 1743. 

Here lies the Body of Martha, the wife of Benjamin Goodhue, who died 
9th Sept r . 1769, Aged 58 years. 

Here lies y e body of Mrs. Elizabeth Hayward, wife of Mr. Josiah Hay- 
ward, who died Jan y . 1st, 1767 in y e 34th year of her age. 

Here lyes y e body of Mr. Gabriel Holman, who departed this Life July 
the 9th, 1756, in the 42d j^ear of his age. 

Here Lyes the Body of Mr. John Holman, son of Mr. Gabriel & Mrs. 



1649.] Burial Inscriptions in Salon, Mass* 277 

Elizabeth Holman, who departed this Life August y p L3th, 1767, In the 
24th year of his age. 

Here lies Interred the Body of Mrs Sarah Holman, the Virtuous Con- 
Bori of Mr. Gabriel Holman, who departed this Life April the 21st, 177.'!, 
aged 3 1 years. 

Judith, wife of E. A. Holyoke, Esq. died Nov*, y* 19th, 1756, aged 19 

years. 

Here lies y'' body of Francis Joseph, son of Mr. Francis & Mrs .Alary 
Joseph, died Jan 17 . 17th, 1767, aged 1 years 11 mo. 

Tabitha King, daug 1 . of Mr. Dan 1 . & Eliza'th King, born Octobr 18th, 
1732, Died Sept*". 5th, 1737. 

Here lies [nterred the Remains of Elizabeth King, wife of Daniel King, 
who departed this Life August the 13th 1766, Aged 60 years. 

Here lyes iutci'M y* body of Mr. Robert Kitchen, who departed this Life 
Oct r . y" 28th, 1712, -ffitatis 56. 

Here lyes interr'd the Body of Robert Kitchen, son Mr. Robert & Mrs. 
Bethia Kitchen, and student of Harvard College in Cambridge, aged 17 
years, departed this Life, Septr. the 20th, 171<>. 

Robt. Kitchen, horn Octo*. v Nt. 1735. Dec* DecP. f 20th, 1736. 

Mary Kin-Inn, born ()ct r . y e 2d, 1731, Dec d . Oct. y" 28th, 1788. 

Here lyeth Interred the lnnly of .Mr-. Fleck Kitchen, wile to Edward 

Kitchen, Esq. And Daughter To the Honorable Josiah Wblcott, Esq. who 
departed this Life .January 17th, 17 1<i-7, aged ."< 1 years. 

Here lies buried the body of Edward Kitchen, Esq. who departed this 
Life August the 17th, 17»»<». aged <><*. years. 

Mary Lambert, Aged 3 years and 7 mo Died Sept y* 1th, 17' 

Ebenezer Lambert, aged 1 year & 10 mo. Died Sept y e 21st, 1702. 

Here lyeth y Body of Martha Lee, DauVof Thomas & Mrs. Deborah 
Lee, aged 20 years, who died October y - 20th, 1721. 

Here lye the Bodies of Timothy Lindall, Esq. Aged 82 years. D 
October 25th, Anno Dommini 1760, 

Bethia, his wife, aged 31 years. Deceased June 20th, Anno Domini 
1720. 

Mary, wife of Timothy Lindall, aged 80 years. D» I February 8th, 

Anno Domini 17C>7. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Mackey, wife of Capt. 
Daniel Mackey, Died July 20, 1701, Aged 36 years. 

Here lyes Interred y e Body of Mrs. Mehetahle Mar-ton, wife to Benja- 
min Mars ton, Esq. and Daur. to y e late Rev' 11 Mr. Henry Gibbs of Water- 
town, who departed this Lite August y° 21st, 1727. in y € 22d year of her 
age. 

Here lyes Interred the body of Mrs. Patienee Marston, Relict of Mr. 
Benjamin Marston, late of Salem, Merch* Dec'd. she departed this life 
the 22d day of May, 1731, Aged 55 years and 9 days. 

Here lies y e Body of Winslow Marston, son of Col nl . Benjamin Marston, 
Esq & and Mrs. Elizabeth his wife Died Sept. y c 6th, 177)7), aged years. 

In memory of John Marston, the second son of Benj a . Marston, Esq. & 
Mrs. Elizabeth Marston. He died April 2"2d, 1761, in his 21st year, and 
is here buried. 

Here lie reposited in hope of a ressurrection to an Immortal Life, the 
Remains of Madam Elizabeth Marston, the wife of the hon'b le . Benjamin 
Marston, Esq. once of this place, and daughter of the hon ble . Isaac Winslow, 
Esq. of Marshiield. she died September 20th, 1761, in her 53d year. 



278 Surnames. [July? 

Here lies the Body of David Neeal, son of Mr. David & Mrs. Hannah 
Neeal, aged 1 year & 10 mo. Died August y e 1st, 1754. 

Here lyes the Body of John Norman, who died May y e 6th, 1713, in y e 
77th year of his Age. 

Here lyes y e Body of Mary Norman, who died Octo br . 24th, 1713, Aged 
68. 

Here lyeth buried y e body of Leut. John Pickering. Dec'd. y e 5th of 
May, 1694, in y e 57th year of his age. 

Here lies buried y e body of Mrs Sarah Pickering, widow of Mr. John 
Pickering. Died Dec r . y e 27th, 1714. 

Here's interr'd y e body of Mr. John Pickering, who died June 9th, A. 
Dom. 1732, ^Etatisq ; 64. 

Elizabeth, wife of Sam 1 . Pickman, Esq. died Decern 1 " y e 16th, 1761, Aged 
47. 

Samuel Porter, son of y e Rev d . Mr. Aaron Porter & Susannah his wife, 
died Octob r . y e 16th, 1728, Aged 7 years. 

Here lyes inter'd y e remains of Mr. Thomas Robie, born at Boston, Ed- 
ucated in Harvard College, of which for severall years he was a Fellow. 
Practised Physick in this town, where he died on y e 28th of August, 1729, 
in the 41st year of his age. 

Also William Robie, y e son of Thomas and Mehitabel Robie, who died 
Nov ber . y e 22d, 1730, in y e 6th year of his age. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of Mr. Nathaniel Ropes, who Departed this 
Life Octob r . y e 22d, Anno Dom'i. 1752, JStatis 60. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mr. Nathaniel Swasey, who died Novem 1 ". 
y e 11th, 1762, in the 45th year of his age. 

Here lyeth y c body of Daniel Weld, aged 11 months, died March [ 
1701. 

Here lyeth buried y e Body of Dr. Edward Weld, Aged 36 years. Dec'd 
October y e 3d, 1702/ 

Here lyes y e body of Bethyah Weld. Died October y e 24th, 1719, in y e 
70th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y c Body of Elizabeth West, wife to Henry West, aged 50 
years, dyed 26th August, 1691. 

Here lyes Buried y e Body of Mrs. Esther West, wife to Mr. Samuel 
West, who Departed this Life, Feb 7 . 14th, Anno Dom. 1743-4, Aged 41 
years, 7 months & 9 D's. 



SURNAMES. 

Many of the inhabitants of this country being descended from the early 
Dutch settlers, a few remarks concerning their surnames may not be with- 
out interest. 

A common prefix to Dutch family names is the word "de" which is here 
generally supposed to mean of, and to denote a French extraction. This 
is, however, incorrect, it being in the former language the article "the" as, 
for example, — de Wit, the White; de Bruyn, the Brown; de Kock, the 
Cook; de Jong, the Young; de Koster, the Sexton; de Vries, the Frisian; 
de Waal, the Walloon, etc., synonymous with our English names White, 
Brown, Cook, Young, &c. 

It is also prefixed, in its different genders and cases, as, — 't Hooft, (het 
Hoofdj the Head; J. in 't Veld (in het Veld) J. in the Field; F. L. der 



L849.] Spirit of ? 7<i. 

Kinderen, F. L of the Children ; ran der Elegge, of the nedge ; van den 
Berg, of ili" Hill ; uil den Boogaard, "'it or from the Orchard ; equivalenl 
in our I [ead, Field, etc 

! . ten, and ter, meaning at or to, are as, — te ^ ater, at 

ili.' Water; ten Heugel, at the Hill; ter Winkel, at the Shop. 

The Dutch preposition vctn befpre family names answers t • • the F 
u de" "<>/" and was in early times seldom borne hut by nobles, being | laci '1 
before the names of their castles or i 

In later days, however, when family names came n nerallj 

. many added to their Christian nam< i their pit 
which were retained as family names ; as van Gent, ol G it; van I'> 
of Berne; van den Haag, of the Hague; van Cleef, of CI van Buren, 

of Buren. This latter i- derived from the village of Buren, in Gelderland. 
Ii was formerly a domain <»i the Princes of Orai N i, and man] 
tin -in bore ili'- till'-' ( its of Buren Our Ex-Pi nriirj i-. 

however, in nowise related to them; bis dame prob 
his ancestor bavins hailed from thai town. B. II P. 



SPIRIT OF '7 

[Communicated by Ma. Thomas Watibmaw 

The folio* inL r document contains "Instructions" to a I tative in 

tin- Mnssacbusi G eral Court is to the national declaration of 

[ndependen The Representative thus instructed w I I. bem 

Harnden, who died in 1786. The author of the u Ii ns w i- said 

have been Rev. Peter Thatcher, who settled in Maiden in 177 . 
missed in 178 I. became pastor of Brattl< S I i burch in 1'. 12, 

. and di( d Dec. L6, L802. 

INSTRUCTIONS OF THE Town OF MALDEN To THEIR 
REPRESENTATIVE, PASSED MAY 27 1776. 



Sir 

A resolution of the late Honorable Horn R calling 

upon the several Town- in this Colony to pxpi ir minds, with r< sp 

to the important question of riLirtlCC, is the occasion 

of our now instructing you. 

The time was, Sir, when we loved the King and the People of Great 
Britain with an affection truly filial, we felt ourselves interested in ll 
glory, we shared in their joys and sorrows, we cheerfully poured the fruit 
of all our labours into the lap of our Mother Country, and without rel 
tance expended our blood and our treasure in their can-.'. These were our 
sentiments towards Great Britain: while she continued to act the part of a 
parent State we felt ourselves happy in our connection with 1 wished 

it to be dissolved. But our sentiments are altered, it is now the ardent 
wish o\' ourselves, that America may become FREE am> INDEPEND- 
ENT STATES. A sense of unprovoked injuries will arouse the resent- 
ment of the most peaceful, such injuries these Colonies have received from 
Britain. Unjustifiable claims have been made by the King and his min- 
ions, to tax ns without our consent These claims have been prosecuted in 
a manner cruel and unjust to the highest degree; the frantic policy of Ad- 
ministration hath induced them to send Fleets and Armies to America, that 



280 Spirit of '76. [July, 

by depriving us of our trade and cutting the throats of our brethren they 
might awe us into submission and erect a system of despotism which should 
so far enlarge the influence of the Crown as to enable it to rivet their 
shackles upon the people of Great Britain. This was brought to a crisis 
upon the ever memorable nineteenth of April, we remember the fatal day 
— the expiring groans of our murdered Countrymen yet vibrate on our 
ears!! we now behold the flames of their peaceful dwellings ascending to 
heaven, we hear their blood crying to us from the ground VENGEANCE, 
and charging us as we value the peace of their manes, to have no further 
connection with a King, who can unfeelingly hear of the slaughter of his 
subjects, and composedly sleep with their blood upon his soul. The man- 
ner in which the War has been prosecuted has confirmed us in these senti- 
ments; Piracy and Murder, — robbery and breach of faith have been con- 
spicuous in the conduct of the K'ng's Troops, defenceless Towns have been 
attacked and destroyed, — the ruins of Charlestown which are daily in our 
view, daily remind us of this. The cries of the Widow and the Orphan 
demand our attention, they demand that the hand of pity should wipe the 
tears from their eyes and that the sword of their Country should avenge 
their wrongs. We long entertained hopes that the spirit of the British 
Nation would once more induce them to assert their own and our rights, 
and bring to condign punishment, the elevated villains who have trampled 
upon the sacred rights of men, and affronted the majesty of the People. 
We hoped in vain. They have lost their love to freedom ; they have lost 
their spirit of just resentment. We therefore renounce with disdain our 
connection with a kingdom of Slaves; we bid a final adieu to Britain. 
Could an accommodation be now effected, we have reason to think that it 
would be fatal to the liberties of America, — we should soon catch the con- 
tagion of venality and dissipation, which has subjected Britain to lawless 
domination: Were we placed in the situation we were in in the year 1773; 
were the powers of appointing to office and commanding the Militia, in the 
hands of Governors, our arts, trade, and manufactures would be cramped; 
nay, more than this, the life of every man who has been active in the cause 
of his Country would be endangered. For these reasons, as well as many 
others which might be produced, we are confirmed in the opinion that the 
present age will be deficient in their duty to GOD, their posterity, and 
themselves, if they do not establish an AMERICAN REPUBLIC: This 
is the only form of Government which we wish to see established, for we 
can never willingly be subject to any other King, than He, who being pos- 
sessed of infinite wisdom, goodness and rectitude, is alone fit to possess un- 
limited power. 

We have freely spoken our sentiments upon this important subject; but 
we mean not to dictate. — we have unbounded confidence in the wisdom and 
uprightness of the Continental Congress; with pleasure we recollect that 
this affair is under their direction: — and we now instruct you, Sir, to give 
them the strongest assurance that if they should declare America to be a 
Free and Independent Republic, your constituents will support and defend 
the measure, to the 

LAST DROP OF THEIR BLOOD and the LAST FARTHING 

OF THEIR TREASURE. 



1849.] .V ;. Publii 281 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

7V/'- Year's Remembrances. A Discourse delivered in tin- Meeting- 
House of the First Parish in Cambridge, on Sunday, December 81, 1848. 
By William Newell, Pastor of the First Church in Cambridge. ( im- 
bridge: Metcalf & Co., Printers to the University. 1849. 8vo. pp. I , 

This i> another <>f tl: abduing eloquent 

which Mr. Newell is so remarkable. 

The pa t year iras one of uncommon mortality in < lambridge g children 

and youth, nearly two thirds of the deaths thai 1 in M 

from their number; " a proportion much gi lystheR 'than in any 

form one, of my ministry. It base! with th< pa* 

rental bereavement. A> it passes away I again bear a funeral Man that 

is born of woman i> of few <l.i\ - and full of troul le. I le com< lb I ■• tb 
cut down. A> for man. his days b As b Bowt rof t 

the wind passcth over it and it i-> pone; and the 

I hear also anotl from Heaven, — - Suffer l a to 

come unto me, and forbid tin m not ; for of su< h is the K 
that were cut down shall bloom again in my pi 
they shall die no more. 1 

■ Ti Death, 

\n I with hi- !i. 

He i 
And the flowers that gron I 

• ]| 

II • l their drooping l< ai 
It was for the Lord of I'm 
II-- bound them In 

The Re iper sal 1 and imlled ; 

Dear tokens of tl artb are they, 

Where n b a child. 

• Thej ■hall aU bloom In Heidi 

re, 
An i Saints up "i thi ir ; omenta « 
These sacred 

own congregation,* 1 says Mr. N< well, "although the nui is nor 

been much greater than usual, there have been some very Bevere and affecting cases of do- 
mestic bereavement Eight out of the eightei n who have been taken from us were from 
four families, who have thus been taught by double and quick-succeeding afflictions the 
u which is usually repeated only at long intervals." 
We give the names, date of decease, and ages, of those whose deaths arecommemo 
in this elegant obituary. 

Joseph Starr}-, son of Josiah X. Marshall, Match 10, aged 19, of typhus fever. 

John, { .... • i i i> \ June I, " .">, ) .... 

v , ^ children of John Brewster. .. - » scarlet fever. 

crank, \ ( > . 3, ) 

Bamuel Stedman, " 18, 53, typhus fever. 
Charles Gordon, & Samuel Hutchins, 30, 6, disease of the brain. 
Mary Frances, daughter of James Kent, Aug. 21, u 16 mo., dysentery. 
♦Mary Emilia Elizabeth, widow of the late Timo- 
thy L. Jennison, M. 1)., " 23, " 

1 This lady was the daughter of Hon. Jokathah Bki.cher. who was born in Huston. July 2". 17h>. 
graduated at Harvard College in 172s. studied Law at the Temple, in London, attained Borne eminenee at 
the English bar, married, in Boston, in lT.'ti. the Bister of Jeremiah Allen. Sheriff of Suffolk, and sul 
qucntlv removed to Chehucto, now Halifax, where, in 1760, he was appointed Lieutenant rof NoTa 

i. and in lT'U Chief-Justice of the same Province, and where he died, March 2'.'. 177*". He 

was the second Bon of Hun. Jonathan Belcher, who was born Jan. B, 1682. graduated at Harvard College 
in 1699, spont six years in travel in Europe, returned to Boston, married Mary, daughter of Lieut. Gov. 
William Partridge, (who died Oct. G. 1736.) was a member Of the Provincial Assembly and. a frer war. is. df the 
Council, was sent to Kngland as agent of the Province in 1729, was appointed, by the King, Governorof 
Bfi Bachusetts and New Hampshire, Nov. 29, 172i». arrived at Boston with his Commission, Aug. 1 |( . 1730, 
was superseded in office, after a stormy administration, by Benning fTentworth, in New Hampshire, and 
William Shirley, in Massachusetts, in the year 1741. was appointed Governor ofNew Jersey, on the death 
of Hamilton, in 1747. in which office he continued until his death, which occurred at Elisabethtown, Aug. 31, 
1757. His remains were brought to Cambridge, and deposited in a tomb, which is not only entirely desti- 
tute of an inscription, but, what is yet more surprising and lamentable, has not even a stone to show that 

18 



282 



Notices of New Publications. 



[July, 



Sept. 


4, 


u 


21 mo., dysentery. 


u 


18, 


u 


9 » 


a 


19, 


u 


38, typhus fever. 


Oct. 


3, 


a 


52, disease of the brain. 


u 
u 


13, 
21, 


a 
(I 


, ,' > dysentery. 
11 mo., ) J 


u 


16, 


a 


1 1 mo., " 


u 


18, 


U 


67. 


Nov. 


28, 


(( 


82. 


Dec. 


16, 


a 


11. 


u 


21, 


u 


90. 



John, son of John Davenport, Jr., 
John Atkins, son of John Read, 
Margaret P., wife of John A. Fulton, 
*Eliza N., wife of Nathan Rice, 

Rebecca L. ) children of William J. Cove, 

Georgiana h , ) ' ' 

Lizzie Brown, daughter of E. A. Chapman, 

t Samuel Sheafe Willard, 

John Davenport, 

Sarah Peirce, daughter of George Nichols, 

Jonathan Derby Robins. 

The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, in Neiv England, in 1620 : 
Reprinted from the Original Volume. With Historical and Local Illus- 
trations of Providences, Principles, and Persons: By George B. Cmeever, 
D. D. New York: Published by John Wiley, 161 Broadway, and 13 Pa- 
ternoster Row, London. 12mo. 1848. pp. ix, 369. 

The above title, as has been justly observed by a writer in the Evening Transcript, is cal- 
culated greatly to mislead the casual observer, and to convey the impression that a new 
discovery has been made in the fields of historical literature, a new treasure brought forth 
from amid the accumulated dust and rubbish of two centuries. Indeed, it may reasonably 
be doubted whether any one would ever imagine, that in this imposing volume he beheld 
merely a new version of what is usually, but erroneously, called " Mourt's Relation," a 
work well known to every student of New England history. Yet such is the indubitable 
fact ; and we here have a handsomely executed reprint of the earliest publication respecting 
Plymouth Colony, containing a minute detail of the events attending its first settlement, 
from the arrival of the May Flower at Cape Cod, Nov. 9. 1620, to Dec. 11, 1621, penned 
by the actors themselves. The manuscript of this journal, or relation, Avas probably sent 
to England by Mr. Cushman, who sailed from Plymouth, in the Fortune, Dec. 13. 1621, 
and was printed in London, in a small quarto volume, of some eighty pages, in 1622, with 
an introductory address ' ; to the reader," signed by "G Mourt," a manifest corruption for 
G. Morton. An abridgment of the original work was published by Purchas, in his Pil- 
grims, in 1625. This abridgment was printed many years since in the Massachusetts 
Historical Collections; and at a much more recent date, the omitted portions were also 
printed in the same work. The first complete reprint of the original tract was given by 
Rev. Dr. Young, in his " Chronicles of the Pjlgrisi Fathers," published at Eoston, 
in 1844. To the rich stores of information contained in Dr. Young's able annotations 
upon the early narratives of the Pilgrims, Dr. Cheevcr readily acknowledges his indebted- 
ness. Indeed, but little is to be gleaned in any field over which Dr. Young has once 
passed ; it is well nigh a hopeless task for any subsequent explorer to endeavor to pick up 
a single grain wherewith to grace his own basket — he finds nothing but chaff. 

We have spoken of Dr. Cheever's edition of the " Relation " as a handsomely executed 
reprint. It is. truly, a beautiful book, so far as regards mechanical execution highly 
creditable to the taste both of editor and publisher. The " Historical and Local Illustra- 
tions," too, which occupy more than two thirds of the work, abound — we are willing and 



there is any tomb there; the very existence of which is now known to but few persons Gov. Pe'cher 
was the only son of Hon. Andrew Belcher, who was bora in Cambridge, Jan. 19, 1647, removed to Boston, 
where he became the most opulent merchant of his time, " an ornament and blessing; to his country," 
was a Captain, an Assistant, one of the Council of Safety in 1689, and a Counsellor from 1702 till his death, 
Oct. 31, 1717, at the age of 70. This last was the son of Andrew Belcher, of Sudbury, in 1640, and of 
Cambridge in 1646, a member of the Church and the Artillery Company, who married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Nicholas Danforth. and was the first to whom leave was granted by the " Townsmen to sell beer 
and bread, for entertainment of strangers, and the good of the Town.' - Nothing remains to designate his 
last resting-place but a foot-stone, by the side of that of his wife Elizabeth, (who died June 26, 1680, aged 
62 years,) bearing the initials " A. B." 

* Sept. 18, 184«, died Caroline P., wife of the Rev. John F. W. Ware, of this City, and daughter of Na- 
than Bice, aged 28. Sept. 26th, died, at the residence of Nathan Bice, of this City, Mrs. Desire Lincoln, 
relict of Dr. Levi Lincoln, of Hingham, aged 78. Oct. 3d, died, at Hingham, at the residence of Mrs. Jai- 
rus Leavitt, Mrs. Eliza N. Rice, wife of Nathan Rice, of this City, and daughter of the late Dr. Levi Lin- 
coln, of Hingham, aged 52. 

" Lovely and pleasant in their lives, in their death they were not divided." 

See Cambridge Chronicle, for Thursday, Oct. 12, 1S48. 

t He was a son of Rev. Joseph Willard, President of Harvard College from Dec. 19, 1781, till his death, 
Sept. 25, 1804 ; who was son of Rev. Samuel Willard, of Biddeford, Maine ; who was son of John Willard, 
a merchant at Kingston, Jamaica ; who was tie fourth child and second son of Rev. Samuel Willard, Vice- 
President of Harvard College from Sept. 6, 1701, to Aug. 14, 1707 ; which last was the second son of Major 
Simon Willard, successively of Cambridge, Concord, and Groton, who died at Charlestown, April 24, 
1676. 



184!'.) Notice* of X w Publications. 

ready to acknowledge — in beautiful passages, in eloquent expression! of vigorous thought, 
in vivid pictures of a glowing fancy. But here om- praise must Btop ; ami we must < onl 
that, us . i whole, the work is very farfrom receiving our unqualified approval. 
confident, moreover, that our- opinion thereof i- that of nearly every person, in New Eng- 
land, who baa Been and examined the work. The objections against it are twofold. ha\ ing 
reference both to its manner ami matter. And first, of its manner, or method, of internal 
arrangement. 

The original work may be considered as divided into three part-, namely, the introduc- 
tory portion, tin- Journal proper, ami tin' appendix or conclusion. Ami each of these i I 
ural divisions is again subdivided into smaller ones. Thus, the introductory portio 
composed of the address " To the Readei ." Bigi I r. Mourt," a letter from Mr I 

man " to In- much respected fi iend " Mr. John Pierce, ami .John Robinson's parting letti r 

of advice to tin- Pilgrims. The Journal proper is divided into several part-, each of which 

forms a distinct ami complete narrative of some period or event in the , arly history of 
Colonists, as, for instance, the annals of the settlement from the arrival at ( 
March 23, 1621 ; then an account of • A Journey to Packanokik," in .Jul. 
narrative of •• .\ Voyage to the Kingdome •>( Nauset,* 1 which i- followed by the accoui 
"A Journey to the Kingdome <»t Namaschct," in the month of Angus! ; and the Jou 
concludes with "a Relation of om- Voyage to the Massachusetts," in September. Next 
comes ji. letter from Edward Win-low to some friend (perhaps George Morton) in Bngla 
and the volume closes with Robert Cushman's "I! considerations touching the 

lawful nesse of removing out of England into the parts of America.* 1 Now what 
has Dr. Cheever pursued with regard to th< d divisional II 1 . i preserved I 

it is true, exactly a- in the original; hut he has inserted between every two tn a 

summary argument, an introductory and explanatory chapter, relative to the subje< I ■ •: tiie 
next following division of the work! \< this, we would ask, preserving the integrity oi 
original ' I- this giving us a faithful reprint of a historical work ! No one will da 

urer in the affirmative. No' it is a scandalous way to reprint any hook, mo, 
lally a historical treatise, whose great value must always depend upon the faithfulness 
I with which the original is followed. It i- n Btyle of reproduction against which we most 
kfltrenuously protest. It is hut second-rate Vandalism. <'i\'' us am. print of the 

I original, with no addition save thai of note- at the bottom of the page, or at the end i ■ 
J work, in the shape of an appendix; and let the authorship of these be distinctly made 
k known, that no doubts may arise in the mind of the reader on thi Dr. ( 

I explanatory pages might and should have been reduced to the form ot n 
I placed at the end « if the hook ; hut never, never, should they ha d in I etv 

I the natural divisions of the text. It i- altogether too much the fashion, i 

■1 certain class of editors, (who, we arc sorry to -ay it, arc usually clergymen,) to ivi; 
II their originals after their own fancies. We openly and loudly denounce all Buch ed 
|we utterly condemn such pretended reprint-, a- a fraud upon the community. 
Bthe works of Dr. Young, who deservedly rank- bo high as an editor ami annotator, 

ilentirely free from censure on this point We Consider It a sad mi-take, and 01 'y to 

Ibe regretted, that he should have seen tit to divide his valuable and interesting " Chi 
rlcles"" into chapters, when no such divisions existed, generally, in the original docum 

from which they were compiled. 

Having spoken of the internal arrangement of Dr. Cheever's work, we will now - 
few words respecting the matter of which his •• Illustrations " arc composed. And here we 
would remark, that we have not re ml thi- edition of the "Journal/ 1 hut have merely i 
incd it. cursorily: and therefore, according to Sidney Smith, we are the better qualified to 
express our views on the subject under consideration. It has been hinted that there are 
errors of fact in Dr. Cheever's annotations, and we our.-elvcs observed one remarkable 
instance thereof, in the course of our hasty examination ; hut of BUCh we take no note in 
the present case; our criticism has regard to another point. We wish to speak of the fre- 
quency and prolixity with which the reverend editor dwells upon the medal providences^ 
so conspicuous in the early establishment and progress of the Colony at Plymouth. They 
are brought forth upon every and any occasion, in season and out of season, to account 
for Gosnold's visit to Cape Cod in 1602 — for Squanto's captivity and subsequent residence 
in 1 igland — and for the putting back of the Speedwell, to give additional zest to the detail 
of Pierce's disasters, and to enhance the beautiful simplicity of the narrative of the first 
ftst Has any one had the impiety to doubt the all-powerful and all-wise agency of God, 
in the planting this little band of pilgrims upon " the stern and rockbound coast " of New 
England, that Dr Cheever should think it necessary to devote some two hundred pages 
to expository arguments on the subject ? Nay. even allowine; that there was such a ne- 
eessity, is a work of this character — a purely historical narrative — a proper medium for 
the publication of an editor's peculiar religious views, with which the world has not the 
least concern, and for which it cares nothing 1 We contend that it is not — we maintain 
that a historical work should be solely and strictly a historical work, and not a depository 



284 Notices of Neiv Publications. [J u ty> 

for dogmatic theology. If Dr. Chcevcr thought that the public needed instruction on 
this point, that it would be benefited by an elucidation of the remarkable providences 
upon which he dilates with Bach satisfaction, why did he not put forth a separate treatise 
upon the subject, which might have been bought and read by any one who chose to do so, 
and not convert the pages of a historical tract into the means whereby to administer to 
each and every involuntary reader the same unwelcome dose of Pharisaical flummery. 
It is this prodigiously Strong Bavor of a whining and obtrusive sanctity, very pleasant 
to a few, but inexpressibly disgusting to most persons, which renders this book so re- 
pulsive to the lovers of New England history. The New Englanders of the nineteenth 
century, although eminently remarkable lor their thoughtful Beriousness of deportment, 
and comparatively elevated Standard of morality, are not by any means a cant-loving; 
people. The day for the collection and treasuring up of marvellous providences pas 
away with that learned fanatic Cotton Mather. Such things will not go down now, they 
are alike uncongenial to the I the people, and unsuitable to the age in which we 

live. 

Let it not be said that our remarks are dictated by sectarian prejudice. Sectarian 
prejudice! What i> it ' The concentrated essence of unchristian intolerance — a burn- 
ing, blighting, withering, scathing curse to the hearts of all within its influence — the dia- 
bolical embodiment of tl enerOUS passions of human nature- animated by a 
spirit of which the Archfiend himself need not be ashamed ! Thank God, WC harbor it 
not! We abhor it, loathe it. the foulest disgrace of the age, as the damnable 
invention ofaccursed -pirit'. Becking to \ itiate and corrupt, by the virulent infection of their 
own pestilential breath, the souls of frail and erring mortals I Thank God th.U we can 
shake hands with an Episcopalian, that we can call a Baptist, brother, that we can exchange 
the offices of friendship with a Universalist, that we can listen with equal satisfaction to 
the words of truth which fall from the lips ,,f Calvinist or Unitarian ! Thank God that 
the obscurity of our intellectual vision is BO meat as to render it impossible for us to per- 
ceive that a man's M >ul i-. white or black, his heart lame or small, according to the sect 
with which he may be classed; that we are in habits of close intimacy and daily inter- 
course with indiviclua h and every • r, and never yet so much as felt the 
or propriety of washing our hand after it had been clasped by a ( longregationalist, 
before we could extend it to an " < Orthodox ! " We are ready and willing to declare, with 
that superlatively good mai B njamin Column, of Brattle Street, — the most perfect 
model of what a Christian thould be — that we acknowledge no platform but Tin; JJiiile, 
that we will be bound by no i ■ that of universal charity and toleration. 

With such sentiments we have freely given utterance to our candid opinion concerning 
the new edition Of ' Tin JOI BJfAL OE Mil; PlLORIMB," Unbiassed, as we hope and be- 
lieve, by any unworthy motive, and seeking only to present our views of the good and 
bad qualities of the work in question ; setting it down as our firm conviction, that Dr. 
Cheever's edition of ' Mourt's Relation " is not a book suited to the taste of the majority 
of the reading community in New England. 

Catalogue of Vie Officers and Students of Lawrence Academy, [at Gro- 
ton ,] from the time of its incorporation. tfYo. Groton. 1848. pp. 84. 

This is. certainly, the most capital work of the kind which we ever saw. Not to mention 
the neatness and beauty of its typographical execution, but looking at it with the eye of an 
Antiquary alone, it i< superior we think, to any "Triennial" or "Annual" Catalog 
which has ever been published in New England. Prefaced by a brief sketch of the foun- 
dation of the " Groton Academy.'' and of the noble benefactions which induced the as- 
sumption of the name of the " Lawrence Academy," this Catalogue presents us with brief 
notices of the persons, twenty in number, who have filled the office of Preceptor since the 
incorporation of the Institution, lists of the Trustees, Preceptresses, Assistants, and teach- 
ers of music, drawing, and writing, together with the names of all those who have been 
its pupils, arranged in two distinct alphabets, the one for males, the other for females. It 
is in this latter portion of the work — the list of pupils — that the Catalogue of Lawrence 
Academy deserves to be taken as a pattern for all similar publications. The name of 
each male pupil is preceded by the date of his admission to the School, and followed by 
his place of residence while a pupil, and by such particulars as could be obtained respecting 
his subsequent career, together with the date of decease, when known. Most Catalogues 
would have stopped here; or, if they gave the names of the female pupils at all, would 
merely append thereto their then places of residence. But here we find the names of very 
many of the female pupils actually followed by the names and residences of those to whom 
they were eventually joined in marriage ! This would appear incredible, were it not that 
the circumstance is accounted for by the fact, stated in the Introduction, that the compila- 
tion of the Catalogue was the work of a lady. To a lady, then, are we indebted for the 



1840.] 



i / / ' 






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I • 









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M VKHIAG1 - \M» I'l \ I 



M UIR1 

■ I 
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A 

P 

Of 1 \ II 

B 
II April, ii 

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286 



Marriages and Deaths, 



[July, 



Knowles, Capt. Allen H., of Brewster. I 
Mass., 4 April, in Connecticut, to Miss 
Caroline, dau. of John Doane, Esq., i 
of Orleans, Mass. 

Livermore, Mr. Edward M., of Cam- 
bridge, to Miss Julia Cabot, dau. of S. 
P. White, M. D., of New York, 18 April, 
at New York. 

Means, Rev. James H., (Harv. Coll. 
1843.) Pastor of the Second Church in 
Dorchester, 6 June, in Boston, to Miss 
Charlotte A. Johnson, of B. 

Parkman, Samuel, M. D., of Boston, 
(Harv. Coll. 1834,) 7 May, to Miss 
Mary Eliot, dau. of the late Hon. 
Edmund D wight. 

Pease, Mr. David, of Bath, Me., to Eliz- 
abeth A., dau. of F. A. Van Dyke, 
M. D., of Philadelphia, 5 April, at P. 

Pooke, Benjamin Perley, Editor of the 
Bee, to Miss Virginia Dodge, of 
Georgetown, 12 June, at Georgetown. 

Porter, Rev. G. W., Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, Dorchester, 9 April, in Bobton, 
to Miss Elizabeth Eustis Langdon, 
of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Preble, Abram, Esq., of Bowdoinham, 
Me., to Miss Jerusha Polley of Ban- 
gor, 6 May, in Topsham. 

Raymond, Mr. Curtis B., 29 Mar., at St. 
Thomas's Church, New York, to Miss 
Lydia N. Osgood, both of Boston, 
Mass. 

Ritchie, Harrison, Esq., of Boston. 
(Harv. Coll. 1845,) in New York, 3 May, 
to Miss Mary, dau. of Frederick Shel- 
don. 

Rives, William C, Jr., to Miss Grace 
W. Sears, 15 May, in Boston. 

Robinson, John H., M. D., of Charles- 
town, 18 April, to Miss Mary E. 
Waite, of Leicester, Mass. 

Rogers, William B., Esq.. of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, to Miss Emma, 
eldest dau. of Hon. James Savage, LL.D., 
of Boston, 20 June. 

Sargent, Henry, M. D., of Worcester, 
30 April, in Cambridge, to Miss Cath- 
arine Dean, dau. of the late Asa Whit- 
ney, Esq., of Boston. 

Sears, Mr. David, Jr., of Boston, to 
Miss Emily E., dau. of the late Goold 
Hoyt of New Y r ork, 29 May, at N. Y. 

Swett, Mr. H. W. to Miss Maria Lou- 
isa Kent, 22 March, at New York, both 
of Boston. 

Thatcher, Mr. Peter, Jr., to Miss 
Sarah Adams Estabrook, G May, at 
West Cambridge. 

Twitchell, George B., M. D., of Keene, 
N. H., 11 April, in Boston, to Miss 
Susan E., only dau. of Gideon F. 
Thayer, Esq., of Boston. 

Vinton, Mr. C. M., of Jamaica Plains, 
Roxbury, 29 March, in Boston, to Miss 
Anne Bell, dau. of the late Stephen 
Badlam, Esq., of Boston. 



Wainwright, Lt. Richard, TJ. S. N-, 
to Sally Franklin, dau. of the late 
Richard Bache, Esq., of Philadelphia, 7 
March, at Washington, D. C. 

Washburn, Alexander C, Esq., (Harv. 
Coll. 1839.) in Roxbury, 7 May, to Miss 
Ellen M., dau. of the late Hon. John 
Bailey. 

Whitcomb, Mr. John D , to Miss Mary 
Gibson, 8 March, both of Boston. 

Willard, Paul, Jr., Esq., of Charles- 
town, (Harv. Coll. 1845.) 9 April, in 
Boston, to Miss Maria Louisa, dau. of 
Samuel F. McCleary, Esq., City Clerk 
of Boston. 

Woodman, Mr. George, Dorchester, to 
Miss Lucy A. R., dau. of Joseph Howe, 
Esq., of Dorchester, 2 May. 



DEATHS. 

Adams, Mr. John, Hartford, Susquehan- 
nah Co., Pa., 27 Feb, ae. 105; a native 
of Worcester, Mass., and for some time 
a resident of Mcnotomy, now West Cam- 
bridge. 

Adams, Mr. John, in New Orleans, 5 
March, ae. 35. He was a native of West 
Cambridge ; and his death was caused 
by injuries received at a fire, in the dis- 
charge of his duties as First Assistant 
Foreman of Perseverance Fire Compa- 
ny, No. 13. 

Adams, Mrs. Persis. Cambridgeport, 8 
March, ae. 78, formerly of Med way. 

Adams, Mrs. Rebecca, Medford, 24 Feb., 

33. 79. 

Almy. Mrs. Mary, Aurora, Cayuga Co., 
N. Y., in June. ae. 97 ; formerly of West- 
port, Ms., widow of William Almy. 

Appling, Capt. John, Carver, 29 May, 
ae. 92; a soldier of the Revolution, and 
oldest inhabitant of Carver. 

Apthorp, John Trecothick, Esq., Bos- 
ton, 8 April, ae. 79. 

Ashley, Maj. William, Sheffield, se. 76. 
The Berkshire Courier thus notices 
the death of the late Maj. William Ash- 
ley, of Sheffield : 

Major Ashley is descended from a long 
line of distinguished ancestors. The 
grandfather of Major Ashley, the late 
Col. John Ashley, was a son of David 
Ashley, of Westfield. Col. Ashley came 
to this town as early as 1725, and located 
himself in the beautiful valley of the 
Housatonic, where he continued to re- 
side until his death. His son, the late 
Major- General John Ashley, was the fa- 
ther of the deceased, and died in 1799. 
Col. Ashley was the first lawyer that 
settled in the county, and both the father 
and grandfather were distinguished by 
many offices of trust, civil and military, 
which they discharged with great satis- 
faction to the public. Major Ashley 



1840.] 



Marriages and Deaths. 



287 



graduate! at Harvard College, 1793; 
married a daughter of the late Judge 
Hillyer, of Connecticut, who still Bur- 
vives, and settled upon the estate of his 
grandfather, where, by his liberality and 
patriotic spirit, he has contributed largely 
to build up and sustain a flourishing vil- 
lage, now known, in honor to himself as 
Ashleyville. The deceased was exten- 
sively engaged, during a long life, in va- 
rious branches of business; as farming, 
milling, and manufacturing, requiring 
the aid of many operatives and depend- 
ents, who have snared largely in his 
extensive means, and fell the cheering 
influence of Ins sound practical judg- 
ment. In these Various and extended 

concerns. In- has sustained a charai tei 
of irreproachable integrity and upright- 
ness. 
Ashton, Mrs. Sarah, Boston, 10 May. 

a-. 76, widow of tin" late John Ashton. 

Barbour, .Miss Mary, Newburyport, 14 

June, a'. '.'0. 

Barker, Hon Stephen, Andover, I s 

Man h, as. 77. 
Barnes, Mi:. Thomas B., Boylston, S 

May. a-. 93 yrs., 8 mo. 
Barnard, Mr. Jonathan, North Bridg- 

ton, Me., ae. 78; formerly of Harvard, 

Ma 

Barnard, Hon. Hezekiah, Nantucket, 
25 May, ae. 80. lie had been a Repre- 
sentative, Senator, and Treasurer of 
Massachusetts. 

Belknap, Gen. Sewall F., Windsor, 
Vt., 19 June, ae. 38. Gen. 15. has been 
very extensively known of late tor his 
great railroad enterprises. 

Billings, Mr. Jesse, South Deerfield, 19 
March, as. 84, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Boardman, Mrs. Nancy, Cambridge, l l 
June, ae. 70; widow of the late Darius 
B., of Boston. 

Bond, Joseph, Esq., Wilmington, 21 -May. 
x. Go. 

Bond, Mas. Nancy, Maiblehead, 10 June, 
ae. 78; widow of the late John Bond, 
Esq. 

Borland. James Lloyd, Boston. 
March, ae. 29, eldest son of John Bor- 
land, Esq. 

Bowf.n. Mr. Jeremtah, LandafF, N. H., 
10 March, ae. 9S; a soldier of the Revo- 
lution. 

Bowman, Mrs. Susannah, Boston. 31 
May, a?. 100. 2 mo., 5 days ; formerly of 
Amherst, Mass. 

Bridge. William S., Esq., Milford, Me., 
29 May. ae. 69; formerly a prominent 
merchant of Boston. 

Bussey, Mrs. Judith, Roxbury, 1 May, ag. 
80, widow of the late Benjamin Bussey. 

Casset.l, Mr. James, Truro, IS June, a?. 
93; for many years a shipmaster out of 
Boston. 



Chamberlain, Ma. John. Southboro', 9 

May. as. 7-7 

Child, Mr. JosrAH,Waltham,9 May, a 
Child, Mrs. Lucy, Cambridge, 9 June, 

SB. ^7 vi- . 9 mo., widow Ol the late Sam- 
uel Child. 

CHIPM IN, Mi:. WlLLTAM, ' I Me., 30 

March, ae. 86; a Revolutionary soldier. 
II • •. i- bom in Kingston, Ma--.. 11 Aug., 
1 763. 
Cm i-cii. Mi:-. Mary, Barrington, N. II . 

1 I .March. BB. 92 j widow of M i . J 

:. Dea. Joseph. See Hatch, Ik.:. 

Comins, Cap ' ej, Thompson, Conn., 

3 May, 
Coolidob, Mi - Mary Carman, Wa 

town, 29 April, ae. v I . | ■ I widow 

of the late Samuel Cooli 
Cowell, Mrs., Brookfield, N. II.. l I Mar., 

ae. 87, widow ol Dr. Samuel C, formerly 

of Lebanon. 

Cram, Mrs. Ann i, Ex< N ! ' 

March, a? 94. Q f ' A sister <^( the de- 
ceased died, within a few weeks, ae. 92, 
and three brothers are living, whose 
average ages are about v 

Cumings, Mr. Joseph, Sharon, 5 June. 
:r. 9 I : a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Dame, Mrs. Hannah, Kittery, Me., in 
June. as. 95. 

Dan a. Rev. Syl Concord, X. II , 

9 June. ae. 8 mos.. nearly. He 

was born al Ashford, Ct . l i Ocl . i" 
his great-grandfather, Richard Dana, was 
a French Protestant, w bo, by wa . 
England, came lo America about 1640, 
and for some time resided in what is 
now Brighton, (then Cambridge,)M 
He had a son and grandson whose names 
were Jacob. Jacob, Jr., lived in Ashford, 
and was the grandfather of the subject 
of this obituary. His father was An- 
derson Dana, a lawyer of Ashford, who, 
in 1772, took up his residence in the 
celebrated Valley of Wyoming. Though 
but three years' old, Sylvester always 
remembered the journey thence; he 
rode on horseback behind his mother, 
who carried in her arms another child, 
an infant. In this manner, a country 
chiefly wilderness of near three hun- 
dred miles was passed, about fifty ot 
which '"spotted trees ; ' were their only 
guide. This pioneer mother was Su- 
sannah, dan. of Dea. Caleb Huntington, 
of Lebanon, Ct. 

When the terrible massacre of 1778 
was perpetrated by the Tories and In- 
dians, Mr. Dana's family consisted of 
seven children. In that "massacre, the 
father and a son-in-law, Stephen White, 
were slain. The mother and her seven 
children found shelter in the wilderness, 
and after great sufferings found their 
way back to Ashford on foot. 



288 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[J^ 



In 17SG, Sylvester and his older broth- 
er. Anderson Dana, returned to Wyo- 
ming. Here he applied himself to man- 
ual labor, by which he acquired the 
means of obtaining a college education, 
and was a graduate of Yale of the class 
of 1797. Becoming a preacher, he offi- 
ciated in that capacity in a great many 
places in New England, at Wilkesbarre, 
Pa., and as a missionary in the interior 
of New York in 1799-1800. About 1801 
he married Hannah, third daughter of 
Dea. John Kimball of Concord, N. H., 
who died in 184G ; having been the moth- 
er of six sons and three daughters. Of 
these children four sons and one daughter 
died in infancy. The oldest son, Charles 
Backus Dana, Dart. Coll. 1828, Rector of 
Christ's Church, Alexandria, Va. Syl- 
vester, the second son, Dart. Coll. 1839, 
is in the practice of the law at Concord, 
N. H. The oldest daughter, Anne Kim- 
ball, is the wife of Reuel Barrows, M. D., 
of Fryeburg, Me. 

Among the manuscripts prepared by 
Mr. Dana, was a history of Wyoming, 
which was consumed in the fire that 
destroyed the house of his son-in-law, in 
Oct., 184S, at Fryeburg — the work of 
an incendiary. — Day § Murdoch's Mems. 
of the Class of 1797. 
Davenport, Mr. Joseph, Cambridgeport, 

23 May, as. 70. 
Davis, Samuel H., Springfield, 17 April, 
ae. 22, son of Rev. Emerson Davis, D. D., 
and Associate Editor of the Springfield 
Republican. 

Such is the brief announcement of the 
sudden departure of one whose loss is 
deeply felt and mourned by the wide 
circle of friends which his estimable 
qualities of mind and heart had drawn 
about him. He has been snatched away, 
in the flush of early manhood, even at 
the very moment when his prospects of 
usefulness were the brightest, when the 
future was rich in promise of an honor- 
able position in the affections and esteem 
of his fellow-citizens. 

Samuel H. Davis was born in West- 
field, June 27, 1826. In youth he was 
noted for his industry. Having nearly 
completed his preparatory studies in 

1839, and learning his father's intention 
not to allow him to enter College until 
he should attain the age of 17 years, he 
was very solicitous to find some occupa- 
tion wherewith to fill up the intervening 
period. Having procured a quantity of 
type from a printing-office, and learned 
to set them, he spent some time in fitting 
up an office for himself, and collecting 
materials, and began to print names, 
labels, &c, &c, on a small home-made 
press. At length, in the summer of 

1840, he issued proposals for a miniature 
newspaper, entitled the " Westfield 



Courier," which he continued to edit, 
print, and publish, at first in connection 
with a young friend, afterwards alone, 
throughout the Presidential campaign. 
He thus imbibed a strong taste for the 
office of a newspaper editor, which con- 
tinued undiminished through life; and 
he took especial pains to cultivate such 
a style of composition as he deemed 
most suitable for one in that station. 

In his Senior year in College young 
Davis published, in connection with his 
Classmate D. A. Wells, (now a member 
of the Law School at Cambridge,) an 
interesting work of one hundred octavo 
pages, entitled " Sketches of Williams 
College," which deserves to be more 
extensively known to the public. He 
graduated with distinction at this Insti- 
tution, in August, 1847; and the next 
week entered the office of the Westfield 
News Letter, where he continued, as 
Associate Editor of that paper, until his 
removal to Springfield. From April to 
December, 1848, in addition to his edito- 
rial duties, he discharged those of an 
assistant teacher in Westfield Academy. 
In the month of December, he became 
Associate Editor of the Springfield Re- 
publican, and was connected with the 
editorial management of that journal 
until his death. It has been said that 
"there has never appeared in this Com- 
monwealth a person who united so many 
and such eminent qualifications for an 
Editor. He was prepared to receive, 
to understand, and dispose in their prop- 
er proportions the innumerable details 
which demand the constant attention of 
an Editor, and which form the daily 
history of society and parties. Experi- 
ence would soon have enabled him to 
see clearly through their mazes, and to 
extract from their contradictions the 
portion of truth which they contain. 
He was, besides, from early practice, 
perfectly acquainted with the whole art 
of printing." His mind was very active, 
and his nervous system easily excited. 
" His intellect was of a high order. He 
had a sound understanding, a cautious 
judgment, a quick penetration of human 
character, a pleasant fancy, a genial wit, 
a cultivated and delicate taste. As a 
writer, his style was ciear, terse, and 
vigorous, and often sententious and epi- 
grammatical. He had remarkable ver- 
satileness of thought and expression. 
Some of his productions were grave and 
argumentative, and others brilliant with 
wit, and overflowing with genuine hu- 
mor. As a public speaker he was forci- 
ble and impressive, and sometimes elo- 
quent. As a friend he was noble, gener- 
ous, and sincere. The buoyancy of his 
spirit was irrepressible, even by intense 
suffering. His conversation, though 



1840.] 



Marriage* and Deaths. 



289 



sparkling with wit and humor, was un- 
tincturea by a particle of venom. No 
malice embittered, no selfishness chilled, 
'the genial current of his soul.' Seldom 
has death taken away so noble a mind, 
so true a friend, so esteemed a man. - ' 

.Mr. Davis wis a collector of coins and 
autographs, and gave strong indications 
cf an antiquarian taste: and had his life 
been spared, it is not unreasonable to 
suppose that be might have lent bis 
brilliant talents to the preservation of 
some portion of our early history. 
Denison, Mas. Jane, New London, Ct., 

12 April. :r loo years. 

DoLIBER, Mrs. SARAH, Maiblchea 

March, bb. 98 yrs., 3 mos., 21 days. 
Dwiiair, Hon. Edmund, Boston, l April, 

83. 68. 

Dwight, Mas. Louisa II., in Boston, G 

April, ae. II, wife of Rev. Louis Dwight. 

Eastman, Capt. Joel, Salisbury, N. 11.. 

23 -May, ae. 88, lather of Hon. .hud E., of 
Conway, N. 11. 

Ej)w vi:i>s, M k. John, Cambridge, 3 April, 
83.64. "Mr. Edwards was an English- 
man by birth. He has resided in this 
City about 32 years, during which peri- 
od lie sustained an unspotted character, 
and secured the esteem and respect of 
all with whom he had intercourse." — 
Cambridge Chronicle, dpril 5, L849. 

Elliott, Mr. Richard, North Danvers, 
9 May, 83. 87; a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

Epes, Mrs. Betsey, Boston, l May, 83. 82, 
formerly of Lyndeboro', N. II. 

Parnum, Mrs. Lydia, Smithfield, R. I.. 

13 June, 83. 94; widow of Mr. Noah 
Farnum. 

Farrar, lio\. Timothy, Hollis, N. H., 21 
Feb., iv. 101. 

The materials for the following sketch 
of the life of this eminent man, which 
has been prepared for the Register at our 
particular request, were principally de- 
rived from the discourse delivered at his 
funeral, by Rev. Samuel Lee, of New 
Ipswich. 

Hon. Timothy Farrar was horn at 
Lincoln, then part of Concord. Mass., 28 
June, 1747, O. S.; consequently his age 
would have been 102 the 9th day of July, 
1849. He was graduated at Cambridge, 
in the class of 1767. He had considered 
himselfdevoted to the Christian ministry, 
and made some preparation for pursuing 
his studies in that profession; hut the 
death of his elder brother at New Ips- 
wich rendered it necessary for him to 
take charge of the farm left vacant by 
that event. In the care of his farm, and 
in the instruction of youth, his time was 
spent till the commencement of the 
Revolutionary War. In the first attempt 
to organize a government by the people, 
he was appointed a Judge of the Court 



of Common Pleas for Hillsborough 
County. He was promoted to the Bench 
of the Superior Court of the State in 
1791, and appointed Chief-Justice of that 
Court in L802. This lasl office he did 
not accept, having determined to leave 
that Bench, which he did in the follow- 
in:,' year. He however accepted the 
Chief Justiceship cl the Court ol Com- 
mon Pleas for Hillsborough County, and 
also, on the new organization of the 
Judiciary in 1M 3, the Chief-Justice 
of that Court for the Eastern Circuit, 
embracing the Counties ol Rockingham, 
Strafford, and Hillsborough. In LSI 6 he 
retired from public life, baving b< 
his country as a Judge in her Courts 
forty years, with the utmosl fidelity, and 
with the highesl honor to himself. The 

following year the death of his lamented 

wife occurred, leaving him thus alone. 

Although he was now an old man. 
yet there were before him more than 
thirty years. This period was a most 
emphatic commentary on the preceding 
portion of his life. What he had ; 
sown, it was his privilege now to reap, 
in the peaceful fruit of a happy and 
heavenly old age. By the death of their 
parents, a large circle of his grandchil- 
dren were thrown upon his Bpecial care. 
This cart 1 he bestowed not on y with the 
affection of a father, but with the utmost 
accuracy of attention to their minutest 
wants. It was his privilege, on the 
sabbath next succeeding his one hun- 
dredth birthday, to listen to a scimon 
from one of them, having reference to 
the occasion. In 1841, in conseq 
of the removal of the daughter who could 
most conveniently take the care of him, 
he became a resident of Hollis. 

The ordinary accompaniments of old 
age seem hardly to have belonged to his. 
lie retained his mental faculties, scarcely 
at all impaired, to the last. His memory, 
after he was one hundred years of age, 
was scarcely less perfect than at any 
period of his life. He remembered not 
only the incidents of his early life, but 
also those of the passing day and year. 
He read much while his sight permitted, 
and then listened to the reading of oth- 
ers. Up to the last he had his own 
independent opinions on all the impor- 
tant questions of the day, political and 
other. 

He retained the use of his bodily 
powers in a degree equally remarkable. 
In his one hundredth year he rode on 
horseback; and it is only within the last 
three or four years that his sight has 
been so ssriously impaired as to prevent 
his reading the scriptures in large print. 

The closing scene was in keeping 
with his life. He seemed ripe for the 
change. His death was in the highest 



290 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[J"iy, 



sense a natural death. With very little 
disease the operation of the animal 
functions was rendered feeble, and the 
wheels seemed as if about to stop. But 
a short time before his death he fell into 
a quiet sleep, from which it was hoped 
he would awake refreshed. These hopes 
were not to be realized. His respiration 
soon became feeble, and more and more 
so, till, without a pang or the distortion 
of a feature, he ceased to breathe. Upon 
his countenance was left, after the spirit 
was gone, the impress of his character, 
and an expression of that peace of God 
which marked his end. 

In attempting to delineate the charac- 
ter of Judge Farrar, we are embarrassed 
by its completeness. No one excellence 
stands out to arrest attention and invite 
description. Every element is there, 
and in its just proportion. All is sym- 
metry. 

As implied in this, he was a man of 
'principle. He seemed to act on the 
assumption that "whatsoever is not of 
faith is sin." He had on all subjects his 
principles settled, and every thing, not 
only in religion, but also in the ordinary 
affairs of life, must be conformed to 
them. Every thing must be done right. 
There are some good sort of people, 
whose spirit is that of Christian benev- 
olence, but who are loose in their ideas 
of the mode of acting it out. Hence 
they often, in specific instances, sacrifice 
principle in the cause of love. Such 
was not his practice. Right was to 
him infinitely sacred; and he never 
would, for the sake of some temporary 
advantage either to himself or others, 
violate its dictates. But the uniform 
kindness of his disposition prevented 
this firmness, which was the inevitable 
effect of his veneration for the right, 
from ever assuming even the appearance 
of a harsh or unaccommodating temper. 

Candor was a prominent trait in his 
character. His earnest love for the right 
led to a careful and honest search after 
truth — and he acted in its light; and 
only when he could thus act did he act 
at all. So far as those who knew him 
best could discern, the description of his 
mind in this particular was perfect. 
Prejudice was entirely excluded. Any 
feelings of interest he might be sup- 
posed to have, in favor of the result of 
an investigation, seemed to have no 
influence. His "ruling passion" in such 
a case was love of truth, as a means of 
judging of the right. Although of an 
ardent temperament, his ardor was laid 
aside, and all evidence was laid in the 
just balances of a cool and discriminat- 
ing intellect. 

This suggests another trait in his 
character; namely, an accurate intel- 



lectual discrimination. Possessed of 
strong native powers of mind, and these 
cultivated by a thorough course of study 
in his youth, it must follow that, with 
his ardent love of truth, and his candor 
and impartiality in the search for it, he 
would make distinctions when there 
were differences, and only then. With 
premises thus obtained, and with a logic 
of corresponding accuracy, the processes 
of his reasoning were scarcely less un- 
erring than those of a mathematical 
demonstration. 

He had a sound common sense. By 
common sense we mean the application 
of knowledge and good judgment to the 
common and immediately practical af- 
fairs of life. We often find great men 
deficient in this particular. They are 
familiar with abstract ideas and general 
principles, but not with the application 
of them to the purposes of ordinary 
utility. Not so with the remarkable 
man of whom we speak. While familiar 
with those general principles which lie 
at the basis of science and of all correct 
opinion and practice, he was equally 
familiar with their application. His 
profession was fitted especially to give 
this practical quality to the treasures of 
his mind. This trait of character ren- 
dered its possessor eminently useful, not 
only on the Bench, but during the long 
period subsequent to his professional 
life — useful not only to his family, but 
to others who needed and received his 
advice. 

He was temperate — not only in the 
modern technical sense, applicable to 
the use of stimulating drinks, but in 
eating He lived in this, as in every 
other particular, by rule. To leave the 
table with an appetite as good as when 
he came to it, was a rule he always ob- 
served. Not long before his death, in 
reply to the question to what he as- 
cribed his long life, he replied, "to tem- 
perance in eating." 

His equanimity deserves notice. This 
was not constitutional, but the result of 
a rigid self-discipline. Though natu- 
rally not of easy self-control, such was 
the power of his will, such the author- 
ity of his self-behests, that under what- 
soever severity of trial, he neither spoke 
nor acted till reason bade and sanctioned. 

He was the subject of strong domestic 
affections. During his public life he 
was much from home, and deeply en- 
grossed in the duties of his profession. 
Vet he loved his family and devoted a 
careful attention to its wants. After 
retiring from public life, he became the 
centre of dependence to many of his 
grandchildren, and to the last day of his 
life, he kept under his notice the minut- 
est particulars of the condition of every 



1849.] 



Marriagi % and !>• ath%. 



291 



004 of them. He was indeed s ; 
arch. His children, his children's chil- 
dren, and their children, gathered around 
him, to love and revere, and almosl 
adore, and received from bim the lessons 
oi wisdom. 

He was cheerful. His natural tem- 
perament and his religion both conspired 
to render him so. His cheerfulness 
went with him through all the infirmi- 
ties and privations of a 
source of enjoyment after another was 
dried up, it left no trace ol gloom. 
I [e i\ en more than supplied an equiva- 
lent for what was withheld. 

Kindness was the law of his life, It 
was evinced in all his domestic relations 
He soughl the happiness of all, and 
in i te the le isl possible demands upon 
the attention and care of others — a trait 
thai went with him to the last The 
same spirit guided bim in all his inter- 
course with socnty. 

Hi- modesty was a striking charac- 
teristic. Ih' was always brought For- 
ward — he never obtruded himself Office 
conferred, nol sought by him. His 
deportment in all the relations of life 
was eminently respectful, howmuchso- 
ever his inferiors the persons concerned. 

He was a patriot. Every thing in his 
history was fitted to inspire him with 
love to his country. He had attained 
the age of maturity before the wai ol 
the Revolution. He was a witm 
the events and a participator in the feel- 
ings that led to and attended upon that 
eventful period. He was placed upon 
the Bench at the first organization of a 
government by the people. In that po- 
sition and at that period ol' his life, and 
with a heart like his, the events of the 
Btruggle for independence, the organiza- 
tion o\ national and state governments, 
the adoption of tin' federal constitution, 
in short, all the facts implied in our 
becoming a great and mighty nation, 
enlisted the deepest interest of his heart, 
and made his country the object of his 
warmest affections. It is difficult for us, 
who were born in other times, to appre- 
ciate the love of countrv, of which such 
a man, in such circumstances, would he 
the subject. The ardor of his patriotism 
never abated. lie had an intimate 
knowledge of all the incidents in his 
country's history, up to the last week of 
his life, and an independent opinion on 
all the important measures of the na- 
tional government. His opinions on the 
last presidential canvass were formed 
and defended on the same principles and 
by the same course of reasoning, as 
would have led him to the same result, 
under similar circumstances, at any ear- 
lier period of his life. 

The religious character of Judge Far- 



rar deserves special notice. It mm- 
menced in eai ly life. e of 
thirteen, he lit »ei mon from 
Whitfield, preached at t - na- 
tive town. He had taki I in the 
gallery directly in fronl leer, 
that be might bave the i irtunity 
lo obsei ve his n 

' impression ot the man. 
pre u :.<•; uttered hi 

red. 
I le w i- deeply impi 

i 
its truths was pracl 

— and although he ^>>\ nol ei d 

a publi 

n, yet he dated th of his 

C istian life from th it sermon. His 

ology was <>f the Pu and 

his life was in con- tnd par- 

took I b Puritan element. 

Hi- religion was the religion of princi- 
1 had his application to hi- whole 
life — j his 

:it and warm a. were in it. 

1 [■• don, and • 

lai ; of his life. I ort time 

before his death, he remarked to a friend 
• da) a h id been his I 

— that he had »n the time when 
he could - iy, M My soul hat 

in them." !!• miliar w 

Bible, and quoted it with rare apposite- 
ness. He studied it as he studied Black- 
and his reli i ns were 

the result of the Ban 'liga- 

tion of the one his professional 

opinions of the other. Hi^ was " the full 

■ nth, 
but in his riper years. His opinions in 
relation to himself were based on the 
same accuracy of kn were 

those on other subjects. Death was to 
him deprived of his Bting. He had no 
fear of dying. " I feel just as ready,'' 
said he to a friend a few months since, 
"to lie down to die, as to lie clown to 
sleep." And as the event proved, the 
two were to be united. He lay down to 
sleep. He slept, and it was death. We 
may add, he awoke, and it was Heaven. 
Such, imperfectly sketched, was the 
life, such the death, and such the char- 
acter of the venerable man. who, after 
standing so long a patriarch in our 
midst, has at length ijone to his grave in 
a "full age like as a shock of corn com- 
eth in in his season." 
Faxon, Elisiia, Esq., Stonington, Conn., 

2 April, S3. 78, a native of Braintree, 
Mass.. but for nearly GO years a resident 
in S. 

no, Mrs. Nancy, Boston, 17 June, ae. 
74; widow of the late William Fenno. 
Fessenden, Mr. John, Townsend, 16 
Jan., a:. 74. 



292 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[J%, 



Fisher, Mrs. Jane, Newark. N. J., sud- 
denly, 31 March, 33. 28, wife of Oscar 
Fisher, Esq., and adopted daughter of 
Phineas Bemis, of Dudley, Mass. 

Flint, Mrs. Priscilla, North Reading, 
4 June, 33. 87 ; relict of the late Col. 
Daniel Flint. 

Foster, Mr. Josiah, Beverly, 29 April. 
33. 90. 

Fowler, Mr. Medad, Westfield, 26 April. 
03. 89. 

French, Mrs. Sarah, Northampton, 9 
May, 33. 90 ; widow of Asa French, of 
Williamsburg, who came from Brain- 
tree, and was son of Samuel French of 
that town. She was the daughter of 
Ezekiel White, of Weymouth, a son of 
Samuel White of that town, and a 
descendant of Peregrine White, the first 
Englishman born in New England, 
(born Nov., 1620, in Cape Cod harbor.) 
She was born at Weymouth, Feb. 2-3, 
1759, her father removed to Goshen in 
1777, and she was married at Williams- 
burg, Feb. 14, 1784. The mother of 
Samuel White, and grandmother of Eze- 
kiel, was Anna Pratt, the daughter of 
deaf and dumb parents. 

Mrs. French was well acquainted with 
the ancestral history of her kindred and 
neighbors, the exercise of her mental 
powers were continued in a remarkable 
degree to the last, and her recollections 
of past events were fresh and accurate. 

Furber, Mrs. Mary, Farmington, N. H., 
March, 33. 92 ; widow of Gen. Richard F. 

Gardner, Mrs. Elizabeth, Nantucket, 
6 March, ae. 72, widow of Mr. Shubael G. 

Gerry, Mrs. Ann, New Haven, 17 March, 
33. 85; widow of Elbridge Gerry, one of 
the Signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

Gooch. Mrs. Abigail, North Yarmouth, 
Me., May, 33. 94, relict of Mr. John Gooch. 

Gordon, Mr. Joseph, Searsport, Me., 9 
May, a3. 90; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Gorh.ui, Mr. Josiah, Richmond, Me., 20 
April, 33. 83, a soldier in the Revolution 
and the War of 1812. 

Haile, Mr. Coomer, Bristol, R. I., 22 
April, a?. 84; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Hall, Mrs. Eleanor, Tamwonh, N. H., 
33. 32; wife of Mr. Obed Hall, and 
youngest dau. of the late John Carroll, 
Esq., of Pittsfield. 

Hammond, Capt. Gideon, Mattapoiset, 
21 March, 33. 95, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

Harding, Mr. Uriah, East Medway, 1 
May, 33. 89. 

Harris, Mrs. Eunice G., Boston, 11 
April, 33. 08 ; wife of Mr. Isaac Harris. 

Harvey, Hon. John, Northwood, N. H., 
2 May, 33. 75; formerly Judge of Probate 
for Rockingham Co. He was son of 
Major John H., an original settler in the 
town, and a soldier of the Revolution. 



Judge H. had been a Representative and 
Senator, and was extensively known in 
Rockingham county. 

Hatch, Dea. Joel, 5 April, 33. 79; Clift, 
Dea. Joseph, 6 April, 33. 81 ; both at 
Marshfield. They were elected Deacons 
of the Congregational Church in North 
Marshfield, in 1810, and they were both 
found dead, the one in his bed, and the 
other in his yard. 

Haven, Dea. Moses, Framingham, 26 
April, 33. 82. 

Henderson, Mr. James, Feltonville, 11 
May, 33. SO, formerly of Boston. 

Hildreth, Miss Hannah Z., at the Co- 
lumbia Female Institute, Wheeling, Va., 
27 Nov. 1848, of consumption. 

Hinman, Mr. David C, New Haven, 9 
March : an engraver of much skill. Mr. 
H, has done great service to his country 
by his excellent taste in producing many 
excellent portraits never before engraved 
in this country. He had just completed 
some which do him great credit, and 
bad he lived to carry out his intention, 
our history would not have gone without 
many of the portraits so necessary to 
illustrate it, and which he felt had been 
shamefully neglected. 

Hobbs, Mr. David, North Hampton, N. 
H., 4 May, 33. 88 yrs. 10 mo., a soldier of 
the Revolution; formerly of Effingham. 

Holmes, Miss Elizabeth, in Leicester, 
29 Mar., 33. 35, dau. of the late Dr. Jacob 
Holmes, and for many years an Instruc- 
tress in Leicester Academy. 

Houseley, Mrs. Anna Maria, Boston, 
18 April, 33. S5. 

Howes, Capt. Saml. H., Cambridgeport, 
22 Mar., a well known steamboat com- 
mander. 

Howland, Mr. John H., of N. Bedford, at 
Bloomingdale, N. Y., 13 March, 33. 76. 

Hubbard, Mrs. Hannah, Boston, 6 April, 
33. 90 yrs. 1 mo. ; wid. of the late Peter 
Hubbard of Holden, and former widow 
of Mr. John Dodd of H. 

Hubbard, Dr. Joshua, Cincinnati, O., 13 
May, 33. 66 ; a printer, published a paper 
for a season, at Kennebunk, Me. 

Jenkins, Samuel — "The last of Brad- 
dock's men" — Lancaster, O., 4 Jan., 33. 
115 years. He was the (colored) slave 
of Capt. Broadwater, of Fairfax Co., Va., 
in 1734, and drove his master's provision 
wagon over the Alleghany Mountains in 
the memorable campaign of Gen. Brad- 
dock. He retained his faculties to the 
last. 

Johnson, Mr. Nathaniel, Acton, 9 May, 
33. 87 ; a patriot of the Revolution. 

Jones, Mr. Elnathan, Lunenburg, 16 
Mar., 33. 74. 

Kidney, Jonathan. — This venerable cit- 
izen, known and respected here through 
several generations, revered for his worth, 
his exemplary life, and his laborious dil- 



■'■•■] 



Marriagi % a\ ' iths. 



293 



iD6 to hil rest full <>t . 
at the advanced age of nearly four 
- .u; I ten. 

\ I II A N Kl !»\ KY (l IVS t V 1 «- 

Journal,) was born in this City, where he 
hai resi < id fort ighty -eight year*. II 
consequently one "i tne o] 
ing links between I and thi 

ent He hai sustained through hie a 
blameless repul ition, an I died, as he 
lived, greatly beloved by lus descendants 
and universally i by all who 

knew Willi. Mr El DM 

as b Blacksmith and followed the 

T<> the |usl tribute of the Eve. Journal 
to Ins private eh ■• •• add briefly 

son i the principal incidents ol his life : 

the age oi l 7, Mr. K 
ted as a militi i-m in, undei - buy- 

ler, in 17: ;. His division was at fii 
dered to Fort Edward ■ bul soon fell b ick 
upon Saratoga. Aftei w ai la we b< 
him .it Bennington, in b »lfa tnents 

at that place. Again, upon the ii 
gence reaching thai place of the ex] 
Battle with Buxgoyne, he was oi 
hick to Saratoga, but did not arrive there 
until after the battle. 

The most eventful perio I of his life 
that which followed. He ws 
of a pai ty \\ '!»" embarked at New 1 1 
Conn., in .i prival eL With the 

entire party he was taken prisonei by 
the British, and placed on board the 
Jersey Prison Bhip at the Wallal 
He was confined there some six months, 
at the expiration <>i winch he was re- 
leased, but ina weak Btate, from the ty« 
rannical and barbarous treatment be re- 
ceived. He travelled on foot from J 
City to Newburgh, whim' General Wash- 
ington had hi> head-quarters, not being 
able to accomplish inure than live miles 
a day. He there received assistance, by 
order of the Commanding General, and 
tobk passage in a sloop for Albany. 

Mr. Ki k an active part with 

the friends of George Clinton. R 
Yates, Samuel Jones, Abm. Ten Eyck, 
Gen. Peter Gansevoorl Chancellor Lan- 
sing,and other prominent anti-federalists, 
against the adoption o( the U. S. Consti- 
tution in 1788; and he participated in the 
high scene of excitement and collision 
which in this City followed the attempt 
of the federalists of that day to celebrate 
the event. To the day of his death, as we 
are informed, he held in possession the 
cannon which on that occasion was 
planted in Green street, to dispute the 
passage through it of the procession 
headed by Gen. Schuyler, Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, and their friends. The ven- 
erable Isaac Denniston is now the only 
survivor of those who witnessed that 
conflict. 



Rei >1 . 

• in what hi 

nonymous with the prin 

his 
lit' 
'•rat. —Albany . I 

I ; ' r i 1 , 

v. , I , . i th< ■ 8 

man. 

( nth, 

I J M. 

8 April 
n 
Lewis, M 
Ap ■! l »L 

I 

16 May, ae. 7 

1,1 VI . 

1 

ion. 

I 

Mai • >>;- r 

M \ -> Irs. J 

Jum 
Marshall, M .*>. A Ham] 

1 II Mai 
M ( ' \ 1 1 . 1 

.In: l 
Ml I-' LL \ v C v I I JoHW, I 

s ■ 

Mi Mili i ine, 

I C 124. 

M M I ; - 7 

M : - M- 

i ll, M 9 [en neb ink, 1 1 

Jui 
in the street 

Ml!.! B, R 

S 

Mili nwich, R 

17 Maj 

Mow . en, N. T., 

April, bb. s,; : a Revolutionary sol 
grad. D. C I ~ sS - He was the 

youngest of five children, whose united 
- at then 

Moore, Mr, Uriah, £ 

Morris, Thomas, Esq., N. JTork, March. 
He was a son of Robert Morris of Phil- 
adelphia iso well known in our 
and for many years V. S. Marsha 

Morton, Mrs. Abigail, Bristol. M<^.. 14 
May, ae. lOOyrs. ll mo. 12 d.; relict of 
Mr. James Morton; they removed from 
Roxbury, Mass., to B., towards the close 
oi the Revolutionary War. 

Mullixen, Mr, Benjamin, in Mechanics- 
ville. Saratoga Co.. N. Y., at the residence 
of his son-in-law. Mr. W. B. Harris, x. 
SG. The deceased was a native of Mas- 
sachusetts, and was in the War of the 
Revolution, for which he drew a pension 
under the Act of 1832. He left Massa- 
chusetts in the year 1S00, and settled in 
the town of Stillwater, Saratoga Co., in 



294 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[July, 



which town he continued to reside to the 
time of his death. — Cambridge Chronicle. 

Munro, Mr. Joseph, Bristol, R. I., 29 
April, ae. SO, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Nichols, Mr. John, Salem, 1 May, a?. 72. 

Nickerson, Capt. Saml'kl, Boston. 13 
June, ae. S3, lately one of the Port- War- 
dens of the City. 

Oakes, Albert P., at Staten Island Hos- 
pital, of Small Pox, 17 Mar., ae. 25, son of 
the late Capt. Thomas Oakes, of Maiden, 
Mass. 

Oliver, Mks. Mary W. T., Plymouth. 1 
A[)l.,ir. 31 ; wile of Henry J. Oliver. Esq. 

Osgood, Mrs. Lucv, Andover, 10 June, 
ae. SO: she was the widow of the late Ja- 
cob Osgood, and died in the same house 
in which James Otis was killed by 
lightning. 

Owen, Philip, Esq., Brunswick. Me. 2S 
May, ae. 94; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Packard, Rev. Hezeeiah, D. D., Salem, 
20 April, ae. S7 yrs. 1 mo.: a grad. at 
Harv. Coll in the class of 1787, and a 
soldier in the Rei olution. 

Park. Mrs. Luot, in Boston, 27 Mar. ae. 
79, widow of the late John Park, of 
Framingbam. 

Parker, Mr. William, Roxburv, 2S Mar., 
ae. f 

Par m enter, Mr, Levi, Sudbury, 1 1 April, 
ae. 86, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Parsons, Mks. Sarah, Skaneateles, N. 
V.. 19 April, as. 92; widow of the late 
Noah P. of Westhampton. 

Pearce, Hon. DuteeJ., Newport, R. I., 
5 May. ae. 69. We learn from the New- 
port News that he died at his residence 
at that town, yesterday morning, at half 
past nine o'clock, of erysipelas. He was 
born in April, 17S0, on the island of Pru- 
dence, and was therefore sixty-nine years 
of age at the time of his death. He 
graduated with much honor at Brown 
University, and after completing his 
study of the law, he commenced his 
practice of the legal profession in New- 
port, where he remained till the time of 
his death. Mr. Pearce became eaily in- 
terested in political affairs, and in 1S10 
he was elected Attorney- General of the 
State, which office he (illed until 1825. 
He was then appointed United States 
District Attorney for the Rhode Island 
district, and in November, 1835, he was 
elected representative to Congress, in 
which capacity he continued to serve 
the people of Rhode Island until 1837, 
when he was succeeded by the Hon. 
Robert B. Cranston. 

Pease, Mrs. Elizabeth, N. Haven, Ct., 
28 Mar., ae. 26; wife of Thomas Hun- 
tington Pease, and dau. of the late W. 
H/P. Graham of N. York. 

Peavey, Mrs. Abigail, Tuftonboro', N. 
H., Mar, ae. 85 5 widow of Joseph P. 

Perry, Widow Rebecca, West Cam- 
bridge, 11 April, ae. 71. 



Pierce, Augustus, M. D., Tyngsboro', 

20 May, a?. 47. Dr. Pierce was a native 
of New Salem, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1820. and was the author of 
the far-famed Poem, called " The Re- 
belliad," so well known to every son 
of the University. 

Plumer, Mr. Daniel, Jr., Epping, N. H., 

21 June, 02. 46 yrs. 7 mo. and days, of 
fever — a most valuable citizen; and of 
a highly respectable family. He was 
grandson of Samuel Plumer, Esq., one 
of the first settlers in the town. 

Plumer, Mr. John J., Epping, N. H., 
I March, ae. 49; youngest son of Ex- Gov- 
ernor Hon. William Plumer, grandson 
of Samuel P., Esq., an early settler in 
that town, from Newbury, who d. in 
l s i).!, at the advanced age of SI. The 
venerable Ex-Governor still survives, 
aged 90 years. 

Reeves, Mas. Elizabeth. Wayland, 26 
Mar., ai. 01, widow of the late Jacob 
Reeves, Esq. 

RiOHAEDSON, .Mi:. .Toil, Billerica, :> May, 
ae . 72 ; formerly of Boston. 

Richardson, Mrs. Saco, Me.. 7 May, 

!'. 101 yrs. 1 I mo.; widow of Mr. Nathan- 
iel Richardson. 

Robinson, Alexander, in Pensacola, 
Fa., in March, fle. 26, Assistant Surgeon 
U. S. Navy. 

Sack i: i t. .Mr. Jonathan, Milford, May, 
ae. SO., a soldier of the Revolution. 

•son, Dea. Nathaniel, West Brat- 
tleboro', Vt., 25 .March, ae. 05; formerly 
of Pelham, Ms. He was born in Middle- 
borough, Ms.. July 10, 1751. He entered 
the army after the battle of Bunker Hill, 
and was present at the action in Brook- 
lyn and the evacuation of New York, 
lie enlisted several times for short peri- 
ods, and his military life — a part of 
which was spent on board a privateer at 
sea — occupied about three years. In 
1780 he settled in Pelham, Ms., where 
he lived till 1806, when he removed to 
Brattleboro'. In Pelham he appears to 
have first made a profession of religion, 
and he was early chosen a deacon of the 
church. He was chosen to the same 
office by the church in Brattleboro', soon 
after his settlement here. He ever main- 
tained the character of a meek, consistent, 
exemplary Christian, and in society he 
was much respected for his integrity and 
his unassuming virtues. — The " memory 
of the just is blessed." — Com. 

Searl. Mr. Nathan, Southampton, 16 
Mar.', ae. SO. 

Searle, Daniel, Esq., Temple, N. H., 6 
April, ae. 85. 

Sibley, Mr. Charles, Calais, Me., 1 April, 
ae. 78; a native of Sutton. Ms. 

Simpson, Mr. Benjamin, Saco, Me., 23 
March, ae. 04; "one of the immortal 
' Tea Party.' " 

Slaughter, Capt. Philip, Richmond, 



'■'•I 



1/ // 






! 

March 

I [< 

u i 

I 

Mai 

1 

1 

B 
i 
He 

isin of 11 G 

i i 

' i I 

■ 
I 
M 

N 1 1. 
B 

>. H . 

I 
I 

in S 
Mr. 

I 

ii 

( ) i > - 

<li- 

boi 

disch irge 

mother, i->r which : 

uiir.il>! v i tted by her mild 

tempei iment, her trulj I 

Dei S v and u 

pect< dly prostrated upon ■ bed 

nei dun I w nplary n 

ri ng with wh 

visile ; ai pain 

ami ai 

in the full ai 

lion bej * t 

v :i, Dublii N. H 

■ - 
S 

April, ■ 

T.M'I'A \, R] v. V •], IV. 

1 to announc 
the I <>ri that our excellent friend 

ami fellow nil/. mi. Rev. Win. B. Tappan, 
departed tins life, at his residence m 
Giantville, [in Need ham, K> miles from 
the ci1 rdav morning ai 3 o'clock, 

after a sickness of about 11 hours, lie 



- 
E 

■ 
■ 



S 

Mi i 

*i 11. 

: B 

I 

— Pi ■ ] 

'. : : I H B 

Jui 

I 
don I! 

li\. 

N - 

. 

I S, M RS. M A BO 

II . It Mai a- 94 : M 

i.i. i.. Mas, M \ ■ I -ton, 

M i I the late 
rirrelL 
Tom ■ • Mb. J 5l aben, Me., 14 

M S i. Mass., 

an | ilution. 

I M s Sabah, Danvers, 17 D 

imv. ss. 81 ; the eldest d iu. «>! Mr. Wil- 
liam rraak, who died 22 Nov. 1806, aged 



296 



Marriages and Deaths. 



[July. 



62. She was a lineal descendant of 
" Capt. William Traske" of Salem, and 
inherited a portion of the original home- 
stead, where her lengthened life was 
spent in kind assiduities, sympathies and 
toils in behalf of others — these in their 
effects will remain an abiding " memorial 
of her.'' 

Tufts, Mrs. Mercy, Weymouth, 6 May. 
se. 85, relict of the late Cotton Tufts, 
Esq. 

Turner, Mr. Calvin, Medford, 17 June, 
re. 73. 

Turner, Mrs. Lydia, Antwerp, Jefferson 
Co.. N. Y., 25 March, a3. 86, the relict 
of Capt. Joshua Turner, and a pensioner 
for a number of years prior to her death. 
She was the eldest daughter and third 
child of Col. Luke Drury of Grafton and 
Marlboro', and long since the last of his 
family of nine children. A numerous 
progeny, in children, grand-children, 
and great-grand-children, are scattered 
throughout the United States, to revere 
her memory. t. s. t. 

Turner, Mrs. Mary, Auburn, Me., 19 
April, £B. 86, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Tyrrell, Mr. Jacob, Orange, 15 Feb., ce. 
S9, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Varney, Eunice, Dover, N. H., I June, ae. 
99 ; a member of the society of Friends. 

Vose, Mrs. Mercy, at Concord, Ms., 20 
May, re. SG ; widow of the late Deac. 
John Vose of that town. 

Wakefield, Timothy, Esq., Reading, 
19 April, ce. 93, a Revolutionary Pen- 
sioner. 

Ware, Mrs. Mary Lovell, Milton, 4 
April, ae. 50. 

This lady, whose memory will long 
be cherished by a most extensive circle 
of friends, was daughter of MarkPickard, 
Esq., formerly a merchant in Boston, by 
his wife Mary Lovell ; and was born in 
Boston, Oct. 2, 1798. In June, 1827, she 
became the second wife of the latelamen- 
ted Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., D. D. ; since 
whose death (at Framingham, Sept. 22, 
1843.) she has resided principally on 
Milton Hill, where her peaceful, though 
not uneventful, life was finally brought 
to a close, amid the affectionate atten- 
tions and sorrowing regrets of her chil- 
dren and friends. 

Ware, Mr. Michael, Buckland, 7 May, 
Ee. 84. 

W r ARNER, Mr. Phineas, Belchertown, 9 
April, as. 86. 

Warren, Mr. Silas, Upton, 10 Nov. 1848, 
as. 95. He was among the soldiers over 
whom General Washington received 
command at Cambridge; he was also 
present at Dorchester Heights when the 
Americans compelled the British to 
evacuate Boston. After the establish- 
ment of his country's independence, he 
lived upon his farm in Upton to the time 



of his death, where it was his delight, 
in his hours of rest from agricultural 
pursuits, to entertain his friends with 
revolutionary tales and incidents of the 
" times that tried men's souls." 

He had been a subscriber /b/ - , and con- 
stant reader of " The Massachusetts 
Spy," ever since it was published, being 
seventy-seven years. — Worcester Spy. 

Wayland, Rev. Feancts, Sen., Saratoga 
Springs, 9 April, as. 76. 

Weed, Caft. Alexander, Rochester, N. 
Y., 30 Mar., 32. 79, a soldier of the Rev- 
olution. 

West, Mrs. Abigail, Taunton, 1 March, 
03. 79; relict of John West, Esq., of that 
place. 

Wheeler, Mr. Samuel, Rockport, 21 
Feb., 03. 90. 

Whitcomb, Caft. Ephraim, Boxborc', 
17 April, suddenly, of apoplexy, 03. 76, a 
kind and amiable man, and exemplary 
Christian. He was one of seven broth- 
ers and sisters, all of whom have at- 
tained the age of 70 years and upwards. 

Whitney, Mrs. Hannah, 10 March, 03. 87. 

Whitney, Mrs. Mary, Hingham, 4 
March, a?. 79 ; formerly of Northboro'. 

Wilkinson, Abraham, Esq., Pawtucket, 
R. I., recently, 03. 83 ; one of the found- 
ers of that town. In connection with 
his brothers and the well known Mr. 
Samuel Slater, the manufacturing busi- 
ness was there established. 

Willcutt, Mrs. Susannah, Cohasset, 
12 June, a?. 86 yrs. 7 mo. widow of the 
late Thos. Willcutt. 

Williams, Mrs. Abigail, Newburyport, 
2 April, a3. 96 ; widow of the late Joseph 
AVilliams, Esq. 

Williams, Hon. Timothy S., Ithaca, N. 
Y., 11 Mar., Senator of the 26th District 
of that State. 

Wilson, Mr. Francis T., New York, 12 
April, 03. 83, son of the late William 
Wilson, of Boston. 

Wingate. Mrs. Mary, (widow.) Roches- 
ter, N. H., 19 May, as. 95 

Winslow, Mrs. Mary, Vassalboro', Me., 
25 Feb., 03. 89; widow of Nathan W., 
late of Westboro'. 

Within. Mr. Samuel, Wilton, Me., 21 
Feb., as. 91 yrs., 8 mos.; a Revolutionary 
Pensioner. 

Wood, Rev. Benjamin, Pastor of the 
Congregational Church in Upton, 24 
April, a3. 76. He was a native of Leba- 
non, N. H., and was born in 1772, gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth in 1793, and was or- 
dained at Upton, as the successor of Rev. 
Elisha Fisk, June 1, 1796. 

Woodbury, Mr. William, Boston, 19 
April, 03. 70, formerly of Salem. 

Woodward, Dea. Jacob, Marlboro', N. H., 
9 April, 03. 87, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Worth, Mrs. Velin a, Edgartown. 7 June, 
03. 82, widow of Jethro Worth, Esq. 




i -S&& 

?*<& 













- 



NEW ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AM) GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 

VOL. III. OCTOBER, 1810. NO. IV. 



GENEALOGICAL NOTICES OF THE DESCENDANTS OF 

SECRETARY RAWSON. 

[Note, — In our last Dumber wo gave a brief outline of the public 
employments ami services of Secretary Rawson* We now present out 
readers with a L r <'ii<';il<'L'ical sketch of his posterity, principally condensed 

fern the " Memorial o» thi Rawson Family," recently published. 
A word of explanation may he ne y, with regard t<> the system 

of references which we have adopted, it being, in some respects, differ- 
ent from that employed in the "Memorial." The Romas numeral 
prefixed to a name, indicates the generation, counting from the first 
progenitor in this country. Beside this chai . but one series of 
numbers is made use of, and the same number is always found attached 
to the same individual; thereby preventing all possibility of confusion, 
and affording the greatest facility for reference, backwards or forwards.] 

"We have mentioned, in the preceding number, that, of the five sons 
of Secretary Rawson, three settled in England. Respecting two of 
them, David (born May 6, 1(344,) and John, we know nothing. Ed- 
ward, the eldest son of the Secretary, graduated at Harvard College 
in 1653, and entered the Ministry. Of his subsequent career our only 
knowledge is derived from Dr. Walker's " Attempt towards recovering 
an Account of the Numbers and Sufferings of the Clergy of the Church 
of England," * where his name occurs in the following passage, relative 
to the Rectory of Horsmanden, in the County of Kent. 

" Good old Dr. Anherst had been Sequestred and forced from this 
Living about the beginning of the Troubles ; at which Time one EUes- 
ton succeeded in it ; but the Doctor dving about Five or Six Years 
after, the Patroness presented this Mr. Couch, who made a shift some 
way or other to get Possession of it, and kept it till about the Year 

* " An Attempt Towards Recovering an Account of the Numbers and Sufferings of the 
Clergy of the Church of England, whoVere Sequester*d. Harrass'd. &c, in the late Times 
of the Grand Rebellion: Occasion'd by the Ninth Chapter (now the Second Volume) of 
Dr. Calamy's Abridgment of the Life of Mr. Baxter. Together with an Examination of 
That Chapter. Bv John Walker. M. A.. Rector of St. Mary's the More in Exeter, and 
some time Fellow of Exeter-College in Oxford." Fol. Lond. 1714. Part. II. pp. 220. 

19 



298 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

1653 ; at which time he was also Sequestred from it, and so makes a 
Second Sufferer here. Mr. Couch outlived the Usurpation, and de- 
manded his Living again of the Intruder, one Edward Rawson, [pre- 
sented to it in 1655,] a New-England-M^n, and a violent Presbyterian. 
This Rawson, as he had immediately succeeded Mr. Couch, so he was 
resolved to have continued in the Living if he could, and therefore gave 
him a great deal of Trouble to Dispossess him." 

Dr. Calamy, after referring to the above passage, in the third volume 
of his Account of the Ejected Ministers,* and citing Dr. Walker's 
assertion that Rawson was " a violent Presbyterian ," remarks that this, 
" if true, was a little peculiar ; " and adds, " Mr. Rawson was ac- 
counted a good holy Man." 

Rebecca Rawson, the sixth daughter and ninth child of the Secre- 
tary, whose portrait accompanies our present number, is the heroine of 
as romantic a tale as can be found upon the pages of New England his- 
tory. She was born May 23, 1656, was tenderly nurtured and care- 
fully educated, and was pronounced by her contemporaries "one of the 
most beautiful, polite, and accomplished young ladies in Boston." As 
such she became the object of the attentions of one Thomas Rumsey, 
a young man from England, of respectable appearance and pleasing 
address, who pretended to be Sir Thomas Hale, Jr., the nephew of 
Lord Chief- Justice Hale. The young lady being of one of the first 
families in Boston, " had the vanity," says a document preserved among 
our public archives, " to think herself suitable to make the young Lord 
a wife." They were accordingly married, July 1, 1679, " by a Min- 
ister of the Gospel, in the presence of near forty witnesses," and being 
" handsomely furnished, sailed for England, and safely arrived. She 
went on shore in a dishabille, leaving her trunks on board the vessel,, 
and went to lodge with a relation of hers. In the morning early he 
arose, took the keys, and told her he would send her trunks on shore 
that she might be dressed before dinner. He sent the trunks up, and 
she waited impatiently for the keys till one or two o'clock ; but he not 
coming, she broke open the trunks, and to her inexpressible surprise she 
found herself stript of everything, and her trunks filled with combusti- 
ble matter ; on which her kinsman ordered his carriage, and they went 
to a place where she stopt with her husband the night before. She 
enquired for Sir Thomas Hale, Jr. ; they said he had not been there 
for some days. She said she was sure he was there the night before. 
They said Thomas Rumsey had been there with a young Lady, but was 
gone to his wife in Canterbury ; and she saw him no more." We are 
informed that during a residence of thirteen years in England, after 
her abandonment, she " learned many curious works, such as painting 
on glass, &c," and by her ingenuity and industry procured a genteel 
subsistence for herself and child, her pride not allowing her to be de- 
pendent upon her friends for support. Determining to return to New 
England, she left her child in the care of her sister, in England, who 
had no children of her own, and embarked for Boston, by way of Ja- 

* " A Continuation of the Account of the Ejected Ministers, &c. &c. By Edmund Cal- 
amy, D. D." 8yo. Lond. 1727. i. 543-1. 



1849.] Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raw$on, 299 

maica, in a vessel which belonged to one of her uncles. But her event- 
ful life was destined to a tragical end. The ship in which she had 
embarked, being just ready to sail from Port Royal, in .Jamaica, for 
Boston, was swallowed up, with its passengers and crew, upon the 
morning of the great earthquake, dune !*, 1 * i *. * i2 , her uncle alone, (who 
happened to be on shore, completing the settlement of his accounts,) 
of the whole ship's com] | ing to tell the .-ad tale. 

Rebecca Rawson and her father are prominent characters in the 
highly entertaining little work entitled " Leaves from Margaret Smith's 
Journal in the Province of Massachusetts Hay," which has recently 
been submitted to the public. 

Having thus disposed of those members of Edward Rawson's family 

who left this country, we will now speak of those who remained in New 
England. And first of his third son, 

William I! LW80N, who was burn May 21, 1651/ and married July 
11, 1673, as appeal's from the following record in the ancient Family 
Bible. " This may certify all whomsoever it may concern, that on y'- 
11th day of July, 1673 3 on a certificate I received that William Rawson 
and Ann Glover, y' daughter of y' late Mr. Nathaniel Glover, had been 
duly and legally published, 1 joined them in marriage at the house and 
in presence of Mr. Habackuk Glover, his wife, Mr. Edwaid Rawson, 

father of y° sd William Rawson, and other friends, as witness my hand 
this 31st of July, 1673. — Edward Tyng, A- The mother of Ann 

Glover, as we learn from a memorandum of Rev. Thomas Prince, " was 
y e only child of M r Quarter-master Smith by his L*wife, formerly of 
Lancashire in England and afterward of Dorchester in New England," 
and "was born in Lancashire in 1680. Her Parent- living und r y° 
ministry of y e Rev. M r Richard Mather at Toxteth in that shire, they 
came up and brought Her w ,h them to Bristol in order for X. E. in 
April, 1635. Her Father and others settling at Dorchester and a new 
Chh gath d There Aug. 23, 1636 y« sd M r Richard Mather became y r 
Teacher ; under w M ministry she liv'd, unless w 11 Bent to school at Boston. 
She married to M r Nathan 1 Glover a son of y° Hon'' John Glover Esq 
of sd Dorchester bv w™ she had Xathanael and Axx. And then this 
Husband Dying, she remained a widdow till w n she married y c Hon'' 1 
Thomas Hinckley Esq. of Barnstable," the last Governor of Plymouth 
Colony. " Her sd D tr Ann married to M r W m Rawson a son of M r 
secretary Rawson secretary of y° Massachusetts colony. ''f William 
Rawson resided in Boston for some rears after his marriage, and then 
removed to Dorchester, and thence, finally, to Braintree, now Quincy, 
where he purchased a tract of land from the descendants of his great 
uncle, Rev. John Wilson, being a portion of the grant made to that 
eminent Divine by the General Court of the Colony. This farm, which 
is situated near Neponset Village, adjoining the homestead of Hon. 
Josiah Quincy, lato President of Harvard College, is still occupied by 
his descendants. 

His children were as follows : — 

* All dates are presumed to be according to Old Style, 
t See Vol. I. p. 95 of this work. 



300 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson, [Oct. 



Ann, bore 


in 


Boston, 


April 


11, 1674 ; died in infancy. 


Wilson, 


a 


a 


a 




1675; " " " 


Margaret, 


a 


a 


tt 


Aug. 


1,1676; " " " 


Edward, 


a 


a 


a 


Sept. 


6,1677; " " " 


Edward, 


a 


u 


a 


Aug. 


29,1678; " " « 


Rachael, 


a 


a 


a 


Oct. 


16,1679; " « " 


Dorothy, 


it 


a 


tt 


Aug. 


8,1681; " " « 


William, 


ti 


a 


tt 


Dec. 2 


or 8, 1682. (1) 


David, 


u 


a 


a 


Dec. 


13, 1683. (2) 


Dorothy, 


a 


a 


a 


June 


19, 1686; died young. 


Ebenezer, 


it 


u 


DorchesU 


sr, 


1687; " Aug. 28, 1691. 


Thankful, 


a 


a 


u 


Aug. 


6, 1688; " Aug. 21, 1688. 


Nathaniel, 


a 


a 


Braintree 


> 


1689. (3) 


Ebenezer, 


u 


a 


a 


July 


24,1691; died young. 


Edward, 


a 


a 


a 


Jan. 


27, 1692. (4) 


Ann, 


u 


a 


u 


Aug. 


28, 1693 ; died in infancy. 


Patience, 


a 


a 


a 


Nov. 


8, 1694; " Nov. 14, 1694. 


Pelatiah, 


a 


a 


a 


July 


2, 1696. (5) 


Grindal, 


tt 


a 


tt 


Aug. 


24, 1697; died in infancy. 


Mary, 


a 


a 


a 




1698; " " " 



The names of the above twenty children are found recorded in the 
ancient Family Bible. 

Grindal Bawson, the fifth son and youngest child of Secretary 
Rawson, was born Jan 23, 1659, and graduated, with three others, at 
Harvard College, in 1678. After taking his first degree, " he was 
invited," so writes his wife, in a letter to Cotton Mather, " by his 
brother-in-law, the Rev. Mr. Samuel Torrey, to come to his house and 
study Divinity there, which he did, with such proficiency, that he was 
advised to enter upon preaching. He preached his first sermon at 
Medfield, with great acceptation, and after two months' occasional per- 
formances at other places, he received an invitation [Oct 4, 1680,] to 
Mendon," in the County of Worcester, whither about twenty families 
had recently returned, the town having been abandoned by its inhab- 
itants during King Philip's War. The invitation being accepted, Mr. 
Rawson entered upon the duties of the pastoral office, and continued to 
preach until April 7, 1684, when he was permanently settled. After 
an eminently successful ministry of thirty-four years, he died " on the 
Lord's Day, about sunset," Feb. 6, 1715, aged 56 years. A sermon 
was preached at his decease, by his friend and classmate Cotton Mather, 
in the preface to which he favors us with an extract from President 
Oakes's Latin address, at the Commencement of 1678, wherein the 
Reverend orator was pleased to notice three of the four members of the 
graduating Class, viz. John Cotton, Cotton Mather, and Grindal Raw- 
son, making honorable mention of the progenitors of the latter, and ex- 
pressing his hope that God would endue him with the learning, sanctity, 
and moral virtues of a Wilson and a Grindal. Mather thus draws 
the character of his "well accomplished and industrious" friend, in the 
sermon just alluded to. " We generally esteemed him a truly pious 
man, and a very prudent one, and a person of temper, and every way 
qualified for a friend that might be delighted in. We honored him for 



1840.] Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Ramon. 301 

his industrious oversight of the Flock in the wilderru m which bad been 
committed unto him, and the variety of BQCCeSSfu] WJ&M which lie took 
for the good of those to whom G<»d had therefore exceedingly endeared 
him. We honored him for his Intellectual Abilities, which procured 
frequent applications to him, and brought him Bometimes upon our most 
conspicuous theatres; ami we usually took it for granted that things 

would be fairly done, where he had an hand in the doing of them. We 
honored him lor his doing the work of an Evangelist among our In- 
dians, of whose language he was a f&0$ti t that had BCaree an i <j"<tK and 

for whose welfare his projections and performances were such as render 
our loss herein hardly to he repaired. lie used to preach the <i 

regularly to the Indians in his neighborhood, in their own langua 
and published a work entitled " Confession of Faith," in English and 
Indian. In the spring of 1698 he was joined with Etev. Samuel I hm- 
forth, of Taunton, in a commission to visit the several plantations of 
Indians within the Province of Massachusetts Bay, in pursuance of 
orders and instructions from the Commissioners for the Propagation of 
the Gospel anion*; the Indians in New England and the parts adjacent. 
These two gentlemen accordingly spent from May 30th to dune 24th, 
1698, in this visitation. Their highly interesting and valuable report 
thereof may be seen in the tenth volume of the Collections of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society. 

Mr. Rawson married Susanna, daughter of Rev. John Wilson, first 

minister of Mcdliold, and granddaughter of Rev, John Wilson of B s- 
ton. She died July 8, 1748, in the 84tla year of her aire, having been 
the mother of eleven children, as follows : — 

Edmund, born 1684 (6) 

John, « April 26, 1685 s died May 26, 1085. 

Susanna, " Oct. 3, 1686. {!) 

Edmon, " July 8, 1689. 

Wilson, " June 23, 1692. (8) 

John " Oct. 1, 1695. (9) 

Mary, " June 22, 1699. (10) 

liachael, " Sept. 6, 1701. (11) 

David, " Oct. 25, 1703; died Jan. 18, 1701 

Grindal, " Sept. G, 1707. (12) 

Elizabeth, " April 21, 1710. (18) 

THIRD GENERATION. 

1. III. Capt. William Rawson, eighth child and eldest surviving 
son of William Rawson, was born* Dec. 2 or 8, 1682, and is supposed 

* On page 13 of the " Memorial of the Rawson Family " it is stated that William 
Rawson " resided in Boston a number of years after his marriage," that " the births of ten 
of his children are recorded there," and that "he removed to Dorchester, where, according 
to the records of that town, two of his children were born, and from thence to Braintree, 
now Quinev, to the ancient Rawson farm," &c. &c. Now according to this statement, 
Capt. William Rawson, the eighth child of William, would seem to have been born in 
Boston. How, then, shall we account for the fact, that on page 22 of this same work, he 
is said to have been born in Braintree ? 

Again, on page 14 of the "Memorial" we are informed that this said troublesome Cap- 
tain William was born Dec. 8, 1682, and on page 22 his birth is recorded as having 
occurred Dec. 2, 1G82. 



302 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

to have been the graduate of that name at Harvard, in 1703. He 
married Sarah Crosby, of Billerica, and settled in Mendon, as a farmer, 
"where he died in October,* 1769. His children were, 

William, born Feb. 20, 1711. (14) 
Perne, " Oct. 3, 1713; Anna; 
Sarah. (15) 

Rachael, born Sept. 19, 171G; married a Captain Torrey, and had four 
sons and one daughter. 

Anna, married Isaac Holten, and had four daughters. 
Perne, a daughter, born Jan. 1, 1727 ; died April 19, 1741. 

2. III. David Rawson, son of William Rawson, born Dec. 13, 
1683, married Mary, daughter of Capt. John Gulliver, of Milton, and 
lived on his father's farm, near the Neponset Bridge in Quincy. He 
is said to have been a persevering business man, and distinguished for 
energy of character. He died April 20, 1752, leaving a valuable 
estate. His wife survived him, and her personal property at her de- 
cease is stated to have been valued at <£ 212-12-4. Their children 
were as follows : — 

14, 1714. (16) 

2G, 1715. (17) 

5, 1717. (18) 

20, 1718; married a Winchester, and had two 

2, 1720; died July 24, 1726. 
12, 1721; " Aug. 17, 1721. 
30, 1722. (19) 

30, 1723. (20) 

31, 1727. (21) 

21, 1729. (22) 
17, 1731; married Samuel Baxter. 

May 31, 1734. (23) 

3. III. Nathaniel Rawson, son of William, born in 1689, married 
Hannah, daughter of Samuel Thompson, of Braintree, and had six 
children, viz. — 

Samuel, 

Nathaniel, born May 
Barnabas, " Aug. 
Edward, " April 
Rachael, " May 

4. III. Edward Rawson, son of William, born Jan. 27, 1692, was 
a mariner in early life, and lived awhile in Boston ; but subsequently 
settled as a farmer in Braintree. He married Preserved Bailey, of 
Boston, had two children, Preserved and Ann, neither of whom lived 
to be married, and died in 1721, aged 29. 

5. III. Pelatiah Rawson, eighteenth child of William Rawson, 
born July 2, 1696, married Hannah Hall, of Dorchester, and died in 



David, 


born 


Sept. 


Jonathan, 


a 


Dec. 


Elijah, 


ii 


Feb. 


Mary, 
children. 


a 


May 


Hannah, 
Silence, 


ii 

u 


April 
June 


Ann, 


ii 


July 


Elizabeth, 


u 


Nov. 


Jcfciah, 


ii 


Jan. 


Jerusha, 


ii 


Dec. 


Lydia, 
Ebenezer, 


<< 

u 


Jan. 
May 



27, 1716. (24) 
11, 1721. (25) 
19, 1724. (26) 



20, 1741. 



* Thus is it stated on page 22 of the " Memorial ; " but on page 14 we are informed that 
he "died Sept. 20, 1726"! 






i - 19. ] v t the L 

176 I 1 7::. His wifedied Aug. I. I775 a S ] 

ine in Dumber, namely, 

GrindaL (27) 
I I ward 
Elliot (2 

Elizabeth, died in 1780, S 

athan; and Lydia, who married Dr. John Cleverly, and had one child 

6. III. Edmund Ravi R ndal 
Rawson, waa lorn in 1684, waa ;i fan] I in 1 

where he sustained the off D icon in the Church. II 

Elizabeth Bo ward, of Bi . and had thn 

Edmund, born Aug. 15, 171 
Abner, u April 24, 1721. (i 
Nathan, - Aug, l, 1724. (31 ) 

7. m. Susanna Raw£ I daughter of Re?. Grindal R 

born Oct. 3, L686, waa married, in 1719,1 B njamin B ; d Ids, of 
1 1 istol, R. I .. and had children, 

John. (•"• 

B njamin, removed to Nova Scotia; Grindal, removed to Putney VL\ 
Anna; Priscilla, married ■ Bdorse, and had one daughter, Mary (35); 
Sarah, married Seth ( lhapin. 

v . 111. Wilson Rawson, son of Rev. Grindal R 
28, 1692, was a farmer, and settled in Mendon. II emarri I M :. iret 
Arthur, of Nantucket, Ma j 1. L712, and di< I ' N M.1T.T.!.,. 
had eight children, namely, 

Wilson, born Aug. 13, 1713 

Priscilla, M Dec 17, 1715; Mary, born May 12, 1717 j 

Grindal, u July 18, L719. (84) 

Edward, * April 2, 1721. (3 

Stephen, u April 2, 1722. (36) 

Paul, M April 9, L725 (37; 

Thomas, u May 2, L738. | 

0. III. John Raws bt, - a of Rev. Grindal Raws Oct. 1, 

1695, was a fanner, and Bettled in Oxbridge. He married Mercy 
Hayward,f of Bridgewater, Jan. 23, 1719, and had children, 

John, born Nov. '.'. 1720; Joseph, born March 2, 1722-3, killed at Win- 
chester in the Indian War; Mercy, born Sept 8, 1725, died Feb., 1725 
Rhoda, born Nov. 22, 1780; Mercy, born June ;; . L732 

10. 111. Mar? Raws* \. second daughter of Rev. Grindal B 

born Juno 22, L699, was married, April 9, 17:2 L to B ■■■• J< 3eph Dorr, 
her father's buc< in the ministry at Mendon. Ho graduated at 

*On past '21 of the " Memorial " it is stated that be died Dee. 1. 1726, more than six 
years previous to the date assigned for the birth of his youngest child, which locks rather 
suspicious, to say the least. "We have, therefore, adopted the more consistent date given 
on page 26. 

I An unaccountable discrepancy here ocean in the u Memorial," inasmuch as it is stated 
on page 21 thai John Rawson "married Mercy Virgon, Feb. 19. 1730;" and on page 26 
the same person is made to marry and have children as in the text. 



304 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

Harvard College in 1711, was settled in Mendon in 1716, and died 
March 9, 1768, in the 79th year of his age. His epitaph informs us 
that "he was endued with good sense. His temper was mild and pla- 
cid. He excell'd in the virtues of meekness, patience, temperance, 
sobriety, gravity, benevolence, and charity — was a good scholar, a 
learned Divine and exemplary Christian. " Mrs. Dorr survived her 
husband, and died April 9, 1776. Their children were as follows : — 

Mary, born June 6, 1725. (39) 
Joseph, " May 24, 1730. (40) 
Katherine, " March 8, 1732. (41) 

Susanna, " Sept. 4, 1734 ; married Rev. Amariah Frost, May 23, 
1779. 

11. III. Rachael Rawson, third daughter of Rev. Grindal Raw- 
son, born Sept. 6, 1701, was married to Samuel Wood, of that part of 
Mendon since called Upton. He was born in 1696, and died in 1790. 
His widow died in 1802. They had one daughter, 

Priscilla, born in 1718. (42) 

12. III. Grindal Rawson, youngest son of Rev. Grindal Rawson, 
was born Sept. 6, 1707, graduated at Harvard College in 1728, stud- 
ied Theology, and was the first Pastor of the Church in South Hadley, 
where he was settled Oct. 3, 1733, and continued in the exercise of his 
ministry for about eight years, when, dissatisfaction having arisen 
among his people, he was dismissed. He removed to Connecticut, and 
was installed first pastor of the newly-formed Church at Hadlyme, in 
Middlesex County, Sept. 18, 1745, and there remained until his death, 
which occurred March 29, 1777. It is said of him that " he was re- 
markable for pleasantry in conversation, and had an uncommon talent 
in reconciling parties at variance."* His wife was Dorothy, daughter 
of Rev. Charles Chauncy, D. D.,f the eminent Pastor of the First 
Church in Boston, and great-great-granddaughter of President Chauncy, 
of Harvard College. She died in 1780, aged 70. Their children 
were : — 

Edmund Grindal. (43) 

Charles, a Physician, died in Rhode Island, aged 23 ; Wilson, died 
young ; Hooker ; Chauncy, and Dorothy, both died aged 23. 

13. III. Elizabeth Raw t son, youngest child of Rev. Grindal Raw- 
son, of Mendon, born April 21, 1710, married, 1st, Abner Hazeltine, 
of Sutton, Feb. 11, 1730-1, by whom she had one son, born a few 
months after the death of his father, viz. — 

Abner, born Nov. 5, 1731. (44) 

The widow Hazeltine married, for her 2nd husband, March 8, 1737-8, 
James Wood, of Mendon, by whom she had seven children, namely, 

* Edwards's Complete List of the Congregational Ministers in the Old County of 
Hampshire, Ms., in Amer. Quart. Register, X. 382, 395 ;. Field's Statistical Account of the 
County of Middlesex, Conn., pp. 80, 138. 

t Not " Rev. Isaac Chauncy, D. D., of Boston," as erroneously stated in the u Memorial.'' 
No such clergyman as " Rev. Isaac Chauncy, t>. D.," was ever settled in Boston. 



1841 ».] Notice* of the Descend Secretary I' 

Edward; Thomas; Elizabeth; Grindal; 

Joseph. ( 15) 

EJezekiah ; and Stephen. 

roi k'ih Q] 

1 1. IV. William Rawson, eldest bod and child of Capt. William 
K;i\vs-»n, born Feb. 20, 1711, married, May 18, L781, M 
daughter of Thorn I k, of Oxbridge, Bottled in Mendon, as a I 
yer, and was considered a man of Learning in his day. He died in 

IT'."). I lis children were, 

Thomas. ( 16) 

\Villiam was Satl<-r for 1 1 1 * - Rhode Island V ( a Point, in 

the French War, where la- di< '1. 
John. ( 17) 

Pi me, bora Oct 24, 1741. | 18) 

Edward, - July 25, 17 11. | 19) 

Margaret," May l 1, 17 15. 

Jonathan, •• March 15, 1749. (5 
Margaret 

If). IV. Sarah Rawson, daughter of Capt. William Rawson, mar- 
hed a Saunders, of Upton or Mendon, and had four children, tw<> - 
Elijah and William. who both married and left children : and two 
[laughters, one of whom married Capt. William French, of Mendon, 
and had Royal, Sally, Nancy, Eunice, Louisa, and I 

16. IV. David Rawson, eld< d and child of David R 
bom Sept. 14, 1714, married Mary, daughter of Benjamin Dyer, 1 

of Weymouth, was a farmer, and settled in Milton. \\\< wife died 

March 19, 17 s <>. and he himself dune 7. 1790. Their children were, 

Hannah, bora March 28, 1742, married John Ruggles, and died Nov. 10, 
1819; Eunice, bora Dec •'!, 1748, married Abner Packard, and died in 
Albany. N. V.: Sarah, bora Sept 25, 1745, married James Blake, and 
died at Milton, Feb. I'. 1 , 1 s -j 7 : Dyer, bora March 17, 1747, married, 1st, 
Busanna Webb, 2d, Abigail Pope, and died Aug. 21, 1817; Rebecca, born 
Hay 6, 1749, died March 28, 1802; Mary, bora Feb. 1,1754, married 
Daniel 1'' reach, and died Sept. 19, 1843; Nathaniel, horn Feb. 7. 1757, 

died in New York, Dec 11, 1780; 

Anna, born May 21, 1758. (51) 

Esther, " May 6, 1761 ; died Oct. 27, 1702. 

17. IV. Jonathan Rawson, second son of David Rawson, Sen.. 
born Dec. 2(5, 1715, married Susanna Stone, of Roxbury, Jan. 10, 
1760.* lie lived on the homestead in Braintree, where he died in No- 
vember, 1782. His wife died in 1773. Their children W4 

Jonathan, bora Aug. 7, 17i»2. (52) 

Stephen, u Aug. 2G, 1766, died in Gibraltar; Susanna, died Sept. 
11, 1840; 
Mary. (53) 
Hannah, married Israel Cook, and died in W'atertown. 

* The !; Memorial " says that he was married " Jan. 10, 17S6." But this date being ut- 
terly inconsistent with those assigned for his death, and the births of his children, we have 
ventured to substitute what we supposed might be the true date. 



306 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson, [Oct. 

18. IY. Elijah Rawson, son of David Rawson, Sen., born Feb. 5, 
1717, married Mary Paddock, of Swansey, lived a number of years in 
Warren, R. I., and removed thence to Pittstown, N. Y., in 1789, where 
he died in 1798, having had eight children, 

Jonathan ; Ann, married a Stone, and had four children ; James ; 
Samuel. (54) 

Edward, lived in Pittstown ; David ; Elijah ; Mary, married a Smith, 
had four children, and died at Lonsburge, N. Y. 

19. IY. Ann Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Sen., born July 

30, 1722, was married to Samuel Bass, of Braintree, Oct. 30, 1746, 
and had four children : — 

Samuel, born Aug. 22, 1747. (55) 
Edward, " 1749. (56) 

Mary, " Oct. 21, 1750. (57) 

William, " July 19, 1755; died Aug. 21, 1755. 

20. IY. Elizabeth Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Sen., born 
Nov. 30, 1723, was married to Peter Adams, of Braintree, brother of 
Rev. Jedediah Adams, of Stouirhton, in 1756, and had two sons, 

Peter, born July 20, 1760. 
Jedediah, " April 13, 1766. (58) 

21. IY. Josiah Rawson, son of David Rawson, Sen., born Jan. 

31, 1727, married Hannah Bass, of Braintree, Aug. 28, 1750, resided 
in Grafton for some time, and removed thence to Warwick, Mass., 
where he died in 1811. He is said to have been " a man of sterling 
good sense, and lived and died a respectable citizen." His children 
were, 

Josiah, lived in Richmond, Mass. ; Simeon, died in New York, leaving 
ten children ; Jonathan B., settled in Alstead, N. H., and has four children, 
Orren, Elmon, Jonathan, and Alanson, the last of whom is settled in the 
ministry at Southboro', Mass. ; Lemuel, settled in Richfield, Summit Co., 
Ohio ; Anna B., married Thomas Leland, and settled in Guilford, Ohio ; 
Abigail, married Joshua Garfield, settled in Royalston, and died April 15, 
1831; 

Mary, born in 1759. (59) 

Lydia, died aged 18 ; Betsy ; Hannah, died in Warwick ; Amelia, mar- 
ried an Ellis, and settled in Orange, Mass. ; 

Secretary, born Sept. 19, 1773. (60) 

22. IY. Jerusha Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Sen., born 
Dec. 21, 1729, married an Eaton, of Boston, and had two daughters, 
Jerusha, and Mary, the latter of whom married a Glover, of Dorchester, 
and had seven children. 

23. IY. Ebenezee Rawson, youngest son and child of David Raw- 
son, Sen., born May 31, 1734, married Sarah, daughter of Hon. Sam- 
uel Chase, of Cheshire, N. H., was a farmer, and settled in Sutton. 
He was a man of genius and extensive historical attainments. One 
who knew him well thus writes concerning him. " In stature he was, 
I think, full six feet, slender built, though with considerable breadth of 



1849.] Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. 307 

shoulders. Tlis countenance was open, his nose aquiline, and his fere- 
head projecting and high. His perceptive faculties must have been 
acute, from the very configuration of his frontal region. His step was 
elastic, and all his motions rapid and easy. I have rarely ever known 
a man gifted with higher powers of conversation. This made him the 
delight of every circle. His mind was rich in reading, and his own 
reflections were oftentimes astonishingly brilliant. l!i- memory was a 
vast storehouse of facts, always at his command, and I have heard him 
for hours delight a small circle with sketches "(' early Colonial or In- 
dian History. In his composition there was a vein of g 1 humored 

irony, which never missed his mark when let off. The peculiar bia 
his mind was antiquarian, and nothing delighted him more than the 
company of the clergy. With them he was sure to plunge into old 
Biblical History, with the whole of which he was perfectly familiar. 
His word was as good as his own or any other man's bond in Worcester 
County. Altogether ho was a remarkable man, and as emphatically a 
Genius as any person 1 ever knew/' In the latter years of his life 
Mr. Rawson became strongly attached to the Quakers, adopted their 
costume, attended their worship, and, in token of his regard for the 
sect, named a son for Marmaduke Stephenson, who was tried and im- 
prisoned for heresy, in the early days of the Colony. His children were, 

Prudence, bom Dec. 24,1758. (<'>1) 

Lydia, " April 2:5, 1760. (62) 

Ebenezer, " Dec. 22, 17 CI. (63) 

Sarah, " March 16, 1763. (64) 

Aimer, " March 2, 1765. (65) 

John, " June 1, 17<>7; died young. 

Jerusha, " Oct. 13, L769. (66) 

Samuel, " Sept. 4, 1771. (67) 

Elizabeth, " June 5, 1774. (68) 

Marmaduke,) ,, A ., , Q . , co * 

tvt. , Y " April 18, 1///. ((>9) 

JNizaula, j l ' v ' 

Mary, " July 5, 1779. (70) 

Clarissa, " Feb. 26, 1782. 

Abigail, " May 11, 1786 (71) 

24. IV. Nathaniel Rawson, second son and child of Nathaniel 
Rawson, born May 27, 1716, married, 1st, Mary Thwing, March 21, 
17o7-8, and had one son ; 2d, Rachael Daniels, by whom he had 
eleven children ; and died in West Stockbridge, in 1803, aged 88 
years. His children were, 

Silas, born Nov. 17, 1739, settled in Palmvra, N. Y.; Raehael, born 
May 20, 1741, settled in Conway, Mass.; Elias' born March 1, 1743 ; Na- 
thaniel, Jr., born Feb. 19, 1745, married Miss Woodruff, Baker, N. Y.; 
Mary, born Jan. 18, 1749, married a Thwing, Conway; Jonathan, born 
March 17, 1751, married Miss Baldwin, Victor, Ontario Co., N Y. ; Moses, 
born April 26, 1753, married Miss Bussey; Anna, born Aug. 21, 1755, 
married a Parmely, West Stockbridge, Mass. ; Mary, born Aug. 13, 1757, 
married J. Wheeler, Grafton, Mass.; Elias, born Sept 4, 1760; Grindal, 
born Jan. 22, 1762, married Miss Grover, Windsor, Mass. ; Abner, born 
Nov. 11, 1764, married Mrs. Jeffords, died in Wayne County, Michigan, 



308 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct 

July 29, 1846, leaving three daughters and three sons, of whom Arnariah 
Rawson, of Rawsonville, in that State, is one. 

25. IV. Barnabas Rawson, third son of Nathaniel Rawson, Sen., 
born in Mendon, Aug. 11, 1721, and continued to reside there until 
after the birth of his fourth child, when he removed to Woodstock^ 
Conn. His wife's name was Mary, by whom he had, 

Lois, born Aug. 24, 1744; 

David, " Dec. 18, 1745. (72) 

Asa, " Nov. 10, 1748 ; Josiah, born Dec. 18, 1753^ 

Ruth. (73) 

Elizabeth ; Lois ; Elizabeth. 

26. IV. Edward Rawson, fourth son of Nathaniel Rawson, Sen.,, 
born April 19, 1724, married Deborah Warren, of Upton, and settled j 
in Mendon. His wife died Feb. 11, 1802. His children were, 

Levi, born March 27, 1748. (74) 

Olive, " Aug. 13, 1749, died Oct. 9, 1774; Hannah, born June 22, 
1751; Eunice, born July 25, 1753; Mark, born Jan. 31, 1757, died Oct. 
26, 1761 ; Luke and Oliver, twins, born July 6, 1759, the former died Nov* 
9, 1759, the latter Oct. 26, 1759 ; 

Thompson, born Feb. 22, 1764. (75) 

27. IV. Grindal Rawson, eldest son and child of P'elatiah Raw* 
son, of Milton, was born July 29, 1721,* graduated at Harvard College 
in 1741, was installed as first Pastor of the Church in Ware, Mass., 
May 9, 1751, was dismissed from his charge June 19, 1754,f was in- 
stalled at Yarmouth, as the successor of Rev. Thomas Smith, in 1755, 
where he continued until 1760, when, in consequence of a general dis- 
affection among his people, he was advised by a Council to ask a 
dismission. J He died at the house of Ebenezer Rawson, in Sutton, 
Mass., in 1795. His wife was Desire, daughter of Colonel Joseph 
Thacher,§ of Yarmouth, by whom he had, 

Ruth, baptized Aug. 14, 1757, died in infancy ; Jonathan, born in 1759,. 
was Aid-de-camp to Gov. John Sullivan, married a Gage, of Dover, N. H., 
had one son, Jonathan Augustus, and died May 17, 1794 ; and 

Hannah, born May 25, 1761. (76) 

28. IY. Elliot Rawson, third son of Pelatiah Rawson, was twice 
married ; 1st, to Sarah, daughter of Rev. William Russel, of Middle- 
town, Conn., by whom he had one child, Sarah ; 2d, to Ann, daughter 
of Benjamin Cushing, Esq., of Providence, R. I., by whom he had, 
Ann, Elizabeth, Elliot, Cushing, Mary, Edward Wilson, and Thomas 
Hooker. 

* Records of Harvard College. 

t Edwards's Complete List of the Congregational Ministers in the Old County of Hamp- 
shire, Ms., in Amer. Quart. Register, X. 383. 

X Pratt's Complete List of the Congregational Ministers in the County of Barnstable, 
Ms., ibid., XV. 61, 70; Mass. Hist. Coll. V. 60. 

§ For a notice of this gentleman, his ancestors and family, see Alden's Collection of 
American Epitaphs, i. 124, et seq. 



M9.] Notices of the Descendants of Secretary // ison, 309 

29. IV. Edmund Rawson, eldest son and child of Edmund Raw- 
son, born Aug. 1 5, 1718, was a farmer in Uxbridge, and married Mar- 
ha Allen, of Medway, by whom he had, 

Samuel. (77) 

Edmund; Racbael; Joseph, who married and iefl a family in Med way; 

Seth. (78) 

30. IV. Abne» Rawson, second son <>f Edmund Raws d, 8 
)orn April 24, 1721, was a farmer, settled in Uxbridge, married Mary 

Allen, sister to his In-other Edmund's wile, and had three children, 

Silas, born in 17 10. (7 ( .») 

Timothy. (80) 

Klioda, horn Oet. 15, 171-.* (81) 

31. IV. Nathan Rawson, third son and youngest child of Edmund 

Mawson, Sen., horn Aug. 1, L724, married, 1st, Man- White, by whom 
:ie had one son: 2d, Mary Chase, of Sutton, by whom he had six 

children : — 

Nathan, enlisted in the Army of the Revolution, and died at Ticonder 
Betsy, (82) 
Isaac. (83) 
John, (84) 
Mary. 
• Edward, born in June, 177.'). (85) 
James. (86) 

32. IV. John Reynolds, eldest son and child of Benjamin Rey- 

iolds, by his wife Susanna Rawson, was first of Bristol, afterwards of 
Providence, R. I., and finally of Boston, Mass. He had no issue hy 
lis first marriage ; but by his second wife, Dorothy Weld, of Roxbury, 

ic had seven sons, four of whom attained a great age, while one other 
still survives. These seven sons wxre, 

Samuel, who served in the Revolutionary War, married, and died young; 
Grindal. (87) 

Benjamin, removed to Norfolk, Ya. ; John, removed to Strafford, Vt ; 
Edward. (88) 

William, died ehildless ; Thomas Capering, died young. 

33. IV. Wilson Rawson, eldest son and child of Wilson Rawson, 
x>rn Aug. 13, 1713, married, and settled in Upton. His children 
were, 

Joshua, born April 1, 1755. (89) 
Wilson. (90) 

Artemas, settled in Maine, and left issue ; Abigail, married a Whitney, 
}f Milford. 

34. IV. Grindal Rawson, second son of Wilson Rawson, Sen., 
born July 13, 1719, " was a carpenter and cabinet-maker, and was much 
listinguished for his mechanical genius, as well as for his general intel- 

*In the "Memorial " this date is Oct. 15, 1740. But this cannot possibly be correct, if 
he date assigned for the birth of Silas is the true one. 



310 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

ligence. During the War of the Revolution he was employed by the 
U. S. Government in the manufacture of utensils of war." He settled 
in Providence, about 1741, and died in December, 1803. He was 
four times married. His first wife, Hannah Leavens, of Killingly, 
Conn., by whom he had two children, died Dec. 21, 1750, and he 
married, 2d, Elizabeth Boyd, of Newport, R. I., who had six children, 
and died May 31, 1761, (?)* aged 34; 3d, Zeruiah Harris, who had 
one son, and died May 10, 1765, aged 34 ; 4th, Mrs. Nancy Free- 
man, of Providence, (sister to Colonel Atwell, of that place,) who died 
in 1771, within a year after her marriage, leaving one daughter. His 
children, by these several marriages, were, 

Joseph, born in 1745, died Jan. 14, 1750; Hannah, died young; Anna, 
born in 1754, died Jan. 5, 1757 ; Mary, born in 1755, died Feb. 9, 1759; 
Margaret, born in 1757. (1)1) 

Joseph, " Dec. 21. 1760. (92) 

Elizabeth, died young ; Benjamin, died young; Grindal, born in 17G3 ; 
Hannah, born Aug. 18, 1771. (?)f (93) 

35. IV. Dea. Edward Rawson, son of Wilson Rawson, Sen., born 
April 2, 1721, married Mary Morse, granddaughter of Benjamin Rey- 
nolds, by his wife Susanna Rawson, (7. III.) and settled in Mendon, 
■where he was Deacon of the Church. " Nature did much for him, and 
he was a leading man in the affairs of the town. Bein^r a staunch 
opposer of British rule, he was generally a member of the various com- 
mittees, and was frequently a member of the Legislature previous to 
and during the Revolutionary War. He was also a member of the 
Convention to form a Constitution for the State in 1780. In the latter 
part of his life, he removed to Leicester, where he died at an advanced 
age, having lost his eye-sight several years previous to his death." His 
children were, 

Hooker, born April 21, 1749; Edward, born June 19, 1754, was a 
Physician, and died young; Anna, born Sept. 22, 1756; Arthur, born 
Nov. 17, 1758, a Physician in Hard wick ; Mephibosheth, born Aug\ 7, 
1763. died Aug. 9, 17G3 ; Elizabeth, married Dea. Seth Chapin, of Men- 
don, Oct. 27, 1767 ; Mary, married Dr. Levi "VVillard, of Mendon, April 
28, 1774; Nancy. 

36. IV. Dea. Stephen Rawson, son of Wilson Rawson, Sen., 
born April 2, 1722, settled in Providence, R. I., and was a Deacon of 
the 2d Congregational Church in that town. From him was derived 
the right, now vested in the Rawson Fountain Company, of drawing 
from a certain fountain, for 999 years, the water wherewith that part of 
the City of Providence on the west side of the river is at present sup- 
plied. He w r as twice elected a member of the Legislature of Rhode 

*May 31, 1760, says the " Memorial," which must be a mistake, if the preceding dates 
are correct. 

f Of several inconsistencies in the notice of the family of Grindal Rawson, this is one. 
It is stated in the "Memorial," pp 41-2, that Mrs. Nancy Rawson "died the year of her 
marriage, 1771, leaving one daughter;" and yet, on the same page, the birth of this " one 
(laughter" is said to have taken place " Aug. 18, 1773," i. e. two years after the death of 
her mother ! 



li 19.] A ■ ti> D - n ' v ." Bl 1 

[Island in L760. Bis fum rmon, \ 

[Joseph Snow, Jr., was from the I t, ■• I 

\to his burial, an i r him ; ' 

very appropri b, inasmu :h as the 1 1 

soc ' i iriptioD 

"Stephen H i, Esq., died March 11, 177.), in tip urof hi 

J I « waa of a noted familj it reputation." 

His wife Elizabeth died March 15, LI Their cl il : 

wax in number, were, 

8imeon and Elliot, who both joined the Revolu! 1 in 

• 

Elizabeth (94) 

Locil la, married Seth , brother of Gen William Barton, ai I 

in I 760, aged 2 1 . 

87. I V. r \i i, R iws ■ ■ R ,8 i.. born April 
'.'. 1725, married Phebe, daughter of Abel G r, of Nantucl t, 

I settled in that town. He waa master of a v< at 

i, with all his crew, in L772. Hiswif Hid 

children w ere, 

Stephen, born Sept 29, 1761. | '•'») 
Abel, '• L764 

Deborah, u 1766. I i 

Phebe, died in 1788 ; Margaret, di< '1 in 17 
Wilson, born in May, 177 1. 

88. IV. Thomas Rawson, youi >n and child of Wilson R 
ion, Sen., married, *f 1st. Anna Waldron, about 17--7, who died July 
29, Hi : 2d. Hannah Nelson, March 29, 1785. He settled in Men- 
don, but i issed the last years of his life in Milford, where he died July 
1". 1802, having had issue as follows: — 

William, born Nov. 11, 1788, married Mary Aldrich; Priscilla, born 
M .\ 22, 17 1 < », married Ephraim Walker; Stephen, born March 2, 171.1. 
married Silence Wood, settled in Townsend, Vt, was 1 N aeon of the Church 
there, and died in 1827. 

Nathaniel, born July 9, 1745. (99) 

Rachael, •' March 6, 17 17. (10 

Anna, - May 8, 1749. (101) 

Persis, " May 6, L751, married Joseph Carpenter, of TJxbridge; 

( ttharine, born May 20, 1757, died Oct 1761 ; Pernal, (a daughter) born 
July L2, L760, died Oct L761 ; Prances, born July 8, L768. 

'. IV. Mart Dorr, eldest child of Rev. Joseph Dorr, by his 
wife Mary Rawson, born June 6, 172$, married Rev. Moses Taft, 
Aug, 15, 1753. Mr. Taft, a native of Mendon, was born July 20, 
1722, X graduated at Harvard College In 1751, was ordained Tastor of 

♦Acts VIII. J. 

t"Tlu> date o( his birth in the records of Mendon," (as given, ante, 8. Ill,) "is probably 
incorrect,' 1 s;w> the "Memorial," p 
} Records of Harvard College. 



312 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raivson. [Oct. 

the Church in Randolph, as successor to Rev. Elisha Eaton, Aug. 26, 
1752, and continued in the ministry until his death, Nov. 12, 1791.* 
He had four sons, 

Moses, born June 10, 1754, graduated at Harvard College in 1774, was 
a Physician, and settled in Sudbury, Mass.; Eleazer, born Oct. 11, 1755, 
graduated at Harvard in 1783, died at Exeter, N. H., in 1834 ; Joseph, 
born Aug. 15, 1756, graduated at Harvard in 1783 ; Phineas, born Aug. 
11, 1762, graduated at Harvard in 1789 ; and also four daughters, one of 
whom married an Allen, one a French, one a Henshaw, and one Samuel 
Stetson, of Boston. 

40. IV. Hon. Joseph Dorr, eldest son of Rev. Joseph Dorr, born 
May 24, 1730, graduated at Harvard College in 1752, studied Divinity, 
and preached occasionally for several years. His exertions in the cause 
of liberty were great and unceasing. He was one of the Commission- 
ers chosen to wait upon the Mandamus Councillors of the County of 
Worcester, and to demand a surrender of their Commissions. Three 
hundred days of each year from 1773 to 1780 were devoted by him to 
the public service without compensation. He was Town Clerk, Justice 
of the Peace, a member of the Secret Committee, of the Committee of 
Safety, and of the Committee of Correspondence, a member of the Leg- 
islature, &c. After the "War which resulted in our Independence, he 
was appointed a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and Judge of 
Probate, which offices were held by him until near the close of his life. 
He died Oct. 31, 1808. By his wife, Catherine Bucknam, whom he 
married Dec. 6, 1768, he had eight children, namely, 

Joseph, born March 10, 1769, died March 25, 1769 ; Catherine, born 
Aug. 17, 1770, died young; 

Joseph Hawley, born July 20, 1772. (102) 

Samuel, " June 23, 1774. (103) 

Sarah, " Aug. 10, 1776, married Jonas Newell, of New 

Braintree, and died in 1823; Thomas Shepard, born Nov. 11, 1778, mar- 
ried a Parsons, and died Oct. 1816; Mary, born Jan. 7, 1784, married 
Oliver Fox, Esq., of Fitchburg; Edward, born Oct. 20, 1786, went South 
in 1815, and settled in Nova Iberia, Louisiana. He owned an Island at the 
mouth of Trinity River, Texas, called Dorr's Island, where he was exten- 
sively engaged in the breeding of horses and cattle. He died in April, 1847. 

41. IV. Catherine Dorr, second daughter of Rev. Joseph Dorr, 
born March 8, 1732, married Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, March 27, 1760. 
Mr. Emerson was a native of Uxbridge, Mass., and in the summer of 
1764 preached in Georgetown, Lincoln County, Maine, as a candidate 
for settlement. Soon receiving a call, he accepted thereof, was or- 
dained July 3, 1765, and " remained happily and peacefully with the 
people for about fourteen years. At that period the Revolutionary 
War rendered his situation unpleasant. The settlements on the coast, 
and especially at the mouth of large rivers, were considered unsafe, the 
expenses of the war lay heavy on the people, and the depreciation of 

*Noyes's Complete List of the Congregational Ministers in the County of Norfolk, 
Mass., in Amer. Quart. Register, VIII. 45, 54. 



1 v 19. J -A' ' I > \ /' m. 813 

the pa] cy of the country made Mr. E 's nominal 

to be of little value. All thee Induced him to r 

for a season. 1 1 pended hu minis! 

town, and, taking hu family, removed op the river t 

where he remained until Ma L7E 3 iountrywaa then at 

ice, and taking the advice of a Council, tuned 

ministerial labors is G< 

idily and faithfully until the year L810. A.1 this time I i otal 
powers became impaired to rable degree, and he found it i, 

iry to retire from the ministry. Be died '• , L815, 

age of 79 years," and i d of with marked n 

t man. ' Hi- children were 

Phebe, bora July BO, L762. (104) 
• kiel, •• July 6, L765. (10 

Hawley, u I> o. 7. L766. | LOj 

Calvin, u Jan. 9, L769. ( L07J 

Luther, " Sept. 26, 1772, graduated at Dartmouth ( 
married a Holden, practised Law in Sedgwick Me*, for 
removed to Ohio ; Eusebius, born Aug. 24, 177 1, mar 

Soaannah, born I tec 18, 1 776. | 1 1 

Mary, u July, 1778. (10 

Elisabeth, M in May, I780j died in July, 17- 

42. [V. Pri v bild of : I, of IV - . ] y 
his wife Rachael Raws >n, bora in 17 l v . married a 1 in 
that part of the town of Mendon which is d ••. Milf I in 
December, L802, having had ten children, ai 

Phineas, married and settled in Mendon; I tally 

wounded at the battle <»t" White Plaii 

Samuel, horn April 1. L752, (11") 

Aaron, Berved in the Continental Army in his youth, B( ltl( '1 llr-t in Sur- 
ry, X. II., and afterward- in Wardsboro*, Yt., ami was a millwright : Jane, 
married and Bettled in Springfield, Oswego County, N. V ; 

Paul, (ill) 

Lois; 

Eunice. (112) 

Eleanor, married Daniel Hayward; Dinah. 

43. 1\'. Edmund Grindal Rawson, eldest ind child of R 
Grindal Rawson, Jr., graduated at Yale College in 1759, studied Di- 
vinity, and preached occasionally. He married, in 1768, S -rain dan 
ter of Christopher Holmes, a Deacon in his father's Church, and 11 

in the house which was owned and occupied by his father, lie died in 
the 85th year of his age, having had issue, 

Charles Chauncy, died in Bermuda, aged 10 ; John Wilson, died aged 9 
years; Thomas Hooker, married Melinda Bingham, was a Physician, and 
practised in New Haven a few years, whence he removed to Geneva Co., 
N. Y., where his descendants reside ; Edmund Grindal. born Jan. 26, 1772, 
married Maria Van Buren, of Kinderhook, N. Y., May 11, 1704, was a 

* Greenleaf s Ecclesiastical History of the State of Maine, pp. 79— SI ; Williamson's 
History * f Maine, (new impression, 8?o. Hallowell, 1839,) ii., S ( .». note. 

20 



314 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raivson. [Oct. 

Physician, settled in Broadalbin, N. Y., and died Nov. 28, 1847 ; Dorothy 
Blanchard, died aged 2 years ; Ozias Holmes, a Physician in New York, 
died aged 24; Joseph Perne, died aged 26; Sarah Andrews, married Oli- 
ver Usher, of Hartford, Conn., and removed to Macon, Georgia; Dorothy- 
Nichols, lives at Macon, Ga. ; Catharine Chauncy, married George Palmer, 
in 1815, and died in 1826; Charles Wilson, married Mary Shackleford, of 
Gwinett County, Georgia, and died leaving five children, Mary, Charles, 
Edward, Floyd, and Grindal. 

44. IV. Abner Hazeltine, only child of Abner Hazeltine, of 
Sutton, by his wife Elizabeth Rawson, born Nov. 5, 1781, married 
Widow Martha (Bobbins) Goss, of Menclon, removed to Wardsboro', 
Vt., about 1795, and died in February, 1816. His wife died in May, 
1806. Their children were, 

Susanna, married John Belcher, of Wrentham, Mass., and had seven 
children ; Martha, married Oliver Carpenter, of Mendon, and had four 
children ; Daniel, married Susanna Jones, removed from Vermont to New 
York, had ten children, and died in June, 1828 ; Chloe, married Phineas 
Wood, of Mendon ; Betsy, married Whitney Jones, of Dover, N. H., and 
had nine children ; Rhoda, married Asa Phillips, of Milford, Mass,, and 
had ten children ; Polly, married Levi Jones, of Bunts, N. Y. f and had 
eight children ; Abigail, married Benjamin Gould, of Dover, and had three 
children ; Hannah, married Joseph White, of Uxbridge, and had nine chil- 
dren. 

45. IV. Joseph Wood, son of James Wood, of Mendon, by his 
wife Elizabeth, widow of Abner Hazeltine, married and had six chil- 
dren, named Hezekiab, James, Susan, Benjamin, Sarah, and Amos. 

FIFTH GENERATION. 

46. V. Thomas Rawson, eldest son and child of William Rawson ? 
Jun., married Miss Read, daughter of Samuel Read, Esq., of Uxbridge,. 
was a farmer, settled in Uxbridge, and was an active whig in the time 
of the Revolution. He died or was killed, in the service of his country y 
in New York or on York Island, when New York was evacuated, as 
nothing was heard of him afterwards. He had eight children, viz : 

Bailey, settled in Townsend, Vt., and is Deacon of the Church in that 
town ; Gardner, married Susan Wilkinson, settled in the same place, and 
had fourteen children, of whom Rev. Thomas Read Rawson, of Albany, N. 
Y , born in 1803, a graduate at Amherst College in 1830, is one ; Samuel, 
also settled in Townsend : Lyman, settled in the same town, died in Caro- 
line, N. Y. ; Nabby, married George Parsons, of Uxbridge, and settled in 
Northbridge ; Lydia and Eunice, both settled in Townsend ; Olive, born in 
1789, married Capt. J. Hazelton, of Townsend. 

47. V. John Rawson, son of William Rawson, Jun., married 
Elizabeth Bruce, of Mendon, May 26, 1761, and settled in that place. 
Their children were, 

Margaret, born Dec. 14, 1761 ; Catherine* born Aug. 27, 1763 ; Turner, 
born Sept. 3, 1767 ; Abigail, born Aug. 21, 1770; John Cook, born March 
1, 1774; Betsy, born Feb. 7, 1778. 

48. V. Perne Rawson, son of William Rawson, Jun., born Oct. 



1849.] Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raivson. 315 

24, 1741, married Mary Aldrich, of Mendon, Feb. 4, 1762, settled in 
Mendon, and had, 

William, horn Aug. 20, 1702, killed in the Revolutionary "War, while 
quite a young man; Margery, born Dec. 20, 1701; Secretary, horn Dee. 
28, 1708, married Lucy Maynard, Oct. 6, 1794 ; Mary, hern July 21, 1771 ; 
Andrew, horn March 10, L773, graduated at Brown University in 1800, 
married Jerusha Skinner, Jan. 21, l.si»7, died March 28, 1835, at Barre, 

Orleans County, N. Y., leaving four children, (namely, Mary A., horn July 

31, 1809, married Alvah Lewis in L827, settled at Ely ra, Ohio ; Rev. Sam- 
uel Andrew, of Rushford, N. V., horn Aug. 23, 1811, married Susan L. 
Hubbard; Lydia Everett, born Sept. 28, 1818, Oberlin, Ohio; Martha W., 

born April 16, 1826); Thomas, horn Dee 1, 177»); Lucy, horn March 7, 
1770 ; Jam;, horn Sept. 14, 17S1 ; Margaret, horn dan. 15, L784 ; William, 
born Dee. 18, L786, married Polly Harvey, in 1813. 

49. V. Edward Rawson, son of William Rawson, Jim., born 
July 25, 1744, married, in 1764, Sarah, daughter of Joseph Sadler, 
of Upton, settled in Mendon, was a farmer, and highly useful as a far- 
rier, and died in 180G, having had children as follows, viz. 

Cyrenius, of Mendon, born Dim-. 12, 170)1, died Jan. 27, 1806; Sarah, of 
Mendon, born Aug. 4, 1766, died Sept. 21, 1848; Joseph, born Aug. 1G, 
17(58, graduated at Brown University in 1794, married Rebecca Bullock, 

settled at Bristol, R. I., afterwards at Harrington, in the Bame State, v. 

Justice of the Peace, member of the General Assembly, and Chief-Justice 

of the Court of Common Pleas, and died Die. 1 1, 1843, having had five 
children, namely, Ethan Allen, horn Oct. 22, 17'.»S, served in the I . S 
Navy a number of years, Julia Morcau, horn Aug 17, 1 501, married J. D. 
Allen, of Providence, Mary Ann, horn Oct 6, 1804, married George S. 
Brown, Providence, William Bullock, horn Aug. 17, 1S<>7, died May 10, 
1810, and Joseph W., born June 2, 1810, died Aug. 2 1, 1843; Leonard, of 
Pittsford, Vt., born Aug. 23, 1771, married Lydia Hitchcock, had seven 
children, of whom Professor Leonard Rawson, of Middlebury College, Vt., 
was one, and died Dec. 27, 1820; Orson, born in 1772, died Oct., 177-3; 
Liberty, born April 13, 1775, graduated at Brown University in 1800, of 
Mendon, died June 15, 1819; Mary born Dec. 30, 1777, married Jared 
Thayer, of Mendon, had a daughter Mary, and died June 25, 1803 ; Simon 
or Simeon, of Mendon, born June 24, 1780, manri$d Abigail Wood, had ten 
children, and died July, 1847 ; Abigail Ellis, born June 19, 1784. 

50. V. Jonathan Rawson, youngest son of William Rawson, 
Jun., born March 15, 1749, married Bathsheba Tracy, of Preston^ 
Conn., was a sadler, and removed to Wyoming, Penn., where he was 
sent out, at the time of the memorable massacre, with twenty others, on 
a scouting expedition, on which occasion the party of which he was one, 
fell in with some few Indians., belonging to a scout of the enemy, whom 
they killed. He did not re turn, to Wyoming until after the battle. He 
died in Rushford, N. Y., in 1827, having had, 

Isaac, born June 25, 1773, married Rhoda Culver in 1796; Margaret; 
Hannah; Zeyphena; Solomon, born in 1786, married Mehitablo Tracy, of 
Angelica, N. Y. ; William, married, first, Susanna Swift, second, Betsy 
Osborn, and died at Lynden, N. Y. 

51. V. Anna Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Jun., born 



316 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson, [Oct. 

May 21, 1758, married John Younge, of Milton, Mass., and had one 
son, John Rawson,* born Sept. 18, 1798, married Submit Holbrook, 
settled in Milton, and had four children. For her second husband she 
married Nicholas Frothingham, and died Sept. 15, 1837, aged 79. 

52. V. Jonathan Rawson, eldest son and child of Jonathan Raw- 
son, born Aug. 7, 1762, married Widow Mary Houghton, daughter of 
Ebenezer Pope, Esq., of Dorchester, Jan. 10, 1786, and died July 31, 
1819. His wife was born Jan. 18, 1756, and died March 2, 1831, 
having had, by her second husband, 

Ebenezer, born July G, 1787, married Leah Davis in 1827, and settled 
at Townsend, Mass. ; Jonathan, born Nov. 1, 1780, resides in Boston ; Ma- 
ry, born Sept. 12, 1791, married Beza Soule, Sept. 17, 1815, settled in 
Quincy, Mass., and lias had five children, one of whom, George, graduated 
at Amherst College in 1817; Abigail, born Jan. 12, 1793; Samuel, born 
Feb. 22, 1791, resides on the ancient Rawson farm in Quincy; William, 
born Aug. 22, 1796, died Jan. 1, 1824; Henry, born Jan. 7, 1798, died 
Sept. 7, 1798 ; Clarissa, born July 7, 1800. 

53. V. Mary Rawson, daughter of Jonathan Rawson, married 
Lemuelf Billings, May 8, 1783, and lived in Quincy, where she died 
March 10, 179o. Her husband died Oct. 14, 1797. Their children 
were, 

Mary, born Oct. 20, 1783, married William Glover, June 14, 1804; 
Eunice, born Dec. 11, 17S4, died Aug. 10, 1802; Hannah, born Jan. 13, 

1788, married Thomas Adams, and died Feb. G, ; John, born Aug. 27, 

1792, married Lydia Faxon, Oct. 10, 1813, settled in Quincy, Mass., and 
had seven children. 

54. V. Samuel Rawson, son of Elijah Rawson, married, and re- 
moved from Shrewsbury, Mass., 1793, to Pittstown, N. Y. His chil- 
dren were, 

Eleanor, lives in Pittstown ; Lois, married Henry Manderville, and had 
nine children ; Parmy, married a Stearns, and had four children ; Samuel, 
married, and settled in Adams, Jefferson County, N. Y., had twelve chil- 
dren ; Sally, married Phillip Mitchell, settled in Pittstown, and had eight 
children ; Mary, married William Wellington, had two children, and died 
in Pittstown ; Lydia, born Dec. 3, 1788, married Charles W. Harbach, of 
Sutton, Mass., settled at Pontiac, Michigan, and has had six children ; James, 
married, settled in Belfast, N. Y., and had seven children ; Alice, married 
James Knapp, settled in the same place, and had six children. 

55. Y. Dea. Samuel Bass, eldest son and child of Samuel Bass, 
by his wife Ann Rawson, born Aug. 22, 1747, married, 1st, Sept. 29, 
1772, Elizabeth Brackett, who had seven children, and died Jan 15, 
1828 ; 2d, Nancy Battles, by whom he had two daughters, and died 
Feb. 23, 1840. His children were :— 

* Thus on page 54 of the " Memorial ; " but on page 109, where his children are given, 
he is called " David R. Younge." 

t Samuel Billings, on page 31, and Lemuel Billings on page 55, of the " Memorial." The 
latter reading being accompanied by the date of his marriage, we have thought best to 
cidopt it, on that account, in preference to the former. 



1 - /,' h - /,' 

William, bom I ' Neff; Samuel 

1775, married Polly Belcher, settled at Randolph, Vu, and bad < bil- 

dren ; Mos< . married Mehitable Herrick, setth d in Randolph, o 
children; Peter, married Hannah Hardy; Seth, rollj Wnil 

Hiram, married Rebekah Herrick; Elizabeth, • IS ! ; 

Sarah, married Micah Mann; Anna, married Joseph 

56. V. Edward Bass, Bass, Sen., 

17 : ! Bat) Keith, of U 

. 1771, bad chi] h 

i ic, born Nov. 5, 1772 ; Z 
v ith I )r. Ebei l . of Randolph, 

profession in the North Parish ■ >!' Bridget inder tl 

auspices, but died 1. univ< really lamented.* 

67. V. M \ky B - imuel I ' 

wife \ 'i, born Oct. 21, 17 11 

Quincy, and had four child] 

Else? i William, died 

V. .1 1 i \ I of Peter 1 

by his wife Elizabeth R I 13, 17 

Field, in 1787, lived in Q y, and 1 

1 ' ter, born Jan. 5, 1 789, marri< '11 5. 1 

died Maj , 1791 ; Jed 
y P. B t,died Oct 21, l 3: 

Aug. 3 1 , 1 795 ; Ji rusb i I ... I »i n June 11.17. ID 

! er, born Julv lied An-. 12, 1818; 1 

12, 1802, married Joshua \ 12, l?- 2 ; 'J 

18, 1813, died Oct 2, L818. 

\ . M \ky R IWS >N, 1 ! ' 

1759, married David W. I 
with considerable poetical I 
pencil. She and her husband 
had children as follows*, 

Hannah, born in 1779, married Benjamin Eleywood, settled in G 
and had ail children; Mary, born in 1782, married John Pi t tied in 

Salem, and had ten children ; Sally, born in 1783, married Joseph Merriam, 
and Bettled in Grafton; Joseph, born in 1786, married Charlotte Merriam, 
is a Merchant in Charleston, S C, of the firm of Leland, Bi 
and has two children ; Sabra, born in 1789, n n Grafton; Mebal 

born in 1791, married John Wyman, and settle. 1 in Suffield, Conn. ; 
born in 1793, died in infancy : David Warren, born in 1795, married Maria 
Ho\s. , is one o\' the firm of L land, Brothers & ; < • S tary, 

born in 1797, died at Nice, Italy, in 1822; Phim m w si ■ o, born in 
1798, was a graduate of the Maine Medical School in 1826, married Par- 
melia Wood, of Mendon, settled at Fall River, where 1 J n-al 

years Collector of the Customs, and member of the S L islature, b 
live children. 

Mrs. Mary Leland died Jan. 14, 1825. 

* See a more extended notice of Dr. Bass in Thajer'fl Family Memorial, pp. JS-9. 



318 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

60. V. Dr. Secretary Rawson, youngest child of Josiali Rawson, 
born Sept. 19, 1773, married Lucy Russell, and died in 1842, at Jeri- 
cho, Vt, leaving five children, 

Eleanor D., Solon B., Oran, Lucy, and Homer, most of whom reside in 
Jericho. 

61. V. Prudence Rawson, eldest child of Ebenezer Rawson, born 
Dec. 24, 1758, married Stephen March, of Sutton, Aug. 24, 1783, 
and had, 

Daniel, who died young; Daniel, graduated at Brown University in 
1806; Hannah, married George Robinson (G4. V.) ; George; Prudence, 
died young; Oliver, settled in Illinois. 

62. V. Lydia Rawson, second child of Ebenezer Rawson, born 
April 23, 1760, married Daniel Bullen, in June, 1784, who was a far- 
mer, and lived in Hebron, now Oxford, Maine. Their children were, 

Daniel, born in 1784, died in 1788 ; John Rawson, born March 19, 1787, 
married Sally Wright, settled at Oxford, Maine, had five children, and died 
July, 1846; Sally, born April 2, 1780, married Eliab Richmond, settled at 
Rumford, Maine, and had eight children; Lydia, born in 1791, married 
Robert Hilburn, settled in Oxford, and had four children ; Daniel, born 
April 18, 1793, married Mary Lombard, and had five children ; Julia, born 
April 1, 1796, married Amos Merriam ; Clarissa, born June 27, 1799, mar- 
ried Giles Shurtleff, settled in Oxford, and had two children ; Mary, born 
March 20, 1801, married Luther Perkins, settled in Oxford, and had seven 
children. 

63. V. Col. Ebenezer Rawson, eldest son of Ebenezer Rawson, 
born Dec. 22, 1761, married Elizabeth Tailor, of Cornish, N. H., set- 
tled in Cornish, where he lived several years, removed thence to Paris, 
Maine, and in various capacities contributed to the advancement of the 
interests and prosperity of that town. He died June 26, 1839, and 
his wife died in 1841. Their children were, 

Eliza, born Dec. 6, 1792, married Asa Robinson, settled in Paris, and 
had two children; Celinda, born April 22, 1795, married John Deming ; 
Sarah, born Oct. 24, 1797, died Aug. 18, 1821; Harriet, born April 20, 
1800, married James F. Carter, Esq., of Bethel, Maine, had one child, 
Harriet Octavia, who died Nov. 28, 1844 ; Ebenezer Gilman, born Oct. 16, 
1802, graduated at Union College in 1827, is a Lawyer in Bangor, and the 
present Judge of Probate for Penobscot County ; Sullivan Sumner, born 
Oct. 3, 1806, graduated at Water ville College in 1828, is a Lawyer in East- 
port, and has been County Attorney, Collector of the Port of Passamaquoddy, 
Senator in the State Legislature, and Aide-de-Camp to the Governor. 

64. V. Sarah Rawson, daughter of Ebenezer Rawson, Sen., born 
March 16, 1763, married Samuel Robinson, a farmer, settled in Hebron, 
now Oxford, Maine, and had issue, three sons, 

Prescott, a West Point Cadet in 1816 ; George, married Hannah March 
(61. V.), settled in Oxford, and had three children; Samuel, married Mary 
Williams. 

65. Y. Abxer Rawson, second son of Ebenezer Rawson, Sen., 



1 8 19.] ' ; /' v /• 

bora March 2, 1765, ied, I t, Abigail Fuller, of Hel 

2d, Widow Poor, of Bast Andover, was a tanner, and had childr 

Evander Fuller, graduated at Brown University in I lettled 

Lawyer in Lynchburg, Virjrinia: Orissa, raarri »mas Clark, foi 

:s Clerk of Court*, atOxford, Maine; Sabra; Lyman, ated at 

Waterville College in 1827, man ; i II ' '. \ 

a Representative in the - s ' il I gislature from Ruraford, late Judge of Pro- 
bate for Oxford County, Maim-; Louisa Abigail Fuller, married E 
Rawson Holmes (66. V.) ; Diantha • ' V ■ . 1 Dr. Pidgin, 

boo of Bey. William Pidgin, former P i of the S h in Minot, 

Blaine; George Burrill, M. D., married a Mellen, and lives in x 1" 

land, .Mail 

66. V. jERUSHi Rawson, daughter of E , Sen., 
born Oct. 18, 1769, married Capt. James Holm . r,inB 

and had nine children, namely, 

James Stewart, graduated at Brown University lo 1819, married Jane 
Shaw Patten, settled in Foxcroft, Maine, and had seven children ; Salmon, 
married Abigail Blake, settled in Foxcroft, and 1 children; Cyrus, 

married Fidelia Blake, settled in Foxcroft, and had eight children ; J 
married Vesta Hamlin, Bettled in Calais, Maine, and had five childn 
Eleazer Austin ; Ebenezer Rawson, married Louisa \ F R 
Jerusha, married Lyman Rawson, (65. Y.) \ John Sullivan; Freeland. 

67. V, C M'!'. S w\\ EL R w f El . & n., 
born Sept. 4, 1771, married Polly, daughter of Dr. I [and of Sutton, 
was a Badler in early life, otly an affluent fanner in P 
Maine, where he settled. BTe died in L829, his wife surviving him. 

His children were six in number, 

Mary Ann, married Simeon Fuller, M I>. settled in Rumford, Mai 
Arabella, married Men. Timothy J. Carter, Sept II, 1828, wh i 1 in 

Paris, and died at Washington, a member of Congress, in 1837, leaving 
one son, Samuel Etawson, now in Bowdoin College ; Abigail A., married 
Henry E. Prentiss, Sept 30, I ettled at Bangor, and had bil- 

dren ; Columbia, married Dee 30, 1833, Hon. "\ " i i- -_r i 1 D Parria, formerly 
member of Congress from Oxford District, Maine, now United States Mar- 
shal for Maine, and has had three children ; Frances F., married, dune 29, 
1842. William II. Kimball. County Attorney for Oxford, settled at Paris, 

and had three children J dames Freeland, a partner in the practice of the 

Law with Henry K. Prentiss, Bangor. 

68. V. Elizabeth Rawson, daughter of Ebenexer Raws n, Sen., 

horn June 5, 1774, married Jacob Dodge, a fanner, of Easi S 
Mass., and settled in that town, where they had children as. follows, viz. 

Sarah, horn Sept. 1. 1801 ; Mary, born Oet. 1 1, 1803, married Silas Raw- 
son, of Nbrthbridge ; Harvey, born March "J 7, married Catherine, 
daughter of Elijah Thayer, Esq., o( Mendon, and has one child ; Clara R., 
born May 1, 1809; Ebenezer K.. horn March 8, 1811, married Mercy M. 
Comstoek, of Blackstone, lives in Grafton, and has one child; Reuben 
Rawson, born April o, 1819, settled at East Sutton ; Gardner Hubbard, 
born June 17, 1821, married Charlotte, daughter of Dr. Benjamin Hubbard, 
of Rome, N. Y. 



320 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

G9. Y. Nizaula Rawsox, daughter of Ebenezer Rawson, Sen., 
born April 18, 1777, married Timothy Hutchinson, (born in 1776,) in 
1796, who settled finally in Albany, Maine, as a farmer. Their chil- 
dren, 

Lewis, born Oct. 3, 1797, married a Merrill, in March, 1819, settled at 
Milan, N. H., and had four children ; Galen, born Jan. 8, 1798, married and 
settled in Milan, and had four children ; Nizaula, born Feb. 13, 1801, mar- 
ried Herman Town, and had two daughters ; Marmaduke Rawson, born in 
1802, married in 1826, settled in Albany, Maine, and had five children ; 
James Sullivan, died young ; Charlotte, died young ; Liberty Haven, born 
in 1808, married in 1835 ; Timothy Harding, born in 1810; Arvilla, born 
in 1812, married William Evans, settled in Milan, and had five children ; 
Clarissa, born in 1813, married William Filigree, settled in Riley, Maine, 
and had four children ; Edwin F., born in 1815, married in 1843, has three 
children; Freeman; Mary, born in 1817, married Dustin P. Ordway, in 
1839, had one child; Diantha, born in 1819, married Prescott Loverin in 
1841, and has two children; Ebenezer Sumner, born in 1821, married in. 
1845, and has one child. 

70. V. Mary Rawson, daughter of Ebenezer Rawson, Sen., born 
July 5, 1779, married, 1st, Sullivan Bridgham, who settled in Charles- 
ton, Maine, and there died, having had one son ; 2d, Thomas Brown, 
settled in Hebron or Minot, Maine, and had two children : — 

Sullivan ; Thomas Huntington, M. D., a Physician in Paris, Maine ; 
Sarah Chase, died Nov. 14, 183G, aged 22. 

71. V. Abigail Rawsox, youngest child of Ebenezer Rawson, 
Sen., born May 11, 1786, married Daniel Adams, of Northb ridge, 
Mass., and died March 2, 1814, having had issue two daughters, 

Sarah, born July 8, 181G, married Albert Burr, and has two children; 
Clarissa, died young. 

72. Y. David Rawson, eldest son and second child of Barnabas 
Rawson, born Dec. 18, 1745, married and settled in Woodstock, Conn., 
and had six children, 

Asa ; Asa ; Lois ; Josiah ; Luther, married and settled in Woodstock, 
and had eight children ; Calvin, married and settled in Woodstock, and had 
six children. 

73. V. Ruth Rawsox, daughter of Barnabas Rawson, married 
Andrew Brown, and had five children. 

74. V. Levi Rawsox, eldest son and child of Edward Rawson, 
born March 27, 1748, was twice married. His first wife's name was 
Thankful, by whom he had six children : 

Warren, born Dec. 15, 1777, married 1st, Mary Adams, 2d, Martha Bul- 
len, was a Lawyer, settled for many years in Mendon, Mass., a member of 
the State Legislature, &c, and died at Mendon, June 17, 1848, having had 
six children ; Olive, born March 7, 1780 ; Hannah, born May 5, 1782 ; 
Levi, born Jan. 4, 1785 ; Edward, born Aug. 23, 1787 ; Daniel, born Sept. 
6, 1790, married and settled at Oakham, Mass., and had nine children. 



1849.] No r ; ■ l> 5 B aw son. 21 

I wife Levi B 

I . \>y whom 

Lei i, born July 2, 1 3' •$, m I ' I 

I ilger, formerly <•!' Nantucki '. M 1 in m< 

Be tt led at Akron, Ohio, and I r children ; Hannah, 1 i \ ;. 5, 1811, 

in; 1 1 1 i« II , I land, lives in M ; Jj 514, 

married, I it, Augusta, and 2d, I U 

I | , of (Baltimore, Md , &ettl< d 

! in imreantile l»n>iiirss, ami 

II.* , A] ril 17,1 

I VlB IfidoU Naii • 11,17,. . • . 

7.7. v. Tn i: 

22, 1764, waa a i >ldier in the E 

Bal her, Oct. 6, 1785, . Ma><., >\1 

itinued le until L814. Ail 

with his Bon Fisher in N . I 

1 s I v . II.- children were, 

Hiram, born July 18, 1786, married N i El li 1, I." 

settled in Montgomery, Vt, and had M 

5, married I i Bra \ il 8, Ifi 

Sept 12, 1818; A N rri< I II 

11, 1816, bad two ehild I died I ; Lucy 

Dec, 1791 10, 181 

24, 1 8 1 4 ; H l S ' " N > ■ • \ . 

21, 1 820, ha 1 one son, a merchant i \\ 
Eunice, born 1 1 . 18, 1797, 'li. d 1 1816; 1 

0, married Mar} R. B 
1848; Warren, born June 21, 1802, n I I r. G 

in', ( >cl ' 25, had six children ; II 
Daniel tde Felt, I> e. 25, 1844; Thomp* n B M 21, U 

died at Waldoboro', D 1827; Hannah, lx M i-h 16, 181 

Edward ( 'urtis, of Ne* 2, 1845, 

\ . I I \ \ N \ II 

of Ware and Yarmouth, born Slay 25, 1761, i 

M dway, Sept. L8, L781, Bottled in Ward, Mi 
March 81, 1 816, hating had isc 

Jonathan ( rrindal, baptized July s . 1 782, died in infancy ; Elihu Clei 
died in November, 1809; Dianthe Thatcher, born 1 >■ 1790, mar 

Benjamin Putnam, of Sutton, fid >, 1812, and lives in 1 

Eddington, Maine. 

77. Y. Samuel Ra we i and ehild of Edmund B 
Jan., married a Thwing, of Oxbridge, Bettled in Montague, and I 
several children, two of whom, Elias and Reuel, went I in. 

78. Y. BETH RAWSON, S Edmund EU 3 Q, .Tun., married 

Sarah Torrej, of Mendon* sealed in Uxbridge, and had two children, 

Warren, who resides in Ifendon; and Martha, who married a Browi 
Uxbridge. 

79. V*. Silas Rawson, eldest son and chDd of Abner Raws 



322 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Rawson. [Oct. 

born in 1740, was a farmer, and settled in Uxbridge, married Sarah 
Draper, of that town, sustained town offices for many years, and died 
March 6, 1825, having had children, 

Charles, born Oct. 21, 17G8, married Sarah Hale, bad five children, and 
died Dec. 11, 1808 ; Mercy, born Nov. 10, 1770, married Josiah G. White, 
and had two children, who both died; Milley, born Dec. 23, 1772 ; Simon, 
or Simeon, born April 9, 1775, married, 1st, Lavina Brown, 2d, Nabby 
Putnam, settled in Uxbridge, and had four children. 

80. V. Timothy Rawson, second son of Abner Rawson, was a 
farmer, settled first in Uxbridge, and afterwards removed to Newport, 
N. Y. lie was twice married. His first wife was a Miss Fish, and his 
second an English lady, with whom he removed to Canada. It is said 
of him that " he could manage a cause in a Court of Justice with abil- 
ity, and could preach a good sermon." lie lived to be nearly eighty 
years of age, and had eight children, named Dolly, Chauncy, Perly, 
Lucy, Sally, Luther, Calvin, and Perlina. 

81. V. Riioi»\ Rawson, youngest child of Abner Rawson, born 
Oct. 15, 1740, married Aaron Taft, a farmer of Uxbridge, about the 
year 1768, lived in Uxbridge until March, 1799, when they removed to 
Townsend, Vt., where her husband died in March, 1808, and she her- 
self June 9, 1827. She is described as " a woman of superior ability," 
and a " devoted Christian," and was a member of the Congregational 
Church in Uxbridge and Townsend for more than forty years. Her 
children were, 

Milley, born July 20, 17G0, married Ezekiel Clark in 1792, settled in 
Utica, N. Y., had live children ; Selina, born Feb. 20, 1771, married Jesse 
Murdock in 1793, settled in Townsend, Vt., had three children ; Cynthia, 
born Aug. 17, 1773, married Nathaniel Butler in 1798, settled in Mexico, 
N. Y., and had four children; Rawson, born Oct. 15, 1775, died Oct. 26, 
1776 ; Nancy, born Aug. 20, 1777, married Rev. David R. Dixon, of Uti- 
ca, N. Y., in 1810, left one son, who received a Collegiate education, and is 
a Congregational Minister in Michigan ; Zeruiah, born Nov. 21, 1779, mar- 
ried Maj. Willard Lovell, of Grafton, Mass., afterwards removed to Climax, 
Michigan, had four children ; Mary, born July 12, 1783, married Nathaniel 
Stiles, a farmer, of Rockingham, Vt., and resides in that place ; Peter Raw- 
son, born April 14, 1785, married Sylvia Howard, in 1810, settled in Town- 
send, Vt., was Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and a member of the 
Legislature for many years, emigrated to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1841, and has 
one son, Alphonso, born Nov. 5, 1810, who graduated at Yale College in 
1833, and is a Lawyer in Cincinnati; Sophia, born Dec. 3, 1787, died 
Nov. 27, 1843 ; Judson, born Nov. 6, 1791, died March 20, 1794 ; Samuel 
Judson, born Oct. 4, 1794, married Lucy Hay ward, in 1825, resides in 
Boston, and has one child, Sophia. 

82. V. Betsy Rawson, eldest daughter and second child of Nathan 
Rawson, married Abel Aldrich, and died about 1840, having had issue, 

Abel, married a Comstock, settled in Mendon, and died in 1846 ; Ma- 
randa, married James Howard, and resides at Woonsocket Falls ; Ira, lives 
in Uxbridge ; Welcome, married Maria, daughter of Caleb Rawson, of 
Northbridge ; George W., died young ; Julia, married a Morse ; Thomas J., 
married, and is a farmer in Uxbridge. 






1 6 19, ] ZV D v U ■ - ■ 

V. I • \<- R \- R 

Mi . x > 1 1 . 

1 1 i id n i'ii -1 [ra !•'■. i I 

v. Joira R m 

I I 1 ! . 

1 1 i I ; ( Seth W. ; II .1 '-My, wl ID 

Ward ; Jen nj I • i 

V. Edw/ i: ' . 

177.' . i . . J ( ; . \ . 1 1 . 

I died in .A 

\ If ay 15, 1796, married W 

dren ; I >■ crin • ■' \ ■ . I i v - 

in in. 2d, A ; / til F. G i \\ 

children; Na lian, di< '1 in April, 1821 W , i Mary ( 

Wright, and had four children; .Mary, i 
and had i a i childn n ; II nah •'.. marri B K 

two children ; S illy W., born M ij l 5, I I M. G 

and had six children. 

86. V. James R 

1 T »llj and had, 

Mi rritt, <li<-'l in 1827; Sallj M Inn, i ' R 

V\) ; James Augustus, Louisa S 

B7. V. Grindal B B Ete; 

Is, had 

Re\ . ( rrindal R Unitarian < Jamaica 

Plains, Roxbui ! 3., in 1 - 17 ; ( 

s -. V. Edw \i i: i of John F 

Del I f 2d, A in, dan I 

(>f Chai . 1 1 ind had sii chil h 

Jan< B Ich ^married Ephraim Hall, a; 1 M. D., gradu- 

ated at Harvard College in 1811, man 
William Pratt, Esq., <>f Ln i rpool, 1 
ter of I I«»n. John Phillips, of B >n; William Belcher,] 
Mai i'»-t Carter, of Newburyport; Frances Mackay, married William 
Turrell Andrews, of B ston ; Emily Augusta, married T >ck, 

of B ist< i : Char) ( I Charlotl Si 

V. Joshua K 
Jan., born April 1 , L755, m irried B Ghriffith, • 

and died Jnne 24, L804, having had issu . 

Polly, born Sept. 11, 1778, married Jonathan Vail, and bad elev< n chil- 
dren; Rebecca, born Jane It. 1780, died D l ,born Nov. 
7, 1782, died March 30, 1804; Wilson, born Oct 9, 17-1. married, 1st, 

* Thus on page 92 of the M Memorial;' 1 but 001 ?0D agJ Rawson i- made to 

m.*mv Thankful T. Sherman, and jfbigail P. J, l 

+ Thua on page To of the "Memorial." On page V2 we r '.ileason. without 

a middle initial letter, a> the mime of the same man. 



321 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raw son. [Oct. 

Elizabeth Vail,* 2d, Phila, daughter of Israel Adams, of Sutton, and had 
nine children ; Joshua, born Oct. 27, 1786, married Hopestill Aldrich, had 
one son, Joshua L. ; Abigail, born March 24, 1789, married Freeman 
"White.f had seven children ; Stephen, born April 14, 1791, grachiated at 
Brown University in 1817, married Joanna B. Aldrich, and lives in Upton ; 
Daniel, born July 12, 1793, married and settled in Ohio; John; Levi, 
M. D., born March 17, 1800, graduated at Brown University in 1825, mar- 
ried a Temple, settled at Farnumsville, Grafton, as a Physician, and has one 
daughter. 

90. V. Wilson Rawson, second son and child of Wilson Rawson, 
Jun., married, lived in Upton, and had five children, 

Caleb ; Rana ; Caleb, born June 9, 1780, married Mary Aldrich, and had 
ten children, of whom the third, John Newell, born Dec. 17, 1807, married 
Mary Ann Rawson, (86. V.); Hannah; Rhoda, married James Viall. 

91. V. Margaret Rawson, daughter of Grindal Rawson, born in 
1757, married Capt. Isaiah Cahoone. " He followed the seas, w r as a 
bold and enterprising man, and took an active part in the American 
Revolutionary struggle. He was once taken prisoner, and confined in 
the ' Old Jersey Prison Ship.' With one or two others he effected his 
escape, and reached home after various hardships and sufferings." He 
died in Providence, June 1, 1798, aged 44. Mrs. Cahoone died April 
11, 1801, having been the mother of five children, viz. 

Asa Rawson, died at sea, aged 30 ; Mary, married Ephraim Horsewell, 
and died in 1825 ; Elizabeth Rawson, married Thomas Brownell, died in 
1825 ; Matilda, married John Jepson, died in 1818; Maria, died in Decem- 
ber, 1841, aged 51. 

92. V. Joseph Rawson, son of Grindal Rawson, born Dec. 24, 
1760, joined the Revolutionary Army at the age of 16, and served 
during the war, part of the time as a Lieutenant ; married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel Rhodes, in 1785, and died in Providence, R. I., 
July 19, 1835. His wife, born in 1776, died May 9, 1843. Their 
children were ten in number, 

Samuel, born Aug. 19, 1786, married, 1st, Rosalie Gremont, 2d, Eliza 
Richmond, resides in Providence, and has had eight children ; Joseph, born 
Jan. 27, 1788, a Cabinet maker in Providence ; William Rhodes, born in 
1790, married Eliza Peckham, had three children; Abby, died young; 
Abby Reynolds ; Edward Dickens, born in 1800, died in 1822 ; Grindal, 
died young ; Hannah Ruden ; Grindal, born Aug. 12, 1803, married, March 
30, 1823, Lucretia, daughter of James Cornell, and granddaughter of 
Christopher Leffingwell, Esq., of Norwich, settled at South Woodstock, 
Conn., and had four children ; George Burrill, born in 1805, married Sarah 
Cook, in 1832, and had six children. 

93. V. Hannah Rawson, daughter of Grindal Rawson, born Aug. 
18, 1773, married, 1st, Silas Mitchell, Nov. 15, 1795, who died in 
Buenos Ayres, in 1798, 2d, Capt. John Glazier, of East Greenwich, 

* Elizabeth Viall, on page 71 of the "Memorial"; but we have followed the reading 
given on page 93. 

t Freeborn "White, on page 71 of the "Memorial." 



1 8 < Ni I ' 






R. [., ::i. Col. John S. Eddy, 1". L844 Colonel Edd; . 

or late an officer of the I in Providence, I-!. I.. « 

noted Bhip-builder. His wife had 

Thomas, bom Oct 17, 1796, a Physician in Smith Am - ; 

born I 1 died in 1807 j Edwar II: 

now member of the Town Council in I a, 1*. I., d 

daughter of ( Ihester ( lai Thomas Bur- 

roughs. 

'.' !. \ . Elizai eth R 
R m, married, Jane I 2, L7G8, J Barrill, I 

from Lynn, Mass., and Provid . El. !..» and died March 

1 , 1811, having had children, 

Raw son, I i Fehr. 8, 1770, married A- S ith, had 

children, and died Feb. 19, ; •' Ipril 25, 1772, • 1 

al Brown I Diversity in 1788, and immediate!; red upon the studj 

the Law, in the office of Hon. Theodon r. He was admitt< 1 an At- 

torney and Counsellor al Law in .-ill the ( State, al > 

ber Term of the Supreme Judicial I . in the year 1791. I l 
1797, at the age of twenty-five years, he waa appointed A ral, 

or to Hon K. Green, who had been transferred to the I 
; and retained thi e till May, 1 8 i 3, n 1. 

being greatly impaired by profi ssional labor, hi 
of the Law, tog< ther. In June following I 
General Assembly for the town of Pj . In May, 

chos S eaker of the II the M 

1816, waa elected Chief-Justice Supreme Jutl R 

Island. This office he held until the followii man-, when I 

:ted United Si p, He att( nd< d four - l 

lied Dec. 25, L820, after a few daya illi iplaint, 

ted. By hie wi S • 8^ 

] 797, he had six children. 

95, V. Stephen \\\ Panl K • . ' _ '. 

1761, for many nmanded a Bhip in the Whaling bu 

from the Unite 1 States and Havre, France. Daring the I 
of his life he commanded a vessel in the merchant 

:. with his whole Bhip's company, within a few 
his home, \\ ril 2, L807. His wife Abigail, dan • h 11 ath, 

of Boston, whom he married in 1787, died in Deci . I B< _'. having 
been the mother of seven children, viz. 

Avis, horn in 1788, married Capt Timothy Bunker, of Nantucket, in 
1-807, and died in 1812, leaving one daughter, Avis R, born in 1808; Pris- 
•illa. horn in 1790, married William Stubbs, of Nantucfe I in 1822; 

Charles, horn in 1 7'.> 1, married, 1st, in 1817, Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Nickerson, of Warwick, who died in January, 1838, 2d, Mary, daughter of 
Samuel J... Valentine, formerly of Boston, was taken pris< ner by the Ih-it- 
ish four times during the War of 1812, and was a successful shipmaster in 
the Whaling business from 1820 to In;'.', seven years from New Bedford, 
four years from Havre, France, and eight years from Hudson, N. Y. ; Jo- 
seph, drowned in the English Channel, in 1827; William, horn in 17 8, 
married Susan Chase, of Nantucket, at present commands the whi 



326 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raivson. [Oct. 

John Adams, of Nantucket ; Margaret, born in 1802, married Sliubael 
Clark, in 1824, and had four children; Lydia, born in 1804, married Dr. 
Nathaniel Ruggles, died in 1829, leaving one son, Charles. 

96. V. Abel Rawson., son of Paul Rawson, born in 1764, was a 
successful shipmaster, for many years, from New York, subsequently 
settled at Princes Bay, Staten Island, N. Y., where he was several 
years keeper of the beacon-light, and where he died in 1840. He 
married in 1785, Lydia Briggs, of Nantucket, who now lives in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., having had children as follows: 

Susan, married Charles Coffin, and had two children ; Valina, married 
Rev. Seth F. Swift, lives at Oswego, N. Y., and has had three children ; 
Edward B., born in 1795, married Sarah Joy, had two sons, and died in 
1840; Deborah, married Charles F, Briggs, has one child ; Charlotte, mar- 
ried a Puffer, a Merchant of Brooklyn, New York. 

97. V. Deborah Rawson, daughter of Paul Rawson, born in 
1766, married Edmund Crocker, a farmer, of West Barnstable, and 
had one son, 

Stephen B, born in 1807, married* in 1831, and had four children. 

98. V. Wilson Rawson, eldest son and child of Paul Rawson, 
born in May, 1774, settled in Nantucket, where he was Deacon of the 
First Congregational Church from 1802 until his death, in 1836. He 
married twice, 1st, Ursula, daughter of Caleb Gardner, of Nantucket, 
who died in 1795, having had six children, and 2d, Phebe, daughter of 
Solomon Folger, of the same place, who died in 1846, leaving no issue. 
The names of his children were, 

Paul, died in New York, a Merchant, in 1804, aged 24 ; George, died in 
1803; Valentine, drowned at sea, in 1806 ; Phebe, born in 1785, married 
Capt. Jesse Coffin, in 1801 ; Asa, born in 1791, married Mary Fish, in 
1822, and had six children ; Buell, born in 1794, married, 1st, Mary Coffin, 
2d, Mrs. Mercy Jones, and died in 1845, having had three children. 

99. V. Dea. Nathaniel Rawson, son of Thomas Rawson, born 
in Mendon, July 9, 1745, was a farmer, and Deacon of the Congrega- 
tional Church in Mendon, whence he removed to Milford, April 1, 1793. 
By his wife Elizabeth Nelson, whom he married March 26, 1768, he had, 

Sophonisba, born Dec. 14, 1768, married Elijah Stone, Dec. 5, 1794, and 
had six children; Ruth, born Oct. 25, 1770, married Nathan Parkhurst, 
and had six children ; Catherine, born Jan. 7, 1773, married Ithiel Park- 
hurst, March 6, 1794, and had eight children ; Elizabeth, born Feb. 9, 1775, 
married Rev. Gordon Johnson, of Killingly, Conn., a Congregational Min- 
ister, and had two sons, of whom one died, and the other is Rev. J. R. 
Johnson, a Congregational Clergyman; Hammond, born April 22, 1777, 
died July 7, 1846 ; Silence, born March 16, 1779, died March 7, 1797; 

*This is an instance in which the unaccountable discrepancies in the "Memorial of the 
Rawson Family" is a source of much perplexity. On" page 79 of the "Memorial" it is 
stated that Stephen B. Crocker "married Lydia Crocker, 1831 ;" while on page 97 we are 
informed that the same Stephen B. Crocker's wife's name was " Deborah Rawson," with 
nothing added to this bare statement, to shew that the former was erroneous, or that 
" Deborah liawson " was a second wife. 



1849.] .V lice* of flu I> 'ant* of s lory />' 327 

Nathaniel, bom Feb. 26, 1780, settled ai a Congregational Minister in 
Hardwick, Vt., subsequently in Hampton, Conn., married, 1st, Betsey Pitch, 
2<lj Sarah Piper, and lm<l six children; Jared, born Jan. 2, 17- v l ) , man 
Anna T, Waldron, Nov. 5, 1820, and bad six children ; Anna, born March 
21, l ?*.">, married Luther Clafton,* June < s , 1609, and bad seven children; 
1; sa, born June 80, 1788, married Dea. Peter Rockwood, of Milford. 

LOO. V. Rachabl Rawson, daughter of I B ■., bora 

March '*>, IT 17, married Ste] ben < lhapin, Jan. I'-.t 17t'> v , lived in t : 
part "t* Mendon since incorporated a- Milford, a , _. IT'.'T. 

Her husband died in 1 816, having had 

Calvin, born in 1769, a farmer, married, and settled in Pelham Mass.; 
Etachael, born in 1771, married Elijah Albee, a farmer, of Milford; Lutl 
married Polly Wedge, of Milford settled in Pelham, where he no* resid 
Cynthia, born in 1773, married Nahum W< I Milford, a farmer, who 

settled in Pelham; Stephen, born in 1777. I at Harvard ColI< 

in 1804, was settled as a Congregational Minister in U V N II . 

where he married, was afterwards installed at Mount Vernon, N. II.. wl 
In* became a Baptist, was Professor of T in Waterville Colh 

Maine, from 1822 to 1828, was elected President of Columbia ColK 
Washington, D. C, where be died in 1846; Beth, born in 1783, married 
Polly Wood, of Mendon ; Otis, born in L785, married Abigail 
Milford, settled in Monson, as a manufacturer. 

101. V. A\\\ dVawson, daughter of Tl i • R , born May 
8, ITU 1 , married Col. Benjamin Boppin, of Proi •• a worthy 
man and an honorable merchant," and had child 

I)a\is W •, Candace; Benjamin; George Washington; and Thomas 
Cole; bom, respectively, in 1771. 177.;, 1777, 1779, and 1785; Levi, born 
in I7x», died in 1804, while a member of Brown University; II<nr\ ; 
Lorania, married Gen. Edward Carrington, of Providei . I had one son, 
Edward, who graduated at Middlebury College in 1832. 

102. V. Joseph EJawley Dorb, 1 bod of Hon. Joseph Dorr, 
bom July 20, 177:2, married Lucy Penniman, of New Braintree, and 
settled in Boston, as a Merchant, where he has sustained numert 
offices of trust under the Town and City Governments. Of Beven chil- 
dren the following survived infancy, namely, 

Joseph II, graduated at Bowdoin College in 1827, spent two years at the 
University of Gottingen, Germany, and Bome time in Paris, at a French 
School, is settled as a Physician in Philadelphia; Thomas Edward, was a 
scholar of high rank in the Boston 1 1 i _; 1 1 School; Lucy Penniman, married 
David Whiton, and died soon ain r. 

103. V. Samuel Dour, son of Hon. Joseph Dorr, bom June 23, 
1774, married, 1st, Lucy, daughter of Joseph Fox, Esq., of Fitchburg, 

by whom he had five sons, 2d, a Brown, by whom he had two children, 
was President of the New England Bank for ten years, a member of 
the House of Representatives and Senate at different times, and died 
in Boston, in December, 1844. I lis children were, 

* Thus on page SO of the " Memorial ;" hut on page 106 we read "Luther Cloflcn " as 
the mime of the husband of Anna Rawson. 

tThna on page 80 of the ''Memorial;" but on page 45 the date of the marriage is 
given as" Jan. 3, 1768." 



828 Notices of the Descendants of Secretary Raivson. [Oct. 

Samuel F., died leaving a wife and two children ; George B. ; Albert H., 
settled in Ratnsford, N. Y. ; Francis F. ; Martha Ann, married Henry 
Edwards ; James Augustus, graduated at Harvard College in 1832, is a 
Lawyer in New York ; Susan ; Charles H. 

104. V. Phebe Emerson, eldest child of Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, 
born July 20, 1762, married Josiah Hale, of Norridgewock, Maine, and 
died June 19, 1829, having had children as follows : 

Josiah, born Sept. 7, 1782, married Mercy Baker, in 1801, and had three 
daughters ; Ezekiel, born May 24, 1784, married, 1st, Susan Kidder, in 
1810, 2d, Sarah Tazier, and had five children ; Ebenezer, born Feb. 1, 
1786, married Ann Dinsmore, in 1807, and had ten children; Charles, 
born Feb. 19, 1788, married Nancy Holman, formerly of Milbury, Mass., 
and had four sons ; Calvin, born Dec. 3, 1789, married Maria Gould, set- 
tled in Norridgewock, Maine, and had six children ; Luther, born Dec. 15, 
1791, married Phebe Kidder, settled in Norridgewock, and had ten children; 
Thurston, born Jan., 1793, married Lydia Gould, had ten children, and died 
April 14, 1839 ; Lucinda, died aged 18 months; Diantha, born Feb. 19, 
1798, married Samuel G. Tuck, and had three children ; Sumner, born in 
1800, died in 1805 ; Simon, born in 1802, died in 1826; Eusebius, born 
Dec. 18, 1805, a Clergyman, married Philena Dinsmore, settled at Water- 
ville, and afterwards at Foxcroft, Maine, and had four children ; Sumner, 
born March 9, 1808, graduated at Waterville College, has been settled as 
Pastor of a Baptist Church at Beverly Farms, now resides in Fitchburg, 
Mass., married a daughter of Deacon Farwell, of Chelmsford. 

105. V. Ezekiel Emerson, eldest son of Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, 
born in Mendon, July 6, 1765, married a Mrs. Fish, settled in Nor- 
ridgewock, Maine, and died suddenly, in the woods, near Moosehead 
Lake, in the year 1809, having had, 

Ezekiel, lives in Bangor, has several children ; Mary, married Augustus 
Taylor, and had issue ; Isabella, married Melvin Lincoln, lives in Madison, 
Maine ; Betsey, married a Merrill, of Dexter, Maine ; Lucina, married a 
Thurston, and lives in Solon, Maine ; Luther, married D. H. Dennett, has 
nine children ; Jotham, married, lives in Dover, and has children. 

106. V. Hawley Emerson, son of Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, born 
Dec. 7, 1766, in Georgetown, Maine, where he married Rachael Linen, 
and there settled, had children named 

Catherine; Mary; Rachael; Julia; Rebecca; Theodosia; Diantha; Mar- 
garet ; Betsey ; Nancy ; and Luther ; 

and died Jan. 6, 1844. 

107. Y. Calvin Emerson, son of Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, born 
Jan. 9, 1769, in Georgetown, married Elizabeth Petty, of that place, 
settled in Fairfield, Maine, and died in November, 1827, having had 
issue, 

Catherine, born Nov. 14, 1793, married Benjamin Harriman ; John, born 
Jan. 20, 1796, married Mary, daughter of Stephen Holbrook, of Grafton, 
Mass., April 13, 1831, lives at Norridgewock, Maine, and has had two chil- 
dren ; Ezekiel, born March 15, 1798, married and has a family ; Gillette, 
born in March, 1800 ; Jeremiah, born Feb. 29, 1804 ; Miranda, born 
April 5, 1810, married John Fogg, had two sons and one daughter; Nancy; 
Collins, born in April, 1802. 



ls|!>.] Notices of the Descendants of & lory Raw, 

108. V. Susannah Emerson, daughter of B ddelEmen 
bora Deo. 13, L776, married Charles Witherell, March 5, L795, settled 
in Norri Igewock, Maine, and had the following children: 

Sarah, born Feb. 7. 1796, married David II. Tuck, Feb. 7. 1820, and 
had three children; Leah, born May 3, 1798, married Rufus J. Woodman, 
Dec, 1820, settled in Waterboro', Blaine, and had children; Betsey, 

born April 29, 1800, married A.mos Richards, March. 1824 settled at Mil<>, 
.Maine, ami had eight children; Susan, born May 18, L803, married Gr. N 
Edes, May, L826, Bettled in Norridge wock, and bad eight children; Pbebe 
H, bom lug. 21, 1806, married J. M. Bartlett, Sept 24, 1846, and resi 
in Flarmony, Main''; Sumner; Samuel I>., born April, 1813, married A 
Keane, settled at Norridgewock, and had five sons; George W., born March, 
L8 16, married Sarah Sai Sept., 1848, resides in Fairfield, Maine, and 
has had three children; Mary Ann, born Dec. J 1 . 1820. 

109. V. Mar? Em] , daughter of Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, bora 
July, L778, married John Tazier or Tozi tied in Fairfield, Maine, 
and died iu Norridgewock, .May 17. L838, having had, 

A.daline, married ]h-. Gontharie, a German, and has children in Ohio; 
Almiran, manned Lydia Dunlap, who is a farmer, resident at Stark, Maine ; 
Benjamin F., born Feb. •"». 1807, a printer, married Sybil L. Russell, h 

in Dexter, .Maine, and ha- one -mi, Frank Dorr; Loring, a School teacher 

in Massachusetts; Theodosia, married a Jones, and lives in Waltham, 
Mass. ; Elizabeth D., married a Beard, and lives in the same place ; Thurs- 
ton, married, and also lives in the same town 

110. V. Sami bl Davis, third bod and child of Priscilla (Wood) 
Davis, born in Mendon, Mass., April I, 1 752, and died in Wardsboro', 
Vt., in L836. By his wife Deborah Chapin, who was born in Milford, 
Mass., June 10, 1767, and died in Wara8boro , J () «-t. 1, L811, he had 

children as follows: — ■ 

Lydia, horn March 7, 1777, died in 1780, (?) at Busti, Chautauque I 
N. V.; Ebenezer, born May 18, 1779, married Lydia Hall, and hail ten 
children; Simon, horn April 9, L731, married Clarissa Daniels, of W« - 

moreland, N. II. : Susanna, born Oct. 81, L783, married Samuel Hall, and 
had seven children; Olive, horn Sept. 16, 1786, married Joseph Wait, and 
had three sons; Diana, horn May 20, 1789, married Eh" Hoskins, and had 
five children; Emery, horn Oct. 20, L791, married Amy Aikin, and had 
eight children; Lncinda, horn Dec. 11, 1794, married Davis Read, settled 
in Wardsboro', and had nine children; Elisha, horn Sept 14, 1707, died 
in Eliott, Chautauque Co., X. Y., Dec. 1G, 1818; Adams Chapin, horn 
April 11, 1800, married Abby Alexander, March 10, 1831, settled in 
Flemington, New Jersey, where he has heen Judge of Probate, member of 
the Legislature, and clerk of the Assembly, of that State, and has had eight 
children. 

111. V. Paul Davis, son of Priscilla (Wood) Davis, in early life 
served three years in the Continental Army, and then settled at Wards- 
boro', Vt., where he became a Baptist Minister, removed to New Salem, 
Mass., and was the Pastor of a Baptist Church in that place, removed 
thence to Carroll, N. Y., where lie died in December, 1826, having 
had issue, by his wife Rachael Chapin, of Milford, Mass., as follows : — 

21 



330 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

Joseph, married Dorothy Maynard, settled first in Leicester, Vt., and 
subsequently in Orleans Co., N. Y. ; Abigail, married Jeremiah Brown, 
settled, successively, in the same places ; Grindal, married Zeruiah Corbin, 
of Wardsboro', and settled in Orleans Co. ; Simeon Chapin, married, 1st, 
Lydia Tobey, 2d, Betsy Rawson, settled in Carroll, N. Y. ; Deborah, mar- 
ried Elias Woodcock, of Carroll, where he settled ; Priscilla ; Levi, married 
Lorana Hunt, settled first in Carroll, and then in Orleans Co. ; Paul 
Wheeler, married Mary Jones, settled first in Carroll, removed to Ohio ; 
Ora, married Mary Jones, and settled in Busti, N. Y. ; Roba, married 
Hiram Brown, settled in Carroll; Shepherd E., married, and settled in Busti; 
Marvel Chapin, married, and settled in Ohio ; Seraphine, married David 
Jones, of Carroll, and there settled. 

112. Y. Eunice Davis, daughter of Priscilla (Wood) Davis, 
married a Sanger, settled in Rochester, Vt., and had children named 

Ebenezer ; Isaac ; and Susan. 



SKETCHES OR THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF 
MIDDLEBOROUGH, IN THE COUNTY OF PLYMOUTH. 

[Continued from page 220.] 

In the beginning of April, 1G22, Captain Standish set out in a shallop, 
with ten of the principal men of the Colony, and Hobbamock and Tisquan- 
tum, on a second* voyage to " the Massachusetts." They had not proceeded 
far, however, before the discharge of a piece of ordnance from their little 
fort warned them of impending danger, and that their return was desired. 
The shallop is, accordingly, put about, and soon arrives again at Patuxit. 
They found the town in a posture of defence, and the whole military force 
of the Colony mustered under arms; and are informed that immediately after 
their departure, those who remained at home were alarmed by the appear- 
ance of a wounded Savage, a member of Tisquantum's family, who announced 
that "at Namaschetf there were many of the Nanohiggansets, Massassowat, 
their supposed friend, and Conbatant, their feared enemy,! with many oth- 
ers, with a resolution to take advantage on the present opportunity to assault 
the town in the Captain's absence." The Savage affirmed that he received 
his wound for speaking in behalf of the Colonists, and that he had escaped 
by artifice, to give warning of the danger. Hobbamock was highly indig- 
nant at this aspersion upon the good faith of his Sovereign, and declared 
the whole story to be a fabrication. The Governor, who was also loth to 
mistrust the faithfulness of his ally, directed Hobbamock to send his wife 
privately to Pokanoket, the residence of Massasoit, with instructions to 
take note of what she should hear or see there, and to bring back informa- 
tion of the " right state of things." Finding all things quiet, the woman 
" told Massassowat § ^hat had happened at Plymouth; which, when he 

* The Pilgrims first visited " the Massachusetts " in September. 1621. For an account 
of their adventures the reader is referred to Bradford and Winslow, pp. 57-9; or to 
Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, pp. 224-9. 

t " A town some fifteen miles from us," adds Winslow, in a parenthesis. 

\ Prom this expression of Winslow. it is evident that Corbitant was still regarded with 
distrust, notwithstanding his formal submission to King James, and apparent reconcilia- 
tion with the English. 

§ This is the way Winslow, in his Good News from New England, from which the pas- 



L849.] \ ' ' , of the "Early History of Middleborough, ' 

understood, he waa muct offended at the carriage of Tisquantum,* returning 
many thanks to the Governor for his good thoughts of him, and assuring 
liim that, according to their first Articles of P . ; he would Bend word 
and give warning when any such business was towards.* 1 In Bhort, their 
alarm had been groundless, and :i< -non as it was ascertained that Buch was 
the case, the shallop was again despatched on its voyage to " the Massachu- 
setts."! 

The next notice which we have of Namaschet is in Ihe month of January, 
I '-l'l*--*!, when we read that Governor Bradford went on an expedition M to 
two inland towns, and bought corn of them ; the one called Namasket, the 
other Manomet§ That from Namasket waa brought home partly by In- 

Bage in the text is taken, uniformly spells the name of the Chieftain who is generally 
known, nowadays, as Massasoit. Prince says, " the printed aeconnui generally spell him 
it: Governor Bradford writes him MLassasoyl and Massasoyet; bnt I find tin- an- 
cient people, from their fathers, in Plymouth Colony, pronounce hu name Ma-sas-so-it " 
And this i> the orthography which the distinguished Annalist has adopted throughout his 
11 Chronological History of New England." — Sn P 

* This simple Bon 01 the foresl appears to have been dazzled by the favor and confidence 
exhibited towards him by the English, and to have began "to feel his oats.' 1 Winslow, in 
his Good News, Beems to be unnecessarily Bevere in ln> language on this point. He - 
after relating the particulars of the alarm at Plymouth, " thus by decrees we began to dis- 
cover Tisquantum, whose ends were only to make himself great in tn< his country- 
men, by means of Ins nearness and favor with ih: not caring who fell) so he Btood. In the 
general, his course was to persuade them he could lead as t<> peace or war. at his pleasure, 
and would oft threaten the Indians, sending them word in a private manner we were in- 
tended Bhortly to kill them, that thereby he might get gifts to himself, to work their p<- 1 
insomuch as they hail him in greater esteem than many of their Sachims ; yea, they t!. 
selves sought t<> him. who promised them peace in respect of as, yea, ami protection also, 
so as they would resort to him ; so that wheveas divers were wont t<> rely on Massassowat 
for protection, ami resort to his abode, now they began to leave him and seek after ] 
quantum. Now. though he could not make good these his large pi 
cause of the continued peace between Massassowat ami us, he therefore raised this false 

alarm: hoping, whilst things were hot in the heat of blood, to provoke QS to march into 

his country against him, whereby he hoped to kindle Buch a flame as would not easily he 
quenched; ami hoping if that block were once removed, there were no other between him 
and honor, which he loved as his life, ami preferred before his peace. For these and the 
like ahnses the Governor sharply reproved him: yet was he bo necessary and profitable an 

instrument, as at that time we could not mi<s him. I5ut when we understood his deal- 
ings, we certified all the Indians of our ignorance and innocency therein: assuring them. 
till they begun with as, they should have no cause to fear: and if any hereafter should 
raise any such reports, they should punish them as liars and seekers of their and onr dis- 
turbance; which gave the Indians good satisfaction on all sides." — ]Voisloir, in Young, 
pp. 289-90. 

Tisquantum, or Squanto. did not survive long after this. His last service was to pilot 
an expedition, by water, to Manamoie, now Chatham, in search of provisions. This was 
in the month of November, 1622. "Here Squanto falls sick of a fever." writes Governor 
Bradford, who conducted the expedition, (Standish, who had hcen appointed to the com- 
mand, having been taken sick o'i a fever,) "bleeding much at the nose, which the Indians 
reckon a fatal symptom, and here in a few days dies; desiring the Governor to pray that 
he might go to the Englishman's God in Heaven, bequeathing his things to sundry of his 
English friends, as remembrances of his love; of whom we have a great loss." Judge 
Davis remarks that ''Governor Bradford's pen was worthily employed in the tender notice 
taken of the death of this child of nature. With some aberrations, his conduct was gener- 
ally irreproachahle, and his useful services to the infant settlement entitle him to grateful 
remembrance." A beautiful promontory in Quincy perpetuates the name of this friend of 
the Pilgrims. — Window, in Young, p. 301 ; Prince, pp. 206-7; Davis's Morton, pp. 85-6. 

t Ratified at Plymouth, March 22. [620-1, and religiously observed by Massasoit as 
long as he lived — Sec Bradford and Winslow, pp. 35 — S; Prince, pp. 186 — 8; Davis's 
Morton, pp. 53 — 5. 

} Winslow, in Young, pp. 286 — 9; Prince, pp. 201-2: Davis's Morton, pp. 76-7. 

I "The part of Sandwich which lies on Manomet River."— Mass. Hist. Coll. VIII. 252, 
note. 



332 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

dian women ; but a great sickness arising amongst them,* our own men 
were enforced to fetch home the rest."f 

In March, 1G22-3, "news came to Plymouth," says Edward Winslow, 
" that Massassowat was like to die. Now it being a commendable manner 
of the Indians, when any, especially of note, are dangerously sick, for all 
that profess friendship to them to visit them in their extremity, either in 
their persons, or else to send some acceptable persons to them ; therefore it 
was thought meet, being a good and warrantable action, that as we had ever 
professed friendship, so we should now maintain the same, by observing this 
their laudable custom. The Governor laid this service upon myself, and 
fitted me with some cordials to administer to him : bavins; one Master John 
Hamden,J a gentleman of London, who then wintered with us, and de- 
sired much to see the country, for my consort, and Hobbamock for our guide. 
So we set forward, and lodged the first night at Namasket, where we had 
friendly entertainment." Winslow and his companions, having visited Mas- 
sasoit, and spent one night with Corbitant, at Mattapuyst,§ passed the last 
night of their journey, as they had the first, at Namasket, whence they re- 
turned home the next day.|| 

At the villages of Namasket and Titicut, w r ithin the present bounds of 
Middleborough, were, in former times, the favorite summer residences of 
the principal Chiefs of the New England tribes. Hither they were accus- 
tomed to resort, with their chosen followers, to pass a portion of the fishing 
and hunting season on the borders of the beautiful ponds in this neighbor- 
hood. Here was the royal hunting-house of the good King Massasoit, and 
also, at a later day, of his sons and successor, the short-lived Wamsutta, or 
Alexander, and t lie warlike Pometacom, or Philip. Tehticut, Teightaquid, 
Tettiquet, Teticut, or Titicut, on Namasket River, within the present bounds 
of Middleborough, is said to have been one of the favorite resorts of Chika- 
taubut, the Chieftain of the Massachusetts Indians, and " the greatest 
Sagamore in the country." His territory in this part of New England 
" did extend from Nishamagoguanett, near Duxbury mill, to Titicut, near 
Taunton, and to Nunckatateset,^[ and from thence in a straight line to 
Wanamampuke,** which is the head of Charles River." Although Chika- 
taubut was one of the nine Sachems who subscribed the Articles of Sub- 
mission to King James, on the 13th of September, 1621, Dudley remarks 
of him, in 1G31, that he "least favoreth the English of any Sagamore we 
are acquainted with, by reason of the old quarrel between him and those of 
Plymouth, wherein he lost seven of his best men." However this may be, 
it is certain that, on the 23d of March, 1630-1, but a few days after Dudley 
had penned the above passage in his famous Letter to the Countess of 
Lincoln, Chikataubut visited Boston, " with his Sannops and Squaws, and 
presented the Governor with a hogshead of Indian corn." Indeed, the 
whole intercourse of this Chief with the Massachusetts Colonists seems to 

* I. e. the Indians at Namasket. t Winslow, in Young-, p. 305 ; Prince, p. 208. 

J Not, as has been often asserted, the distinguished English patriot of that name. — See 
Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, pp. 314-15, note. 

§ A neck of land in the township of Swanzey, commonly pronounced Mattapoiset ; now 
Gardner's Neck, situated between the Showamet and Towooset Necks. — Belknap's j3nw 
ican Biography, {Svo. Boston. 1794 & 1798,) ii. 292,note; Baylies's Memoir of Plymouth 
Colony, (Svo. Boston, 1830,) Part II. pp. 232, 234. . 

|| For an account of this expedition, and the visit to Massasoit, see Winslow, in Young, 
pp 313—26. 

T[ A pond of considerable size, in the southwest part of Bridgewater, adjoining Raynham. 
It was sometimes called by the Indians Neapnancket. Its modern name is Nippenickct. 

** Whiting's Pond, in Wrenthara. 






have been of a uniformly friendl r Hia princij 

" upon the River of Naponset, near to the Mattachus< "- Fields, three mil<-s 
to the north of Wessagusc He, with many <>f hia p died <>f tli<> 

Small Pox, in the month ol E mber, 1633. His favorite domain at 
Tehticut, comprising "three miles on each side of the River,' i ted 

by lii- son, Josiah Wampatuck, to the Titicut [ndians, so called, 
August, 1644; as, by an order of thai date, the General Court al Plym- 
outh, "upon the petition of Duxbury men, thou there! 
view taken of (In- lands described by them, namely, twelve miles up 
the woods from Plymouth bounds al Jon •' River, and it it] pre- 
judicial to the Plantation t 
be confirmed unto then 

Li .-ill grants of lands in this pari of the Colony, the I 1 Court 

was always verj careful to insert a p 1 to the u Til 

Purchase," cautioning the grantees against encroachn this [ndian 

settlement, tli«- bounds and limits of which seem ••• been v< 

accurately defined, and warning them no! to locate themselvi 
Titicut," or to u molest the [ndians." S much, hoi f this i 

.•I- was Bituated <>n the north side of the river, n luded within "the 

additional grant " to Bridgewater, in 

town obtained permission ;<> purchase th . and rVillii B tt, N 

B ram, and Samuel Edson were appointed by the Court ■ ith 

the [ndians for it A deed ■> •• Pomponoho, 

alias Peter, an Indian, 1 i \ i 1 1 _r al Titicut, in the Colony of New Plymouth," 
bearing date Nov. 20, 1672, wherein it is recited thai u I. Pom] 
have sold for the full sum of sixteen pounds, viz., sis pounds of current 
money of New England, and ten pounds in u* >< >< I merchanl >rn, all the 

lands lying on the north Bide of Titicul Rivi r within I 
water, what lands w< re mine, or we ir my father's indfath 

or any otherwise conferred on me, exc pting those 1 ssed as fol- 

lows,' &c &c., "unto Nicholas Byram, Ben., S muel Ed son, sen., and 
William Brett, sen., in and for the use of the townsmen of Bridgewater] 
joint purchasers with them," &c &c 

For many years the settlements of the English in Plymouth Colony 
were confined to the Beacoast, and to such portions of the interior as had 
been depopulated by the fearful pestilence, which had swept through the 
country shortly before their arrival on the New England shores. Hence 
it was that the territory of Namasket, comprising the Indian villages of 
Namasket and Titicut, which seem to hav sc ped the almost universal 
desolation, notwithstanding its proximity to Plymouth, did not begin to be 
settled by the English until about the year 1660, forty years after it- first 
exploration by Winslow and Hopkins. The natives, comparatively incon- 
siderable in numbers, readily sold the larger portion of their ancestral do- 
mains to the English.} The first considerable purchase of lands occurred 
in the year 1 662, when a large portion of territory was obtained from Josiah 
Wampatuck, for the sum of £70, hounded on one side by the Namasket 

• Drake's Book of the Indians, Book II. pp. 19.42—4. ITT. p. " . Hutchinson's 
History of Massachusetts, (Salem e«l . 8vo. 17. ».">.) i. 262, note; Mitch' ry of Bridge- 

water.*(8vo. Boston, 1840,) pp. '.'-id. 17-18; Davis's Morton, p 67; Dudleys Letter to 
the Conntess of Lincoln, in Young's Chronicle- o{' Massachusetts, (8vo. Boston, 1S46,) p. 
305; Winthrop's History of New England, (Savage's ed., 8vo. Boston, 1825-6.) i. 48, 53, 
61 72, 87, L15-16; Mass. Hist Coll. XVII. U2-3. 

1 Mitchell, pp. 17, IS— 19; Mass. Hist Coll. XVII. 142-3. 

} Baylies, Part II. pp. 229-30; Part III. p. 2. 



334 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

River, and on the other by Tippacunucut Brook.* Purchases were also 
effected at different times, of Watuspequin, or Tispacan, the " Black Sa- 
chem," the distinguished Chieftain of " Assowampsett ; " until at length the 
whole territory, now comprised within the limits of the town, had been 
fairly acquired of the rightful lords of the soil.| 
The names of the first purchasers were as follows. 

f. John Adams, M. Thomas Dotey, George Partridge, 

f. William Bassett, Samuel Eddy, William Pontus (?) 

M. Francis Billington, Lt. Matthew Fuller, Andrew Ring, 

Thomas Bordman, M. Samuel Fuller, John Shaw, 

M. William Brewster, Edward Gray, f. Moses Simmons, 

M. Peter Brown, William Hodskins, M. George Soule, 

F. Edward Bumpus, M. John Ilowland, a. Francis Sprague, 

M. Francis Cook, m. William Mullins, M. Resolved White. \ 
F. Pliilip Delanoy, William Nelson, 

* Eddy. MS. Letter, t Ibid : Drake's Book of the Indians, Book II. p. 45 ; III. pp. 57-8. 

\ For this li>t we are indebted to Mr. Eddy. The letters prefixed to sonic of the names 
indicate that the individual himself, or his immediate ancestor, came of er either in the May 
Flower, in 1 620, the Fortune, in 1621. or the Ann. in 1623. John Adams was, perhaps, 
the person of that name mentioned by Deane, (History of Scituate, p. 211,) as being of 
Marshfield, and marrying Jane James in 1654. Hi may have been the son of John, who 
came over in the Fortune, in 1621, whose widow, Flcanor, married Kenelm Winslow in 
1634. Bassett was probably the son of the passenger of that name in the Fortune, who 
settled, first, in Plymouth, then in Duxburv, and finally in West Bridgewatcr, of which 
town he was an original proprietor, and died in 1667. Billington was the son of John 
Billington, one of the passengers in the May Flower, in 1620, who was executed at Plym- 
outh, for murder, in 1630. The name of tins his son will be transmitted to posterity, as 
the discoverer, in 1621. of the beautiful pond, called, after him, Billington Sea. Bordman 
may have been he of Lynn in 1037, who removed to Sandwich. Brkwster was probably 
the son of Jonathan, and grandson of Elder William Brewster. Brown may have been 
the passenger in the May Flower of that name. Bumpus (said to have been originally 
Bon passe.) seems to have been of Marshfield in 1640, and of Duxburv soon after its set- 
tlement. The name of Francis Cooke is found among the passengers of the May Flower, 
of whose wife Edward Winslow, in his u Briefe Narration," makes mention, as "being a 
Walloon." Of Delano, originally De la Noye, Winslow tells us that lie was "born of 
French parents." and that he "came from Leyden to New Plymouth;" and "coming to 
age of discerning, demanded communion with us ; and proving himself to be come 
of such parents as were in full communion with the French Churches, was hereupon 
admitted by the Church of Plymouth; and after, upon his removal of habitation to Dux- 
burrow, where Mr. Ralph Partridge is Pastor of the Church, and upon letters of recom- 
mendation from the Church at Plymouth, he was also admitted into fellowship with the 
Church at Duxburrow." He was early at Duxburv, and was one of the original proprie- 
tors of Bridge water. He married Hester Dewsberry in 1634, and Mary, widow of James 
Glass, of Duxburv, and daughter of James Churchill, in 1 657. Dotey was. without doubt, 
the son of Edward Dotey, that chivalrous esquire of Stephen Hopkins, who signalized 
himself by being a party to "the first duel fought in New England, upon a challenge of 
single combat with sword and dagger," at Plymouth. June 18, 1621. The doughty hero 
seems lo have subsequently exchanged the weapons of Mars for those of Cupid, as we find 
him, at a later date, besieging, nay, carrying by storm, one Faith Clarke, undoubtedly a 
notable virgin of Plymouth Colony. Samuel Eddy was the son of Rev. William Eddy, 
of Cranbrook, in the County of Kent, England, and arrived at Plymouth, with his brother 
John, in the Handmaid, Captain Grant master, Oct. 29, 1630. He settled at Plymouth, 
and had four sons and several daughters. "His son Obadiah," (writes his lineal de- 
scendant, Zechartah Eddy, Esq.,) "inherited the Middleborough lands; whose son, 
Samuel, had some of the farms by inheritance from him; whose son Zechariah, inher- 
ited the same. Joshua, the son of Zechariah, was ihe next inheritor; and the writer 
now owns and occupies the same lands which the first Samuel purchased, and which were 
set off to him in the division made of that purchase by the twenty-six men among them- 
selves." Of Matthew Fuller we have been able to find only a brief notice, which states 
that he was "first of Plymouth, about 1640, removed to Barnstable in 1652, where he died, 
1678. He was appointed Surgeon-General of the Provincial forces raised in Plymouth 
Colony in 1673, and he is also styled Captain in 1675." Of Samuel Fuller, supposing 
him to be identical with the first Minister of the town, we shall have something to say 



1- 1!'.] Sketch** <>/ Uu Early II / •/ ;h. 

1 meol of the n bite* by it- aaaaJ ood& qui 

lual di ranee of the red ra Vhe Dative inhabiU the ter- 

isket, lia\ iii !'■ d their \ 

anon Gra v mai ricdM 

(u brother of Gov. Ed i I !•• 

(iw ii«t. and i 

which was called, by the first planters / 
Islai 

bring wood for bull I His daughter 

thamel S I • 

in 1681. i a William Hoi 

John Howland, tfa 
a in' 

i i'-'l After a lo 24, 

167: Plymouth ( 

man and Chrisl il instru- 

ment of goo I in his ; 
in the M i) Flower in 1 I 

In Bristol, R. I.; IsAi 
out Ji Of MoLLixa it cat 
celebrated Cobpa< i . 

I ■ 

in Dux 

■ 
oath ; born Jane 

, the brother I 
arrival, w ith " man) I '• N - j NVinl 

I 

1 1 

that t.i-.\ ii. 'lii. , 

ter of i leorge, born in 1639, married 5. 

name upon oar list if 

Of Andrew Rii \ 

1 > ..i .i!i. b daughter i 
Sh v\\ i- laid to ha> 

/' i . " and his name i D S 

// 

divided, in July, 163S, the live tion, in l 

an h( ife I Moses Stmonsob 

his name w is originallv, tun now corru] x nouth in the For- 

tune; and being, says W nslow, "a child of one thai with the Dutch 

Church at L n, is admitted into Church I • 1' - ! ' 

hia children also to baptism, as well as our own." He ■'• I ^ox- 

bury, and an original proprietor of Bridgcwai r. B ttled the 

former in Duxbury. where he died in id the latter in Scitnate, whet 

householder before 16 S > o lb, the thirty -fil i 

Cod, and a member of E Iw ar ! VYinslow's family, sold his lands in Plymouth, and rem< 
tn Duxbury before 1645, in which year he was one of the depot the 

General Court al Plymouth; and was an original proprietor of B iter. In 

gave his lands in Ml lleborough to ; 9 sons-in-law John Haskell and 
of thai town, ami their wives (his daughters] Patience and Eli ibeth 11- wife,MarT, 
died in 1677; he himself in 1680, u \ Spbagtjb settled I xhary,and is 

ipoken of as having been "a man of influence and |>r.>].«'r.\." He was an original propri- 
etor of Bridgewater, but neither removed thither himself, nor did any of his family. Rb- 
iolvbd Wiiitb was the eldest son of M Mr. William White." the eleventh signer to the 
Compact, who died Feb 81, 1630-1. He was one of the early settlers of S ituate. whence 
beremovi I to Marshfield in 1662. He married, ' daughter of 

William Vassall, of Scitaate. He remained in M antil 1670, about which time 

his wife died, ami then disappears. He was living in 1675, as is evident from a bequest to 
him. in the will of Josiah Winslow. of that •' 

s i r'j 0\ u dogical Register; Baylies'i Hist al Memoir of Plymouth Colony; 

/> x of the May Flower," in N. E. Hut. and 

G '■ Register, I. 17—53; MitchelTs Hist. 1 - Annals; Davis? 9 Morton; 

U - nettl Historical Collection*; RusmeWs Guile to Plymouth; Wxnslow's '' Brief e 

Narration? in Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims; Wards History of Shrewsbury. 



336 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

grounds ; and the forests, through which they had roamed in savage dignity, 
vanished before the axe of the sturdy pioneer. But though the red man 
retreats, he leaves traces behind him, which perpetuate his remembrance 
for ages after the last miserable remnant of his tribe shall have passed away 
forever. The ploughshare not unfrequently exposes to view the Indian 
sepulchre, w r here, close beside the bones of the deceased, are found the vari- 
ous articles which the pious care of friends had provided, in anticipation of 
the long journey to the land of spirits ; while the bow and arrows, the knife 
and pipe, shew what was to be the nature of the warrior's pursuits upon his 
arrival at the happy hunting-grounds of the blessed. Here and there the 
field thickly sown with arrow-heads, and the mouldering skulls, upturned by 
the careless husbandman, evidence the mighty harvest which Death once 
reaped there, and call to mind the race which in former days peopled the 
country, stalking through its majestic forests, or sauntering en the borders 
of its beautiful ponds and streams. On the Eastern shore of Assowamsett 
Pond, there were, some few years since, two rocks, whereon were to be 
seen sundry " curious marks," which the "wise are fain to suppose to have 
been " done by the Indians," and in some of which they trace a resemblance 
to " the steppings of a person with naked feet, which settled into the rocks ; " 
while others are as evidently " the prints of a hand." On a high hill, too, 
a little to the eastward of " the old stone fishing-wear," # there is*a venerable 
rock, bearing the veritable impress of a man's hand upon its flinty surface.f 
The following document is not without interest at this stage of our history. 
It was found among the rich collection of manuscripts in the Library of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society; J and w r e will give a complete transcript 
of it, verbatim et literatim, even at the risk of being thought somewhat te- 
dious, inasmuch as it has never before been printed, to our knowledge. 

" Prence Gov 1 . 

The Several Lotts laid forth & bounded lying and 
being upon Pochade neck near unto Namasket Granted 
unto Several Persons afternamed, are as followeth 
Imp r s. 1 Lot beginneth at a White Oak tree marked on four 

The Maj r . Winslow. Sides near the Brook where the three Brooks meet & 

it runs up a Southwest line and is bounded on the other 
Side with two red Oaks marked 
M T . Tho s Prence. 2 Lott is bounded with a Pine tree and red Oak tree marked 
M John Alden. 3 Lot is bounded with two red Oak trees marked 

L' Peregrine White 4 Lot is bounded with a white Oak & a red Oak tree marked 
Nath 1 . Warren 5 Lot is bounded with a white Oak marked Standing alone in a plain 

W m . Basset 6 Lot is bounded with two walnot trees marked 

M r John Winslow. 7 Lot is bounded with two red Oak trees marked & with y e River 
Capt Bradford. 8 Lot lyeth across the Ends of the other Lots next unto 

Namasket & is bounded with a red Oak & a pine tree 
marked next unto the s d . Lotts. and on the other side 
with a white Oak marked near unto the bounds of the 
purchase. 

The bounds of Several Lotts granted unto 
Sundry Persons besides these above named lying near 
unto Namaskett are as followeth 
Francis Sprague. 1 Lot is bounded with a red Oak at the Piver side 
that Comes from Winnatuxet & Bridgwater, & on 
the other side running Cross the. Neck, it is bounded 
with a red Oak & a white Oak marked, this is 
the first Lot lying on the Northwest side of the s d . neck 
John Adams. 2 Lott is bounded with a Stooping maple tree in 

a little Swamp & a red Oak marked 

* See ante, f Mass. Hist. Coll. III. 2 ; Drake's Indian Wars. (12mo. Boston, 1727,) p. 99. 
Jin a volume entitled "Letters & Papers, 1632—1678," p. 75. 



I - 19.] iSH / / thi Early History of M h. 7 

i ' • 8 Lot \s bounded with tw » red 

1 tncis Cool i Lol i> boun led with two red <>ak- nun! 

Barman 6 Lol is bounded with a red Oak and a pine tree marl 

6 Lo! h two i' 'I ' » ak trees mai ; 

Bam 1 Sailer 7 For h bounded on the S Lot with two 

red < >. i k - marked . v : on the other side with a pine 
& a White < » ik marked, th< re 
Land 

Lot lyeth Vacant 
list 
Fdu ' B 10 Lol is b inndcd w ii Oal W Innt marl 

M W' Brev 1 1 Lot ia boun led w marki d 

John Siiaw. 12 Lol ia ou 'I with a White Oak I ked. 

■ iy l •"• I inded with a maple t 

Ed w 4 . Gray it Lot is bounded [with] a H Oak marked 

M Resolved White 15 Lot is at the wail in dedwitl 

path 8c the Beavi r Damm S lyeth in hall the length 
of the former Lotts 
W Hoskins. 16 Lot abuttctfa on the path ->\" two white < )alu marked 

And' Rii i: Lol ia bounded with two i i Iced 

M -Simons 18 Lot i I with a red Oak & a Wa marked 

W Nelson 19 Lol ia bounded with a White Oak a i walnut tree marked 

M' Jn°. Howland Lol ia bounded with two red < >aka marked 

George Soule. 21 Lol ia bounded with two red Oak trees marked 

Philip Delanoy 22 Lot ia hounded with two white < lake marked 

W Mullina 23 Lot is bounded with two white Oaks marked 

Pet'. Browne 24 Lot is bounded with a White < >ak & a red Oak marked 

dyi Stfi Lol is bounded with a red < tak & a white < >ak marked 

IA Fi Lol ia bounded with a whit< I i »ak marked. 

Thos Dojj 27 Being the first at Whetstones Vineyard, the bounds 

of it are two White < toka on the Northwest side 
marked, A on the other Bide with two white < taks 
The Mini 28 Lol lyeth at Wahuckett Brook uext the Path& 

Lot. runneth half the length of the oth 

A true Copy as appears of Record 

md pr Josiah ( 'otton Cler 

Recorded in or about the year 1664 
A true Copv 

Examd pr Josiah Cott< n Cler 
A True ( !opy 

' Examd pr Sam 11 . Tyley Cler** 
Superscribed 

■• Namasketl Propnj Names." 

* " The Major" Josiah Winslow, whose name stands at the head of our list, was the 
son of Gov. Edwahd Winslow, (by his second wife, Susanna, the widow of Mr. William 
White, whom he married May 12, 1621,) and was born at Marshfield, in 1628. He mar- 
ried Penelope, a daughter of Herbert Pelhara, Esq., in 1657 ; was many years an Assistant, 
was Commander-in-chief of the forces employed during Philip's War, sustained the 
office of Governor from 1673 to 1679, inclusive, being the first Chief Magistrate who was 
born in the country, and died at Marshfield, Dec. I s 1680, and was buried on the 23d. 
His wife died in 1703, aged 73. " Mb John Winslow" was probably John. Jr., the 
Ron of John the brother of Gov. Edward, who came over in the Fortune, and married, 
before 1627, Mart Chilton, the daughter of James Chilton, one id' the passengers in 
the May Flower, and had nine children, the eldest o\' which was John, who died in 16S3. 
One of the daughters of John, Sen., married, as has been already mentioned, Edward 
Grat. Thomas Prence came from Leachlade, in Gloucestershire, to Plymouth, in the 
Fortune, married Patience, daughter of Elder William Brewster. Aug. 5, 1624, was chosen 
Governor in 1634, and served one year. In 1635, his wife having died in the course of 
the preceding year, he married Mary, daughter of Mr. William Collier, and about this 
time took up his residence at Duxbury. He was an Assistant in 1635, 1636, and 1637, 
and was again chosen Governor in 163S, for one year, during which he continued to reside 
in Duxbury. From 1639 to 1656. inclusive, lie was an Assistant. In 1644 he had 
removed to Eastham, where his wife died. In 1657 he was. for the third time, elected 
Governor, and retained the office until his death. lie married, in 1662. Mrs. Mary, widow 
of Samuel Freeman : and in 1665 removed to Plymouth, where he passed the remainder 
of his days, in a house provided for him by the Government, at "Plain Dealing" He 



338 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

In the year 1668 the General Court of Plymouth Colony, in answer to 
a petition of July o, 1667, from the town of Bridgewater, "desiring their 
enlargement may extend to where the six miles extends that they purchased 
of the Indians by order from the Court," passed an act confirming to the 
petitioners the lands in question, with the proviso, however, " that grants of 
lands formerly made by the Court be not molested," and ordered that "as 
to those lands that are between Bridgewater and Namasket, already grant- 
ed, it shall be determined by the Court unto what town they shall belong; 
and that the Indians be not molested, notwithstanding this enlargement."* 

The various purchases of territory which had been made of the natives 
in Namasket, having been duly authorized and confirmedf by the General 

died March 29, 1673, in the 73d year of his age, "having been a worthy, pious gentleman, 
and very capable of the office of Governor, being therein a terror to evil doers, and an 
encourager of those that did well; and was honorably interred at Plymouth, April 8, 
1673." His wife survived him. The name of John Alden is familiar as a household 
word. He married Priscilla, daughter of Mr. William Mullins; was one of the first set- 
tlers of Duxbury, one of its Deputies to the General Court, an original proprietor of 
Bridgewater, and many years an Assistant ; and after a long life of eminent usefulness, died 
— the Last of that little band of Pilgrims which first stepped upon Plymouth Rock — 
on the 12th of September, 16S7, aged 88. His wife appears to have survived him. His 
descendants have been remarkable for longevity. Of his children, Joseph, of Bridge- 
water, die 1 Feb. 8, 1697, aged about 73; Jonathan died in February, 1607, aged about 
70; Elizabeth, the wife of William Paybody, died May 31, 1717, aged 93; John*, the third 
son of Joseimi. sold his father's homestead in Bridgewater, about 1700, and removed to 
Titicut, in Middleborough. His son Johx lived in Middleborough, where he died in April, 
1821, aged 102, having been twice married, and had 19 children, 62 grandchildren, 134 
great-grandchildren, and 7 great-great-grandchildren, 172 of whom were living at the time 
of his decease. " Three of his children." says a late writer. ' l two daughters and one son, 
are now [1845] living, and dwell under the same roof in Middleborough, whose average 
age is 84 1-3 years/' Peregrine White, the first-born of English parents in New Eng- 
land, was born on board the May Flower, in Cape Cod Harbor, in November, 1620. His 
mother, upon the decease of her husband, married Gov. Edward Winslow, May 12, 1621 ; 
and her sons by her first husband were, consequently, bred in the town of Marshfield, 
where the Governor resided. Peregrine married Sarah, daughter of William Basset, and 
passed his days in Marshfield, where he died July 20, 1704. " vigorous and of a comely 
aspect to the last." His wife died in 1711. Nathaniel Warren was the son of "Mr. 
Richard Warren," one of the passengers of the May Flower, whose death, in 1628, is 
commemorated in New England's Memorial. His family arrived in the Ann, in 1623. 
Nathaniel married Sarah Walker, in 1645. Captain (afterwards Major) William Brad- 
ford, son of Gov. William Bradford, (by his second wife, Mrs. Alice, widow of Constant 
Southworth, whom he married Aug. 14, 1623.) was born June 17, 1624, sustained many 
offices, both military and civil, and died Feb. 20, 1703-4. He lived in Kingston, near 
Duxbnry, and was one of the original proprietors of Bridgewater. He was thrice married, 
and left a numerous posterity. Of William Parkes we know nothing. He may have 
been he of Hoxbury. who died May 11, 1685. But we are inclined to think that William 
Parker, of Scituate and Barnstable, is the person intended. Thomas Dogget we 
presume to have been he of Marshfield, who married Mary Chillingworth, in 1654, ac- 
cording to Deane. Of the other persons, whose names are upon this list, we have already 
spoken. 

*■ Mitchell's Bridgewater, p. 16. 

fin 1643 it was enacted by the General Court of the Colony "that if any person or 
persons hereafter purchase rent or hyre any lands herbage wood or tymber of any of the 
Natives in any place within this Govern' without the consent and assent of this Court every 
such person or persons shall forfait five pounds for every acree which shal be so purchased 
hyred rented and taken and for wood and tymber to pay five times the value thereof to be 
levyed to the Colonies use." In 1660, "in reference unto the law prohibiting buying or 
hiering land of the Indians directly or indirectly bearing date 1643 the Court" interprets 
those words alsoe to comprehend under the same penaltie a prohibition of any mans receiv- 
ing any lands under pretence of any gift from the Indians without the approbation of the 
Court." And in the edition of " The General Laws " published in 1672, the same provi- 
sion is inserted. — See Plymouth Colony Laws, {Brigham's cd., Svo. Boston, 1836,) pp. 74, 
129, 289. 



1849.] / • /: , S gh. 

Court, the town was finally incorporated, by the name of Middleborou 
(or Middleberry, as it is uniformly spelt on il. I ,) in J 

In the course of this tame year di< d Josiafa Warapatuck, of 
have Been, a portion of Middleborougli was purchased. He was the bod of 
Chikataubut, of whom we have b poken, and was the Sachem of Mat- 

takeesett, or Pembroke. He was b minor in L 641, and "was bred up," 
says ( ■• okin, "by bis uncle Kuchamakin," or Cul S tch< m w Ii«> 

n lided al Neponset, within the bounds of D ' m the -"'th i 

ruary, 1643—4, Cutshamekin, Agawam, and "Josias, ( bik 
writes Winthrop, "came Jo the Governor, and in their own i ind tin* 

names of all the Sachems of Watchusett, and all the I as from Merri- 
mack to Tecticutt, tendered themselves to our [the Massacb rn- 
ment, and gai e the < rovernor [ Wlntbrop himself] a present of thirty t 
oin of Wampom, and offered to come to the next Court to make their 
acknowledgment, Sec* The Governor received their present to keep it till 
the Court, &c, and if the Court and they did agree, then to accept it." 
A icording to bis promise, Cutshamekin presented himself at tin- Court in 
March following, accompanied by tic Squaw Sachem of Massachusetts, 
(willow of tin* mightj S pashemet,) and th , and "ac- 
cording to their former tender to the Goi rn Winthrop, " d 
to be re lei « e 1 mi ler our prote $ti » i an 1 \ 

tli it Pumliam and Sacononoco were." This apji - it 

did with the policy of tli" M isa i :b isetts G I nol but m 

with a favorable reception; and the chiefs, having firsl list n< 1 to an i 
planation of the Articles of A mt and u all I 

God," were taken under the protection of the Goi ; and after an 

shange of presents, and an entertainment, "went away joyful." 

Cutshamekin, we are told, was the first N tm to whom I. 
and it was in his wigwam, "near Dorchester mill," that the \ ited 

I. cture al S is established, in LG46, and k a fortnight. 

But notwithstanding Cutshamekin's profession of Christianity, he uni 
with his neighbor Chieftains, in the year 1650, in their opposition to Mr. 
Eliot's project of establishing a regular town of Praying Indians; and 
avowed the cause of bis opposition to 1"', the decrease in his revenues since 
the conversion of his subjects, which gave him reason to apprehend that, 
eventually, all tribute would be withheld. Upon close investigation, how- 
ever, it was satisfactorily ascertained that it was not the lossoi tribute which 
chafed the irascible Chieftain, but the diminution of the despotic power 
which he had formerly exercised over his subjects, consequent upon their 
advance in civilization. Thanks to the firmness and patience of Eliot, the 
irritation of Cutshamekin was soothed, and be ceased, for the present, at 

least, to trouble the Apostle and his converts. But he was a man of ardent 

feelings, alike hasty in his resentments, and impassioned in his sorrow for 
his actions during his outbursts of violence, unstable as water, and veering 
with every wind. He died before 1655. Nurtured amid such influences, 
it is no wonder if the youthful Josiah should have evinced something of 
the impetuosity and fickleness of character for which his uncle was distin- 
guished. "He had," says Gookin, "considerable knowledge in the Chris- 

* Heretofore it has boon usually stated that the town was incorporated in 1660. But see 
the ■tatement in the Collections of the American Statistical Association, I. 42, which is 
confirmed by Mr. Eddy. 



340 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

tian religion, and sometime, when he was younger, seemed to profess it for 
a time, and was a catechized Indian, and kept the Sabbath several years ; 
but after turned apostate, and separated from the Praying Indians." Not- 
withstanding his '* apostacy," Josiah is said to have been a faithful friend to 
the English, to whom he made numerous and extensive grants of land ; as, 
for instance, in 1653 and 1G68, in Scituate and the vicinity; in 1GG2, at Mid- 
dleborough, and other places in its neighborhood. Aug 5, 1GG5, he gave 
a deed of Braintree, in which he describes himself as " Wampatuck, alias 
Josiah Sagamore, the son of Chikataubut deceased." After his father's 
death Wampatuck was not unfrequently, and perhaps generally, called Jo- 
sias Chikataubut; under which name he sold to Dorchester the "New 
Grant," so called, in 1GGG, promising a full and ample deed thereof in 
1669 ; but his death prevented its delivery. The Dorchester people, how- 
ever, obtained, in 1G70, a deed from his brother, Squamaug, who acted as 
Sachem during the minority of Jeremy, the son of Josiah, which was con- 
firmed by Jeremy himself in 1671. In 1659 we find John Eliot memorial- 
izing the General Court on "The case of the Nipmuk Indians," stating that 
" Uacas his men, at unawares, set upon an unarmed poor people, and slew 
eight persons, and carried captive twenty-four women and children. Some 
of them," he ad Is, " were subjects to [the] Massachusetts Government, by 
beinq the subjects of Java*'* In the summer of 1GG9, during the war be- 
tween the Indians of New England and the Mohawks, the Massachusetts 
Chieftains united in raising an army of some six or seven hundred men to 
invade the country of the enemy. This enterprise was strongly discoun- 
tenanced by the English ; and the Praying Indians were so influenced by 
the arguments of Eliot and Gookin, that " not above five of them" could be 
induced to take part therein. " The chiefest General in this expedition," 
says Gookin, "was the principal Sachem of Massachusetts, named Josiah, 
alias Ciikkatabutt, a wise and stout man of middle age, but a very vitious 
person. This man was the chief, but there were divers other Sagamores 
and stout men that assisted." After a tedious march of about two hundred 
miles, the allied forces, composed of the bravest warriors of New England, 
arrived in the Mohawk Country, and sitting down before one of the forts of 
the enemy, besieged it for some days. But having been weakened by an 
assault of the Mohawks, who sallied from their fort, and attacked them with 
great fury; and finding that the strongholds of the enemy, the strength of 
which precluded the possibility of carrying them by assault, were well pre- 
pared to sustain a siege, while, in the meantime, their own provisions were 
exhausted, their ammunition well nigh spent, and sickness had made its 
appearance in their camp, they reluctantly abandoned the siege, and turned 
their faces homeward. But before they had marched fifty miles, they were 
pursued and intercepted by the Mohawks, and a severe conflict ensued. The 
New Englanders fought bravely, and many of the enemy fell before them ; 
but they were worn out by the fatigue of the journey and siege, and had to 
contend with a superior force. Their leader, Josiah, with most of his 
chief Captains and Sagamores, to the number of fifty, were slain, fighting 
valiantly. The approach of night put an end to the battle, — which was 
the last and most fatal in the war, — and the Mohawks withdrew, well sat- 
isfied with their victory ; while the remnant of the Massachusetts force 
made the best of its way home, overwhelmed with sorrow, shame, and con- 
fusion at the disastrous result of their enterprise, and mourning the loss of 
their principal Chiefs and bravest warriors. 

Josiah, as we have seen, left a son Jeremy, who became Sachem upon 






1 19.] \e% of the Early 11 y of M gh. I 

the attainment of his majority, in 1671. Charles Josiah, t] my, 

i said to have been the la*l of his race.* 

In the year L670 John Morton, of Plymouth, bought into the u 26 men's 
purchase,*' : * - it was called, and took up bis residence in Middleborough ; 
an I a i :i to represent the town — for the first time — in i! I iral 

Court of the Colony, at Plymouth, in the month <>i' June, i In 167] the 
town docs not appear to have been represented a! all. Jn 1 « * T li Moi 
i Berved as I )epul 

This year, 1672, we find it recorded that *' the Island I j [uas was 
let by the Colony to a Mr. Palmer, t<> plant and to This island was 

in our of the great ponds in Middleborough, and probably in that i 
which bears the same name, Quetequas, with its variations, Quittaquas, 
( }uii iquos, < ^uittiquash, and < £uil 

In June, L673, the town was represented by Morton for the last time. 
He died before the close of the y< ar, at M igh, " much lamei 

by sundry of 1 1 h • inhabitants of thai place " 1 I»' was the boo of Mr. I ! 
Morton, of Austerfield, Yorkshire, who married Sarah, the sister of Gov- 
ernor Bradford, came over in the Ann, in 1623, and died at Plymouth, in 
the month of June, 1624, leaving three Bons, of whom the subject of this 
notice was the second, and two daughters. The Colony Records inform us 
that Mr. John Morton was ";i godly man," and the estimation in which he 
was held by the people of Middleborough is evidenced by their .-• 
him for their first Deputy to the < < meral Court. He lefi a numerous fam- 
ily. His son John was " the first town a taster in ] nth, his native 
place"; and among his descendants may be mentioned the name of the 

Honorable .Mann- .Morion, LL. 1 ) 



■»'•■•_■ ■',■": • '••■.••■■'•/•.■'. ■ "•' ■»< ...... . . - . ■ ... . , • / i'- 

i In .111111'. 1638, the General Court of Plymouth Colony, taking into considerai 
complaint " thai the freemen were put to many inconveniences and gn ces by th 

continuall attendance at the Courts, 1 bb icts, "for the ease of the m-\ erall Coloi 
! . ncs within the ( iovernment, that every I'<>\\ ne -had make choyce of two ol their fV 
men and the Towne of Plymouth of foure, to be Coi - or deputies to joyne with i 

i > _ i . ... . . .. i . .i . " . ii .. i.i i ... i:.. . . i . 1 1 i . :. . l . l '. "i i 



♦ Drake's Book of the Indians, Book ILpp U I, 113-14; Deane'a History of 

Bcituate, (8vo. Boston, 1831,) pp in 5; Mass. Hist l I Sav- 

age's Winthrop, ii. 153-4, 156-7,303; Francis's John Eliot, in Sji.uk-'- American 

Biography, V. 71, et seq., 181 ; Blake's Ann fD B ■ 

i [n June, 1638, the General ('car; of Plymouth Colony, taking into consideration the 

their 

i I 

ee- 

.,....,,..,... ,.v ... .■ ,. ■ . ..^ .. .... the 

Bench to enact and make all such law es and ordinances as shall bo judged to be good and 
wholesome for the whole," &c. &c. 

In accordance with this Order of the Court, the first representative Legislati 
bly of the Colony convened at Plymouth, on the 4th of June, 1639, when Deputies from 
six towns made their appearance. 

Plymouth was represented by William Paddy. ManassehKempton,Jr n John Cooke, Jr., 
and John Dunham. 

D ixbury, by Jonathan Brewster and Edmund Chandler. 

Scituate, by Anthony Annable and Edward Foster. 

Cohannet (which received the name of Taunton at the Court which met on the 3d of 
March, 1639-40,) by Mr. John Gilbert and Henry Andrews. 

Sandwich, by Richard Bourne and John Vincent. 

Yarmouth, by Thomas Payne and Philip Tabor. 

Barnstable was not represented until December, when Mr. Joseph Hall and Mr. Thomas 
Dimmack appeared as its Deputies. 

— Set BrighanCt Plymouth Colony Lairs, pp. G3. 66; Baylies, Purl I. pp. 304-5. 

The first Assembly of Representatives in Massachusetts, convened at Boston, on the 
14th oi' May. 1634. — See Sewage's Wvnthrop y i. 128-30. 

| Eddy; Baylies, Part II. pp. 66, 67. 

§ Mass. Hist. Coll. III. 2, XIV. 253, 254, 265-6, XX .34-3. 

| Baylies, Tart II. p. 71; Eddy; Mass. Hist Coll. XIV. 91 ; Davis's Morton, pp. iii, 
100-1,379,385; Russell's Guide 'to Plymouth, (12mo. Boston, 1846,) p. 252 ; Mitchell's 
Bridsewater. 



342 Sketches of the Early History of Middleborough. [Oct. 

In this year, 1G73, John Dunham bought into "the purchase," and be- 
came an inhabitant ; * and represented the Town at the Court holden at 
Plymouth in the month of September, f 

On the 3d of July, 1673, Watuspaquin, the " Black Sachem," and his 
son William, had sold, for the sum of £15, to Benjamin Church, of Dux- 
bury, house carpenter, and John Tompson, of Barnstable, a tract of land 
" lying att and acare the town-hip of Middleberry." Thompson seems to 
have taken up his residence in the town soon after, and in the years 1G74 
and 1G75 represented Middleborough in the General Court} 

1G75. May 14. Watuspaquin and his son William "make over to John 
Tompson, Constant South worth," and others, of Middleborough, a all that 
tract of land which we now have in possession, called commonly Assowam- 
set neck or necks, and places adjacent," as security for other lands, deeded 
at the same time, against the claims of other persons thereupon; upon the 
condition that, if tie 1 purchasers of said lands are not disturbed in their 
possession, then the Indians "are not to be outed of Assawamsett neck."§ 

June. The General Court Bitting at Plymouth in this month, "ordered 
and impowered Mr. Constant South worth and Willam Paybody to run the 
line between Bridgwater and Middlebery. In case of the Treasurers 
[Southworth's] neglect, thai then Nathaniel] Thomas, Leiftenant Morton, 
and John Thompson to supply." || 

As wo have gradually approached that eventful period in our history, 
called King Philip's War, we have deviated in some instances from our 
chronological arrangement, in order that we might present an unbroken view 
of " the grounds, beginning, and progress " of this, "The Great Indian 
War " of New England, so tar as connected with the history of the town of 
Middleborough. 

About the year 1656 the two sons of the good King Massasoit (who had, 
in the year 1632, assumed the name of Ousamequin) presented themselves 
before the Court, at Plymouth, and requested that English names might be 
given to them. "Wamsutta, the eldest, was accordingly complimented with 
the name of Alexander, and Pometacom, his brother, with that of Philip; 
and they departed highly gratified, without doubt, by these imposing titles.^f 
The Treaty which had been made at Plymouth, by their father, on the 2 2d 
of March, 1620—1, and which had been renewed and confirmed by the 
Chieftain and his eldest son Mooanam, (subsecpaently called Wamsutta, and 
finally, by the English, as we have seen, named Alexander,) on the 25th of 
September, 1G3D, "being honestly intended," says Belknap, "on both sides, 
was kept with fidelity as long as Massasoit lived." Not long before his 
death, as we are informed by Hubbard, the aged Chief " came to Mr. 
Brown's, that lived not far from Mount Hope, bringing his two sons, Alex- 
ander and Philip, with him, desiring that there might be love and amity 
after his death, between his sons and them, as there had been betwixt him- 
self and them in former times."** 

=*Eddy. — We presume him to have been the son of Deacon John Downham. or "Dunham, 
who died March 2, 1668-9, aged 80. If this supposition is correct, he died in the year 
1692, agfed 79. — See Russell's Guide, p. 254; and also Davis s Morton, pp. 227, 384, note. 

t Baylies, Part II. p. 71. 

% Drake's Book of the Indians, Book III. p. 58 ; Eddv ; Bavlies, Part II. pp. 71-2. 

§ Drake, Book III. p. 58. 

|| Brigham's Plymouth Colony Laws, p. 176. 

TT Davis's Morton, p. 287, note ; Drake's Book of the Indians. Book III pp. 3, 6. 

** Bradford and Winslow, pp. 35-7; Davis's Morton, pp. 53-5. 210-11; Prince, pp. 
186-8: Drake, Book III. p. 3; Belknap's American Biography, ii. 214; Hubbard's Narra- 
tive of the Troubles with the Indians, (sm. 4to. Boston, 1677 j p. 8. 



1849.] / /. 

amequin died l><-t •• 13th of Decern- 

. I '".''. I , i'm! y. ,i~ -in-. • ' ] ' iher, '• v 

faithful and friendly t<» th< I iad been," but, if 

may beli< \ • I [ubbard, M bad n< 

their religion." In thi- S 

mplc of lii- father, i friend to the ] 

[>|K>84 'I tO tli< ; ' ( 

and • \ en attempted, in o 

I town of S 

(vul 

I 
S \ l< r iin fsted w i;li the po • H sor 

to lii- t ith(»r, ! — whether i" 

doubtful — ,: I . 

M For some of 1) n, " wril M N - 

f Ply m 

\ -tllri\ II t the ] 1 tli.lt lir : 

cited the Nan him in 

I 'ii tin- n ceipl of tl \ liu itli - 

M t" attend the next ( oui and h 

^ indication. ' The Sachei 

»r and mngisti 
them. Major \\ ill 

nrmed nu n, i itely pn II 

■I to find tli- I but b} 

II: 1 bnrd, " h< I him a horn I i Hunt 

.-itii ilway betwi P 

and Burpri it li a ] ] 

Mr as are the Recount i of M 

I • ' 
. w li< re he w as m 

t o M a t h e \\ 

l<>w. until Governor Prince should arrivi I 

All that the ( to 

Wii lifield ; and that, he 

there died within a few daj Hi- . I the time, 

to the treatment which be re© at tli«- !, ::iy 

gather from some remarks "f Hubbard; and Buch alwa 
stiil i-, a \ neral belief, blather tells us that A 

vexing :m<l fretting in hi- spirit, bu 'i a check was -ji \ '-n him, tl sud- 

denly fell si t." A:i'l here n find the tn Lis 

illness; namely, hi i bad a ri_ r !it to con- 

sider a most grievous affront, an ind stain upon bis honor as 

i Princ< 

On the death of Alexander, which occurred in the ramnv ' ably in 

the month of July, of L662, Philip became ( S of the Wampan- 

[n the north part o\ the town of Halifax. Tl i Eyewater 

mg the southwest margin of this ] See Mai • XIV. 280-1. 

tl! State Papers, (4to.Phil. 1792,-4) it 449-51 rompar j'sMemoir 

of Roger Williams, (12mo. Boston, 1834,) p ok of the Indians, Book 

II. pp. 27 B, 100, [II. pp. 6-9, 17; Old Indian Chronicle, (12mo. Bostoi 1836,) p ll 
Hnbbards Narrative, pp. 8,9-10; I rks's Am. Biog . V. 1 8; 

Bay lie*, Part II. pp. 233-4 ; Davis's Morton, pp 28? - IS -7: Hutchinson's Mai 

chnsetts, i. 'JJ2. ti 



344 Miscellany. [Oct. 

oags ; and as lie was aware of the suspicions which had been entertained of 
his brother, his first act was to repair to Plymouth with John Sausaman, 
his Secretary, and several of his friends and counsellors, and to present 
himself before the Court, upon the Gth of August, earnestly requesting, as 
we are told, "the continuance of that amity and friendship that hath for- 
merly been between the Governor of Plymouth and his deceased father and 
brother," promising to observe the covenants which had been made by his 
predecessors, and to " endeavor in all things to carry peaceably and inoffen- 
sively towards the English." Hereupon the ancient league was again 
renewed and confirmed, and subscribed by Philip, his uncle and chief cap- 
tain Uncompoin, and by Sausaman, and Francis, the Sachem of Nauset, 
with three others of his chief men, as witnesses.* 

By this act of the young Sachem the awakened suspicions of the English 
were effectually quieted, confidence was again restored, and nothing farther 
occurred to di;>turb the tranquillity of the Colony until the year 1671. 



A GENEALOGICAL PROBLEM. 

To the Editors of the "National Intelligencer. — In looking over a file of 
the Old Virginia Gazette for the year 17 is, (No. 642,) I have stumbled 
upon the following curious epitaph, which is said to have been copied from 
a tombstone at Arlington, near Paris. Your Lady readers may be pleased 
to study out the meaning : 

Here lies 

Two Grandmothers, with their two Granddaughters; 

Two Husbands, with their two Wives; 

Two Fathers, with their two Daughters; 

Two Mothers, with their two Son- ; 

Two Maidens, with their two Mothers ; 

Two Sisters, with their two Brothers ; 

Yet but six Corpses in all lie buried here, 

All born legitimate, from incest clear. 

From the National Intelligencer for Jan. 16, 1849. 



EPITAPHS FROM THE BURYING-GROUND ON COPFS HILL, 

BOSTON. 

Capt. Thomas Lake, aged Gl year?, an eminently faithful son of God, 
& one of a publick Spirit, was perfidiously slain by the Indians at Ken- 
nibeck Aug. 14th, 1G76, here interred the loth March following. 

He was made Freeman June 2, 1641. Says Cotton Mather, "if I should particularly 
relate how barbarously they murdered my dear friend, that exemplarily good man, Captain 
Thomas Lake, at Arowsick- Island in Kcnnebcck- River, I should but unto myself, bifandum 
renovare dolorem. — Mather's Magnolia, (8vo. New Haven, 1820.) Book VII. Chap. VI., 
Vol. 2, p. 500. See also Hubbard's Indian Wars, (ed. 1677.) Second Part, pp. 39-42. 

Here lyeth the body of John Lake, son to Caft. Thomas Lake, 
a ff ed about 24 [27] years, deceased 27 of June, 1G92. 

He was born "22 (2) 1665." — Boston Records. 

* Davis's Morton, pp. 286-8; Hubbard's Narrative, p. 10; Hutchinson, i. 253 ; Baylies, 
Part III. p. 17. 



1849.] 



List /" 



345 



LIST OF FREEMEN. 

[OoMOUml iN.I Hut Genoa]. Bo 

[Contuu* 'I from i'. i 
1 1 Oct ]>, Indn • I. I: i John I.' 

Stopfer Walley Coi J D 



nden 
M. ml 

.In Hitcbco ! ' u ■' • 1; 

,, _ l.i.'. h Jon* J 

;• K ry ' ! , "V "f"| c . kfl *' , Nl " " 

Sara! II. kinc J ' ,bllt 

Sara. Sticki ' [} 

Jn Bojnton " " ■' & 

Win lluti i. '• ( ,n "' ! : ' 

Bcnj. Kimball , . , , 

Robert II. tine 1 ,os,an ' , , " ' , l 

Bozoun Aii |, -""- ,; ' ( h , ; v "•" l;;: ' 

t ■ i; \ | |gj Narauell \ 1 1 n 

• In Pickard iun. 3 I ran* 

■ I eb, 1682 II iih|,!i. J I J 

Mr. Sam.Parris 1 Ch. Bost]Sam Ulyn N. Hamp.|Jn Mansfeild 



Li Mil. 

Mai bid 



N. II. 

.. 

.. 

.. 
.. 
.. 
• • 



amp 



Hing. 



\| Idam Wi